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To W. E. Darwin   23 [February 1872 – October 1874]

Summary

Asks for investment advice.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  23 [Feb 1872 - Oct 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 132
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13800

Matches: 12 hits

  • … 23 July 1872 23 Aug 1872 23 Sept 1872 23 Oct 1872 23 Nov 1872 23 Dec 1872 23 Jan 1873 23 …
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  • … Dec 1873 23 Jan 1874 23 Feb 1874 23 Mar 1874 23 Apr 1874 23 May 1874 23 June 1874 23 July …

To Alphonse de Candolle   11 December 1872

Summary

Thanks AdeC for great pleasure his new book [Histoire des sciences (1873)] has given him. Comments on several of the essays.

When AdeC backs up Asa Gray in saying all instincts are congenital habits, CD must protest.

Asks several questions about butterflies of the Alps discussed on p. 322 [of Histoire].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alphonse de Candolle
Date:  11 Dec 1872
Classmark:  Archives de la famille de Candolle (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8672

Matches: 11 hits

  • … favouring caution (A.   Candolle  1873 , p.  322). CD had discussed the attraction of …
  • … his new book [ Histoire des sciences (1873)] has given him. Comments on several of the …
  • … Bibliography Candolle, Alphonse de. 1873. Histoire des sciences et des savants depuis deux …
  • … sent an advance copy of A.   Candolle 1873 ( Histoire des sciences et des savants depuis …
  • … CUL (see Marginalia 1: 153). See A.   Candolle 1873 , 1: 70–183. Candolle noted the early …
  • … source of the statement (A.   Candolle 1873 , p.  321 and n.1). Candolle had stated that …
  • … factors was to bring out inherited traits (A.   Candolle 1873 , 1: 102–7). There are …
  • … several references in A.   Candolle 1873  to the importance of CD’s theories. The latter …
  • … to chapters 7, 6, and 8 of A.   Candolle 1873 (pp.  432–6, 427–31, 437–44, respectively). …
  • … and predisposition to certain diseases was discussed in A.   Candolle 1873 , pp.  428–9. …
  • … The seventh section of A.   Candolle 1873 (pp.  432–6) comprised a discussion of the …

From James Paget   [1872]

Summary

"I am at work on the nervous mimicry of organic disease: I have some hope that, during my work, I may fall on some facts which may be of interest to you, and you may be sure that I shall send them to you."

Author:  James Paget, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1872]
Classmark:  S. Paget ed. 1901, p. 408
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8130

Matches: 9 hits

  • … on the nervous mimicry of organic disease were published in the Lancet in 1873 ( J.   …
  • … Paget 1873 ). …
  • … Bibliography Paget, James. 1873. Clinical lectures on the nervous mimicry …
  • … of organic diseases. Lancet , 11 October 1873, pp. …
  • … 511–13; 18 October 1873, pp. …
  • … 547–9; 1 November 1873, pp. …
  • … 619–21; 22 November 1873, pp. …
  • … 727–9; 29 November 1873, pp. …
  • … 763–5; 13 December 1873, pp. 833–5. …

From W. W. Reade   12 September [1872]

Summary

Beginning work on his African travels [The African sketch-book (1873)].

Author:  William Winwood Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Sept [1872]
Classmark:  DAR 176: 63
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8519

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Beginning work on his African travels [ The African sketch-book (1873)]. …
  • … Trübner & Co. Reade, William Winwood. 1873. The African sketch-book. 2 vols. London: …
  • … Reade 1872 , which was published in April 1872, and Reade 1873 (see nn.  2 and 3, below). …
  • … refers to his African sketch-book ( Reade 1873 ). Martyrdom of man ( Reade 1872 ) was …

From J. T. Moggridge   6 October 1872

Summary

He will send his book [Harvesting ants and trap-door spiders (1873)]. Describes two new types of trap-door spider nests.

Author:  John Traherne Moggridge
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Oct 1872
Classmark:  DAR 171: 216
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8546

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Harvesting ants and trap-door spiders (1873)]. Describes two new types of trap-door spider …
  • … ants and trap-door spiders ( Moggridge 1873 ) is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia …
  • … T.  Moggridge, 22 June [1871] . In Moggridge 1873 , pp.   15–16, Moggridge named the three …
  • … of a species first identified by him, Nemesia eleanora (see Moggridge 1873 , pp.  109–10). …
  • … Publishing. 1990. Moggridge, John Traherne. 1873. Harvesting ants and trap-door spiders: …
  • … Pheidole megacephala . In Moggridge 1873 , p.  79 n. , Moggridge wrote, ‘This priority [of …
  • … The species descriptions in Moggridge 1873 , pp.  89–90, 92–4, 101–3, and 108–11, were …

To Wilhelm Spengel   27 November [1872 or 1873]

Summary

Thanks for WS’s updatings to his Darwinian bibliography and regrets he is a poor German scholar.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Wilhelm (Wilhelm) Spengel
Date:  27 Nov [1872-3]
Classmark:  Sächsische Landesbibliothek – Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek, Dresden (Mscr. Dresd. s 762)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8650F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To Wilhelm Spengel   27 November [1872 or 1873] …
  • … s 762) Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Nov 1872 27 Nov 1873 Johann Wilhelm (Wilhelm) Spengel …

From Hubert Airy   24 July 1872

Summary

Responds to CD’s comments on his MS on phyllotaxy.

The initial variation required by his theory would be a slight twist of the bud-axis; believes the frequent twisting of stems and branches renders such a variation possible.

Admits he placed too much emphasis on the importance of frost. He should have spoken more generally of "vicissitudes of climate".

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 July 1872
Classmark:  DAR 159: 20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8426

Matches: 5 hits

  • … angles to one another), which in turn produced whorled orders ( Airy 1873 , p.  179). …
  • … Bibliography Airy, Hubert. 1873. On leaf-arrangement. Abstract. …
  • … by Charles Darwin. [Read 27 February 1873. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London …
  • … also necessarily excluded others (see Airy 1873 , p.  178). See letter from Hubert Airy, …
  • … before 15] July 1872 . See also Airy 1873 , pp.  177–8. In his published paper, Airy …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   [after 8 June 1872]

Summary

In England to write a monograph on Anthracotherium.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 8 June 1872]
Classmark:  DAR 169: 55
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8388

Matches: 6 hits

  • … and ulna of the extinct ungulate Hyopotamus , see Kovalevsky 1873 , especially pp.   …
  • … 32–6, and Kovalevsky 1873–4 . Kovalevsky visited CD sometime before mid-July; although the …
  • … USSR. Kovalevsky, Vladimir Onufrievich. 1873–4. Monographie der Gattung Anthracotherium …
  • … Palaeontographica. Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte der Vorwelt 22 (1873–6): 131–347. …
  • … Kovalevsky, Vladimir Onufrievich. 1873. On the osteology of …
  • … the Hyopotamidae. [Read 6 February 1873]. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society …

To J. J. Moulinié   23 September 1872

Summary

States his reasons for authorising JJM to translate the Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jean Jacques Moulinié
Date:  23 Sept 1872
Classmark:  Moulinié trans. 1873, pp. ix–x
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8502

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Moulinié trans. 1873, pp. ix–x Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Sept 1872 Jean Jacques …
  • … vols.  10 and 17. Moulinié trans.  1873 was based on both the fifth and sixth editions of …
  • … version of the letter in Moulinié trans.  1873, pp.  ix–x. CD had written a similar letter …

From Raphael Meldola   21 January [1872]

Summary

Discusses his paper on mimicry and natural selection [Land and Water 9 (1871): 321]. Believes natural selection tends to fix mimetic characters rigidly.

Author:  Raphael Meldola
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Jan [1872]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 117
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8170

Matches: 5 hits

  • … In fact Meldola’s paper was not published until 1873, and then it was in the Proceedings …
  • … of the Zoological Society of London ( Meldola 1873 ). Henry Walter Bates and Alfred Russel …
  • … Cambridge University Press. 1985–. Meldola, Raphael. 1873. On a certain class of cases of …
  • … variable protective colouring in insects. [Read 4 February 1873. ] Proceedings …
  • … of the Zoological Society of London (1873): 153–62. ODNB : Oxford dictionary of national …

From W. W. Reade   5 November 1872

Summary

Observations on expression: women gnash teeth when sexually excited. W. Africans do not kiss.

Author:  William Winwood Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Nov 1872
Classmark:  DAR 176: 65
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8600

Matches: 7 hits

  • … on his African sketch-book ( Reade 1873 ). See Expression , p.  43. See Expression , p.   …
  • … Trübner & Co. Reade, William Winwood. 1873. The African sketch-book. 2 vols. London: …
  • … Expression in the Pall Mall Gazette , 23 April 1873, pp.  11–12, has not been identified. …
  • … Reade refers to Thomas Henry Huxley. In Reade 1873 , Reade did not discuss expression in …
  • … fear in one particular instance ( Reade 1873 , 2: 111). Polly, a rough-haired fox-terrier, …
  • … See Expression , p.  216, and Reade 1873 , 1: 41–3. Reade was cited for his information on …
  • … history’. African sketch-book ( Reade 1873 ). Expression was reviewed in the Daily News , …

From Hermann Müller   5 May 1872

Summary

Thanks CD for MS on the routes of male bees.

His "Fertilisation of flowers" is complete [Die Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)].

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 May 1872
Classmark:  DAR 171: 298
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8313

Matches: 3 hits

  • … bees. His "Fertilisation of flowers" is complete [ Die Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)]. …
  • … Garland Publishing. 1990. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten …
  • … and their mutual adaptation; H.  Müller 1873 ) was published by Wilhelm Engelmann. There …

To F. J. Furnivall   6 December [1872–3]

Summary

Formally declines the vice-presidency of a proposed society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frederick James Furnivall
Date:  6 Dec [1872-3]
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (FU 257)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8662

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 257) Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 December 1872 6 December 1873 Frederick James Furnivall …
  • … society was probably the New Shakspere Society, which he founded in 1873 ( ODNB ). …

From Hubert Airy   3 December 1872

Summary

Discusses works lent him by CD: Candolle, Kerner, Braun, Sachs, and CD’s own notes on relative positions of leaves. Plans paper on subject for Royal Society.

Just appointed medical inspector under local government board.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Dec 1872
Classmark:  DAR 159: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8657

Matches: 4 hits

  • … did manage to complete a short paper ( Airy 1873 ) that was communicated by CD to Royal …
  • … Society of London, and read on 27 February 1873 . …
  • … Bibliography Airy, Hubert. 1873. On leaf-arrangement. Abstract. …
  • … by Charles Darwin. [Read 27 February 1873. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London …

From Raphael Meldola   25 January 1872

Summary

Discusses the roles of natural and sexual selection in producing mimicry, and the problem of explaining the cause of the first mimetic variation; considers the ideas of A. R. Wallace and Fritz Müller on this problem.

Author:  Raphael Meldola
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Jan 1872
Classmark:  DAR 171: 118
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8180

Matches: 5 hits

  • … for the imitation of inanimate or vegetable structures ( Meldola 1873 , p.  154). …
  • … and n.  4. The published paper ( Meldola 1873 ) did not mention sexual selection. For CD’s …
  • … Cambridge University Press. 1985–. Meldola, Raphael. 1873. On a certain class of cases of …
  • … variable protective colouring in insects. [Read 4 February 1873. ] Proceedings …
  • … of the Zoological Society of London (1873): 153–62. Origin 5th ed. : On the origin of …

To Henri de Lacaze-Duthiers   11 December 1872

Summary

Thanks HdeL-D for his photograph and encloses one of himself.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Félix Joseph Henri de Lacaze-Duthiers
Date:  11 Dec 1872
Classmark:  Archives de l’Académie des sciences, Paris (27 J Fonds Lacaze-Duthiers)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8673

Matches: 3 hits

  • … There is a lightly annotated copy of Dumont 1873 in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. …
  • … in 1863. A review of Expression by Léon Dumont (Dumont 1873) was published in the …
  • … Revue scientifique in May 1873; Lacaze-Duthiers’s note may have given CD notice of this. …

To Ernst Haeckel   20 December 1872

Summary

Comments on EH’s forthcoming [Die Kalkschwämme (1872)].

Thinks EH is working much too hard.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  20 Dec 1872
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus (Bestand A-Abt. 1:1-52/28)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8688

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of Strauss 1872  is in the Darwin Library–Down. An English translation appeared in 1873 ( …
  • … Strauss 1873 ). …
  • … S. Hirzel. Strauss, David Friedrich. 1873. The old faith and the new: a confession. …

To ? [a bookseller?]   13 June [1872–4]

Summary

Asks recipient to send parcels to his brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin, at 6 Queen Anne Street, London, and not by post.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  13 June [1872-4]
Classmark:  Brandes Autographs (dealers) (January 2018)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8379F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 2018) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 June 1872 13 June 1873 13 June 1874 Unidentified …

From Raphael Meldola   12 March 1872

Summary

Wishes to use some of Fritz Müller’s observations in his paper on mimicry.

CD’s reply and Huxley’s article ["Mr Darwin’s critics", Contemp. Rev. 18 (1871): 443–76] have answered all of Mivart’s objections to natural selection as applied to man.

Author:  Raphael Meldola
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Mar 1872
Classmark:  DAR 171: 119
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8240

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Meldola, Raphael. 1873. On a certain class of cases of …
  • … not mention Müller in his paper ( Meldola 1873 ; see also letter from Raphael Meldola, 21  …
  • … did not mention these examples in Meldola 1873 . No published statement by Alfred Russel …
  • … variable protective colouring in insects. [Read 4 February 1873. ] Proceedings …
  • … of the Zoological Society of London (1873): 153–62. Origin 6th ed. : The origin of species …

From A. R. Wallace   15 November 1872

Summary

Appreciation [of Expression]. ARW will review it in Quarterly Journal of Science [n.s. 3 (1873): 113–18].

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Nov 1872
Classmark:  DAR 106: B115–16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8627

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Expression ]. ARW will review it in Quarterly Journal of Science [n.s. 3 (1873): 113–18]. …
  • … reviewed Expression in the January 1873 issue of the Quarterly Journal of Science . …
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Constantijn Costerus and his friend had written to Darwin in 1873, praising his works and describing …
  • … Letter to J. C. Costerus and N. D. Doedes, [22?] March 1873 ) The Dutch friends so …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Sunday afternoons, when they received visitors (23 March 1873; Emma described his visit in a letter …
  • … younger daughter, Bessy, did call on a Saturday in October 1873 but the Leweses were away. As a …
  • … this happened (Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [14 October 1873], DAR 258: 547b). Early the following …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …
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