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Darwin Correspondence Project
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From John Murray   8 November [1869]

Summary

JM advises CD regarding his relations with Masson, the French publisher of the Origin [1866], and the possibility of Reinwald’s publishing a translation of the 5th edition.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Nov [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 373
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6978

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Jean Jacques Moulinié’s translation of the fifth edition (Moulinié trans.  1873). …

To John Murray   30 January 1872

Summary

Requests that JM make stereotype plates of 6th edition of Origin available to D. Appleton. This will be last edition and CD is "extremely anxious" to spread his views.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  30 Jan 1872
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 272–3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8188

Matches: 2 hits

  • … stereotypes of the sixth London edition in 1873 ( Origin 3d US ed. ; see Freeman 1977 ). …
  • … edition. New York: D. Appleton and Company. 1873. Origin : On the origin of species by …

To John Murray   11 November 1872

Summary

CD is delighted and astonished at sale of Expression,

and pleased with sale of others, except Descent. He fears a new edition of that work may never be required. Would have liked to bring out a thoroughly revised one.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  11 Nov 1872
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 276–7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8620

Matches: 1 hit

  • … reviewed Expression in Academy , 2 June 1873, pp.  209–12. Expression was translated into …

To John Murray   13 November 1872

Summary

Thanks JM for £210 on last reprint of Origin [6th ed.]. Pleased by its sale

and by the success of Expression.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  13 Nov 1872
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 291–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8623

Matches: 1 hit

  • … sixth edition of Origin , first published in 1872, was reprinted in 1873 ( Freeman 1977 ). …

From John Murray   10 February [1873]

Summary

Encloses cheque for 1000 guineas, CD’s share of profits on first 7000 copies of Expression.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Feb [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 435
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8763

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From John Murray   10 February [1873] …
  • … DAR 171: 435 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 10 Feb [1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … account (Down House MS) for 12 February 1873 records the receipt of £1050 ‘From M r …

To John Murray   4 May [1873]

Summary

Asks Murray not to announce Cross and self-fertilisation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  4 May [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 436
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8897

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Murray   4 May [1873] …
  • … DAR 143: 436 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 May [1873] John Murray …
  • … CD began work on the topic on 3 February 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)) and …
  • … Murray announced the work in April 1873 (see letter to ? , …
  • … 4 May [1873] and n.  2). …
  • … See letter to ? , 4 May [1873] and n.  2. CD’s work was published in 1876 as Cross and …

From John Murray   23 September [1873]

Summary

Sends CD an account that has the novelty of having a balance against CD.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 436
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9064

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From John Murray   23 September [1873] …
  • … DAR 171: 436 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50 23 Sept [1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to Murray (see n.  2, below). On 24 September 1873, CD recorded in his Account books–cash …

To John Murray   24 September [1873]

Summary

CD will have to make heavy corrections in Expression and Descent if there ever is a new edition of either.

Will soon begin another book [Insectivorous plants].

It and a second one [Cross and self-fertilisation] will sell only "very specially".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  24 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 352–3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9066

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To John Murray   24 September [1873] …
  • … Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 352–3) Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 Sept [1873] John Murray …
  • … the letter from John Murray, 23 September [1873] . CD was settling a debt for presentation …
  • … see letter from John Murray, 23 September [1873] and n.  2). Murray customarily held a ‘ …

From John Murray   25 September [1873]

Summary

Acknowledges CD’s cheque.

Sends CD cheque for profits on Orchids and a statement of stock on hand of CD’s works [missing].

Origin and Expression sales are stagnant.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 437, DAR 210.11: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9071

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From John Murray   25 September [1873] …
  • … DAR 210.11: 1 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50 25 Sept [1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … sheet : ‘[‘State’ del ] Sale of my Books Sept  25 1873. —’ red crayon Verso 2d sheet : ‘ …
  • … Number of all my publications Sept.  1873’ red crayon Stocks on Hand : ‘26’, ‘75’, ‘2404’ …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter to John Murray, 24 September [1873] . See …
  • … letter to John Murray, 24 September [1873] and n.  2. CD was paying for the presentation …
  • … a Set of Electros – – – 133 4 11 133 4 11 1873 June By 81 on hand " Author’s 1 3 Profit 36 …
  • … 19 6 Stocks on Hand. June 30. 1873 * 1716 “ Origin of species ” 7/6  …
  • … Edition 2000 No printed March 1873 for which Author has not yet been paid 26 “ Variations …
  • … which Author was paid £1050— 2000 No printed 1873 for which Author has not yet been paid * …
  • … hand 1869 June " Electros 2 10 – 1 Author in Sheets 1873 June " Advertising 6 years 22 – – …
  • … 82 81 On Hand June 1873 " Binding 400 Copies 12 1 8 434 Sold viz " Com n allow d agents – …

To John Murray   4 April 1874

Summary

Has finished corrections for 2d edition of Descent – "as hard work as I have ever had in my life". Estimates it is 40 pages longer than 1st edition.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  4 Apr 1874
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 350–1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9388

Matches: 1 hit

  • … preparing Descent 2d ed.  on 20 November 1873 ( Correspondence vol.  21, Appendix II). …

To John Murray   12 April 1874

Summary

Discusses 2d edition of Descent. CD is inclined to a cheap edition and asks JM to consider a one-volume edition in double-column format.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  12 Apr 1874
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 348–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9404

Matches: 2 hits

  • … London: John Chapman. Motley, John Lothrop. 1873. Rise of the Dutch republic: a history. …
  • … by George Routledge and Sons ( Motley 1873 ). CD probably refers to George Howard Darwin, …

From John Murray   3 November 1874

Summary

Statement of stock on hand of CD’s works.

Expression, curiously, at a dead stand-still.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 441
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9707

Matches: 4 hits

  • … numbers on the left by hand. In September 1873, Murray had printed another 2000 copies of …
  • … letter from John Murray, 25 September [1873] ), but the anticipated sales did not occur ( …
  • … Murray refers to the 1873 reprint of Journal of researches (1870) . CD was managing the …
  • … 21, letter to Fritz Müller, 25 September 1873 ). CD had probably sent Murray a request for …
Document type
letter (12)
Correspondent
Darwin, C. R. (12)
Murray, John (b)[X]
Date
1869 (1)
1872 (3)
1873 (5)
1874 (3)
Search:
1873 in keywords
43 Items
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Constantijn Costerus and his friend had written to Darwin in 1873, praising his works and describing …
  • … Letter to J. C. Costerus and N. D. Doedes, [22?] March 1873 ) The Dutch friends so …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Sunday afternoons, when they received visitors (23 March 1873; Emma described his visit in a letter …
  • … younger daughter, Bessy, did call on a Saturday in October 1873 but the Leweses were away. As a …
  • … this happened (Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [14 October 1873], DAR 258: 547b). Early the following …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …
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