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From Francis Darwin   [1–15 March 1873]

Summary

Has sent Vichy water, discusses prescription. Tell Arthur Parslow not to continue on colchicum for gout if doesn’t suit him. May go to Pryor’s on Sunday.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1-15 Mar 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8714F

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [1–15 March 1873] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 10 Francis Darwin [1-15 Mar 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Robert Pryor had visited Down with Moore on 1 March 1873. …
  • … the Darwins left Down for London on 15 March 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). George …
  • … 294). Emma Darwin recorded in her diary, ‘began Arsenic’ on 13 March 1873, and ‘Left off …
  • … Arsenic’ on 5 April 1873 (DAR 242). Moore, a friend of Francis’s …
  • … at Cambridge University, qualified as a medical doctor on 30 January 1873 ( Medical Times …
  • … and Gazette 1 (1873): 156; ODNB ). Arthur Parslow was the son of CD’ …
  • … Joseph Parslow. Moore visited Down on 1 March 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Emma Darwin had influenza from 26 February 1873 until about 6 March (Emma Darwin’s diary ( …
  • … 242); letter from Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [6 March 1873], DAR 258: 573). Marlborough …

From Francis Darwin   [after March 1873]

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Summary

Has investigated whether it makes a difference if extracts [of alkaloid poisons] are made from leaves, seeds, or roots.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after Mar 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 133
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9199

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [after March 1873] …
  • … 58.1: 133 Francis Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 [after Mar 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … The date is established by the publication of Klein et al. 1873 in …
  • … late March 1873 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 1 April 1873, p.  222; see n.   …
  • … letter from Francis Darwin, [after March 1873] and n.  2. Francis Darwin refers to Dalton  …
  • … Digestion and secretion’ in Klein et al. 1873, p.  422. Francis refers to Alfred Baring …

From Francis Darwin   [after March 1873]

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Summary

Fears [CD’s] albumen theory will not work because albumen is coagulated and filtered out in making extracts of belladonna, hyoscyamine, and colchicine [alkaloid poisons].

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after Mar 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 132
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9198

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [after March 1873] …
  • … DAR 58.1: 132 Francis Darwin unstated [after Mar 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter from Francis Darwin, [after March 1873]. Francis refers to Atropa belladonna ( …
  • … letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 25 July 1873  and n.  4. Casein is a milk protein, but …

From James Crichton-Browne   2 March 1873

Summary

Thanks for Expression. Will write paper on it in next [July] West Riding Asylum Medical Report.

Sends photos of lunatics;

will send notes corroborative of CD’s views, including some on "hereditarily transmitted movements".

Author:  James Crichton-Browne
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 161: 318
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8795

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From James Crichton-Browne   2 March 1873
  • … 318 James Crichton-Browne West Riding Asylum, Wakefield 2 Mar 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … under the photograph. See letter to James Crichton-Browne, 28 February [1873] and n.  2. …
  • … Riding Asylum, | Wakefield. 2 nd. March 1873. My dear Sir, If you could see my face at the …
  • … letter to James Crichton-Browne, 28 February [1873] and n 4, and Correspondence vol.  20, …
  • … the Metropolitan Asylum, Leavesden, Hertfordshire ( Medical directory 1873), appeared in …
  • … the April 1873 issue ( Journal of Mental Science n.s.   …
  • … 49 (1873): 93–122). In his paper on the use of nitrite of amyl in the treatment of …
  • … Expression , pp.  325–6; Crichton-Browne 1873, p.  153). The photographs are probably some …
  • … from D r J.  Crichton Browne | March 4 th 1873 | Perhaps of no direct use— | The insane …

To Agnes Haeckel   [before 3 March 1873]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Agnes Haeckel
Date:  [before 3 Mar 1873]
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus, Jena (Bestand A [34831])
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8703F

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Agnes Haeckel    [before 3 March 1873] …
  • … A [34831]) Charles Robert Darwin [before 3 Mar 1873] Agnes Haeckel Darwin, C. R. Haeckel, …
  • … to a letter from Ernst Haeckel of 23 February 1873 (see Correspondence vol. 21). Ludwik …
  • … Agnes Haeckel to Ernst Haeckel of 3 March 1873; see n. 3, below. The original letter from …
  • … are in a letter from Agnes Haeckel to Ernst Haeckel dated 3 March 1873. CD was responding …

From Thomas Meehan   3 March 1873

Summary

Although he believes in evolution, TM feels that natural selection is an inadequate cause;

nor is he satisfied with E. D. Cope’s law of acceleration and retardation.

Discusses some of his work relating to nutrition and sex and colour and sex.

Author:  Thomas Meehan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 109
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8796

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Thomas Meehan   3 March 1873
  • … 109 Thomas Meehan Gardeners’ Monthly , Germantown, Pa. 3 Mar 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Washakie Basin areas of Wyoming in 1872 to 1873, see Osborn 1931, pp.  177–94; neither of …

From Henry Reeks   3 March 1873

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Summary

Praise for and detailed comments on Expression.

Two cases of coloration in animals – one from sexual selection, the other helping to procure prey [see Descent, 2d ed., pp. 542–3].

Author:  Henry Stephen (Henry) Reeks
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 88: 105
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8703

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Henry Reeks   3 March 1873
  • … DAR 88: 105 Henry Stephen (Henry) Reeks unstated 3 Mar 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Remarks by Henry Reeks (see his letter) March 3 d 1873 on my Book on Expression. —’ ink …
  • … End, | East Woodhay, | Newbury— March 3 rd . 1873 My dear M r . Darwin, I have just closed …
  • … see letter to Henry Reeks, 5 March [1873] ). In Expression , p.  46, CD described how some …
  • … birds and plants (Reeks 1869 and Reeks 1873). The Mi’kmaq are native inhabitants of the …
  • … in 1867 (Reeks 1869, p.  1854; Reeks 1873, p.  1). See Expression , p.  32. See …
  • … identified in his letter to Reeks of 5 March [1873] as himself, trembling so much from joy …

To James Crichton-Browne   4 March [1873]

Summary

Pleased that JC-B will review Expression.

Fears he will not be able to improve the book with JC-B’s "wonderfully curious" photographs because Murray printed such a large edition.

Would be glad to have JC-B’s notes on inheritance – "a most important subject".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  4 Mar [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 343
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8798

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To James Crichton-Browne   4 March [1873] …
  • … DAR 143: 343 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Mar [1873] James Crichton-Browne …
  • … Paget has been found. See letter from James Crichton-Browne, 2 March 1873  and n.  5. CD’s …
  • … see letter from John Murray, 10 February [1873] and n.  2); there were no further English …
  • … CD’s lifetime. See letter from James Crichton-Browne, 2 March 1873  and nn.  2 and 4. …
  • … the letter from James Crichton-Browne, 2 March 1873 . CD had written to Crichton-Browne to …
  • … see letter to James Crichton-Browne, 28 February [1873] , and letter from James …
  • … Crichton-Browne, 2 March 1873  and n.  1. CD was mistaken; …
  • … from James Crichton-Browne, 2 March 1873 ). For reviews of Expression , see Appendix IV. …

To V. O. Kovalevsky   4 March 1873

Summary

[Empty cover]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky
Date:  [4 Mar 1873]
Classmark:  Sweden
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13905F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To V.  O.  Kovalevsky   4 March 1873
  • … Sweden Charles Robert Darwin [4 Mar 1873] Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky …

From C.-F. Reinwald   4 March 1873

Summary

Recounts the difficulties in preparing the French translation of Origin: the 1870 war, the illness and death of J. J. Moulinié, the alterations and additions from the 6th English edition. Despite competition from Royer’s three editions, Reinwald is contemplating a new edition.

Descent, vol. 1, has almost sold out. Offers CD £40 for rights to reprint a corrected version of Descent.

Author:  Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 176: 99
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8797

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From C. -F.  Reinwald   4 March 1873
  • … DAR 176: 99 Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald Paris 4 Mar 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Moulinié’s translation of Origin (Moulinié trans.  1873) has been found. Moulinié began …
  • … translation of Origin (Moulinié trans.  1873) using the fifth English edition, switched to …
  • … revisions by Edmond Barbier, appeared in two volumes in 1873 and 1874 (Moulinié trans.   …
  • 1873–4), and Barbier later produced a new translation from the second English edition ( …
  • … of civilisation (Lubbock 1870 and Lubbock 1873). The first and second French translations …
  • … Moulinié trans.  1872 and Moulinié trans.  1873–4) were both published in two octavo …

To G. H. Darwin   5 March [1873]

Summary

Distressed by the poor health of GHD and Horace. Asks them to come home.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  5 Mar [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8799

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   5 March [1873] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 9 Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Mar [1873] George Howard Darwin …
  • … to Emma Darwin sent from Cannes in February 1873, George recounted a meeting with Edward …
  • … this letter and the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 22 January 1873 . George Howard Darwin …
  • … and Horace Darwin left home on 10 January 1873 to travel to Cannes (Emma Darwin’s diary ( …
  • … 242); letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 22 January 1873 ). Two of George’s letters to Emma Darwin …
  • … G.  H.  Darwin to Emma Darwin, 27 February [1873] (DAR 210.2: 25)); he and Horace had also …
  • … Montague Street, London, from 15 March 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Robert Waring …

From W. H. Hall   5 March 1873

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Summary

Asks CD about the origin of certain expressions in man.

Author:  William Honnywill Hall
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 53.2: 123
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8800

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From W.  H.  Hall   5 March 1873
  • … 123 William Honnywill Hall London, Stanley Crescent, 5 5 Mar 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Crescent. | Kensington Park. W. March 5. 1873. Sir, Having read with much interest your “ …

To Henry Reeks   5 March [1873]

Summary

Thanks for HR’s valuable remarks about Expression, and returns HRs copy, signed.

Discusses some of HR’s anecdotes about children sucking their tongues.

Admits that the youth who trembled so that he could not reload his gun after killing his first snipe was himself, when a school-boy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Stephen (Henry) Reeks
Date:  5 Mar [1873]
Classmark:  Cornell University, Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections (James Needham Papers: Collection 21-23-479, Box 3: 28)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8796F

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Henry Reeks   5 March [1873] …
  • … 21-23-479, Box 3: 28) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Mar [1873] Henry Stephen (Henry) Reeks …
  • … between this letter and the letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 . See enclosure …
  • … to letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873  and n.  1. In Expression , pp.  111–14, CD …
  • … ambiguous reports about wild boar. See letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873  and n.  14. …
  • … See letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873  and n.  16, and Expression , p.  67. …

From W. F. Collier   7 March 1873

Summary

Opposes all corporal punishment. Pleased CD agrees with his pamphlet.

Author:  Collier, W. F.
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 161: 211
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8801

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From W.  F.  Collier   7 March 1873
  • … DAR 161: 211 Collier, W. F. Horrabridge 7 Mar 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the system of handicapping of racehorses; in 1873, he gave evidence to the House of Lords …
  • … Woodtown Horrabridge 7 March 1873 Dear Sir I am very glad indeed to find that my pamphlet …
  • … 1872) with his letter of 22 February 1873. CD’s letter to Collier has not been found. An …
  • … pp.  310–11. In his letter of 22 February 1873, Collier had suggested that the speed of …

From Henry Reeks   8 March 1873

Summary

Insists that suckling babies pound and scratch mothers’ breasts. Perhaps CD’s evidence to the contrary comes from ladies, who only expose small portion of bosom, as opposed to working-class women.

Author:  Henry Stephen (Henry) Reeks
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 176: 82
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8802

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Henry Reeks   8 March 1873
  • … DAR 176: 82 Henry Stephen (Henry) Reeks Newbury 8 Mar 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … was published after CD’s death. See letter to Henry Reeks, 5 March [1873] and n.  5. …
  • … See letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873  and n.   …
  • … 1, and letter to Henry Reeks, 5 March [1873] . Jan Swammerdam. …
  • … See letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873  and n.   …
  • … 2, and letter to Henry Reeks, 5 March [1873] . William L.  P.   …
  • … Reeks; see letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 . See …
  • … letter to Henry Reeks, 5 March [1873] . Reeks’s observation was added to Expression 2d …
  • … End, | East Woodhay, | Newbury— March 8 th . 1873 My dear M r Darwin, I found your kind …

From F. B. Johnston   9 March 1873

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Summary

Various observations on sexual selection portion of Descent – ostriches, rosy-billed duck, egrets, rails, etc.

Author:  F. B Johnston
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 88: 183–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8803

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From F.  B.  Johnston   9 March 1873
  • … DAR 88: 183–4 F. B Johnston London 9 Mar 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Co.  were iron and patent cut nail merchants ( Post Office London directory 1873). …
  • … London 9. March 1873. Sir Having lately read with great interest your “Descent of Man”; I …

From Athénaïs Michelet   9 March 1873

Summary

Thanks CD for one of his books.

Author:  Adèle-Athénaïs Mialaret (Athénaïs) Michelet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 173
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8804

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From Athénaïs Michelet    9 March 1873
  • … 173 Adèle-Athénaïs Mialaret (Athénaïs) Michelet Paris 9 Mar 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …

To J. T. Moggridge   10 March 1873

Summary

Much obliged for seeds. Will expose seeds to chemical vapours.

Comments on JTM’s spider experiments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Traherne Moggridge
Date:  10 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 146: 379
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8805

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  T.  Moggridge   10 March 1873
  • … DAR 146: 379 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Mar 1873 John Traherne Moggridge …
  • … able, once the hoods were removed, to peck for food and judge distances (Spalding 1873). …
  • … s observations on seeds stored in ants’ nests (Moggridge 1873; see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 27 January [1873] and n.  9, letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 20 February 1873  and n.  3, and letter to J.   …
  • … Down Beckenham Mar.  10. 1873 My dear Sir I am very much obliged for the seeds. I had some …
  • … D.   Hooker, 21 February [1873] ). The details of CD’s experiments are not known, but see …
  • … the letters from J.  T.  Moggridge, 22 July 1873 and …
  • … 30 July 1873, in which he describes the experiments he carried out at CD’s suggestion. …
  • … in London from 15 March until 10 April 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). No letter from …
  • … on captive spiders carried out during 1873; these included experiments that suggested …

From H. F. H. Elliot to G. H. Darwin   [before 11 March 1873?]

Summary

Instinctive responses in animals.

Author:  Hugh Frederic Hislop Elliot
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin; [Darwin, G. H.?]
Date:  [before 11 Mar 1873?]
Classmark:  DAR 163: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7422

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From H.  F.  H.  Elliot to G.  H.  Darwin   [before 11 March 1873? ] …
  • … Hislop Elliot unstated [before 11 Mar 1873? ] Charles Robert Darwin [Darwin, G. H. ? ] …
  • … Darwin that can be dated to early March 1873 (see n.  2, below), and from the reference to …
  • … third Irish bill was defeated on 11 March 1873 (see n.  4, below). CD had given a number …
  • … George’s letter to Emma of [early March 1873] (DAR 210.2: 27). George wrote, ‘I send an …
  • … defeated in a vote in Parliament on 11 March 1873, forcing the resignation of the prime …

To A. W. Bennett   11 March [1873]

Summary

Asks about woodblocks of illustrations for Climbing plants [1875].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred William Bennett
Date:  11 Mar [1873]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (438)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9350

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To A.  W.  Bennett   11 March [1873] …
  • … Society (438) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Mar [1873] Alfred William Bennett …
  • … for Climbing plants 2d ed.  in January 1873 (Journal (Appendix II)); it was published by …
  • … letter from A.  W.  Bennett, 16 March 1873 . Bennett had been subeditor of Nature since …
Document type
letter (51)
Date
1873
03
01 (3)
02 (1)
03 (3)
04 (3)
05 (3)
07 (1)
08 (1)
09 (2)
10 (1)
11 (3)
12 (1)
13 (2)
14 (1)
16 (1)
17 (2)
18 (2)
19 (3)
20 (1)
21 (2)
22 (2)
24 (1)
25 (1)
26 (4)
27 (3)
29 (1)
30 (2)
31 (1)
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005 - Charles Darwin to Mary Treat, 12 August 1873 Darwin writes to Treat to …

Science, Work and Manliness

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters In 1859, popular didactic writer William Landels published the first edition of what proved to be one of his best-selling works, How Men Are Made. "It is by work, work, work" he told his middle class audience, …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9157 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
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