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From Godfrey Wedgwood   [November 1873]

Summary

Captive and tame birds inheriting the migratory instinct.

Author:  Godfrey Wedgwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Nov 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 181: 52
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9121

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Godfrey Wedgwood   [November 1873] …
  • … DAR 181: 52 Godfrey Wedgwood unstated [Nov 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … date is established by a note, ‘November 1873 from Godfrey Wedgwood’, added to the letter …
  • … and the year of publication of Candolle 1873 (see n.  4, below). Cecil Wedgwood was …
  • … migrates to Africa for the winter. Candolle 1873, p.  322, discussed whether the migration …

From J. D. Hooker   [1 November 1873]

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Summary

Sends leaves and names by post.

Is writing everywhere for Drosophyllum.

Is deeply interested in Desmodium.

Had no intention of publishing on Nepenthes, the experiments were solely for CD’s "eating". Will continue with egg and raw meat experiments. Asks for advice on how to prove fluid is secreted by the glands.

Searles Wood’s letter is confused and would deny atavism if his principles were accepted.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1 Nov 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 178–80, DAR 209.12: 3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9123

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [1 November 1873] …
  • … 178–80, DAR 209.12: 3 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated [1 Nov 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 October [1873] . …
  • … In 1873, the Saturday following 30 October was 1 November. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 October [1873] . CD had sent Hooker some Eucalyptus and Acacia …
  • … asked what temperature it required (see letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 October [1873] and …
  • … 31 October 1873). See also letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 29 October 1873  and n.  1. CD had requested a specimen of Mimosa albida . …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 26 October [1873] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 23 October [1873] and n.  2. CD …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 October 1873 ). He later reported that his experiments with …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 31 October 1873 . CD had sent Hooker a letter from Searles …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 October [1873] ). Acacia celastrifolia is glowing wattle; …
  • … in his letter to Hooker of 31 October 1873. Hooker had shown Francis Darwin the Desmodium …
  • … letter from Francis Darwin, [26? October 1873] ). CD had asked that Hooker acknowledge his …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 31 October 1873 ). The Philosophical Club was a group of …

From Gerard Krefft   1 November 1873

Summary

Many insects visit Eucalyptus flowers as long as there is pollen to be seen. Asking his colleague, George Masters, to gather insects and flowers at Long Bay for CD.

Observations on wild New Guinea pig in captivity.

Will take CD’s advice to write a book.

Author:  Johann Louis Gerard (Gerard) Krefft
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Nov 1873
Classmark:  DAR 169: 121
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9124

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Gerard Krefft   1 November 1873
  • … Louis Gerard (Gerard) Krefft Australian Museum, Sydney 1 Nov 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the letter to Gerard Krefft, [September 1873] . Krefft refers to Henry Parkes. Krefft had …
  • … See letter to Gerard Krefft, [September 1873] . George Bennett was the first secretary of …
  • … Australian Museum Sydney November 1 st | 1873 My dear Mr Darwin I received your very kind …
  • … marsupials (cuscuses). See also letter from Gerard Krefft, [after 12 July 1873] and n.  7. …
  • … See letter to Gerard Krefft, [September 1873] and n.  5. For more on the politics at the …

From Gerard Krefft   [c. 1 November 1873?]

Summary

Describes the behaviour of a pet donkey and pig.

Author:  Johann Louis Gerard (Gerard) Krefft
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. 1 Nov 1873?]
Classmark:  DAR 169: 115
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8834

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From Gerard Krefft   [ c. 1 November 1873? ] …
  • … 115 Johann Louis Gerard (Gerard) Krefft unstated [c. 1 Nov 1873? ] Charles Robert Darwin …

To Down School Board   [after 29 November 1873]

Summary

CD, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen Frances Lubbock, and S. E. Wedgwood, petition the Board to grant permission for the school hall to be used as a reading room in the evening during winter.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Down School Board
Date:  [after 29 November 1873]
Classmark:  Local Studies Library and Archives, Bromley Central Library (P/123/25/31/2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9122

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Down School Board   [after 29 November 1873] …
  • … P/123/25/31/2) Charles Robert Darwin Down [after 29 November 1873] Down School Board …
  • … Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [3 October 1873] (DAR 258: 583)). Sarah Elizabeth Wedgwood ( …
  • … Horace Darwin, postmarked ‘29 November 1873’, in DAR 258: 585. In that letter, an appeal …
  • … the letter from E.  F.  Lubbock to Emma Darwin, [ c. 29 November 1873] and n.  2. CD was a …
  • … letter to Down School Board, 19 December 1873 , Correspondence vol.  22, letter to Down …
  • … to Horace Darwin, postmarked 29 November 1873 (DAR 258: 585), Emma wrote: ‘We are now …

To Virginius Dabney   3 November 1873

Summary

Thanks VD for information on caterpillars selecting food plants from within one family,

and on similar behaviour in hogs, which will not eat any plants from a family containing some poisonous members.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Virginius Dabney
Date:  3 Nov 1873
Classmark:  University of Virginia Library, Special Collections (MSS 3082-a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9128

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Virginius Dabney   3 November 1873
  • … Special Collections (MSS 3082-a) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Nov 1873 Virginius Dabney …
  • … See letter from Virginius Dabney, 18 October 1873 . …
  • … In his letter of 18 October 1873, Dabney discussed tobacco worms feeding on the tobacco …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Nov 3. 1873 Dear Sir I am much obliged for yr very kind & …

To John Fiske   3 November [1873]

Summary

CD is glad to hear of nature of JF’s work;

proposes that JF call when CD comes to London.

Has read JF’s attack on Agassiz ["Agassiz and Darwinism"] in Popular Science Monthly [3 (1873): 692–705].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Fiske
Date:  3 Nov [1873]
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (FK 1110-1112)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9127

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To John Fiske   3 November [1873] …
  • … The Huntington Library (FK 1110-1112) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Nov [1873] John Fiske …
  • … on Agassiz ["Agassiz and Darwinism"] in Popular Science Monthly [3 (1873): 692–705]. …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from John Fiske, 31 October 1873 . …
  • … Letter from John Fiske, 31 October 1873. Fiske had come to London to complete his …
  • … Fiske 1874; see letter from John Fiske, 31 October 1873 and n.  2). CD stayed with …
  • … at 2 Bryanston Street, London, from 8 to 18 November 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … The lunch took place on 13 November 1873 and is described in J.  S.   Clark 1917, 1: 478– …

To J. D. Hooker   3 November [1873]

Summary

Discusses experiments and observations on pitchers [of Nepenthes]. Suggests procedures for JDH to follow.

Any plant of any family with a terminal or with any lateral leaflets greatly reduced would be interesting to CD for studying spontaneous movements.

Has not received Eucalyptus or Acacia plants from Rollisson.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 Nov [1873]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Garden Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873–8 ff. 2–3 and 39a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9130

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   3 November [1873] …
  • … Correspondence vol. 21, enclosure to letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [1 November 1873] . …
  • … Royal Botanic Garden Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873–8 ff. 2– …
  • … 3 and 39a) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Nov [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [1 November 1873] . Hooker was trying to repeat experiments on …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [1 November 1873] ). CD’s work on Drosera was not published …
  • … see Correspondence vol. 21, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 October [1873] ). CD had …
  • … begun to consult Andrew Clark earlier in 1873 (see Correspondence vol. …
  • … 21, letter to Charles Lyell, 24 September 1873 ). For the list of species names, see …
  • … vol. 21, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] . See Correspondence vol. 21, letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [1 November 1873] and nn.  3 and 4. CD wished to observe leaf …

From T. H. Huxley   3 November 1873

Summary

W. H. Flower is ill and obliged to go off for six months. Wants to return the money Flower contributed to fund for his holiday, asks the amount.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Nov 1873
Classmark:  DAR 166: 329
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9126

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   3 November 1873
  • … DAR 166: 329 Thomas Henry Huxley Athenaeum Club 3 Nov 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to T.  H.  Huxley’s gift, [25 April 1873] and n.  4). Huxley alludes to the biblical story …
  • … Athenæum Club | Pall Mall Nov r . 3 rd . 1873 My dear Darwin You will have heard, (in fact …
  • … to William Henry Flower. Huxley visited Down on 25 and 26 October 1873 (see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 26 October [1873] , and Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). In 1870, Flower had …
  • … by Huxley’s personal friends in April 1873 to relieve his financial problems (see letter …

From Gerard Krefft   3 November 1873

Summary

Letter of introduction for Mr Bradley, an expert on spiders.

Author:  Johann Louis Gerard (Gerard) Krefft
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Nov 1873
Classmark:  DAR 169: 122
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9129

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Gerard Krefft   3 November 1873
  • … Louis Gerard (Gerard) Krefft Australian Museum, Sydney 3 Nov 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Eucalyptus was a dichogamous genus, see the letter to Gerard Krefft, [September 1873] . …
  • … Australian Museum Sydney Novbr 3 1873 Dear Sir The Bearer, whom I should like to introduce …

From J. D. Hooker   4 November 1873

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Summary

Has time only to thank CD for the invaluable hints.

Encloses Lathyrus nissolia seeds.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Nov 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 181
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9132

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   4 November 1873
  • … DAR 103: 181 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 4 Nov 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1873] ). Lathyrus nissolia (grass vetchling; see …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1873] and n.  5). …

To T. H. Huxley   4 November 1873

Summary

Answers THH’s query about W. H. Flower; gives the amount he contributed to the gift. Advises against returning it, even anonymously. Hopes WHF’s health improves.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  4 Nov 1873
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 303)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9131

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   4 November 1873
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 303) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Nov 1873 Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 3 November 1873 . William Henry Flower contributed to …
  • … by Huxley’s personal friends in April 1873 to relieve his financial problems (see letter …
  • … to subscribers to T.  H.  Huxley’s gift, [25 April 1873] and n.  4). See letter …
  • … from T.  H.  Huxley, 3 November 1873  and n.  5. …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Nov 4. 1873 My dear Huxley Your intentions about poor Flower are …

From J. T. Moggridge   4 November 1873

Summary

Formic acid kills seeds but only rarely makes them dormant – as he presumes ants do. He finds great variation in the vigour of individual seeds. Harvester ants, used in place of formic acid, do not affect germination.

Author:  John Traherne Moggridge
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Nov 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 223
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9133

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  T.  Moggridge   4 November 1873
  • … DAR 171: 223 John Traherne Moggridge Mentone 4 Nov 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … retarded the germination of seeds (see letters from J.  T.  Moggridge, 30 July 1873 and …
  • … 22 August 1873). He reported the results of these experiments in Moggridge 1874, pp.  170– …
  • … Mentone | ( Alpes Maritimes | France ) 4 Nov. | 1873 My dear Sir We returned to Mentone on …

To J. D. Hooker   6 November 1873

Summary

Is coming to stay in London and wants to arrange a visit to Kew to talk with JDH, see the Eucalypti, and observe Mimosa albida.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 Nov 1873
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Garden Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873–8 f.4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9135

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   6 November 1873
  • … Royal Botanic Garden Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873–8 f.4) Charles Robert …
  • … Darwin Down 6 Nov 1873 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … vol. 21, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1873] and n.  5, and Movement in plants . …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Nov.  6 1873 My dear Hooker We go to London tomorrow morning to “ …
  • … Buckley Litchfield, from 8 to 18 November 1873 (see Correspondence vol. 21, Appendix II). …

To J. D. Hooker   6 November [1873]

Summary

Suggests experiment and observations to carry out on pitcher [of Nepenthes].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 Nov [1873]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Garden Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873–8 f.5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9134

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   6 November [1873] …
  • … Royal Botanic Garden Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873–8 f.5) Charles Robert …
  • … Darwin Down 6 Nov [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Nepenthes (see Correspondence vol. 21, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1873] ). …

From H. M. Butler to Francis Galton   7 November 1873

Summary

Reports an incident of his "hereditary" habit of dozing, head in hand, such that he scratches his nose.

Author:  Henry Montagu Butler
Addressee:  Francis Galton
Date:  7 Nov 1873
Classmark:  DAR 94: 1c
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9136

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From H.  M.  Butler to Francis Galton   7 November 1873
  • … DAR 94: 1c Henry Montagu Butler Harrow 7 Nov 1873 Francis Galton …

From J. D. Hooker   [8 November 1873]

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Summary

Has had a week’s cessation of Nepenthes work.

Had to get out a paper for the Linnean Society on Thursday.

Has tried Mimosa albida in hothouse and found it wonderfully sensitive.

A military report from India praises his travel book.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [8 Nov 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 184–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9150

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [8 November 1873] …
  • … DAR 103: 184–5 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [8 Nov 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … hints on mountain and jungle warfare (Gawler 1873, p.  3). Leonard Darwin was in Royal …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 November 1873 . …
  • … In 1873, the Saturday following 6 November was 8 November. Hooker refers to Francis …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [9 November 1873] . Hooker had been experimenting on the …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3  November [1873] and n.  2). His paper on the parasitic …
  • … of Prosopanche americana ) was read at the Linnean Society on 6 November 1873 (J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker 1873). For CD’s interest in Mimosa albida , see the letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1873] and n.  5. Hooker’s Himalayan journals (J.   …

To J. D. Hooker   [9 November 1873]

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Summary

Returned from visit.

Thinks several species of Eucalyptus would be worth experimenting on. Sends list.Mimosa albida would be worth its weight in diamonds. Neptunia worth more than diamonds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [9 Nov 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 304–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9146

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [9 November 1873] …
  • … 95: 304–5 Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 [9 Nov 1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 November 1873 , and by the dates of CD’s stay in London ( …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 November 1873 ). For the original list of species, see the …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [1 November 1873] . CD had planned to observe Mimosa albida at …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 November 1873 ). CD was staying with his daughter Henrietta …

To Charles Lyell   [9 November 1873 or 26 April or 6 December 1874]

Summary

Arranges a visit to CL.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell (1st baronet)
Date:  9 Nov 1873 or 26 Apr 1874 or 6 Dec 1874
Classmark:  Wellcome Library (MS.7781/30)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8715

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   [9 November 1873 or 26 April or 6 December 1874] …
  • … Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 9 Nov 1873 26 Apr 1874 6 Dec 1874 Charles Lyell (1st …
  • … CD when he was in London on Monday 10 November 1873 and Friday 4 December 1874. CD was …
  • … the treatment of Andrew Clark (see letter to Charles Lyell, 24 September 1873  and n.  8). …
  • … Street, London, from 8 to 18 November 1873, and then from 21 to 29 April 1874 and 3 to 12  …
  • … could have been written on 9 November 1873 or 26 April or 6 December 1874, all Sundays …

To Edward Frankland   [10 November 1873]

Summary

Requests permission to call upon EF either Friday or Saturday morning [14 or 15 November].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Frankland
Date:  [10 Nov 1873]
Classmark:  The John Rylands Library, the University of Manchester
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9137A

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Edward Frankland   [10 November 1873] …
  • … of Manchester Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 [10 Nov 1873] Edward Frankland …
  • … n.  3, below); the Monday before 15 November 1873, the date of the visit, was 10 November. …
  • … for example, letter from Edward Frankland, 10 October 1873 ). Frankland’s reply has not …
  • … been found, but CD visited him on Saturday 15 November 1873 (see letter to J.   …
  • … S.  Burdon Sanderson, 15 November [1873] ). …
Document type
letter (53)
Date
1873
11
01 (5)
03 (5)
04 (3)
06 (2)
07 (1)
08 (1)
09 (2)
10 (2)
11 (1)
13 (3)
14 (1)
15 (4)
16 (2)
17 (4)
18 (3)
19 (3)
20 (1)
21 (1)
24 (3)
25 (1)
26 (1)
27 (1)
28 (2)
29 (1)
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005 - Charles Darwin to Mary Treat, 12 August 1873 Darwin writes to Treat to …

Science, Work and Manliness

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters In 1859, popular didactic writer William Landels published the first edition of what proved to be one of his best-selling works, How Men Are Made. "It is by work, work, work" he told his middle class audience, …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9157 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
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