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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To Mary Treat   1 January 1873

Summary

Asks for certain observations to be made on Drosera and Dionaea.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Mary Lua Adelia (Mary) Treat
Date:  1 Jan 1873
Classmark:  Amy Nagashima (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8719

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Mary Treat   1 January 1873
  • … private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Jan 1873 Mary Lua Adelia (Mary) Treat …
  • … in the American Naturalist of March 1873 ( Treat 1873a). CD’s copies of the American …

To ?    2 January [1873 or 1874]

Summary

CD appreciates the correspondent’s suggestion.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  2 Jan 1873 or 2 Jan 1874
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Nachl. 141 (Slg. Adam) 33, Darwin, Charles
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8139F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To ?    2 January [1873 or 1874] …
  • … Adam) 33, Darwin, Charles Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Jan 1873 2 Jan 1874 Unidentified …

To Francis Galton   4 January [1873]

Summary

Comments on FG’s article ["Hereditary improvement", Fraser’s Mag. 87 (1873): 116–30]. Finds it "the sole feasible, yet I fear utopian, plan of procedure in improving the human race".

Thanks for rabbits for Balfour.

Mentions reading W. R. Greg’s Enigmas [of life (1872)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Galton
Date:  4 Jan [1873]
Classmark:  UCL Library Services, Special Collections (Galton papers 39)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8724

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Francis Galton   4 January [1873] …
  • … Collections (Galton papers 39) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Jan [1873] Francis Galton …
  • … Hereditary improvement", Fraser’s Mag. 87 (1873): 116–30]. Finds it "the sole feasible, …
  • … improvement’, which was published in January 1873 (see n.  2, below). Galton’s article, ‘ …
  • … or the natural as opposed to the artificial (Candolle 1873, pp.  432–6). Candolle and …
  • … Galton 1874) was prompted by Candolle 1873 (Pearson 1914–30, 2: 134). For some years …

To J. D. Hooker   5 January [1873]

Summary

Asks whether his observations on absorptive powers of glandular hairs of plants are new facts.

Asks for a Drosophyllum.

Comments on Francis Galton’s article in Fraser’s Magazine,

Greg’s Enigmas,

and Alphonse de Candolle’s Histoire des sciences.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Jan [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 243–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8726

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   5 January [1873] …
  • … DAR 94: 243–7 Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Jan [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873 . CD published his observations in …
  • … Oliver. CD’s annotated copy of Candolle 1873 is in the Darwin Library–CUL; he had received …
  • … letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] and n.  3). William Rathbone Greg’s Enigmas of …
  • … vols.  19 and 20. Nature , 2 January 1873, p.  168, recorded that the Académie royale de …

To ?   6 January [1873 or 1874]

Summary

"If you will apply to any bookseller whatever you will procure a copy.–– Publisher Murray."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  6 Jan 1873 or 6 Jan 1874
Classmark:  John Wilson (n.d.) (dealer)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7429A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To ?    6 January [1873 or 1874] …
  • … John Wilson (n.d. ) (dealer) Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 Jan 1873 6 Jan 1874 Unidentified …

To Asa Gray   8 January 1873

Summary

Has received, through AG, a letter on Dionaea [from W. M. Canby] which has greatly interested him. CD asks AG to question his correspondent on whether it catches large or small insects.

Mary Treat will observe Drosera filiformis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  8 Jan 1873
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (102)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8728

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   8 January 1873
  • … Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (102) Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Jan 1873 Asa Gray …
  • … this volume, letter to Mary Treat, 1 January 1873 . Drosera filiformis is the threadleaf …

To J. D. Hooker   9 January 1873

Summary

Explains why he wants Drosophyllum.

Hopes JDH will be elected President of Royal Society.

Agrees with JDH on Greg’s Enigmas.

Would like Greg to visit Down if JDH comes as CD’s "protector".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 94: 248–50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8729

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   9 January 1873
  • … DAR 94: 248–50 Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Jan 1873 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Greg’s visiting Down; Hooker visited on 19 April 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). See …
  • … Insectivorous plants , p.  50. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873  and n.  26. …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  3, and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873 . CD worked on barnacles between 1846 and 1854. See …
  • … Down,| Beckenham, Kent. Jan 9. 1873 My dear Hooker, First for business. — It w d .  be an …
  • … Schacht, also a botanist) in Hooker’s letter of 7 January 1873. CD’s annotated copy of …
  • … of Sach’s Lehrbuch der Botanik (Sachs 1873) is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873  and n.  15). CD alludes to Hooker’s disputes …
  • … national herbarium (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  6, and letter …
  • … from J.  D Hooker, 7 January 1873 and n.  8). CD had enjoyed apparently cordial relations …

To ?   9 January 1873

Summary

Has pleasure in signing the [missing] enclosure, with every word of which he fully agrees.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  9 Jan 1873
Classmark:  Private collection
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8728F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To ?    9 January 1873
  • … Private collection Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Jan 1873 Unidentified …
  • … the national herbaria (see letter to W.  E.  Gladstone, [before 16 January 1873] ). …

To M. D. Conway   11 January [1873]

Summary

Thanks MDC for letter on expression [see 8694].

Invites him to Down on 24th. CD warns that his health does not permit him to talk long with anyone.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Moncure Daniel Conway
Date:  11 Jan [1873]
Classmark:  Columbia University in the City of New York, Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8730

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To M.  D.  Conway   11 January [1873] …
  • … Book and Manuscript Library Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Jan [1873] Moncure Daniel Conway …
  • … Bonham-Carter) are mentioned. Jane Norton was at Down on 27 January 1873 ( letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 27 January [1873] and n.  10). …

To the Spectator   11 January 1873

Summary

Discusses two factors possibly causing modification of body or mind of an organism; habit and direct action of external conditions on the one hand, and selection, natural or artificial, on the other; considers their relative importance.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Spectator
Date:  11 Jan 1873
Classmark:  Spectator, 18 January 1873, p. 76.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8731

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To the Spectator    11 January 1873
  • … of life. — I am, Sir, &c. , | C harles D arwin . Down, Beckenham, Kent, Jan. 11, 1873. …
  • … Spectator , 18 January 1873, p.  76. …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Jan 1873 Spectator …
  • … In the Spectator , 11 January 1873, pp.  42–4, there was a discussion, headed ‘Dr …

To J. D. Hooker   12 January [1873]

Summary

Had thrown Geographical Society’s Proceedings in waste-basket, but as Strachey shows such admirable powers of discrimination he will fish it out and read the whole article.

Comments on 3d ed. of Sachs’s work [Lehrbuch der Botanik (1873)]. Wishes he were more controversial.

Has become wonderfully interested in Drosera and Dionaea.

9000 copies of Expression have been printed and most are sold.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 Jan [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 251–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8733

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   12 January [1873] …
  • … DAR 94: 251–2 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Jan [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … ed. of Sachs’s work [ Lehrbuch der Botanik (1873)]. Wishes he were more controversial. Has …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873  and n.  9. CD refers to William Ewart Gladstone. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873  and n.  7. CD refers to Richard …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  3. Orpington Station was the …
  • … the part of Hooker’s letter of 7 January 1873 where he mentioned that William Turner …
  • … Dyer was translating Julius Sach’s Lehrbuch der Botanik (Sachs 1873). See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873  and n.  2. CD’ …
  • … of Sach’s Lehrbuch der Botanik (Sachs 1873) is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia …
  • … did refer to Bert’s publication in Sachs 1873, p.  786 n.  2. For CD’s disagreement with …
  • … plants , pp.  256–7. Sachs referred to Cohn 1860 in Sachs 1873, p.  789 n.  4. …

To A. R. Wallace   13 January [1873]

Summary

Response to ARW’s criticisms in his review [of Expression, Q. J. Sci. n.s. 3 (1873): 113–18].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  13 Jan [1873]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8735

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   13 January [1873] …
  • … British Library (Add 46434) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 Jan [1873] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … to ARW’s criticisms in his review [of Expression , Q. J. Sci. n.s. 3 (1873): 113–18]. …
  • … the review was published in January 1873. Wallace’s review of Expression was published in …
  • … the Quarterly Journal of Science (A.  R.  Wallace 1873). See A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace 1873, p.  116, and Expression , pp.  46–7. Wallace had doubted CD’s account of …
  • … expression of indifference (A.  R.  Wallace 1873, p.  116; Expression , pp.  287–8). See …
  • … when it had both feet (A.  R.  Wallace 1873, p.  116, Expression , pp.  35–6). Wallace’s …

To W. E. Gladstone   [before 16 January 1873]

Summary

Encourages the government to keep the herbarium and library of the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Ewart Gladstone
Date:  [before 16 Jan 1873]
Classmark:  Fourth report of the Royal Commission on Scientific Instruction and the Advancement of Science; 1874 [C.884] XXII.1 (pp. 31–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9206F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Gladstone   [before 16 January 1873] …
  • … XXII.1 (pp. 31–2) Charles Robert Darwin [before 16 Jan 1873] William Ewart Gladstone …
  • … was first published in Nature , 16 January 1873. The first commissioner of works was Acton …

To Alphonse de Candolle   18 January [1873]

Summary

The evidence of tameness of Alpine butterflies [see 8672] seems good and the fact is surprising to CD for they can hardly have acquired this in their short life-time.

The question whether butterflies are attracted to bright colours independently of the supposed presence of nectar is still unanswered.

CD has great difficulty in believing that any temporary condition of parents can affect the offspring.

Pangenesis is much reviled, but CD must still look at generation from this point of view, which makes him averse to believing that an emotion has any effect on the offspring.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alphonse de Candolle
Date:  18 Jan [1873]
Classmark:  Archives de la famille de Candolle (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8741

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Alphonse de Candolle   18 January [1873] …
  • … private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 Jan [1873] Alphonse de Candolle …
  • … between this letter and the letter from Alphonse de Candolle, 14 January 1873 . Letter …
  • … from Alphonse de Candolle, 14 January 1873. See …
  • … Alois Humbert, [before 18] January 1873 . CD refers to Edmund Langton. See Correspondence …

To James Paget   18 January [1873]

Summary

JP’s note [8739] suggests reversion, but that is an easy trap. Will look to the ears of "our brethren at the Zool. Gardens".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Paget (1st baronet)
Date:  18 Jan [1873]
Classmark:  Smithsonian Institution Libraries (Special collections, Dibner Library MSS 405A. Gift of the Burndy Library)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8740

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To James Paget   18 January [1873] …
  • … of the Burndy Library) Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 Jan [1873] James Paget (1st baronet) …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter from James Paget, 17 January 1873 . See …
  • … letter from James Paget, 17 January 1873 . CD refers to Robert Aglionby Slaney ( …
  • … see CD’s annotation to the letter from James Paget, 17 January 1873 ). …

To Ernst Haeckel   20 January 1873

Summary

On EH’s Die Kalkschwämme [1872].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  20 Jan 1873
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus (Bestand A-Abt. 1: 52/29)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8743

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Ernst Haeckel   20 January 1873
  • … Abt. 1: 52/29) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Jan 1873 Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Jan 20 1873 My dear Häckel I received yr magnificent work about …

To Hubert Airy   [before 21 January 1873]

Summary

Sends HA’s paper ["On leaf arrangement"] with a supporting note [from CD] to Royal Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hubert Airy
Date:  [before 21 Jan 1873]
Classmark:  Cambridge University Library (MS. Add. 7656: RS899)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8744

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Hubert Airy   [before 21 January 1873] …
  • … Library (MS. Add. 7656: RS899) Charles Robert Darwin Down [before 21 Jan 1873] Hubert Airy …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from Hubert Airy, 21 January 1873 . CD …
  • … communicated Airy’s paper on phyllotaxy (Airy 1873) to the Royal Society of London. CD …
  • … See letter from Hubert Airy, 3 January 1873 . The copy is written on the back of a letter …

To J. D. Baldwin   21 January [1873]

Summary

Discusses JDB’s views on the spread of human-like creatures across the world, and the development of language.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Denison Baldwin
Date:  21 Jan [1873]
Classmark:  Steven S. Raab Autographs (September 2001) (dealer)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8746F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Baldwin   21 January [1873] …
  • … September 2001) (dealer) Charles Robert Darwin 21 Jan [1873] John Denison Baldwin …
  • … between this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Baldwin, 4 January 1873 . Letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Baldwin, 4 January 1873. CD discussed the development of language in Descent 1: 53–62; …

To G. H. Darwin   22 January 1873

Summary

Concerned about GHD’s health. Sends a prescription for a cough mixture.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  22 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8747

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   22 January 1873
  • … DAR 210.1: 8 Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Jan 1873 George Howard Darwin …
  • … Darwin had left for France on 10 January 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). A coupé was …

To J. V. Carus   23 January 1873

Summary

Acknowledges correction in text of Variation . "You are a most conscientious editor & are as careful as I am apt to be careless."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  23 Jan 1873
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 100–101
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8748

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   23 January 1873
  • … See letter from J.  V.  Carus, 21 January 1873 ; Carus had sent some corrections to …
  • … Darwin, Charles, Bl. 100–101 Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Jan 1873 Julius Victor Carus …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Jan 23 1873 My dear Sir Although my memory does not aid me, I …
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letter (273)
Author
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Date
1873
01 (24)
02 (21)
03 (22)
04 (36)
05 (20)
06 (15)
07 (16)
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005 - Charles Darwin to Mary Treat, 12 August 1873 Darwin writes to Treat to …

Science, Work and Manliness

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters In 1859, popular didactic writer William Landels published the first edition of what proved to be one of his best-selling works, How Men Are Made. "It is by work, work, work" he told his middle class audience, …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9157 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
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