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To ?[a New Orleans newspaper]   [c. February 1873]

Summary

CD responds to a poem, "Comus", and a New Orleans Mardi Gras editorial; he cannot tell from the "wonderful mistakes" whether the writer is "witty, ignorant, or blunders for the sake of fun".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  New Orleans newspaper
Date:  [c. Feb 1873]
Classmark:  Benfey (1997):179
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8753F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To ? [a New Orleans newspaper]   [ c. February 1873] …
  • … Benfey (1997):179 Charles Robert Darwin [c. Feb 1873] New Orleans newspaper …

From W. M. Canby   1 February 1873

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Summary

At Asa Gray’s request, responds to CD’s questions about WMC’s observations on Dionaea and particularly about the size of the insects captured and the excitability of the leaves after an insect is captured.

Author:  William Marriott Canby
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Feb 1873
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8755

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From W.  M.  Canby   1 February 1873
  • … DAR 58.1: 25 William Marriott Canby Wilmington, Del. 1 Feb 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Wilmington Delaware U.S.A. Febr.  1 st 1873 Mr.  C.  Darwin | Down, Beckingham, Kent, …
  • … me your letter to him dated Jan.  8 th 1873, in which you inquire about some observations …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 8 January 1873  and n.  1. For Canby’s observations on Dionaea …

To J. V. Carus   1 February 1873

Summary

Has no corrections for second German edition [of Expression]. Plans to bring out an improved edition in a year or two.

Thanks for reference JVC sent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  1 Feb 1873
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859 Darwin, Charles, Bl. 53
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8754

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   1 February 1873
  • … Lc 1859 Darwin, Charles, Bl. 53 Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Feb 1873 Julius Victor Carus …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Feb 1 1873 My dear Sir I am glad to hear of the new edit. I have …
  • … See letter from J.  V.  Carus, 29 January 1873  and n.  1; CD refers to the new German …
  • … See letter from J.  V.  Carus, 29 January 1873  and n.  3. CD’s publisher, John Murray, …

To John Chapman   1 February 1873

Summary

Thanks for Chapman 1873 (Chapman, John. 1873. Neuralgia and kindred diseases of the nervous system).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Chapman
Date:  1 Feb 1873
Classmark:  Western University Archives, History of Medicine Collection, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada (A04-011-051)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8751F

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To John Chapman   1 February 1873
  • … Thanks for Chapman 1873 (Chapman, John. …
  • 1873. Neuralgia and kindred diseases of the nervous system ). …
  • … London, Ontario, Canada (A04-011-051) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Feb 1873 John Chapman …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Feb 1 1873 My dear Sir I am very much obliged to you for your …
  • … system in the Darwin Library–Down (Chapman 1873; see Marginalia 1: 165). CD had tried …
  • … cited CD’s comments on wisdom teeth from Descent 1: 26–7 in Chapman 1873, pp. 184–5. …

From J. T. Moggridge   1 February 1873

Summary

He does not accept Wallace’s definition of instinct because it excludes "inherited experience", i.e., "knowledge acquired by and transmitted through ancestors".

House-flies do not seem to have an instinctive fear of trap-door spiders.

Miss Forster gives him news of CD.

Author:  John Traherne Moggridge
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Feb 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 217
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8756

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  T.  Moggridge   1 February 1873
  • … DAR 171: 217 John Traherne Moggridge Mentone 1 Feb 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … building in trapdoor spiders (see Moggridge 1873, pp.  128–30). Laura May Forster was a …
  • … her observations on ants in Algiers (Moggridge 1873, p.  52). The enclosure has not been …
  • … Gastaldy | Mentone | ( France ) 1 Feb. | 1873 My dear M r . Darwin Your most kind letter …
  • … ants and trap-door spiders (Moggridge 1873) and wrote ‘it seems to me capital’ ( letter to …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 27 January [1873] ). Alfred Russel Wallace’s definition of instinct …

To F. S. B. F. de Chaumont   3 February [1873]

Summary

Thanks for J. D. MacDonald’s paper ["Distribution of invertebrata", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 21 (1872–3): 218–23].

CD feels lines of genetic connection between animals offer a most difficult problem; Ernst Haeckel may have done mischief by facing the difficulty.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Stephen Bennet François de Chaumont
Date:  3 Feb [1873]
Classmark:  Wellcome Library (RAMC/474/2); Trustees of the Army Medical Services Museum
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8757

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To F.  S.  B.  F.  de Chaumont   3 February [1873] …
  • … Museum Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Feb [1873] Francis Stephen Bennet François de Chaumont …
  • … the letter from F.  S.  B.  F.  de Chaumont, 31 January 1873 . See letter from F.  S.   …
  • … B.  F.  de Chaumont, 31 January 1873  and n.  1. …
  • … John Denis Macdonald’s paper was read on 20 March 1873 and published in the Proceedings of …
  • … the Royal Society of London (Macdonald 1873). Macdonald had drawn up a physiological …
  • … scheme for invertebrates (Macdonald 1873, pp.  219, 223). This classification reversed the …
  • … F.  S.  B.  F.  de Chaumont, 31 January 1873  and n.  2. In Expression , pp.  265–6, CD …

To W. B. Dawkins   3 February 1873

Summary

A letter of recommendation for W. B. Dawkins in his application for the Woodwardian professorship of geology in the university of Cambridge.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Boyd Dawkins
Date:  3 Feb 1873
Classmark:  Cambridge University Archives (GEOL 9/*1 2b)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8757F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To W.  B.  Dawkins   3 February 1873
  • … Archives (GEOL 9/*1 2b) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Feb 1873 William Boyd Dawkins …
  • … chair from 1818 until his death in January 1873. The post went to Thomas McKenny Hughes ( …
  • … Down, Beckenham, Kent. February 3, 1873. My dear Sir, I have great pleasure in expressing …

To J. E. Gray   4 February [1873]

Summary

Is glad JEG has made out what the guemul is ["On the Guémul", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 4th ser. 10 (1872): 445–6; 11 (1873): 214–20, 308–10].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Edward Gray
Date:  4 Feb [1873]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (411)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8758

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  E.  Gray   4 February [1873] …
  • … Philosophical Society (411) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Feb [1873] John Edward Gray …
  • … the Guémul", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 4th ser. 10 (1872): 445–6; 11 (1873): 214–20, 308–10]. …
  • … further parts appeared in March and April 1873). In 1869, Gray had suffered a paralytic …

To E. H. Giglioli   6 February [1873]

Summary

Thanks his Italian colleague for articles on the skull of a chimpanzee.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Enrico Hillyer Giglioli
Date:  6 Feb [1873]
Classmark:  Andrusier Autographs (dealer) (22 November 2013)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8201A

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To E.  H.  Giglioli   6 February [1873] …
  • … dealer) (22 November 2013) Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 Feb [1873] Enrico Hillyer Giglioli …
  • … from his ardent admirer and fond desciple | Florence 2 Feb.  1873. Enrico H.  Giglioli’. …

From C. I. F. Major   6 February 1873

Summary

Cannot find a publisher for Italian translation of Expression. Gives up the project.

Author:  Charles Immanuel Forsyth Major
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Feb 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8759

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From C.  I.  F.  Major    6 February 1873
  • … DAR 171: 30 Charles Immanuel Forsyth Major Pisa 6 Feb 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Pise 6 févr.  1873 Très honoré Monsieur, Après avoir reçu des refus de deux éditeurs, je …
  • … November 1872). CD’s letter of 31 January 1873 has not been found, but in a letter to John …
  • … Pisa 6 Feb.  1873 Most honoured Sir After receiving a rejection from two editors, I have …

From F. B. Goodacre   7 February 1873

Summary

Would like a museum set up illustrating origins, varieties, and uses of domestic animals; seeks CD’s approval of the idea.

Author:  Francis Burges Goodacre
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Feb 1873
Classmark:  DAR 165: 62
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8760

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From F.  B.  Goodacre   7 February 1873
  • … DAR 165: 62 Francis Burges Goodacre Attleborough, Norfolk 7 Feb 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …

From T. H. Huxley   [8 February 1873]

Summary

Forwards Matthew Arnold’s Literature and dogma [1873].

Hopes they can secure Hooker for President of Royal Society.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [8 Feb 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 166: 328
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8761

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   [8 February 1873] …
  • … DAR 166: 328 Thomas Henry Huxley unstated [8 Feb 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Matthew Arnold’s Literature and dogma [1873]. Hopes they can secure Hooker for President …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter to Matthew Arnold, 9 February [1873] . …
  • … Matthew Arnold’s Literature & dogma (Arnold 1873) was published in early …
  • … February ( Publishers’ Circular , 17 February 1873, p.  114). …
  • … Dalton Hooker was elected president of the Royal Society of London in 1873 ( ODNB ). …

To Matthew Arnold   9 February [1873]

Summary

Thanks MA for his Literature and dogma [1873].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Matthew Arnold
Date:  9 Feb [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 221.5: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8762

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Matthew Arnold   9 February [1873] …
  • … Thanks MA for his Literature and dogma [1873]. …
  • … DAR 221.5: 1 Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Feb [1873] Matthew Arnold …
  • … The year is established by the reference to Arnold 1873 (see letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, [8 February 1873] and n.  2). See letter …
  • … from T.  H.  Huxley, [8 February 1873] and n.  2. See letter …
  • … from T.  H.  Huxley, [8 February 1873] . …

From John Murray   10 February [1873]

Summary

Encloses cheque for 1000 guineas, CD’s share of profits on first 7000 copies of Expression.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Feb [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 435
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8763

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From John Murray   10 February [1873] …
  • … DAR 171: 435 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 10 Feb [1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … account (Down House MS) for 12 February 1873 records the receipt of £1050 ‘From M r …

To F. B. Goodacre   11 February [1873]

Summary

Thinks FBG’s idea of a room at the British Museum of domestic birds and animals an excellent one, but a collection of plants would be much more difficult.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Burges Goodacre
Date:  11 Feb [1873]
Classmark:  John Goodacre (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8763F

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To F.  B.  Goodacre   11 February [1873] …
  • … private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Feb [1873] Francis Burges Goodacre …
  • … this letter and the letter from F.  B.  Goodacre, 7 February 1873 . See letter from F.   …
  • … B.  Goodacre, 7 February 1873 . Goodacre quoted this part of CD’s sentence …
  • … in a letter published in Country: a Journal of Rural Pursuits , 15 May 1873, pp.  8–9. …

To C. I. F. Major   11 February 1873

Summary

Is sorry that CIFM has had to give up translating Expression into Italian.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Immanuel Forsyth Major
Date:  11 Feb 1873
Classmark:  Kotte Autographs (30 October 2008)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8763G

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To C.  I.  F.  Major   11 February 1873
  • … 30 October 2008) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Feb 1873 Charles Immanuel Forsyth Major …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Feb 11. 1873 Dear Sir I am very much obliged for yr note, & am …
  • … letter from C.  I.  F.  Major, 6 February 1873 . The other prospective translator has not …
  • … from C.  I.  F.  Major, 6 February 1873  and n.  2. No correspondence with Canestrini and …

To Nature   [before 13 February 1873]

Summary

Sends a letter from William Huggins about a case of inherited fright in three generations of mastiffs. Discusses the different origins of instincts and their inheritance.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 13 Feb 1873]
Classmark:  Nature, 13 February 1873, pp. 281–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8765

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Nature    [before 13 February 1873] …
  • … Nature , 13 February 1873, pp.  281– …
  • … 2 Charles Robert Darwin unstated [before 13 Feb 1873] Nature …

From E. M. Swanwick   [after 13 February 1873]

Summary

Gives a case of peculiar behaviour in cats that apparently is inherited.

Author:  Eustace Maclean Swanwick
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 13 Feb 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 325
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8793

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From E.  M.  Swanwick   [after 13 February 1873] …
  • … Maclean Swanwick London, Torrington Square [after 13 Feb 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and the letter to Nature , [before 13 February 1873] (see n.  3, below). No earlier letter …
  • … from Swanwick has been found. See letter to Nature , [before 13 February 1873]. This …
  • … letter was published in Nature , 13 February 1873, pp.  281–2. …

From Mariabella Fry   15 February 1873

Summary

Remarks on the "grief-muscles" shown in a Dürer picture.

Author:  Mariabella Fry
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Feb 1873
Classmark:  DAR 164: 220
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8767

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Mariabella Fry   15 February 1873
  • … DAR 164: 220 Mariabella Fry Highgate 15 Feb 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … deceased masters of the British school, 1873 , p.  17 (www.racollection.org.uk, accessed …

From Francis Galton to William Huggins   15 February 1873

Summary

Returns family documents about "Kepler" [William Huggins’ dog, see Collected papers 2: 170–1]; there is still some sort of investigation into the "precise mental condition" of "Kepler" and his relatives.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  William Huggins
Date:  15 Feb 1873
Classmark:  DAR 105: A72–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8766

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Francis Galton to William Huggins   15 February 1873
  • … DAR 105: A72–3 Francis Galton London, Rutland Gate, 42 15 Feb 1873 William Huggins …
  • … his letter to Nature , [before 13 February 1873]. Huggins had evidently contacted Galton …
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

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  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

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  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

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  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

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  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

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  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

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  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

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  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

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  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

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  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

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  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

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  • … Letter 9005 - Charles Darwin to Mary Treat, 12 August 1873 Darwin writes to Treat to …

Science, Work and Manliness

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters In 1859, popular didactic writer William Landels published the first edition of what proved to be one of his best-selling works, How Men Are Made. "It is by work, work, work" he told his middle class audience, …

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  • … Letter 9157 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
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