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From J. D. Hooker   [7 March 1870]

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Summary

Does not give much for botanical results of Round Island, but the zoology is wonderful.

Lyell’s new book [The student’s elements of geology (1870)]. Urges Lyell to make it Elementary principles.

Grove is disgusted with CD for being disquieted by William Thomson: "Take another dose of Huxley’s penultimate address to Geol. Soc." [Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 25 (1869): 28–53].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [7 Mar 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 42–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6646

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [7 March 1870] …
  • … DAR 103: 42–5 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [7 Mar 1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Press. 1985–. Hooker, Joseph Dalton. 1870. The student’s flora of the British Islands. …
  • … The student’s elements of geology (1870)]. Urges Lyell to make it Elementary principles . …
  • … the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 21 February [1870], and by the reference to CD’s being in …
  • … The Darwins came to London on 5 March 1870 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). The first …
  • … dated 17 November 1869 and 13 January 1870 (Archives of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, DC …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker to Emma Darwin, 29 March 1870, and this volume, letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 21 February [1870]. The Darwins returned to Kent on 12 March (Emma Darwin’s …
  • … not meet during this visit ( see letter to Asa Gray, 15 March 1870 ). See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 21 February [1870]. Hooker refers to Round Island near Mauritius. Hooker …
  • … s flora of the British Islands ( Hooker 1870 ). Hooker refers to William Robert Grove, …

To F. C. Donders   3 June [1870]

Summary

Thanks FCD for information.

Hopes that translation of his paper will appear in Dublin Journal.

Notes experience of his son [Leonard Darwin] on engorgement of eyes with blood. Discusses secretion of tears when eye muscles are involuntarily contracted.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frans Cornelis (Franciscus Cornelius) Donders
Date:  3 June [1870]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7215

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To F.  C.  Donders   3 June [1870] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 June [1870] Frans Cornelis (Franciscus Cornelius) Donders …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letters from F.  C.  Donders, 27 May 1870  and …
  • … 28 May 1870 . See letters from F.   …
  • … C.  Donders, 27 May 1870  and …
  • … 28 May 1870 . …
  • … In his letter of 27 May 1870 , Donders summarised his article in Dutch on the action of …
  • … See letter from F.  C.  Donders, 27 May 1870  and n.  3. CD refers to Charles Bell; …
  • … see letter from F.  C.  Donders, 17 May 1870  and n.  4. Leonard Darwin was at the Royal …
  • … CD refers to Donders’s letter of 28 May 1870 . He discussed whether mere retching produced …

To H. E. Darwin   [March] 1870

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Summary

Responds to her suggested corrections [of Descent].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  [Mar] 1870
Classmark:  DAR 185: 58
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7123

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To H.  E.  Darwin   [March] 1870
  • … DAR 185: 58 Charles Robert Darwin unstated [Mar] 1870 Henrietta Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma …
  • … of Descent ; see letter to H.  E.  Darwin, [8 February 1870], and letter from H.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [after 8 February 1870] . …
  • … Spring 1870 My dear Hen. I have worked through, (& it is hard work) half of the 2 d …
  • … the letter to H.  E.  Darwin, [8 February 1870], and the letter from Emma Darwin to H.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [25 March 1870] (DAR 219.9: 82), in which Emma asks Henrietta to write when …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   22 November 1870

Summary

Sofya Kovalevsky not admitted to University in Berlin.

Translating the four sheets CD sent. When will book [Descent] be printed?

Alexander [Kovalevsky] has gone to the Red Sea to study corals.

Will work on live Scalpellum at Naples in spring.

Bemoans England’s Prussian sympathies. Paris will fall without bombardment.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Nov 1870
Classmark:  DAR 169: 85
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7381

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From V.  O.  Kovalevsky   22 November 1870
  • … Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) Berlin 22 Nov 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the terms of the treaty. ( Annual Register (1870): 109 (United Kingdom); 154–221 (France); …
  • … siege by the Prussians in September 1870. In October, Otto von Bismarck had announced …
  • … rather than bombardment ( Annual Register (1870): 187). Sofia’s sister was Anna Korvin- …
  • … s last letter to CD is dated 11 October [1870]. Sofia Vasilyevna Kovalevskaya was studying …
  • … III, and Ightam Mote, from 13 to 20 October 1870 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Kovalevsky …
  • … Berlin 7. Georgienstrasse. 22 Nov.  1870. Dear Sir I did not write You such a long Time …
  • … from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 15 September 1870  and n.  2. Pescatori : fishermen (Italian). …
  • … for work in Egypt, see letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 28 February [1870] . The French …
  • … government declared war on Prussia in July 1870. French hopes that other German states …

To B. J. Sulivan   20 December [1870]

Summary

Thanks BJS for his congratulations [on Leonard Darwin’s success].

CD is "as usual, always ailing and grumbling".

Expects his new book [Descent] to "disgust you & many others".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Date:  20 Dec [1870]
Classmark:  Sulivan family (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7400

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To B.  J.  Sulivan   20 December [1870] …
  • … private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Dec [1870] Bartholomew James Sulivan …
  • … this letter and the letter from B.  J.  Sulivan, 17 December 1870 . See letter from B.   …
  • … J.  Sulivan, 17 December 1870 . Francis Darwin took third place in …
  • … class honours in the natural sciences tripos at Cambridge University in 1870 ( The Times , …
  • … 19 December 1870, p.  6). See letter from …
  • … B.  J.  Sulivan, 17 December 1870  and n.  5. CD refers to George Chaworth Musters. His …
  • … See letter from B.  J.  Sulivan, 17 December 1870 . CD refers to Thomas Edward Sulivan. …

McLachlan, Robert. 1870. On new forms, &c., of extra-European trichopterous insects. [Read 2 June 1870.] Journal of the Linnean Society of London (Zoology) 11 (1870–3): 98–141.

Matches: 3 hits

  • … McLachlan, Robert. 1870. On new forms, &c. , …
  • … of extra-European trichopterous insects. [Read 2 June 1870. ] Journal of …
  • … the Linnean Society of London ( Zoology ) 11 (1870–3): 98–141. https://archive.org/ …

Beale, Lionel Smith. 1870. Lecture on medical progress: in memoriam R. B. Todd. British Medical Journal, 14 May 1870, pp. 485–8; 21 May 1870, pp. 513–15.

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Beale, Lionel Smith. 1870. Lecture on medical progress: in memoriam R. …
  • … B. Todd. British Medical Journal , 14 May 1870, pp. …
  • … 485–8; 21 May 1870, pp. 513–15. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25218931 http://www.jstor.org/ …

Hyatt, Alpheus. 1870. On reversions among the ammonites. [Read 5 October 1870.] Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History 14 (1870–1): 22–43.

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Hyatt, Alpheus. 1870. On reversions among the …
  • … ammonites. [Read 5 October 1870. ] Proceedings of …
  • … the Boston Society of Natural History 14 (1870–1): 22–43. WBB4 Q382.c.100.13 20,25 …

M’Nab, William Ramsay. 1870. Experiments on the transpiration of watery fluid by leaves. [Read 10 November 1870.] Transactions of the Botanical Society [of Edinburgh] 11 (1870–3): 45–65.

Matches: 3 hits

  • … M’Nab, William Ramsay. 1870. Experiments on the transpiration of watery …
  • … fluid by leaves. [Read 10 November 1870. ] Transactions …
  • … of the Botanical Society [of Edinburgh] 11 (1870–3): 45–65. SF5 P370.c.105.7 21 …

Mivart, St George Jackson. 1870. On the axial skeleton of the Urodela. Read 28 April 1870. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (1870): 260–78.

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Mivart, St George Jackson. 1870. On the axial skeleton of …
  • … the Urodela. Read 28 April 1870. Proceedings …
  • … of the Zoological Society of London (1870): 260–78. PR3 P384.b.21.40 (project shelves) 18 …

From Francis Darwin   [before 5 December 1870]

Summary

Sends list of bills.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 5 Dec 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7387G

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [before 5 December 1870] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 13 Francis Darwin Cambridge [before 5 Dec 1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … this letter and the letter to Francis Darwin, 5 December [1870] ( Correspondence vol. 18). …
  • … ordered his tennis bill to be sent in October 1870 (see this volume, Supplement, letter …
  • … from Francis Darwin [after 18 October 1870]). CD sent £50 (see Correspondence vol. …
  • … 18, letter to Francis Darwin, 5 December [1870] ; see also this volume, Supplement, second …
  • … letter from Francis Darwin, [before 5 December 1870] ). …

To John Tyndall   8 September 1870

Summary

CD finds JT’s discourse "grand and most interesting" [On the scientific use of the imagination (1870)]. Flattered by what JT says about him.

He is "a rash man to say a good word for Pangenesis for it has hardly a friend among naturalists".

CD is much struck with what JT says about "pondering" and delighted by his "as if" argument.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Tyndall
Date:  8 Sept 1870
Classmark:  The Michael Faraday Museum at the Royal Institution of Great Britain, London, reference RI MS JT/2/10/458, spine title: Journal V111A 1858–71
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7319

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To John Tyndall   8 September 1870
  • … spine title: Journal V111A 1858–71 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Sept 1870 John Tyndall …
  • … On the scientific use of the imagination (1870)]. Flattered by what JT says about him. He …
  • … Down. | Beckenham | Kent. S.E. Sep 8 th . 1870 My dear Tyndall Your whole discourse …
  • … CD refers to Tyndall 1870 . See …
  • … letter from John Tyndall, 7 September 1870 . CD’s hypothesis of pangenesis was presented …
  • … has there its special seed’ ( Tyndall 1870 , p.  32). Tyndall used the expression ‘as if’ …
  • … based on the same ‘as if’ principle ( Tyndall 1870 , p.  10). For Tyndall’s discussion of …
  • … particles of our sky’ appears in Tyndall 1870 , p.  26. The quotation from Alexander von …
  • … University Press. 2004. Tyndall, John. 1870. On the scientific use of the imagination: a …
  • … on Friday evening, 16th September 1870. London: Longmans, Green & Co. Variation : The …

From William Farr   16 July 1870

Summary

Discusses the Census Bill and CD’s attempt to get questions on consanguineous marriage added to the census.

Author:  William Farr
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 July 1870
Classmark:  DAR 164: 32
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7279

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From William Farr   16 July 1870
  • … DAR 164: 32 William Farr General Register Office 16 July 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … s diary (DAR 242), Farr visited CD on 10 July 1870. Farr refers to Samuel Buckley Ruggles. …
  • … cousin marriages into the census. See letter to William Farr, 17 July [1870] . The second …
  • … reading of the bill was on 22 July 1870 ( Hansard parliamentary debates 3d ser. , …
  • … vol.  203 (1870), cols.  805–18). The Monday following 16 July was …
  • … in committee by John Lubbock on 26 July 1870, read, ‘Amendment proposed, in page 2, line …
  • … General Register Office | Somerset House 1870 July 16 My dear Sir Will you be good enough …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   5 October 1870

Summary

Forwards Alexander Kovalevsky’s letter [7326] with the information on the vertebrate character of ascidian larvae.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Oct 1870
Classmark:  DAR 169: 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7334

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From V.  O.  Kovalevsky   5 October 1870
  • … Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) Sandown 5 Oct 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the Darwins at some point between 15 August and 1 September 1870 (see letter from V.   …
  • … O.  Kovalevsky, 15 August [1870] , and letter from S.  V.  Kovalevskaya …
  • … and V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 1 September 1870). For Alexander Onufrievich Kovalevsky’s account …
  • … from A.  O.  Kovalevsky, 25 September 1870. CD evidently gave copies of his monographs on …
  • … from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 20 September 1870 ). Kovalevsky had been in England since mid- …
  • … see letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 15 August [1870] ). He and his wife, Sofia Vasilyevna …
  • … Sandown 5 Octob.  1870. Dear Sir I communicated the wish You expressed to put in Your new …

From Francis Galton   22 March 1870

Summary

Variety in rabbits less than he hoped for; will try a new mode of transfusion.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Mar 1870
Classmark:  DAR 105: 9–10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7143

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Francis Galton   22 March 1870
  • … DAR 105: 9–10 Francis Galton London, Rutland Gate, 42 22 Mar 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letters from Francis Galton, 15 March 1870  and n.   …
  • … 2, and 17 March 1870 . …
  • … 42 Rutland Gate. S.W. March 22. 1870 My dear Darwin Another litter;— this time of 4,— and …

To W. B. Tegetmeier   15 July [1870]

Summary

WBT may use any of CD’s material for the new edition of his poultry book. Hopes WBT will keep firmly to his idea of working out pigeon variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  15 July [1870]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7275

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To W.  B.  Tegetmeier   15 July [1870] …
  • … Cox Collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 July [1870] William Bernhard Tegetmeier …
  • … from W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 14 July 1870. Tegetmeier was pigeon and poultry editor of the …
  • … this letter and the letter from W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 14 July 1870. See letter from W.   …
  • … B.  Tegetmeier, 14 July 1870 and n.  3. See letter …
  • … from W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 14 July 1870 and n.  1. See letter …
  • … from W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 14 July 1870 and n.   2. See letter …

To L. H. Morgan   11 August [1870]

Summary

Thanks LHM for concluding chapter [to Systems of consanguinity and affinity of the human family (1871)]. Agrees that it is important to study the habits and institutions of savages.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Lewis Henry Morgan
Date:  11 Aug [1870]
Classmark:  Dept of Rare Books, Special Collections and Preservation, University of Rochester
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7300

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To L.  H.  Morgan   11 August [1870] …
  • … of Descent to the printers on 9 August ( see letter to Mr Dorrell, 9 August 1870 ). …
  • … University of Rochester Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Aug [1870] Lewis Henry Morgan …
  • … this letter and the letter from L.  H.  Morgan, 9 August 1870. See letter from L.   …
  • … H.  Morgan, 9 August 1870 and n.  2. See letter …
  • … from L.  H.  Morgan, 9 August 1870; CD visited William Erasmus Darwin in …
  • … Southampton from Saturday 13 to 26 August 1870 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). CD had sent …

To H. W. Bates   [22 May 1870]

Summary

Explains why he has declined writing a review for Messrs Appleton.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  [22 May 1870]
Classmark:  The British Library (Surrogate RP 8018/1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7765F

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To H.  W.  Bates   [22 May 1870] …
  • … Library (Surrogate RP 8018/1) Charles Robert Darwin [22 May 1870] Henry Walter Bates …
  • … letter, the letter from C.  E.  C.  B.  Appleton, 18 May [1870] , and the letter from H.   …
  • … W.  Bates, 20 May 1870 , and by the dates of CD’s visit to Cambridge. …
  • … during CD’s trip to Cambridge was 22 May 1870 (see n.  3, below). See letter from C.   …
  • … E.  C.  B.  Appleton, 18 May [1870] . CD’s reply to Charles Edward Cutts Birchall Appleton …
  • … CD was in Cambridge from 20 to 24 May 1870 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). These letters …
  • … See letter from H.  W.  Bates, 20 May 1870  and n.  3. The text, taken from dealers’ …

From E. A. Darwin   19 [December 1870]

Summary

Has received a letter, and two packets of securities.

Comments on George’s escape.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 [Dec 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B69–70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7066

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   19 [December 1870] …
  • … DAR 105: B69–70 Erasmus Alvey Darwin unstated 19 [Dec 1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … shares into stock ( The Times , 4 November 1870, p.  7). The ‘two packets of certificates’ …
  • … letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 21 [December 1870] , and CD’s Investment book (Down House MS), …
  • … Manual, Shareholders’ Guide and Official Directory 1870). George was a member of the …
  • … expedition to observe the solar eclipse from Sicily ( The Times , 9 December 1870, p.  7). …
  • … a rock off Catania, Italy, on 15 December 1870; the instruments and the expedition party …
  • … were saved, but their personal effects lost (see The Times , 19 December 1870, p.   …
  • … 5, and 28 December 1870, p.  3). There is a letter from Henrietta Emma Darwin to George, …

To Joseph Dalton Hooker   21 February [1870]

Summary

Has read the notes on Rond [Round] Island which he owes to JDH. What an enigma its flora and fauna present, especially the problem of monocotyledons! Asks JDH’s opinion.

A new book on St Helena confirms CD’s observations.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 Feb [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 164–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7115

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Joseph Dalton Hooker   21 February [1870] …
  • … DAR 94: 164–6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Feb [1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … on the summit of Round Island ( Barkly  1870 , p.  101). CD refers to The geology of St …
  • … Bibliography Barkly, Henry. 1870. Notes on the flora and fauna of Round …
  • … Mauritius almanac and colonial register for 1870. Edited by John B. Kyshe. Mauritius: [ …
  • … 30 December 1869 and published in the Mauritius almanac and colonial register for 1870 ( …
  • … Barkly 1870 ). The proof-sheets, corrected by Barkly and annotated by CD, are in the …
  • … Alvey Darwin from 5 March to 12 March 1870 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Round Island, …
  • … to 14, the established norms in the tropics being 1 to 5 ( Barkly 1870 , p.  95). Barkly …
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Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The …
  • … machine’  ( letter to Charles Lyell, 25 December [1870] ). Finishing Descent; …
  • … some weeks’  ( letter to Albert Günther, 13 January [1870] ). Darwin was still working hard on …
  • … I shall be’  ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). She had previously read proof-sheets …
  • … shd. turn parson?’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Henrietta disagreed: ‘Certainly …
  • … of man!’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [after 8 February 1870] ). Darwin was also encouraged …
  • … sense of mankind’ ( letter to F. P. Cobbe, 23 March [1870?] ). Cobbe accused Darwin of smiling in …
  • … great philosophy?’ ( letter from F. P. Cobbe, 28 March [1870?] ). Humans as animals: ears …
  • … [1868] ; this volume, letter to Thomas Woolner, 10 March [1870] ). Darwin included Woolner’s …
  • … findings ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 15 March 1870 ). Indeed, Darwin noted the same …
  • … bane of existence!’ ( letter to William Ogle, 9 November 1870 ). Researching expression: …
  • … spirits were white ( letter from W. W. Reade, 9 November 1870 ). Keen for more evidence of …
  • … hurting it much?’ ( letter to A. D. Bartlett, 5 January [1870] ). Darwin made a similar request of …
  • … not succeed’ ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 8 June [1870] ). Darwin’s queries were part …
  • … of a baby’s brows ( letter from L. C. Wedgwood, [5 May 1870] ). He also wrote to a leading Dutch …
  • … on this subject’  ( letter from F. C. Donders, 17 May 1870 ). Human evolution: debates and …
  • … more fully in a collection of essays published in April 1870 (Wallace 1870a). Wallace wrote to …
  • … naturalist’ (letter to A. R.Wallace, 26 January [1870]). Despite their increasing …
  • … in one sense rivals’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 20 April [1870] ). Darwin alluded here to the …
  • … No one but yourself’ ( letter from H. W. Bates, 20 May 1870 ). Darwin very rarely used the …
  • … never  write reviews’ ( letter to H. W. Bates, [22 May 1870] ). St George Jackson Mivart …
  • … to answer objectors’ ( letter to W. H. Flower, 25 March [1870] ). In his letters to Mivart, Darwin …
  • … on the Primates’ ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 23 April [1870] ). He also tried to recruit Mivart’s …
  • … lump of granite’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 22 April 1870 ). Mivart hinted that his …
  • … his “origin” ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 25 April 1870 ). In his critical essays (later revised …
  • … Charles Darwin et ses précurseurs français  (Quatrefages 1870), that gave a detailed account, as …
  • … many others’  ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 28 May [1870] ). Quatrefages had …
  • … discord’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 30 March 1870 ). In proposing Darwin for election, …
  • … them’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870 ). The assertion had been made by Emile …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Brooke, C.A.J. 30 Nov 1870 Sarawak, Borneo …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 15 March 1870 West Riding …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 18 March 1870 Down, Kent, …
  • … Donders, F.C. 27 May 1870 Utrecht, Netherlands …
  • … Forbes, David 13 June 1870 Portman Square, London W. …
  • … Nicol, Patrick 13 May 1870 Sussex Lunatic Asylum, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. [c.8 or 9 Apr 1870] Accra, West …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 4 June 1870 Lagos, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 3 Sept 1870 Conservative Club, St …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 9 Nov 1870 11 St Mary Abbot's …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [25 May 1870] Bedford, Cape of Good …
  • … Weir, J.J. 27 June 1870 Blackheath, London, England …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before …
  • … Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September 1870] Darwin asks Murray to …
  • … Letter 7177 - Cupples, G. to Darwin, [29 April 1870] George Cupples tells Darwin about a …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … honours in the natural sciences tripos in December 1870. The small amount of surviving …
  • … I appear to you’ (letter to Francis Darwin,  18 October [1870] ). Subsequently Francis …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … behaviour of her dog (letter from J. L. Gray, 14 February 1870 ), she also passed on information …

Casting about: Darwin on worms

Summary

Earthworms were the subject of a citizen science project to map the distribution of earthworms across Britain (BBC Today programme, 26 May 2014). The general understanding of the role earthworms play in improving soils and providing nutrients for plants to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … on my mind’ ( letter to W. T. Preyer, 17 February [1870 ])) that without earthworms aerating the …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … more litters & no happy results”, he wrote on 26 April 1870 . In the following year, Galton …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of Descent (letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Audio of more …

Darwin and Gender Projects by Harvard Students

Summary

Working in collaboration with Professor Sarah Richardson and Dr Myrna Perez, Darwin Correspondence Project staff developed a customised set of 'Darwin and Gender' themed resources for a course on Gender, Sex and Evolution first taught at Harvard…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grateful I shall be.”(Letter to Darwin, H. E., [8 Feb 1870] ) Although Miranda acknowledges that …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … ideas to humans.  After his election as MP for Maidstone in 1870, Lubbock tried at Darwin’s request …
  • … Lubbock’s Origin of civilisation , published in 1870 as Darwin was completing Descent, was …
  • … good of my internal viscera’ ( to John Lubbock, 21 July [1870] ). It seems what principally gave …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … you owe any more … Darwin to his son Francis, 1870. …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7179 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [5 May 1870] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, …
  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … & I feel deeply for you. ( Letter to F. C. Donders, 19 May 1870 )     …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …
  • … Letter 7329 – Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7314 - Kovalevsky, S. to Darwin, [1 September 1870] Sophia Kovalevsky accepts …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7145 : Darwin to Cobbe, F. P. 23 March [1870?] Darwin met the religious writer and …
  • … Letter 7149 : Cobbe, F. P. to Darwin, 28 March [1870?] "I more than suspect you of a …

Power of movement in plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Family experiments Darwin was an active and engaged father during his children's youth, involving them in his experiments and even occasionally using them as observational subjects. When his children…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 7346 - Darwin to Francis Darwin, 18 October 1870 Darwin writes to Francis to …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the basis for a new German edition (Bronn and Carus trans. 1870), prepared by Julius Victor Carus, …
  • … own evolutionary views and critical commentary (Royer trans. 1870). Darwin complained to Hooker, …
  • … work some hours daily’ ( letter to Anton Dohrn, 4 January 1870 ). Darwin’s health was generally …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Morning Star in 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75, 1 February 1872, p. 66). The …
  • … of a prize for a humane trap ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). The prize was still …
  • … England and Wales every night ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). Under these circumstances, …
  • … Star , 8 December 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). 5 Animal baiting, …
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