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To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   4 April 1874

Summary

Wants some plants for observation and for experimentation on their powers of movement.

Asks WTT-D to make observations on plants with sensitive stamens or pistil.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  4 Apr 1874
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 5–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9387

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Dyer, W. T. , Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 5–6) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Apr …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 30 October [1873] ). CD had …
  • … Acacia farnesiana from Kew in October 1873 (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Outwards book , …
  • … on leaves in his letter to CD of 14 August 1873 ( Correspondence vol.  21; see also letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 20 December [1873] ). …
  • … the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 31 October 1873 ( Correspondence vol.  21). The list has not …
  • … to the book ( Correspondence vol.  21, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 30 August 1873 ). CD …
  • … ordered plants from George Rollisson in 1873 (see Correspondence vol.  21, letters to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 18 October [1873] and …
  • … 3 November [1873]). Stapelia is a genus of stem succulent plants; most are native to South …
  • … lusitanicum (Portuguese sundew or dewy pine) in 1873 ( Correspondence vol.  21, letter to …

To Williams & Norgate   13 April [1874]

Summary

Asks correspondent to obtain odd numbers of Flora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Williams & Norgate
Date:  13 Apr [1874]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (440)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9406

Matches: 4 hits

  • … the book is not very expensive I w d have if necessary the whole vol.  for the year 1873. …
  • … I very much want no rs . 28 & 29 of the year 1873. Or if necessary half a volume for the …
  • … 28 and 29 of the German journal Flora (1873) contained a two-part article by the Russian …
  • … Batalin on nyctitropism in leaves (Batalin 1873). CD’s annotated copy with a separate …

To J. D. Hooker   7 [April 1874]

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Summary

C. V. Riley’s case of Pronuba moth and the fertilisation of Yucca, is the most wonderful case of fertilisation ever published [Am. Nat. 7 (1873): 619–23].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  7 [Apr 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 321
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9395

Matches: 4 hits

  • … is the most wonderful case of fertilisation ever published [ Am. Nat. 7 (1873): 619–23]. …
  • … House, and by the reference to Riley 1873 (see nn.  2 and 3, below). Charles Valentine …
  • … of the yucca moth Pronuba yuccasella (now Tegiticula yuccasella ), in Riley 1873. …
  • … An offprint of Riley 1873 is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL, and is annotated by …

From Anton Dohrn   6 April 1874

Summary

His gratitude for CD’s gift. An account of his difficulties with the Zoological Station and his health.

F. M. Balfour has told him that CD would like to see the question of complemental males in cirripedes studied again. AD would like to enter the field and to study the whole morphological development of cirripedes.

Describes the interest in embryological work in Russia and Germany.

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 162: 214
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9394

Matches: 8 hits

  • … vol.  21, letter from Anton Dohrn, 7 June 1873 ). Among the first visitors to the station …
  • … my forces since the beginning of the year 1873 caused a great many difficulties to grow up …
  • … males’ in a letter to Nature , 20 September [1873] ( Correspondence vol.  21). For Dohrn’s …
  • … vol.  21, letter from Anton Dohrn, 7 June 1873  and nn.  11 and 12. On the work of …
  • … 21, letter from Anton Dohrn, 7 June 1873  and nn.  15 and 16. Dohrn refers to Alexander …
  • … in southern Italy; the most recent editions were John Murray (Firm) ed.  1873 and Karl …
  • … Baedeker (Firm) 1873. See also letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 6 March 1874  and n.   …
  • … in southern Italy (John Murray (Firm) 1873) has been found; however, a revised edition …

From Michael Foster   7 April [1874]

Summary

Is organising an appeal for the Naples Zoological Station.

Author:  Michael Foster
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Apr [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 165
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9396

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Zoological Station at Naples since late 1873 (see Heuss 1991, p.  153). On the financial …
  • … vol.  21, letter from F.  M.  Balfour, 11 November 1873 , and letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 3 December 1873 ). The enclosure has not been found. …
  • … an appeal for the Zoological Station in 1873 (see Correspondence vol.  21, letter from …
  • … T.  H.  Huxley to Anton Dorhn, 15 November 1873). Foster was praelector in physiology at …

From T. H. Huxley   14 April 1874

Summary

Sends his screed about the brain [for Descent], which he thinks pounds the enemy into a jelly.

Is in good health.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 198–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9409

Matches: 2 hits

  • … s physician (see Correspondence vol.  21, letter to G.  H.  Darwin, [ 3 April 1873] ). …
  • … 1867, Bischoff 1868, Lucae 1865, and Lucae 1873. Christoph Theodor Aeby, Theodore Ludwig …

To C. H. Merriam   29 April 1874

Summary

Asks CHM to send his paper.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Clinton Hart Merriam
Date:  29 Apr 1874
Classmark:  Christie’s, New York (dealers) (November 1997)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9433A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … The reference is to Hayden 1873 (see letter from C.  H.  Merriam, 19 May 1874 ). …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   15 April 1874

Summary

Thanks for the seeds and plants that he requested.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  15 Apr 1874
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9410

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Dyer, W. T. , Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 7) Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 Apr …

From T. H. Farrer   [before 10 April 1874]

Summary

Observations on Coronilla.

Author:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 10 Apr 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 77
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8854

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 21, letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 10 August [1873] and n.  2). Farrer had observed flowers of …
  • … vol.  21, second letter from T.  H.  Farrer, 12 August [1873] , and letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Coronilla montana is now C.  coronata ; C.  varia is now …

From C. J. Monro   26 April 1874

Summary

Sends cherry blossoms damaged by birds in response to CD’s letter in Nature ["Flowers of the primrose", Collected papers 2: 183–4].

Author:  Cecil James Monro
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 230
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9428

Matches: 2 hits

  • … see Correspondence vol.  21, letter from Richard Strachey, 9 December 1873 , and letter to …
  • … Richard Strachey, 10 December [1873] ). CD discussed the cherry blossoms in his letter to …

From W. B. Dawkins   26 April 1874

Summary

Asks CD’s support for his application for the Chair of Geology at Oxford.

Author:  William Boyd Dawkins
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 162: 128
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9429

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of geology at the University of Cambridge in 1873 (see Correspondence vol.  21, letter to …
  • … W.  B.  Dawkins, 3 February 1873 ). John Phillips died on 24 April 1874; he had been …

From J. S. Burdon Sanderson   25 April 1874

Summary

Purpose of experiments was to determine digestive activity of liquids containing pepsin. Gives required amounts of hydrochloric, propionic, butyric and valerianic acids. Describes experiment and gives results. Also experimented on digestive activity of butyric acid at greater temperatures than the termperature of the body.

Author:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.2: 65–70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9427F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … acids to Burdon Sanderson (see letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 15 November [1873] ). …
  • … to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 15 November [1873] ). He gave a briefer report of the results …

To Edward Frankland   12 April 1874

Summary

Finding that the leaves of Drosera digest all the phosphate of lime out of bones and then remain clasped over the bones for a long time, CD wants to determine whether it is the phosphate of lime or the animal matter in the bones that keeps them clasped. He asks EF to send 2 or 3 grams of pure phosphate of lime for his testing. [See 9411.] Will experiment in the summer using EF’s suggestion that leaves might serve to test weak sewage. Results of Sanderson’s experiments with acids of great use.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Frankland
Date:  12 Apr 1874
Classmark:  The John Rylands Library, The University of Manchester
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9405A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … on Descent 2d ed.  since 20 November 1873 (see Correspondence vol.  21, Appendix II); he …
  • … to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 15 November [1873] and n.  2). Burdon Sanderson’s experiments …

To Anton Dohrn   16 April and 9 August 1874

Summary

Has written to J. Murray to have account of the Zoological Station inserted in the Murray guidebook.

The circular about the Station has been printed; some have already signed.

Received R. Kossman’s paper on Anelasma ["Untersuchungen über die durch Parasitismus hervorgerufenen Umbildungen in der Familie der Pedunculata", Verh. Phys.-med. Ges. Würz. N. F. 5 (1874): 129–57]. The case is the most interesting ever recorded of gradation, i.e., from an animal with a stomach to one with roots like a plant.

Delighted he will examine the complemental males of Scalpellum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Date:  16 Apr 1874 or 9 Aug 1874
Classmark:  Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München (Ana 525, Ba 702)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9414

Matches: 2 hits

  • … taxonomy of the Pedunculata (Kossmann 1873). CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin Pamphlet …
  • … vol.  21, letter from Anton Dohrn, 7 June 1873  and nn.  15 and 16. Anelasma squalicola is …

To Enrico Morselli   10 April 1874

Summary

Thanks EM for essay ["Sopra un rara anomalia dell’osso malare", Annu. Soc. Nat. Modena 7 (1873): 1–50]. CD agrees as far as he understands. Cannot see how new modifications could arise by atavism. "The more I study nature, the more I feel convinced that species generally change by extremely slight modifications."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Enrico Morselli
Date:  10 Apr 1874
Classmark:  Piero Leonardi (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9403

Matches: 1 hit

  • … osso malare", Annu. Soc. Nat. Modena 7 (1873): 1–50]. CD agrees as far as he understands. …

To Edward Frankland   22 April [1874]

Summary

Requests permission to call briefly to discuss Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Frankland
Date:  22 Apr [1874]
Classmark:  The John Rylands Library, The University of Manchester
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9424A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … corresponding with Frankland since July 1873 about the acids in the digestive secretions …

To G. H. Darwin   [21 April 1874]

Summary

GHD’s corrections seem very good. Murray hopes there will be few corrections in Descent. CD assured him no changes have been made merely for improving style.

Wants very much to hear about "the terrible cousin affair".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [21 Apr 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9423

Matches: 1 hit

  • … was CD’s publisher. CD refers to Motley 1873 (see letter to John Murray, 12 April 1874   …

From W. W. Reade   6 April [1874]

Summary

Just back from Gold Coast.

Would like to become a member of the Royal Institution.

Author:  William Winwood Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Apr [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 176: 71
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9392

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 21, letter from W.  W.  Reade, 31 August [1873] ). CD’s brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin, had …

To Henry Willett   19 April [1874]

Summary

F. M. Balfour is in Naples. Comments on rate at which sea eats back the land, as given in early editions of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Willett
Date:  19 Apr [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 148: 359
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9420

Matches: 1 hit

  • … at the Zoological Station there since late 1873 (see letter from Michael Foster, 7 April [ …

To John Murray   4 April 1874

Summary

Has finished corrections for 2d edition of Descent – "as hard work as I have ever had in my life". Estimates it is 40 pages longer than 1st edition.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  4 Apr 1874
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 350–1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9388

Matches: 1 hit

  • … preparing Descent 2d ed.  on 20 November 1873 ( Correspondence vol.  21, Appendix II). …
Document type
letter (23)
Date
1874
04
04 (2)
06 (2)
07 (2)
10 (2)
12 (2)
13 (1)
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16 (1)
19 (1)
20 (1)
21 (1)
22 (1)
25 (1)
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Constantijn Costerus and his friend had written to Darwin in 1873, praising his works and describing …
  • … Letter to J. C. Costerus and N. D. Doedes, [22?] March 1873 ) The Dutch friends so …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Sunday afternoons, when they received visitors (23 March 1873; Emma described his visit in a letter …
  • … younger daughter, Bessy, did call on a Saturday in October 1873 but the Leweses were away. As a …
  • … this happened (Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [14 October 1873], DAR 258: 547b). Early the following …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …
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