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From C. L. Brace   [August? 1873]

Summary

Reports that the ability to move ears is common among the Sioux.

Author:  Charles Loring Brace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Aug? 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 273 (fragile letters)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8717

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From C.  L.  Brace   [August? 1873] …
  • … 160: 273 (fragile letters) Charles Loring Brace unstated [Aug? 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Harvard University with effect from the end of July 1873 (J.  L.  Gray 1893, 2: 640, 643). …

From F. J. Wedgwood   [August–September? 1873]

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Summary

Notes criticising Max Müller’s views on language and Darwinism.

Author:  Frances Julia (Snow) Wedgwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Aug–Sept? 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 87: 87–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8994

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From F.  J.  Wedgwood   [August–September? 1873] …
  • … DAR 87: 87–9 Frances Julia (Snow) Wedgwood unstated [Aug–Sept? 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …

From Thomas Belt   2 August 1873

Summary

Sends extracts, from his forthcoming book [The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)], about the secretion by plants of honey to attract the protection of ants. Invites CD’s comments.

Author:  Thomas Belt
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Aug 1873
Classmark:  DAR 160: 128
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8995

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Thomas Belt   2 August 1873
  • … DAR 160: 128 Thomas Belt Blaydon-on-Tyne 2 Aug 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … behaviour to Nature (see second letter to Nature , [before 3 April 1873], and letter to …
  • … Nature , [before 24 July 1873]). Belt refers to the genus Eciton (a type of army ant). …
  • … 222–9. Belt 1874 was published by John Murray in December 1873 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 18 December 1873, p.  1062). Belt described hairless dogs in Belt 1874, pp.  205–9, and …
  • … Ryton, Blaydon-on-Tyne Augt 2 1873 My Dear Sir, I am taking the liberty to enclose for …

To J. V. Carus   2 August [1873]

Summary

Regrets he cannot receive JVC at Down on Monday as he would then be too unwell to travel on Tuesday, when he must leave for a visit [to Abinger Hall, according to the Journal].

Has been working hard on Drosera and Dionaea. His next book will be on these plants and not, as he had intended, "On evil effects of Inter breeding".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  2 Aug [1873]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin–Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859 Charles, Drwin, Bl. 106–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8996

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   2 August [1873] …
  • … 1859 Charles, Drwin, Bl. 106–7 Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Aug [1873] Julius Victor Carus …
  • … letter and the letter from J.  V.  Carus, [before 8 May 1873] . CD visited Thomas Henry …
  • … Katherine Euphemia Farrer from 5 to 9 August 1873 and then visited William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … August (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). In 1873, 5 August fell on Tuesday. It is not known …
  • … natural history (see letter from J.  V.  Carus, [before 8 May 1873] and nn.  3 and 5). See …
  • … letter to J.  V.  Carus, 8 May [1873] . CD had resumed his work on …
  • … plant, in August 1872 but stopped in January 1873 to prepare a new edition of …
  • … plants ; between February and June 1873 he worked on the ‘evil effects of intercrossing’ ( …

To G. H. Darwin   2 August [1873]

Summary

Thinks highly of GHD’s article [probably "On beneficial restrictions to liberty of marriage", Contemp. Rev. 22 (1873): 412–26]. A good omen for the future.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  2 Aug [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8997

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   2 August [1873] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 11 Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Aug [1873] George Howard Darwin …
  • … to liberty of marriage", Contemp. Rev. 22 (1873): 412–26]. A good omen for the future. …
  • … Darwin 1873b), was published in Contemporary Review , August 1873. Erasmus Alvey Darwin. …

From J. D. Hooker   3 August 1873

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Summary

Returned last night. Huxley, left at Baden Baden, remarkably well.

Would like to come to Down with Strachey.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Aug 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 159
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8999

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   3 August 1873
  • … DAR 103: 159 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 3 Aug 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … visit to France and Germany in July 1873. They arrived in Baden Baden, a spa town in …
  • … L.  Huxley ed.  1900, 1: 390–5. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 31 July [1873] and n.  3. …
  • … Hooker visited Down on Saturday 23 August 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Orpington …

To J. D. Hooker   4 August [1873]

Summary

Starts tomorrow for visit to Farrer and Effie [Euphemia Farrer, daughter of Hensleigh Wedgwood]. Has not done such a feat [i.e., staying as a guest of someone outside the immediate family?] for 25 years.

Has been half killing himself with Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Aug [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 268–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9000

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   4 August [1873] …
  • … DAR 94: 268–9 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Aug [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 August 1873  and n.  1). CD had resumed his experiments …
  • … from mid-June (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II) and letter to J.  V.  Carus, 2 August [1873] ). …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 August 1873 . CD visited Thomas Henry …
  • … Euphemia (Effie) Farrer from 5 to 9 August 1873; he visited William Erasmus Darwin from 9  …
  • … Strachey and Hooker visited Down on 23 August 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Hooker …

To Thomas Belt   [7 August 1873]

Summary

Discusses utility of plant secretions to ants.

Will read TB’s book when published [The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Belt
Date:  [7 Aug 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8998

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Thomas Belt   [7 August 1873] …
  • … DAR 143: 78 Charles Robert Darwin Abinger Hall [7 Aug 1873] Thomas Belt …
  • … Henry and Katherine Euphemia Farrer, from 5 to 9 August 1873 (‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … See letter from Thomas Belt, 2 August 1873  and n.  2. CD refers to Belt 1874. …
  • … between this letter and the letter from Thomas Belt, 2 August 1873 ; the first Thursday …
  • … after 2 August 1873 was 7 August. …
  • … See letter from Thomas Belt, 2 August 1873 . Prunus laurocerasus is now known as the …

From J. O. W. Haweis   8 August [1873]

Summary

On inheritance of gesture.

Author:  John Oliver Willyams Haweis
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Aug [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 166: 120
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9001

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From J.  O.  W.  Haweis   8 August [1873] …
  • … DAR 166: 120 John Oliver Willyams Haweis Crawley 8 Aug [1873] Charles Robert Darwin …

From Gerard Krefft   8 August 1873

Summary

Sends paper to be published in Sydney Mail on primitive man.

Sends lists of earth [castings] made by worms [see Earthworms, p. 127],

and a catalogue of Australian Lepidoptera.

Author:  Johann Louis Gerard (Gerard) Krefft
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Aug 1873
Classmark:  DAR 169: 119
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9002

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Gerard Krefft   8 August 1873
  • … Louis Gerard (Gerard) Krefft Australian Museum, Sydney 8 Aug 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … recent’, which appeared in the Sydney Mail on 19 and 26 July and 2 and 16 August 1873 ( …
  • … Krefft 1873). John Fairfax purchased the Sydney Herald with a partner in 1841, becoming …
  • … of the museum, George Masters (Masters 1873). William Sweetland Dallas translated Ludwig …
  • … Australian Museum Sydney August 8 1873 Dear Mr Darwin I enclose a paper (not finished) …
  • … c Translation by Dallas p 342 Sydney Aug 8 1873 Gerard Krefft Top of letter : ‘Earth | …
  • … 2d ed. , pp.  432–6). In his letter of 12 July [1873], CD had asked for information about …

To Frank Chance   10 August [1873]

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Summary

Thanks [FC] for his letter concerning a pony changing colour during the winter,

and remarks on the erection of human body hair, goose-skin, and the influence of colour and temperature on skin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frank Chance
Date:  10 Aug [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 139
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9003F

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Frank Chance   10 August [1873] …
  • … Expression , p.  101 and n.  19. See letter from Frank Chance, 31 July – 7 August 1873 . …
  • … DAR 185: 139 Charles Robert Darwin [Bassett] Down letterhead 10 Aug [1873] Frank Chance …
  • … between this letter and the letter from Frank Chance, 31 July – 7 August 1873 . See letter …
  • … from Frank Chance, 31 July – 7 August 1873 . CD visited William Erasmus …
  • … Darwin in Basset, Southampton, from 9 to 21 August 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). See …

To T. H. Farrer   10 August [1873]

Summary

Asks THF to examine old flowers of Coronilla for holes bored by bees.

Is investigating whether drops of water injure leaves.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer (1st Baron Farrer)
Date:  10 Aug [1873]
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (Farrer 20)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9003

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Farrer   10 August [1873] …
  • … 20) Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 10 Aug [1873] Thomas Henry Farrer (1st Baron Farrer) …
  • … Euphemia Farrer at Abinger Hall from 5 to 9 August 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … and the letter from T.  H.  Farrer, 12 August 1873 . Farrer was investigating the floral …

From Raphael Meldola   11 August 1873

Summary

Encloses a copy of his paper on mimicry [Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. (1873): 153–61].

Asks whether large variations are more often limited to one sex than slight ones.

Author:  Raphael Meldola
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Aug 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 120
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9004

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Raphael Meldola   11 August 1873
  • … DAR 171: 120 Raphael Meldola London, John St, 21 11 Aug 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … paper on mimicry [ Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. (1873): 153–61]. Asks whether large variations …
  • … CD’s offprint of Meldola 1873 has not been found, but his copy of the Proceedings of the …
  • … where CD had stayed from 5 to 9 August 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Meldola also …
  • … Street, | Bedford Row, W.C. August 11 th . 1873 Dear Sir, I send herewith a copy of my …

From T. H. Farrer   12 August 1873

Summary

Observations on effect of water on leaves.

Coronilla.

Author:  Thomas Henry Farrer (1st Baron Farrer)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Aug 1873
Classmark:  DAR 164: 75
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9005

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Farrer   12 August 1873
  • … 75 Thomas Henry Farrer (1st Baron Farrer) Abinger Hall 12 Aug 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … CD had stayed at Abinger Hall from 5 to 9 August 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … See letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 10 August [1873] and n.  3. Farrer refers to George Payne. …
  • … See letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 10 August [1873] and n.  2. Gorse is the common name for the …

From T. H. Farrer   12 August [1873]

Summary

Further observations concerning the fertilisation of Coronilla by bees.

Reflections concerning the influence of cultivation (i.e., ploughing) upon variation.

Author:  Thomas Henry Farrer (1st Baron Farrer)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Aug [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 76a–76b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9005A

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Farrer   12 August [1873] …
  • … Thomas Henry Farrer (1st Baron Farrer) Abinger Hall 12 Aug [1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Farrer, 12 August 1873 . Farrer refers to George Payne. Hensleigh …
  • … this letter and the letter from T.  H.  Farrer, 12 August 1873 . See letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Farrer, 10 August [1873] and n.  2. Farrer described these observations on Coronilla …

To Mary Treat   12 August 1873

Summary

Thanks MT for information on Drosera filiformis [see 8989].

Warns her against publishing statement about Drosera bending towards flies or meat that they have not touched.

Will send his book [Insectivorous plants] when published.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Mary Lua Adelia (Mary) Treat
Date:  12 Aug 1873
Classmark:  Vineland Historical and Antiquarian Society
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9005B

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Mary Treat   12 August 1873
  • … Antiquarian Society Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Aug 1873 Mary Lua Adelia (Mary) Treat …
  • … Kent. [Bassett, Southampton. ] Aug.  12. 1873 Dear Madam I am very much obliged to you for …
  • … See letter from Mary Treat, 28 July 1873  and n.  2. Treat had revised her opinion on the …

From E. T. Gardner   13 August 1873

Summary

Sends CD an excerpt from N. Y. Tribune [missing] about an account by W. D. Whitney, of Yale, of scientific work in Colorado.

Author:  E. T Gardner
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Aug 1873
Classmark:  DAR 165: 7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9009

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From E.  T.  Gardner   13 August 1873
  • … DAR 165: 7 E. T Gardner New York 13 Aug 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Servant | E.  T.  Gardner 13 th . August 1873 7 Warren St | Rooms 18 & 19 | New York U.S.A …
  • … in the New York Tribune , 30 July 1873, p.  2. William Dwight Whitney was identified as …
  • … Hayden’s staff as chief topographer in 1873 (Bartlett 1962, pp.  77–8). Clarence Rivers …

To J. D. Hooker   13 August 1873

Summary

Asks JDH why so many plants are protected by a thin layer of waxy matter or with fine hairs.

Wrote to John Smith for a plant of Oxalis sensitiva, but it has not acted well.

Rejoices over Ayrton’s retirement. Hopes W. P. Adam, his successor, is a good sort of man.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  13 Aug 1873
Classmark:  DAR 94: 270–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9007

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   13 August 1873
  • … ODNB ). William Patrick Adam was sworn into office on 11  August 1873 ( London Gazette , …
  • … 12 August 1873, p.  3769). …
  • … DAR 94: 270–1 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 13 Aug 1873 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Strachey and Hooker visited Down on 23 August 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Darwin in Southampton from 9 to 21 August 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). CD had …
  • … by water in his letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 10 August [1873] (see also letters from T.   …
  • … H.  Farrer, 12 August 1873 and …
  • … 12 August [1873]). John Smith was curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. CD’s letter …
  • … umbraculum ) were sent to CD on 16 August 1873 (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Outwards …
  • … of works from late 1869 until August 1873 ( ODNB ). While he held the position he became …
  • … Kew (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  6). Ayrton did not retire but …
  • … Bassett | Southampton Aug 13. 1873 My dear Hooker We return home on Thursday the 21 st & I …

To Raphael Meldola   13 August [1873]

Summary

Thanks RM for his paper on mimicry.

Cannot answer RM’s query because he believes it impossible to define large variations.

Believes monstrosities are generally injurious and are not often, if ever, taken advantage of in nature.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Raphael Meldola
Date:  13 Aug [1873]
Classmark:  Oxford University Museum of Natural History (Hope Entomological Collections 1350: Hope/Westwood Archive, Darwin folder)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9006

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Raphael Meldola   13 August [1873] …
  • … Darwin folder) Charles Robert Darwin Bassett Down letterhead 13 Aug [1873] Raphael Meldola …
  • … See letter from Raphael Meldola, 11 August 1873  and n.  1. …
  • … Meldola sent a copy of Meldola 1873, a paper on variable protective colouring in insects. …
  • … letter from Raphael Meldola, 11 August 1873  and n.  2. Meldola had asked whether large …

From J. S. Burdon Sanderson   13 August [1873]

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Summary

Answers CD’s questions of 25 July [8987] about temperatures at which cold-blooded animals are killed.

Doubts heat rigor was induced in Drosera. Gives his view of the relation of excitability to increase in temperature.

Suggests experiment to show that electrical changes in plant are the same as in animal muscle and nerve [see Insectivorous plants, p. 318].

Author:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Aug [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 34–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9008

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   13 August [1873] …
  • … Burdon Sanderson (baronet) London, Queen Anne St, 49 13 Aug [1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … this letter and the letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 25 July 1873 . See letter to J.   …
  • … S.  Burdon Sanderson, 25 July 1873 . Burdon Sanderson had acknowledged receipt …
  • … of CD’s letter in his letter of 28 July [1873]. See letter to J.   …
  • … S.  Burdon Sanderson, 25 July 1873  and n.  2. 85 o F: 30 o C. 145–50 o F: 63–5 o C. …
  • … of Dionaea were reported at the September 1873 meeting of the British Association for the …
Document type
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005 - Charles Darwin to Mary Treat, 12 August 1873 Darwin writes to Treat to …

Science, Work and Manliness

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters In 1859, popular didactic writer William Landels published the first edition of what proved to be one of his best-selling works, How Men Are Made. "It is by work, work, work" he told his middle class audience, …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9157 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
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