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From J. D. Hooker   25 January 1859

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Summary

Relieved by Wallace’s letter.

At work on introductory essay to Flora Tasmaniae.

European plants naturalised in Australia are almost all adapted to invading disturbed ground.

JDH supports Asa Gray against Alphonse de Candolle as foreign member of Royal Society.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Jan 1859
Classmark:  DAR 100: 131–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2404

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Society until 1869. Asa Gray was elected in 1873 (Royal Society of London 1940). The death …

From J. D. Hooker   26[–8] October 1864

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Summary

Comments at length on Ramsay’s glacial paper ["On the erosion of valleys and lakes", Philos. Mag. 4th ser. 28 (1864): 293–311]. Prefers it to Tyndall, but unconvinced about sea action and unwilling to grant that ice power sculptures the totality of landscape.

Unwilling to support Wallace for Royal Medal.

Herbert Spencer’s noisy vacuity.

Garden varieties that are constant and infertile with parent deserve to be called species.

Scott ineligible to be Linnean Society associate because he is not in England.

George Busk’s incoherent talk on Gibraltar cave fossils.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26[–8] Oct 1864
Classmark:  DAR 101: 247–53
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4645

Matches: 1 hit

  • … a fellow of the Linnean Society in 1873 (R.  Desmond 1994). Hooker refers to Edward …

From J. D. Hooker   [2 June 1865]

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JDH on the Lyell–Lubbock plagiarism controversy. His view of the true cause of Lubbock’s behaviour.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2 June 1865]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 24–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4849

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of Antiquity of man did not appear until 1873, by which time Lyell had made substantial …

From J. D. Hooker   [22 May 1870]

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Summary

Willy is back from New Zealand. JDH perturbed by what to do with him.

J. W. Dawson’s Bakerian lecture for Royal Society is full of errors, and JDH is forced to recommend that it not be published. [An abstract of the lecture was published: "On the pre-Carboniferous floras of north-eastern America", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 18 (1869–70): 333–5.]

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [22 May 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 47–50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7198

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Bentham and Hooker 1862–83). The first part of the second volume appeared in 1873. …

From J. D. Hooker   1 January 1872

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Gladstone’s private secretary [West] has written that the Government plans to alter JDH’s position with regard to the First Commissioner of Works [Ayrton].

Huxley is not better after his Brighton trip.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Jan 1872
Classmark:  DAR 103: 101–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8136

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Museum. Building work did not begin until 1873, and the museum opened in 1881. The first …

From J. D. Hooker   29 October 1872

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Sends Mrs Barber’s address.

Gratified that CD hates Owen. Hopes Owen will not answer Nature letter and draw JDH into controversy. Owen’s letter was not intended for Ayrton to use. Its appearance must have horrified him.

State of Huxley’s health makes JDH uneasy.

Willy is in a stockbroker’s office in London and likes it.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Oct 1872
Classmark:  DAR 103: 128–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8584

Matches: 1 hit

  • … built. Building began on the new museum in 1873 and it was opened to the public in 1881 ( …

From J. D. Hooker   8 November 1872

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Has been asked to take shares in the Artizans’ Dwellings Co., in which CD is a shareholder. If it is really a project for public good, he would be glad to be associated.

Owen has answered his letter in Nature [7 (1872): 5–7].

A letter from Tyndall [from America] was read at the X Club.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Nov 1872
Classmark:  DAR 103: 130–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8609

Matches: 2 hits

  • … lecturing on light in the United States in the winter of 1872 and 1873; his lectures were …
  • … published in Tyndall 1873. Hooker and Tyndall were both members of the X Club, a dining …

From J. D. Hooker   7 January 1873

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Fascinated by Greg’s Enigmas, though its matter is weak.

Is vexed at being drawn into hostility toward British Museum through William Carruthers’ insolence and presumption.

Recounts visit with Edward Cardwell [Secretary for War].

Has sent Candolle’s book to Gladstone.

JDH indignant at Gladstone’s speech putting English science below French and German.

Thinks it is an accepted dogma that glandular hairs are excreting only. Will ask others to confirm.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 140–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8727

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   7 January 1873
  • … DAR 103: 140–5 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 7 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … refers to CD’s letter to him of 5 January [1873]; the last extant letter from CD to Hooker …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  3. William Rathbone Greg’s Enigmas …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5  January [1873] and n.  6). William Ewart Gladstone was …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  7. William Carruthers was keeper of …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  9). Gladstone’s address was published …
  • … in The Times , 23 December 1872, p.  8, and published by John Murray in 1873 ( …
  • … Gladstone 1873). Hooker refers to Gladstone 1869 ( Iuventus mundi (Latin): the youth of …
  • … president of the Royal Society of London from 1873 to 1878 ( ODNB ). His opponent in the …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] . Hooker was employing Thiselton-Dyer part- …
  • … Lehrbuch der Botanik (Sachs 1870 and 1873; Sachs 1875). Miles Joseph Berkeley. Selaginella …

From J. D. Hooker   12 January 1873

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Summary

Drosophyllum is coming from Dublin. Will ship it to Down when it arrives.

The awful honour of Presidency of Royal Society; his aversion to dignities and honours.

R. Strachey [Proc. R. Geogr. Soc. (1873): 450] has paid him and CD a compliment.

Letter from Gladstone.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 146–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8732

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   12 January 1873
  • … DAR 103: 146–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 12 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … honours. R. Strachey [ Proc. R. Geogr. Soc. (1873): 450] has paid him and CD a compliment. …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  3. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January 1873  and n.  6. Hooker refers to Hermann Schacht, Julius …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January 1873  and n.  3. Hooker refers to William Ewart …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] . Hooker had been invited to stand for …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873 and n.  15). ‘Uneasy lies the head that …

From J. D. Hooker   [13 or 20 January 1873]

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The Drosophyllum goes to Orpington by train this evening.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Jan 1873 or 20 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 138–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8734

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [13 or 20 January 1873] …
  • … DAR 103: 138–9 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated 13 Jan 1873 20 …
  • … Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … this letter, the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873 , and the letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 20 January 1873 . …
  • … In 1873, 13 and 20 January were Mondays. Hooker refers to Drosophyllum lusitanicum (the …
  • … that CD wanted to experiment on. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  3. …

From J. D. Hooker   20 January 1873

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Hopes Drosophyllum was all right.

Opinion of Council of Royal Society [on Presidency] is twelve for JDH, five for Duke of Devonshire, and G. B. Airy for William Spottiswoode.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 148
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8742

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   20 January 1873
  • … DAR 103: 148 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated 20 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  3, and letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873, and [13  …
  • … or 20 January 1873]. Hooker refers to John Smith, curator of the Royal Botanic Gardens, …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873  and n.  15). He refers to William Cavendish, …

From J. D. Hooker   20 February 1873

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Delighted with John Traherne Moggridge’s book [Harvesting ants (1873)].

Has suggested he plant seeds in various receptacles. Only two explanations for failure of seeds to germinate [in ants’ nests]: lack of circulating air or formic acid.

Has undertaken a botany primer for Macmillan.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Feb 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 149–50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8777

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   20 February 1873
  • … DAR 103: 149–50 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 20 Feb 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Moggridge’s book [ Harvesting ants (1873)]. Has suggested he plant seeds in various …
  • … Traherne Moggridge’s Harvesting ants and trap-door spiders (Moggridge 1873) was published …
  • … in January 1873 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 1 February 1873, p.  76). …
  • … In Moggridge 1873, pp.  24–5, Moggridge had noted that ants were able to check the …

From J. D. Hooker   [7 April 1873]

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Summary

Thinks the Huxley fund should be done. Difficulty will be getting him to accept it.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [7 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 153–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8847

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [7 April 1873] …
  • … DAR 103: 153–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [7 Apr 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Huxley’ took place on Tuesday 8 April 1873 and Hooker also came to lunch on Wednesday 9  …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] . …
  • … The Monday following 6 April 1873 was 7 April. See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] . According to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …
  • … Harriet Hooker had been to lunch with the Darwins on 28 March 1873. See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] and n.  1. The reference is to Thomas Henry Huxley. …

From J. D. Hooker   11 April 1873

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George Henslow is worse. All plans to go abroad have been given up. James Paget’s diagnoses enclosed.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 151–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8857

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   11 April 1873
  • … DAR 103: 151–2 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 11 Apr 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … William Bowman to J.  D.  Hooker, 11 April 1873 (DAR 160: 270)). The donation was for the …
  • … for Thomas Henry Huxley (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] and n.  2). …

From J. D. Hooker   25 April 1873

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Charmed by Huxley’s letter of appreciation [8873].

Lady Lyell’s sudden death.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 155–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8880

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   25 April 1873
  • … DAR 103: 155–6 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 25 Apr 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Hooker visited Down from 18 to 25 April 1873; Hooker arrived on 19 April but the length of …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 24 April 1873 . A copy of Thomas Henry Huxley’s letter was …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] and n.  2, and letter to subscribers to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley’s gift, [25 April 1873] ). For more on the death of Mary Elizabeth Lyell, see …
  • … 2  June 1873, p.  372). Anne Susan Horner was Mary Elizabeth Lyell’s mother. Hooker also …
  • … contemporary understanding of typhoid, see Budd 1873. According to Emma Darwin’s diary ( …
  • … E.  A.  Darwin to Emma Darwin, 24 April [1873] and n.  3. Katherine Murray Lyell was Mary …
  • … see letter to Charles Lyell, [9 April 1873] ). Charles Lyell, with the help of his …
  • … a new edition of Geological evidences of the antiquity of man (C.  Lyell 1873). The …
  • … revised edition was published in May 1873 ( Publishers’ Circular , …

From J. D. Hooker   30 June 1873

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Leaves Wednesday with Huxley for holiday.

Family news.

He too thinks well of Bentham’s address.

Asa Gray elected Foreign F.R.S.

G. J. Allman is being proposed for Royal Medal by JDH and Huxley.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 157–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8958

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   30 June 1873
  • … DAR 103: 157–8 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 30 June 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 28 June 1873 . Hooker travelled with Thomas Henry Huxley to …
  • … s wife, Mary Elizabeth, died on 24 April 1873. Lyell planned to tour the continent with …
  • … to Richard Strachey. See also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873  and n.  7. …
  • … Society (Bentham 1873b; see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 28 June 1873  and nn.  3 and 4). …
  • … member of the Royal Society of London in 1873 ( Record of the Royal Society of London ). …
  • … the Royal Society at the anniversary meeting in November 1873 ( Proceedings of the Royal …
  • … Society of London 22 (1873–4): 11). Hooker was, as president of the Royal Society, a …

From J. D. Hooker   3 August 1873

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Returned last night. Huxley, left at Baden Baden, remarkably well.

Would like to come to Down with Strachey.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Aug 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 159
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8999

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   3 August 1873
  • … DAR 103: 159 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 3 Aug 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … visit to France and Germany in July 1873. They arrived in Baden Baden, a spa town in …
  • … L.  Huxley ed.  1900, 1: 390–5. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 31 July [1873] and n.  3. …
  • … Hooker visited Down on Saturday 23 August 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Orpington …

From J. D. Hooker   14 August 1873

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Has observed CD’s points. Except for leaves of Nelumbium, would have supposed both wax and hairs were connected with absorption or respiratory functions. May subserve some function connected with rays of sun. Watering most prejudicial in the hot sun: a splendid subject for experiments.

Adam is a good man.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Aug 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 167–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9011

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   14 August 1873
  • … DAR 103: 167–8 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 14 Aug 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to J.  D.   Hooker, 13 August 1873  and n.  3. The reference is to Oxalis …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 August 1873  and n.  1. The reference is to Richard …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 August 1873  and n.  2. CD had noted that leaves and …
  • … on plant hairs (trichomes) and cuticular waxes, see Sachs 1873, pp.  85–8. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 August 1873  and n.  4. Acton Smee Ayrton was the former first …

From J. D. Hooker   21 August 1873

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He and Strachey will arrive on Saturday.

Is aghast at thought of being questioned on injury to plants by watering. Fears he will be considered an ignorant Director of Kew.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Aug 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 160–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9018

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   21 August 1873
  • … DAR 103: 160–1 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 21 Aug 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Richard Strachey visited Down on 23 August 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Hooker …
  • … now Biophytum umbraculum ) that were sent to CD on 16 August 1873 (see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 13 August 1873  and n.  3). …

From J. D. Hooker   [22 August 1873]

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Will arrive at Orpington by usual train.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [22 Aug 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 166
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9021

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [22 August 1873] …
  • … DAR 103: 166 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [22 Aug 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 21 August 1873 . …
  • … The Friday following 21 August 1873 was 22 August. …
  • … Hooker visited Down on Saturday 23 August 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). See also …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker 21 August 1873 and n.  1. Trains to Orpington left from Charing …
Document type
letter (49)
Author
Hooker, J. D.[X]
Addressee
Correspondent
Date
1859 (1)
1864 (1)
1865 (1)
1870 (1)
1872 (3)
1873 (26)
1874 (8)
1875 (7)
1878 (1)
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005 - Charles Darwin to Mary Treat, 12 August 1873 Darwin writes to Treat to …

Science, Work and Manliness

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters In 1859, popular didactic writer William Landels published the first edition of what proved to be one of his best-selling works, How Men Are Made. "It is by work, work, work" he told his middle class audience, …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9157 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
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