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From Fritz Müller   [c. January 1874]

Summary

Agrees with Bates that neuter termites are not modified imagos (sterile females), but modified larvae (of both sexes).

Systematic relations of stingless honey-bees (Melipona and Trigona) are not yet well established.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. Jan 1874]
Classmark:  Nature, 19 February 1874, p. 309
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9281

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Zoologie 4th ser. 5: 227–82. Müller, Fritz. 1873–5. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Termiten. …
  • … 451–63; 9 (1875): 241–64. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten …
  • … on termites in November 1872 and it was published in 1873 in the Jenaische Zeitschrift für …
  • … Naturwissenschaft ( F.  Müller 1873–5 , pp.  451–63). Müller argued that the two forms of …
  • … possible) in some plants ( F.  Müller 1873–5 , pp.  458–9). Müller’s interest in stingless …
  • … of flowers by insect agency ( H.  Müller 1873 ) and initially he tried to find the bee …
  • … Möller ed.  1915–21, 2: 208–10). In January 1873, Fritz sent around forty bee specimens, …
  • … Fritz Müller to Hermann Müller, 29 January 1873, Möller ed.  1915–21, 2: 214– 18). For …

To Fritz Müller   1 January 1874

Summary

Thanks for two pamphlets.

Sends Thomas Belt’s [The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)], "the best Nat. Hist. book of travels ever published".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  1 Jan 1874
Classmark:  British Library (Loan MS 10 no 36)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9223

Matches: 5 hits

  • … understanding of termites; F.  Müller 1873–5 ). CD’s annotated copies are in the Darwin …
  • … in Nicaragua (Belt 1874) was published in December 1873 ( Publishers’ circular , …
  • … 18 December 1873, p.  1062). Belt described chambers in the ant nest filled with a spongy …
  • … 7: 22–45, 441–50. Müller, Fritz. 1873–5. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Termiten. I. Die …
  • … part of his study of termites ( F.  Müller 1873–5 , pp.  333–9), Müller had described two …

From E. P. T. Houk   3 January 1874

Summary

Sends paper she read before AAAS, but which was not accepted for Proceedings.

Author:  Eliza Phillips Thruston Houk
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 166: 272
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9225

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bibliography Houk, Eliza Phillips Thruston. 1873. A paper presenting facts and suggestions …
  • … of Science, Twenty-second Meeting, held at Portland, Maine, August 1873 , p.  176). …
  • … A version of the paper was privately published ( Houk 1873 ). …

From H. H. Howorth   3 January [1874]

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Summary

On the extinction of populations. [See Descent, 2d ed., p. 183.]

Author:  Henry Hoyle Howorth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 90: 28–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8722

Matches: 4 hits

  • … 4: 104–11. Smith, Angus. 1875. A visit to St. Kilda in 1873. Good Words 16: 141–4, 264–9. …
  • … Kilda (see n.  4, below). Howorth wrote ‘1873’ in error. CD’s letters to Howorth have not …
  • … letter from H.  H.  Howorth, 31 December 1873 . Howorth sent CD a copy of the first part …
  • … an article, ‘A visit to St Kilda in 1873’, in Good Words in 1875 (Angus Smith 1875 ). No …

To B. J. Sulivan   6 January [1874]

Summary

Thanks BJS for the missionary pamphlet and his good account of the Fuegians.

Is under the care of Andrew Clark, and feels "very old & helpless".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Date:  6 Jan [1874]
Classmark:  Sulivan family (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9229

Matches: 5 hits

  • … son George Howard Darwin in April 1873 ( Correspondence vol.  21, letter to G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, [3 April 1873] ). Clark was known for his belief in the connection between …
  • … Thomas Edward Sulivan, died in January 1873 (see letter from B.  J.  Sulivan, 5 January  …
  • … CD probably began consulting Andrew Clark around August 1873 ( Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 21, letter from Andrew Clark, 3 September 1873 ); he had recommended Clark to his …

From Hubert Airy   8 January 1874

Summary

W. J. Beal’s paper ["Phyllotaxis of cones", Am. Nat. 7 (1873): 449–53] shows incompleteness of HA’s theory, but does not invalidate his basic principles on origin of leaf arrangement or the broad applicability of the theory.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 159: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9232

Matches: 9 hits

  • … s paper ["Phyllotaxis of cones", Am. Nat. 7 (1873): 449–53] shows incompleteness of HA’s …
  • … Bibliography Airy, Hubert. 1873. On leaf-arrangement. Abstract. …
  • … by Charles Darwin. [Read 27 February 1873. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London …
  • … Read 30 April 1874. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 22 (1873–4): 298–307. …
  • … Beal, William James. 1873. Phyllotaxis of cones. American Naturalist 7: 449–53. …
  • … CD had lent Airy the August 1873 issue of American Naturalist ; it contained William James …
  • … were necessarily excluded by the geometry of the case ( Beal 1873 , p.  451). For Beal’s …
  • … patterns in cones from five different tree species, see Beal 1873 , pp.  451–2. Airy’s …
  • … leaf arrangement) was published in H.  Airy 1873 ; he corrected and extended his theory in …

To J. D. Hooker   8 January 1874

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Summary

Thanks JDH for Asa Gray’s interesting letter.

Would like JDH’s copy of Coral reefs. Needs it for corrections for a new edition. Cannot buy one.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 95: 310; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Asa Gray Correspondence: Letter from Gray to Hooker, folio 658)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9231

Matches: 4 hits

  • … the Royal Society of London on 27 November 1873 ( Record of the Royal Society of London ). …
  • … the letter from Asa Gray of 26 December 1873 has not been found, but Gray’s letter, which …
  • … publisher, Smith, Elder & Co, in December 1873 about producing a new edition of the work ( …
  • … letter to Smith, Elder & Co, 17 December [1873] ). Coral reefs 2d ed.  was published in …

To Smith, Elder & Co.   8 January 1874

Summary

Pleased they will publish a new edition of Coral reefs, and he will soon consider any addenda and write a short preface.

Will return the wood-blocks of Journal of Researches the following week.

Could his copy of Coral Reefs please be returned.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Smith, Elder & Co
Date:  8 Jan 1874
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 43127)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9233F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … letter to Smith, Elder & Co, 17 December [1873] ( Correspondence vol 21), CD had asked to …

To Horace Darwin   9 January [1874]

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Summary

CD is glad Horace has done "pretty well" in his examination.

Smith and Elder will publish new edition of Coral reefs [1874]; thanks HD for aid.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Horace Darwin
Date:  9 Jan [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9234

Matches: 1 hit

  • … in his letter to Smith, Elder & Co, 17 December [1873] ( Correspondence vol.  21). …

To Andrew Clark   10 January [1874]

Summary

Invites AC to visit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Andrew Clark, 1st baronet
Date:  10 Jan [1874]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.436)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9236

Matches: 1 hit

  • … II)). Clark, who had been CD’s doctor since 1873, resided at 16 Cavendish Square, which …

From Robert Swinhoe   14 January 1874

Summary

Wants CD to propose him for the Royal Society.

Author:  Robert Swinhoe
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 177: 337
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9242

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Society of London in January 1874 (Swinhoe 1873; Morning Post , 23 January 1874, p. 6). …
  • … boyciana ) was described by Swinhoe in 1873; these two were presented to the Zoological …

From ?   [after 14 January 1874]

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Summary

Extract from the Honolulu Gazette on the decreasing population of the Sandwich Islands.

Author:  Unidentified
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 14 Jan 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 89: 120
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8794

Matches: 1 hit

  • … published in the Hawaiian Gazette , 12 March 1873. CD added information on the decreasing …

From H. T. Stainton   15 January 1874

Summary

Encloses R. McLachlan’s certificate of nomination for Royal Society. Hopes CD will sign it, as McLachlan is the most philosophic member of the Entomological Society in years.

Author:  Henry Tibbats Stainton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Jan 1874
Classmark:  Natural History Museum (Gen Lib MSS/DAW A: 25)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9243

Matches: 1 hit

  • … served as treasurer for the society between 1873  and 1875. He was also the first editor …

From William Dealtry   16 January 1874

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Summary

On the increases in crossbred English and Tahitian population of Pitcairn islanders. [See Descent, 2d ed., p. 190.] Includes copy of letter from George Hunn Nobbs about the population of Norfolk Island.

Author:  William Dealtry
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 90: 30–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9244

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Canterbury, New Zealand Press , 1 December 1873, p.  3, referred to the resignation of Mr …
  • … Governor Copy Norfolk Island January 1 st . 1873. Hon ble Sir and Friend, I have the honor …

From C.-F. Reinwald   17 January 1874

Summary

French translation of Expression sent for CD’s approval.

Author:  Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 176: 101
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9245

Matches: 6 hits

  • … from C.  F.  Reinwald, 4 March 1873. CD’s copy of Moulinié trans.  1872 has not been …
  • … French editions of Origin (Moulinié trans.  1873), Variation (Moulinié trans.  1868), and …
  • … Pozzi was assisted by René Benoît from around May 1873 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 21, letter from Samuel Jean Pozzi, 11 May 1873). Edmond …
  • … Barbier was employed by Reinwald in March 1873, after Moulinié’s death, in order to …
  • … the second French edition (Moulinié trans.  1873–4). See Correspondence vol.  21, letter …

From J. V. Carus   19 January 1874

Summary

A new German edition of Descent is planned. Would like to work on proofs before leaving for lectures at Edinburgh.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 161: 92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9248

Matches: 1 hit

  • … at the University of Edinburgh in the summers of 1873 and 1874, replacing Charles Wyville …

From J. H. Martin   19 January 1874

Summary

JHM, who has not read CD’s works, must conduct a discussion on Darwinism and theology at a local literary society. He asks CD to define briefly his position on the origin of man and on descent.

Author:  James Hales Martin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 53
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9249

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Martin is listed in the Dundee directory 1873–4 as ironmonger, tinsmith, and gas-fitter at …

From J. D. Hooker   20 January 1874

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Summary

An awful row at the Linnean Society. William Carruthers and Co. packed a meeting to throw out a decision of the Council. He was beaten by one vote (more than two-thirds majority needed).

Spent two hours with Lyell talking about Thomas Belt’s book [The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)]: "the tropical old Glaciers beat the seance I do think".

Lyell agrees that the glacial epoch is the great geological crux of the day. Lowering of the ocean level must also be investigated.

Curious about A. C. Ramsay’s paper coming at Royal Society on 29th ["On the comparative value of certain geological ages", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 22 (1874): 145–8].

Huxley’s new book [? Critiques and addresses (1873)].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 187–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9250

Matches: 9 hits

  • … R. Soc. Lond. 22 (1874): 145–8]. Huxley’s new book [? Critiques and addresses (1873)]. …
  • … Henry Huxley’s most recent book was Critiques and addresses ( T.  H.  Huxley 1873 ). …
  • … It was published in May 1873 ( Publishers’ circular , …
  • … 16 May 1873, p.  338). …
  • … president of the Royal Society on 30 November 1873; Huxley was a secretary of the society …
  • … of the Royal Society of London ). In 1873, Huxley had suffered a breakdown from overwork …
  • … of the Linnean Society of London 86 (1873–4): xi–xiii). Two of the alterations to the …
  • … Press. 1985–. Huxley, Thomas Henry. 1873. Critiques and addresses. London: Macmillan. Post …
  • … of the Royal Society of London 22 (1873–4): 334–43. Record of the Royal Society of …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   20 January 1874

Summary

Russian Expression has sold nearly 2000 copies.

Plans to come to England to study collections of vertebrate fossils from the Chalk. This will complement his work in the south of France.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 169: 95
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9251

Matches: 6 hits

  • … of his monograph on Anthracotherium , published in September 1873 and January 1874 ( V.   …
  • … O.  Kovalevsky 1873–4 ). The dedication reads ‘Herrn Charles Darwin in tiefster Verehrung …
  • … 38–48. Kovalevsky, Vladimir Onufrievich. 1873–4. Monographie der Gattung Anthracotherium …
  • … zur Naturgeschichte der Vorwelt 22 (1873–6): 131–347. Kovalevsky, Vladimir Onufrievich. …
  • … and only began work on Cross and self fertilisation in February 1873; he returned to work …
  • … on Drosera in mid-June 1873 (see Correspondence vols.  20 and 21, Appendix II). Kovalevsky …

To J. V. Carus   21 January 1874

Summary

Is glad to hear of new German edition of Descent, but owing to his extensive revisions, corrected sheets will not be ready for about three months.

Is working on a new edition of Coral reefs, which he thinks would sell in Germany.

Would like to hear "out of curiosity & vanity" how many copies of his books have been sold in Germany.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  21 Jan 1874
Classmark:  Staatsbibilothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 110–111)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9252

Matches: 1 hit

  • … his condition had improved in the summer of 1873, when he was teaching in Edinburgh (see …
Document type
letter (185)
Correspondent
Airy, Hubert (2)
Alglave, Émile (1)
Bates, H. W. (1)
Brunton, T. L. (5)
Burdon Sanderson, J. S. (7)
Carus, J. V. (6)
Clark, Andrew (1)
Coan, T. M. (1)
Cohn, F. J. (1)
Crookes, William (1)
Cupples, George (4)
D. Appleton & Co (2)
Darwin, Amy (1)
Darwin, C. R. (182)
Darwin, E. A. (1)
Darwin, Emma (2)
Darwin, Francis (1)
Darwin, G. H. (6)
Darwin, H. E. (1)
Darwin, Horace (1)
Darwin, Leonard (1)
Dawkins, W. B. (1)
Dealtry, William (1)
Desmarest, Eugène (1)
Dobson, G. E. (2)
Dohrn, Anton (4)
Down School Board (1)
Downing, John (1)
Eimer, Theodor (1)
Farrer, T. H. (1)
Fayrer, Joseph (2)
Fiske, John (1)
Forel, Auguste (1)
Foster, Michael (2)
Fox, W. D. (2)
Frankland, Edward (3)
François de Chaumont, F. S. B. (1)
Goodale, W. T. (2)
Grandclément, J. M. (1)
Gray, Asa (1)
Günther, Albert (1)
Haeckel, Ernst (2)
Hartnack, Edmund (1)
Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, Hermanus (2)
Hooker, J. D. (18)
Houk, E. P. T. (1)
Howorth, H. H. (2)
Huxley, T. H. (4)
Innes, J. B. (2)
Keen, W. W. (1)
King, George (1)
Knowles, J. T. (1)
Kovalevsky, V. O. (2)
Krefft, Gerard (1)
Litchfield, H. E. (1)
Lyell, Charles (2)
Martin, J. H. (1)
McLennan, J. F. (2)
Meehan, Thomas (2)
Merriam, C. H. (3)
Moggridge, J. T. (2)
Monro, C. J. (1)
Morselli, Enrico (1)
Mueller, Ferdinand von (1)
Murray, John (b) (3)
Müller, Fritz (4)
Müller, Hermann (1)
Nature (1)
Nevill, D. F. (1)
Newton, Alfred (1)
Nipher, F. E. (1)
Phillips, John (1)
Pickard-Cambridge, Octavius (1)
Purvis, Prior (1)
Rayner, W. F. (1)
Reade, T. M. (2)
Reade, W. W. (1)
Reinwald, C.-F. (3)
Roberti, I. L. (1)
Romanes, G. J. (1)
Royal Society of London (1)
Ruck, Amy (1)
Rütimeyer, Ludwig (1)
Saporta, Gaston de (1)
Simms, Joseph (1)
Smith, Elder & Co (1)
Spalding, D. A. (1)
Stainton, H. T. (1)
Sulivan, B. J. (3)
Swinhoe, Robert (2)
Tegetmeier, W. B. (1)
Thiselton-Dyer, W. T. (10)
Tomes, C. S. (2)
Treat, Mary (3)
Tristram, H. B. (1)
Tyndall, John (1)
Unidentified (1)
Walker, W. G. (1)
Wedgwood, Emma (2)
Whitney, W. D. (1)
Willett, Henry (1)
Williams & Norgate (1)
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editor of Contemporary Review (1)
Date
1874
01 (23)
02 (25)
03 (26)
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07 (11)
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

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  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

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  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

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  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

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  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

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  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

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  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

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  • … Constantijn Costerus and his friend had written to Darwin in 1873, praising his works and describing …
  • … Letter to J. C. Costerus and N. D. Doedes, [22?] March 1873 ) The Dutch friends so …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

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  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

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  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

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  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

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  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

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  • … Sunday afternoons, when they received visitors (23 March 1873; Emma described his visit in a letter …
  • … younger daughter, Bessy, did call on a Saturday in October 1873 but the Leweses were away. As a …
  • … this happened (Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [14 October 1873], DAR 258: 547b). Early the following …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

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  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

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  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

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  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

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  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …
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