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To Frederick Allen’s agent   [October 1873]

Summary

Has heard that Mr Allen wishes to let his house and thinks it probable that it would suit his son [Francis]. Asks whether he may have refusal of it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Agent for Mr Allen
Date:  [Oct 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 157–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9079

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Frederick Allen’s agent   [October 1873] …
  • … DAR 96: 157–8 Charles Robert Darwin unstated [Oct 1873] Agent for Mr Allen …
  • … Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [3 October 1873] (dated by a postmark; DAR 258: 583). In …

From G. H. Darwin   [1 October 1873]

Summary

Discusses his health following a visit to Dr C[lark?]. Has made an appointment for CD.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1 Oct 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 29
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8702

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   [1 October 1873] …
  • … 210.2: 29 George Howard Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 [1 Oct 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … at Trinity College, Cambridge, in October 1873 ( ODNB ). George refers to Erasmus (Ras). …
  • … The visit took place on Wednesday 8 October 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)); the …
  • … in a letter to Horace Darwin, [10 June 1873] (DAR 258: 579), Emma Darwin wrote: ‘D r …

To Karl Marx   1 October 1873

Summary

Thanks KM for gift of his "great work on Capital" [2d German ed. of Das Kapital]. Wishes he understood more of "the deep & important subject of political Economy".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Karl Heinrich (Karl) Marx
Date:  1 Oct 1873
Classmark:  International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam (Karl Marx / Friedrich Engels Papers D. 1013)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9080

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Karl Marx   1 October 1873
  • … Engels Papers D. 1013) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Oct 1873 Karl Heinrich (Karl) Marx …
  • … the second edition of Marx’s Das Kapital (Marx 1873) is in the Darwin Library–Down (later …

From S. W. Moore   [1 October 1873]

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Summary

Information for CD’s use in investigating digestion by Drosera.

Author:  Samuel William Moore
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1 Oct 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9082

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From S.  W.  Moore   [1 October 1873] …
  • … DAR 58.1: 40 Samuel William Moore unstated [1 Oct 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the letter from Francis Darwin, [19 September 1873] . CD had asked Moore to prepare animal …
  • … see letter to Edward Frankland, 21 September [1873] , and Insectivorous plants , pp.  102, …
  • … the preparation are given in Klein et al. 1873, 1: 480–2. In Insectivorous plants , pp.   …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   1 October [1873]

Summary

Hears from Frank [Darwin] that Drosera behaves perversely. Suggests that motor influence may move longitudinally away from the excited glands.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet)
Date:  1 Oct [1873]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia, Woodward Library, Charles Woodward Memorial Room (I.vii)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9081

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   1 October [1873] …
  • … Room (I.vii) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Oct [1873] John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet) …
  • … to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 9 September [1873] . CD had sent Drosera plants to Burdon …
  • … Sanderson (see letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 9 September [1873] ). See …
  • … letter from Francis Darwin, [30 September 1873] . For CD’s experiments on the transmission …

From Emma Wuttke   1 October 1873

Summary

Sends tracing of ancient Egyptian illustration of dogs and cattle.

Author:  Emma Wuttke
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Oct 1873
Classmark:  DAR 181: 189
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9083

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From Emma Wuttke    1 October 1873
  • … DAR 181: 189 Emma Wuttke Leipzig 1 Oct 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …

From G. H. Darwin   [before 3 October 1873]

Summary

Sends CD a draft of a letter to Nature [see 9087], which he thinks expresses CD’s meaning.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 3 Oct 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9084

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   [before 3 October 1873] …
  • … 28 George Howard Darwin New University Club [before 3 Oct 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … between this letter and the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 3 October [1873] . CD had …
  • … published a letter in Nature , 25 September 1873, pp.  431–2, headed ‘On the males and …
  • … see letter to Nature , 20 September [1873]). George’s draft has not been found, but was a …
  • … of organs (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin to Nature , 4 October [1873]). George took …
  • … at Trinity College, Cambridge, in October 1873 ( ODNB ). Leonard Darwin was working at the …
  • … at Down House. Andrew Clark began treating both CD and George in 1873 (see letter from …
  • … Andrew Clark, 3 September 1873 , and letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, [1 October 1873] ). Edmund Langton was George’s cousin. …

To G. H. Darwin   3 October [1873]

Summary

CD thinks GHD’s letter is an excellent clarification [of CD’s conjectural view on the elimination of useless parts in species], but does not want to publish it as his [CD’s] own. Asks GHD to think carefully before he publishes it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  3 Oct [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9085

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   3 October [1873] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 12 Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Oct [1873] George Howard Darwin …
  • … see n.  3, below). See letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [before 3 October 1873] . CD had …
  • … published a letter in Nature , 25 September 1873, pp.  431–2, headed ‘On the males and …
  • … see letter to Nature , 20 September [1873]). George had drafted a clarification of CD’s …
  • … see letter to Nature from G.  H.  Darwin, 4 October [1873]); George’s letter was published …
  • … in the issue of 16 October 1873. The second part of CD’s letter in Nature (see n.  2, …
  • … residence at Trinity College in October 1873 ( ODNB ). Both George and his cousin Edmund …
  • … Clark about their health (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [before 3 October 1873] ). …

From S. W. Moore   3 October 1873

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Summary

Sends formula for pure pepsin for experiments on digestion of Drosera, and information on legumin. Will send chlorophyll soon.

Author:  Samuel William Moore
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Oct 1873
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 41–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9086

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From S.  W.  Moore   3 October 1873
  • … 58.1: 41–2 Samuel William Moore London, Brixton Rd, 113 3 Oct 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the letter from S.  W.  Moore, [1 October 1873]. See, for example, Variation 2: 7–24. In …
  • … dilute hydrochloric acid (see Klein et al. 1873, 1: 484). In Insectivorous plants , p.   …

From G. H. Darwin to Nature   4 October [1873]

Summary

Sends, with CD’s approval, a clarification of CD’s explanation of how useless organs might diminish [see 9061]. Using Quetelet’s law of normal distribution GHD shows how horns of cattle, having become useless, would gradually diminish and finally disappear.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  4 Oct [1873]
Classmark:  Nature, 16 October 1873, p. 505
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9087

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin to Nature    4 October [1873] …
  • … Nature , 16 October 1873, p.   …
  • … 505 George Howard Darwin Down 4 Oct [1873] Nature …
  • … is established by the fact that this letter was published in Nature , 16 October 1873. …
  • … See letter to Nature , 20 September [1873]. See letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, [before 3 October 1873] , and letter to G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, 3 October [1873] . George refers to Adolphe Quetelet and Quetelet 1869, 1: …

From G. H. Darwin   5 October 1873

Summary

Has decided to send the letter ["Variation of organs", Nature 8 (1873): 505].

Writes of his poor health and problems of settling in at Trinity.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Oct 1873
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9088

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   5 October 1873
  • … 210.2: 30 George Howard Darwin Trinity College, Cambridge 5 Oct 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the letter ["Variation of organs", Nature 8 (1873): 505]. Writes of his poor health and …
  • … organs (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin to Nature , 4 October [1873] and nn.  2 and 3). …
  • … Trinity College, Cambridge, in October 1873 ( ODNB ). Horace Darwin was an undergraduate …
  • … to the south of France for their health in January 1873 (letter from G.  H.  Darwin …
  • … house in Down for Francis Darwin (see letter to Frederick Allen’s agent, [October 1873] ). …
  • … to H.  E.  Litchfield, 25 January 1873 (DAR 210.2: 24)). George was following the dietary …
  • … see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [1 October 1873] and n.  2). Gyp-room: a room where the …
  • … was printed in the Proceedings (Goodman 1873); the abstract mentioned that corpuscles were …
  • … in a letter in Chemical News , 23 May 1873, p.  255. Henry Fisher Cox of the Examiner , a …

From J. D. Hooker   6 October 1873

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Summary

Mimosa prostrata, described by John Lindley as M. marginata, native of Brazil.

Who supplies CD with distilled water and chemicals?

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Oct 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 169–70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9089

Matches: 8 hits

  • … W.  Moore, 3 October 1873 ). …
  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   6 October 1873
  • … DAR 103: 169–70 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 6 Oct 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Royal Gardens Kew Oct r . 6. 1873 My dear Darwin Mimosa prostrata is only a name from the …
  • … CD had been working on Mimosa since at least August 1873 (see letter to …
  • … Francis Darwin, 15 August [1873] and n.  10). CD described the movements of M.  marginata …
  • … Moore (see, for example, letter to W.  W.  Baxter, 4 September 1873 , letter from Edward …
  • … Frankland, 27 September 1873 , and letter from S.   …

To Edward Frankland   7 October [1873]

Summary

Requests a piece of the most sensitive litmus paper in order to test the secretions of minute hairs of plants which catch minute flies. [See 9098.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Frankland
Date:  7 Oct [1873]
Classmark:  The John Rylands Library, the University of Manchester
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9090A

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Edward Frankland   7 October [1873] …
  • … the University of Manchester Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 Oct [1873] Edward Frankland …
  • … the letter to Edward Frankland, 29 September 1873 . CD had asked Frankland to analyse the …
  • … letter to Edward Frankland, 29 September 1873 ). CD usually ordered litmus paper from his …

From S. W. Moore   7 October 1873

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Summary

Thanks CD for copies of his books.

Sends chlorophyll extract [for CD’s work on Drosera digestion].

Author:  Samuel William Moore
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Oct 1873
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 43
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9090

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From S.  W.  Moore   7 October 1873
  • … DAR 58.1: 43 Samuel William Moore London, Brixton Rd, 113 7 Oct 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … CD’s work on insectivorous plants (see letters from S.  W.  Moore, [1 October 1873] and …
  • … 3 October 1873). See letter from S.   …
  • … W.  Moore, 3 October 1873 . CD credited Moore with sending him chlorophyll, and described …

From Ernst Haeckel   8 October 1873

Summary

On CD’s paper ["Complemental males of certain cirripedes", Collected papers 2: 177–82].

Comments on paper by W. H. Dallinger and J. J. Drysdale ["Life history of a Cercomonad", Mon. Microsc. J. 10 (1873): 53–8].

Discusses origin of life, the Gastraea theory and concept that primary germ layers are homologous in all animals. Notes similar views of E. Ray Lankester ["On the primitive cell-layers of the embryo", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 4th ser. 11 (1873): 321–38].

Reception of Darwinism in Germany.

Author:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Oct 1873
Classmark:  DAR 166: 61
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9091

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Ernst Haeckel    8 October 1873
  • … DAR 166: 61 Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel Jena 8 Oct 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 4th ser. 11 (1873): 321–38]. Reception of Darwinism in Germany. …
  • … history of a Cercomonad", Mon. Microsc. J. 10 (1873): 53–8]. Discusses origin of life, the …
  • … original German, see pp.  441–3. See letter to Ernst Haeckel, 25 September 1873 . CD had …
  • … a letter in Nature , 25 September 1873, p.  42, headed ‘On the males and complemental …
  • … and on rudimentary structures’ (see letter to Nature , 20 September [1873]). Haeckel …
  • … also refers to Dallinger and Drysdale 1873 (‘A lesson in biogenesis’). In Haeckel 1866, 2: …
  • … and Magaz.  of nat.  hist. No 65. Mai 1873 “On the primitive Cell-layers of the Embryo” …
  • … and Magaz.  of nat.  hist.  no.  65 May 1873, “On the primitive cell-layers of the embryo” …
  • … sterile water (Dallinger and Drysdale 1873, pp.  57–8). Monera, a taxon of unicellular …
  • … the English translation was dated 24 June 1873. The term gastrula (an embryo at the stage …

To Alexander Bain   9 October 1873

Summary

Thanks AB for his review of Expression [May 1873, in The senses and the intellect, 3d ed. (1874), pp. 697–714]. Admits vagueness of some points. Has never grasped AB’s principle of spontaneity. But, as they look at everything so differently, it is not likely that they should agree closely.

A recent review by T. S. Baynes, [Edinburgh Rev. 137 (1873): 492–528] is "magnificently contemptuous" toward CD and many others.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alexander Bain
Date:  9 Oct 1873
Classmark:  DAR 143: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9092

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To Alexander Bain   9 October 1873
  • … DAR 143: 27 Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Oct 1873 Alexander Bain …
  • … AB for his review of Expression [May 1873, in The senses and the intellect , 3d ed. ( …
  • … by T. S. Baynes, [ Edinburgh Rev. 137 (1873): 492–528] is "magnificently contemptuous" …
  • … Down Beckenham Oct.  9. 1873 My dear Sir I am particularly obliged to you for having sent …
  • … s Review of ‘Darwin on expression’ (Bain 1873), inscribed, ‘With the author’s respects and …
  • … cited Bain in Descent and Expression. In Bain 1873, p.  698, Bain had commented that CD’s …
  • … his theory of blushing was ‘one of the happiest suggestions in the book’ (Bain 1873, p.   …
  • … 712). [Baynes] 1873 criticised CD, Thomas Henry Huxley, John Tyndall, and Herbert Spencer. …
  • … letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] . CD stayed at the hydropathic establishment at …
  • … See also Expression , pp.  8–9. In Bain 1873, p.  699, Bain wrote, ‘By Spontaneity, I …

To Francis Darwin   10 October 1873

Summary

Asks for details about microscope parts.

Wants FD to ask Hooker for species of Desmodium; CD believes he has found new movements.

Also ask whether Hooker has Drosophyllum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  10 Oct 1873
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873-8 f.1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9095

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To Francis Darwin   10 October 1873
  • … Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873-8 f.1) Charles Robert …
  • … Darwin Down 10 Oct 1873 Francis Darwin …
  • … but there is no record of one sent in 1873 (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Outwards book ). …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Oct 10. 1873 You had better take this note to Kew and read to …
  • … a microscope from the German maker, Edmund Hartnack, in June 1873 (see Correspondence vol. …
  • … from Francis Darwin, [before 26 June 1873] ). Nouveau petite modèle : new small model ( …
  • … from Francis Darwin, [before 26 June 1873] ). In his Classed account books (Down House …
  • … of £16 8 s. for ‘Hartnack &c’ on 26 June 1873. CD discussed the movements of Desmodium …
  • … from Francis Darwin, [before 26 June 1873] ). Immersion lenses were designed to view …

From Edward Frankland   10 October 1873

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Summary

The results of EF’s tests for acids in the secretion of Drosera are largely negative [see Insectivorous plants, p. 88].

Author:  Edward Frankland
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Oct 1873
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 44–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9094

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Edward Frankland   10 October 1873
  • … 58.1: 44–6 Edward Frankland London, Lancaster Gate, 14 10 Oct 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … CD had requested sensitive litmus paper in his letter to Frankland of 7 October [1873]. …
  • … see letter to Edward Frankland, 12 July 1873 ). He had sent Frankland the washings of some …
  • … letter to Edward Frankland, 29 September 1873 ). CD cited Frankland for the information in …

To W. H. Leggett   10 October [1873]

Summary

Has not seen number of Botanical Bulletin with account of Apocynum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Henry Leggett
Date:  10 Oct [1873]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9093

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To W.  H.  Leggett   10 October [1873] …
  • … Finney Cox Collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Oct [1873] William Henry Leggett …
  • … was editor, between October 1872 and June 1873 (Leggett 1872–3). The Torrey Botanical Club …

From Francis Darwin   [11 October 1873]

Summary

Has got a cold, so will not go to Kew. Wrote to Hartnack about price of microscopes and describes own model. Told Hooker about Tisley Spiller’s microscope in Paris.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [11 Oct 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9095F

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [11 October 1873] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 9 Francis Darwin London [11 Oct 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … s microscopes ( Chemical News , 5 December 1873, p.  iv). Erasmus Alvey Darwin. Some notes …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter to Francis Darwin, 10 October 1873 . …
  • … In 1873, the Saturday following 10 October was 11 October. CD had included questions …
  • … Kew, in his letter to Francis of 10 October 1873. Joseph Dalton Hooker was director of the …
  • … s microscopes, in his letter of 10 October 1873. Francis refers to Edward Emanuel Klein. …
Document type
letter (53)
Date
1873
10
01 (6)
03 (3)
04 (1)
05 (1)
06 (1)
07 (2)
08 (1)
09 (1)
10 (3)
11 (1)
12 (1)
13 (1)
15 (1)
16 (3)
18 (4)
19 (1)
20 (5)
21 (2)
22 (1)
23 (3)
24 (1)
25 (2)
26 (2)
29 (1)
30 (2)
31 (3)
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005 - Charles Darwin to Mary Treat, 12 August 1873 Darwin writes to Treat to …

Science, Work and Manliness

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters In 1859, popular didactic writer William Landels published the first edition of what proved to be one of his best-selling works, How Men Are Made. "It is by work, work, work" he told his middle class audience, …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9157 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
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