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From J. D. Hooker   [September 1873]

Summary

Abstracts literature on sensitive plants (Linnaeus, L. P. Cailletet, W. R. McNab).

The Mimosa at Down is M. pudica.

Dichogamy in Eucalyptus difficult to decide, but Thiselton-Dyer thinks there is some protandry.

[Letter is in W. T. Thiselton-Dyer’s hand.]

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Sept 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 209.6: 205
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9038

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [September 1873] …
  • … DAR 209.6: 205 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [Sept 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …

To Gerard Krefft   [September 1873]

Summary

Thanks for observations on worm-castings and for JLGK’s amusing letter.

Wants to know whether species of Eucalyptus are dichogamous. [The P.S. on Eucalyptus may be part of another letter to another correspondent.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Louis Gerard (Gerard) Krefft
Date:  [Sept 1873]
Classmark:  Mitchell Library, Sydney (MLMSS 5828); postscript Smithsonian Institution Libraries (Special Collections, Dibner Library MSS 405 A. Gift of the Burndy Library)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9037

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Gerard Krefft   [September 1873] …
  • … Burndy Library) Charles Robert Darwin Down [Sept 1873] Johann Louis Gerard (Gerard) Krefft …
  • … see letter from Gerard Krefft, 8 August 1873  and n.  4). Krefft did not publish such a …
  • … premier of the Australian parliament (see letter from Gerard Krefft, 1 November 1873 ). …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letters from Gerard Krefft, 8 August 1873 and …
  • … 1 November 1873. …
  • … On 26 August 1873, CD had become unwell with a partial loss of memory for twelve hours …
  • … article ‘Savages, fossil and recent’ (Krefft 1873), which was being published in parts in …
  • … Sydney Mail (see letter from Gerard Krefft, 8 August 1873  and nn.  1 and 6). Krefft had …

To W. D. Fox   1 September [1873]

Summary

Has been in bed for some days with ugly head symptoms. "We are a poor lot."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  1 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (Fox 152)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9040

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To W.  D.  Fox   1 September [1873] …
  • … Library, Cambridge (Fox 152) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Sept [1873] William Darwin Fox …
  • … season starts on 1 September. In April 1873, George Howard Darwin’s ill health had forced …
  • … Emma Darwin to H.  E.  Litchfield, [24] April 1873 (DAR 219.9: 101), and the letter from …
  • … Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [25 April 1873] (DAR 258: 574)). …
  • … of memory and ‘sinking fits’ on 26 August 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). See letter …
  • … from W.  D.  Fox, 22 August [1873] . CD and Fox went shooting together when they were …

To Theodor Gomperz   1 September [1873]

Summary

Will reread and consider TG’s letter when his health improves.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Theodor Gomperz
Date:  1 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  Cedric Hausherr (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9039

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Theodor Gomperz   1 September [1873] …
  • … Hausherr (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Sept [1873] Theodor Gomperz …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter from Theodor Gomperz, 25 August 1873 . See …
  • … letter from Theodor Gomperz, 25 August 1873 . CD had fallen ill with …
  • … loss of memory and ‘sinking fits’ on 26 August 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … See letter from Theodor Gomperz, 25 August 1873  and n.  4. …

From Andrew Clark   3 September 1873

Summary

Diagnosis of CD’s illness; prescribed diet.

Author:  Andrew Clark (1st baronet)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Sept 1873
Classmark:  DAR 161: 151
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9041

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Andrew Clark   3 September 1873
  • … Andrew Clark (1st baronet) London, Cavendish Square, 16 3 Sept 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 16, Cavendish Square. W. 3 Sep: 1873 My dear M r . Darwin I thank you exceedingly for your …
  • … Darwin to H.  E.  Litchfield, [2 September 1873] (DAR 219.9: 105); Emma Darwin (1904) 2: …
  • … 14 s. (fourteen guineas) on 1 September 1873 (CD’s Classed account books (Down House MS)). …

To W. W. Baxter   4 September 1873

Summary

Orders list of chemical salts. Ashamed to order from Hopkins and Williams because they charge him such an extremely low rate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter
Date:  4 Sept 1873
Classmark:  Baird & Tatlock Ltd (n.d.) (dealers)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9042

Matches: 5 hits

  • … plants , pp.  174–6). See also letter to Francis Darwin, [ 4 September 1873] . …
  • … To W.  W.  Baxter   4 September 1873
  • … Ltd (n.d. ) (dealers) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Sept 1873 William Walmisley Baxter …
  • … Hopkin and Williams £1 2 s .  on 14 August 1873. The enclosure has not been found. It was …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Sep 4. 1873 Dear Sir I want to beg some assistance from you. I …

To Francis Darwin   [4 September 1873]

Summary

Asks FD to bring any book that gives the affinities of the various earths, alkalis and metals.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [4 Sept 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 271.9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9040F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Francis Darwin   [4 September 1873] …
  • … DAR 271.9 Charles Robert Darwin [4 Sept 1873] Francis Darwin …
  • … sundew) between June and October 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). In Insectivorous …

To W. W. Baxter   5 September [1873]

Summary

Orders salts of various metals; thinks chlorides (where soluble) would be better than nitrates.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter
Date:  5 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (431)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9043

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To W.  W.  Baxter   5 September [1873] …
  • … Society (431) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Sept [1873] William Walmisley Baxter …
  • … tincture of cayenne in brandy (see letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 22 January 1873  and n.  4). …
  • … this letter and the letter to W.  W.  Baxter, 4 September 1873 . See letter to W.   …
  • … W.  Baxter, 4 September 1873 . Silver nitrate was necessary because silver chloride is …

From Gerard Krefft   6 September 1873

Summary

Proud of CD’s good opinion of him. He worked in a merchant’s office in Germany for many years. Emigrated to Australia as a gold-digger and took up natural history after he was 30.

Author:  Johann Louis Gerard (Gerard) Krefft
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Sept 1873
Classmark:  DAR 169: 120
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9044

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Gerard Krefft   6 September 1873
  • … Louis Gerard (Gerard) Krefft Australian Museum, Sydney 6 Sept 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter to Gerard Krefft, 17 February 1873 ). Krefft refers to his son Rudolf. Krefft …
  • … Australian Museum Sydney Septbr 6/ 1873 Dear Mr Darwin I thank you for your last letter …

To James Crichton-Browne   7 September [1873]

Summary

Thanks JC-B for volume of Asylum reports and paper on epilepsy. Seems clear from reports that physiology of brain will soon be largely understood.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  7 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 345
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9045

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To James Crichton-Browne   7 September [1873] …
  • … DAR 143: 345 Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 Sept [1873] James Crichton-Browne …
  • … of amyl in epilepsy (Crichton-Browne 1873), also in the third volume of the West Riding …
  • … letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 . Crichton-Browne had evidently sent CD …
  • … was cerebral physiology and it had been published in July 1873 (see letter from James …
  • … Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873  and n.  2). He was the founder and editor of the West …

To W. W. Baxter   8 September [1873]

Summary

Requests chemicals for Drosera experiments. Lists 12 acids tried so far.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter
Date:  8 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 261.11: 6 (EH 88206058)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9046

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To W.  W.  Baxter   8 September [1873] …
  • … 261.11: 6 (EH 88206058) Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Sept [1873] William Walmisley Baxter …
  • … letter to W.  W.  Baxter, 5 September [1873] . CD’s experiments on the effects of salts on …

To T. F. Cheeseman   9 September [1873]

Summary

Thanks TFC for his extremely interesting paper ["On the fertilisation of the New Zealand species of Pterostyles", Trans. & Proc. N. Z. Inst. 5 (1872): 352–7]. Has no doubt his explanation [of the fertilisation mechanism] is correct. The case is analogous to that of the Cypripedium though TFC’s case is much more curious.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Frederick Cheeseman
Date:  9 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  Auckland War Memorial Museum Library - Tāmaki Paenga Hira (T. F. Cheeseman Papers MS-58)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9048

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To T.  F.  Cheeseman   9 September [1873] …
  • … Papers MS-58) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Sept [1873] Thomas Frederick Cheeseman …
  • … and the letter from T.  F.  Cheeseman, 27 June 1873 . Cheeseman had sent CD a copy of his …
  • … letter from T.  F.  Cheeseman, 27 June 1873  and nn.  1 and 3. CD had originally suggested …
  • … the anthers and stigma (see H.  Müller 1873, p.  76). Cheeseman observed that the labellum …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   9 September [1873]

Summary

Pleased JSBS has decided to work on Drosera; sends plants. Does not know whether thermo-electric pile could detect temperature change when leaves close.

CD’s experiment with very weak hydrochloric acid repeated with success: the plants digest albumen more quickly.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet)
Date:  9 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia, Woodward Library, Charles Woodward Memorial Room (I.xiv)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9047

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   9 September [1873] …
  • … I.xiv) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Sept [1873] John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet) …
  • … was director. See also letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 27 August 1873  and n.  3. …
  • … to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 27 August 1873 . CD had asked Burdon Sanderson to investigate …
  • … muscipula (Venus fly trap; see letters to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 15 August 1873 and …
  • … 27 August 1873). See letter from J.   …
  • … S.  Burdon Sanderson, 13 August [1873] and n.  7. Sanderson did not report experiments …
  • … leaf of Dionaea in his letter of 15 August 1873. Francis Darwin lived with CD’s brother, …
  • … arrived at Down on Saturday 13 September 1873. As part of his medical training, Francis …

From M. D. Conway   10 September [1873]

Summary

Comparative study of "ethnical scriptures" shows that natural selection has operated in the evolution of religion.

Author:  Moncure Daniel Conway
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 161: 220
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9049

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From M.  D.  Conway   10 September [1873] …
  • … DAR 161: 220 Moncure Daniel Conway Bayswater 10 Sept [1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Descent 2d ed. , pp.  88–9 nn.  62 and 63. In 1873, Max Müller also published Introduction …
  • … letter to M.  D.  Conway, 12 September [1873] ); it was probably section 424, drawn from a …
  • … in the New York Tribune , 23 August 1873, p.  2. CD had argued that the evolution of the …
  • … of language’, in March and April 1873 (Max Müller 1873a). CD’s annotated copies, sent …
  • … see letter to Friedrich Max Müller, 3 July 1873 ), are in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection– …

From W. S. Wade   11 September 1873

Summary

Reports case of a man with an eyelid abnormality that apparently was acquired in infancy but was inherited by his children.

Author:  William Swift Wade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Sept 1873
Classmark:  DAR 181: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9050

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From W.  S.  Wade   11 September 1873
  • … DAR 181: 1 William Swift Wade Wakefield 11 Sept 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … York Street, Wakefield Sept r 11 th 1873. Sir I recently attended a case of Typhoid Fever …

To M. D. Conway   12 September [1873]

Summary

Thanks for strange debate, which CD returns. Principle of evolution has first-rate supporters in [Edward Sylvester?] Morse and Theodore Nicholas Gill.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Moncure Daniel Conway
Date:  12 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9051

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To M.  D.  Conway   12 September [1873] …
  • … Finney Cox Collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Sept [1873] Moncure Daniel Conway …
  • … letter and the letter from M.  D.  Conway, 10 September [1873] ). See letter from M.   …
  • … D.  Conway, 10 September [1873] . See letter from M.   …
  • … D.  Conway, 10 September [1873] and n.  2. George Clinton Swallow had challenged CD’s …
  • … letter from M.  D.  Conway, 10 September [1873] and n.  4); in the discussion following …
  • … had defended CD’s arguments (see New York Tribune , 23 August 1873, p.  2). Emma Darwin’ …
  • … that Henry Willey, CD’s physician, visited on 5 September 1873. See letter from M.   …
  • … D.  Conway, 10 September [1873] and n.  2. Conway’s book was published under the title …

From James Crichton-Browne   12 September 1873

Summary

Thanks CD for his praise of West Riding Asylum Medical Reports.

Hopes CD will come to Asylum if he attends BAAS meeting at Bradford.

Author:  James Crichton-Browne
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Sept 1873
Classmark:  DAR 161: 320
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9053

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From James Crichton-Browne   12 September 1873
  • … 320 James Crichton-Browne West Riding Asylum, Wakefield 12 Sept 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to James Crichton-Browne, 7 September [1873] and n.  2. Crichton-Browne had evidently sent …
  • … Yorkshire, from 17 to 24 September 1873 ( Report of the 43rd meeting of the British …
  • … Association for the Advancement of Science, held at Bradford (1873), p.  lxix). …
  • … Riding Asylum, | Wakefield. 12 th . Sept.  1873. My dear Sir, I have just returned from …

To J. D. Hooker   12 September [1873]

thumbnail

Summary

Thanks JDH and Thiselton-Dyer for useful information.

Is surprised Mimosa albida is not sensitive to water. Asks that they try again, or lend it to him.

Remembers a walk in Brazil in great bed of Mimosa.

After JDH left, CD was very bad, with much loss of memory and severe shocks continually passing through his brain.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 274–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9052

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   12 September [1873] …
  • … DAR 95: 274–6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Sept [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker ‘/73’ …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 30 August 1873  and n.  6. The marjoram was one of three …
  • … had identified (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 30 August 1873  and n.  1). See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 30 August 1873 . CD was carrying out a series of experiments …
  • … see letter to Francis Darwin, 15 August [1873] and n.  10). Orpington Station was the …
  • … railway station to Down. Hooker had visited Down on 23 August 1873, and CD had fallen …
  • … ill on 26 August 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). See letter to J.   …
  • … S.  Burdon Sanderson, 27 August 1873  and n.  3. Charles Paget Hooker’s note, forwarded by …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   13 September [1873]

Summary

Thanks JSBS for telegraphing his results, which seem very remarkable; feels he should now try Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet)
Date:  13 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia, Woodward Library, Charles Woodward Memorial Room (I.xv)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9055

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   13 September [1873] …
  • … I.xv) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 Sept [1873] John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet) …
  • … to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 9 September [1873] . Burdon Sanderson’s telegraph has not …
  • … he recorded in his diary for 12 September 1873, ‘Work at Electrical phenomena of Dionaea— …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   14 September [1873]

Summary

Very pleased at JSBS’s discovery ["On the electrical phenomena which accompany the contractions of the leaf of Dionaea muscipula", Rep. BAAS 43 (1873): 133].

Asks for pure animal substances [proteins] for Drosera experiments. His other sources have been T. L. Brunton, Edward Frankland, W. A. Miller (now dead), and Hoffmann of Berlin [A. W. von Hofmann?].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet)
Date:  14 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia, Woodward Library, Charles Woodward Memorial Room (I.ix)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9056

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   14 September [1873] …
  • … I.ix) Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 Sept [1873] John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet) …
  • … leaf of Dionaea muscipula ", Rep. BAAS 43 (1873): 133]. Asks for pure animal substances [ …
  • … to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 13 September [1873] . Francis Darwin was a medical student at …
  • … held at Bradford from 17 to 24 September 1873 ( Report of the 43rd meeting of the British …
  • … for the Advancement of Science, held at Bradford (1873), p.  lxix). The paper has not been …
  • … Its digestibility had been reported in Klein et al. 1873, 1: 486–7. Thomas Lauder Brunton. …
  • … letter from Edward Frankland, 17 July 1873 ). August Wilhelm von Hofmann, his predecessor …
Document type
letter (52)
Date
1873
09
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23 (3)
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

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  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

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  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

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  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

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  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005 - Charles Darwin to Mary Treat, 12 August 1873 Darwin writes to Treat to …

Science, Work and Manliness

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters In 1859, popular didactic writer William Landels published the first edition of what proved to be one of his best-selling works, How Men Are Made. "It is by work, work, work" he told his middle class audience, …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9157 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
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