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From Hermann Müller   1 April [1867]

Summary

Thanks for "Climbing plants" offprint and for references on fertilisation of flowers.

Considering the bounty of work already done, he is looking for something original to do.

Subularia does not grow in Westphalia.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Apr [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 289
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5481

Matches: 2 hits

  • … John Murray. 1877. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten und …
  • … Lamium amplexicaule briefly in H.  Müller 1873 , pp.  312–13. The letter in which CD …

From Hermann Müller   9 October 1871

Summary

Is preparing a work on fertilisation of flowers, and wants to add a list of works containing observations on cross-fertilisation of plants. Asks CD for any references he may have.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 171: 297
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7997

Matches: 4 hits

  • … reciprocal adaptations; Hermann Müller 1873 ); there is an annotated copy in the Darwin …
  • … works he relied upon in Hermann Müller 1873 , pp.  24–7; he included works by his brother, …
  • … in the bibliography to Hermann Müller, 1873. An English version of an article by Müller …
  • … Garland Publishing. 1990. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten …

From Hermann Müller   5 May 1872

Summary

Thanks CD for MS on the routes of male bees.

His "Fertilisation of flowers" is complete [Die Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)].

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 May 1872
Classmark:  DAR 171: 298
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8313

Matches: 3 hits

  • … bees. His "Fertilisation of flowers" is complete [ Die Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)]. …
  • … Garland Publishing. 1990. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten …
  • … and their mutual adaptation; H.  Müller 1873 ) was published by Wilhelm Engelmann. There …

From Hermann Müller   28 February 1873

Summary

Sends his book [Die Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)]. Hopes CD will publish an opinion of it.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Feb 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 299
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8791

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Hermann Müller   28 February 1873
  • … 299 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller Lippstadt 28 Feb 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … his book [ Die Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)]. Hopes CD will publish an opinion of it. …
  • … CD’s heavily annotated copy of H.  Müller 1873  is in the Darwin Library–CUL. …
  • … No review of H.  Müller 1873  has been identified; a brief notice …
  • … of its publication appeared in the May 1873 issue of Journal of Botany , p.  158. In …
  • … Bibliography Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten und die …
  • … Lippstadt 28 th of Febr. | 1873. My dear Sir! Herewith I send you a copy of my book on the …

To Hermann Müller   5 May 1873

Summary

Comments on HM’s book [Die Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)]. Particularly glad to read historical sketch and discussion of work of C. K. Sprengel.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Date:  5 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 146: 434
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8901

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To Hermann Müller   5 May 1873
  • … 146: 434 Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 May 1873 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller …
  • … s book [ Die Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)]. Particularly glad to read historical sketch …
  • … fertilisation , pp.  6–7. See letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 28 April 1873 , letter to A.   …
  • … W.  Bennett, 5 May [1873] , and letter to …
  • … William Ogle, 5 May [1873] . There is a …
  • … copy of H.  Müller 1873  in the library of the Royal Society of London. …
  • … Garland Publishing. 1990. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten …
  • … Down, Beckenham, Kent May 5 th 1873 My dear Sir Owing to all sorts of interruptions and to …
  • … The fertilisation of flowers by means of insects ( H.  Müller 1873 ; see letter from …
  • … Hermann Müller, 28 February 1873 ). CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see …
  • … in ‘Pollen-eaters’, Nature , 16 January 1873, p.  202. Müller reviewed the literature on …
  • … of plants by insects in H.  Müller 1873 , pp.  3–27. In Origin , p.  99, and Variation 2: …
  • … to the plants themselves ( H.  Müller 1873 , p.  4). CD later quoted Müller on this point …

From Hermann Müller   12 May 1873

Summary

Thanks for CD’s praise of his book [see 8901].

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 300
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8909

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Hermann Müller   12 May 1873
  • … 300 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller Lippstadt 12 May 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten und die …
  • … See letter to Hermann Müller, 5 May 1873 . Müller refers to his Die Befruchtung …
  • … der Blumen durch Insekten ( H.  Müller 1873 ; see letter to …
  • … Hermann Müller, 5 May 1873  and n.  1). Müller refers to Federico Delpino, Friedrich …
  • … Lippstadt 12 May | 1873. My dear Sir, I thank you very sincerely for your kind letter. The …

From Hermann Müller   19 May 1873

Summary

Praises Expression.

Reports on Fritz Müller’s observations of cross- and self-fertilisation. HM will cultivate the two forms [i.e., mainly self-fertilised and mainly cross-fertilised] in the way CD has described.

He continues his observation of wild flowers. Encloses drawing of Viola tricolor with notes on its self-fertility.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 76: B181–2, DAR 77: 139
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8907

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From Hermann Müller   19 May 1873
  • … 139 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller Lippstadt 19 May 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … a copy of Expression in return for Müller’s gift of H.  Müller 1873 (see letter from …
  • … Hermann Müller, 28 February 1873 ). CD had evidently asked Müller the same …
  • … letter to Friedrich Hildebrand, 15 May 1873 ) in a now missing letter. Müller refers to …
  • … Garland Publishing. 1990. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten …
  • … the letter from Hermann Müller, 27 May 1873 . The reference is probably to Anton Kerner …
  • … plant fertilisation (Kerner von Marilaun 1873). CD evidently sent a copy of Bennett  …
  • … see letter from Hermann Müller, 27 May 1873 . The page numbers refer to the manuscript …
  • … Mr.  Bennett in the article May 15, 1873 of the “Nature”, you allude to, has published the …
  • … There is paper by A.  W.  Bennett Nature 1873 May 15 th p.  49. on the Fert of Wild …
  • … of flowers by means of insects ( H.  Müller 1873 ), including some species of Viola ( …
  • … of Müller’s observations ( H.  Müller 1873 , p.  118). Joseph Norman Lockyer was the …
  • … on after the publication of H.  Müller 1873  was added to the English translation of …

From Hermann Müller   27 May 1873

Summary

Poa annua shows putative evidence of nectar secretion in grasses. He will continue observations as CD requests.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 301
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8923

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Hermann Müller   27 May 1873
  • … 301 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller Lippstadt 27 May 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Lippstadt, May 27. 1873. My dear Sir I thank you very sincerely for the articles on Viola …
  • … see an article by Alfred William Bennett on Viola tricolor (Bennett 1873; see letter from …
  • … Hermann Müller, 19 May 1873  and n.  4). Thomas Meehan had discussed the fertilisation of …
  • … letter to Friedrich Hildebrand, 15 May 1873 ). Christian Konrad Sprengel’s discussion of …
  • … meadow-grass. Müller refers to Bennett 1873 (see n.  1, above). Sprengel coined the term …

To Hermann Müller   30 May 1873

Summary

Further comments on HM’s [Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Date:  30 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 146: 435, Krause 1884
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8929

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Hermann Müller   30 May 1873
  • … Further comments on HM’s [ Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)]. …
  • … 1884 Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 May 1873 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller …
  • … John Murray. 1876. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten und …
  • … Down, Beckenham, Kent May 30. 1873 My dear Sir I am much obliged for your letter received …
  • … See letter from Hermann Müller, 27 May 1873 . See …
  • … letter to Hermann Müller, 5 May 1873  and n.  1. The last section of Müller’s Die …
  • … of plants by means of insects; H.  Müller 1873 ) relates to the application of selection …
  • … contains references to H.  Müller 1873 (DAR 4; see also Cross and self fertilisation , …

From Hermann Müller   10 June 1873

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Summary

Reports on insects fertilising Viola tricolor and on the fertilisation of the two wild forms [see Cross and self-fertilisation, p. 124 n., 125].

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 77: 154–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8941

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Hermann Müller   10 June 1873
  • … 5 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller Lippstadt 10 June 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … on Befruchtung der Blumen (Fertilisation of flowers; H.  Müller 1873 ) in his letter to …
  • … Hermann Müller, 30 May 1873 . Müller refers to Cross and self fertilisation. …
  • … found, but see the letter from Hermann Müller, 27 May 1873  and n.  1. Müller had sent …
  • … tricolor in his letter to CD of 19 May 1873. Apis mellifica is now A.  mellifera , the …
  • … See letter from Hermann Müller, 19 May 1873 . Müller was interested in an article by …
  • … see letter from Hermann Müller, 27 May 1873  and n.  1). Poa annua is a meadow-grass. …
  • … Garland Publishing. 1990. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten …
  • … Lippstadt June 10 1873. My dear Sir Your letter has been a great pleasure to me by your …
  • … hoverfly. On Viola tricolor , see the letter from Hermann Müller, 19 May 1873 , and H.   …
  • … Müller 1873 , p.  145. Charles Valentine Riley had described a new species of moth ( …

From Hermann Müller   1 July 1873

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Summary

Sends a note on R. Caspary’s observations of Corydalis self-fertilisation [see Cross and self-fertilisation, p. 331].

Has begun his experiments on the self- and cross-fertilised flowers.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 July 1873
Classmark:  DAR 76: B184
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8961

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Hermann Müller   1 July 1873
  • … B184 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller Lippstadt 1 July 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Viola tricolor in his letter of 10 June 1873. CD discussed the self-sterility of varieties …
  • … Henneschen Buchhandlung. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten …
  • … Lippstadt, July 1. 1873. My dear Sir I thank you very sincerely for your kindness in …
  • … found in “Botanische Zeitung 27 Juni 1873. Nr.  26” the following note: “ Sitzungsberichte …
  • … have not been identified, but H.  Müller 1873  was praised in George Bentham’s anniversary …
  • … see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 28 June 1873  and n.  6). Müller quotes from a report by …
  • … see letter from Hermann Müller, 10 June 1873 ). Malva silvestris is the common mallow; …

From Hermann Müller   25 August 1873

Summary

Fritz Müller is now working on the Brazilian honey-bees (Melipona and Trigona).

HM thanks CD for fertilisation references.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Aug 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 302
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9028

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Hermann Müller   25 August 1873
  • … 302 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller Lippstadt 25 Aug 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten und die …
  • … CD probably sent the June 1873 issue of the Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club ; it …
  • … ibid. , pp.  21–3). In his letter of 12 May 1873, Müller had asked CD to keep him informed …
  • … of insects (A.  W.  Bennett 1873b; H.  Müller 1873 ). Fritz Müller began his work on bees …
  • … Lippstadt, August 25, 1873. My dear Sir, I am very much obliged to you for your kindness …
  • … he was reading proofs of H.  Müller 1873 ; initially he tried to find the bee species …
  • … ed.  1915–21, 2: 208–10)). In January 1873, Fritz sent Hermann around forty bee specimens, …
  • … Fritz Müller to Hermann Müller, 29 January 1873 (Möller ed.  1915–21, 2: 214–18)). For …

From Hermann Müller   15 February 1874

Summary

Feels CD’s and Fritz Müller’s judgments on his "Anwendung" essay [see 8313] are of highest value. Mentions some of FM’s comments.

Looks forward to second English edition of Descent.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 303
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9293

Matches: 1 hit

  • … letter to Fritz Müller, 25 September 1873 . See letter from Fritz Müller, [ c. January  …

From Hermann Müller   7 August 1875

Summary

Thanks for Insectivorous plants.

Believes Lepidoptera are of greater importance as fertilisers in alpine regions than in lowlands.

The famous stone pits of Ohningen are for sale.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Aug 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 304
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10110

Matches: 8 hits

  • … 7: 22–45, 441–50. Müller, Hermann. 1873–7. On the fertilisation of flowers by insects and …
  • … received an offprint of the paper in December 1873 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letter to …
  • … on the reciprocal adaptations of both. Nature , 3 July 1873, pp. …
  • … 187–9; 10 July 1873, pp. …
  • … 205–6; 25 September 1873, pp. …
  • … 433–5; 20 November 1873, pp. 44–6; 1 January 1874, pp. 164–6; 18 June 1874, pp. 129–30; 12 …
  • … of flowers by insects’ appeared in Nature between July 1873 and October 1877 ( H. …
  • … Müller 1873–7 ). The articles on alpine flowers (parts 7–9) appeared in issues for 12 …

To Hermann Müller   26 October 1875

Summary

On HM’s Befruchtung der Blumen [1873].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Date:  26 Oct 1875
Classmark:  DAR 146: 436
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10228

Matches: 3 hits

  • … On HM’s Befruchtung der Blumen [1873]. …
  • … the reciprocal adaptations of both; H. Müller 1873 ) in his research for Cross and self …
  • … of Science 24: 243–51. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten …

From Hermann Müller   16 February 1876

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Summary

Observations on hive- and humble-bees. Perforating habits differ in different individuals of the same species.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Feb 1876
Classmark:  DAR 46.2: C61–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10396

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Kosmos 13: 393–401. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten und …
  • … of flowers through insect agency; H. Müller 1873 , pp. 223–4), Müller had described how …
  • … is greater yellow rattle. In H. Müller 1873 , pp. 298–9, Müller described the floral …

To Hermann Müller   7 August 1876

Summary

Comments on Fritz Müller’s article on Hedychium.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Date:  7 Aug 1876
Classmark:  DAR 146: 437
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10572

Matches: 6 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Müller, Hermann. 1873–7. On the fertilisation of flowers by …
  • … insects and on the reciprocal adaptations of both. Nature , 3 July 1873, pp. …
  • … 187–9; 10 July 1873, pp. …
  • … 205–6; 25 September 1873, pp. …
  • … 433–5; 20 November 1873, pp. 44–6; 1 January 1874, pp. 164–6; 18 June 1874, pp. 129–30; 12 …
  • … on the fertilisation of flowers ( H. Müller 1873–7 ). The fourteenth article, ‘Flowers …

From Hermann Müller   4 September 1876

Summary

Bombus mastrucatus, an alpine bee, conforms to his observations that B. terrestris breaks open the flowers of Trifolium pratense. However, in the Alps, B. terrestris does not behave this way.

Gentiana species are adapted to lepidopteran cross-fertilisation.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Sept 1876
Classmark:  DAR 171: 306
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10589

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten und die …
  • … tube of flowers of red clover in H. Müller 1873 , p. 223. Trifolium praetense var. nivale …

From Hermann Müller   6 December 1876

Summary

Thanks for Cross and self-fertilisation.

Fritz Müller has been appointed "Naturalista Viajante" of the Rio de Janeiro Museum, which will help his income greatly.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Dec 1876
Classmark:  DAR 171: 308
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10702

Matches: 8 hits

  • … London: John Murray. 1876. Müller, Hermann. 1873–7. On the fertilisation of flowers by …
  • … insects and on the reciprocal adaptations of both. Nature , 3 July 1873, pp. …
  • … 187–9; 10 July 1873, pp. …
  • … 205–6; 25 September 1873, pp. …
  • … 433–5; 20 November 1873, pp. 44–6; 1 January 1874, pp. 164–6; 18 June 1874, pp. 129–30; 12 …
  • … October 1877, pp. 507–9. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten …
  • … the reciprocal adaptations of both; H. Müller 1873 ). On p. 6 n. , CD praised Müller for …
  • … fertilisation of flowers by insects ( H. Müller 1873–7 ). Fritz Müller had been appointed …

From Hermann Müller   28 December 1876

Summary

No papers on heterostyly have appeared since 1873.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Dec 1876
Classmark:  DAR 171: 309
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10736

Matches: 5 hits

  • … No papers on heterostyly have appeared since 1873. …
  • … on heterostyled plants has been published since 1873. As since the appearance of my “ …
  • … John Murray. 1877. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten und …
  • … of flowers by means of insects and their mutual adaptations; H. Müller 1873 ) was …
  • … published in 1873. He contributed to Leopold Just’s review of botanical literature, …
Document type
letter (24)
Addressee
Correspondent
Darwin, C. R. (24)
Müller, Hermann[X]
Date
1867 (1)
1871 (1)
1872 (1)
1873 (9)
1874 (1)
1875 (2)
1876 (5)
1877 (2)
1878 (2)
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Constantijn Costerus and his friend had written to Darwin in 1873, praising his works and describing …
  • … Letter to J. C. Costerus and N. D. Doedes, [22?] March 1873 ) The Dutch friends so …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin's bad days

Summary

Despite being a prolific worker who had many successes with his scientific theorising and experimenting, even Darwin had some bad days. These times when nothing appeared to be going right are well illustrated by the following quotations from his letters:

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Despite being a prolific worker who had many successes with his scientific theorising and …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Sunday afternoons, when they received visitors (23 March 1873; Emma described his visit in a letter …
  • … younger daughter, Bessy, did call on a Saturday in October 1873 but the Leweses were away. As a …
  • … this happened (Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [14 October 1873], DAR 258: 547b). Early the following …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …
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