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Darwin Correspondence Project
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From Felix Choice   [1873?]

Summary

Has read Expression, and assures CD some people cry when happy.

Author:  Felix Choice
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1873?]
Classmark:  DAR 161: 145
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8710

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From Felix Choice   [1873? ] …
  • … DAR 161: 145 Felix Choice London, Newington Causeway, 130 [1873? ] Charles Robert Darwin …

From E. A. Darwin   [1873–81]

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Summary

Notes on the shoveller, taken from John Gould’s Birds of Great Britain [1862–73].

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1873–81]
Classmark:  DAR 69: 47–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13790

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   [1873–81] …
  • … DAR 69: 47–8 Erasmus Alvey Darwin Athenaeum Club [1873–81] Charles Robert Darwin …

From Francis Darwin   [1873]

Summary

Klein says water ought to be changed daily. Asks to tell G Revalenta shop shut. Klein reports discovery about toads’ ova does not bear on pangenesis.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8713F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [1873] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 11 Francis Darwin London [1873] Charles Robert Darwin ‘F.D ’73’ …

From Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen   [1873?]

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Summary

Translation of some of his annotations in Dutch edition of Expression.

Author:  Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1873?]
Classmark:  DAR 53.1: B44–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8712

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen   [1873? ] …
  • … 53.1: B44–9 Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen unstated [1873? ] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Dutch (Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen trans.  1873). Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen refers to …

From Stanley Haynes   [1873?]

Summary

Notes headed "Observations on the expression of the emotions".

Author:  Stanley Haynes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1873?]
Classmark:  DAR 166: 125
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8708

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From Stanley Haynes   [1873? ] …
  • … DAR 166: 125 Stanley Haynes Malvern Link [1873? ] Charles Robert Darwin …

From Henry Jackson   [1873?]

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Summary

Notes referring to passages in Expression [annotated in places by Francis Darwin, presumably when preparing 2d ed.].

Author:  Henry Jackson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1873?]
Classmark:  DAR 53.2: 91–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13819

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From Henry Jackson   [1873? ] …
  • … DAR 53.2: 91–5 Henry Jackson unstated [1873? ] Charles Robert Darwin …

From E. F. Lubbock   [1873?]

Summary

Observations on her pet cat.

Author:  Ellen Frances Lubbock
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1873?]
Classmark:  DAR 170: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8701

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From E.  F.  Lubbock   [1873? ] …
  • … DAR 170: 14 Ellen Frances Lubbock unstated [1873? ] Charles Robert Darwin …

From James Paget   [1873]

Summary

"Sir William Gull has just brought me the enclosed quotations from Chaucer, as illustrations of the closure of the eyes in effort. [In "The Nun’s priest’s tale" in Canterbury tales the fox tricks Chanticleer into crowing, whereupon Chanticleer closes his eyes to make the effort (and gets seized by the fox).] He begs me to send them to you.

I have lately seen a terrier who very distinctly frowns during mental excitement – not always with anger, but often, I think, with anxiety, as in expecting food."

Author:  James Paget (1st baronet)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1873]
Classmark:  S. Paget ed. 1901, p. 408
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8713

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From James Paget   [1873] …
  • … S. Paget ed. 1901, p. 408 James Paget (1st baronet) unstated [1873] Charles Robert Darwin …

From Cecil Smith   [1873?]

Summary

Describes some behaviour in herring gulls similar to that of sheldrakes as described by CD in Expression [pp. 47–8].

Author:  Cecil Smith
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1873?]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 187
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13841

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From Cecil Smith   [1873? ] …
  • … DAR 177: 187 Cecil Smith Taunton [1873? ] Charles Robert Darwin …

From J. P. M. Weale to J. N. Lockyer   [January 1873]

Summary

On expression among Kaffirs and Hottentots.

Author:  James Philip Mansel Weale
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Jan 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 181: 44
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8716

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  P.  M.  Weale to J.  N.  Lockyer   [January 1873] …
  • … DAR 181: 44 James Philip Mansel Weale unstated [Jan 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … crossed pencil Top of the letter : ‘Jan 1873 | J.  P.  Mansell Weale | Brooklyn near King …

From ?   [1873–4?]

Summary

Cancelled: enclosure to S 9290.

Author:  Unidentified
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1873–4?]
Classmark:  DAR 69: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8714

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From ?    [1873–4? ] …
  • … DAR 69: 11 Unidentified unstated [1873–4? ] Charles Robert Darwin …

From ?   [1873?]

Summary

Notes on CD’s Expression.

Author:  Unidentified
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1873?]
Classmark:  DAR 159: 138
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8706

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From ?    [1873? ] …
  • … DAR 159: 138 Unidentified unstated [1873? ] Charles Robert Darwin …

From Hubert Airy   3 January 1873

Summary

HA’s paper on leaf arrangement is almost ready; asks CD to communicate it to the Royal Society. Seeks permission to quote from CD’s notes.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 159: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8720

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Hubert Airy   3 January 1873
  • … DAR 159: 24 Hubert Airy London, Dacre Park, 27 3 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  20 and Airy 1873), according to which leaf arrangement was a …
  • … 27. Dacre Park. Lee. S.E. 1873. Jan.  3. My dear Sir My paper “On Leaf-arrangement” is in …
  • … to his paper ‘On leaf-arrangement’ (Airy 1873); it was communicated to the Royal Society …
  • … of London by CD and read on 27 February 1873. Airy’s father was George Biddell Airy, the …
  • … of Airy’s paper was published (Airy 1873); it does not include the suggested text. The …

From Lajos Felméri   3 January 1873

Summary

Thanks for copy of Expression. Notes on expression among the Széklers.

Sends a copy of his book of travels in Scotland.

Author:  Lajos Felméri
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 164: 116
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8723

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Lajos Felméri   3 January 1873
  • … DAR 164: 116 Lajos Felméri Klausenburg (Cluj) 3 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Servant | Lewis Felméri Klausenburg, | the 3 d . Janu.  1873. Charles Darwin Esqre …
  • … Természettudományi Közlöny; Felméri 1873). Materia peccans (Latin): disease-causing …

From J. D. Baldwin   4 January 1873

Summary

Has studied CD’s books and accepts evolution without giving up belief in creation of first forms.

On theory in Descent, suggests offspring of the original [human] progenitor dispersed before a human stage arrived at; this would account for races and languages with no discernible common origin.

Author:  John Denison Baldwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 160: 21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8725

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Baldwin   4 January 1873
  • … DAR 160: 21 John Denison Baldwin Worcester, Mass. 4 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Massachusetts, U.S.A. , January 4, 1873. My Dear Sir, Will you allow an American to …

From J. D. Hooker   7 January 1873

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Summary

Fascinated by Greg’s Enigmas, though its matter is weak.

Is vexed at being drawn into hostility toward British Museum through William Carruthers’ insolence and presumption.

Recounts visit with Edward Cardwell [Secretary for War].

Has sent Candolle’s book to Gladstone.

JDH indignant at Gladstone’s speech putting English science below French and German.

Thinks it is an accepted dogma that glandular hairs are excreting only. Will ask others to confirm.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 140–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8727

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   7 January 1873
  • … DAR 103: 140–5 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 7 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … refers to CD’s letter to him of 5 January [1873]; the last extant letter from CD to Hooker …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  3. William Rathbone Greg’s Enigmas …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5  January [1873] and n.  6). William Ewart Gladstone was …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  7. William Carruthers was keeper of …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  9). Gladstone’s address was published …
  • … in The Times , 23 December 1872, p.  8, and published by John Murray in 1873 ( …
  • … Gladstone 1873). Hooker refers to Gladstone 1869 ( Iuventus mundi (Latin): the youth of …
  • … president of the Royal Society of London from 1873 to 1878 ( ODNB ). His opponent in the …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] . Hooker was employing Thiselton-Dyer part- …
  • … Lehrbuch der Botanik (Sachs 1870 and 1873; Sachs 1875). Miles Joseph Berkeley. Selaginella …

From J. D. Hooker   12 January 1873

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Summary

Drosophyllum is coming from Dublin. Will ship it to Down when it arrives.

The awful honour of Presidency of Royal Society; his aversion to dignities and honours.

R. Strachey [Proc. R. Geogr. Soc. (1873): 450] has paid him and CD a compliment.

Letter from Gladstone.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 146–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8732

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   12 January 1873
  • … DAR 103: 146–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 12 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … honours. R. Strachey [ Proc. R. Geogr. Soc. (1873): 450] has paid him and CD a compliment. …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  3. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January 1873  and n.  6. Hooker refers to Hermann Schacht, Julius …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January 1873  and n.  3. Hooker refers to William Ewart …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] . Hooker had been invited to stand for …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873 and n.  15). ‘Uneasy lies the head that …

From J. D. Hooker   [13 or 20 January 1873]

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Summary

The Drosophyllum goes to Orpington by train this evening.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Jan 1873 or 20 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 138–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8734

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [13 or 20 January 1873] …
  • … DAR 103: 138–9 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated 13 Jan 1873 20 …
  • … Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … this letter, the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873 , and the letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 20 January 1873 . …
  • … In 1873, 13 and 20 January were Mondays. Hooker refers to Drosophyllum lusitanicum (the …
  • … that CD wanted to experiment on. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  3. …

From Alphonse de Candolle   14 January 1873

Summary

Thanks for Expression, which has made him wonder whether his shyness in public until the age of 55 resulted from fear of subjecting his face to ridicule.

Criticises F. Galton’s Hereditary genius [1869] for neglecting environmental influence.

Author:  Alphonse de Candolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 161: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8737

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Alphonse de Candolle    14 January 1873
  • … DAR 161: 17 Alphonse de Candolle Geneva 14 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Genève 14 Janvier 1873. Mon cher Monsieur Vous avez été bien bon de me communiquer vos …
  • … to his Histoire des sciences (Candolle 1873); see Correspondence vol.  20, letter to …
  • … Geneva 14 January 1873. My dear Sir You were very good to communicate to me your …
  • … Pearson  1914–30, 2: 135–9. Candolle 1873 reflected critically upon Galton’s Hereditary …
  • … see Pearson 1914–30, 2: 134). See Candolle 1873, pp.  311–12, and Pearson 1914–30, 2: 136. …
  • … Browne, [29–31 March 1871] . See Candolle 1873, p.  331. In Lucas 1847–50, 2: 502, Prosper …

From A. R. Wallace   14 January 1873

Summary

Is not surprised CD dissents from his criticisms [of Expression?]. Holds to his own interpretation of the expression of astonishment.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 181: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8736

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   14 January 1873
  • … DAR 181: 8 Alfred Russel Wallace Grays 14 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 13 January [1873] . Wallace’s review of Expression (A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace 1873) appeared in the Quarterly Journal of Science . See letter to …
  • … A.  R.  Wallace, 13 January [1873] and n.  3. See letter …
  • … to A.  R.  Wallace, 13 January [1873] and n.  6. See Correspondence vol.  20, letter from …
  • … The Dell, Grays, Essex. Jan. y 14th.  1873. Dear Darwin I am not at all surprised at your …
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

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  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

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  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

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  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

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  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

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  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

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  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

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  • … Letter 9005 - Charles Darwin to Mary Treat, 12 August 1873 Darwin writes to Treat to …

Science, Work and Manliness

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters In 1859, popular didactic writer William Landels published the first edition of what proved to be one of his best-selling works, How Men Are Made. "It is by work, work, work" he told his middle class audience, …

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  • … Letter 9157 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
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