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To Oswald Heer   4 August [1872–4]

Summary

Thanks OH for two memoirs on the fossil flora of Bear Island and Spitzbergen [K. Svensk. Vetensk. Akad. Handl. 8 (1869) no. 7; 9 (1870) no. 5].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Oswald Heer
Date:  4 Aug [1872-4]
Classmark:  Zentralbibliothek Zürich (Nachlass Oswald Heer 213.2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8454

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Island and Spitzbergen [ K. Svensk. Vetensk. Akad. Handl. 8 (1869) no. 7; 9 (1870) no. 5]. …
  • … Akademiens Handlingar 8: no. 7, pp. 1–98. Heer, Oswald. 1870. Fossile Flore der Bären …
  • … Insel. [Read 30 September 1870. ] Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 9 ( …
  • … November 1874. CD’s annotated copy of Heer 1870 (on the fossil flora of Bear Island) is in …

From Henri Apatowsky   11 January 1872

Summary

Asks CD whether he will find a translator and publisher for a paper Dr A wrote in 1870, siding with Carl Vogt in defence of CD’s view of descent of man.

Author:  Frederick Rayner
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Jan 1872
Classmark:  DAR 159: 77
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8156

Matches: 4 hits

  • … and publisher for a paper Dr A wrote in 1870, siding with Carl Vogt in defence of CD’s …
  • … The Franco-Prussian War broke out in July 1870. Ambulance: i.e.  a mobile field hospital ( …
  • … Bayswater W. 11 janvier 1872 Monsieur, En 1870 j’écrivis (à Paris) un mémoire sur la …
  • … Bayswater W. 11 January 1872 Sir, In 1870 I wrote (in Paris) a memoir on the question: “Is …

To L. H. Morgan   20 January 1872

Summary

Thanks LHM for his work on consanguinity. [See 7299].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Lewis Henry Morgan
Date:  20 Jan 1872
Classmark:  Dept of Rare Books, Special Collections and Preservation, University of Rochester
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8167

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and affinity of the human family ( Morgan 1870 ) in the Darwin Library–Down. Morgan had …
  • … the last chapter (see Correspondence vol.  18, letter from L.  H.  Morgan, 9 August 1870). …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Morgan, Lewis Henry. 1870. Systems of consanguinity and affinity …

From Herbert Spencer   12 June 1872

Summary

HS hopes in the future to show more fully "absolute emptiness" of James Martineau’s propositions; is glad CD approved of his article dealing with JM’s arguments. [J. Martineau, "The place of mind in nature", Contemp. Rev. 19 (1872): 606–23; H. Spencer, "Mr Martineau on evolution", Contemp. Rev. 20 (1872): 141–54.]

Author:  Herbert Spencer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 June 1872
Classmark:  DAR 177: 230
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8384

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Review 19: 606–23. Spencer, Herbert. 1870–2. The principles of psychology. 2d edition. 2 …
  • … of psychology was published in parts between 1870 and 1872, with the penultimate part, …
  • … on ‘Language of the emotions’, issued in June 1872 ( Spencer 1870–2 , 1: v–vi, and 2: 539– …
  • … 57); CD’s annotated copy of Spencer 1870–2  is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia …

To Alpheus Hyatt   4 December [1872]

Summary

If decapod does not pass through zoea stage, is this acceleration? If hypothetical adult retained zoea characters, would this be retardation? Believes obliteration of growth stages frequently due to natural selection. Most interesting points in AH’s letter deal with senile characters. CD attributes them to laws of growth not selection. Explains degraded characters as result of readaptation to simpler conditions. Believes no innate tendency to progressive development exists.

Hopes AH visits F. Hilgendorf’s famous deposit [at Steinheim]. A. Weismann [Einfluss der Isolierung (1872)] makes good use of Hilgendorf’s observations.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alpheus Hyatt
Date:  4 Dec [1872]
Classmark:  Maryland Historical Society (Alpheus Hyatt Papers MS 1007)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8658

Matches: 5 hits

  • … levels in the Steinheim beds ( Hilgendorf 1866 , pp.  478–9). Hyatt 1866 , 1870, and 1872. …
  • … of Natural History 1 (1866–9): 193–209. Hyatt, Alpheus. 1870. On reversions among the …
  • … ammonites. [Read 5 October 1870. ] Proceedings of …
  • … the Boston Society of Natural History 14 (1870–1): 22–43. Origin 6th ed. : The origin of …
  • … of their series’. CD also refers to Hyatt 1870 . For CD’s discussion of the possible …

From Gerard Krefft   15 May 1872

Summary

Sends his article ["Review of Owen’s Cuvierian principle of palaeontology"].

Author:  Johann Louis Gerard (Gerard) Krefft
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 May 1872
Classmark:  DAR 169: 116; Darwin Pamphlet Collection, CUL, G748
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8331

Matches: 5 hits

  • … carnifex ) , by Professor Owen [i.e. Owen 1870]. ] From the Sydney Mail , 18 May 1872, …
  • … London: T. & W. Boone. Owen, Richard. 1870. On the fossil mammals of Australia. – Part IV. …
  • … for its herbivority. [Read 17 November 1870. ] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal …
  • … paper on Thylacoleo carnifex was Owen 1870 , which was reprinted from the Philosophical …
  • … of T.  carnifex had been found. See Owen 1870 , p.  219. In T.  H.  Huxley 1868, Thomas …

From F. E. Abbot   18 July 1872

Summary

Thanks CD for five dollars and two-year subscription to Index, and for permission to quote CD’s compliments on Truths for the times.

Author:  Francis Ellingwood Abbot
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 July 1872
Classmark:  DAR 159: 4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8417

Matches: 4 hits

  • … life in a black regiment ( Higginson 1870 ). See letter to F.  E.  Abbot, 2 July 1872  and …
  • … Bibliography Abbot, Francis Ellingwood. [1870. ] Truths for the times. Mount Pleasant, …
  • … Press. 1985–. Higginson, Thomas Wentworth. 1870. Army life in a black regiment . Boston: …
  • … s view of ‘Truths for the times’ ( Abbot [1870] ) in the Index , see Correspondence vol.   …

To William Marshall   6 June [1872]

Summary

Thanks WALM for having sent interesting publications, especially the one on relation of structure of man to lower animals,

and just a few days since, on protuberances on bird skulls. WALM’s facts on the latter subject have an important bearing on the acquisition of sexual characters. CD is pleased that the influence of sexual selection is admitted.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Adolf Ludwig (William) Marshall
Date:  6 June [1872]
Classmark:  Smithsonian Libraries (Dibner Library of the History of Science and Technology MSS 405 A. Gift of the Burndy Library)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8371A

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Marshall, William. 1870. Ueber Thieraehnlichkeiten der …
  • … Menschen. [Read 17 November 1870. ] Niederländisches Archiv für Zoologie 1 (1871–3): 113– …
  • … 1872 . CD’s annotated copies of Marshall 1870 (on resemblances between humans and other …

From Albert Günther   21 May 1872

Summary

Believes many of the species and even genera of the fish family Labyrinthici are products of domestication.

Events at the British Museum.

Author:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 May 1872
Classmark:  DAR 165: 251
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8344

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Macropus is a misspelling) in Zoological Record 6 (1869): 133 and 7 (1870): 94. CD …
  • … Carbonnier’s papers (Carbonnier 1869 and 1870) in Descent 2d ed. , pp.  341–2 and n.  27. …
  • … when Alfred Newton took over with the 1870 issue, Günther continued to write a number …
  • … himself ( Zoological Record 6 (1869), 7 (1870)). Günther refers to Carl Gegenbaur and …

To William Bowman   25 January 1872

Summary

Discusses role of orbicular muscle and distended veins in eye in secretion of tears. Asks WB’s opinion.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Date:  25 Jan 1872
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8179

Matches: 3 hits

  • … vol.  18, letter from F.  C.  Donders, 27 May 1870 , and Donders 1870a and 1870b. See also …
  • … Correspondence vol.  18, letter to F.  C.  Donders, 13 May 1870, and letter from F.   …
  • … C.  Donders, 27 May 1870 , and Correspondence vol.  19, letter to William Bowman, [before …

From Anton Dohrn   21 August 1872

Summary

Has reported on the Naples Zoological Station to BAAS meeting at Brighton. Hopes to open it in January. Is at work building up the library by contributions from publishers and naturalists.

Deplores Wallace’s "drifting away" and his association with such men as H. C. Bastian.

Disbelieves in ascidians as our ancestors. Has a substitute he is sure will please CD.

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Aug 1872
Classmark:  DAR 162: 209
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8481

Matches: 3 hits

  • … his previous visit to Down on 26 September 1870 ( Correspondence vol.  18, letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 27 September [1870] ). Dohrn had visited while on leave from service in the …
  • … appointed by Section D (biology) at the 1870 meeting of the British Association (Dohrn  …

From Francis Galton   26 May 1872

Summary

Again seeks help with his rabbits; hopes one of CD’s men can take them.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 May 1872
Classmark:  DAR 105: A57–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8352

Matches: 2 hits

  • … phenomena called spiritual, during the years 1870–73. Quarterly Journal of Science n.s. 4: …
  • … in the Quarterly Journal of Science (Crookes 1870 and 1871) and published a further one in …

To John Scott   15 April [1872]

Summary

JS’s valuable observations on worms in India along with Asa Gray’s in the United States confirm CD’s opinion that worms work in the same way all over the world. Requests further information on the subject.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  15 Apr [1872]
Classmark:  Transactions of the Hawick Archæological Society (1908): 69
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8287F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … London: John Murray. 1877. Scott, John. 1870–4. Notes on horticulture in Bengal. 1. …
  • … Agricultural and Horticultural Society of India 2 (1870): 241–57, 257–96; 3 (1874): 1–82. …
  • … parasitic plant family Loranthaceae ( Scott 1870–4 , pt 2) has not been found. Both the …

From Armand de Quatrefages   23 July 1872

Summary

CD not nominated by French Academy.

Author:  Jean Louis Armand (Armand de Quatrefages) Quatrefages de Bréau
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 July 1872
Classmark:  DAR 175: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8424

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to Descent . For Quatrefages’s reservations about CD’s theories, see Quatrefages 1870 . …
  • … Murray. 1871. Quatrefages, Armand de. 1870. Charles Darwin et ses précurseurs français. …

From Alpheus Hyatt   [late] November 1872

Summary

No need to apologise for not quoting AH’s paper on acceleration and retardation.

Agassiz introduced AH to ammonites and entrusted collection to him. Has followed developmental history of each species and placed them within geological formations. Found evolutionary history of species recapitulated only to a degree in individual development. Stages frequently skipped. Explains why young of later animals are like adults that preceded them. Retardation entirely idea of Edward Drinker Cope. Sends paper to explain it. Acceleration can explain degraded forms. Often like youthful stage with which series began. Often resemble old age of earlier series. Regularity of these series incompatible with natural selection. How can selection account for degraded final stages or for predictability of development? Franz Hilgendorf’s Paludinae from Steinheim lake show same parallelism in development. May be possible to reconcile this with selection. But Trochiformis begins to show degradation in beds where it is most numerous and has largest individuals, i.e., where selection seems to be favouring it. Will work on Steinheim shells this winter.

Author:  Alpheus Hyatt
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [late] Nov 1872
Classmark:  DAR 99: 48–55
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8655

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of Natural History 1 (1866–9): 193–209. Hyatt, Alpheus. 1870. On reversions among the …
  • … ammonites. [Read 5 October 1870. ] Proceedings of …
  • … the Boston Society of Natural History 14 (1870–1): 22–43. Hyatt, Alpheus. 1872. Fossil …
  • … Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. Hyatt 1870 . CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin Pamphlet …
  • … west Germany ( Oppel 1856–8 , p.  14). See Hyatt 1870 , pp.  31–2. Hyatt argued that some …

From J. R. Martin   27 March 1872

Summary

CD is urged to increase to 20 his shares in the Artizans, Labourers & General Dwellings Co. Ltd. Many prominent people have done so.

Author:  John Royle Martin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Mar 1872
Classmark:  DAR 171: 54
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8254

Matches: 2 hits

  • … CD was offered an honorary degree in 1870, but declined on the grounds of ill health (see …
  • … Correspondence vol.  18, letter from Robert Cecil, 7 June 1870  and n.  1). …

To Albert Günther   11 May [1872]

Summary

Encloses a testimonial for AG [in support of his application for a promotion at British Museum].

Does he agree with Carl Gegenbaur’s paper on the limbs of fish [Jenaische Z. Naturwiss. 5 (1870): 397–447]?

Asks what caused G. R. Gray’s sudden death.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Date:  11 May [1872]
Classmark:  Natural History Museum (Gen. Lib. Günther 44)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8316

Matches: 2 hits

  • … limbs of fish [ Jenaische Z. Naturwiss. 5 (1870): 397–447]? Asks what caused G. R. Gray’s …
  • … May 1872 ). In an earlier paper (Gegenbaur 1870), Gegenbaur had argued that all varieties …

From Alfred Tylor   8 June 1872

Summary

AT is trying to publish his paper with important evidence on "the pluvial period".

Author:  Alfred Tylor
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 June 1872
Classmark:  DAR 178: 199
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8376

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Press. 1985–. Jones, Thomas Rupert. 1870. On the primæval rivers of Britain. Geological …
  • … of Britain’ by Jones ( T.  R.  Jones 1870 ), and in the report of a lecture by Jones on …
  • … a list as the argument of Belgrand in 1870 was the same as my own in 1853 I suppose on …

From Chauncey Wright   29 August 1872

Summary

Discusses ideas on the development of language; agrees with CD that it is a process governed by unconscious selection; he considers it analogous to unconscious selection of domestic animals by savages. Remarks on the differing views of Max Müller and W. D. Whitney regarding the origin of language and its development. Comments on the extent to which unintentional effects can be ascribed directly to the agency of free intelligent wills.

Author:  Chauncey Wright
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Aug 1872
Classmark:  DAR 181: 169
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8493

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Wallace’s Contributions to the theory of natural selection (Wallace 1870) in the North …
  • … American Review (Wright 1870). In the note, Wright addressed the objection that ‘Natural …
  • … because language is an invention, and the work of human will’ (Wright 1870, pp.  293–4). …
  • … CD’ s annotated copy of Wright 1870 is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. Friedrich …

From D. Appleton & Co.   17 February 1872

Summary

Accepts CD’s proposal for new revised edition of Origin; will pay $50 [dollars or pounds!?] for casts of the plates and pay CD on sales.

Appleton edition of CD’s Journal of researches [1871] still selling well.

Also wants plates sent with CD’s new work on Expression. CD should arrange this with Murray’s.

Author:  D. Appleton & Co
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Feb 1872
Classmark:  DAR 159: 88
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8217

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Journal of researches in 1871, based on stereotypes of the 1870 edition published by John …
  • … Murray ( Journal of researches 1870; see Freeman 1977 ). A reprint of the 1871 edition was …
Document type
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Date
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02 (6)
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05 (7)
06 (10)
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Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The …
  • … machine’  ( letter to Charles Lyell, 25 December [1870] ). Finishing Descent; …
  • … some weeks’  ( letter to Albert Günther, 13 January [1870] ). Darwin was still working hard on …
  • … I shall be’  ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). She had previously read proof-sheets …
  • … shd. turn parson?’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Henrietta disagreed: ‘Certainly …
  • … of man!’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [after 8 February 1870] ). Darwin was also encouraged …
  • … sense of mankind’ ( letter to F. P. Cobbe, 23 March [1870?] ). Cobbe accused Darwin of smiling in …
  • … great philosophy?’ ( letter from F. P. Cobbe, 28 March [1870?] ). Humans as animals: ears …
  • … [1868] ; this volume, letter to Thomas Woolner, 10 March [1870] ). Darwin included Woolner’s …
  • … findings ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 15 March 1870 ). Indeed, Darwin noted the same …
  • … bane of existence!’ ( letter to William Ogle, 9 November 1870 ). Researching expression: …
  • … spirits were white ( letter from W. W. Reade, 9 November 1870 ). Keen for more evidence of …
  • … hurting it much?’ ( letter to A. D. Bartlett, 5 January [1870] ). Darwin made a similar request of …
  • … not succeed’ ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 8 June [1870] ). Darwin’s queries were part …
  • … of a baby’s brows ( letter from L. C. Wedgwood, [5 May 1870] ). He also wrote to a leading Dutch …
  • … on this subject’  ( letter from F. C. Donders, 17 May 1870 ). Human evolution: debates and …
  • … more fully in a collection of essays published in April 1870 (Wallace 1870a). Wallace wrote to …
  • … naturalist’ (letter to A. R.Wallace, 26 January [1870]). Despite their increasing …
  • … in one sense rivals’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 20 April [1870] ). Darwin alluded here to the …
  • … No one but yourself’ ( letter from H. W. Bates, 20 May 1870 ). Darwin very rarely used the …
  • … never  write reviews’ ( letter to H. W. Bates, [22 May 1870] ). St George Jackson Mivart …
  • … to answer objectors’ ( letter to W. H. Flower, 25 March [1870] ). In his letters to Mivart, Darwin …
  • … on the Primates’ ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 23 April [1870] ). He also tried to recruit Mivart’s …
  • … lump of granite’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 22 April 1870 ). Mivart hinted that his …
  • … his “origin” ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 25 April 1870 ). In his critical essays (later revised …
  • … Charles Darwin et ses précurseurs français  (Quatrefages 1870), that gave a detailed account, as …
  • … many others’  ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 28 May [1870] ). Quatrefages had …
  • … discord’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 30 March 1870 ). In proposing Darwin for election, …
  • … them’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870 ). The assertion had been made by Emile …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Brooke, C.A.J. 30 Nov 1870 Sarawak, Borneo …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 15 March 1870 West Riding …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 18 March 1870 Down, Kent, …
  • … Donders, F.C. 27 May 1870 Utrecht, Netherlands …
  • … Forbes, David 13 June 1870 Portman Square, London W. …
  • … Nicol, Patrick 13 May 1870 Sussex Lunatic Asylum, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. [c.8 or 9 Apr 1870] Accra, West …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 4 June 1870 Lagos, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 3 Sept 1870 Conservative Club, St …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 9 Nov 1870 11 St Mary Abbot's …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [25 May 1870] Bedford, Cape of Good …
  • … Weir, J.J. 27 June 1870 Blackheath, London, England …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before …
  • … Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September 1870] Darwin asks Murray to …
  • … Letter 7177 - Cupples, G. to Darwin, [29 April 1870] George Cupples tells Darwin about a …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … honours in the natural sciences tripos in December 1870. The small amount of surviving …
  • … I appear to you’ (letter to Francis Darwin,  18 October [1870] ). Subsequently Francis …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … behaviour of her dog (letter from J. L. Gray, 14 February 1870 ), she also passed on information …

Casting about: Darwin on worms

Summary

Earthworms were the subject of a citizen science project to map the distribution of earthworms across Britain (BBC Today programme, 26 May 2014). The general understanding of the role earthworms play in improving soils and providing nutrients for plants to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … on my mind’ ( letter to W. T. Preyer, 17 February [1870 ])) that without earthworms aerating the …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … more litters & no happy results”, he wrote on 26 April 1870 . In the following year, Galton …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of Descent (letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Audio of more …

Darwin and Gender Projects by Harvard Students

Summary

Working in collaboration with Professor Sarah Richardson and Dr Myrna Perez, Darwin Correspondence Project staff developed a customised set of 'Darwin and Gender' themed resources for a course on Gender, Sex and Evolution first taught at Harvard…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grateful I shall be.”(Letter to Darwin, H. E., [8 Feb 1870] ) Although Miranda acknowledges that …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … ideas to humans.  After his election as MP for Maidstone in 1870, Lubbock tried at Darwin’s request …
  • … Lubbock’s Origin of civilisation , published in 1870 as Darwin was completing Descent, was …
  • … good of my internal viscera’ ( to John Lubbock, 21 July [1870] ). It seems what principally gave …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … you owe any more … Darwin to his son Francis, 1870. …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7179 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [5 May 1870] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, …
  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … & I feel deeply for you. ( Letter to F. C. Donders, 19 May 1870 )     …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

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  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …
  • … Letter 7329 – Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

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  • … Letter 7314 - Kovalevsky, S. to Darwin, [1 September 1870] Sophia Kovalevsky accepts …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

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  • … Letter 7145 : Darwin to Cobbe, F. P. 23 March [1870?] Darwin met the religious writer and …
  • … Letter 7149 : Cobbe, F. P. to Darwin, 28 March [1870?] "I more than suspect you of a …

Power of movement in plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Family experiments Darwin was an active and engaged father during his children's youth, involving them in his experiments and even occasionally using them as observational subjects. When his children…

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  • … Letter 7346 - Darwin to Francis Darwin, 18 October 1870 Darwin writes to Francis to …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

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  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

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  • … the basis for a new German edition (Bronn and Carus trans. 1870), prepared by Julius Victor Carus, …
  • … own evolutionary views and critical commentary (Royer trans. 1870). Darwin complained to Hooker, …
  • … work some hours daily’ ( letter to Anton Dohrn, 4 January 1870 ). Darwin’s health was generally …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Morning Star in 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75, 1 February 1872, p. 66). The …
  • … of a prize for a humane trap ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). The prize was still …
  • … England and Wales every night ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). Under these circumstances, …
  • … Star , 8 December 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). 5 Animal baiting, …
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