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From László Dapsy   1 June 1873

Summary

The Natural Philosophical Society [Academy of Sciences] will publish his translation of Origin in August, before Descent.

A distinguished member of the Hungarian Parliament attacked CD’s theory. LD answered, and a controversy ensued.

LD has noted many signs of public support for CD.

Author:  Laszlo Dapsy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 162: 41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8931

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From László Dapsy   1 June 1873
  • … DAR 162: 41 Laszlo Dapsy Pest 1 June 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 84). Dapsy’s translation of Origin (Dapsy trans.  1873–4) was commissioned by the Királyi …
  • … this letter while he was at Leith Hill Place; see letter to Lázló Dapsy, 9 June 1873. …

To Anton Dohrn   2 June [1873]

Summary

Thanks AD for kind review of Expression. AD’s remarks on necessity of tracing development of functions are novel and valuable.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Date:  2 June [1873]
Classmark:  Bibliothèque de Genève
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8933

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Anton Dohrn   2 June [1873] …
  • … Bibliothèque de Genève Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 June [1873] Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn …
  • … CD may refer to the article in the 29 May 1873 issue of Nature on the …
  • … zoological station at Naples (Dohrn 1873). …
  • … s review appeared in the Academy , 2 June 1873, pp.  209–12. Dohrn praised Expression for …
  • … chemistry (see also letter from Anton Dohrn, 7 June 1873 , and Nyhart 1995, pp.  67–80). …

To B. T. Lowne   3 June 1873

Summary

Comments on BTL’s book [The philosophy of evolution (1873)].

"You are a bold man to speak in favour of pangenesis."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Benjamin Thompson Lowne
Date:  3 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 146: 57
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8934

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To B.  T.  Lowne   3 June 1873
  • … DAR 146: 57 Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 June 1873 Benjamin Thompson Lowne …
  • … s book [ The philosophy of evolution (1873)]. "You are a bold man to speak in favour of …
  • … Down, June 3—1873 My dear Sir I am very much obliged for the present of your book, which I …
  • … Lowne’s Philosophy of evolution (Lowne 1873) is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia …
  • … it was as yet ‘incapable of proof’ (Lowne 1873, p.  60). Lowne outlined a theory that had …
  • … through nutrition and excretion (Lowne 1873, pp.  67–76). Paget had described how many of …
  • … to ensure ‘the survival of the race’ (Lowne 1873, p.  76). CD’s heavily annotated copy of …

From George Cupples   4 June 1873

Summary

J. V. Carus’ lecture.

Edinburgh intellectual climate.

Ralph Waldo Emerson’s visit to Edinburgh.

J. H. Stirling did not write anonymous review of Expression in Edinburgh Review. Suggests T. Spencer Baynes of St Andrews. [? T. S. Baynes, "Darwin on expression", 137 (1873): 492–528.]

Author:  George Cupples
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 161: 299
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8935

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From George Cupples   4 June 1873
  • … DAR 161: 299 George Cupples Guard Bridge 4 June 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Baynes of St Andrews. [? T. S. Baynes, "Darwin on expression", 137 (1873): 492–528. ] …
  • … of the unfavourable review of Expression that had appeared in the April 1873 issue of the …
  • … Edinburgh Review ([Baynes 1873]; see letter to …
  • … George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). CD had suggested that James Hutchison Stirling might …
  • … be the author of the review in his letter to Cupples of 28 April [1873]. See …
  • … also letter from George Cupples, 1 May 1873 . The review was in fact by Thomas Spencer …
  • … Waldo Emerson visited England and Scotland in the spring of 1873; he was in Edinburgh …
  • … for one day, 8 May 1873, to visit Stirling (Ireland 1882, p.  21). Emerson had visited …
  • … see letter from George Cupples, 1 May 1873 and n.  3). Cupples had given CD an Irish …

From A. A. L. P. Cochrane   7 June 1873

Summary

Invites CD on a voyage to the western coast of North and South America.

Author:  Arthur Auckland Leopold Pedro Cochrane
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 161: 191
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8938

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From A.  A.  L.  P.  Cochrane   7 June 1873
  • … Leopold Pedro Cochrane Junior United Service Club 7 June 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Frederick S.  Vander-Meulen ( Navy list , July 1873, p.  171). The Queen Charlotte Islands …

To George Cupples   7 June [1873]

Summary

Thanks for report on J. V. Carus’ lecture.

Glad to hear suspicion about J. H. Stirling groundless.

CD has not seen R. W. Emerson. In last two or three years has seen several Yankees. Saw a good deal of the Nortons [Charles Eliot and Susan Ridley Sedgwick].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Cupples
Date:  7 June [1873]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (428)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8936

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To George Cupples   7 June [1873] …
  • … 428) Charles Robert Darwin Leith Hill Place Down letterhead 7 June [1873] George Cupples …
  • … See letter from George Cupples, 4 June 1873  and nn.  2 and 3. Ralph Waldo Emerson. …
  • … September 1872), and Jane Norton (January 1873). Tappy’s chicks: and other links between …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from George Cupples, 4 June 1873 . …
  • … Letter from George Cupples, 4 June 1873. The previous extant …
  • … letter from Cupples is that of 1 May 1873. He evidently enclosed a report of a lecture …

From Anton Dohrn   7 June 1873

Summary

News of Naples Zoological Station developments.

His remarks on physiology in the Academy were aimed at Prof. Ludwig and his school.

The usual "exact" methods in experimental physiology want only a little pushing to put an end to superstition.

Recounts how he had worked out the explanation of Rhizocephala morphology via the Anelasma – an example of both the power of inheritance and the power of genealogical investigation. R. Kossman’s work has now confirmed AD’s explanation.

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 162: 213
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8937

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From Anton Dohrn   7 June 1873
  • … DAR 162: 213 Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn Naples 7 June 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to Anton Dohrn, 2 June [1873] . Dohrn’s review …
  • … of Expression appeared in the Academy , 2 June 1873, pp.  209–11. The Academy was a weekly …
  • … see also letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). St George Jackson Mivart had written …
  • … Dohrn Naples. Palazzo Torlonia. | 7. June 1873. P.S. — It will perhaps interest You as in …
  • … see letter from Anton Dohrn, 27 January 1873 ). He was probably visited by William Erasmus …
  • … from Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, 28 [January 1873] (DAR 258: 572), letter from G.  H.   …
  • … Darwin to Emma Darwin, [6? March 1873] (DAR 210.2: 27)). Dohrn had approached the Prussian …
  • … see letter from Anton Dohrn, 27 January 1873 and n.  2, and Correspondence vol.  20, …
  • … 1872 ). See letter to Anton Dohrn, 2 June [1873] and n.  3. Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig …
  • … essentia est existentia” ’ ( Academy 4 (1873): 212). The quotation attributed to Baruch de …
  • … squalicola in his letter of 27 January 1873. See Living Cirripedia (1851), pl. IV, figs.   …
  • … were reported in his Habilitationsschrift of 1873, later published in Arbeiten aus dem …

To A. A. L. P. Cochrane   [after 7 June 1873]

Summary

Is obliged because of health to decline the invitation [see 8938] to make a voyage on the Admiral’s ship. "… I must rest contented with past memories …"

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Arthur Auckland Leopold Pedro Cochrane
Date:  [after 7 June 1873]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (20–1 July 1988)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8938A

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To A.  A.  L.  P.  Cochrane   [after 7 June 1873] …
  • … Leith Hill Place, Dorking [after 7 June 1873] Arthur Auckland Leopold Pedro Cochrane …
  • … from A.  A.  L.  P.  Cochrane, 7 June 1873 . CD had been invited to join Cochrane on the …
  • … from A.  A.  L.  P.  Cochrane, 7 June 1873 ). The original letter is complete and is …

From W. P. Ayres   8 June 1873

Summary

Has been discussing spontaneous generation with William Robinson of the Garden. Reports having found grubs that developed in an undamaged, hard-boiled egg. Has similarly treated eggs if CD wants to investigate.

Author:  William Port Ayres
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 159: 137
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8939

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From W.  P.  Ayres   8 June 1873
  • … DAR 159: 137 William Port Ayres Newark-upon-Trent 8 June 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …

To László Dapsy   9 June 1873

Summary

Is glad to hear LD’s translation [of Origin (1873–4)] progresses well.

Offers to send a photograph of himself.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Laszlo Dapsy
Date:  9 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 96: 155
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8940

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To László Dapsy   9 June 1873
  • … DAR 96: 155 Charles Robert Darwin Leith Hill Place 9 June 1873 Laszlo Dapsy …
  • … Is glad to hear LD’s translation [of Origin (1873–4)] progresses well. Offers to send a …
  • … Letter from László Dapsy, 1 June 1873. CD refers to Dapsy’s …
  • … translation of Origin (Dapsy trans.  1873–4). …
  • … See letter from László Dapsy, 1 June 1873  and n.  2. An illustration based on a …

From Hermann Müller   10 June 1873

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Summary

Reports on insects fertilising Viola tricolor and on the fertilisation of the two wild forms [see Cross and self-fertilisation, p. 124 n., 125].

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 77: 154–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8941

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From Hermann Müller   10 June 1873
  • … 5 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller Lippstadt 10 June 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … on Befruchtung der Blumen (Fertilisation of flowers; H.  Müller 1873) in his letter to …
  • … Hermann Müller, 30 May 1873 . Müller refers to Cross and self fertilisation. …
  • … found, but see the letter from Hermann Müller, 27 May 1873  and n.  1. Müller had sent …
  • … tricolor in his letter to CD of 19 May 1873. Apis mellifica is now A.  mellifera , the …
  • … See letter from Hermann Müller, 19 May 1873 . Müller was interested in an article by …
  • … see letter from Hermann Müller, 27 May 1873  and n.  1). Poa annua is a meadow-grass. …
  • … Lippstadt June 10 1873. My dear Sir Your letter has been a great pleasure to me by your …
  • … hoverfly. On Viola tricolor , see the letter from Hermann Müller, 19 May 1873 , and H.   …
  • … Müller 1873, p.  145. Charles Valentine Riley had described a new species of moth ( …

From Albert Günther   11 June 1873

Summary

Apologises for having given CD some unreliable information.

Author:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 165: 254
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8942

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Albert Günther   11 June 1873
  • … Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther British Museum 11 June 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … British Museum June 11. 1873 My dear Sir I enclose the copy of a note of mine which I …
  • … description had been reported by CD (Günther 1873, p.  419). CD removed this example in …
  • … CD was in London from 15 March to 10 April 1873 (‘Journal’ (Appendix II)), and had invited …
  • … lunch ( letter to Albert Günther, 12 April [1873] ). Günther was assistant keeper at the …

To C. H. Blackley   14 June [1873]

Summary

Thanks for sending Experimental researches. He will read it as soon as he finishes a book in hand. [See 8965.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Harrison Blackley
Date:  14 June [1873]
Classmark:  Arbor 441–2 (September–October 1982): 148.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8943A

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To C.  H.  Blackley   14 June [1873] …
  • … October 1982): 148. Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 June [1873] Charles Harrison Blackley …
  • … letter from C.  H.  Blackley, 7 July 1873 . CD’s annotated copy of Experimental researches …
  • … hay-fever or hay-asthma) (Blackley 1873) is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: …

To Albert Günther   14 June [1873]

Summary

Thanks AG for information [unspecified]; so trifling an error will not alter his opinion that AG is "the most accurate of men".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Date:  14 June [1873]
Classmark:  Shrewsbury School (37)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8943

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Albert Günther   14 June [1873] …
  • … 37) Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 June [1873] Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) …
  • … See letter from Albert Günther, 11 June 1873  and n.  1. Günther had retracted an earlier …
  • … See letter from Albert Günther, 11 June 1873  and n.  3. Günther hoped to observe a …

From Charles Hinton   15 June 1873

Summary

Observations on expression.

Author:  Charles Hinton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 166: 222
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8944

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Charles Hinton   15 June 1873
  • … DAR 166: 222 Charles Hinton San Francisco 15 June 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … regular columns to the San Francisco Chronicle in 1873 ( ANB ). Possibly Christoph Arnold. …
  • … San Francisco, June 15, 1873. To Mr.  Charles Darwin: Dear Sir: I have been reading your …

From Federico Delpino   18 June 1873

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Summary

Sends information on Lathyrus odoratus, Phaseolus multiflorus and Pisum sativum.

Author:  Federico Delpino
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 77: 152–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8945

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Federico Delpino    18 June 1873
  • … DAR 77: 152–3 Federico Delpino Vallombrosa 18 June 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … by means of insects and their mutual adaptations; H.  Müller 1873) in his letter to …
  • … Delpino of 1 May 1873. ‘Melittophilous’ refers to plants that rely on bees for …
  • … Origin , pp.  94–5. CD’s annotation is a note for his letter to Delpino of 25 June [1873]. …
  • … Vallombrosa 18.  giugno 1873 Onorevole Signore! La prego a volermi perdonare se ho tardato …
  • … see letter to Federico Delpino, 1 May 1873 ). Oidium is a genus of fungi that causes …
  • … Vallombrosa 18. June 1873 Esteemed Sir! I beg you to forgive the long delay in replying to …

To E. W. Lane   23 June 1873

Summary

Thanks EWL for his book about hydropathy [Old medicine and new (1873)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Wickstead Lane
Date:  23 June 1873
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (429)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8946

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To E.  W.  Lane   23 June 1873
  • … Philosophical Society (429) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 June 1873 Edward Wickstead Lane …
  • … Thanks EWL for his book about hydropathy [ Old medicine and new (1873)]. …
  • … Old medicine and new (E. W. Lane 1873). CD had attended water spas periodically between …

From C. F. Martins   23 June 1873

Summary

CM and Henri Sicard have given what CM thinks is the first zoology course in France based on descent of species.

In Rome he was struck by ancient Greek statues of mythical figures which use the idea of environmental influence. Ascribes these ideas to both CD and Lamarck.

Author:  Charles Frédéric Martins
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 61
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8947

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From C.  F.  Martins    23 June 1873
  • … Frédéric Martins Jardin des Plantes de Montpellier 23 June 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … de | Montpellier. | Montpellier, le 23 Juin 1873. Mon cher Maitre, C’est à Rome ou j’étais …
  • … Lamarck’s Philosophie zoologique (Lamarck 1873), for which he had written a biographical …
  • … de | Montpellier. | Montpellier, 23 June 1873. My dear Master, It was at Rome, where I was …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   24 June 1873

Summary

Wishes JSBS to look over an abstract of his Drosera experiments and to answer some questions on it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet)
Date:  24 June 1873
Classmark:  University of British Columbia, Woodward Library, Charles Woodward Memorial Room (I.x)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8948

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   24 June 1873
  • … Room (I.x) Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 June 1873 John Scott Burdon Sanderson (baronet) …
  • … however, the letter from J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 25 June 1873 . On CD’s experiments with …
  • … Drosera (sundew), see the letter to Mary Treat, 1 January 1873 , and the letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] . In …
  • … a letter to Nature , 19 June 1873, pp.  141–3, Burdon Sanderson reported on some of the …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. June 24 1873 My dear D r Sanderson I am going to beg a great …

From Francis Darwin   [before 26 June 1873]

Summary

Has discussed with E. E. Klein about the purchase of a Hartnack microscope from Paris.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 26 June 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9092F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [before 26 June 1873] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 8 Francis Darwin London [before 26 June 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … recording the purchase in his Classed account books (Down House MS) on 26 June 1873. …
  • … of a Hartnack microscope on 26 June 1873 (see n.  9, below). Edward Emanuel Klein. Edmund …
Document type
letter (33)
Date
1873
06
01 (1)
02 (1)
03 (1)
04 (1)
07 (4)
08 (1)
09 (1)
10 (1)
11 (1)
14 (2)
15 (1)
18 (1)
23 (2)
24 (1)
25 (4)
26 (4)
27 (1)
28 (2)
29 (1)
30 (2)
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005 - Charles Darwin to Mary Treat, 12 August 1873 Darwin writes to Treat to …

Science, Work and Manliness

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters In 1859, popular didactic writer William Landels published the first edition of what proved to be one of his best-selling works, How Men Are Made. "It is by work, work, work" he told his middle class audience, …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9157 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
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