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From Hermann Müller   28 December 1876

Summary

No papers on heterostyly have appeared since 1873.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Dec 1876
Classmark:  DAR 171: 309
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10736

Matches: 5 hits

  • … No papers on heterostyly have appeared since 1873. …
  • … on heterostyled plants has been published since 1873. As since the appearance of my “ …
  • … John Murray. 1877. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten und …
  • … of flowers by means of insects and their mutual adaptations; H. Müller 1873 ) was …
  • … published in 1873. He contributed to Leopold Just’s review of botanical literature, …

From Hermann Müller   6 December 1876

Summary

Thanks for Cross and self-fertilisation.

Fritz Müller has been appointed "Naturalista Viajante" of the Rio de Janeiro Museum, which will help his income greatly.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Dec 1876
Classmark:  DAR 171: 308
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10702

Matches: 8 hits

  • … London: John Murray. 1876. Müller, Hermann. 1873–7. On the fertilisation of flowers by …
  • … insects and on the reciprocal adaptations of both. Nature , 3 July 1873, pp. …
  • … 187–9; 10 July 1873, pp. …
  • … 205–6; 25 September 1873, pp. …
  • … 433–5; 20 November 1873, pp. 44–6; 1 January 1874, pp. 164–6; 18 June 1874, pp. 129–30; 12 …
  • … October 1877, pp. 507–9. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten …
  • … the reciprocal adaptations of both; H. Müller 1873 ). On p. 6 n. , CD praised Müller for …
  • … fertilisation of flowers by insects ( H. Müller 1873–7 ). Fritz Müller had been appointed …

To Hermann Müller   7 August 1876

Summary

Comments on Fritz Müller’s article on Hedychium.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Date:  7 Aug 1876
Classmark:  DAR 146: 437
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10572

Matches: 6 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Müller, Hermann. 1873–7. On the fertilisation of flowers by …
  • … insects and on the reciprocal adaptations of both. Nature , 3 July 1873, pp. …
  • … 187–9; 10 July 1873, pp. …
  • … 205–6; 25 September 1873, pp. …
  • … 433–5; 20 November 1873, pp. 44–6; 1 January 1874, pp. 164–6; 18 June 1874, pp. 129–30; 12 …
  • … on the fertilisation of flowers ( H. Müller 1873–7 ). The fourteenth article, ‘Flowers …

To Karl von Scherzer   24 January [1876]

Summary

Thanks for KHvS’s book [La province de Smyrne (1873)].

Discusses possible meeting.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Karl von Scherzer
Date:  24 Jan [1876]
Classmark:  John Hay Library, Brown University (Albert E. Lownes Manuscript Collection, Ms. 84.2 (Box 3, Folder 38))
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10364

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Thanks for KHvS’s book [ La province de Smyrne (1873)]. Discusses possible meeting. …
  • … Hof- und Staatsdruckerei. Scherzer, Karl von. 1873. La province de Smyrne: considérée au …
  • … the inscription in CD’s copy of Scherzer 1873 (see n. 3, below). Scherzer’s letter has not …
  • … of the Novara . CD’s copy of Scherzer 1873 , inscribed by the author and dated 21 January …

From G. E. S. Boulger   20 December [1876]

Summary

Is engaged in translating Hermann Müller’s Befruchtung der Blumen [1873].

Has observed Sphinx moths on Petunia.

Author:  George Edward Simonds Boulger
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Dec [1876]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 258
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10729

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Hermann Müller’s Befruchtung der Blumen [1873]. Has observed Sphinx moths on Petunia . …
  • … John Murray. 1876. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten und …
  • … and their mutual adaptations; H. Müller 1873 ) and suggested it should be translated into …

From George Henslow   24 October 1876

Summary

Thanks for CD’s book [Cross and self-fertilisation] and information on protandry and protogyny.

Health better, but paralysis lingers.

Author:  George Henslow
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Oct 1876
Classmark:  DAR 166: 174
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10652

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 1876] and n. 5. Henslow had fallen ill in 1873, and believed his paralysis to be due to a …
  • … nervous tissues (see Correspondence vol. 21, letters from J. D. Hooker, 11 April 1873 and …
  • … 16 September 1873 ). …

From Charles and Francis Darwin to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   18 February 1876

Summary

Thanks for plants supplied from Kew.

On structure and function of leaf glands of certain plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin; Francis Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  18 Feb 1876
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 39–40)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10402

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Dyer, W.T. , Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 39–40) Charles Robert Darwin Francis …
  • … Clarendon Press. 1993–7. Reinke, Johannes. 1873. Ueber die Function der Blattzähne und die …
  • … der Wissenschaften und der Georg-Augusts-Universität zu Göttingen (1873): 822–7. …
  • … significance of foliage leaf nectaries; Reinke 1873 , pp. 824–5). CD added a reference to …

From A. S. von Mansfelde   17 January 1876

Summary

Proposes an unorthodox theory of generation that explains sex determination and atavism.

Author:  Alexander Siedschlag von Mansfelde
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Jan 1876
Classmark:  DAR 180: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10361

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Bibliography Haeckel, Ernst. 1873. Natürliche Schöpfungsgeschichte. Gemeinverständliche …
  • … of germ layers at this time, see Lankester 1873. Vorticella is a genus of the ciliate …
  • … expanded edition of the book ( Haeckel 1873 ). In a chapter on the developmental history …
  • … disappeared after fertilisation ( Haeckel 1873 , p. 444). Haeckel had equated the ‘ovulum’ …
  • … as an animal cell with a nucleus ( Haeckel 1873 , p. 444). Mansfelde may have intended to …

From Hubert Airy   2 May 1876

Summary

On his new paper for Royal Society on a point of leaf arrangement. Asks CD to communicate it and "gives some details of its contents", e.g., recorded observations of changing leaf-order on individual specimens.

Comments on a paper by George Henslow ["Helianthus tuberosus", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 26 (1876): 647].

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 May 1876
Classmark:  DAR 159: 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10490

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Bibliography Airy, Hubert. 1873. On leaf-arrangement. Abstract. …
  • … by Charles Darwin. [Read 27 February 1873. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London …
  • … Airy had first outlined this claim in Airy 1873 . Airy 1876 was communicated to the Royal …
  • … 21, letter from Hubert Airy, 17 March 1873 ). See, for example, Bentley 1861 , p. 143. …

To Gaston de Saporta   10 September 1876

Summary

Hopes GdeS will publish on subjects discussed in his letter [10587]. CD had noted similar persistence of variation in fossil shells.

Calls his attention to Nägeli’s work on Hieracium.

Expresses skepticism about O. Heer’s view that dicotyledonous plants developed suddenly. Believes they must have developed slowly in some part of the globe completely isolated from other regions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Louis Charles Joseph Gaston (Gaston) de Saporta, comte de Saporta
Date:  10 Sept 1876
Classmark:  Archives Gaston de Saporta (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10591

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of the sciences and scientists for two centuries; A. de Candolle 1873 , pp. 11–14). …
  • … Bibliography Candolle, Alphonse de. 1873. Histoire des sciences et des savants depuis deux …

To J. H. Gilbert   16 February 1876

Summary

Describes self- and cross-fertilisation experiments.

Asks JHG’s advice on setting up an experiment designed to test whether the cause of variation in cultivated plants lies in different substances absorbed from the soil when absorption is not interfered with by other plants in a state of nature. Can JHG suggest how he can get soil free of all the substances which plants naturally absorb?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Henry Gilbert
Date:  16 Feb 1876
Classmark:  Rothamsted Research (GIL13)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10399

Matches: 1 hit

  • … plants (see Correspondence vol. 21, letter to W. W. Baxter, 4 September 1873 ). …

To Japetus Steenstrup   11 September 1876

Summary

Thanks JS for three essays. Has read with great interest the essay on the basking shark ["Sur les appareils tamiseurs ou fanons branchiaux du Pélerin", Kjo|benhaven Oversigt (1873): 47–66]. The explanation that the comb-like structures are of the nature of teeth is a "most wonderful case".

Sends his photograph.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johannes Japetus Smith (Japetus) Steenstrup
Date:  11 Sept 1876
Classmark:  Det Kongelige Bibliotek, Copenhagen (NKS 3460 4to); Kantonsbibliothek Vadiana (VadSlg NL 202: 33: 27q)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10594

Matches: 3 hits

  • … du Pélerin", Kjo|benhaven Oversigt (1873): 47–66]. The explanation that the comb-like …
  • … danoise des sciences et des lettres (1873): 8–10. Steenstrup, Johannes Japetus Smith. …
  • … Gunn. )). Oversigt over det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs (1873): 47–66. …

From F. M. Balfour   [14 December 1876]

Summary

Michael Foster approves of names FMB suggested CD apply to [in proposing FMB to the Royal Society] and adds George Allman, Foster, W. H. Flower, and P. M. Duncan, the only biologists on the Council.

Author:  Francis Maitland Balfour
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [14 Dec 1876]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10713

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 and n. 5). See letter from F.  M.  Balfour, [ …
  • … s Zoological Station in Naples had opened in 1873; Balfour was one of the first English …

From M. T. Masters   26 January 1876

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Summary

In response to CD’s query, answers that he has frequently heard discussions at the Horticultural Society of a saccharine secretion from leaves of the lime and has no doubt it really does occur. [See Cross and self-fertilisation, p. 402.]

Author:  Maxwell Tylden Masters
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Jan 1876
Classmark:  DAR 76: B185
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10367

Matches: 3 hits

  • … John Murray. 1876. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten und …
  • … Horticultural Society of London n.s. 4 (1873): 1–7). Masters was editor of the Gardeners’ …
  • … of the Marcgraviaceae family ( H. Müller 1873 , p. 152). CD discussed the secretion of …

From Hermann Müller   16 February 1876

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Summary

Observations on hive- and humble-bees. Perforating habits differ in different individuals of the same species.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Feb 1876
Classmark:  DAR 46.2: C61–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10396

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Kosmos 13: 393–401. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten und …
  • … of flowers through insect agency; H. Müller 1873 , pp. 223–4), Müller had described how …
  • … is greater yellow rattle. In H. Müller 1873 , pp. 298–9, Müller described the floral …

From Francis Darwin   [28 May 1876]

Summary

Reports his discovery of the behaviour of protoplasm in teasel cells.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [28 May 1876]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 37–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10515J

Matches: 3 hits

  • … only at a very early stage in the bud ( Reinke 1873 , pp. 823–5; see also Cross and self …
  • … 36, 745–61, and 769–87. Reinke, Johannes. 1873. Ueber die Function der Blattzähne und die …
  • … der Wissenschaften und der Georg-Augusts-Universität zu Göttingen (1873): 822–7. …

From J. D. Hooker   20 June 1876

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Summary

JDH’s suggested text for Lyell’s tablet in Westminster Abbey.

Vigner[?] separates digestive principle from Nepenthes, disproving R. L. Tait.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 June 1876
Classmark:  DAR 104: 57–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10540

Matches: 3 hits

  • … pitcher-plant) on CD’ s behalf since 1873 ( Correspondence vol. 21, letter from J. …
  • … D. Hooker, 20 October 1873 ). Lawson Tait had tried to isolate substances in the digestive …
  • … archives: soirée committee minutes, 1873–1977, CMB/84). For some years, two conversazioni …

From D. Appleton & Co.   18 February 1876

Summary

Encloses statement of sales of Origin, Expression, Descent, and Insectivorous plants to 1 Feb 1876.

Has charged against CD’s account half the cost of old plates from Judd for Variation. When will plates for new edition be sent?

Insectivorous plants not selling well because of general depression in business.

Author:  D. Appleton & Co
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Feb 1876
Classmark:  DAR 159: 98
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10401

Matches: 3 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. New York: D. Appleton. 1873. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works of …
  • … economic depression in the US from around 1873 until 1879 (Glasner ed. 2013). Expression …
  • … stereotypes of the English edition but has an 1873 imprint on the title page ( Freeman …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   26 April [1876]

Summary

Asks for titles of papers on structure of Nepenthes for use by R. L. Tait. Mentions paper by RLT.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  26 Apr [1876]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 62–3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10477

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Dyer, W.T. , Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 62–3) Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   3 August 1876

Summary

Requests orchid specimens for experiment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  3 Aug 1876
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 41–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10569

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Dyer, W.T. , Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 41–2) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Aug …
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Date
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06 (4)
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Constantijn Costerus and his friend had written to Darwin in 1873, praising his works and describing …
  • … Letter to J. C. Costerus and N. D. Doedes, [22?] March 1873 ) The Dutch friends so …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin's bad days

Summary

Despite being a prolific worker who had many successes with his scientific theorising and experimenting, even Darwin had some bad days. These times when nothing appeared to be going right are well illustrated by the following quotations from his letters:

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Despite being a prolific worker who had many successes with his scientific theorising and …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

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  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

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  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

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  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

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  • … Sunday afternoons, when they received visitors (23 March 1873; Emma described his visit in a letter …
  • … younger daughter, Bessy, did call on a Saturday in October 1873 but the Leweses were away. As a …
  • … this happened (Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [14 October 1873], DAR 258: 547b). Early the following …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

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  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

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  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

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  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …
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