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From George Cupples   1 May 1873

Summary

Missed hostile review of Expression in Edinburgh Review. Agrees it might be by J. H. Stirling [see 8935], who has written in a deplorably polemical style on Huxley and Sir William Hamilton.

Author:  George Cupples
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 161: 298
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8891

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From George Cupples   1 May 1873
  • … DAR 161: 298 George Cupples Guard Bridge 1 May 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] . A harsh anonymous review of Expression …
  • … April issue of the Edinburgh Review (137 (1873): 492–528). The reviewer was Thomas Spencer …

To Federico Delpino   1 May 1873

Summary

Asks whether, in Italy, varieties of Lathyrus odoratus, Pisum sativum, and Phaseolus multiflorus must be grown separately to come true.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Federico Delpino
Date:  1 May 1873
Classmark:  Anna Barone (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8892

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Federico Delpino   1 May 1873
  • … Anna Barone (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 May 1873 Federico Delpino …
  • … in Rio de Janeiro (see letter from Federico Delpino, 20 April 1873  and n.  2). CD refers …
  • … See letter from Federico Delpino, 20 April 1873  and n.  3. Lathyrus odoratus is a species …
  • … of flowers by means of insects; H.  Müller 1873), could ‘hardly be overestimated’ ( Cross …

To Isidoro Dell’Oro   2 May 1873

Summary

Thanks correspondent for sending him an account of silkworms.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Isidoro Dell’Oro
Date:  2 May 1873
Classmark:  University of Toronto, Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library (MSS gen 02.014)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8893

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Isidoro Dell’Oro   2 May 1873
  • … Rare Book Library (MSS gen 02.014) Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 May 1873 Isidoro Dell’Oro …
  • … May 2. 1873 Sir I am very much obliged to you for your kindness in having sent me the …
  • … in Europe’, London Gazette , 17 January 1873, pp.  169–75. Dell’Oro believed that a change …
  • … to Japan ( London Gazette , 17 January 1873, pp.  172–3. There is no copy of the article …

To John Tyndall   2 [May] 1873

Summary

Hopes JT does not think him over-cautious in requesting the return of the copies [of Huxley’s letter]. Has sent Huxley a list of the subscribers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Tyndall
Date:  2 [May] 1873
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 19 (EH 88205957)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8894

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To John Tyndall   2 [May] 1873
  • … DAR 261.8: 19 (EH 88205957) Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 [May] 1873 John Tyndall …
  • … to T.  H.  Huxley’s gift, [ 25 April 1873] and n.  4. The two enclosures have not been …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Ap 2 1873 My dear Tyndall I am very much obliged for all the …
  • … this letter and the letter to John Tyndall, 25 April 1873 . Copies of the letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 24 April 1873 , had been sent to all those who had contributed to the …
  • … subscription raised for him. See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 25 April 1873 , and letter to …
  • … John Tyndall, 25 April 1873 . For the names of those who subscribed, see the letter to …

From T. H. Farrer   3 May 1873

Summary

Hopes affairs will enable him to get back to flowers.

Huxley’s letter [about the fund raised for him] was noble. Would like to have seen CD’s to him.

Author:  Thomas Henry Farrer (1st Baron Farrer)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 164: 74
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8896

Matches: 7 hits

  • … H.  Huxley, 24 April  1873 . …
  • … From T.  H.  Farrer   3 May 1873
  • … Farrer (1st Baron Farrer) London, Gloucester Terrace, 3 3 May 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … s Die Befruchtung der Blumen (H.  Müller 1873), on the fertilisation of flowers by means …
  • … of insects (see letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 28 April 1873 ). Farrer probably refers to …
  • … to Katherine Euphemia Wedgwood on 30 May 1873 (see B.  Wedgwood and Wedgwood 1980, p.   …
  • … 303). See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 23 April 1873 , and letter from T.   …

From Gerard Krefft   3 May 1873

Summary

Suggests hopping lizards may show the connection between reptiles and birds as proposed by Huxley.

Author:  Johann Louis Gerard (Gerard) Krefft
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 169: 118
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8895

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Gerard Krefft   3 May 1873
  • … Louis Gerard (Gerard) Krefft Australian Museum Sydney 3 May 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … forced him to spend ten months in Sydney in 1873 before returning to Italy ( DBI ). The …
  • … Australian Museum May 3 d . 1873 My dear Mr Darwin I continue my observations on things …
  • … see letter to Gerard Krefft, 17 February 1873 ). Luigi Maria D’Albertis had arrived in New …
  • … who was only around four years old in 1873, and Archibald, who was born in 1871 and died …

To John Murray   4 May [1873]

Summary

Asks Murray not to announce Cross and self-fertilisation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  4 May [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 436
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8897

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Murray   4 May [1873] …
  • … DAR 143: 436 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 May [1873] John Murray …
  • … CD began work on the topic on 3 February 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)) and …
  • … Murray announced the work in April 1873 (see letter to ? , …
  • … 4 May [1873] and n.  2). …
  • … See letter to ? , 4 May [1873] and n.  2. CD’s work was published in 1876 as Cross and …

To ?   4 May [1873]

Summary

Explains that his publisher has erred in announcing his book [Cross and self-fertilisation] prematurely. [See 8890 and 8897.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  4 May [1873]
Classmark:  Remember When Auctions (Catalogue 41: 16 March 1997)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8897A

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To ?    4 May [1873] …
  • … Catalogue 41: 16 March 1997) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 May [1873] Unidentified …
  • … See letter from J.  V.  Carus, [before 8 May 1873] . CD’s book on ‘The Evil Effects …
  • … was announced in the Athenæum , 19 April 1873, p.  509. John Murray was CD’s publisher. …

From William Ogle   [after 5 May 1873]

Summary

Thanks for reference to Hermann Müller’s book on fertilisation [Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)].

Author:  William Ogle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [5–11 May 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 173: 7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8705

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From William Ogle   [after 5 May 1873] …
  • … DAR 173: 7 William Ogle Oxford and Cambridge Club [5–11 May 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … for reference to Hermann Müller’s book on fertilisation [ Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)]. …
  • … and the letter to William Ogle, 5 May [1873] . CD had recommended Hermann Müller’s book on …
  • … the fertilisation of plants by means of insects (H.  Müller 1873; see letter to …
  • … William Ogle, 5 May [1873] ). In 1876, Ogle made botanical observations while visiting the …

From K. E. von Baer   5 May 1873

Summary

Has been told CD wants photo of him; sends one. Requests a portrait photo of CD for his album. KEvB apologises for his English and his shaky hand; he is 88 years old.

Author:  Karl Ernst von Baer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 160: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8900

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From K.  E.  von Baer   5 May 1873
  • … DAR 160: 15 Karl Ernst von Baer Dorpat Tartu 5 May 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Dorpat 23 April/5 Mai 1873 Sir | and most illustrious naturalist. I am told you wish a …

To A. W. Bennett   5 May [1873]

Summary

Recommends H. Müller’s Die Befruchtung der Blumen (1873).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred William Bennett
Date:  5 May [1873]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8898

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To A.  W.  Bennett   5 May [1873] …
  • … Recommends H. Müller’s Die Befruchtung der Blumen (1873). …
  • … H.  Müller 1873 (The fertilisation of flowers by means of insects). …
  • … M. Stecher collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 May [1873] Alfred William Bennett …
  • … Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten” Leipzig 1873 in 1 moderate volume, with woodcuts I …

To Felix von Luschan   5 May 1873

Summary

Thanks FL for sending his essays and some photographs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Felix von Luschan
Date:  5 May 1873
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Nachl. Felix v. Luschan: Darwin, Charles
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8899

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Felix von Luschan   5 May 1873
  • … Felix v. Luschan: Darwin, Charles Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 May 1873 Felix von Luschan …
  • … found in the Darwin Archive–CUL.  By May 1873, Luschan had published three essays on human …
  • … central Europe (Luschan 1872a, 1872b, and 1873). The superciliary ridge is a prominence of …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. May 5. 1873 Dear Sir I thank you for your very obliging note & …

To Hermann Müller   5 May 1873

Summary

Comments on HM’s book [Die Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)]. Particularly glad to read historical sketch and discussion of work of C. K. Sprengel.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Date:  5 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 146: 434
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8901

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To Hermann Müller   5 May 1873
  • … 146: 434 Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 May 1873 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller …
  • … s book [ Die Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)]. Particularly glad to read historical sketch …
  • … fertilisation , pp.  6–7. See letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 28 April 1873 , letter to A.   …
  • … W.  Bennett, 5 May [1873] , and letter to …
  • … William Ogle, 5 May [1873] . There is a …
  • … copy of H.  Müller 1873 in the library of the Royal Society of London. …
  • … Down, Beckenham, Kent May 5 th 1873 My dear Sir Owing to all sorts of interruptions and to …
  • … The fertilisation of flowers by means of insects (H.  Müller 1873; see letter from …
  • … Hermann Müller, 28 February 1873 ). CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see …
  • … in ‘Pollen-eaters’, Nature , 16 January 1873, p.  202. Müller reviewed the literature on …
  • … of plants by insects in H.  Müller 1873, pp.  3–27. In Origin , p.  99, and Variation 2: …
  • … service to the plants themselves (H.  Müller 1873, p.  4). CD later quoted Müller on this …

To William Ogle   5 May [1873]

Summary

Recommends H. Müller’s Die Befruchtung den Blumen durch Insekten (1873).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Ogle
Date:  5 May [1873]
Classmark:  James P. Evans (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8901F

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To William Ogle   5 May [1873] …
  • … James P. Evans (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 May [1873] William Ogle …
  • … Recommends H. Müller’s Die Befruchtung den Blumen durch Insekten (1873). …
  • … Blumen durch Insekten by D r . H.  Müller 1873 Leipzig” (1 vol.  with 478 pages), would be …
  • … The year is established by the reference to H.  Müller 1873. CD …
  • … was reading the book in May 1873 (see letter to …
  • … Hermann Müller, 5 May 1873 ). Ogle had published three papers on the fertilisation of …
  • … William Ogle, 2 September 1868 . H.  Müller 1873, pp.  3–27, included a review of all the …

From W. F. Barrett   6 May 1873

Summary

Because of current interest in hereditary instinct, relates incident about a baby alligator, just emerged from its shell, attempting to bite a human.

Author:  William Fletcher Barrett
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 160: 46
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8902

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From W.  F.  Barrett   6 May 1873
  • … DAR 160: 46 William Fletcher Barrett Isleworth 6 May 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Letters and articles on instinct had been published in Nature , 20 February 1873, p.   …
  • … 303; 27 February 1873, pp.   …
  • … 322–3; 6 March 1873, p.   …
  • … 340; 13 March 1873, pp.   …
  • … 360–1; 20 March 1873, pp.   …
  • … 377–8, 384; 3 April 1873, pp.   …
  • … 424–5; 10 April 1873, pp.   …
  • … 437–8, 443–4; 1 May 1873, p.  6. The discussion had …
  • … to the editor on inherited instinct, published in Nature , 13 February 1873, pp.  281– …
  • … Woodlands | Isleworth May 6. 1873 Dear Sir, So many letters have lately appeared in “ …
  • … 2 (see letter to Nature , [before 13 February 1873]). CD also intervened during the course …
  • … of the debate (see first letter to Nature , [before 3 April 1873], and Nature , …
  • … 3 April 1873, pp.  417–18). Barrett’s father, William Garland Barrett, had been a …

From George Hookham   6 May [1873]

Summary

A fact on expression: sheep do use hoofs in fighting.

Author:  George Hookham
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 May [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 166: 266
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7742

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From George Hookham    6 May [1873] …
  • … DAR 166: 266 George Hookham Birmingham 6 May [1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of language’ delivered in Birmingham on 7 and 14 April 1873 (see Birmingham Daily …
  • … Post , 11 April 1873, p.   …
  • … 6, and 15 April 1873, p.  8). Hookham wrote twice to the editor of the Birmingham Morning …

To W. M. Canby   7 May 1873

Summary

Thanks for the Dionaea leaves. They support CD’s anticipation that they are adapted to let the smaller fry escape [see Insectivorous plants, p. 312].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Marriott Canby
Date:  7 May 1873
Classmark:  Natural History Society of Delaware
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8904

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To W.  M.  Canby   7 May 1873
  • … History Society of Delaware Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 May 1873 William Marriott Canby …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. May 7 1873 Dear Sir I thank you very sincerely for the leaves, of …
  • … the edge of the leaf. See letter to W.  M.  Canby, 19 February 1873 , and letter from W.   …
  • … M.  Canby, 22 April 1873 . Scolopendra is a genus of centipedes; only Scolopendra viridis …

To T. B. Leffen   7 May 1873

Summary

Thanks for note and information.

Mentions venomous caterpillars in Africa and Australia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  J. B Leffer
Date:  7 May 1873
Classmark:  The State Library of Victoria, Melbourne (MS 6219, Box 231/3. Diary of G. F. Belcher vol. 3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8903

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To T.  B.  Leffen   7 May 1873
  • … 231/3. Diary of G.  F.  Belcher vol.  3) Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 May 1873 J. B Leffer …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. May 7 1873 Dear Sir I write merely to thank you for your note & …

From J. V. Carus   [before 8 May 1873]

Summary

Publisher [Schweizerbart] has seen CD’s new book advertised [Cross and self-fertilisation] and wishes to publish a German translation of it.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 8 May 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 161: 89
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8890

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From J.  V.  Carus   [before 8 May 1873] …
  • … DAR 161: 89 Julius Victor Carus Edinburgh [before 8 May 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and 18 April 1870. CD’s annotation is a note for his letter to Carus of 8 May [1873]. …
  • … between this letter and the letter to J.  V.  Carus, 8 May [1873] . CD began work ‘ …
  • … on Evil Effects of Intercrossing’ on 3 February 1873 (‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). The …
  • … in ‘Science gossip’, Athenæum , 19 April 1873, p.  509, where the title was given as ‘The …

From A. W. Bennett   8 May 1873

Summary

Thanks for reference to Hermann Müller on fertilisation [Die Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)].

Publication plans.

Author:  Alfred William Bennett
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 160: 140
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8905

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From A.  W.  Bennett   8 May 1873
  • … 140 Alfred William Bennett London, Park Village East, 6 8 May 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Hermann Müller on fertilisation [ Die Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)]. Publication plans. …
  • … CD referred to Bennett 1873 in Cross and self fertilisation , p.  123 n. …
  • … See letter to A.  W.  Bennett, 5 May [1873] and n.  1. …
  • … Bennett’s reviews of H.  Müller 1873 appeared in …
  • … Academy , 15 August 1873, pp.   …
  • … 307–9, and Gardeners’ Chronicle , 17 May 1873, p.  685. …
  • … review in Gardeners’ Chronicle , 17 May 1873, p.  685, Bennett noted that most naturalists …
  • … East, | Regent’s Park, | N.W. May 8 th . 1873. My dear Sir I am much obliged by your …
  • … pansy ( Viola arvensis ; Bennett 1873a) was published in Nature , 15 May 1873, pp.  49–50. …
Document type
letter (48)
Date
1873
05
01 (2)
02 (2)
03 (2)
04 (2)
05 (6)
06 (2)
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08 (3)
11 (2)
12 (1)
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15 (2)
16 (1)
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19 (2)
21 (2)
22 (2)
23 (1)
25 (2)
27 (1)
28 (4)
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

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  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

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  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

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  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

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  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

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  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

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  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

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  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

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  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

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  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

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  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

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  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

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  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

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  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

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  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

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  • … Letter 9005 - Charles Darwin to Mary Treat, 12 August 1873 Darwin writes to Treat to …

Science, Work and Manliness

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters In 1859, popular didactic writer William Landels published the first edition of what proved to be one of his best-selling works, How Men Are Made. "It is by work, work, work" he told his middle class audience, …

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  • … Letter 9157 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
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