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To J. D. Hooker   9 May [1856]

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Summary

Lyell urges CD to publish a sketch of species theory; CD asks JDH’s opinion on best course.

Concerned about opposition, particularly by Owen, to Huxley’s admission to Athenaeum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 May [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 161
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1870

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DCP-LETT-1870

From J. D. Hooker   24 September 1870

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Summary

Reports on the 1870 BAAS meeting at Liverpool. Huxley’s address was over the heads of the laymen.

Tyndall’s was eloquent to listen to, disappointing to read.

George Rolleston’s "Rococo" address [Nature 2 (1870): 423–7, 442–6].

Murchison.

Lyell.

Has done an immense lot of work.

Regrets CD has not kept the simple title "Origin of man" [for Descent].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Sept 1870
Classmark:  DAR 103: 57–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7323

Matches: 23 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   24 September 1870
  • … DAR 103: 57–9 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 24 Sept 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Reports on the 1870 BAAS meeting at Liverpool. Huxley’s address was over the heads of the …
  • … Rolleston’s "Rococo" address [ Nature 2 (1870): 423–7, 442–6]. Murchison. Lyell. Has done …
  • … Bibliography Murchison, Roderick Impey. 1870. Address to the geography section. Report of …
  • … Science; held at Liverpool in September 1870 , Transactions of the sections, pp. 158–66. …
  • … in Liverpool from 14 to 21 September 1870 (see Report of the 40th meeting of the British …
  • … the presidential address on 14 September 1870 (T.  H.  Huxley 1870c). The topic of Huxley’ …
  • … On the title of the book, see the letter to John Murray, [after 1 July 1870] and n.  2. …
  • … Franco-Prussian War had broken out in July 1870 (see Wawro 2003 ). The Captain , a turret- …
  • … ship with a crew of 500, was lost at sea on 7 September 1870; there were only 20  …
  • … survivors (see Annual Register 1870). …
  • … University Press. 2004. Tyndall, John. 1870. On the scientific use of the imagination: a …
  • … at Liverpool, on Friday evening, 16th September 1870. London: Longmans, Green & Co. Wawro, …
  • … war: the German conquest of France in 1870–1871. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. …
  • … T.  H.  Huxley 1870c, p.  lxxxiii). See letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 8 July [1870] and n.   …
  • … 9, and 12 July [1870] . The reference is to Lay sermons, addresses, and reviews (T.  H.   …
  • … s address, ‘On the scientific use of the imagination’ ( Tyndall 1870 ). CD had read proofs …
  • … see letter to John Tyndall, 8 September 1870 ). George Rolleston was president of the …
  • … and ethnology section (see Murchison 1870 ). Hooker refers to the Hebrew prophet Elijah …
  • … appeared in The Times , 19 September 1870, p.  12; the title was given as ‘The social and …
  • … member of the British Association in 1870 ( Report of the 40th meeting of the British …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [31 May 1870] ). Frances Harriet Hooker. William Erasmus …

To J. D. Hooker   27 September [1870]

Summary

Comments on JDH’s report of Liverpool meeting.

Huxley’s address.

Sir Roderick [Murchison]’s "apotheosis".

Tyndall’s lecture is "grand" except for egotistical beginning. Some Frenchmen have pitched into CD for using the "as if" reasoning, which Tyndall shows is justified.

Has just read George Rolleston’s address in Nature.

Anton Dohrn says German public have high opinion of Lyell.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  27 Sept [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 181–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7328

Matches: 20 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   27 September [1870] …
  • … DAR 94: 181–3 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Sept [1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … and George Howard Darwin to visit Kew. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 September 1870 . …
  • … New York: Springer Verlag. Tyndall, John. 1870. On the scientific use of the imagination: …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 September 1870 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 September 1870  and n.  3. The annual meeting of the British Association …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 September 1870 . CD refers to Anton Dohrn. Dohrn’s …
  • … at Liverpool, on Friday evening, 16th September 1870. London: Longmans, Green & Co. …
  • … generation, was published in Nature 2 (1870): 400–6. CD refers to Roderick Impey …
  • … Murchison. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 September 1870  and n.  7. The …
  • … address, ‘On the scientific use of the imagination’ ( Tyndall 1870 ). See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 September 1870  and n.  5. George Howard Darwin. In a debate over his …
  • … that were not demonstrable. See Revue des Cours Scientifiques , 23 July 1870, p.  529, and …
  • … the summary of the French debate in Nature 2 (1870): 298 and 309. …
  • … See also letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870 and n.   …
  • … 6, and letter to John Tyndall, 8 September 1870  and n.  3. …
  • … CD refers to George Rolleston and to Rolleston 1870. The first portion …
  • … of Rolleston’s address was published in Nature 2 (1870): 423–8. See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 September 1870  and n.  6. Hooker had tried to discover whether seed from a …
  • … in Rolleston’s address (see Rolleston 1870, p.  98). The enclosure has not been found. CD …

From H. W. Bates   20 May 1870

Summary

Concern over Wallace’s book [Contributions to the theory of natural selection (1870)] and its apparent backsliding from Darwinian theory. HWB suggests that only CD is capable of criticising the book.

HWB hopes not too much was made over his few comments on man in M. F. Somerville’s book [Physical geography, revised ed. (1870)].

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 May 1870
Classmark:  DAR 160: 88
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7197

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From H.  W.  Bates   20 May 1870
  • … DAR 160: 88 Henry Walter Bates R. Geogr. Soc. 20 May 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the sixth edition of Mary Somerville’s book Physical geography ( Somerville 1870 ). …
  • … Bibliography Somerville, Mary. 1870. Physical geography 6th edition. Revised by Henry …
  • … to the theory of natural selection (1870)] and its apparent backsliding from Darwinian …
  • … few comments on man in M. F. Somerville’s book [ Physical geography , revised ed. (1870)]. …
  • … letter from C.  E.  C.  B.  Appleton, 18 May [1870] and nn.  2 and 3. See letter from C.   …
  • … E.  C.  B.  Appleton, 18 May [1870] . CD was …
  • … in London from 5 to 12 March 1870 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Bates …
  • … Society | 15, Whitehall Place, S.W. May 20 1870 My dear Mr Darwin I have been having some …

From J. J. Weir   4 July 1870

Summary

On mutations in rabbits.

Cytisus case is not a double graft.

Aggressive behaviour of birds of prey.

Author:  John Jenner Weir
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 July 1870
Classmark:  DAR 181: 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7264

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From J.  J.  Weir   4 July 1870
  • … DAR 181: 83 John Jenner Weir Blackheath 4 July 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter from J.  J.  Weir, 27  June 1870 . Weir had suffered blood poisoning (see …
  • … letter from J.  J.  Weir, 27 June 1870 ). …
  • … See letter from J.  J.  Weir, 27 June 1870  and letter to J.   …
  • … J.  Weir, 29 June [1870] . See letter from J.   …
  • … J.  Weir, 27 June 1870  and letter to J.   …
  • … J.  Weir, 29 June [1870] . Weir’s brother was Harrison Weir. His gardener has not been …
  • … 6 Haddo Villas | Blackheath SE 4 July 1870 My Dear Sir I regret that I was not …

To R. A. von Kölliker   14 June 1870

Summary

Thanks for RAvK’s work [Anatomisch-systematische Beschreibung der Alcyonarien, pt 1, Die Pennatuliden (1870)].

Asks whether muscles to quills of porcupine are striped. Are they homologous to muscles of ordinary hairs? Could unstriped muscles develop into striped?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Rudolf Albert von Kölliker
Date:  14 June 1870
Classmark:  DAR 146: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7230

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To R.  A.  von Kölliker   14 June 1870
  • … DAR 146: 22 Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 June 1870 Rudolf Albert von Kölliker …
  • … pp.  102–3. Kölliker visited Down on 15 April 1870 (see letters from Albert Günther, [ c. …
  • … 9 April 1870] and …
  • … 12 April 1870). …
  • … Alcyonarien , pt 1, Die Pennatuliden (1870)]. Asks whether muscles to quills of porcupine …
  • … 1: 18–28. Kölliker, Rudolf Albert von. 1870. Anatomisch-systematische Beschreibung der …
  • … Down. | Beckenham Kent. S.E. June 14. 1870. My dear Sir. I received two days ago from the …
  • … an offprint of the first part ( Kölliker 1870 ) in the Darwin Library–Down. See letter to …
  • … R.  A.  von Kölliker, 18 April 1870 and n.  3. CD refers to Kölliker’s isolation of ‘ …

To J. D. Hooker   8 July [1870]

Summary

Thinks well of Claparède’s criticism; worth publishing as an answer to Wallace. Bates thinks Wallace’s heterodox views have done mischief to the cause of evolution. Wallace thinks Claparède’s article very weak, CD concludes, because Claparède has arrived at an unpleasant judgment very much like Lyell’s about Bentham’s address.

CD would wager Lyell lately has said something about European Proteaceae.

Does not remember anyone before Wallace on Sumatra and Java.

CD does not think he has a chance against Brandt in French Academy election.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 July [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 177–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7271

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   8 July [1870] …
  • … Johann Friedrich von Brandt. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [6 or 7 July 1870] and n.  5. …
  • … DAR 94: 177–8 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 July [1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … between this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 10 July 1870 . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 2 July [1870] and nn.  3 and 4. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [6 or 7 July 1870] and n.  3. CD refers to Edouard Claparède and …
  • … as applied to humans. See letter from H.  W.  Bates, 20 May 1870  and n.  1. See letter …
  • … from A.  R.  Wallace, 6 July 1870  and n.  3. CD refers to Charles Lyell and George …
  • … Bentham. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 July [1870] and n.  7, and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [6 or 7 July 1870] . CD refers to Friedrich Anton Wilhelm Miquel. See …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [6 or 7 July 1870] and n.  7. CD refers to Brian Houghton …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [6 or 7 July 1870] and n.  8. Thomas Henry Huxley had …
  • … Huxley’s observation in a letter of 2 May 1870 (Huxley papers MS 10.238 (Imperial College …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   12 December [1870]

Summary

Progress on his Russian translation of Descent.

Alexander Kovalevsky is at Tor in Sinai, where C. G. Ehrenberg was in 1827.

Has CD seen Ernst Haeckel’s new book [Biologische Studien (1870–7)]?

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Dec [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 169: 68
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7389

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From V.  O.  Kovalevsky   12 December [1870] …
  • … Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) Berlin 12 Dec [1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … was in 1827. Has CD seen Ernst Haeckel’s new book [ Biologische Studien (1870–7)]? …
  • … Down in late August and early October 1870 (see Correspondence vol. 18, Appendix II). …
  • … Ernst Haeckel’s Biologische Studien ( Haeckel 1870–7 ) was a collection of earlier works. …
  • … Kovalevsky refers to Haeckel 1870–7 , 1: 119–27; amylum is starch. …
  • … from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 22 November 1870 . Kovalevsky was preparing a Russian translation …
  • … See letter to John Murray, 26 September 1870  and n.  1. John Murray charged £14 for …
  • … letter from John Murray, 10 October [1870] ). Kovalevsky refers to Alexander Onufrievich …
  • … Scribner’s Sons. 1970–90. Haeckel, Ernst. 1870–7. Biologische Studien. 2 vols. Vol. 1: …
  • … letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 22 November 1870 . Ehrenberg took part in an expedition to …
  • … DSB ). See letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 15 September 1870  and n.  2. CD had visited …
  • … moated manor house in Kent, in October 1870 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Kovalevsky …

To C. W. Thomson   10 October 1870

Summary

Testimonial letter hoping that CWT will be successful in getting Chair of Natural History at Edinburgh.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Wyville Thomson
Date:  10 Oct 1870
Classmark:  C. W. Thomson 1870, p. 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7337

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To C.  W.  Thomson   10 October 1870
  • … C. W. Thomson 1870, p. …
  • … 10 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Oct 1870 Charles Wyville Thomson …
  • … see Correspondence vol. 18, letter from C.  W.  Thomson, 7 October 1870 and n.  2. …
  • … Thomson was appointed to the position on 7 November 1870 (see Swinney 1999 , p.  57). …
  • … 18, letter from C.  W.  Thomson, 7 October 1870. A draft of this letter was published in …
  • … vol. 18 with the date [after 7 October 1870]. This version is from a pamphlet containing a …
  • … that accompanied it ( C. W. Thomson 1870 ). Thomson participated in the voyages of HMS …
  • … Down, Beckenham, Kent, October 10th, 1870. My dear Sir,— I am very glad to hear that you …
  • … 11: 51–70. Thomson, Charles Wyville. 1870. Regius professorship of natural history in the …

From T. W. Wood   [after 26 June 1870]

Summary

Is surprised to find CD disagrees about the argus [see 7229]. TWW finds others he has consulted, including Edward Blyth, agree with him.

Author:  Thomas William Wood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 26 June 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 181: 146
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7211

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From T.  W.  Wood   [after 26 June 1870] …
  • … DAR 181: 146 Thomas William Wood unstated [after 26 June 1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Wood, Thomas W. 1870. The courtship of birds. …
  • … Student and Intellectual Observer 5 (1870–1): 113–25. …
  • … of birds in the Student and Intellectual Observer ( Wood 1870 ; see letter from T.   …
  • … W.  Wood, 14 June 1870). Wood refers to the gardens of the Zoological Society of London at …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letters from T.  W.  Wood, 14 June 1870 and …
  • … 16 June 1870, and by the mention of Wood’s missing CD at the Zoological Gardens on Sunday. …
  • … CD was in London from 24 June to 1 July 1870 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)); the only …
  • … Sunday in that period was 26 June. See letters from T.  W.  Wood, 14 June 1870 and …
  • … 16 June 1870. Edward Blyth. Wood refers …

From J. D. Hooker   [31 May 1870]

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Summary

Sends enclosure [a letter from Lady Lyell?]. He is choking with vanity.

Is going to send Willy to Mr La Touche in Salop; he brought up young Colenso and Frank Lyell. Some of his friends will think he is sending his son into a nest of young adders!

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [31 May 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 46; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Directors’ Correspondence 105: 236)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6964

Matches: 18 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [31 May 1870] …
  • … Correspondence 105: 236) Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [31 May 1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Lovell Reeve. Hooker, Joseph Dalton. 1870. The student’s flora of the British Islands. …
  • … and the relationship between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 [June 1870] . …
  • … The first Tuesday after 30 May 1870 was 31 May. The enclosure, from Hewett Cottrell …
  • … probably with CD’s letter of 2 [June 1870] . William Erasmus Darwin. William Henslow …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [22 May 1870] ). James Digues La Touche was the vicar of …
  • … distribution. Watson, Hewett Cottrell. 1870. A compendium of the Cybele Britannica: or …
  • … as a subspecies of C.  album ( Hooker 1870 , p.  316). The name Hypericum quadrangulum , …
  • … name for H.  quadrangulum (see Hooker 1870 , p.  69, and Robson 1990 , p.  136). Hypericum …
  • … Watson refers to The student’s flora of the British Islands ( Hooker 1870 ), published …
  • … in May 1870 ( Publishers’ …
  • … Circular (1870): 328). For …
  • … Hooker’s appendix of excluded species, see Hooker 1870 , pp.  475–80. Watson refers to …
  • … Britannica: or British plants in their geographical relations ( Watson 1870 , pp.  425–9). …
  • … The book appeared in November 1870 ( Publishers’ …
  • … Circular (1870): 762), but had already been privately …
  • … published in three parts between 1868 and 1870. CD’s annotated copy of the privately …

To J. V. Carus   18 August 1870

Summary

Has just sent MS of Descent to printers. Recognises that [because of Franco-Prussian War] the publisher will have given up idea of a German translation.

Though the war is a misfortune for science, CD rejoices at the wonderful success of Germany; has met no one who does not share this feeling.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  18 Aug 1870
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 60–61)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7305

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   18 August 1870
  • … Bl. 60–61) Charles Robert Darwin Bassett Down letterhead 18 Aug 1870 Julius Victor Carus …
  • … war: the German conquest of France in 1870–1871. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. …
  • … had been sent to the printers, William Clowes & Sons, on 9 August 1870 (see letter from …
  • … John Murray, 6 August [1870] , and letter to …
  • … Mr Dorrell, 9 August 1870 ; see also letter to J.   …
  • … J.  Moulinié, 18 August 1870). The Franco- …
  • … Prussian war had begun on 19 July 1870 ( Wawro 2003 , p.  65). The publishing firm E.   …
  • … in 1871 (Carus trans.  1871). See also letter to J.  J.  Moulinié, 18 August 1870. See …
  • … letter to Mr Dorrell, 9 August 1870 , and n.  2. …
  • … crossed the border into Prussia on 31 July 1870. Despite suffering heavy casualties, the …
  • … did not reach the British press until 19 August ( The Times , 19 August 1870, p.   10). …
  • … Kent. S.E. [Bassett, Southampton] Aug 18 1870 My dear Sir I have just sent the MS.  of my …

To W. W. Reade   30 June [1870]

Summary

Thanks WWR for information on the Nehro idea of beauty and other facts relating to expression.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Winwood Reade
Date:  30 June [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 79–80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7255

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To W.  W.  Reade   30 June [1870] …
  • … DAR 96: 79–80 Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 June [1870] William Winwood Reade …
  • … in Expression , pp.  143–4. See letter from W.  W.  Reade, 4 June 1870  and n.  7. …
  • … this letter and the letter from W.  W.  Reade, 4 June 1870 . See letter from W.  W.   …
  • … Reade, [ c. 8 or 9 April 1870]. See letter from W.   …
  • … W.  Reade, 4 June 1870 . Reade published The African sketch-book in 1873 ( Reade 1873 ). …
  • … See letter from W.  W.  Reade, 4 June 1870  and n.  4. …
  • … CD sent the manuscript of Descent to the printers in August 1870 ( letter to John …
  • … Murray, 5 [August 1870] ). Expression was published in November 1872 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (DAR …
  • … 158)). See letters from W.  W.  Reade, [ c. 8 or 9 April 1870] and n.   …
  • … 7, and 4 June 1870 and n.  14. The letter in which CD asked Reade about gorillas and …

From Thomas Henry Huxley   21 January 1870

Summary

Refers to "Devonshire Man"’s attack on him ["Professor Huxley’s last new theory", Pall Mall Gaz. 18 Jan 1870, p. 6]. His intention to answer – a waste, except for political bearing of Celt question ["Professor Huxley on Celts and Teutons", Pall Mall Gaz. 21 Jan 1870, p. 6].

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Jan 1870
Classmark:  DAR 166: 323
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7084

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From Thomas Henry Huxley   21 January 1870
  • … DAR 166: 323 Thomas Henry Huxley London, Abbey Place, 26 21 Jan 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … s last new theory", Pall Mall Gaz. 18 Jan 1870, p. 6]. His intention to answer – a waste, …
  • … Celt question ["Professor Huxley on Celts and Teutons", Pall Mall Gaz. 21 Jan 1870, p. 6]. …
  • … in the Pall Mall Gazette , 21 January 1870, p.  6. The Act for the Disestablishment of the …
  • … 26 Abbey Place Jan 21. 1870 My dear Darwin It is hard to resist an invitation of yours—but …
  • … come (see letter to Albert Günther, 16 January [1870] ). Huxley gave his presidential …
  • … address to the Geological Society of London on 18 February 1870 (T.  H.  Huxley  …
  • … Huxley had given a lecture on 9 January 1870 on ‘The forefathers and forerunners of the …
  • … in the Pall Mall Gazette , 10 January 1870, pp.  8–9. In the lecture, Huxley argued that …
  • … man’, published in the Pall Mall Gazette , 18 January 1870, p.  6; Huxley published …

To Edwin Ray Lankester   15 March [1870]

Summary

CD much interested by ERL’s book [On comparative longevity (1870)]. Is pleased to find ERL refers to CD’s "despised child" Pangenesis, and is also pleased how thoroughly ERL appreciates Herbert Spencer, a philosopher perhaps equal to any that has lived.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edwin Ray Lankester
Date:  15 Mar [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 249: 92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7135

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Edwin Ray Lankester   15 March [1870] …
  • … DAR 249: 92 Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 Mar [1870] Edwin Ray Lankester …
  • … by ERL’s book [ On comparative longevity (1870)]. Is pleased to find ERL refers to CD’s " …
  • … Bibliography Lankester, Edwin Ray. 1870. On comparative longevity in man and the lower …
  • … s On comparative longevity in man and the lower animals , which was published in 1870 ( …
  • … Lankester 1870 ). There …
  • … is an annotated copy of Lankester 1870  in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 482). …
  • … of pangenesis (see Variation 2: 357–404) in Lankester 1870 , pp.  30–1, 35. Lankester …
  • … units’ as an alternative to CD’s ‘gemmules’ in Lankester 1870 , pp.  32, 35–8. …

From John Murray   24 October [1870]

Summary

Sends table of sales [of Journal of researches]. 2000 copies sold since 1860.

Descent has gone to press for 2500 copies.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Oct [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 380
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7350

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From John Murray   24 October [1870] …
  • … DAR 171: 380 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50 24 Oct [1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 1 and 2, and 11 October [1870] and n.  3). Murray had agreed …
  • … of most of the illustrations in Descent (see letter from John Murray, 10 October [1870] ). …
  • … by the reference to Descent , which first went to press in 1870 (see n.  8, below). …
  • … See letter to John Murray, 22 October [1870] . Murray refers to the different editions of …
  • … see letter to John Murray, 22 October [1870] and n.  3). Journal of researches 2d ed.  was …
  • … researches (1852) , and Journal of researches (1860) . Journal of researches (1870) . See …
  • … letter to John Murray, 22 October [1870] . The references are to the first printing of …
  • … translations, and the US edition (letters to John Murray, 26 September 1870  and nn.   …
  • … John Murray. 1860. Journal of researches (1870): Journal of researches into the natural …
  • … Darwin. New edition. London: John Murray. 1870. Journal of researches 2d ed. : Journal of …

To P. L. Sclater   21 November [1870]

Summary

Sends two sheets [of Descent] for correction of names of birds. PLS will save him many disgraceful misspellings. Descent now being prepared in five foreign editions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Philip Lutley Sclater
Date:  21 Nov [1870]
Classmark:  Zoological Society of London (GB 0814 BADD (Darwin))
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7379

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To P.  L.  Sclater   21 November [1870] …
  • … L.  Youmans, 25 September 1870 ). …
  • … GB 0814 BADD (Darwin)) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Nov [1870] Philip Lutley Sclater …
  • … the letter to P.  L.  Sclater, 9 November 1870 . Sclater had offered to read the proof- …
  • … see letter to P.  L.  Sclater, 11 November [1870] and n.  2. William Clowes & Sons were …
  • … see letter from J.  V.  Carus, 2 October 1870 ); into French by Jean Jacques Moulinié ( …
  • … 1872; see letter to John Murray, 26 September 1870 ); into Russian by Vladimir Onufrievich …
  • … letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 22 November 1870 ; this translation was never published); …
  • … Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 27 November 1870 ). A US edition was also being prepared ( …
  • … Descent US ed. ; see letter from Asa Gray, 14 February 1870  and n.   5; letters from E.   …

To J. D. Hooker   2 July [1870]

Summary

Thanks JDH for offer of lilies.

The paper on orchids is by Hermann Müller [Verh. Naturhist. Ver. Preuss. Rheinlande & Westphalens 25 (1868): 1–62], on Platanthera and Epipactis.

Cites another work by P. Rohrbach [Über den Blüthenbau (1866)].

MS [of Descent] ready for printer.

Has read Bentham’s last Linnean Society [Presidential] Address [Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (1870): lxxiv–xciv] with great interest.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 July [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 175–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7261

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   2 July [1870] …
  • … DAR 94: 175–6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 July [1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … were numerous in Europe during Eocene times ( Bentham 1870 , pp.  lxxxiv–lxxxix). …
  • … Bibliography Bentham, George. 1870. Anniversary address. [ …
  • … Read 24 May 1870. ] Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 27: lxxiv–xciv. Müller, …
  • … Presidential] Address [ Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (1870): lxxiv–xciv] with great interest. …
  • … between this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 1 July 1870 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 1 July 1870 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 1 July 1870  and n.  3. CD refers to Hermann Müller’s observations on …
  • … CD visited London from 24 June to 1 July 1870, but did not visit Hooker (see ‘Journal’ ( …

From John Tyndall   7 September 1870

Summary

Sends CD proofs of a lecture he will give at Liverpool. Asks CD to check the part referring to him.

Élie de Beaumont’s remark, in which he requires CD to recant before being admitted to the [French] Academy, is intolerable. "This spirit has much to do with the present condition of France."

Author:  John Tyndall
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Sept 1870
Classmark:  DAR 106: C3–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7318

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From John Tyndall   7 September 1870
  • … DAR 106: C3–4 John Tyndall Folkestone 7 Sept 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See also the letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 23 August [1870] and nn.  5 and 6. …
  • … Tyndall alludes to the revolution of 1870 which brought an end to the Second Empire in …
  • … the British Association for the Advancement of Science in Liverpool on 16 September 1870 ( …
  • … Tyndall 1870 ). …
  • … See Tyndall 1870 , pp.  31–2. Tyndall was superintendent of the Royal Institution of …
  • … met CD during one of his visits to London in 1870. CD had sought medical advice from Henry …
  • … University Press. 2004. Tyndall, John. 1870. On the scientific use of the imagination: a …
  • … at Liverpool, on Friday evening, 16th September 1870. London: Longmans, Green & Co. …
  • … Folkestone 7 th Sept. r 1870 My dear Darwin I have asked Spottiswood & Co to send you the …
  • … see letter from H.  B.  Jones, 2 August 1870). The reference is to remarks by Léonce Elie …
  • … these ideas before electing him’; Revue des Cours Scientifiques , 23 July 1870, p.   529. …

From St G. J. Mivart   25 April 1870

Summary

Apologises for saying more than was necessary in his previous letter. Although he feels gratitude and esteem for CD, he execrates those who use natural selection to oppose man’s higher interests and impede his advance. Has seen Huxley’s Man’s place in nature for sale among a crowd of obscenities at most Italian railway stations.

Author:  St George Jackson Mivart
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Apr 1870
Classmark:  DAR 171: 187
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7173

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From St G.  J.  Mivart   25 April 1870
  • … 171: 187 St George Jackson Mivart London, North Bank, 7 25 Apr 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Mivart, St George Jackson. 1870. On the axial skeleton of …
  • … the Urodela. Read 28 April 1870. Proceedings …
  • … of the Zoological Society of London (1870): 260–78. …
  • … See letter from St G.  J.  Mivart, 22 April 1870 , and letter to St G.   …
  • … J.  Mivart, 23 April [1870] . Mivart refers to Thomas Henry Huxley and T.  H.  Huxley  …
  • … see letter to St G.  J.  Mivart, 21 April [1870] and n.  2, and letter from St G.  J.   …
  • … now Caudata: salamanders) was read at the Zoological Society of London on 28 April 1870 ( …
  • … Mivart 1870 ). …
  • … 7 North Bank | N.W. April 25 th 1870 My dear Sir, It is exceedingly kind of you to write …
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Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The …
  • … machine’  ( letter to Charles Lyell, 25 December [1870] ). Finishing Descent; …
  • … some weeks’  ( letter to Albert Günther, 13 January [1870] ). Darwin was still working hard on …
  • … I shall be’  ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). She had previously read proof-sheets …
  • … shd. turn parson?’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Henrietta disagreed: ‘Certainly …
  • … of man!’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [after 8 February 1870] ). Darwin was also encouraged …
  • … sense of mankind’ ( letter to F. P. Cobbe, 23 March [1870?] ). Cobbe accused Darwin of smiling in …
  • … great philosophy?’ ( letter from F. P. Cobbe, 28 March [1870?] ). Humans as animals: ears …
  • … [1868] ; this volume, letter to Thomas Woolner, 10 March [1870] ). Darwin included Woolner’s …
  • … findings ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 15 March 1870 ). Indeed, Darwin noted the same …
  • … bane of existence!’ ( letter to William Ogle, 9 November 1870 ). Researching expression: …
  • … spirits were white ( letter from W. W. Reade, 9 November 1870 ). Keen for more evidence of …
  • … hurting it much?’ ( letter to A. D. Bartlett, 5 January [1870] ). Darwin made a similar request of …
  • … not succeed’ ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 8 June [1870] ). Darwin’s queries were part …
  • … of a baby’s brows ( letter from L. C. Wedgwood, [5 May 1870] ). He also wrote to a leading Dutch …
  • … on this subject’  ( letter from F. C. Donders, 17 May 1870 ). Human evolution: debates and …
  • … more fully in a collection of essays published in April 1870 (Wallace 1870a). Wallace wrote to …
  • … naturalist’ (letter to A. R.Wallace, 26 January [1870]). Despite their increasing …
  • … in one sense rivals’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 20 April [1870] ). Darwin alluded here to the …
  • … No one but yourself’ ( letter from H. W. Bates, 20 May 1870 ). Darwin very rarely used the …
  • … never  write reviews’ ( letter to H. W. Bates, [22 May 1870] ). St George Jackson Mivart …
  • … to answer objectors’ ( letter to W. H. Flower, 25 March [1870] ). In his letters to Mivart, Darwin …
  • … on the Primates’ ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 23 April [1870] ). He also tried to recruit Mivart’s …
  • … lump of granite’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 22 April 1870 ). Mivart hinted that his …
  • … his “origin” ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 25 April 1870 ). In his critical essays (later revised …
  • … Charles Darwin et ses précurseurs français  (Quatrefages 1870), that gave a detailed account, as …
  • … many others’  ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 28 May [1870] ). Quatrefages had …
  • … discord’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 30 March 1870 ). In proposing Darwin for election, …
  • … them’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870 ). The assertion had been made by Emile …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Brooke, C.A.J. 30 Nov 1870 Sarawak, Borneo …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 15 March 1870 West Riding …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 18 March 1870 Down, Kent, …
  • … Donders, F.C. 27 May 1870 Utrecht, Netherlands …
  • … Forbes, David 13 June 1870 Portman Square, London W. …
  • … Nicol, Patrick 13 May 1870 Sussex Lunatic Asylum, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. [c.8 or 9 Apr 1870] Accra, West …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 4 June 1870 Lagos, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 3 Sept 1870 Conservative Club, St …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 9 Nov 1870 11 St Mary Abbot's …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [25 May 1870] Bedford, Cape of Good …
  • … Weir, J.J. 27 June 1870 Blackheath, London, England …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before …
  • … Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September 1870] Darwin asks Murray to …
  • … Letter 7177 - Cupples, G. to Darwin, [29 April 1870] George Cupples tells Darwin about a …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … honours in the natural sciences tripos in December 1870. The small amount of surviving …
  • … I appear to you’ (letter to Francis Darwin,  18 October [1870] ). Subsequently Francis …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … behaviour of her dog (letter from J. L. Gray, 14 February 1870 ), she also passed on information …

Casting about: Darwin on worms

Summary

Earthworms were the subject of a citizen science project to map the distribution of earthworms across Britain (BBC Today programme, 26 May 2014). The general understanding of the role earthworms play in improving soils and providing nutrients for plants to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … on my mind’ ( letter to W. T. Preyer, 17 February [1870 ])) that without earthworms aerating the …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … more litters & no happy results”, he wrote on 26 April 1870 . In the following year, Galton …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of Descent (letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Audio of more …

Darwin and Gender Projects by Harvard Students

Summary

Working in collaboration with Professor Sarah Richardson and Dr Myrna Perez, Darwin Correspondence Project staff developed a customised set of 'Darwin and Gender' themed resources for a course on Gender, Sex and Evolution first taught at Harvard…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grateful I shall be.”(Letter to Darwin, H. E., [8 Feb 1870] ) Although Miranda acknowledges that …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … ideas to humans.  After his election as MP for Maidstone in 1870, Lubbock tried at Darwin’s request …
  • … Lubbock’s Origin of civilisation , published in 1870 as Darwin was completing Descent, was …
  • … good of my internal viscera’ ( to John Lubbock, 21 July [1870] ). It seems what principally gave …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … you owe any more … Darwin to his son Francis, 1870. …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7179 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [5 May 1870] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, …
  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … & I feel deeply for you. ( Letter to F. C. Donders, 19 May 1870 )     …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …
  • … Letter 7329 – Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7314 - Kovalevsky, S. to Darwin, [1 September 1870] Sophia Kovalevsky accepts …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7145 : Darwin to Cobbe, F. P. 23 March [1870?] Darwin met the religious writer and …
  • … Letter 7149 : Cobbe, F. P. to Darwin, 28 March [1870?] "I more than suspect you of a …

Power of movement in plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Family experiments Darwin was an active and engaged father during his children's youth, involving them in his experiments and even occasionally using them as observational subjects. When his children…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 7346 - Darwin to Francis Darwin, 18 October 1870 Darwin writes to Francis to …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the basis for a new German edition (Bronn and Carus trans. 1870), prepared by Julius Victor Carus, …
  • … own evolutionary views and critical commentary (Royer trans. 1870). Darwin complained to Hooker, …
  • … work some hours daily’ ( letter to Anton Dohrn, 4 January 1870 ). Darwin’s health was generally …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Morning Star in 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75, 1 February 1872, p. 66). The …
  • … of a prize for a humane trap ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). The prize was still …
  • … England and Wales every night ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). Under these circumstances, …
  • … Star , 8 December 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). 5 Animal baiting, …
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