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From G. A. Gaskell   20 November 1878

Summary

Thanks CD for his encouraging letter. Replies to CD’s points. Thinks more attention should be given to the origin and growth of sexual shame.

Author:  George Arthur Gaskell
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Nov 1878
Classmark:  DAR 165: 13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11752

Matches: 3 hits

  • … committee’; the practice was in place by 1869 and is described in Noyes 1870 ( ANB ). …
  • … Contemporary Review 25: 189–96. Harte, Richard. 1870. On the laws and customs relating to …
  • … a meeting of the Dialectical Society ( Harte 1870 ); it was published by Edward Truelove. …

From W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   16 July 1878

Summary

Sends specimens.

Sensitive plants.

Author:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 July 1878
Classmark:  DAR 178: 103
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11612

Matches: 4 hits

  • … discussed Maranta zebrina in H. Müller 1873 , pp. 86–7, and referred to Hildebrand 1870. …
  • … you know in the Botanische Zeitung for 1870 on Calathea Have you noticed in Gard. Chron. …
  • … 11 (1868): 265–352; 12 (1869): 179–233; 13 (1870): 167–205; 17 (1874): 266–407. ] Müller, …
  • … on dichogamy ( Delpino 1868–75 ; see Hildebrand 1870, pp. 617–19 and table 10, figs. 2–9). …

From Alphonse de Candolle   10 August 1878

Summary

Congratulations on CD’s long-overdue election to the French Academy of Sciences.

Author:  Alphonse de Candolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Aug 1878
Classmark:  DAR 161: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11650

Matches: 3 hits

  • … n. 2). CD was nominated six times between 1870 and 1878 for membership of the zoological …
  • … section of the Académie des sciences in July 1870; some of the attacks against CD at this …
  • … 18, letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870 and n. 6). A. de Candolle and Candolle …

To Francis Darwin   17 July [1878]

Summary

Discusses sleep movements of Porlieria.

Has read an abstract of Julius Wiesner on heliotropism and geotropism ["Die heliotropischen Erscheinungen im Pflanzenreiche", Anz. Kais. Akad. Wiss. Wien 15 (1878): 137–40] which seems important but is puzzling.

Gives details of his observations on climbing plants with reference to comments by Julius Sachs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  17 July [1878]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11615

Matches: 3 hits

  • … opinion ( Correspondence vol. 18, letter from Federico Delpino, 28 February 1870 ; …
  • … Delpino 1870 ). Delpino discussed …
  • … dealbata (powdery alligator-flag) in Delpino 1870 , pp. 135–7. For CD’s observations on …

From A. S. Wilson   6 August 1878

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Summary

Observations on dimorphic and trimorphic plants of Scotland.

On fertilisation of Scrophularia nodosa.

Author:  Alexander Stephen Wilson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Aug 1878
Classmark:  DAR 86: B19–20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11641

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the species as subdioecious, see Hooker 1870 , p. 51. For Müller’s description of flowers …
  • … Murray. 1877. Hooker, Joseph Dalton. 1870. The student’s flora of the British Islands. …

To C. G. Semper   26 November [1878]

Summary

Discusses views of Moritz Wagner on modification of species. Two different cases: one in which a species is modified in the same country and cases in which a species splits. Glad CGS is taking up subject.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Carl Gottfried Semper
Date:  26 Nov [1878]
Classmark:  Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Düsseldorf (slg 60/Dok/59)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11760

Matches: 1 hit

  • … new species (Wagner 1868a, 1868b, and 1870). CD discussed Wagner’s views in Origin 6th …

From J.-B. Dumas and Joseph Bertrand   5 August 1878

Summary

CD elected corresponding member in the botanical section of the Académie des Sciences, Paris. [See 11653.]

Author:  Jean-Baptiste-André (Jean-Baptiste) Dumas; Joseph Louis François (Joseph) Bertrand
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Aug 1878
Classmark:  DAR 230: 63
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11640A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … p. QQQQ. CD was nominated six times between 1870 and 1878 for membership of the zoological …

From Francis Darwin   [12 September 1878]

Summary

He has been working hard at Kew for two days.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 Sept 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 44
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11690F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … for patents of invention, for the year 1870. London: Office of the Commissioners of …
  • … who patented clinical thermometers in 1870 ( Woodcroft 1871 , p. 450). Richard Irwin Lynch …

From George Bentham   7 August 1878

Summary

CD’s election to the French Academy delights GB. Nationalistic prejudices have at last been overcome; congratulates him on what is now universal adoption of his views.

Author:  George Bentham
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Aug 1878
Classmark:  DAR 160: 170
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11642

Matches: 1 hit

  • … from Armand de Quatrefages, 30 March 1870 ). It is unlikely that the quotation, which …

From George Rolleston   16 August 1878

Summary

Sends a copy of a letter from Herbert Blakeway of Illinois, which accompanied a pig’s head with wattles.

Discusses the Castle Martin breed of Bos, the history of which shows parallels with the Himalayan rabbits.

Author:  George Rolleston
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Aug 1878
Classmark:  DAR 176: 215
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11477

Matches: 1 hit

  • … breed of pig was developed between 1835 and 1870 in Butler and Warren counties, Ohio ( …

From G. H. Darwin   14 December 1878

Summary

Asks CD if he would screw himself up to inviting A. Newton to Down.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Dec 1878
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 72
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11796

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Down with Francis from 22 to 24 January 1870 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). No record of …

From Francis Darwin   [22 June 1878]

Summary

Describes his talk with Julius von Sachs about canary-grass.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [22 June 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 51
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12131F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Wurzel. Beiträge zur Biologie der Pflanzen 1 (1870–5) Heft 2: 1–30. Correspondence : The …

To Francis Darwin   [11 May 1878]

Summary

Julius von Sachs will "swear & curse" when he finds out he has missed sensitiveness of root apex. Has been putting his notes together and the case is conclusive. [Dated "Saturday 10th" by CD.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [11 May 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11504

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Wurzel. Beiträge zur Biologie der Pflanzen 1 (1870–5) Heft 2: 1–30. Sachs, Julius. 1873–4. …

From Federico Delpino   23 April 1878

Summary

Has reviewed Forms of flowers in Revista Botanica [(1877): 84–106].

CD’s treatment by the French Academy.

Hypothesises that the mollusc-like mantle of Balanus originates from a form of grafting.

Author:  Federico Delpino
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Apr 1878
Classmark:  DAR 162: 156
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11482

Matches: 1 hit

  • … section of the Académie des sciences between 1870 and 1878 (Corsi and Weindling 1985, p. …

From Francis Darwin   [before 7 July 1878]

Summary

He has been talking to Julius von Sachs about sleeping plants that move with and without growth.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 7 July 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 57
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11593F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Beiträge zur Biologie der Pflanzen 1 (1870–5) Heft 2: 1–30. Movement in plants : The power …
Document type
letter (15)
Date
1878
04 (1)
05 (1)
06 (1)
07 (3)
08 (5)
09 (1)
11 (2)
12 (1)
Search:
1870 in keywords
51 Items
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Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The …
  • … machine’  ( letter to Charles Lyell, 25 December [1870] ). Finishing Descent; …
  • … some weeks’  ( letter to Albert Günther, 13 January [1870] ). Darwin was still working hard on …
  • … I shall be’  ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). She had previously read proof-sheets …
  • … shd. turn parson?’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Henrietta disagreed: ‘Certainly …
  • … of man!’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [after 8 February 1870] ). Darwin was also encouraged …
  • … sense of mankind’ ( letter to F. P. Cobbe, 23 March [1870?] ). Cobbe accused Darwin of smiling in …
  • … great philosophy?’ ( letter from F. P. Cobbe, 28 March [1870?] ). Humans as animals: ears …
  • … [1868] ; this volume, letter to Thomas Woolner, 10 March [1870] ). Darwin included Woolner’s …
  • … findings ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 15 March 1870 ). Indeed, Darwin noted the same …
  • … bane of existence!’ ( letter to William Ogle, 9 November 1870 ). Researching expression: …
  • … spirits were white ( letter from W. W. Reade, 9 November 1870 ). Keen for more evidence of …
  • … hurting it much?’ ( letter to A. D. Bartlett, 5 January [1870] ). Darwin made a similar request of …
  • … not succeed’ ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 8 June [1870] ). Darwin’s queries were part …
  • … of a baby’s brows ( letter from L. C. Wedgwood, [5 May 1870] ). He also wrote to a leading Dutch …
  • … on this subject’  ( letter from F. C. Donders, 17 May 1870 ). Human evolution: debates and …
  • … more fully in a collection of essays published in April 1870 (Wallace 1870a). Wallace wrote to …
  • … naturalist’ (letter to A. R.Wallace, 26 January [1870]). Despite their increasing …
  • … in one sense rivals’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 20 April [1870] ). Darwin alluded here to the …
  • … No one but yourself’ ( letter from H. W. Bates, 20 May 1870 ). Darwin very rarely used the …
  • … never  write reviews’ ( letter to H. W. Bates, [22 May 1870] ). St George Jackson Mivart …
  • … to answer objectors’ ( letter to W. H. Flower, 25 March [1870] ). In his letters to Mivart, Darwin …
  • … on the Primates’ ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 23 April [1870] ). He also tried to recruit Mivart’s …
  • … lump of granite’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 22 April 1870 ). Mivart hinted that his …
  • … his “origin” ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 25 April 1870 ). In his critical essays (later revised …
  • … Charles Darwin et ses précurseurs français  (Quatrefages 1870), that gave a detailed account, as …
  • … many others’  ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 28 May [1870] ). Quatrefages had …
  • … discord’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 30 March 1870 ). In proposing Darwin for election, …
  • … them’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870 ). The assertion had been made by Emile …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Brooke, C.A.J. 30 Nov 1870 Sarawak, Borneo …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 15 March 1870 West Riding …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 18 March 1870 Down, Kent, …
  • … Donders, F.C. 27 May 1870 Utrecht, Netherlands …
  • … Forbes, David 13 June 1870 Portman Square, London W. …
  • … Nicol, Patrick 13 May 1870 Sussex Lunatic Asylum, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. [c.8 or 9 Apr 1870] Accra, West …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 4 June 1870 Lagos, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 3 Sept 1870 Conservative Club, St …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 9 Nov 1870 11 St Mary Abbot's …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [25 May 1870] Bedford, Cape of Good …
  • … Weir, J.J. 27 June 1870 Blackheath, London, England …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before …
  • … Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September 1870] Darwin asks Murray to …
  • … Letter 7177 - Cupples, G. to Darwin, [29 April 1870] George Cupples tells Darwin about a …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … honours in the natural sciences tripos in December 1870. The small amount of surviving …
  • … I appear to you’ (letter to Francis Darwin,  18 October [1870] ). Subsequently Francis …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … behaviour of her dog (letter from J. L. Gray, 14 February 1870 ), she also passed on information …

Casting about: Darwin on worms

Summary

Earthworms were the subject of a citizen science project to map the distribution of earthworms across Britain (BBC Today programme, 26 May 2014). The general understanding of the role earthworms play in improving soils and providing nutrients for plants to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … on my mind’ ( letter to W. T. Preyer, 17 February [1870 ])) that without earthworms aerating the …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … more litters & no happy results”, he wrote on 26 April 1870 . In the following year, Galton …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of Descent (letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Audio of more …

Darwin and Gender Projects by Harvard Students

Summary

Working in collaboration with Professor Sarah Richardson and Dr Myrna Perez, Darwin Correspondence Project staff developed a customised set of 'Darwin and Gender' themed resources for a course on Gender, Sex and Evolution first taught at Harvard…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grateful I shall be.”(Letter to Darwin, H. E., [8 Feb 1870] ) Although Miranda acknowledges that …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … ideas to humans.  After his election as MP for Maidstone in 1870, Lubbock tried at Darwin’s request …
  • … Lubbock’s Origin of civilisation , published in 1870 as Darwin was completing Descent, was …
  • … good of my internal viscera’ ( to John Lubbock, 21 July [1870] ). It seems what principally gave …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … you owe any more … Darwin to his son Francis, 1870. …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7179 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [5 May 1870] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, …
  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … & I feel deeply for you. ( Letter to F. C. Donders, 19 May 1870 )     …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …
  • … Letter 7329 – Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7314 - Kovalevsky, S. to Darwin, [1 September 1870] Sophia Kovalevsky accepts …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7145 : Darwin to Cobbe, F. P. 23 March [1870?] Darwin met the religious writer and …
  • … Letter 7149 : Cobbe, F. P. to Darwin, 28 March [1870?] "I more than suspect you of a …

Power of movement in plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Family experiments Darwin was an active and engaged father during his children's youth, involving them in his experiments and even occasionally using them as observational subjects. When his children…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 7346 - Darwin to Francis Darwin, 18 October 1870 Darwin writes to Francis to …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the basis for a new German edition (Bronn and Carus trans. 1870), prepared by Julius Victor Carus, …
  • … own evolutionary views and critical commentary (Royer trans. 1870). Darwin complained to Hooker, …
  • … work some hours daily’ ( letter to Anton Dohrn, 4 January 1870 ). Darwin’s health was generally …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Morning Star in 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75, 1 February 1872, p. 66). The …
  • … of a prize for a humane trap ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). The prize was still …
  • … England and Wales every night ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). Under these circumstances, …
  • … Star , 8 December 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). 5 Animal baiting, …
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