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Darwin Correspondence Project
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From Hubert Airy   9 December 1871

Summary

Reply to CD’s letter of 5 Apr 1871 [7659], in which he asked HA for further details on when and how platysma myoides contracts.

Replies to CD’s questions about sources on leaf arrangement.

Gives news of speech and paper about CD.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Dec 1871
Classmark:  DAR 159: 13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8101

Matches: 1 hit

  • … by CD to the Linnean Society (Airy 1873); he argued that complex leaf arrangements had …

From Hubert Airy   31 May 1872

Summary

A review and criticism of Chauncey Wright’s paper on phyllotaxy [Mem. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci. n.s. 9 (1867–73): 379–415]. Does not believe that the "distributive" and "cyclical" properties, which CW claims characterise the existing spiral orders of leaf arrangement, can be shown to be advantageous to plants. CW’s speculations on the origins of the spiral arrangement of leaves are purely hypothetical.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 May 1872
Classmark:  DAR 159: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8362

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Hubert Airy? , 9 June [1872? ] . For Airy’s published views on phyllotaxy, see Airy 1873. …

From Hubert Airy   [before 15] July 1872

Summary

Outlines his theory on the origin of existing orders of leaf arrangement. Believes spiral and whorled orders have evolved from a primitive distichous arrangement. These arrangements permit a compact bud form of small surface area that can withstand external changes in temperature, and in particular can tolerate frost.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 15] July 1872
Classmark:  DAR 159: 16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8412

Matches: 1 hit

  • … to the Royal Society of London ( see Airy 1873). Alternate distichous: placed on opposite …

From Hubert Airy   16 July 1872

Summary

Thanks CD for reading his MS [8412] and for his suggestions.

Clarifies his statement on the contraction of the bud-axis: did not mean to imply that this contraction occurred in an individual’s life-time, rather that it was the effect, after the course of ages, of successive favourable modifications.

Believes the true theory of phyllotaxy will give a convincing illustration and proof of the theory of evolution.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 July 1872
Classmark:  DAR 159: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8414

Matches: 1 hit

  • … be advantageous to a plant’s survival (Airy 1873, p.  177). See letter from Hubert Airy, [ …

From Hubert Airy   24 July 1872

Summary

Responds to CD’s comments on his MS on phyllotaxy.

The initial variation required by his theory would be a slight twist of the bud-axis; believes the frequent twisting of stems and branches renders such a variation possible.

Admits he placed too much emphasis on the importance of frost. He should have spoken more generally of "vicissitudes of climate".

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 July 1872
Classmark:  DAR 159: 20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8426

Matches: 3 hits

  • … right angles to one another), which in turn produced whorled orders (Airy 1873, p.  179). …
  • … also necessarily excluded others (see Airy 1873, p.  178). See letter from Hubert Airy, …
  • … Airy, [before 15] July 1872 . See also Airy 1873, pp.  177–8. In his published paper, Airy …

From Hubert Airy   20 September 1872

Summary

Disputes Thomas Meehan’s observations on the hardiness of exposed buds, and believes bud-scales are for the protection of the bud-leaves. Reiterates his opinion that the phyllotaxy of a plant is determined by causes acting when the leaves are crowded into close contact. Attempts to explain how a different phyllotaxy on the upper and lower parts of the same shoot could have arisen.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Sept 1872
Classmark:  DAR 159: 21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8527

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Airy’s paper ‘On leaf arrangement’ (Airy 1873). See letter from Hubert Airy, [before 15] …

From Hubert Airy   24 September 1872

Summary

Thanks for letter, in which CD cited [Anton] Kerner’s alpine observations.

Describes with diagrams the curious disposition of leaves on some Acacia twigs, and points out that his theory should account for these anomalies as well as normal cases.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Sept 1872
Classmark:  DAR 159: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8532

Matches: 1 hit

  • … some common ancestral leaf-order’ (Airy 1873, p.  176). Airy refers to his experiments of …

From Hubert Airy   3 December 1872

Summary

Discusses works lent him by CD: Candolle, Kerner, Braun, Sachs, and CD’s own notes on relative positions of leaves. Plans paper on subject for Royal Society.

Just appointed medical inspector under local government board.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Dec 1872
Classmark:  DAR 159: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8657

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Airy did manage to complete a short paper (Airy 1873) that was communicated by CD to Royal …
  • … Society of London, and read on 27 February 1873 . …

From Hubert Airy   3 January 1873

Summary

HA’s paper on leaf arrangement is almost ready; asks CD to communicate it to the Royal Society. Seeks permission to quote from CD’s notes.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 159: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8720

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Hubert Airy   3 January 1873
  • … DAR 159: 24 Hubert Airy London, Dacre Park, 27 3 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  20 and Airy 1873), according to which leaf arrangement was a …
  • … 27. Dacre Park. Lee. S.E. 1873. Jan.  3. My dear Sir My paper “On Leaf-arrangement” is in …
  • … to his paper ‘On leaf-arrangement’ (Airy 1873); it was communicated to the Royal Society …
  • … of London by CD and read on 27 February 1873. Airy’s father was George Biddell Airy, the …
  • … of Airy’s paper was published (Airy 1873); it does not include the suggested text. The …

From Hubert Airy   21 January 1873

Summary

Has sent phyllotaxy paper to G. G. Stokes with the letter from CD to show credentials.

Will not have time to read new Sachs edition CD offered.

Thanks for CD’s sponsorship of paper [Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 21 (1873): 176–9].

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 159: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8745

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Hubert Airy   21 January 1873
  • … DAR 159: 25 Hubert Airy London, Dacre Park, 27 21 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … CD offered. Thanks for CD’s sponsorship of paper [ Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 21 (1873): 176–9]. …
  • … 27. Dacre Park. Lee. | London S.E. 1873. Jan.  21. My dear M r . Darwin I trust I am not …
  • … Airy, [before 15] July 1872 , and Airy 1873, pp.  177–8. CD’s letter to Airy has not been …
  • … of the new edition of Julius Sach’s Lehrbuch der Botanik (Sachs 1873; see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9 January 1873  and n.  7). …
  • … See letter from Hubert Airy, 3 January 1873 . Airy’s paper ‘On leaf arrangement’, …
  • … communicated by CD, was read at the Royal Society of London on 27 February 1873 ( …
  • … Airy 1873). George Gabriel Stokes was the secretary of the Royal Society. …
  • … with CD’s letter of [before 21 January 1873] copied on the back of it. Only an abstract of …
  • … of the Royal Society of London (Airy 1873). Airy had corresponded with CD about phyllotaxy …

From Hubert Airy   17 March 1873

Summary

Thanks for congratulations on appearance of abstract of HA’s paper [Nature 7 (1873): 343–4].

Explains again his theory of "contraction with twist" by which compact buds and a spiral phyllotaxy have evolved. Explains how the peculiar phyllotaxy of the teasel is explicable by this process of "condensation".

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 159: 26
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8812

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Hubert Airy   17 March 1873
  • … DAR 159: 26 Hubert Airy London, Dacre Park, 27 17 Mar 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of abstract of HA’s paper [ Nature 7 (1873): 343–4]. Explains again his theory of " …
  • … for an exposition of this theory, see Airy 1873, and also Correspondence vol.  20, letters …
  • … such as the seed-heads of sunflowers (Airy 1873), he never published his observations on …
  • … Dacre Park. Lee. | London S.E. 17 th March 1873. My dear Sir I am very glad indeed to have …
  • … published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (Airy 1873), was reprinted in …
  • … Nature , 6 March 1873, pp.  343–4. …
  • … See also letter from Hubert Airy, 21 January 1873  and nn.  1 and 2. Airy had attached oak …
  • … degrees of ‘contraction ( with twist)’ (Airy 1873, p.  177). Airy and CD had corresponded …

From Hubert Airy   26 [September–November 1873]

Summary

The Royal Society referees have rejected HA’s phyllotaxy paper, and it will not be printed in Philosophical Transactions. HA is not sorry for he has found new facts which limit the applicability of his views. Now believes that the original leaf arrangement was not necessarily always two-ranked but rather that existing arrangements have developed from a variety of forms with differing numbers of leaf-ranks.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Sept 1873 or 26 Oct 1873 or 26 Nov 1873
Classmark:  DAR 159: 31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9073

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From Hubert Airy   26 [September–November 1873] …
  • … DAR 159: 31 Hubert Airy Blackheath 26 Sept 1873 26 …
  • … Oct 1873 26 …
  • … Nov 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … in this letter, the reference to his 1873 paper on phyllotaxy (see n.  2, below), …
  • … and the date of his next letter ( letter from Hubert Airy, 7 December 1873 ). See …
  • … letter from Hubert Airy, 21 January 1873 . An …
  • … abstract of Airy’s paper (Airy 1873) had already been published (see …
  • … letter from Hubert Airy, 17 March 1873  and n.  1). Airy had proposed that the various …
  • … Trinity College, Cambridge, in October 1873 ( ODNB ); Leonard Darwin was at the Greenwich …
  • … in the bud (see letter Hubert Airy, 17 March 1873 and n.  3). Airy had concluded from his …
  • … For the abstract of this paper, see Airy 1873. Gasteria spiralis is a synonym of G.   …
  • … obliqua . See Airy 1873, p.  179. Mesembrianthemum , whose name was changed in the …

From Hubert Airy   7 December 1873

Summary

Illustrates, with reference to different species of Gasteria, the role of twisting in the development of leaf arrangement.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Dec 1873
Classmark:  DAR 159: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9175

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Hubert Airy   7 December 1873
  • … DAR 159: 27 Hubert Airy Blackheath 7 Dec 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Grove. | Blackheath, London S.E. 7. December 1873. My dear Sir It is not easy to reject …
  • … the letter from Hubert Airy, 17 March 1873  and n.  2. Gasteria is a genus of succulent …
  • … of the Royal Society of London took place at Burlington House on 26 April 1873 ( Nature , …
  • … 24 April 1873, p.  490). Airy refers to Joseph Dalton Hooker. Gasteria subnigricans is a …
  • … excluded by the geometry of the case (Beal 1873, p.  451; see Correspondence vol.  22, …
  • … has not been found. CD sent the August 1873 issue of American Naturalist ; it contained …

From Hubert Airy   8 January 1874

Summary

W. J. Beal’s paper ["Phyllotaxis of cones", Am. Nat. 7 (1873): 449–53] shows incompleteness of HA’s theory, but does not invalidate his basic principles on origin of leaf arrangement or the broad applicability of the theory.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 159: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9232

Matches: 1 hit

  • … s paper ["Phyllotaxis of cones", Am. Nat. 7 (1873): 449–53] shows incompleteness of HA’s …
Document type
letter (14)
Author
Airy, Hubert[X]
Addressee
Correspondent
Date
1871 (1)
1872 (7)
1873 (5)
1874 (1)
Search:
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005 - Charles Darwin to Mary Treat, 12 August 1873 Darwin writes to Treat to …

Science, Work and Manliness

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters In 1859, popular didactic writer William Landels published the first edition of what proved to be one of his best-selling works, How Men Are Made. "It is by work, work, work" he told his middle class audience, …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9157 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
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