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From Francis Darwin   [before 18 October 1870]

Summary

Needs more money to pay his tutoring bills.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 18 Oct 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7345F

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [before 18 October 1870] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 14 Francis Darwin Cambridge [before 18 Oct 1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and the letter to Francis Darwin, 18 October [1870] ( Correspondence vol. 18). Robert Burn …
  • … Francis was an undergraduate from 1866 until 1870, when he received his BA ( Admissions to …
  • … 5: 329, Cambridge University calendar 1870, p. xxiv; see also Correspondence vol. 13, …
  • … a payment to Francis of £115 on 18 October 1870 in his Account books–cash account (Down …

From J. V. Carus   2 October 1870

Summary

The outbreak of war and war work have interfered with JVC’s scientific work.

Publisher does not, however, think the war will hurt success of Descent in Germany, and JVC asks for corrected sheets for his use in translating it.

Wishes struggle between Romanic and Teutonic races could be fought out in a form more appropriate to their cultures and civilisation.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Oct 1870
Classmark:  DAR 161: 76
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7332

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From J.  V.  Carus   2 October 1870
  • … DAR 161: 76 Julius Victor Carus Leipzig 2 Oct 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Carus refers to the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 to 1871, and the letter to J.   …
  • … V.  Carus, 18 August 1870 . Metz, a city in north-eastern France, was the headquarters of …
  • … Second Army from 3 September to 23 October 1870 ( Howard 1981 , pp.  257–72). The French …
  • … since the battle of Sedan on 2 September 1870 ( ibid. , pp.  204–23). Carus earned his …
  • … presentation copies were released in late 1870 ( Freeman 1977 , pp.  129–30). The first …
  • … Prussian War; the German invasion of France, 1870–1871. London and New York: Routledge. …
  • … Leipzig, Oct.  2, 1870. My dear Sir, This most horrid war put me entirely out of my …
  • … see the letter to J.  V.  Carus, 18 August 1870 . E.  Schweizerbart’sche Verlagshandlung, …

From J. V. Carus   18 April 1870

Summary

Regrets he cannot come to Down on day suggested.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Apr 1870
Classmark:  DAR 161: 75
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7166

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  V.  Carus   18 April 1870
  • … DAR 161: 75 Julius Victor Carus London, Grosvenor St, 61 18 Apr 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter from J.  V.  Carus, 16 April [1870]. Carus did not visit CD in the autumn, …
  • … prevented by the Franco-Prussian war (see letter from J.  V.  Carus, 2 October 1870 ). …
  • … 61, Grosvenor Street | London, W. Apr 18. 1870. My dear Sir, I am so sorry I cannot come …

From Henry Bence Jones   2 August 1870

Summary

CD has complained of pins and needles keeping him from working on his book [Descent]. If he could spend ten days with HBJ, he would be well and fit.

Author:  Henry Bence Jones
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Aug 1870
Classmark:  DAR 168: 79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7293

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Henry Bence Jones   2 August 1870
  • … DAR 168: 79 Henry Bence Jones Folkestone 2 Aug 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … home from school from 22 July to 10 August 1870, but she makes no mention of any illness …
  • … 5 Albion Villas | Folkestone Aug 2 1870 My dear M r Darwin Your letter was forwarded to me …
  • … n.  5). CD sent the manuscript of Descent to the printers in August 1870 ( letter to John …
  • … Murray, 5 [August 1870] ). ‘Sal volatile’ is ammonium carbonate, often used as a smelling …
  • … regarded as an invalid (see letter to W.  D.  Fox, 18 February [1870] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 25 May [1870] ). According to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR …

To Philip Lutley Sclater   30 August [1870]

Summary

Encloses, for publication, note about Pampas woodpecker, opposing W. H. Hudson [see 7354].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Philip Lutley Sclater
Date:  30 Aug [1870]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.383)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7311

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Philip Lutley Sclater   30 August [1870] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.383) Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Aug [1870] Philip Lutley Sclater …
  • … CUL (see Marginalia 1: 595). Hudson 1870 , p.  159. CD added a reference to Hudson’s …
  • … viuda de Ibarra. Hudson, William Henry. 1870. On the ornithology of Buenos Ayres. [Letters …
  • … 24 March, 26 May, 23 June, 1 and 15 November, and 6 December 1870] Proceedings of the …
  • … London. At the 24 February and 24 March 1870 meetings of the society, letters from William …
  • … which never climbs a tree’ ( Origin , p.  184; see Hudson 1870 , p.  112, and also n.   …
  • … 4, below). See Hudson 1870 , p.  158. For CD’s observations of woodpeckers in South …
  • … Zoological Society of London (1870): 87–9, 112–14, 158–60, 332–4, 545–50, 671–3, 748–50, …

From Benjamin Clarke   1 November [1870]

Summary

Sends CD some Indian corn seeds to demonstrate the extreme effect sometimes producible on progeny by the mutilation of a parent.

Writes of a recent book.

Author:  Benjamin Clarke
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Nov [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 261.11: 26 (EH 88206077)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5662

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Benjamin Clarke    1 November [1870] …
  • … DAR 261.11: 26 (EH 88206077) Benjamin Clarke unstated 1 Nov [1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Clarke, Benjamin. 1870. On systematic botany and zoology, including a new …
  • … to the ‘power of God’ was added to the 1870 publication. Both poems were signed B.C. …
  • … humans among the Mammalia as follows ( Clarke 1870 , p.  44): By including Bimana in this …
  • … s. under the heading ‘B.  Clarke. Syst. Bot. & Zooly. ’ for 20 October 1870. Clarke refers …
  • … systematic botany and zoology ( Clarke 1870 ). The botanical part of the work had already …
  • … vol.  15, letter from Benjamin Clarke, 12 March 1867 ) but not published until 1870 ( …
  • … Clarke 1870 ). CD’s donation to the Relief Fund of the Royal Society of London is referred …
  • … London ( Post Office London directory 1870). On the verso of the title page of Clarke  …

From William Ogle   [10–17 November 1870]

Summary

Relates instances of rabbits suffering from a condition which affects only the patches of white on their fur.

Will make observations on the platysma for CD.

Author:  William Ogle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [10-17 Nov 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 173: 4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7365

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From William Ogle   [10–17 November 1870] …
  • … DAR 173: 4 William Ogle London, Clarges St, 34 [10-17 Nov 1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … pp.  298–303. Variation. Jeffries Wyman. See letter to William Ogle, 17 November [1870] . …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letters to William Ogle, 9 November 1870  and …
  • … 17 November [1870] . …
  • … Letter to William Ogle, 9 November 1870 See letter to …
  • … William Ogle, 9 November 1870  and n.  3. …
  • … See letter to William Ogle, 9 November 1870 , and Ogle 1870a, p.  283 n.  1. The reference …

To A. R. Wallace   31 March [1870]

Summary

Thanks for a woodcut sent by ARW for Descent.

Congratulations on his removal from London,

and praise of his review of Francis Galton ["Hereditary genius", Nature 1 (1870): 501–3]. CD agrees with every word of it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  31 Mar [1870]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434: 200–1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7154

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   31 March [1870] …
  • … Add MS 46434: 200–1) Charles Robert Darwin Down 31 Mar [1870] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … Galton ["Hereditary genius", Nature 1 (1870): 501–3]. CD agrees with every word of it. …
  • … see letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 7 March [1870? ] ). See n.  1, above. CD refers to Wallace’ …
  • … Pamphlet Collection–CUL.  See also letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 26 January [1870] and n.  6. …
  • … 1869 ), which was published on 17 March 1870 (Wallace 1870c). CD refers to a woodcut of a …
  • … did not have the image reduced. On 25 March 1870, Wallace had moved with his family to a …

To Adam Sedgwick   1 June [1870]

Summary

Thanks AS for his kindness towards himself and his family. Looks back with great satisfaction to his last visit ("as it will probably prove") to Cambridge.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Adam Sedgwick
Date:  1 June [1870]
Classmark:  Stanford University Department of Special Collections (Stephen Jay Gould Collection, M1437, Box 958)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7213F

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Adam Sedgwick   1 June [1870] …
  • … Gould Collection, M1437, Box 958) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 June [1870] Adam Sedgwick …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from Adam Sedgwick, 30 May 1870 . See …
  • … letter from Adam Sedgwick, 30 May 1870  and n.  3. CD’s letter to Sedgwick has not been …
  • … found; however, see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 May [1870] . CD refers to the …
  • … Woodwardian Museum (see letter to Alfred Newton, [22 May 1870] and n.  3). Sedgwick …
  • … Dent, in Yorkshire (see letter from Adam Sedgwick, 30 May 1870 ). Dent is now in Cumbria. …

To William Ogle   17 December [1870]

Summary

Thanks WO for valuable letter. Feels he need not trouble any more about platysma. If WO ever sees someone suffering great fear, CD asks him to observe the neck.

Hopes to visit WO when next in London.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Ogle
Date:  17 Dec [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 261.5: 5 (EH 88205903)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7394

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To William Ogle   17 December [1870] …
  • … DAR 261.5: 5 (EH 88205903) Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Dec [1870] William Ogle …
  • … s house in London from 8 to 14 December 1870 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Ogle’s letter …
  • … of the platysma myoides in November; see letters to William Ogle, 9 November 1870  and …
  • … 17 November [1870] , and letter from William …
  • … Ogle, [10–17 November 1870] . See Expression , pp.   …
  • … See letter to William Ogle, 17 November [1870] , and Expression , p.  298. CD refers to …

From Charles Boner   8 January 1870

Summary

Is glad CD liked Chamois hunting [in Bavaria (1853, 1860)].

Regrets CD’s poor health.

Sends his book, Transylvania [1865].

Author:  Charles Boner
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Jan 1870
Classmark:  DAR 160: 239
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7074

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Charles Boner   8 January 1870
  • … DAR 160: 239 Charles Boner Munich 8 Jan 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to Charles Boner, [before 8 January 1870] . This information was probably in a …
  • … part of CD’s letter to Boner of [before 8 January 1870] that has not been preserved. Boner …
  • … refers to Boner 1865 (see letter to Charles Boner, [before 8 January 1870] and n.  6). …
  • … Munich. January 8. 1870 My dear Sir, I need hardly say that it gave me very particular …

From James Orton   31 March 1870

Summary

JO found fossil shells in the Amazon Valley, which discredits Agassiz’s claim of a glacial origin.

Would like Huxley’s opinion of the fossil horse’s tooth from Quito.

Author:  James Orton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Mar 1870
Classmark:  DAR 173: 39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7157

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From James Orton   31 March 1870
  • … DAR 173: 39 James Orton Vassar College 31 Mar 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Orton, James. 1870. The Andes and the Amazon; or, across the …
  • … Orton refers to CD’s letter to him of 24 February [1870], and to his The …
  • … Andes and the Amazon ( Orton 1870 ). Orton refers to CD’s Journal of researches. …
  • … see letter to James Orton, 24 February [1870] and n.  4. Orton refers to John Hauxwell. …
  • … shells in the Amazon region in Orton 1870 , pp.  282–3. See also Correspondence vol.  17, …
  • … J.  L.  R.  Agassiz and Agassiz 1868, pp.  250, 411, and 424, and Orton 1870 , p.  282). …

To Asa Gray   7 December 1870

Summary

Believes AG’s cases of incipient dimorphism are due to mere variability. Has found examples in Nolana and Amsinckia; believes such variation is the basis for the development of dimorphism. Was unaware of variations in Phlox.

Sensitivity of Drosera and Dionaea.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  7 Dec 1870
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (90)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7388

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   7 December 1870
  • … Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (90) Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 Dec 1870 Asa Gray …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 21 November 1870 . CD was correcting the proof-sheets of …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [13 June 1870? ] and n.  3. Nolana prostrata is now N.   …
  • … to Lewis Henry Morgan. See letter from L.  H.  Morgan, 9 August 1870, and letter to L.   …
  • … H.  Morgan, 11 August [1870] . CD refers to Jane Loring Gray. …
  • … Down. | Beckenham | Kent. S.E. Dec 7. 1870 My dear Gray I have been very glad to receive …

To Federico Delpino   1 June [1870]

Summary

Thanks FD for seeds of Canna.

Still thinks it would be worth FD’s while looking at the fertilisation of Lotus; does not think Frank Darwin has exaggerated the novelty of the contrivance.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Federico Delpino
Date:  1 June [1870]
Classmark:  Anna Barone (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7213

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Federico Delpino   1 June [1870] …
  • … Anna Barone (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 June [1870] Federico Delpino …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter from Federico Delpino, 20 May 1870 . See …
  • … letter from Federico Delpino, 20 May 1870 . See …
  • … letter from Federico Delpino, 20 May 1870  and n.  4. The son concerned may have been …

From John Murray   16 November [1870]

Summary

JM reports 1900 [advance] copies of Descent were taken at his annual sale,

and 340 copies of Origin [5th ed.] were sold.

Sheets for Dutch publisher will be sent to CD immediately. JM cautions against possibility that Dutch edition will anticipate the English.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Nov [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 381
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7372

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From John Murray   16 November [1870] …
  • … DAR 171: 381 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50 16 Nov [1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter to John Murray, 15 November [1870] . See …
  • … letter to John Murray, 15 November [1870] and n.  2. Murray refers to Origin 5th ed. ( …
  • … published early in 1871). See letter to John Murray, 15 November [1870] and n.  4. …
  • … See letter to John Murray, 15 November [1870] and n.  3. The reference is to Hendrik …

From T. H. Huxley   22 June 1870

Summary

Reports "shindy" at Oxford over persons proposed for doctorate. Pusey assented to CD’s being "doctored" to keep out seven worse devils.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 June 1870
Classmark:  DAR 166: 322
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7239

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   22 June 1870
  • … DAR 166: 322 Thomas Henry Huxley Geological Survey 22 June 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Ever, oh Coryphæus diabolicus | your faithful follower | T.  H.  Huxley June 22. 1870
  • … Wagner 1851–9  and Bischoff 1845 ; see letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 20 June [1870] and n.  2. …
  • … were in London from 24 June to 1 July 1870 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). See letter to …
  • … T.  H.  Huxley, 20 June [1870] . CD had been offered an honorary degree by the University …
  • … health ( letter from Robert Cecil, 7 June 1870  and n.  1). The Hebdomadal Council was the …

From T. H. Farrer   5 June 1870

Summary

Has sent F. Müller "a long screed" about the Passiflora.

Author:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 June 1870
Classmark:  DAR 164: 64
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7219

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Farrer   5 June 1870
  • … Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer London, Gloucester Terrace, 3 5 June 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … dried flower of Passiflora (see letter from Fritz Müller, 16 February 1870 , and letter to …
  • … Fritz Müller, 12 May 1870 ). On Farrer’s notions about the corona of Passiflora , see the …
  • … letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 13 [May 1870], n.  3. …

From John Lubbock   16 July [1870]

Summary

The Census Bill is down on the paper for tomorrow; will CD restate how he wants to put the question [on cousin marriages]?

Author:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 July [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 170: 76
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7277

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From John Lubbock   16 July [1870] …
  • … Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury unstated 16 July [1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Census Bill (see n.  2, below). The second reading of the bill was on 22 July 1870. See …
  • … letter from William Farr, 16 July 1870  and n.   …
  • … 2. July 16 1870 was a Saturday; Parliament did not sit at weekends. …

From J. D. Hooker   10 July 1870

thumbnail

Summary

Sends seeds from R. L. Playfair in Algiers.

F. Delpino writes asking where M. A. Curtis has published physiological observations on Dionaea ["Enumeration of plants growing spontaneously around Wilmington, North Carolina", Boston J. Nat. Hist. 1 (1834–7): 82–140; see Insectivorous plants, p. 301 n.].

Talk with Duke of Argyll on CD’s and Wallace’s views on man.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 July 1870
Classmark:  DAR 103: 53–4; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Directors’ Correspondence 17a: 117)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7272

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   10 July 1870
  • … Correspondence 17a: 117) Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 10 July 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … memorandum to J.  D.  Hooker, [13 June 1870? ]. CD had asked for seeds of Iberis amara , …
  • … tingitanus from Playfair on 4 July 1870. No other seeds were recorded. The references are …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [ 29 June 1870] and n.  2. In Cross and self fertilisation , …
  • … place in Liverpool from 14 to 21 September 1870 ( Report of the fortieth meeting of the …
  • … University Press. 2004. Sachs, Julius. 1870. Lehrbuch der Botanik nach dem gegenwärtigen …
  • … on botany ( W.  Curtis 1805 ). See letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 July [1870] and nn.   …
  • … 3 and 4, and 8 July [1870]. George Douglas Campbell evidently agreed with the view …
  • … ODNB s.v. Campbell, George Douglas). Hooker refers to Julius Sachs and to Sachs 1870 . CD’ …
  • … s annotated presentation copy of Sachs 1870  is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia …
  • … the memorandum to J.  D.  Hooker, [13 June 1870? ]. Iberis umbellata is globe candytuft. …

To Fritz Müller   28 August 1870

Summary

Mimicry in Lepidoptera.

Sexual selection.

The Franco-Prussian war.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  28 Aug 1870
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 33)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7310

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To Fritz Müller   28 August 1870
  • … 10 no 33) Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 Aug 1870 Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …
  • … Farrer with his letter of 16 February 1870 . Henry Walter Bates had developed a theory …
  • … Collection–CUL.  In July and August 1870, a number of issues focused on the debate over …
  • … letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870 ). A paper by Paul Broca on transformism …
  • … in the journal (Broca 1870a; see letter from Paul Broca, 4 August 1870  and n.  2). …
  • … war: the German conquest of France in 1870–1871. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. …
  • … in endemic butterflies (see letter from Fritz Müller, 29 March 1870  and n.  3). Müller …
  • … butterflies in two letters to his brother, Hermann Müller, written on 5 May 1870 and …
  • … 14 June 1870 (Möller ed.  1915–21, 2: 175–9). Müller suggested two points in favour of …
  • … France had declared war on Prussia on 19 July 1870 ( Wawro 2003 , p.  65). Prussia had the …
  • … See letter from J.  V.  Carus, 2 October 1870 . For more on Anton Dohrn’s service in the …
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Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The …
  • … machine’  ( letter to Charles Lyell, 25 December [1870] ). Finishing Descent; …
  • … some weeks’  ( letter to Albert Günther, 13 January [1870] ). Darwin was still working hard on …
  • … I shall be’  ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). She had previously read proof-sheets …
  • … shd. turn parson?’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Henrietta disagreed: ‘Certainly …
  • … of man!’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [after 8 February 1870] ). Darwin was also encouraged …
  • … sense of mankind’ ( letter to F. P. Cobbe, 23 March [1870?] ). Cobbe accused Darwin of smiling in …
  • … great philosophy?’ ( letter from F. P. Cobbe, 28 March [1870?] ). Humans as animals: ears …
  • … [1868] ; this volume, letter to Thomas Woolner, 10 March [1870] ). Darwin included Woolner’s …
  • … findings ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 15 March 1870 ). Indeed, Darwin noted the same …
  • … bane of existence!’ ( letter to William Ogle, 9 November 1870 ). Researching expression: …
  • … spirits were white ( letter from W. W. Reade, 9 November 1870 ). Keen for more evidence of …
  • … hurting it much?’ ( letter to A. D. Bartlett, 5 January [1870] ). Darwin made a similar request of …
  • … not succeed’ ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 8 June [1870] ). Darwin’s queries were part …
  • … of a baby’s brows ( letter from L. C. Wedgwood, [5 May 1870] ). He also wrote to a leading Dutch …
  • … on this subject’  ( letter from F. C. Donders, 17 May 1870 ). Human evolution: debates and …
  • … more fully in a collection of essays published in April 1870 (Wallace 1870a). Wallace wrote to …
  • … naturalist’ (letter to A. R.Wallace, 26 January [1870]). Despite their increasing …
  • … in one sense rivals’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 20 April [1870] ). Darwin alluded here to the …
  • … No one but yourself’ ( letter from H. W. Bates, 20 May 1870 ). Darwin very rarely used the …
  • … never  write reviews’ ( letter to H. W. Bates, [22 May 1870] ). St George Jackson Mivart …
  • … to answer objectors’ ( letter to W. H. Flower, 25 March [1870] ). In his letters to Mivart, Darwin …
  • … on the Primates’ ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 23 April [1870] ). He also tried to recruit Mivart’s …
  • … lump of granite’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 22 April 1870 ). Mivart hinted that his …
  • … his “origin” ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 25 April 1870 ). In his critical essays (later revised …
  • … Charles Darwin et ses précurseurs français  (Quatrefages 1870), that gave a detailed account, as …
  • … many others’  ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 28 May [1870] ). Quatrefages had …
  • … discord’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 30 March 1870 ). In proposing Darwin for election, …
  • … them’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870 ). The assertion had been made by Emile …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Brooke, C.A.J. 30 Nov 1870 Sarawak, Borneo …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 15 March 1870 West Riding …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 18 March 1870 Down, Kent, …
  • … Donders, F.C. 27 May 1870 Utrecht, Netherlands …
  • … Forbes, David 13 June 1870 Portman Square, London W. …
  • … Nicol, Patrick 13 May 1870 Sussex Lunatic Asylum, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. [c.8 or 9 Apr 1870] Accra, West …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 4 June 1870 Lagos, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 3 Sept 1870 Conservative Club, St …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 9 Nov 1870 11 St Mary Abbot's …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [25 May 1870] Bedford, Cape of Good …
  • … Weir, J.J. 27 June 1870 Blackheath, London, England …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before …
  • … Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September 1870] Darwin asks Murray to …
  • … Letter 7177 - Cupples, G. to Darwin, [29 April 1870] George Cupples tells Darwin about a …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … honours in the natural sciences tripos in December 1870. The small amount of surviving …
  • … I appear to you’ (letter to Francis Darwin,  18 October [1870] ). Subsequently Francis …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … behaviour of her dog (letter from J. L. Gray, 14 February 1870 ), she also passed on information …

Casting about: Darwin on worms

Summary

Earthworms were the subject of a citizen science project to map the distribution of earthworms across Britain (BBC Today programme, 26 May 2014). The general understanding of the role earthworms play in improving soils and providing nutrients for plants to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … on my mind’ ( letter to W. T. Preyer, 17 February [1870 ])) that without earthworms aerating the …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … more litters & no happy results”, he wrote on 26 April 1870 . In the following year, Galton …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of Descent (letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Audio of more …

Darwin and Gender Projects by Harvard Students

Summary

Working in collaboration with Professor Sarah Richardson and Dr Myrna Perez, Darwin Correspondence Project staff developed a customised set of 'Darwin and Gender' themed resources for a course on Gender, Sex and Evolution first taught at Harvard…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grateful I shall be.”(Letter to Darwin, H. E., [8 Feb 1870] ) Although Miranda acknowledges that …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … ideas to humans.  After his election as MP for Maidstone in 1870, Lubbock tried at Darwin’s request …
  • … Lubbock’s Origin of civilisation , published in 1870 as Darwin was completing Descent, was …
  • … good of my internal viscera’ ( to John Lubbock, 21 July [1870] ). It seems what principally gave …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … you owe any more … Darwin to his son Francis, 1870. …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7179 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [5 May 1870] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, …
  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … & I feel deeply for you. ( Letter to F. C. Donders, 19 May 1870 )     …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …
  • … Letter 7329 – Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7314 - Kovalevsky, S. to Darwin, [1 September 1870] Sophia Kovalevsky accepts …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7145 : Darwin to Cobbe, F. P. 23 March [1870?] Darwin met the religious writer and …
  • … Letter 7149 : Cobbe, F. P. to Darwin, 28 March [1870?] "I more than suspect you of a …

Power of movement in plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Family experiments Darwin was an active and engaged father during his children's youth, involving them in his experiments and even occasionally using them as observational subjects. When his children…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 7346 - Darwin to Francis Darwin, 18 October 1870 Darwin writes to Francis to …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the basis for a new German edition (Bronn and Carus trans. 1870), prepared by Julius Victor Carus, …
  • … own evolutionary views and critical commentary (Royer trans. 1870). Darwin complained to Hooker, …
  • … work some hours daily’ ( letter to Anton Dohrn, 4 January 1870 ). Darwin’s health was generally …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Morning Star in 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75, 1 February 1872, p. 66). The …
  • … of a prize for a humane trap ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). The prize was still …
  • … England and Wales every night ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). Under these circumstances, …
  • … Star , 8 December 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). 5 Animal baiting, …
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