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To J. D. Hooker   27 September 1873

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Summary

Had read Tyndall’s letter [Nature 8 (1873): 399] – awfully savage, but certainly a great mistake to print it.

Thinks JDH will think better of Clerk Maxwell’s paper after he reads it.

Asks whether JDH could find out for him the temperature of rain in very hot countries.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  27 Sept 1873
Classmark:  DAR 95: 280–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9074

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   27 September 1873
  • … DAR 95: 280–1 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Sept 1873 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Strachey, 25 August 1873 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 September [1873] ). …
  • … Had read Tyndall’s letter [ Nature 8 (1873): 399] – awfully savage, but certainly a great …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [23 September 1873] and n.  4. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [23 September 1873] . Hooker had been at the British Association for …
  • … meeting in Bradford. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 19 September [1873] . A letter from …
  • … had been published in Nature , 18 September 1873, p.  399; for Hooker’s opinion of it, see …
  • … or the full lecture in Nature , 25 September 1873, pp.  437–41. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [23 September 1873] and n.  15. …
  • … been reported in The Times , 20 September 1873, p.  10. CD was investigating whether the …
  • … of the water (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 19 August 1873 , letter from Richard …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [23 September 1873] and n.  6. …
  • … In Nature , 25 September 1873, p.  431, Tyndall retracted some of the statements he had …
  • … on molecules, see the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [23 September 1873] and n.  12. CD …
  • … may have read an account of Maxwell’s lecture in The Times , 24 September 1873, pp.  7–8, …

To J. D. Hooker   13 August 1873

Summary

Asks JDH why so many plants are protected by a thin layer of waxy matter or with fine hairs.

Wrote to John Smith for a plant of Oxalis sensitiva, but it has not acted well.

Rejoices over Ayrton’s retirement. Hopes W. P. Adam, his successor, is a good sort of man.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  13 Aug 1873
Classmark:  DAR 94: 270–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9007

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   13 August 1873
  • … ODNB ). William Patrick Adam was sworn into office on 11  August 1873 ( London Gazette , …
  • … 12 August 1873, p.  3769). …
  • … DAR 94: 270–1 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 13 Aug 1873 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Strachey and Hooker visited Down on 23 August 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Darwin in Southampton from 9 to 21 August 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). CD had …
  • … by water in his letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 10 August [1873] (see also letters from T.   …
  • … H.  Farrer, 12 August 1873  and …
  • … 12 August [1873] ). John Smith was curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. CD’s letter …
  • … umbraculum ) were sent to CD on 16 August 1873 (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Outwards …
  • … of works from late 1869 until August 1873 ( ODNB ). While he held the position he became …
  • … Kew (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  6). Ayrton did not retire but …
  • … Bassett | Southampton Aug 13. 1873 My dear Hooker We return home on Thursday the 21 st & I …

To J. D. Hooker   27 January [1873]

Summary

Drosophyllum arrived; none of his observations turned out as he expected, but nevertheless he understands its habits better than he did. The secreting hairs that he observed may be explained as a mere chemical reaction.

Comments on various articles he has read.

Asks for Thiselton-Dyer’s notes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  27 Jan [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 253–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8185

Matches: 18 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   27 January [1873] …
  • … DAR 94: 253–6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Jan [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … D.  Hooker, 20 January 1873  and n.  2. Hooker had been invited to stand for election as …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 January 1873 . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  3, and letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873  and [13  …
  • … or 20 January 1873] . Drosophyllum is an insectivorous plant; CD wanted to use it in …
  • … is an annotated copy of Moggridge 1873  in the Darwin Library–CUL ( Marginalia 1: 589). …
  • … See letter to M.  D.  Conway, 11 January [1873] . Moncure Daniel Conway arrived at Down on …
  • … from Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, 28 [January 1873], DAR 258: 572). See letter from J.   …
  • … Publishing. 1990. Moggridge, John Traherne. 1873. Harvesting ants and trap-door spiders: …
  • … Naturelles. Botanique 5th ser. 15 (1872): 277–351; 17 (1873): 5–44; 18 (1874): 23–146. …
  • … White, Francis Buchanan. 1873. The influence of insect-agency on the distribution of …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January 1873 . See Insectivorous plants , pp.  284, 360. …
  • … it in Movement in plants. F.  B.  White 1873 . For CD’s observations on apparent powers of …
  • … see the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5  January [1873] . CD had experimented with carbonate of …
  • … Dyer ( letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873 ). CD published his observations in …
  • … Pamphlet Collection–CUL. CD refers to John Traherne Moggridge and Moggridge 1873 . There …

To J. D. Hooker   20 December [1873]

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Summary

His indignation at the malignant, odious, hypocrite Owen’s attack on JDH. History of Secretaryship [of Royal Society in Nature 9 (1873): 129–30] was best answer to Owen.

Is hard at work on new edition of Descent – a truly awful job.

No use going on with experiments on effects of water on bloom-divested leaves. May have erred. Or it may be that water is only injurious when there is a good supply of actinic rays. Will wait until spring.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 Dec [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 308–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9187

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   20 December [1873] …
  • … DAR 95: 308–9 Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Dec [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … and some species of Eucalyptus (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 [November 1873] ). …
  • … vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Owen, Richard. 1873. [Address to the fellows of the Royal …
  • … of Secretaryship [of Royal Society in Nature 9 (1873): 129–30] was best answer to Owen. Is …
  • … presidents, and payment of secretaries ( Owen 1873 ), delivered at the anniversary meeting …
  • … see letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 3 December 1873  and n.  2). Thomas Henry Huxley had been …
  • … plants (see, for example, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 August 1873 , and letter from W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [22 August 1873] and nn.  2 and 3). …
  • … now Biophytum umbraculum ) from Kew in August 1873 ( Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Outwards …
  • … meeting of the Royal Society (see letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 3 December 1873  and n.  3). …
  • … An article in Nature , 18 December 1873, pp.  129–30, reproduced extracts from the Minutes …
  • … motion that secretaries should be paid £50 annually ( Nature , 18 December 1873, p.  129). …
  • … the second edition of Descent on 20 November 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Since the …

To J. D. Hooker   19 September [1873]

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Summary

Obliged for information on Mimosa albida; if a vigorous plant behaves as JDH says, CD’s notions are all knocked on the head.

Anxious to read Tyndall’s answer to Tait [Nature 8 (1873): 399].

Drosera story too long for his strength. Essentially the leaves act just like stomach of an animal.

Burdon Sanderson will give some grand facts at BAAS about Dionaea.

Offers to help JDH with Nepenthes experiments. Finds experimental work always takes twice as much time as anticipated.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  19 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 277–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9059

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   19 September [1873] …
  • … DAR 95: 277–9 Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Sept [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 August [1873] ); they arrived on 23 August (Emma Darwin’s …
  • … from a serious illness (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September 1873  and n.  5). …
  • … to read Tyndall’s answer to Tait [ Nature 8 (1873): 399]. Drosera story too long for his …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September 1873 . Hooker had asked CD for Charles Eliot …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September 1873  and n.  9). The Nortons lived at Shady …
  • … see letter to Francis Darwin, 15 August [1873] and n.  10). Hooker had informed him that …
  • … letter to E.  A.  Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). CD had invited Hooker and Richard Strachey …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September 1873 ). For the dispute between John Tyndall and …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September 1873  and n.  4. CD had described the digestion …
  • … sundew) in the letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 27 August 1873 . John Scott Burdon …
  • … Sanderson visited CD at Down on 4 July 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). He presented …
  • … at Bradford from 17 to 24 September 1873. Hooker intended to experiment on Nepenthes , the …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September 1873  and n.  8, and J.  D.  Hooker 1874a). …

To J. D. Hooker   12 January [1873]

Summary

Had thrown Geographical Society’s Proceedings in waste-basket, but as Strachey shows such admirable powers of discrimination he will fish it out and read the whole article.

Comments on 3d ed. of Sachs’s work [Lehrbuch der Botanik (1873)]. Wishes he were more controversial.

Has become wonderfully interested in Drosera and Dionaea.

9000 copies of Expression have been printed and most are sold.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 Jan [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 251–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8733

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   12 January [1873] …
  • … DAR 94: 251–2 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Jan [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … ed. of Sachs’s work [ Lehrbuch der Botanik (1873)]. Wishes he were more controversial. Has …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873  and n.  9. CD refers to William Ewart Gladstone. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873  and n.  7. CD refers to Richard …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  3. Orpington Station was the …
  • … the part of Hooker’s letter of 7 January 1873  where he mentioned that William Turner …
  • … Dyer was translating Julius Sach’s Lehrbuch der Botanik (Sachs 1873). See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873  and n.  2. CD’ …
  • … of Sach’s Lehrbuch der Botanik (Sachs 1873) is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia …
  • … did refer to Bert’s publication in Sachs 1873, p.  786 n.  2. For CD’s disagreement with …
  • … plants , pp.  256–7. Sachs referred to Cohn 1860  in Sachs 1873, p.  789 n.  4. …

To J. D. Hooker   9 January 1873

Summary

Explains why he wants Drosophyllum.

Hopes JDH will be elected President of Royal Society.

Agrees with JDH on Greg’s Enigmas.

Would like Greg to visit Down if JDH comes as CD’s "protector".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 94: 248–50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8729

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   9 January 1873
  • … DAR 94: 248–50 Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Jan 1873 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Greg’s visiting Down; Hooker visited on 19 April 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). See …
  • … Insectivorous plants , p.  50. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873  and n.  26. …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  3, and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873 . CD worked on barnacles between 1846 and 1854. See …
  • … Down,| Beckenham, Kent. Jan 9. 1873 My dear Hooker, First for business. — It w d .  be an …
  • … Schacht, also a botanist) in Hooker’s letter of 7 January 1873 . CD’s annotated copy of …
  • … of Sach’s Lehrbuch der Botanik (Sachs 1873) is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873  and n.  15). CD alludes to Hooker’s disputes …
  • … national herbarium (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  6, and letter …
  • … from J.  D Hooker, 7 January 1873 and n.  8). CD had enjoyed apparently cordial relations …

To J. D. Hooker   3 November [1873]

Summary

Discusses experiments and observations on pitchers [of Nepenthes]. Suggests procedures for JDH to follow.

Any plant of any family with a terminal or with any lateral leaflets greatly reduced would be interesting to CD for studying spontaneous movements.

Has not received Eucalyptus or Acacia plants from Rollisson.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 Nov [1873]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Garden Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873–8 ff. 2–3 and 39a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9130

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   3 November [1873] …
  • … Correspondence vol. 21, enclosure to letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [1 November 1873] . …
  • … Royal Botanic Garden Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873–8 ff. 2– …
  • … 3 and 39a) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Nov [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [1 November 1873] . Hooker was trying to repeat experiments on …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [1 November 1873] ). CD’s work on Drosera was not published …
  • … see Correspondence vol. 21, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 October [1873] ). CD had …
  • … begun to consult Andrew Clark earlier in 1873 (see Correspondence vol. …
  • … 21, letter to Charles Lyell, 24 September 1873 ). For the list of species names, see …
  • … vol. 21, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] . See Correspondence vol. 21, letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [1 November 1873] and nn.  3 and 4. CD wished to observe leaf …

To J. D. Hooker   31 July [1873]

Summary

Has three common garden plants of which he needs to know correct names; will send specimens as soon as he hears JDH is back.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  31 July [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 267
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8991

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   31 July [1873] …
  • … DAR 94: 267 Charles Robert Darwin Down 31 July [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 August 1873 . Hooker accompanied Thomas Henry Huxley on …
  • … a recuperative visit to France from 2 July to 2 August 1873 (see letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 30 June 1873 and …
  • … 3 August 1873 ). The plants have not been identified but …
  • … were probably named by Hooker when he visited Down on 23 August 1873 (see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 August [1873] , and Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …

To J. D. Hooker   31 October 1873

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Summary

On Nepenthes.

Asks JDH, if he publishes, to mention CD’s work on digestive powers of Drosera so that charges of plagiarism will not be made against CD later when he publishes.

Describes at length his observations on the movements of Desmodium.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  31 Oct 1873
Classmark:  DAR 95: 300–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9118

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   31 October 1873
  • … DAR 95: 300–3 Charles Robert Darwin Down 31 Oct 1873 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 23 October [1873] . CD later discussed Lathyrus nissolia ( …
  • … plants , pp.  33–4. Francis had visited Kew on Sunday 26 October 1873 (see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) …
  • … Down Oct 31 1873 My dear Hooker I will now answer the rest of yr letter; but first, I …
  • … In his letter of 29 October 1873 , Hooker had offered to send an Acacia farnesiana (now …
  • … organs, in his letter of 29 October 1873 (see also J.  D.  Hooker 1874, p.  112). ‘ …
  • … London ( letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 October 1873 ). CD had asked Francis Darwin to buy …
  • … and learn to use an immersion lens ( letter to Francis Darwin, 10 October 1873 ). CD was …
  • … in London from 8 to 18 November 1873 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). CD later discussed …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 October 1873  and n.  7. CD later described the digestive …

To J. D. Hooker   28 June 1873

Summary

Thanks for Dionaea.

George Bentham’s last Linnean Society [Presidential] Address [Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (1873): viii–xxix]. Admires it greatly.

CD’s recent work leads him to a different theory [from GB’s] on the separation of the sexes of plants.

Huxley has been at Down working with CD on Drosera – very helpful.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 94: 263–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8956

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   28 June 1873
  • … DAR 94: 263–4 Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 June 1873 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … s work on Drosera (sundew), see the letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 26 June [1873] . …
  • … Presidential] Address [ Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (1873): viii–xxix]. Admires it greatly. CD’ …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. June 28. 1873 My dear Hooker I write a line to wish you Goodbye, …
  • … Dionaea muscipula (Venus fly trap) on 9 June 1873; he had sent four specimens of the plant …
  • … For CD’s interest in Dionaea , see the letter from Mary Treat, 1 January 1873 and n.  5. …
  • … John Murray. 1876. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten und …
  • … flowers by means of insects; H.  Müller 1873 ) in his address (Bentham 1873b, pp.  xxiv– …
  • … Linnean Society was given on 24  May 1873. Bentham described CD as one of the leading ‘ …

To J. D. Hooker   21 February [1873]

Summary

Will see whether formic acid delays germination of fresh seeds.

Thinks primer not at all a folly. Refers JDH to Asa Gray’s "child’s book" [see 8363].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 Feb [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 259–60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8779

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   21 February [1873] …
  • … DAR 94: 259–60 Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Feb [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Bibliography White, Francis Buchanan. 1873. The influence of insect-agency on the …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 20 February 1873  and n.  4. CD refers to Botany for young people part II: …
  • … White’s article focused on moths as agents of fertilisation ( F.  B.  White 1873 ). …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 February 1873 . CD and Hooker were both intrigued by John …
  • … nests did not germinate (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 February 1873  and n.  3). CD …
  • … London, from 15 March until 10 April 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). See letter from …

To J. D. Hooker   12 September [1873]

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Summary

Thanks JDH and Thiselton-Dyer for useful information.

Is surprised Mimosa albida is not sensitive to water. Asks that they try again, or lend it to him.

Remembers a walk in Brazil in great bed of Mimosa.

After JDH left, CD was very bad, with much loss of memory and severe shocks continually passing through his brain.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 274–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9052

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   12 September [1873] …
  • … DAR 95: 274–6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Sept [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 30 August 1873  and n.  6. The marjoram was one of three …
  • … had identified (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 30 August 1873  and n.  1). See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 30 August 1873 . CD was carrying out a series of experiments …
  • … see letter to Francis Darwin, 15 August [1873] and n.  10). Orpington Station was the …
  • … railway station to Down. Hooker had visited Down on 23 August 1873, and CD had fallen …
  • … ill on 26 August 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). See letter to J.   …
  • … S.  Burdon Sanderson, 27 August 1873  and n.  3. Charles Paget Hooker’s note, forwarded by …

To J. D. Hooker   4 August [1873]

Summary

Starts tomorrow for visit to Farrer and Effie [Euphemia Farrer, daughter of Hensleigh Wedgwood]. Has not done such a feat [i.e., staying as a guest of someone outside the immediate family?] for 25 years.

Has been half killing himself with Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Aug [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 268–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9000

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   4 August [1873] …
  • … DAR 94: 268–9 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Aug [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 August 1873  and n.  1). CD had resumed his experiments …
  • … from mid-June (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II) and letter to J.  V.  Carus, 2 August [1873] ). …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 August 1873 . CD visited Thomas Henry …
  • … Euphemia (Effie) Farrer from 5 to 9 August 1873; he visited William Erasmus Darwin from 9  …
  • … Strachey and Hooker visited Down on 23 August 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Hooker …

To J. D. Hooker   19 August 1873

Summary

Asks JDH to inquire of gardeners at Kew what they think about injury to plants from watering during sunshine. Wishes to experiment. He is already convinced that drops of water do not act as burning lenses.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  19 Aug 1873
Classmark:  DAR 94: 272–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9017

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   19 August 1873
  • … 94: 272–3 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett Down letterhead 19 Aug 1873 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … For George Payne’s observations, see the letters from T.  H.  Farrer, 12 August 1873  and …
  • … 12 August [1873] . …
  • … Hooker visited Down on 23 August 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Kent. [Bassett, Southampton. ] Aug 19 th 1873 My dear Hooker The next time you walk round …

To J. D. Hooker   6 November 1873

Summary

Is coming to stay in London and wants to arrange a visit to Kew to talk with JDH, see the Eucalypti, and observe Mimosa albida.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 Nov 1873
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Garden Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873–8 f.4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9135

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   6 November 1873
  • … Royal Botanic Garden Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873–8 f.4) Charles Robert …
  • … Darwin Down 6 Nov 1873 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … vol. 21, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1873] and n.  5, and Movement in plants . …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Nov.  6 1873 My dear Hooker We go to London tomorrow morning to “ …
  • … Buckley Litchfield, from 8 to 18 November 1873 (see Correspondence vol. 21, Appendix II). …

To J. D. Hooker   23 October [1873]

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Summary

Neptunia is evidently a hopeless case.

Good news that fluid of Nepenthes is acid.

No discovery ever gave him more pleasure than proving a true act of digestion in Drosera.

Has become profoundly interested in Desmodium. Asks whether Frank [Darwin] can look over the whole dried collection of the genus.

Has JDH any seed of Lathyrus nissolia?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 Oct [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 282–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9108

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   23 October [1873] …
  • … DAR 95: 282–3 Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Oct [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … the letter to Francis Darwin, 22 October 1873 . Hooker was working on insectivorous plants …
  • … sundew or dewy pine; letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 October 1873  and nn.  1 and 3). See …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 October 1873 . CD discussed Neptunia oleracea (the …
  • … on Desmodium in Movement in plants. See letters to Francis Darwin, 22 October 1873  and …
  • … 23 October [1873] . CD also refers to Leonard Darwin and William Huggins. Desmodium gyrans …
  • … the grass vetchling), see the letter to Francis Darwin, 23 October [1873] and n.  2. …

To J. D. Hooker   17 February 1873

Summary

Is drawing up the account of his crossing experiments. Requests JDH to add the families after nine genera, the names of which he encloses. Whenever there is no objection he would like to arrange the families in some sort of natural order.

Recommends Spalding’s article on instinct in Macmillan’s Magazine [27 (1873): 265–81].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Feb 1873
Classmark:  DAR 94: 257–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8769

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   17 February 1873
  • … DAR 94: 257–8 Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Feb 1873 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … the article in his letter to Nature , [before 13 February 1873]. …
  • … Recommends Spalding’s article on instinct in Macmillan’s Magazine [27 (1873): 265–81]. …
  • … system of botany (Le Maout and Decaisne 1873, pp.  995–1023). Douglas Alexander Spalding’s …
  • … appeared in Macmillan’s Magazine , February 1873 (Spalding 1873b). CD had mentioned …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Feb 17— 1873 My dear Hooker I am drawing up an acct of my …

To J. D. Hooker   [before 20 October 1873?]

Summary

Lists plants in which he is interested, including Neptunia and Mimosa species.

Do any strictly tropical plants have glaucous leaves?

Asks for observations on irritable plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [before 20 Oct 1873?]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873-8 f.39b)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9107

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [before 20 October 1873? ] …
  • … Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873-8 f.39b) Charles Robert …
  • … Darwin unstated [before 20 Oct 1873? ] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 August 1873 ). Rubus is a genus in the family Rosaceae (roses) …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 October 1873 . CD discussed Neptunia oleracea (sensitive …
  • … 21, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 September [1873] ). CD discussed the species in Movement in …
  • … nilotica ). In his letter of 14 August 1873 ( Correspondence vol. 21), Hooker noted that …

To J. D. Hooker   24 November 1873

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Summary

Has been working hard on Mimosa albida. Could JDH ever make its opposite leaflets shut up close, as in sleep, when he irritated them? CD doubts they do, except in sleep. Thinks movement a protection against water.

Has examined only one specimen of Eucalyptus.

Cannot believe JDH’s results from cutting a hole in pitcher in his Nepenthes experiment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24 Nov 1873
Classmark:  DAR 95: 306–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9158

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   24 November 1873
  • … DAR 95: 306–7 Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 Nov 1873 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Hooker, [8 November 1872] and 17 [November 1873] ). CD remarked on the insensitivity of …
  • … letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 10 August [1873] ). He did not include any of these observations …
  • … from Hooker (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [9 November 1873] , and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 17 [November 1873] ). CD described the movements of the stem of a young …
  • … the digestive properties of Nepenthes (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1873] ). …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Nov.  24 1873. My dear Hooker I have been greatly interested by …
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Constantijn Costerus and his friend had written to Darwin in 1873, praising his works and describing …
  • … Letter to J. C. Costerus and N. D. Doedes, [22?] March 1873 ) The Dutch friends so …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin's bad days

Summary

Despite being a prolific worker who had many successes with his scientific theorising and experimenting, even Darwin had some bad days. These times when nothing appeared to be going right are well illustrated by the following quotations from his letters:

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Despite being a prolific worker who had many successes with his scientific theorising and …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Sunday afternoons, when they received visitors (23 March 1873; Emma described his visit in a letter …
  • … younger daughter, Bessy, did call on a Saturday in October 1873 but the Leweses were away. As a …
  • … this happened (Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [14 October 1873], DAR 258: 547b). Early the following …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …
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