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To J. D. Hooker   1 July [1873]

Summary

Agrees with JDH on G. J. Allman’s work. Approves of JDH’s text proposing GJA for Royal Medal.

Will be proud to see General Richard Strachey at Down – a truly great man.

Specimens of Drosera are waiting to be examined.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 July [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 265–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8960

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   1 July [1873] …
  • … DAR 94: 265–6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 July [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 30 June 1873 . Hooker had proposed George James Allman for …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 30 June 1873  and n.  8). Allman had published major works …
  • … s diary (DAR 242) records that Hooker and Richard Strachey visited Down on 23 August 1873. …

From Hermann Müller   1 July 1873

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Summary

Sends a note on R. Caspary’s observations of Corydalis self-fertilisation [see Cross and self-fertilisation, p. 331].

Has begun his experiments on the self- and cross-fertilised flowers.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 July 1873
Classmark:  DAR 76: B184
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8961

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Hermann Müller   1 July 1873
  • … B184 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller Lippstadt 1 July 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Viola tricolor in his letter of 10 June 1873. CD discussed the self-sterility of varieties …
  • … Lippstadt, July 1. 1873. My dear Sir I thank you very sincerely for your kindness in …
  • … found in “Botanische Zeitung 27 Juni 1873. Nr.  26” the following note: “ Sitzungsberichte …
  • … have not been identified, but H.  Müller 1873 was praised in George Bentham’s anniversary …
  • … see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 28 June 1873  and n.  6). Müller quotes from a report by …
  • … see letter from Hermann Müller, 10 June 1873 ). Malva silvestris is the common mallow; …

To Friedrich Max Müller   3 July 1873

Summary

Thanks FMM for his "Lectures [on Mr Darwin’s philosophy of language", Fraser’s Mag. n.s. 7 (1873): 525–41, 659–78].

CD is not worthy to be FMM’s adversary as he knows very little about language and, being fully convinced man is descended from some lower animal, he is forced to believe a priori that language has developed from inarticulate cries.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Friedrich Max Müller
Date:  3 July 1873
Classmark:  DAR 146: 425
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8962

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Friedrich Max Müller   3 July 1873
  • … DAR 146: 425 Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 July 1873 Friedrich Max Müller …
  • … Pamphlet Collection–CUL.  See letter from Friedrich Max Müller, 29 June 1873 and n.  1. …
  • … See letter from Friedrich Max Müller, 29 June 1873  and n.  2. …
  • … philosophy of language", Fraser’s Mag. n.s. 7 (1873): 525–41, 659–78]. CD is not worthy to …
  • … Down July 3. 1873 Dear Sir, I am much obliged for your kind note and present of your …

From J. E. Boehm   4 July 1873

Summary

Reports cases from his family of inheritance of turning in sleep, sleep-walking at full moon, and eyes giving out red light at early age.

Author:  Joseph Edgar Boehm
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 July 1873
Classmark:  DAR 160: 235
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8964

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  E.  Boehm   4 July 1873
  • … DAR 160: 235 Joseph Edgar Boehm London, Fulham Rd, 76 4 July 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Avenue, | 76, Fulham Road, S.W. July 4 | 1873 Dear Sir When I had the pleasure of meeting …

To C. H. Blackley   5 July [1873]

Summary

Comments on CHB’s book [Experimental researches on catarrhus aestivus – hay-fever or hay-asthma (1873)].

Explains that some pollens are wind-blown while others depend on insects for dispersal. Effect of pollen on skin and mucous membrane astonishing. Sends a book [M. Wyman, Autumnal catarrh (1872)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Harrison Blackley
Date:  5 July [1873]
Classmark:  John Hay Library, Brown University (Albert E. Lownes Manuscript Collection, Ms.84.2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8965

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To C.  H.  Blackley   5 July [1873] …
  • … Collection, Ms.84.2) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 July [1873] Charles Harrison Blackley …
  • … catarrhus aestivus – hay-fever or hay-asthma (1873)]. Explains that some pollens are wind- …
  • … is established by the reference to Blackley 1873. CD refers to Blackley’s Experimental …
  • … nature of catarrhus aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma) (Blackley 1873). See letter to C.   …
  • … H.  Blackley, 14 June [1873] and n.  2. …
  • … See letter from Federico Delpino, 18 June 1873 , n.  8, and Cross and self fertilisation , …
  • … p.  381. The list appears in Blackley 1873, p.  75. CD underlined the anemophilous plants …
  • … Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 711). The St Louis case is in the 1873 report, p.  86 n. …
  • … Burdon Sanderson, visited on 4 July 1873. CD had mentioned the account of coniferous …
  • … could explain why patients suffered from hay fever out at sea (Blackley 1873, p.  148). …
  • … CD annotated this passage in Blackley 1873 ‘error? ’ (see Marginalia 1: 59), taking issue …

To George King   6 July 1873

Summary

Thanks for specimens and information about worm-castings.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George King
Date:  6 July 1873
Classmark:  DAR 146: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8966

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To George King   6 July 1873
  • … DAR 146: 15 Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 July 1873 George King …
  • … castings in his letter of 18 February 1873. The parcel probably contained worm-castings or …
  • … see letter to George King, 18 February 1873  and n.  1). See also Earthworms , pp.  106–8  …

From C. H. Blackley   7 July 1873

Summary

Thanks for copy of Wyman’s book.

His own recent researches [on pollen] at high altitudes were inspired by CD’s account in Journal of researches of distances dust may travel.

Author:  Charles Harrison Blackley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 July 1873
Classmark:  DAR 160: 192
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8967

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From C.  H.  Blackley   7 July 1873
  • … DAR 160: 192 Charles Harrison Blackley Manchester 7 July 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … far away from sources of pollen (Blackley 1873, pp.  115–53; see also Taylor and Walker  …
  • … 1973, p.  106). Evidently Blackley had not yet received CD’s letter of 5 July [1873]. …
  • … nature of catarrhus aestivus (Blackley 1873). Philipp Phoebus wrote a study of hay fever ( …
  • … Stretford Road, | Manchester. July 7 th 1873 Dear Sir, My best thanks to you for the copy …

From John Farr   7 July 1873

Summary

Would like a photograph of CD.

Author:  John Farr
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 July 1873
Classmark:  DAR 164: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8968

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From John Farr   7 July 1873
  • … DAR 164: 27 John Farr Highgate 7 July 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Highgate, Middlesex July 7th 1873 Dear Sir I have never seen or conversed with you, and …

From G. H. Darwin   8 July 1873

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Summary

Corrects chemical concentrations CD has been using [in insectivorous plant experimentation].

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 July 1873
Classmark:  DAR 55: 160–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8969

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   8 July 1873
  • … DAR 55: 160–1 George Howard Darwin unstated 8 July 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … as 2 ounces an amount of water too small by 9 gr. End of letter : ‘July 8 th — 1873. ’ ink …

From Armand de Quatrefages   8 July 1873

Summary

CD’s nomination to French Academy fails again.

Author:  Jean Louis Armand (Armand de Quatrefages) Quatrefages de Bréau
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 July 1873
Classmark:  DAR 175: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11041

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Armand de Quatrefages    8 July 1873
  • … Armand de Quatrefages) Quatrefages de Bréau Paris 8 July 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … des séances de l’Académie des sciences 77 (1873): 33). CD had also been nominated in 1870  …

From J. B. Dunbar-Brander   [before 9 July 1873]

Summary

Offers different explanations [from CD’s in Expression] for movements of dogs after voiding, and for their turning around before lying down.

CD is also wrong in saying hares do not cry except when they suffer.

Author:  James Brander Dunbar-Brander
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 9 July 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 279
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8711

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  B.  Dunbar-Brander   [before 9 July 1873] …
  • … DAR 160: 279 James Brander Dunbar-Brander Elgin [before 9 July 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Brander’s letter to Bushell Anningson (see letter from Bushell Anningson, 9 July 1873 ). …
  • … the letter from Bushell Anningson, 9 July 1873 . See Expression , p.  44. See Expression , …

From Bushell Anningson   9 July 1873

Summary

Comments on the form and function of a muscle in the rectal region of animals.

Discusses the scratching action of dogs.

Author:  Bushell Anningson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 July 1873
Classmark:  DAR 159: 73
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8971

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Bushell Anningson   9 July 1873
  • … DAR 159: 73 Bushell Anningson Cambridge 9 July 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … J.  B.  Dunbar- Brander, [before 9 July 1873] , and Expression , p.  44). Prolapsus ani ( …
  • … though the anal orifice. See letter from J.  B.  Dunbar-Brander, [before 9 July 1873] . …
  • … House | Barton Road | Cambridge 9 th July 1873 My dear Darwin Pardon me for not replying …

To Armand de Quatrefages   9 July [1873]

Summary

Thanks correspondent for his kind and generous exertions [to get CD elected to French Academy?].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jean Louis Armand (Armand de Quatrefages) Quatrefages de Bréau
Date:  9 July [1873]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (409)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8972

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Armand de Quatrefages   9 July [1873] …
  • … 409) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 July [1873] Jean Louis Armand (Armand de Quatrefages) …
  • … from Armand de Quatrefages, 8 July 1873 . Quatrefages had nominated CD as correspondent to …
  • … des sciences in Paris (see letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 8 July 1873  and n.  2). …

To A. R. Wallace   9 July [1873]

Summary

Forwards photograph, sent by [J. L. G.] Krefft, of a chrysalis attached to its food-plant; the chrysalis has adjusted its colour remarkably.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  9 July [1873]
Classmark:  Oxford University Museum of Natural History (Hope Entomological Collections 1350 Box 1 Wallace MSS)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8970

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   9 July [1873] …
  • … 1350 Box 1 Wallace MSS) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 July [1873] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … between this letter and the letter from Gerard Krefft, 3 May 1873 . Gerard Krefft had …
  • … enclosed a chrysalis with his letter of 3 May 1873. Thomas William …
  • … Shepherd (see letter from Gerard Krefft, 3 May 1873 and n.  6). …

From John Farr   10 July 1873

Summary

Thanks for photograph.

Author:  John Farr
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 July 1873
Classmark:  DAR 164: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8973

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From John Farr   10 July 1873
  • … DAR 164: 28 John Farr Highgate 10 July 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see the letter from John Farr, 7 July 1873. G.  Combe 1828 used phrenology to promote a …
  • … North Hill | Highgate N July 10 th 1873 Dear Sir, I thank you kindly for your Photograph …

From C. H. Blackley   11 July 1873

Summary

Thanks for suggestion to try effect of dry heat on pollen and for other new information on pollen. Will begin new experiments soon, hoping to cure hay-fever.

Author:  Charles Harrison Blackley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 July 1873
Classmark:  DAR 160: 193
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8974

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From C.  H.  Blackley   11 July 1873
  • … DAR 160: 193 Charles Harrison Blackley Manchester 11 July 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … causes of hay fever; see letter to C.  H.  Blackley, 5 July [1873] . See letter to C.   …
  • … H.  Blackley, 5 July [1873] and n.  3. Blackley operated homoeopathic practices at Egerton …
  • … Taylor and Walker 1973). See letter to C.  H.  Blackley, 5 July [1873] and n.  7. …
  • … Stretford Road, | Manchester. July 11 th 1873 Dear Sir, I am much obliged for your letter …

From A. W. Bennett   12 July 1873

Summary

Believes some flowers fail to produce seed because of the access of too great a quantity of pollen. Asks for CD’s opinion and references.

Author:  Alfred William Bennett
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 July 1873
Classmark:  DAR 160: 141
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8976

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From A.  W.  Bennett   12 July 1873
  • … 141 Alfred William Bennett London, Park Village East, 6 12 July 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 6 Park Village East | London N.W. July 12 th . 1873. My dear Sir I hope you will excuse my …
  • … excess pollen in Nature , 16 January 1873, p.  202. Ruta (rue) is a genus of strongly …

To Edward Frankland   12 July 1873

Summary

Seeks the assistance of a professional chemist in securing a qualitative analysis of the fluid secreted by the glands of Drosera which have the power of dissolving animal matter out of the bodies of insects. [See 8979.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Frankland
Date:  12 July 1873
Classmark:  The John Rylands Library, the University of Manchester
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8977A

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Edward Frankland   12 July 1873
  • … D.  Hooker, 28 June 1873 , and Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … the University of Manchester Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 July 1873 Edward Frankland …
  • … 176). Thomas Henry Huxley visited Down on 27 and 28 June 1873; John Scott Burdon Sanderson …
  • … visited on 4 July 1873 ( letter to J.   …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. July 12. 1873 My dear Sir I am going to beg a great favour of …

To Gerard Krefft   12 July [1873]

Summary

Thanks JLGK for photos of natives of Queensland.

Asks if he can observe whether worms throw up castings in wet weather.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Louis Gerard (Gerard) Krefft
Date:  12 July [1873]
Classmark:  Mitchell Library, Sydney (MLMSS 5282)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8975

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Gerard Krefft   12 July [1873] …
  • … MLMSS 5282) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 July [1873] Johann Louis Gerard (Gerard) Krefft …
  • … skeleton of Chlamydosaurus kingii (see letter from Gerard Krefft, 3 May 1873  and n.  4). …
  • … Huxley visited Down from 27 to 28 June 1873 (see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 28 June 1873 ). …
  • … letter and the letter from Gerard Krefft, 3 May 1873 . Krefft enclosed photographs of a …
  • … New Guinea men with his letter of 3 May 1873. The letter enclosing the photograph of the …
  • … are mentioned in Krefft’s letter of 3 May 1873. Neither of these sets of photographs has …
  • … See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 9 July [1873] . Krefft had written to Thomas Henry Huxley …

From J. T. Moggridge   12 July 1873

Summary

Sends his paper on Ophrys insectifera, translated into German by H. G. Reichenbach [Abh. Kais. Leopold.-Carol. Dtsch. Akad. Naturforsch. 33 (1870) no. 3], which shows the intermediates between O. aranifera and O. apifera. He has since gathered information on variation in Ophrys.

Author:  John Traherne Moggridge
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 July 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 218
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8977

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  T.  Moggridge   12 July 1873
  • … DAR 171: 218 John Traherne Moggridge Richmond 12 July 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Villas | Richmond | (Surrey) 12 July 1873 My dear Sir I take the liberty of sending you a …
  • … spiders are discussed in Moggridge 1873. Nemesia caementaria is common in southern Europe. …
Document type
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Date
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04 (1)
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06 (1)
07 (2)
08 (2)
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10 (1)
11 (1)
12 (5)
15 (3)
16 (2)
17 (1)
18 (2)
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005 - Charles Darwin to Mary Treat, 12 August 1873 Darwin writes to Treat to …

Science, Work and Manliness

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters In 1859, popular didactic writer William Landels published the first edition of what proved to be one of his best-selling works, How Men Are Made. "It is by work, work, work" he told his middle class audience, …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9157 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
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