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To W. B. Tegetmeier   11 May [1856]

Summary

Thanks WBT for help with pigeons and poultry.

Will probably be away at the time of Anerley show.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  11 May [1856]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Tegetmeier, W. B. ser.2: 20)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1873

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DCP-LETT-1873

Paget, James. 1873. Clinical lectures on the nervous mimicry of organic diseases. Lancet, 11 October 1873, pp. 511–13; 18 October 1873, pp. 547–9; 1 November 1873, pp. 619–21; 22 November 1873, pp. 727–9; 29 November 1873, pp. 763–5; 13 December 1873, pp. 833–5.

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Paget, James. 1873. Clinical lectures on the nervous mimicry …
  • … of organic diseases. Lancet , 11 October 1873, pp. …
  • … 511–13; 18 October 1873, pp. …
  • … 547–9; 1 November 1873, pp. …
  • … 619–21; 22 November 1873, pp. …
  • … 727–9; 29 November 1873, pp. …
  • … 763–5; 13 December 1873, pp. 833–5. Online (via Newton) 20 …

To J. D. Hooker   27 September 1873

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Summary

Had read Tyndall’s letter [Nature 8 (1873): 399] – awfully savage, but certainly a great mistake to print it.

Thinks JDH will think better of Clerk Maxwell’s paper after he reads it.

Asks whether JDH could find out for him the temperature of rain in very hot countries.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  27 Sept 1873
Classmark:  DAR 95: 280–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9074

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   27 September 1873
  • … DAR 95: 280–1 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Sept 1873 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Strachey, 25 August 1873 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 September [1873] ). …
  • … Had read Tyndall’s letter [ Nature 8 (1873): 399] – awfully savage, but certainly a great …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [23 September 1873] and n.  4. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [23 September 1873] . Hooker had been at the British Association for …
  • … meeting in Bradford. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 19 September [1873] . A letter from …
  • … had been published in Nature , 18 September 1873, p.  399; for Hooker’s opinion of it, see …
  • … or the full lecture in Nature , 25 September 1873, pp.  437–41. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [23 September 1873] and n.  15. …
  • … been reported in The Times , 20 September 1873, p.  10. CD was investigating whether the …
  • … of the water (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 19 August 1873 , letter from Richard …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [23 September 1873] and n.  6. …
  • … In Nature , 25 September 1873, p.  431, Tyndall retracted some of the statements he had …
  • … on molecules, see the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [23 September 1873] and n.  12. CD …
  • … may have read an account of Maxwell’s lecture in The Times , 24 September 1873, pp.  7–8, …

From T. H. Farrer   3 May 1873

Summary

Hopes affairs will enable him to get back to flowers.

Huxley’s letter [about the fund raised for him] was noble. Would like to have seen CD’s to him.

Author:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 164: 74
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8896

Matches: 8 hits

  • … H.  Huxley, 24 April  1873 . …
  • … From T.  H.  Farrer   3 May 1873
  • … Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer London, Gloucester Terrace, 3 3 May 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten und die …
  • … s Die Befruchtung der Blumen ( H.  Müller 1873 ), on the fertilisation of flowers by means …
  • … of insects (see letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 28 April 1873 ). Farrer probably refers to …
  • … to Katherine Euphemia Wedgwood on 30 May 1873 (see B.  Wedgwood and Wedgwood 1980 , p.   …
  • … 303). See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 23 April 1873 , and letter from T.   …

To J. D. Hooker   13 August 1873

Summary

Asks JDH why so many plants are protected by a thin layer of waxy matter or with fine hairs.

Wrote to John Smith for a plant of Oxalis sensitiva, but it has not acted well.

Rejoices over Ayrton’s retirement. Hopes W. P. Adam, his successor, is a good sort of man.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  13 Aug 1873
Classmark:  DAR 94: 270–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9007

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   13 August 1873
  • … ODNB ). William Patrick Adam was sworn into office on 11  August 1873 ( London Gazette , …
  • … 12 August 1873, p.  3769). …
  • … DAR 94: 270–1 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 13 Aug 1873 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Strachey and Hooker visited Down on 23 August 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Darwin in Southampton from 9 to 21 August 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). CD had …
  • … by water in his letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 10 August [1873] (see also letters from T.   …
  • … H.  Farrer, 12 August 1873 and …
  • … 12 August [1873]). John Smith was curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. CD’s letter …
  • … umbraculum ) were sent to CD on 16 August 1873 (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Outwards …
  • … of works from late 1869 until August 1873 ( ODNB ). While he held the position he became …
  • … Kew (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  6). Ayrton did not retire but …
  • … Bassett | Southampton Aug 13. 1873 My dear Hooker We return home on Thursday the 21 st & I …

From J. D. Hooker   [23 September 1873]

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Summary

Thanks for C. E. Norton’s address.

Tyndall’s answer [Nature 8 (1873): 399] has surprised and disappointed him;

great trouble in announcing Tyndall’s election as President Elect [of BAAS] yesterday. Tyndall may throw up the Presidency. Spottiswoode and JDH have concocted a letter telling him the facts.

A very poor dull meeting. Comments on papers by W. C. Williamson, Clerk Maxwell, David Ferrier, Burdon Sanderson [Rep. BAAS 43: lxx–xci, 23–32,126–7, 131–3].

Has heard Huxley is back quite well.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [23 Sept 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 173–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9063

Matches: 22 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [23 September 1873] …
  • … DAR 103: 173–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker BAAS, Bradford [23 Sept 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Association for the Advancement of Science (1873), Transactions of the sections, p.  167). …
  • … s address. Tyndall’s answer [ Nature 8 (1873): 399] has surprised and disappointed him; …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 19 September [1873] , and from Hooker’s reference to the date of …
  • … meeting in Bradford (see n.  12, below). In 1873, the first Tuesday after 19 September was …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 19 September [1873] and n.  2). CD was still recovering from …
  • … see letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 23 April 1873 ). William Sharpey. Strachey referred to …
  • … Darwin to Horace Darwin, [7 October 1873] (DAR 258: 561)). CD had asked Hooker for a plant …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 19 September [1873] ); Mimosa sensitiva was not cultivated at …
  • … sent from Brazil (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September  1873 ). John Tyndall had …
  • … an intemperate letter in Nature , 18 September 1873, p.  399, in response to Peter Guthrie …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September 1873  and n.  4). Tyndall did not mention Hooker …
  • … at Queen’s College, Belfast, as president. See The Times , 23 September 1873, p.   …
  • … 5, and 27 September 1873, p.  12. Tyndall did serve as president of the 1874 meeting held …
  • … for the Advancement of Science (1873), p.  lxx). Williamson’s address considered the …
  • … was also printed in The Times , 18 September 1873, p.  5. William Crawford Williamson had …
  • … Association for the Advancement of Science (1873), p.  lxix). James Clerk Maxwell had …
  • … Association for the Advancement of Science (1873), p.  lxix). David Ferrier had given a …
  • … Association for the Advancement of Science (1873): Transactions of the sections, pp.  126– …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 19 September [1873] and n.  5). George James Allman gave an …
  • … Association for the Advancement of Science (1873), Transactions of the sections, pp.  94– …

To Matthew Arnold   9 February [1873]

Summary

Thanks MA for his Literature and dogma [1873].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Matthew Arnold
Date:  9 Feb [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 221.5: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8762

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Matthew Arnold   9 February [1873] …
  • … Thanks MA for his Literature and dogma [1873]. …
  • … DAR 221.5: 1 Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Feb [1873] Matthew Arnold …
  • … Bibliography Arnold, Matthew. 1873. Literature & dogma: an essay towards a better …
  • … The year is established by the reference to Arnold 1873 (see letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, [8 February 1873] and n.  2). See letter …
  • … from T.  H.  Huxley, [8 February 1873] and n.  2. See letter …
  • … from T.  H.  Huxley, [8 February 1873] . …

From T. H. Huxley   26 April 1873

Summary

Concern for Lady Lyell;

will clear away work and set off for holiday in June.

Sends Critiques and addresses.

A life of J. D. Forbes [by J. C. Shairp, P. J. Tait, and A. A. Reilly (1873)] suggests that THH and Tyndall conspired to keep JDF from getting the Copley Medal. THH feels obliged to correct this.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 104: 223–24a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8882

Matches: 20 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   26 April 1873
  • … 223–24a Thomas Henry Huxley London, Marlborough Place, 4 26 Apr 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … C. Shairp, P. J. Tait, and A. A. Reilly (1873)] suggests that THH and Tyndall conspired to …
  • … In his letter to Huxley of 25 April 1873, CD had referred only to the ‘dreadful news about …
  • … Lady Lyell’. Mary Elizabeth Lyell had died on 24 April 1873 (see letter from E.  A.   …
  • … Darwin to Emma Darwin, 24 April [1873] ). Katherine Murray Lyell was M.  E.  Lyell’s …
  • … al. eds.  1873, p.  387. For more on Huxley’s role in lobbying the Council of the Royal …
  • … and Technology. Huxley, Thomas Henry. 1873. Critiques and addresses. London: Macmillan. …
  • … 4 Marlborough Place April 26 th . 1873 My dear Darwin We are greatly alarmed at your …
  • … CD had enclosed a cheque for £50 with his letter of 25 April 1873. See letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 25 April 1873 , and letter to subscribers to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley’s gift, [25 April 1873] , n.  4. Huxley was professor of natural history at the …
  • … ODNB ). CD’s annotated copy of T.  H.  Huxley 1873  is in the Darwin Library–CUL.   …
  • … of previously published essays, was published in May 1873 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 16 May 1873, p.  338). Huxley’s critique of St George Jackson Mivart in ‘Mr Darwin’s …
  • … of his new collection ( T.  H.  Huxley 1873 , pp.  ix–xi). The Life and letters of James …
  • … David Forbes, F.R.S. (Shairp et al. eds.  1873) was published …
  • … on 17 April 1873 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 17 April 1873, p.  266). In 1857 and 1858, Forbes and John Tyndall had been involved in a …
  • … and Tyndall’s response to Shairp et al. eds.  1873, see Rowlinson 1971 . See Shairp et …

To T. H. Farrer   1 December [1873]

Summary

Suggests a reference to Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 1 Dec 1873, p. 497, when THF takes up Coronilla.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  1 Dec [1873]
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (LS Ms 299/17a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9166

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Farrer   1 December [1873] …
  • … Ms 299/17a) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Dec [1873] Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer …
  • … Annals and Magazine of Natural History , 1 Dec 1873, p. 497, when THF takes up Coronilla . …
  • … in Annals & Mag.  of Nat. Hist. December 1 1873.  p.  497. C.  Darwin Down | Dec.  1 st . …
  • … Bibliography Gentry, Thomas George. 1873. [Report on fertilization of …
  • … Pedicularis canadensis . ] [Read 10 June 1873. ] Proceedings of the Academy of Natural …
  • … Sciences of Philadelphia 25: 287–90. Meehan, Thomas. 1873. Fertilization of Pedicularis …
  • … canadensis. [Read 3 June 1873. ] Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of …
  • … made self-fertilisation impossible in Meehan 1873 ; his paper was summarised in Annals and …
  • … of Natural History 4th ser.  12 (1873): 497–8. In the Annals , Meehan’s observations were …
  • … terrestris and described the process of pollen transfer (see also Gentry 1873 ). Farrer …
  • … and CD had corresponded in August 1873 on the floral morphology of Coronilla (see, for …
  • … example, letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). …

To T. H. Huxley   28 April 1873

Summary

Lady Lyell’s death.

Sends names of donors of gift to THH.

The Edinburgh Review has a critical article against CD, THH, Tyndall, and H. Spencer [see 8935]. Thinks Forbes reference not worth answering.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  28 Apr 1873
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 299)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8887

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   28 April 1873
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 299) Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 Apr 1873 Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … Bibliography [Baynes, Thomas Spencer. ] 1873. [Review of Expression . ] Edinburgh Review …
  • … 137: 492–528. Huxley, Thomas Henry. 1873. Critiques and addresses. London: Macmillan. …
  • … letter to subscribers to T.  H.  Huxley’s gift, [25 April 1873] , n.  4, and Appendix IV). …
  • … See letter from Herbert Spencer, 26 April 1873 . Andrew Clark was Huxley’s physician. CD …
  • … and Michael Foster. See letter from Herbert Spencer, 26 April 1873  and n.  2. See letter …
  • … See letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] and n.  3. CD refers to St George Jackson …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 26 April 1873  and nn.  8 and 9. James David Forbes had …
  • … s Copley Medal. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 25 April 1873 . Ellen Frances Lubbock. …
  • … from T.  H.  Huxley, 26  April 1873  and n.  1. CD refers to Mary Elizabeth and Charles …
  • … Lyell. See letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 26 April 1873  and nn.  5 and 6. The book was …
  • … Huxley’s Critiques and addresses ( T.  H.  Huxley 1873 ). …
  • … CD refers to [Baynes] 1873  and to James Hutchison Stirling, John Tyndall, and Herbert …
  • … Spencer. See letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] and nn.  2  and 3. …

From W. F. Barrett   6 May 1873

Summary

Because of current interest in hereditary instinct, relates incident about a baby alligator, just emerged from its shell, attempting to bite a human.

Author:  William Fletcher Barrett
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 160: 46
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8902

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From W.  F.  Barrett   6 May 1873
  • … DAR 160: 46 William Fletcher Barrett Isleworth 6 May 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Letters and articles on instinct had been published in Nature , 20 February 1873, p.   …
  • … 303; 27 February 1873, pp.   …
  • … 322–3; 6 March 1873, p.   …
  • … 340; 13 March 1873, pp.   …
  • … 360–1; 20 March 1873, pp.   …
  • … 377–8, 384; 3 April 1873, pp.   …
  • … 424–5; 10 April 1873, pp.   …
  • … 437–8, 443–4; 1 May 1873, p.  6. The discussion had …
  • … to the editor on inherited instinct, published in Nature , 13 February 1873, pp.  281– …
  • … Woodlands | Isleworth May 6. 1873 Dear Sir, So many letters have lately appeared in “ …
  • … 2 (see letter to Nature , [before 13 February 1873]). CD also intervened during the course …
  • … of the debate (see first letter to Nature , [before 3 April 1873], and Nature , …
  • … 3 April 1873, pp.  417–18). Barrett’s father, William Garland Barrett, had been a …

From Hubert Airy   21 January 1873

Summary

Has sent phyllotaxy paper to G. G. Stokes with the letter from CD to show credentials.

Will not have time to read new Sachs edition CD offered.

Thanks for CD’s sponsorship of paper [Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 21 (1873): 176–9].

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 159: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8745

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From Hubert Airy   21 January 1873
  • … DAR 159: 25 Hubert Airy London, Dacre Park, 27 21 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … CD offered. Thanks for CD’s sponsorship of paper [ Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 21 (1873): 176–9]. …
  • … Bibliography Airy, Hubert. 1873. On leaf-arrangement. Abstract. …
  • … by Charles Darwin. [Read 27 February 1873. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London …
  • … 27. Dacre Park. Lee. | London S.E. 1873. Jan.  21. My dear M r . Darwin I trust I am not …
  • … Airy, [before 15] July 1872 , and Airy 1873 , pp.  177–8. CD’s letter to Airy has not been …
  • … of the new edition of Julius Sach’s Lehrbuch der Botanik (Sachs 1873; see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9 January 1873  and n.  7). …
  • … See letter from Hubert Airy, 3 January 1873 . Airy’s paper ‘On leaf arrangement’, …
  • … communicated by CD, was read at the Royal Society of London on 27 February 1873 ( …
  • … Airy 1873 ). George Gabriel Stokes was the secretary of the Royal Society. …
  • … with CD’s letter of [before 21 January 1873] copied on the back of it. Only an abstract of …
  • … of the Royal Society of London ( Airy 1873 ). Airy had corresponded with CD about …

To J. D. Hague   25 April [1873]

Summary

Encloses note from J. T. Moggridge commenting on JDH’s letter ["Perception in ants", Nature 7 (1873): 443–4].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Duncan Hague
Date:  25 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 144: 395
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8881

Matches: 8 hits

  • … while recovering from a long illness (second letter to Nature , [before 3 April 1873]). …
  • … To J.  D.  Hague   25 April [1873] …
  • … DAR 144: 395 Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Apr [1873] James Duncan Hague …
  • … J. T. Moggridge commenting on JDH’s letter ["Perception in ants", Nature 7 (1873): 443–4]. …
  • … Bibliography Moggridge, John Traherne. 1873. Harvesting ants and trap-door spiders: notes …
  • … the letter to J.  D.  Hague, 3 April [1873] . The note from John Traherne Moggridge has …
  • … ants and trap-door spiders ( Moggridge 1873 ) contained observations on ants collecting …
  • … to Nature (see second letter to Nature , [before 3 April 1873] and n.  2). Hague had …

To J. D. Hooker   27 January [1873]

Summary

Drosophyllum arrived; none of his observations turned out as he expected, but nevertheless he understands its habits better than he did. The secreting hairs that he observed may be explained as a mere chemical reaction.

Comments on various articles he has read.

Asks for Thiselton-Dyer’s notes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  27 Jan [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 253–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8185

Matches: 18 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   27 January [1873] …
  • … DAR 94: 253–6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Jan [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … D.  Hooker, 20 January 1873  and n.  2. Hooker had been invited to stand for election as …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 January 1873 . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] and n.  3, and letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873 and [13  …
  • … or 20 January 1873]. Drosophyllum is an insectivorous plant; CD wanted to use it in …
  • … is an annotated copy of Moggridge 1873  in the Darwin Library–CUL ( Marginalia 1: 589). …
  • … See letter to M.  D.  Conway, 11 January [1873] . Moncure Daniel Conway arrived at Down on …
  • … from Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, 28 [January 1873], DAR 258: 572). See letter from J.   …
  • … Publishing. 1990. Moggridge, John Traherne. 1873. Harvesting ants and trap-door spiders: …
  • … Naturelles. Botanique 5th ser. 15 (1872): 277–351; 17 (1873): 5–44; 18 (1874): 23–146. …
  • … White, Francis Buchanan. 1873. The influence of insect-agency on the distribution of …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January 1873 . See Insectivorous plants , pp.  284, 360. …
  • … it in Movement in plants. F.  B.  White 1873 . For CD’s observations on apparent powers of …
  • … see the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5  January [1873] . CD had experimented with carbonate of …
  • … Dyer ( letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873 ). CD published his observations in …
  • … Pamphlet Collection–CUL. CD refers to John Traherne Moggridge and Moggridge 1873 . There …

To William Ogle   5 May [1873]

Summary

Recommends H. Müller’s Die Befruchtung den Blumen durch Insekten (1873).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Ogle
Date:  5 May [1873]
Classmark:  James P. Evans (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8901F

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To William Ogle   5 May [1873] …
  • … James P. Evans (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 May [1873] William Ogle …
  • … Recommends H. Müller’s Die Befruchtung den Blumen durch Insekten (1873). …
  • … Blumen durch Insekten by D r . H.  Müller 1873 Leipzig” (1 vol.  with 478 pages), would be …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten …
  • … The year is established by the reference to H.  Müller 1873 . CD …
  • … was reading the book in May 1873 (see letter to …
  • … Hermann Müller, 5 May 1873 ). Ogle had published three papers on the fertilisation of …
  • … William Ogle, 2 September 1868 . H.  Müller 1873 , pp.  3–27, included a review of all the …

To J. T. Moggridge   10 March 1873

Summary

Much obliged for seeds. Will expose seeds to chemical vapours.

Comments on JTM’s spider experiments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Traherne Moggridge
Date:  10 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 146: 379
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8805

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To J.  T.  Moggridge   10 March 1873
  • … DAR 146: 379 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Mar 1873 John Traherne Moggridge …
  • … able, once the hoods were removed, to peck for food and judge distances ( Spalding 1873 ). …
  • … Bibliography Moggridge, John Traherne. 1873. Harvesting ants and trap-door spiders: notes …
  • … L. Reeve & Co. Spalding, Douglas Alexander. 1873. Instinct. With original observations on …
  • … s observations on seeds stored in ants’ nests ( Moggridge 1873 ; see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 27 January [1873] and n.  9, letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 20 February 1873  and n.  3, and letter to J.   …
  • … Down Beckenham Mar.  10. 1873 My dear Sir I am very much obliged for the seeds. I had some …
  • … D.   Hooker, 21 February [1873] ). The details of CD’s experiments are not known, but see …
  • … the letters from J.  T.  Moggridge, 22 July 1873 and …
  • … 30 July 1873, in which he describes the experiments he carried out at CD’s suggestion. …
  • … in London from 15 March until 10 April 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). No letter from …
  • … on captive spiders carried out during 1873; these included experiments that suggested …

To A. R. Wallace   19 November [1873]

Summary

Further discussion of ARW’s help on new [2d] edition of Descent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  19 Nov [1873]
Classmark:  British Library (Add 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9154

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   19 November [1873] …
  • … British Library (Add 46434) Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Nov [1873] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … from A.  R.  Wallace, 18 November 1873  and n.  6. See letter …
  • … from A.  R.  Wallace, 18 November 1873 . …
  • … of Descent , which CD started work on in November 1873 (see n.  4, below). See letter …
  • … to A.  R.  Wallace, [18 November 1873] , and letter from A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, [19 November 1873] . CD had decided that his son George Howard Darwin might …
  • … the second edition of Descent (see letter to A.  R.  Wallace, [18 November 1873] . CD’s ‘ …
  • … Journal’ (Appendix II) records for 20 October 1873: ‘Began correcting Drosera MS. ’, …
  • … and for 20 November 1873: ‘Began correcting 2 nd Edit of Descent of Man, & continued for …
  • … to Spencer 1873b. See letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 18 November 1873  and n.  6. Wallace’s …
  • … coal question’ was published in the Daily News , 16 September 1873, p.  6. See also letter …

From W. W. Reade   31 August [1873]

Summary

Going to the Ashanti war as Times correspondent.

Author:  William Winwood Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Aug [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 176: 70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9036

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From W.  W.  Reade   31 August [1873] …
  • … 176: 70 William Winwood Reade London, Stanhope St, 171 31 Aug [1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … is established by the reference to Reade 1873 (see n.  3, below). CD’s letter has not been …
  • … but see letter from W.  W.  Reade, 29 August 1873 . CD had probably commented on Reade’s …
  • … African sketch-book ( W.  W.  Reade 1873 ), which was …
  • … published in June 1873 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 17 June 1873, p.  413; see letter from W.   …
  • … W.  Reade, 14 May 1873  and n.  9). Reade had added a number of fictional stories intended …
  • … factual account of his own travels (see W.  W.  Reade 1873 , p.  v). A cheap, revised …
  • … was never published. Reade covered the third Anglo-Ashanti war (1873–4) in west Africa …
  • … for The Times from November 1873 and fought in the battle of Amoaful in January 1874 ( …
  • … Press. 1927–96. Reade, William Winwood. 1873. The African sketch-book. 2 vols. London: …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   30 August 1873

Summary

Talks of his attempts to describe the course of descent for a part of the animal kingdom, and thanks CD for his help and support.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Aug 1873
Classmark:  V. O. Kovalevsky 1873–4, pp. [ii–iii]
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9035F

Matches: 13 hits

  • … der Fall war. In treuer Ergebenheit | Ihr | W.  Kowalevsky. München, den 30. August 1873. …
  • … From V.  O.  Kovalevsky    30 August 1873
  • … V. O. Kovalevsky 1873–4, pp. [ii– …
  • … Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) 30 Aug 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Kovalevsky, Vladimir Onufrievich. 1873–4. Monographie der Gattung Anthracotherium Cuv. und …
  • … Palaeontographica. Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte der Vorwelt 22 (1873–6): 131–347. …
  • … considered here. In true devotion | Yours | W.  Kowalevsky. Munich, 30. August 1873. …
  • … Kovalevsky’s monograph on Anthracotherium (V.   Kovalevsky 1873–4 ; see letter from V.   …
  • … O.  Kovalevsky, 17 May 1873  and n.  3, and letter to V.   …
  • … O.  Kovalevsky, 21 May 1873 ). CD’s annotated copy of the first two parts of the monograph …
  • … Kovalevsky’s monograph on Anthracotherium (V.   Kovalevsky 1873–4 ; see letter from V.   …
  • … O.  Kovalevsky, 17 May 1873  and n.  3, and letter to V.   …
  • … O.  Kovalevsky, 21 May 1873 ). CD’s annotated copy of the first two parts of the monograph …

Krefft, Gerard. 1873. Savages, fossil and recent. Sydney Mail, 19 July 1873, p. 74; 26 July 1873, p. 106; 2 August 1873, p. 142; 16 August 1873, p. 210.

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Krefft, Gerard. 1873. Savages, fossil and recent. …
  • … Sydney Mail , 19 July 1873, p. …
  • … 74; 26 July 1873, p. …
  • … 106; 2 August 1873, p. …
  • … 142; 16 August 1873, p. 210. Google news; find it here: (http://news.google.com/ …
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

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  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

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  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

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  • … Constantijn Costerus and his friend had written to Darwin in 1873, praising his works and describing …
  • … Letter to J. C. Costerus and N. D. Doedes, [22?] March 1873 ) The Dutch friends so …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

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  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

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  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

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  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

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  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

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  • … Sunday afternoons, when they received visitors (23 March 1873; Emma described his visit in a letter …
  • … younger daughter, Bessy, did call on a Saturday in October 1873 but the Leweses were away. As a …
  • … this happened (Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [14 October 1873], DAR 258: 547b). Early the following …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

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  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

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  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

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  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

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  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …
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