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To W. Thistleton-Dyer   [December? 1873?]

Summary

Asks for Cassia plants.

What books could CD give R. I. Lynch to show his gratitude?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  [Dec? 1873?]
Classmark:  DAR 144: 402
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9165

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To W.  Thistleton-Dyer   [December? 1873? ] …
  • … DAR 144: 402 Charles Robert Darwin Down [Dec? 1873? ] William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …

To T. H. Farrer   1 December [1873]

Summary

Suggests a reference to Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 1 Dec 1873, p. 497, when THF takes up Coronilla.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer (1st Baron Farrer)
Date:  1 Dec [1873]
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (Farrer 17a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9166

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Farrer   1 December [1873] …
  • … Farrer 17a) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Dec [1873] Thomas Henry Farrer (1st Baron Farrer) …
  • … Annals and Magazine of Natural History , 1 Dec 1873, p. 497, when THF takes up Coronilla . …
  • … in Annals & Mag.  of Nat. Hist. December 1 1873.  p.  497. C.  Darwin Down | Dec.  1 st . …
  • … made self-fertilisation impossible in Meehan 1873; his paper was summarised in Annals and …
  • … of Natural History 4th ser.  12 (1873): 497–8. In the Annals , Meehan’s observations were …
  • … terrestris and described the process of pollen transfer (see also Gentry 1873). Farrer …
  • … and CD had corresponded in August 1873 on the floral morphology of Coronilla (see, for …
  • … example, letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). …

From T. L. Brunton   2 December 1873

Summary

Offers to experiment on the digestibility of chondrin and chlorophyll by Dionaea for CD.

Has noticed that painters depicting complex expressions give different expressions to the two sides of the face.

Author:  Thomas Lauder Brunton (1st baronet)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Dec 1873
Classmark:  DAR 160: 337
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9167

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From T.  L.  Brunton   2 December 1873
  • … Lauder Brunton (1st baronet) London, Somerset St, 23 2 Dec 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … t . Portman Sq | London W. Dec r . 2 nd . 1873 Dear Sir D r . Burdon Sanderson informs me …
  • … S.  Burdon Sanderson, 19 November [1873] ). Chondrin is a protein–carbohydrate substance …
  • … the physiological laboratory (Klein et al. 1873, pp.  444–7). The painting by Jusepe de …

From Alfred Moschkau   2 [December] 1873

Summary

Discusses variation and selection in Harz canaries.

Author:  Otto Carl Alfred (Alfred) Moschkau
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 [Dec] 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 249
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9125

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Alfred Moschkau    2 [December] 1873
  • … Carl Alfred (Alfred) Moschkau Niederoderwitz (Zittau) 2 [Dec] 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Nied. Oderwitz, d.  2. Nov.  1873. Hochverehrter Meister! Sehr geehrter Herr! Besten Dank …
  • … Nied. Oderwitz, 2. Nov.  1873. Most respected master! Highly honoured Sir! Many thanks for …
  • … the letter from Alfred Moschkau, 10 November 1873 . Moschkau evidently wrote ‘November’ in …
  • … the letter from Alfred Moschkau, 10 November 1873 . Haeckel 1868b. The Harz mountains in …

To T. L. Brunton   3 December 1873

Summary

Is interested in comparative nutritive values of chondrin and gelatin. The former seems to excite Drosera more, though albumen does so to a higher degree than either. Also asks if chlorophyll is digested by animals; Drosera digests it hardly at all.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Lauder Brunton (1st baronet)
Date:  3 Dec 1873
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Getz 9168)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9168

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To T.  L.  Brunton   3 December 1873
  • … Getz 9168) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Dec 1873 Thomas Lauder Brunton (1st baronet) …
  • … See letter from T.  L.  Brunton, 2 December 1873 . See letter from T.   …
  • … L.  Brunton, 2 December 1873  and n.  1. Albumen is the clear part of an egg (egg white), …
  • … plants , pp.  125–6. See letter from T.  L.  Brunton, 2 December 1873  and n.  2. …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Dec 3 1873 My dear Sir I am very much obliged for your kind …

From T. H. Huxley   3 December 1873

Summary

A letter from Anton Dohrn declines the proposed fund [that THH and others suggested be raised in England for marine biological station at Naples].

Hooker’s inaugural as President of Royal Society a success.

R. Owen distinguished himself in his way.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Dec 1873
Classmark:  DAR 166: 330; Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 13: 252)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9169

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   3 December 1873
  • … 13: 252) Thomas Henry Huxley London, Marlborough Place, 4 3 Dec 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 4 Marlborough Place | NW Dec r . 3 rd . 1873 My dear Darwin I have had a letter from Dohrn …
  • … on 30 November (St Andrew’s day), but in 1873, 30 November was a Sunday so the dinner was …
  • … held instead on 1 December ( The Times , 2 December 1873, p.  7). …
  • … to the fellows of the Royal Society (Owen 1873) touched on the subject of payment to …
  • … at the anniversary meeting ( The Times , 2 December 1873, p.  7). For a translation of the …
  • … from T.  H.  Huxley to Anton Dohrn, 15 November 1873 ). This enclosure is Dohrn’s reply. …
  • … The cholera epidemic in Naples in 1873 lasted for about four months and resulted in over …

To Richard Fordman   4 December [1873]

Summary

Thanks RF for his kind note; cannot quite believe or disbelieve stories of children raised by wolves.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Fordman
Date:  4 Dec [1873]
Classmark:  Massachusetts Historical Society (Grenville H. Norcross Autograph Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9170

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To Richard Fordman   4 December [1873] …
  • … H. Norcross Autograph Collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Dec [1873] Richard Fordman …

From Jonathan Peel   4 December 1873

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Summary

On the vermiform appendix,

snipes breeding in England,

and the horns of crossbred sheep.

Author:  Jonathan Peel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Dec 1873
Classmark:  DAR 88: 132–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9172

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Jonathan Peel   4 December 1873
  • … DAR 88: 132–3 Jonathan Peel Knowlmere Manor 4 Dec 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Knowlmere Manor— Clitheroe 4. Dec r . 1873 Dear Sir While lately looking over your “ …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   4 December 1873

Summary

Wishes to identify a species of Cassia whose movements interest him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  4 Dec 1873
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 1–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9171

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   4 December 1873
  • … Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T. , Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 1–2) Charles …
  • … Robert Darwin Down 4 Dec 1873 William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Dec 4 1873 My dear Mr Dyer As Hooker is so busy I sh d be very …
  • … letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 3 December 1873  and n.  2). Cassia is a genus in the family …

To T. H. Huxley   5 December [1873]

Summary

Sorry to hear of Dohrn’s troubles. Has written to prospective donors saying that nothing can be done because of attitude of Dohrn’s father.

New [2d] edition of Descent is an awful job.

Diet no longer doing much for his health.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  5 Dec [1873]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 305)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9173

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   5 December [1873] …
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 305) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Dec [1873] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … CD began working on the new edition on 20 November 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … this letter and the letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 3 December 1873 . See letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 3 December 1873 . CD refers to Anton Dohrn and Carl August Dohrn. Anton Dohrn …
  • … Balfour (see letter from F.  M.  Balfour, 11 November 1873 ). See letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 3 December 1873  and n.  2. Joseph Dalton Hooker had been elected president of …
  • … to Richard Owen. Huxley’s letter of 3 December 1873 is incomplete; the section discussing …

From W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   6 December 1873

Summary

Movement in plants.

Information on species of Cassia.

Author:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Dec 1873
Classmark:  DAR 178: 92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9174

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   6 December 1873
  • … Turner Thiselton-Dyer London, Gloucester Rd, Kew, 10 6 Dec 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 4 December 1873 . Cassia floribunda is now Senna floribunda . …
  • … to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 4 December 1873 . The scarlet pimpernel, Angalis arvensis , is …
  • … 10 Gloucester Road, Kew Dec 6. 1873 Dear M r Darwin Your Cassia is one well known in …

From Hubert Airy   7 December 1873

Summary

Illustrates, with reference to different species of Gasteria, the role of twisting in the development of leaf arrangement.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Dec 1873
Classmark:  DAR 159: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9175

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Hubert Airy   7 December 1873
  • … DAR 159: 27 Hubert Airy Blackheath 7 Dec 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Grove. | Blackheath, London S.E. 7. December 1873. My dear Sir It is not easy to reject …
  • … the letter from Hubert Airy, 17 March 1873  and n.  2. Gasteria is a genus of succulent …
  • … of the Royal Society of London took place at Burlington House on 26 April 1873 ( Nature , …
  • … 24 April 1873, p.  490). Airy refers to Joseph Dalton Hooker. Gasteria subnigricans is a …
  • … excluded by the geometry of the case (Beal 1873, p.  451; see Correspondence vol.  22, …
  • … has not been found. CD sent the August 1873 issue of American Naturalist ; it contained …

From Richard Strachey   9 December 1873

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Summary

Sends observations from a friend in India confirming CD’s view that bees cut the tubes of flowers to extract [nectar] in order to save time.

Also observations on snails descending from trees on threads suspended from their tails.

Author:  Richard Strachey
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Dec 1873
Classmark:  DAR 46.2: C56–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9176

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Richard Strachey   9 December 1873
  • … DAR 46.2: C56–7 Richard Strachey Clapham Common 9 Dec 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the British Association for the Advancement of Science in September 1873 (see letter from …
  • … Richard Strachey, 25 August 1873  and n.  3). …
  • … Strachey visited Down on 23 August 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Simla (now …

To Jonathan Peel   10 December [1873]

Summary

Obliged for letter about horns of sheep.

Mentions case of death from objects impacted in appendix.

Is aware of his error about snipe breeding.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jonathan Peel
Date:  10 Dec [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 241
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9178

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Jonathan Peel   10 December [1873] …
  • … DAR 147: 241 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Dec [1873] Jonathan Peel …
  • … the letter from Jonathan Peel, 4 December 1873 . Peel found that when he bred Lonk sheep ( …
  • … horns while the females lost them (see letter from Jonathan Peel, 4 December 1873 . See …
  • … letter from Jonathan Peel, 4 December 1873  and n.  1. Vermiform appendage: the appendix. …
  • … did not breed in Britain (see letter from Jonathan Peel, 4 December 1873  and n.  3). …

To Richard Strachey   10 December [1873]

Summary

The case of the bees interests CD. He does not doubt that because of the size of their jaws humble-bees will be found all over the world to be the biters and hive-bees to profit from their work.

Thinks he has heard of land shells descending in the manner described by RS.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Strachey
Date:  10 Dec [1873]
Classmark:  British Library (IOL Mss Eur F 127)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9177

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Richard Strachey   10 December [1873] …
  • … Library (IOL Mss Eur F 127) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Dec [1873] Richard Strachey …
  • … the letter from Richard Strachey, 9 December 1873 . CD refers to bees’ cutting holes in …
  • … to get at the nectar (see letter from Richard Strachey, 9 December 1873  and n.  3). …
  • … See letter from Richard Strachey, 9 December 1873  and n.  4. George …
  • … designed a portable globe (see letter from Richard Strachey, 9 December 1873  and n.  5). …

To F. S. B. F. de Chaumont   17 December [1873]

Summary

Thanks FdeC for his note and invites criticisms.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Stephen Bennet François de Chaumont
Date:  17 Dec [1873]
Classmark:  Wellcome Library (RAMS/473/3) Trustees of the Army Medical Service Museum
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9179

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To F.  S.  B.  F.  de Chaumont   17 December [1873] …
  • … de Chaumont (see letter to F.  S.  B.  F.  de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] and n.  4). …
  • … Service Museum Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Dec [1873] Francis Stephen Bennet François de …
  • … F.  S.  B.  F.  de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] . The printed stationery is of a sort that …

To J. E. Lee   17 December 1873

Summary

Formal note enclosing five guineas for William Pengelly testimonial fund.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Edward Lee
Date:  17 Dec 1873
Classmark:  John W. Wells (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9180

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To J.  E.  Lee   17 December 1873
  • … John W. Wells (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Dec 1873 John Edward Lee …
  • … On 17 December 1873, CD recorded a payment of £5 5 s. for the Pengelly testimonial in his …

From Alfred Moschkau   17 December 1873

Summary

Thanks CD for book.

Mentions controversy involving Haeckel.

Describes his lectures on Darwinism.

Author:  Otto Carl Alfred (Alfred) Moschkau
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Dec 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 251
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9182

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Alfred Moschkau    17 December 1873
  • … Carl Alfred (Alfred) Moschkau Niederoderwitz (Zittau) 17 Dec 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Nied. Oderwitz, d.  17. Dec.  1873. Hochverehrter Herr! Vor Allem herzlichsten Dank für …
  • … Nied. Oderwitz, 17 Dec.  1873. Highly honoured Sir! First of all my most heartfelt thanks …
  • … letter from Alfred Moschkau, 2 [December] 1873 . CD had evidently sent English-language …

To Smith, Elder & Co   17 December [1873]

Summary

Suggests that his Coral reefs be republished.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Smith, Elder & Co
Date:  17 Dec [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 159–60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9181

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Smith, Elder & Co   17 December [1873] …
  • … DAR 96: 159–60 Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Dec [1873] Smith, Elder & Co …
  • … Cambridge ( Harrod & Co. ’s directory of Suffolk and Cambridgeshire 1873). CD had been …
  • … for a second edition since 20 November 1873 and had also been working on Insectivorous …

From J. L. H. Down   18 December 1873

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Summary

Describes features of an ear of a microcephalous idiot, one of which contradicts Carl Vogt’s views [Mémoire sur les microcéphales (1867)].

Author:  John Langdon Haydon Down
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Dec 1873
Classmark:  DAR 87: 63–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9191

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From J.  L.  H.  Down   18 December 1873
  • … 87: 63–4 John Langdon Haydon Down London, Welbeck St, 39 18 Dec 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
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07 (1)
09 (1)
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17 (4)
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005 - Charles Darwin to Mary Treat, 12 August 1873 Darwin writes to Treat to …

Science, Work and Manliness

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters In 1859, popular didactic writer William Landels published the first edition of what proved to be one of his best-selling works, How Men Are Made. "It is by work, work, work" he told his middle class audience, …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9157 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
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