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Darwin Correspondence Project
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From T. H. Huxley   14 April 1874

Summary

Sends his screed about the brain [for Descent], which he thinks pounds the enemy into a jelly.

Is in good health.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 198–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9409

Matches: 2 hits

  • … s physician (see Correspondence vol.  21, letter to G.  H.  Darwin, [ 3 April 1873] ). …
  • … 1867, Bischoff 1868, Lucae 1865, and Lucae 1873. Christoph Theodor Aeby, Theodore Ludwig …

From John Murray   3 November 1874

Summary

Statement of stock on hand of CD’s works.

Expression, curiously, at a dead stand-still.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 441
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9707

Matches: 4 hits

  • … numbers on the left by hand. In September 1873, Murray had printed another 2000 copies of …
  • … letter from John Murray, 25 September [1873] ), but the anticipated sales did not occur ( …
  • … Murray refers to the 1873 reprint of Journal of researches (1870). CD was managing the …
  • … 21, letter to Fritz Müller, 25 September 1873 ). CD had probably sent Murray a request for …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   13 October 1874

Summary

Discusses the powers of digestion of Drosera and why certain substances produce less excitement in the plant than others.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  13 Oct 1874
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-20)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9678

Matches: 4 hits

  • … S.  Burdon Sanderson, 25 July 1873 ), and he described them in Insectivorous plants , …
  • … pp.  110–12. In Klein et al. 1873, 1: 445, Thomas Lauder Brunton described the preparation …
  • … on the digestion of gelatine by Drosera (sundew) in 1873 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 21, letter to Edward Frankland, 12 July 1873 , and letter to J.   …

From F. W. Rayner to George Cupples   21 February 1874

Summary

Statistics on puppies bred by him in 1873.

Author:  Rayner, W. F.
Addressee:  George Cupples
Date:  21 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 90: 102–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9308

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Statistics on puppies bred by him in 1873. …

From T. H. Huxley   6 March 1874

Summary

Has heard from Dohrn about his financial problems. Asks CD’s advice on what to do.

THH’s article in Contemporary Review ["Universities: actual and ideal" (1874), Collected essays, vol. 3 (1894)].

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 193–4; Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine (Huxley: 13.256, 13.258)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9336

Matches: 8 hits

  • … aquarium to be opened at the Villa Reale in 1873 as part of the Zoological Station founded …
  • … A handbook for travellers in Southern Italy , published in London by Murray in 1873 (John …
  • … Murray (Firm) 1873), made no mention of the aquarium or Zoological Station; it was not …
  • … 21, letter from T.  H.  Huxley to Anton Dohrn, 15 November 1873 , and letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 3 December 1873 ). In his letter (see enclosure), Dohrn told Huxley that his …
  • … 21, letter from F.  M.  Balfour, 11 November 1873 ). Huxley’s inaugural address (see n.   …
  • … published in the Contemporary Review 23 (1873–4): 657–79, in March 1874. Huxley’s death …
  • … s handbook to Southern Italy (Karl Baedeker (Firm) 1873, p.  77), mentioned that the …

To J. D. Hooker   [before 15 July 1874]

Summary

Suggests experiments to try [with Nepenthes]. Asks JDH to test whether cabbage seeds and peas exposed to the ferment germinate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [before 15 July 1874]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873–8: 38–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9523

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Gardens, Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873–8: 38–9) Charles Robert Darwin unstated [ …
  • … the postscript to the letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 November 1873 ( Correspondence vol. 21). …
  • … and the letter to Hooker of 6 November 1873 were only known from copies, and the copyist …

To Edmund Hartnack   1 March 1874

Summary

Has been waiting several months for a microscope objective and would like it without delay.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edmund Hartnack
Date:  1 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 97: C42
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9326

Matches: 4 hits

  • … s letter has not been found. In October 1873, CD had decided to order an immersion lens (a …
  • … vol.  21, letter to Francis Darwin, 10 October 1873 ), having purchased a microscope …
  • … from Hartnack in June 1873 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … letter from Francis Darwin, [before 26 June 1873] and n.   9). Hartnack had developed a …

To J. D. Hooker   8 January 1874

thumbnail

Summary

Thanks JDH for Asa Gray’s interesting letter.

Would like JDH’s copy of Coral reefs. Needs it for corrections for a new edition. Cannot buy one.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 95: 310; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Asa Gray Correspondence: Letter from Gray to Hooker, folio 658)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9231

Matches: 4 hits

  • … the Royal Society of London on 27 November 1873 ( Record of the Royal Society of London ). …
  • … the letter from Asa Gray of 26 December 1873 has not been found, but Gray’s letter, which …
  • … publisher, Smith, Elder & Co, in December 1873 about producing a new edition of the work ( …
  • … letter to Smith, Elder & Co, 17 December [1873] ). Coral reefs 2d ed.  was published in …

From Fritz Müller   [c. January 1874]

Summary

Agrees with Bates that neuter termites are not modified imagos (sterile females), but modified larvae (of both sexes).

Systematic relations of stingless honey-bees (Melipona and Trigona) are not yet well established.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. Jan 1874]
Classmark:  Nature, 19 February 1874, p. 309
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9281

Matches: 6 hits

  • … on termites in November 1872 and it was published in 1873 in the Jenaische Zeitschrift für …
  • … Naturwissenschaft (F.  Müller 1873–5, pp.  451–63). Müller argued that the two forms of …
  • … possible) in some plants (F.  Müller 1873–5, pp.  458–9). Müller’s interest in stingless …
  • … of flowers by insect agency (H.  Müller 1873) and initially he tried to find the bee …
  • … Möller ed.  1915–21, 2: 208–10). In January 1873, Fritz sent around forty bee specimens, …
  • … Fritz Müller to Hermann Müller, 29 January 1873, Möller ed.  1915–21, 2: 214– 18). For …

To T. L. Brunton   4 March 1874

Summary

On digestive powers of Drosera and those of higher animals.

Comments on expression on two halves of human face.

Responds to TLB’s views of serpent- and fire-worship.

Poison of venomous snakes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet
Date:  4 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 143: 159
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9334

Matches: 5 hits

  • … S.  Burdon Sanderson, 19 November [1873]); the results of Burdon Sanderson’s experiments …
  • … gelatine’ in Medical Record , 22 January 1873, pp.  36–7. See letter from T.  L.  Brunton, …
  • … on the two sides of the face in December 1873 (see Correspondence vol.  21, letter from …
  • … T.  L.  Brunton, 2 December 1873 ). There is no reference to Brunton in Expression 2d …
  • … Society of London (Brunton and Fayrer 1873–4, pp.  74–5). CD’s lightly annotated copy of …

To C. H. Merriam   29 April 1874

Summary

Asks CHM to send his paper.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Clinton Hart Merriam
Date:  29 Apr 1874
Classmark:  Christie’s, New York (dealers) (November 1997)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9433A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … The reference is to Hayden 1873 (see letter from C.  H.  Merriam, 19 May 1874 ). …

To Down School Board   16 November 1874

Summary

Must resign because of his health.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Down School Board
Date:  16 Nov 1874
Classmark:  Bromley Central Library, Local Studies Library and Archives (P/123/25/10/1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9720

Matches: 2 hits

  • … In December 1873, ill health had prevented CD from attending the board to argue in person …
  • … of Down (see Correspondence vol.  21, letter to Down School Board, 19 December 1873 ). …

From C.-F. Reinwald   4 February 1874

Summary

Sends £40 for copyright to Édmond Barbier’s revision of Moulinié’s Descent translation.

Journal of researches translation is in press.

Author:  Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 176: 102
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9265

Matches: 3 hits

  • … by Edmond Barbier (Moulinié trans.  1873–4). Reinwald refers to Barbier trans.  1875, a …
  • … edition of Descent was Moulinié trans.  1873–4. CD recorded the payment in his Account …
  • … vol.  21, letter from C. -F.  Reinwald, 4 March 1873 ). The revision was made …

To J. V. Carus   9 July [1874]

Summary

Advises JVC on how his publisher might deal with problem of getting satisfactory heliotype copies for 2d [German] edition of Expression.

Regrets that he will again be away in August, when JVC might have come for a visit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  9 July [1874]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859 Darwin, Charles, Bl. 116–118
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9539

Matches: 3 hits

  • … from J.  V.  Carus, 18 April 1870 ) and 1873 ( Correspondence vol.  21, letter to J.   …
  • … V.  Carus, 2 August [1873] ). …
  • … Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen trans.  1873), about the alternative source for plates has …

To H. E. Litchfield   21 [March 1874]

Summary

Proof-correcting [of 2d ed. of Coral reefs?].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  21 [Mar 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 153: 84
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9324

Matches: 4 hits

  • … preparing Descent 2d ed.  on 20 November 1873 ( Correspondence vol.  21, Appendix II); it …
  • … the publishers Smith, Elder and Co. in December 1873 (see Correspondence vol.  21, letter …
  • … to Smith, Elder & Co. , 17 December [1873]). CD’ …
  • … s illness had begun on 26 August 1873, when he suffered a partial loss of memory for …

From D. A. Spalding   21 July 1874

Summary

Thanks for CD’s son’s observations

and for allowing DAS to visit Down.

Author:  Douglas Alexander Spalding
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 177: 221
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9557

Matches: 3 hits

  • … earlier article on instinct had interested CD (see Spalding 1873 and Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 21, letter to Nature , [before 13 February 1873]). Spalding visited CD on 27 May 1874 (see …
  • … Amberley (John and Katharine Louisa Russell), in 1873. In May 1874, Frank became ill with …

To Fritz Müller   1 January 1874

Summary

Thanks for two pamphlets.

Sends Thomas Belt’s [The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)], "the best Nat. Hist. book of travels ever published".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  1 Jan 1874
Classmark:  British Library (Loan MS 10 no 36)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9223

Matches: 4 hits

  • … the understanding of termites; F.  Müller 1873–5). CD’s annotated copies are in the Darwin …
  • … in Nicaragua (Belt 1874) was published in December 1873 ( Publishers’ circular , …
  • … 18 December 1873, p.  1062). Belt described chambers in the ant nest filled with a spongy …
  • … part of his study of termites (F.  Müller 1873–5, pp.  333–9), Müller had described two …

From G. E. Dobson   23 May 1874

Summary

Sends his paper ["On secondary sexual characters in the Cheiroptera", Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. (1873): 241–52]

and some of his observations of the gecko, which appear to contradict CD’s opinion.

Author:  George Edward Dobson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 May 1874
Classmark:  DAR 162: 192
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9465

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the Cheiroptera", Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. (1873): 241–52] and some of his observations of …
  • … Dobson 1873. In Descent 1: 416–17, CD argued that caterpillars had developed protection in …

To J. D. Hooker   4 March [1874]

thumbnail

Summary

CD guessed Carruthers was stirred up by Owen. Disgraceful treatment of Bentham.

Work on Descent and Coral reefs stops his doing anything of real interest.

Asa Gray’s letter. CD has acknowledged the honour [honorary membership in the Boston Soc. Nat. Hist.].

"What a demon on earth Owen is. I do hate him."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Mar [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 313–16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9333

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Henry Huxley (see Correspondence vol.  21, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 20 December [1873] ). …
  • … second edition of Descent on 20 November 1873, and continued to work on it for the first …
  • … reefs . Andrew Clark had begun treating CD in 1873; he was renowned for prescribing strict …
  • … 21, letter from Andrew Clark, 3 September 1873 . Hooker had forwarded a letter from Asa …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   20 January 1874

Summary

Russian Expression has sold nearly 2000 copies.

Plans to come to England to study collections of vertebrate fossils from the Chalk. This will complement his work in the south of France.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) Kovalevsky
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 169: 95
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9251

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his monograph on Anthracotherium , published in September 1873 and January 1874 (V.   …
  • … O.  Kovalevsky 1873–4). The dedication reads ‘Herrn Charles Darwin in tiefster Verehrung …
  • … and only began work on Cross and self fertilisation in February 1873; he returned to work …
  • … on Drosera in mid-June 1873 (see Correspondence vols.  20 and 21, Appendix II). Kovalevsky …
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Constantijn Costerus and his friend had written to Darwin in 1873, praising his works and describing …
  • … Letter to J. C. Costerus and N. D. Doedes, [22?] March 1873 ) The Dutch friends so …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Sunday afternoons, when they received visitors (23 March 1873; Emma described his visit in a letter …
  • … younger daughter, Bessy, did call on a Saturday in October 1873 but the Leweses were away. As a …
  • … this happened (Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [14 October 1873], DAR 258: 547b). Early the following …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …
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