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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To Samuel Butler   1 April [1873]

Summary

Comments on SB’s book [The fair haven (1873)]. CD is struck by SB’s dramatic power – thinks he could write "a really good novel". Surprised at strength of case SB makes that Jesus did not die on the cross. SB’s identity will soon be universally known: Leslie Stephen knows he is the author.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Butler
Date:  1 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  British Library (Add 34486: 60–1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8835

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Samuel Butler   1 April [1873] …
  • … Add 34486: 60–1) Charles Robert Darwin London, Montague St, 16 1 Apr [1873] Samuel Butler …
  • … Comments on SB’s book [ The fair haven (1873)]. CD is struck by SB’s dramatic power – …
  • … London, from 15 March until 10 April 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). CD had been …
  • … the second edition of The fair haven ([Butler] 1873); his annotated copy is in the Darwin …
  • … believed he had been killed ([Butler] 1873, pp.  27–51). Butler contrasted this argument …

To N. D. Doedes   2 April 1873

Summary

The impossibility of conceiving that the universe arose through chance is the chief argument for the existence of God, but CD has never been able to decide whether this is an argument of real value. Safest to believe that the subject is beyond man’s intellect, "but man can do his duty".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nicolaas Dirk Doedes
Date:  2 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 139.12: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8837

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To N.  D.  Doedes   2 April 1873
  • … Robert Darwin London, Montague St, 16 Down letterhead 2 Apr 1873 Nicolaas Dirk Doedes …
  • … See letter from N.  D.  Doedes, 27 March 1873 . The friend was Jan Constantijn Costerus. …
  • … CD believed in the existence of God (see letter from N.  D.  Doedes, 27 March 1873 ). …
  • … Kent. [16 Montague Street, London] April 2 1873 a mon. N.  D.  Doedes | The University | …

From William Main   2 April 1873

Summary

Having now read Expression, WM repeats his criticism of "antithesis". Explains his theory of up-and-down-tending lines.

Author:  William Main
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8836

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From William Main   2 April 1873
  • … DAR 171: 28 William Main Birkenhead 2 Apr 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Ferry Park | Birkenhead 2 d . April | 1873 Dear Sir A short time ago I took the liberty of …

To Nature   [before 3 April 1873]

Summary

"The following fact with respect to the habits of ants, which I believe to be quite new, has been sent to me by a distinguished geologist, Mr J. D. Hague [see 8788]; and it appears well worth publishing."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 3 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  Nature, 10 April 1873, pp. 443–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8853

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Nature    [before 3 April 1873] …
  • … Nature , 10 April 1873, pp.  443– …
  • … 4 Charles Robert Darwin unstated [before 3 Apr 1873] Nature …
  • … an ant visible on the wall. J ames D.  H ague San Francisco, California, Feb.  26, 1873
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hague, 3 April [1873] . The …
  • … letter was published in Nature , 10 April 1873, pp.  443–4. …
  • … had been sent with his letter of 26 February 1873. The ant Hague described was probably …

To Nature   [before 3 April 1873]

Summary

Comments on article ["Perception and instinct in lower animals", Nature 7 (1871): 377–8].

Explains his contention that "many of the most wonderful instincts have been acquired, independently of habit, through the preservation of useful variations of pre-existing instincts". Cites examples: sterile workers of several species of social insects have acquired different instincts; movements of tumbler pigeons. Speculates that "many instincts have originated from modification or variations in the brain".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 3 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  Nature, 3 April 1873, pp. 417–18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8838

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Nature    [before 3 April 1873] …
  • … Nature , 3 April 1873, pp.  417– …
  • … 18 Charles Robert Darwin unstated [before 3 Apr 1873] Nature …
  • … letter in Nature . CD refers to the lead article in Nature , 20 March 1873, pp.  377–8. …
  • … on CD’s letter to Nature , [before 13 February 1873], and some of the responses to it. CD …
  • … Indian Medical Gazette , Jan.  and Feb 1873) of the somewhat analogous result which …
  • … relation to instinct. See Nature , 20 March 1873, p.  378. CD described the Lotan and …
  • … Thomas Lauder Brunton had lent the article (W.  J.  Moore 1873) to CD (see letter to T.   …
  • … L.  Brunton, 26 March 1873 ). In Variation 1: 209, CD attributed the phrase to Francis …

To G. H. Darwin   [3 April 1873]

Summary

Anxious to have GHD come home because of his poor health. Recommends Huxley’s physician (Andrew Clark) – an advocate of milk diet.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [3 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8839

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [3 April 1873] …
  • … 210.1: 10 Charles Robert Darwin London, Montague St, 16 [3 Apr 1873] George Howard Darwin …
  • … G.  H.  Darwin to Emma Darwin, [6? March 1873] (DAR 210.2: 27)). He had been suffering …
  • … DAR 242), George arrived in London on 5 April 1873. Andrew Clark was Thomas Henry Huxley’s …
  • … 16 Montague Street, London, from 15 March to 10 April 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … In 1873, the Thursday before 10 April was 3 April. …
  • … George had been in Cannes, France, since January 1873 (letter from G.  H.  Darwin …
  • … to H.  E.  Darwin, 25 January 1873 (DAR 210.2: 24)). He had written to Emma Darwin that he …

To J. D. Hague   3 April [1873]

Summary

Has sent JDH’s letter to Nature ["Perception in ants", Nature 7 (1873): 443–4].

Sons recall kindness received from JDH and others in America.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Duncan Hague
Date:  3 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 144: 394
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8840

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hague   3 April [1873] …
  • … Robert Darwin London, Montague St, 16 Down letterhead 3 Apr [1873] James Duncan Hague …
  • … Nature ["Perception in ants", Nature 7 (1873): 443–4]. Sons recall kindness received from …
  • … 19). See letter to G.  H.  Darwin, [3 April 1873] and n.  2. Hague had met CD in London in …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hague, 26 February 1873 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hague, 26 February 1873 . See …
  • … second letter to Nature , [before 3 April 1873]. CD discussed the ability of ants to …

From N. D. Doedes   4 April 1873

Summary

Debates the existence of God.

Author:  Nicolaas Dirk Doedes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 162: 202
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8841

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From N.  D.  Doedes   4 April 1873
  • … DAR 162: 202 Nicolaas Dirk Doedes Utrecht 4 Apr 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Utrecht April 4, 1873. Dear Sir; A few words to thank you for your kind answer. Your …
  • … See letter to N.  D.  Doedes, 2 April 1873 . Jan Constantijn Costerus. The phrase in …

From W. S. C. to George Busk   5 April 1873

Summary

Contradicts passages in Descent and Variation.

Author:  C., W. S.
Addressee:  George Busk
Date:  5 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 160: 386
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8842

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From W.  S.  C. to George Busk   5 April 1873
  • … DAR 160: 386 C. , W. S. London 5 Apr 1873 George Busk …
  • … any to spare till the Autumn. April 5 th 1873— 1.1 The passage … Canaries.  2.2] crossed …

To J. D. Hooker   [6 April 1873]

Summary

Wants to discuss raising a testimonial fund for Huxley and whether Huxley would stand this.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [6 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 261–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8843

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [6 April 1873] …
  • … Robert Darwin London, Montague St, 16 [6 Apr 1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker April 6/73. …
  • … Clark ( letter to G.  H.  Darwin, [3 April 1873] ). Katharine Murray Lyell had raised the …
  • … and other friends of Huxley’s on 8 April 1873, but William Spottiswoode was unable to …
  • … attend (see letter to William Spottiswoode, [8 April 1873] ). CD …
  • … returned to Down on 10 April 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). James Martineau received …

From Adolph Reuter   6 April 1873

Summary

Sends photograph of a diseased roebuck shot by Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia.

Author:  Adolf Reuter
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 176: 128
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8844

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From Adolph Reuter   6 April 1873
  • … DAR 176: 128 Adolf Reuter Pfauen Insel, near Potsdam 6 Apr 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …

From E. F. Lubbock   [before 7 April 1873]

Summary

Is trying to persuade "our friend" [T. H. Huxley?] to accept a gift.

Author:  Ellen Frances Lubbock
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 7 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 170: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8833

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From E.  F.  Lubbock   [before 7 April 1873] …
  • … DAR 170: 17 Ellen Frances Lubbock unstated [before 7 Apr 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … visited him in connection with the subscription plan on 7 April 1873 (see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] , and letter to …
  • … William Spottiswoode, [8 April 1873] ). …

From G. H. Darwin to John Tyndall   [7 April 1873]

Summary

CD particularly wishes to see JT "On business not connected with himself" [the fund for Huxley’s holiday]. Asks whether CD may call that afternoon. GHD adds postscript saying CD very fatigued. He hopes JT can come to see CD instead, but he should not mention that GHD suggested it.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  John Tyndall
Date:  [7 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 12 (EH 88205950)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8846

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin to John Tyndall   [7 April 1873] …
  • … 12 (EH 88205950) George Howard Darwin London, Montague St, 16 [7 Apr 1873] John Tyndall …
  • … subscription was handled by Lubbock’s bank (see letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 23 April 1873 ). …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] . …
  • … The Monday after 6 April 1873 was 7 April. The business referred to was the plan to raise …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] and n.  2). CD had probably visited John …

To Thomas Davidson   7 April 1873

Summary

Thanks TWStCD for catalogue of his Cretacean fossils.

Regrets he cannot visit Brighton.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Davidson
Date:  7 Apr 1873
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (426)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8845

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Thomas Davidson   7 April 1873
  • … Charles Robert Darwin London, Montague St, 16 Down letterhead 7 Apr 1873 Thomas Davidson …
  • … Kent. [16 Montague Street, London] Ap.  7 1873 My dear Sir I am much obliged for your kind …

From J. D. Hooker   [7 April 1873]

thumbnail

Summary

Thinks the Huxley fund should be done. Difficulty will be getting him to accept it.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [7 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 153–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8847

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [7 April 1873] …
  • … DAR 103: 153–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [7 Apr 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Huxley’ took place on Tuesday 8 April 1873 and Hooker also came to lunch on Wednesday 9  …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] . …
  • … The Monday following 6 April 1873 was 7 April. See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] . According to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …
  • … Harriet Hooker had been to lunch with the Darwins on 28 March 1873. See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] and n.  1. The reference is to Thomas Henry Huxley. …

From Charles Voysey   7 April 1873

Summary

Sends his 6th volume.

Author:  Charles Voysey
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 180: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8848

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Charles Voysey   7 April 1873
  • … DAR 180: 17 Charles Voysey Dulwich 7 Apr 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … was Frances Annesley Voysey. In early 1873, debates over the use of the Athanasian Creed …
  • … s periodical The sling and the stone was published in April 1873 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 17 April 1873, p.  261). …
  • … Camden House | Dulwich S.E April 7. 1873 My dear Sir I can hardly hold my pen for laughter …

From E. F. Lubbock   [after 7 April 1873?]

Summary

Observations on her pet pug.

Author:  Ellen Frances Lubbock
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 7 Apr 1873?]
Classmark:  DAR 170: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8699

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From E.  F.  Lubbock   [after 7 April 1873? ] …
  • … DAR 170: 15 Ellen Frances Lubbock High Elms [after 7 Apr 1873? ] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Darwin to John Tyndall, [ 7 April 1873] and n.  3). The reference is to Charles Dickens’s …
  • … for Thomas Henry Huxley. CD probably saw Lubbock on 7 April 1873 (see letter from G.  H.   …

To William Spottiswoode   [8 April 1873]

Summary

Discusses the arrangements being made to present a gift to Huxley [see 8872].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Spottiswoode
Date:  [8 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 169–70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8851

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To William Spottiswoode   [8 April 1873] …
  • … DAR 96: 169–70 Charles Robert Darwin unstated [8 Apr 1873] William Spottiswoode …
  • … Archer Hirst. CD evidently called on Spottiswoode on 7 April 1873 (see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] ). …
  • … and the letter to John Tyndall, 8 April [1873] . CD refers to Joseph Dalton Hooker, John …
  • … Henry Huxley, see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] and n.  2. See also letter …
  • … to T.  H.  Huxley, 23 April 1873 . Erasmus Alvey Darwin. Thomas …

From John Tyndall   8 April [1873]

Summary

William Spottiswoode was not at home, but JT sought out Herbert Spencer. Spencer will come with JT to see CD [about the Huxley fund].

Author:  John Tyndall
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 106: C10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8849

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From John Tyndall   8 April [1873] …
  • … DAR 106: C10 John Tyndall Royal Institution 8 Apr [1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the reference to a meeting that took place on 8 April 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …
  • … letter to William Spottiswoode, [8 April 1873] ). William Spottiswoode. Herbert Spencer …
  • … Henry Huxley, including CD, met on 8 April 1873 to discuss a plan to raise a subscription …
  • … him out of financial difficulties (see letter to William Spottiswoode, [8 April 1873] ). …

To John Tyndall   8 April [1873]

Summary

CD will write to William Spottiswoode about the fund for Huxley. CD is raising his subscription to £300. "We have done a good day’s work … [it] gives me a higher opinion of human nature than I had before, though I am not one of those who think lowly of mankind."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Tyndall
Date:  8 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 13 (EH 88205951)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8850

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Tyndall   8 April [1873] …
  • … 13 (EH 88205951) Charles Robert Darwin London, Montague St, 16 8 Apr [1873] John Tyndall …
  • … the reference to a meeting that took place on 8 April 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …
  • … letter to William Spottiswoode, [8 April 1873] ). See …
  • … letter to William Spottiswoode, [8 April 1873] . CD had evidently met Spottiswoode on 7  …
  • … Lubbock & Co. (see letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 23 April 1873 ). Erasmus Alvey Darwin. …
Document type
letter (63)
Date
1873
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01 (1)
02 (2)
03 (4)
04 (1)
05 (1)
06 (2)
07 (6)
08 (3)
09 (2)
10 (1)
11 (2)
12 (1)
13 (1)
15 (3)
16 (3)
17 (4)
18 (1)
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21 (2)
22 (1)
23 (1)
24 (2)
25 (8)
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005 - Charles Darwin to Mary Treat, 12 August 1873 Darwin writes to Treat to …

Science, Work and Manliness

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters In 1859, popular didactic writer William Landels published the first edition of what proved to be one of his best-selling works, How Men Are Made. "It is by work, work, work" he told his middle class audience, …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9157 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
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