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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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From George Cupples   21 February 1874

Summary

Answers to queries are being sent.

Enclosure 1: statistics on puppies bred by Rayner in 1873.

Enclosure 2 from W. N. Massey: number of males or females raised depends entirely on preference of greyhound breeders.

Enclosure 3 from E. L. Williams: breeders prefer to destroy bitch pups.

Enclosure 4: Thomas Morse answers CD’s three queries, transmitted by GC: (1) in deerhounds, females predominate, three to one; (2) in all but cattle, females are less worth preserving; (3) TM rears all the young.

Enclosure 5: John Wright responds to CD’s queries about proportion of sexes in births of horses, cattle, and dogs.

Enclosure 6: G. W. Hickman cannot give reliable answers to CD’s queries on proportion of sexes born [in greyhounds?].

Author:  George Cupples
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 90: 91–2, 94–7, 102–13, 117–19; DAR 161: 301
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9309

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Enclosure 1: statistics on puppies bred by Rayner in 1873. …
  • … to kill all but 1 bitch & gives both for 1873— Think with greyhounds as many bitches as …
  • … Hall Lodge Cupar, Fife during the year 1873. Breed Name Number in each litter Dogs in each …

To Nature   11 February [1874]

Summary

Prefaces Fritz Müller’s observations on termites and stingless bees [see 9281].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  11 Feb [1874]
Classmark:  Nature, 19 February 1874, pp. 308–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9283

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to the first three parts of F.  Müller 1873–5, published in Jenaische Zeitschrift für …
  • … long-running series, ‘Fertilisation of flowers by insects’, in Nature (H.  Müller 1873–7). …

From Robert Swinhoe   14 January 1874

Summary

Wants CD to propose him for the Royal Society.

Author:  Robert Swinhoe
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 177: 337
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9242

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Society of London in January 1874 (Swinhoe 1873; Morning Post , 23 January 1874, p. 6). …
  • … boyciana ) was described by Swinhoe in 1873; these two were presented to the Zoological …

To G. E. Dobson   25 May [1874]

Summary

Thanks for note and paper ["Secondary sexual characters in Cheiroptera", Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. (1873): 241–52].

Has corrected error in new edition of Descent [1874].

Sees nothing strange in geckos inhabiting frost-clad land and having no claws.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Edward Dobson
Date:  25 May [1874]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (B/D25.360)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9467

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Cheiroptera", Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. (1873): 241–52]. Has corrected error in new edition …
  • … from G.  E.  Dobson, 23 May 1874 . Dobson 1873 appeared in Proceedings of the Zoological …

From H. H. Howorth   3 January [1874]

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Summary

On the extinction of populations. [See Descent, 2d ed., p. 183.]

Author:  Henry Hoyle Howorth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 90: 28–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8722

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Kilda (see n.  4, below). Howorth wrote ‘1873’ in error. CD’s letters to Howorth have not …
  • … letter from H.  H.  Howorth, 31 December 1873 . Howorth sent CD a copy of the first part …
  • … an article, ‘A visit to St Kilda in 1873’, in Good Words in 1875 (Angus Smith 1875). No …

From C.-F. Reinwald   10 December 1874

Summary

Sends French translation of Journal of researches and will send the £20 due to CD when 750 copies have been sold.

Author:  Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 176: 103
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9752

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 21, letter from C. -F.  Reinwald, 14 May 1873 . CD recorded a payment of £20 from Reinwald …
  • … months. According to our proposal of May 14. 1873.  a percentage in the sale of the book

From V. O. Kovalevsky   25 May 1874

Summary

Regret at reading of Huxley’s death [a false report].

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) Kovalevsky
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 May 1874
Classmark:  DAR 169: 97
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9469

Matches: 3 hits

  • … to T.  H.  Huxley’s gift, [25 April 1873] ). Cyrena (a synonym of Corbicula ) is a genus …
  • … to Albany Hancock, who died on 24 October 1873, and John Phillips, who died on 24 April  …
  • … children ( NBL ) received a subscription. In 1873, several friends of Huxley, including …

From Hubert Airy   13 March 1874

Summary

Has rewritten paper on leaf arrangement after criticism by Royal Society referees. Has found new factor influencing leaf arrangement, i.e., spontaneous variability in the number of vertical leaf-ranks.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 159: 29
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9357

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 21, letter from Hubert Airy, 7 December 1873 , and this volume, letter from Hubert Airy, …
  • … from Hubert Airy, 26 [September–November 1873] ), but an abstract had been published ( …
  • … H. Airy 1873). CD did communicate Airy’s revised paper to the Royal Society. It was read …

From Mary Treat   8 June 1874

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Summary

Sends her observations on Dionaea capturing insects. [See Insectivorous plants, pp. 311–12.]

Author:  Mary Lua Adelia (Mary) Treat
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 58–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9485

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sundew), see Correspondence vol.  21, letter from Mary Treat, 28 July 1873 , and letter to …
  • … Mary Treat, 12 August 1873 . Treat refers to Thomas Fanning Wood of Wilmington, North …
  • … 21, letter to Mary Treat, 1 January 1873 ); he argued in Insectivorous plants , pp.  311– …

From G. H. Darwin   6 February 1874

Summary

Finds statistical evidence that cousin marriages are at least three times as frequent in "our rank" as in the lower.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 33
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9268

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Darwin to Richard Strachey, [29 August  1873] . Thomas Henry Huxley had observed a séance …
  • … for the Advancement of Science in 1873, but no abstract was printed; he summarised this …
  • … vol.  21, letter from Richard Strachey, 25 August 1873 , and letter from G.  H.   …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   27 [June 1874]

Summary

Thanks for letter on Erica tetralix.

Identification of leaves digested by Pinguicula.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  27 [June 1874]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 18)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9566

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Dyer, W. T. , Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 18) Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 [June …

To John Fiske   3 November [1874]

Summary

Thanks JF for copy of Cosmic philosophy [1874].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Fiske
Date:  3 Nov [1874]
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (FK 1110-1112)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9706

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Emma Litchfield’s house in November 1873, when Fiske was in London for three months …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  21, letter from John Fiske, 31 October 1873 , and Appendix II). …

From J. T. Moggridge   7 March 1874

Summary

Sends abstract of Martin Ziegler’s paper on sensitive movements in Drosera ["Sur un fait physiologique observé sur des feuilles de Drosera", C. R. Hebd. Acad. Sci. 74 (1872): 1227–9].

JTM’s experiments with formic acid and ants have failed to reveal the secret of the ants, but have taught him a great deal about germination.

Author:  John Traherne Moggridge
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 224
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9339

Matches: 4 hits

  • … a reply to Moggridge’s letter of 4 November 1873 ( Correspondence vol.  21); Moggridge had …
  • … CD had begun writing on Drosera (sundew) in 1873; he began writing Insectivorous plants on …
  • … 21, letter from J.  T.  Moggridge, 4 November 1873 ). CD had made this suggestion in his …
  • … letter to J.  T.  Moggridge, 27 August 1873 ( Correspondence vol.  21). The micropyle is …

From J. D. Hooker   3 March 1874

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Summary

The row at the Linnean Society and other troubles.

The Agricultural Society has sent Anton De Bary £100 to investigate the potato disease – an insult to M. J. Berkeley, who had worked on it for 30 years.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 189–92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9331

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of the Linnean Society of London (1873–4): xii–xiii). This disagreement resulted in …
  • … 21, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873  and n.  8). John Crawfurd’s distinction …
  • … of the Linnean Society of London (1873–4): xvii–xviii. George Russell, grandson of the …
  • … 21, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 August 1873 ). The secretaries were Algernon Bertram …

From J. V. Carus   7 July 1874

Summary

Thanks for proofs [of Descent, 2d English ed.].

Publisher would like better photographs for Expression [2d German ed.].

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 161: 96
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9536

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 2009, pp.  108–10. In the summers of 1873 and 1874, Carus gave a course of lectures on …
  • … 21, letter from J.  V.  Carus, [before 8 May 1873] , and this volume, letter from J.  V.   …

To J. D. Hooker   30 August [1874]

Summary

Thanks JDH for his "quite admirable" address [Rep. BAAS 44 (1874) pt 2: 102–16]. Suggests revisions.

CD thinks he is "now on right track about Utricularia" after wasting several weeks "in fruitless trials and observations".

Mrs Barber’s paper is very curious and ought to be published.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  30 Aug [1874]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (JDH/6/3 Insectivorous plants 1873–8: 40)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9613

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Gardens, Kew (JDH/6/3 Insectivorous plants 1873–8: 40) Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Aug [ …

From T. H. Huxley   25 June 1874

Summary

Returns proof of his note on brain for 2d ed. of Descent. Has added a reference to Abbé Lecomte’s "terrible pamphlet" [Le Darwinisme et l’origine de l’homme (1873)] "lest it be thought I meant our cher Owen".

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 166: 334
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9510

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Le Darwinisme et l’origine de l’homme (1873)] "lest it be thought I meant our cher Owen". …
  • … and the origins of humans (Lecomte 1873). Huxley had repeatedly attacked the comparative …

From Albert Günther   14 February 1874

Summary

Signs Robert Swinhoe’s certificate [for the Royal Society] with pleasure.

Author:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 97: C39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9291

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 1874 . Günther had asked CD about Galápagos tortoises in 1873 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 21, letter to Albert Günther, 12 April [1873] ). Günther’s research on tortoises was …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   15 April 1874

Summary

Thanks for the seeds and plants that he requested.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  15 Apr 1874
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9410

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Dyer, W. T. , Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 7) Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 Apr …

From Ernst Haeckel   26 October 1874

Summary

Thanks CD for Descent, 2d ed.

Comments on German edition of CD’s collected works.

Sales of his Anthropogenie [1874] in various countries.

Anticlericalism and progress of Darwinism in Germany.

Author:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Oct 1874
Classmark:  DAR 166: 62
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9698

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Library–Down. Between March and June 1873, Haeckel had visited Egypt, Turkey, Greece, and …
  • … seit meiner Rückkehr aus dem Orient (Mai 1873) beschäftigt. Es war ein hartes Stück …
  • … since my return from the Orient (May 1873). It was a demanding piece of work, particularly …
Document type
letter (180)
Date
1874
01 (22)
02 (25)
03 (26)
04 (23)
05 (16)
06 (21)
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Constantijn Costerus and his friend had written to Darwin in 1873, praising his works and describing …
  • … Letter to J. C. Costerus and N. D. Doedes, [22?] March 1873 ) The Dutch friends so …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Sunday afternoons, when they received visitors (23 March 1873; Emma described his visit in a letter …
  • … younger daughter, Bessy, did call on a Saturday in October 1873 but the Leweses were away. As a …
  • … this happened (Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [14 October 1873], DAR 258: 547b). Early the following …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

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  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

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  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

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  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

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  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …
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