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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   29 March 1873

Summary

Reports that he has not received JSBS’s book on histology and physiology [Sanderson ed., Handbook for the physiological laboratory (1873)], which Edward Emmanuel Klein told CD’s son was to be sent. He asks for information so that he may thank Dr Klein. [Klein and Michael Foster were co-authors with JSBS.]

He has returned the Gazette to Dr T. L. Brunton. [See 8825.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet)
Date:  29 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 147: 406
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8829A

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   29 March 1873
  • … London, Montague St, Portman Square, 16 29 Mar 1873 John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet) …
  • … an article about tumbling behaviour in pigeons (W.  J.  Moore 1873; see letter to T.   …
  • … L.  Brunton, 26 March 1873  and nn.  1 and 3). …
  • … Handbook for the physiological laboratory (1873)], which Edward Emmanuel Klein told CD’s …
  • … 16 Montique St | Portman Square March 29. 1873 My dear D r . Sanderson Pray excuse me for …
  • … Klein’s Handbook for the physiological laboratory (Klein et al. 1873). There is a copy …
  • … of Klein et al. 1873 in the Darwin Library–Down. CD had borrowed a copy of the Indian …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   24 June 1873

Summary

Wishes JSBS to look over an abstract of his Drosera experiments and to answer some questions on it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet)
Date:  24 June 1873
Classmark:  University of British Columbia, Woodward Library, Charles Woodward Memorial Room (I.x)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8948

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   24 June 1873
  • … Room (I.x) Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 June 1873 John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet) …
  • … however, the letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 25 June 1873 . On CD’s experiments with …
  • … Drosera (sundew), see the letter to Mary Treat, 1 January 1873 , and the letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] . In …
  • … a letter to Nature , 19 June 1873, pp.  141–3, Burdon Sanderson reported on some of the …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. June 24 1873 My dear D r Sanderson I am going to beg a great …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   26 June [1873]

Summary

Would welcome JSBS visit to discuss Drosera. Nitrogenous fluids can act as ferments only if they act merely by exciting molecular movement in adjoining molecules.

Glass and cotton excite movement and cause cell contents to change visibly. Huxley coming to see this phenomenon.

Studied effect of poisons 12 or 15 years ago to see whether the action was similar to that on nervous tissue.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet)
Date:  26 June [1873]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia, Woodward Libary, Charles Woodward Memorial Room (I.viii)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8952

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   26 June [1873] …
  • … I.viii) Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 June [1873] John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet) …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 25 June 1873 . Letter from J.   …
  • … S.  Burdon Sanderson, 25 June 1873. Burdon Sanderson …
  • … and his wife visited Down on 4 July 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Charles Lyell’s wife, Mary Elizabeth, died on 24 April 1873. There is no record …
  • … of Lyell’s visiting Down in June or July 1873 in Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242). Thomas …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   25 July 1873

Summary

Describes his recent work on Drosera digestion of organic materials, e.g., albumen and gelatin. Edward Frankland has given CD a rough test for pepsin. Some plant extracts cause as much inflection as meat. Has found some reversible inflection with heat and perhaps some heat rigor. Has measured the extreme sensitivity of Drosera with very dilute solution of ammonium phosphate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet)
Date:  25 July 1873
Classmark:  University of British Columbia, Woodward Library, Charles Woodward Memorial Room (I.ix)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8987

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   25 July 1873
  • … Room (I.ix) Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 July 1873 John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet) …
  • … was William Osler (see letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 28 July [1873] and n.  3). …
  • … 8 and 110–12; see also letter to Edward Frankland, 12 July 1873 . Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR …
  • … 242) records that Burdon Sanderson visited Down on 4 July 1873. See …
  • … letter from Edward Frankland, 17 July 1873 . CD described these experiments in …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. July 25 1873 My dear D r Sanderson I sh d like to tell you a …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   15 August 1873

Summary

Thinks it would be worth while testing for electrical changes in the leaves of insectivorous plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet)
Date:  15 Aug 1873
Classmark:  University of British Columbia, Woodward Library, Charles Woodward Memorial Room (I.xiii)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9013

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   15 August 1873
  • … I.xiii) Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 15 Aug 1873 John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet) …
  • … See letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 13 August [1873] . CD stayed …
  • … in Bassett, Southampton, from 9 to 21 August 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Burdon …
  • … the Congress of the British Medical Association on 8 August 1873, was reported in detail …
  • … in The Times , 9 August 1873, p.  10. See letter from …
  • … J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 13 August [1873] and n.  6. Drosera is the genus of sundews; …
  • … Bassett Southampton Aug 15. 1873 My dear Dr Sanderson I am much obliged for your letter …
  • … from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 13 August [1873] and n.  7. Burdon Sanderson was appointed …
  • … J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 13 August [1873] and n.  7. Burdon Sanderson did not experiment …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   27 August 1873

Summary

CD can provide leaves of Dionaea if JSBS wishes to investigate electric currents in them.

His experiments show that the digestive action of Drosera seems like that of true digestion.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet)
Date:  27 Aug 1873
Classmark:  Unknown provenance
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9029

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   27 August 1873
  • … provenance Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Aug 1873 John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet) …
  • … to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 15 August 1873 . The reference is to Dionaea muscipula (Venus …
  • … to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 15 August 1873  and n.  5. CD described the experiment with …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Aug 27. 1873 My dear D r Sanderson I have returned home & have …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   9 September [1873]

Summary

Pleased JSBS has decided to work on Drosera; sends plants. Does not know whether thermo-electric pile could detect temperature change when leaves close.

CD’s experiment with very weak hydrochloric acid repeated with success: the plants digest albumen more quickly.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet)
Date:  9 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia, Woodward Library, Charles Woodward Memorial Room (I.xiv)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9047

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   9 September [1873] …
  • … I.xiv) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Sept [1873] John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet) …
  • … was director. See also letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 27 August 1873  and n.  3. …
  • … to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 27 August 1873 . CD had asked Burdon Sanderson to investigate …
  • … muscipula (Venus fly trap; see letters to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 15 August 1873 and …
  • … 27 August 1873). See letter from J.   …
  • … S.  Burdon Sanderson, 13 August [1873] and n.  7. Sanderson did not report experiments …
  • … leaf of Dionaea in his letter of 15 August 1873. Francis Darwin lived with CD’s brother, …
  • … arrived at Down on Saturday 13 September 1873. As part of his medical training, Francis …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   13 September [1873]

Summary

Thanks JSBS for telegraphing his results, which seem very remarkable; feels he should now try Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet)
Date:  13 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia, Woodward Library, Charles Woodward Memorial Room (I.xv)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9055

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   13 September [1873] …
  • … I.xv) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 Sept [1873] John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet) …
  • … to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 9 September [1873] . Burdon Sanderson’s telegraph has not …
  • … he recorded in his diary for 12 September 1873, ‘Work at Electrical phenomena of Dionaea— …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   14 September [1873]

Summary

Very pleased at JSBS’s discovery ["On the electrical phenomena which accompany the contractions of the leaf of Dionaea muscipula", Rep. BAAS 43 (1873): 133].

Asks for pure animal substances [proteins] for Drosera experiments. His other sources have been T. L. Brunton, Edward Frankland, W. A. Miller (now dead), and Hoffmann of Berlin [A. W. von Hofmann?].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet)
Date:  14 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia, Woodward Library, Charles Woodward Memorial Room (I.ix)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9056

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   14 September [1873] …
  • … I.ix) Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 Sept [1873] John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet) …
  • … leaf of Dionaea muscipula ", Rep. BAAS 43 (1873): 133]. Asks for pure animal substances [ …
  • … to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 13 September [1873] . Francis Darwin was a medical student at …
  • … held at Bradford from 17 to 24 September 1873 ( Report of the 43rd meeting of the British …
  • … for the Advancement of Science, held at Bradford (1873), p.  lxix). The paper has not been …
  • … Its digestibility had been reported in Klein et al. 1873, 1: 486–7. Thomas Lauder Brunton. …
  • … letter from Edward Frankland, 17 July 1873 ). August Wilhelm von Hofmann, his predecessor …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   1 October [1873]

Summary

Hears from Frank [Darwin] that Drosera behaves perversely. Suggests that motor influence may move longitudinally away from the excited glands.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet)
Date:  1 Oct [1873]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia, Woodward Library, Charles Woodward Memorial Room (I.vii)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9081

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   1 October [1873] …
  • … Room (I.vii) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Oct [1873] John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet) …
  • … to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 9 September [1873] . CD had sent Drosera plants to Burdon …
  • … Sanderson (see letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 9 September [1873] ). See …
  • … letter from Francis Darwin, [30 September 1873] . For CD’s experiments on the transmission …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   18 October [1873]

Summary

Suggests experiments on artificial digestion.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet)
Date:  18 Oct [1873]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia, Woodward Library, Charles Woodward Memorial Room (I.xxvi)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9684

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   18 October [1873] …
  • … I.xxvi) Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 Oct [1873] John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet) …
  • … to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 19 November [1873] . Samuel William Moore provided mucin, …
  • … round-leaved sundew; letter to Edward Frankland, 29 September 1873 , and letters from S.   …
  • … W.  Moore, 3 October 1873 and …
  • … 7 October 1873); CD published the results in Insectivorous plants. See letter from …
  • … S.  W.  Moore, [1 October 1873] . Thomas Lauder Brunton. CD wanted to compare the …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   15 November [1873]

Summary

Frankland is sending JSBS organic acids for him to try artificial digestion. CD will send globulin and haemoglobin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet)
Date:  15 Nov [1873]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia, Woodward Library, Charles Woodward Memorial Room (I.xii)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9143

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   15 November [1873] …
  • … Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 15 Nov [1873] John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet) …
  • … Emma Litchfield’s house, on 15 November only in 1873. These acids are naturally occurring …
  • … plants , pp.  89–91. CD returned to Down on 18 November 1873 (‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   19 November [1873]

Summary

Sends the very little globulin and haemoglobin he has to be tested with artificial gastric juice. He could get more from Samuel William Moore. Perhaps T. L. Brunton knows about the digestion of chlorophyll by animals.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet)
Date:  19 Nov [1873]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia, Woodward Library, Charles Woodward Memorial Room (I.vi)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9155

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   19 November [1873] …
  • … Room (I.vi) Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Nov [1873] John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet) …
  • … pp.  110–11). See letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 15 November [1873] and n.  2. …
  • … to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 15 November [1873] . Globuline (now known as globulin) is a …
  • … see letter from S.  W.  Moore, [1 October 1873] and n.  2), including globulin from the …
Document type
letter (13)
Author
Addressee
Sanderson, J. S. B.[X]
Correspondent
Date
1873
03 (1)
06 (2)
07 (1)
08 (2)
09 (3)
10 (2)
11 (2)
Search:
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005 - Charles Darwin to Mary Treat, 12 August 1873 Darwin writes to Treat to …

Science, Work and Manliness

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters In 1859, popular didactic writer William Landels published the first edition of what proved to be one of his best-selling works, How Men Are Made. "It is by work, work, work" he told his middle class audience, …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9157 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
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