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From J. D. Hooker   7 January 1873



Fascinated by Greg’s Enigmas, though its matter is weak.

Is vexed at being drawn into hostility toward British Museum through William Carruthers’ insolence and presumption.

Recounts visit with Edward Cardwell [Secretary for War].

Has sent Candolle’s book to Gladstone.

JDH indignant at Gladstone’s speech putting English science below French and German.

Thinks it is an accepted dogma that glandular hairs are excreting only. Will ask others to confirm.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 140–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8727

Matches: 6 hits

  • Hooker, 8 November 1872 , and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 November [1872] and n.  2). …
  • 1872 ). There is no record of Greg’s visiting Down. Hooker refers to Acton Smee Ayrton (see letter to J.  D.   …
  • Hooker before that was the letter of 9 November [1872] ( Correspondence vol.  20). See letter to J.  D.   …
  • Hooker refers to Alphonse de Candolle’s Histoire des sciences (Candolle 1872; see also letter to J.  D.   …
  • 1872, Hooker and Richard Owen , superintendent of the natural history departments at the museum, became involved in dispute over the future location of the national herbarium (see Correspondence vol.  20, letter from J.  D.   …
  • 1872–3): 32). Smith died on 26 December 1872 at Putney, not far from Kew ( ODNB ). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, …

From J. D. Hooker   30 August 1873



Identifies three plants sent by CD.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Aug 1873
Classmark:  DAR 77: 173; DAR 209.6: 205
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9034

Matches: 1 hit

  • … from the end of 1872, editing Hooker’s Flora of British India ( J.  D.  Hooker 1872–97 ) …

To W. E. Gladstone   [before 16 January 1873]


Encourages the government to keep the herbarium and library of the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Ewart Gladstone
Date:  [before 16 Jan 1873]
Classmark:  Fourth report of the Royal Commission on Scientific Instruction and the Advancement of Science 1874 [C.884] XXII.1 (pp. 31–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9206F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Correspondence vol.  20, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 October [1872] and nn.  3 and 4, and …

From J. D. Hooker   16 September 1873



Mimosa too far gone to send now.

CD’s marjoram is the common [Origanum] vulgare, not the pot herb.

On the water injury, Thiselton-Dyer and he may have used too fine a spray, but plant is insensitive.

Horribly angry at P. G. Tait’s letter in Nature [8 (1873): 381–2].

Tyndall writes that he is strong – the next number of Nature will prove it.

G. Henslow is much better.

JDH leaves for Bradford [BAAS meeting] tomorrow.

Rejoices at CD’s success with Drosera; longs to be at Nepenthes.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Sept 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 162–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9057

Matches: 1 hit

  • 1872–97 ; DNB ). Hooker did not start experimenting on Nepenthes , the tropical pitcher-plant, until October (see letter from J.  D.   …

From S. V. Wood Jr to Charles Lyell   19 September 1873


Thanks for proofs of the Supplement to Crag Mollusca. Sends crab apples.

Author:  Searles Valentine Wood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Sept 1873
Classmark:  The University of Edinburgh Centre for Research Collections (Gen.117/6327-9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9059G

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 1 June 1872  and enclosure). Joseph Dalton Hooker’s view had been expressed in J.  D.   …
  • 1872 , 2: 306–7. See Correspondence vol.  20, letter to Charles Lyell, 1 June 1872 and enclosure. Samuel Pickworth Woodward . Covent Garden was London’s fruit, vegetable, and flower market. The Wood family came from Melton, Woodbridge, Suffolk. Lyell had visited Switzerland in August 1873 (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, …

To J. D. Hooker   24 November 1873



Has been working hard on Mimosa albida. Could JDH ever make its opposite leaflets shut up close, as in sleep, when he irritated them? CD doubts they do, except in sleep. Thinks movement a protection against water.

Has examined only one specimen of Eucalyptus.

Cannot believe JDH’s results from cutting a hole in pitcher in his Nepenthes experiment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24 Nov 1873
Classmark:  DAR 95: 306–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9158

Matches: 1 hit

  • … CD a specimen (letters from J.  D.  Hooker, [8 November 1872] and 17 [November 1873] ). CD …

To J. D. Hooker   12 January [1873]


Had thrown Geographical Society’s Proceedings in waste-basket, but as Strachey shows such admirable powers of discrimination he will fish it out and read the whole article.

Comments on 3d ed. of Sachs’s work [Lehrbuch der Botanik (1873)]. Wishes he were more controversial.

Has become wonderfully interested in Drosera and Dionaea.

9000 copies of Expression have been printed and most are sold.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 Jan [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 251–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8733

Matches: 2 hits

  • Hooker sent CD Dionaea plants in 1872 (see Correspondence vol.  20, letter to J.  D.   …
  • J.  D.  Hooker, 12 January 1873  and n.  2. CD’s annotated copy of the third edition of Sachs’s Lehrbuch der Botanik ( Sachs 1873 ) is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 727–30). CD refers to Bert 1867–72 . See Correspondence vol.  20, letter from M.  T.  Masters, 4 November 1872 , …

To Charles Lyell   24 September 1873


Discusses apple specimens received from CL; reversion to crab state. Cites passage on subject in Variation.

Comments on letter from Mr Wood on inheritance in fruit-trees.

Would like to cross flowers of "Hawthornden" with many distinct varieties.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  24 Sept 1873
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.432)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9065

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 1873 ). In J.  D.  Hooker 1859 , p.  ix, quoted in C.  Lyell 1872 , 2: 306–7, Joseph …
  • J.  D.  Hooker 1859 ; the page on which Lyell quoted Hooker is uncut in CD’s copy of C.  Lyell 1872 . …

To George King   18 February 1873


Thanks for information on worm-castings. Comments on disintegration of castings.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George King
Date:  18 Feb 1873
Classmark:  DAR 146: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8772

Matches: 2 hits

  • … consumption (see Correspondence vol.  20, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 October 1872 ). …
  • 1872 . King was on medical leave from his post as superintendent of the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta, and staying at Mentone (now Menton) in the south of France; see Correspondence vol.  20, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, …

To J. D. Hooker   27 January [1873]


Drosophyllum arrived; none of his observations turned out as he expected, but nevertheless he understands its habits better than he did. The secreting hairs that he observed may be explained as a mere chemical reaction.

Comments on various articles he has read.

Asks for Thiselton-Dyer’s notes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  27 Jan [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 253–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8185

Matches: 2 hits

  • J.  D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873 ). CD published his observations in Insectivorous plants , pp.  344–55. CD refers to Gaston de Saporta , Saporta 1872– …
  • 1872 . See letter to M.  D.  Conway, 11 January [1873] . Moncure Daniel Conway arrived at Down on 24 January 1872 ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). CD also refers to Jane Norton ( letter from Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, 28 [January 1873] , DAR 258: 572). See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, …

From E. F. Lubbock   [before 7 April 1873]


Is trying to persuade "our friend" [T. H. Huxley?] to accept a gift.

Author:  Ellen Frances Hordern; Ellen Frances Lubbock
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 7 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 170: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8833

Matches: 1 hit

  • 1872). CD evidently visited him in connection with the subscription plan on 7 April 1873 (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [ …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   24 June 1873


Wishes JSBS to look over an abstract of his Drosera experiments and to answer some questions on it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, 1st baronet
Date:  24 June 1873
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8948

Matches: 1 hit

  • J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] . In a letter to Nature , 19 June 1873, pp.  141–3, Burdon Sanderson reported on some of the experiments that had previously been undertaken by Henry Charlton Bastian to advance a theory of spontaneous generation (see Bastian 1872 ). …

To Asa Gray   8 January 1873


Has received, through AG, a letter on Dionaea [from W. M. Canby] which has greatly interested him. CD asks AG to question his correspondent on whether it catches large or small insects.

Mary Treat will observe Drosera filiformis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  8 Jan 1873
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (102)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8728

Matches: 1 hit

  • J.  D.  Hooker, [after 6 July 1867] ( Correspondence vol.  15). The letter was chiefly concerned with Dionaea muscipula (Venus fly trap). CD cited Canby for information on Dionaea in Insectivorous plants . See Correspondence vol.  20, letter from Mary Treat, 13 December 1872 , …

From Hubert Airy   21 January 1873



Has sent phyllotaxy paper to G. G. Stokes with the letter from CD to show credentials.

Will not have time to read new Sachs edition CD offered.

Thanks for CD’s sponsorship of paper [Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 21 (1873): 176–9].

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 159: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8745

Matches: 1 hit

  • 1872 , and Airy 1873 , pp.  177–8. CD’s letter to Airy has not been found. CD had recently received a copy of the new edition of Julius Sachs’s Lehrbuch der Botanik ( Sachs 1873 ; see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, …

To J. D. Hooker   9 January 1873


Explains why he wants Drosophyllum.

Hopes JDH will be elected President of Royal Society.

Agrees with JDH on Greg’s Enigmas.

Would like Greg to visit Down if JDH comes as CD’s "protector".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 94: 248–50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8729

Matches: 1 hit

  • 1872 . CD refers to William Turner Thiselton-Dyer ; he misread Sachs ( Julius Sachs ) as Schacht ( Hermann Schacht , also a botanist) in Hooker’s letter of 7 January 1873 . CD’s annotated copy of the third edition of Sachs’s Lehrbuch der Botanik ( Sachs 1873 ) is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 727–30). There is no record of William Rathbone Greg’s visiting Down; Hooker visited on 19 April 1873 ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). See Insectivorous plants , p.  50. See letter from J.  D.   …

From J. D. Hooker   30 June 1873



Leaves Wednesday with Huxley for holiday.

Family news.

He too thinks well of Bentham’s address.

Asa Gray elected Foreign F.R.S.

G. J. Allman is being proposed for Royal Medal by JDH and Huxley.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 157–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8958

Matches: 1 hit

  • 1872–3): 32). The enclosure has not been found. Charles Lyell’s wife, Mary Elizabeth, died on 24 April 1873. Lyell planned to tour the continent with his sister, Marianne, and visit Oswald Heer in Zurich in August (K.  M.  Lyell ed.  1881, 2: 451). Hooker refers to Richard Strachey . See also letter from J.  D.   …

To M. D. Conway   11 January [1873]


Thanks MDC for letter on expression [see 8694].

Invites him to Down on 24th. CD warns that his health does not permit him to talk long with anyone.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Moncure Daniel Conway
Date:  11 Jan [1873]
Classmark:  Columbia University in the City of New York, Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8730

Matches: 1 hit

  • 1872 . According to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), Conway did arrive at Down on 24 January 1872. Charles Eliot Norton is not mentioned in Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) as visiting on 24 January; however, Henrietta Emma and Richard Buckley Litchfield , Frances Emma Elizabeth Wedgwood , and ‘Alice’ (possibly Alice Bonham-Carter ) are mentioned. Jane Norton was at Down on 27 January 1873 ( letter to J.  D.  Hooker, …

From J. D. Hooker   12 January 1873



Drosophyllum is coming from Dublin. Will ship it to Down when it arrives.

The awful honour of Presidency of Royal Society; his aversion to dignities and honours.

R. Strachey [Proc. R. Geogr. Soc. (1873): 450] has paid him and CD a compliment.

Letter from Gladstone.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 146–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8732

Matches: 1 hit

  • J.  D.  Hooker, 7 January 1873 and n.  15). ‘Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown’: Shakespeare, Henry IV part 2 , 3. 1. Hooker refers to his joint work with George Bentham , Genera plantarum (Bentham and Hooker 1862 –83). Richard Strachey’s paper was read before the Geographical Section of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in August 1872