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Darwin Correspondence Project

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To ?   [1870–82?]

Summary

Suggests the recipient catch the 4.12 train.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1870–82?]
Classmark:  The National Library of Wales (NLW Dolaucothi L 5984)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7088F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To ?    [1870–82? ] …
  • … Library of Wales (NLW Dolaucothi L 5984) Charles Robert Darwin [1870–82? ] Unidentified …

To George Charles Wallich   18 April [1869]

Summary

Regrets he cannot come to London to be photographed [for GCW’s Eminent men of the day (1870)]. Invites GCW to Down.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Charles Wallich
Date:  18 Apr [1869]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.374)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6701

Matches: 7 hits

  • … London to be photographed [for GCW’s Eminent men of the day (1870)]. Invites GCW to Down. …
  • … for Southampton in 1861 (see Correspondence vol.  9). Wallich 1870  had sixteen plates. …
  • … Press. 1985–. Wallich, George Charles. 1870. Eminent men of the day. Scientific series. …
  • … Wallich’s Eminent men of the day ( Wallich 1870 ), and from the form of the address, which …
  • … CD began to use in April 1869. The preface of Wallich 1870  is …
  • … dated May 1870. CD had corresponded in 1860 with Wallich about the results of deep-sea …
  • … photographs of eminent scientists ( Wallich 1870 ). CD’s photograph does not appear in the …

To Alphonse de Candolle   11 October 1869

Summary

Thanks AdeC for his interesting letter [6915]. The experiment strikes CD as a very valuable one. CD has forwarded the letter to Hooker, who is glad to make the trial. CD will have many experiments in progress next spring but he will open the packet of seeds and if they are numerous, will try a few himself.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alphonse de Candolle
Date:  11 Oct 1869
Classmark:  Archives de la famille de Candolle (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6933

Matches: 1 hit

  • … parents (see Correspondence vol.  18, letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 28 May [ 1870] ). …

From George M’Ilvaine Ramsey   5 April 1869

Summary

Describes the work he is writing, Cosmology (Ramsay 1870).

Author:  George M’Ilvaine Ramsey
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  05 Apr 1869
Classmark:  DAR 271.6: 3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6692F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Describes the work he is writing, Cosmology (Ramsay 1870). …
  • … position of the polar centres’ ( Ramsey 1870 , quoted in Crumrine 1882 , p.  959). See …
  • … Press. 1910–11. Ramsey, George M’Ilvaine. 1870. Cosmology. Boston: W. White and Co. …
  • … Cosmology ( Ramsey 1870 ) was published by W.  White and Company in Boston. Ramsey gave a …

From J. V. Carus   20 October 1869

Summary

Koch [of Schweizerbart’s, publisher of German translations of CD’s works] has inquired when CD’s new book on man will be out. JVC assures CD that the book should be translated into German, and offers his services.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Oct 1869
Classmark:  DAR 161: 72
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6947

Matches: 3 hits

  • … see Correspondence vol.  18, letters from J.  V.   Carus, 16 April [1870] and …
  • … 18 April 1870). …
  • … Carus was in England in the spring of 1870, he was not able to arrange a meeting with CD ( …

From James Orton   4 January 1869

Summary

Describes the novelties found on his recent expedition to South America sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution.

Wants to dedicate to CD book [The Andes and the Amazon (1870)] which is modelled on Journal of researches.

Author:  James Orton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Jan 1869
Classmark:  DAR 173: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6542

Matches: 8 hits

  • … to CD book [ The Andes and the Amazon (1870)] which is modelled on Journal of researches . …
  • … and catalogued the specimens collected, see Orton 1870 , pp.  xii–xiii. Journal of …
  • … to The Andes and the Amazon ( Orton 1870 ). The dedication reads, ‘To Charles Darwin, …
  • … and Arts 2d ser. 46: 203–13. Orton, James. 1870. The Andes and the Amazon; or, across the …
  • … deposit of bones is mentioned in Orton 1870 , p.  154. Pebas is a town in north-eastern …
  • … as well as two others are mentioned in Orton 1870 , p.  283. The passage is scored in CD’s …
  • … Russel Wallace, and Louis Agassiz. In Orton 1870 , p.  282 n. , Orton refers to A journey …
  • … occipitalis (the silvery grebe; see Orton 1870 , p.  146). CD had collected specimens of …

From J. D. Hooker   17 September 1869

thumbnail

Summary

Will come to Down on 25 Sept.

Thanks CD for supplementaries ["Fertilization of orchids", Collected papers 2: 138–56] which he will quote in the British flora [The student’s flora of the British Islands (1870)].

F. A. W. Miquel could not come.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Sept 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 32–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6895

Matches: 4 hits

  • … The student’s flora of the British Islands (1870)]. F. A. W. Miquel could not come. …
  • … of the British Islands ( J.  D.  Hooker 1870 ). See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 11 March  …
  • … French edition of Orchids (Rérolle trans.  1870) and separately published in English ( ‘ …
  • … 2: 138–56. ] Hooker, Joseph Dalton. 1870. The student’s flora of the British Islands. …

To ?   30 October [1869 or 1870]

Summary

Comments on a case of crossing distant plants of Habenaria

and on hermaphroditism in hybrid plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  30 Oct [1869-70]
Classmark:  King Edward VI High School, Stafford
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6961A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To ?    30 October [1869 or 1870] …
  • … Edward VI High School, Stafford Charles Robert Darwin 30 Oct 1869 30 Oct 1870 Unidentified …

To the registrar of friendly societies   18 May [1869, 1870, 1875, 1880 or 1881]

Summary

CD has misplaced the annual audited balance sheet for the Down Friendly Society and wonders whether he has sent it to his correspondent in error.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Registrar of Friendly Societies
Date:  18 May [1869-70, 1875 or 1880-1]
Classmark:  DAR 97: C25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9983

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To the registrar of friendly societies   18 May [1869, 1870, 1875, 1880 or 1881] …
  • … Robert Darwin Down 18 May 1869 18 May 1870 18 May 1875 18 May 1880 18 May 1881 Registrar …

From Charles Boner   [December 1869 – early January 1870]

Summary

In answer to CD’s queries, relates further details about feral sheep: they are sterile when wild, but can become tame again.

Author:  Charles Boner
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Dec 1869 – early Jan 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 237
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7017

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Charles Boner   [December 1869 – early January 1870] …
  • … DAR 160: 237 Charles Boner unstated [Dec 1869 – early Jan 1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter to Charles Boner, [before 8 January 1870] ( Correspondence vol.  18). In a letter …

From Charles Layton   23 December 1869

Summary

Has received letter from Appleton’s that they agree to reprint from the latest edition of the Origin [5th English] and will add corrections sent by CD.

They wish also to receive early sheets of new book [Descent] on which they will pay £10.

Will send cheque for sales of Origin, based on older agreement between Appleton’s and Asa Gray to pay CD 5%.

Author:  Charles James (Charles) Layton; D. Appleton & Co
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Dec 1869
Classmark:  DAR 159: 85
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7033

Matches: 5 hits

  • … with additions and corrections’ in 1870 ( Origin 2d US ed. ). See letter to Charles …
  • … s statement on sales of Origin by February 1870, see Correspondence vol.  18, letter from …
  • … D.  Appleton & Co.  to Asa Gray, 1 February 1870 . …
  • … On 12 October 1870, CD recorded receiving a cheque from Layton for the ‘sale of Origin in …
  • … and corrections. New York: D. Appleton. 1870. Origin : On the origin of species by means …

To Eduard Koch   4 November 1869

Summary

Thanks EK for Julius Dub’s work [see 6961].

Has sent the new [5th] edition of Origin to Carus.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Eduard Koch
Date:  4 Nov 1869
Classmark:  Württembergische Landesbibliothek, Stuttgart (Cod. hist. 4o 333a. No 77, 4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6969

Matches: 4 hits

  • … The references are to Julius Dub and Dub 1870 ; see letter from Eduard Koch, 30 October  …
  • … 1869 . There is a copy of Dub 1870  in the Darwin Library–Down. CD refers to Julius Victor …
  • … edition of Origin (Bronn and Carus trans.  1870); see letter from Eduard Koch, 30 October  …
  • … London: John Murray. 1871. Dub, Julius. 1870. Kurze Darstellung der Lehre Darwin’s über …

From Louis Rérolle   30 July 1869

Summary

Progressing with translation of new footnotes for Orchids. Asks for help with a few words.

Author:  Louis Rérolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 July 1869
Classmark:  DAR 176: 131
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6846

Matches: 4 hits

  • … publisher of Rérolle’s translation (Rérolle trans.  1870) was Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald. …
  • … The translation appeared in June 1870 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 18, letter from Louis Rérolle, 15 June 1870 ). See Orchids , pp.  94–5. ‘Thrips’ is both …
  • … the publication will take place in february 1870. I generally take care to have my French …

From Eduard Koch   30 October 1869

Summary

Sends copy of C. J. Dub [Kurze Darstellung der Lehre Darwin’s über die Entstehung der Organismen (1870)].

Asks about appearance of CD’s next book.

Comments on the Duke of Argyll’s Primeval man [1869].

New [4th] German edition of Origin to appear soon.

Author:  Eduard Koch; E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Oct 1869
Classmark:  DAR 169: 45
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6961

Matches: 4 hits

  • … s über die Entstehung der Organismen (1870)]. Asks about appearance of CD’s next book. …
  • … The reference is to the fourth German edition of Origin (Bronn and Carus trans.  1870). …
  • … of species, with explanatory remarks; Dub 1870 ); see also letter to Julius Dub, 20 March  …
  • … London: John Murray. 1871. Dub, Julius. 1870. Kurze Darstellung der Lehre Darwin’s über …

From Fritz Müller   18 December 1869

Summary

Discusses dimorphic and trimorphic plants; mentions especially Rubiaceae and a dimorphic monocotyledon.

Notes observations on the monstrous male flowers of Begonia,

and on self-sterile plants.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Dec 1869
Classmark:  DAR 109: B125–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7029

Matches: 4 hits

  • … has not been found ( ibid. , ,letter to J.  J.  Weir, 17 March [1870] ). Müller mentioned …
  • … Cassia in his letter of 29 March 1870 ( Correspondence vol.  18). CD also refers to Joseph …
  • … 7. See letter to Fritz Müller, 12 May 1870 ( Correspondence vol.  18). John Jenner Weir …
  • … letter from J.  J.  Weir, 17 March 1870). In his reply to Weir, CD quoted a similar case …

From A. R. Wallace   23 June [1869]

Summary

Asks whether sexual selection could produce the changing plumules or "battledore" scales on the wings of certain butterflies.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 June [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 106: B81–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6797

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 1869a; the German, French, and Danish translations are Wallace 1869c, Wallace [1870? ], …
  • … and Wallace 1870–1 , respectively. …
  • … John Murray. 1859. Wallace, Alfred Russel. 1870–1. Insulinde: het land van den orang-oetan …

To Julius Dub   20 March 1869

Summary

CD will supply the sheets of the new edition of the Origin [5th ed. (1869)] if JD goes ahead with his work [Kurze Darstellung der Lehre Darwin’s über die Entstehung der Arten der Organismen (1870)]. Has no objection to JD’s quoting him, but wonders whether the German publisher of Origin might not feel injured.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Christoph Julius (Julius) Dub
Date:  20 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 96: 62, 64
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6673

Matches: 3 hits

  • … die Entstehung der Arten der Organismen (1870)]. Has no objection to JD’s quoting him, but …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Dub, Julius. 1870. Kurze Darstellung der Lehre Darwin’s über die …
  • … species, with explanatory remarks; Dub 1870 ), and to Origin. CD refers to Bronn and Carus …

From J. D. Hooker to Emma Darwin   29 March 1869

Summary

Pleased to come on 17th.

Is arranging the Aucuba experiment.

Sends some letters for CD’s perusal.

Asks what CD thinks of Huxley’s address [Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 25 (1869): xxviii–liii].

Would be glad to have Drosophyllum plants.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Date:  29 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 12–13; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Directors’ Correspondence 188: 141–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6685

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of Mauritius n. s. 1: 220–32. Barkly, Henry. 1870. Notes on the flora and fauna of Round …
  • … Mauritius almanac and colonial register for 1870. Edited by John B. Kyshe. Mauritius: [ …
  • … of Arts and Sciences of Mauritius n.s.  4 (1870): 11–22. Barkly refers to the screwpine …
  • … Mauritius ( Duncan 1863 ; see Barkly 1870 , pp.  94–5 for his discussion of the misuse of …
  • … flora and fauna of Round Island’ ( Barkly 1870 , p.  98). The two snakes found on Round …

From Francis Darwin   [before 8 May 1869]

Summary

Reports what he must pay for university courses. Forgets what CD wants to know about vermiform appendage.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 8 May 1869]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6519F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Francis sat examinations for the mathematical tripos in January 1870 and for the natural …
  • … sciences tripos in December 1870 ( Cambridge …
  • … University calendar 1870, 1871). Vermiform appendage: appendix. In Descent 1: 27–8, in a …

To ?   6 April [1869–71]

Summary

"My experiment was intended solely to show that colour reappeared, and I choose kinds which breed [true] to colour, as is certainly the case with [sports] and those which I tried . . .

I have recorded an undoubted case of wild rock Pigeons caught in Scotland having bred in confinement …"

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  6 Apr [1869-71]
Classmark:  L’Autographe S.A. (dealers) (Catalogue 21)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6098A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Catalogue 21) Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 Apr 1869 6 Apr 1870 6 Apr 1871 Unidentified …
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Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The …
  • … machine’  ( letter to Charles Lyell, 25 December [1870] ). Finishing Descent; …
  • … some weeks’  ( letter to Albert Günther, 13 January [1870] ). Darwin was still working hard on …
  • … I shall be’  ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). She had previously read proof-sheets …
  • … shd. turn parson?’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Henrietta disagreed: ‘Certainly …
  • … of man!’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [after 8 February 1870] ). Darwin was also encouraged …
  • … sense of mankind’ ( letter to F. P. Cobbe, 23 March [1870?] ). Cobbe accused Darwin of smiling in …
  • … great philosophy?’ ( letter from F. P. Cobbe, 28 March [1870?] ). Humans as animals: ears …
  • … [1868] ; this volume, letter to Thomas Woolner, 10 March [1870] ). Darwin included Woolner’s …
  • … findings ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 15 March 1870 ). Indeed, Darwin noted the same …
  • … bane of existence!’ ( letter to William Ogle, 9 November 1870 ). Researching expression: …
  • … spirits were white ( letter from W. W. Reade, 9 November 1870 ). Keen for more evidence of …
  • … hurting it much?’ ( letter to A. D. Bartlett, 5 January [1870] ). Darwin made a similar request of …
  • … not succeed’ ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 8 June [1870] ). Darwin’s queries were part …
  • … of a baby’s brows ( letter from L. C. Wedgwood, [5 May 1870] ). He also wrote to a leading Dutch …
  • … on this subject’  ( letter from F. C. Donders, 17 May 1870 ). Human evolution: debates and …
  • … more fully in a collection of essays published in April 1870 (Wallace 1870a). Wallace wrote to …
  • … naturalist’ (letter to A. R.Wallace, 26 January [1870]). Despite their increasing …
  • … in one sense rivals’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 20 April [1870] ). Darwin alluded here to the …
  • … No one but yourself’ ( letter from H. W. Bates, 20 May 1870 ). Darwin very rarely used the …
  • … never  write reviews’ ( letter to H. W. Bates, [22 May 1870] ). St George Jackson Mivart …
  • … to answer objectors’ ( letter to W. H. Flower, 25 March [1870] ). In his letters to Mivart, Darwin …
  • … on the Primates’ ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 23 April [1870] ). He also tried to recruit Mivart’s …
  • … lump of granite’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 22 April 1870 ). Mivart hinted that his …
  • … his “origin” ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 25 April 1870 ). In his critical essays (later revised …
  • … Charles Darwin et ses précurseurs français  (Quatrefages 1870), that gave a detailed account, as …
  • … many others’  ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 28 May [1870] ). Quatrefages had …
  • … discord’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 30 March 1870 ). In proposing Darwin for election, …
  • … them’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870 ). The assertion had been made by Emile …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Brooke, C.A.J. 30 Nov 1870 Sarawak, Borneo …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 15 March 1870 West Riding …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 18 March 1870 Down, Kent, …
  • … Donders, F.C. 27 May 1870 Utrecht, Netherlands …
  • … Forbes, David 13 June 1870 Portman Square, London W. …
  • … Nicol, Patrick 13 May 1870 Sussex Lunatic Asylum, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. [c.8 or 9 Apr 1870] Accra, West …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 4 June 1870 Lagos, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 3 Sept 1870 Conservative Club, St …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 9 Nov 1870 11 St Mary Abbot's …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [25 May 1870] Bedford, Cape of Good …
  • … Weir, J.J. 27 June 1870 Blackheath, London, England …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before …
  • … Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September 1870] Darwin asks Murray to …
  • … Letter 7177 - Cupples, G. to Darwin, [29 April 1870] George Cupples tells Darwin about a …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … honours in the natural sciences tripos in December 1870. The small amount of surviving …
  • … I appear to you’ (letter to Francis Darwin,  18 October [1870] ). Subsequently Francis …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … behaviour of her dog (letter from J. L. Gray, 14 February 1870 ), she also passed on information …

Casting about: Darwin on worms

Summary

Earthworms were the subject of a citizen science project to map the distribution of earthworms across Britain (BBC Today programme, 26 May 2014). The general understanding of the role earthworms play in improving soils and providing nutrients for plants to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … on my mind’ ( letter to W. T. Preyer, 17 February [1870 ])) that without earthworms aerating the …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … more litters & no happy results”, he wrote on 26 April 1870 . In the following year, Galton …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of Descent (letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Audio of more …

Darwin and Gender Projects by Harvard Students

Summary

Working in collaboration with Professor Sarah Richardson and Dr Myrna Perez, Darwin Correspondence Project staff developed a customised set of 'Darwin and Gender' themed resources for a course on Gender, Sex and Evolution first taught at Harvard…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grateful I shall be.”(Letter to Darwin, H. E., [8 Feb 1870] ) Although Miranda acknowledges that …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … ideas to humans.  After his election as MP for Maidstone in 1870, Lubbock tried at Darwin’s request …
  • … Lubbock’s Origin of civilisation , published in 1870 as Darwin was completing Descent, was …
  • … good of my internal viscera’ ( to John Lubbock, 21 July [1870] ). It seems what principally gave …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … you owe any more … Darwin to his son Francis, 1870. …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7179 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [5 May 1870] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, …
  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … & I feel deeply for you. ( Letter to F. C. Donders, 19 May 1870 )     …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …
  • … Letter 7329 – Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7314 - Kovalevsky, S. to Darwin, [1 September 1870] Sophia Kovalevsky accepts …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7145 : Darwin to Cobbe, F. P. 23 March [1870?] Darwin met the religious writer and …
  • … Letter 7149 : Cobbe, F. P. to Darwin, 28 March [1870?] "I more than suspect you of a …

Power of movement in plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Family experiments Darwin was an active and engaged father during his children's youth, involving them in his experiments and even occasionally using them as observational subjects. When his children…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 7346 - Darwin to Francis Darwin, 18 October 1870 Darwin writes to Francis to …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the basis for a new German edition (Bronn and Carus trans. 1870), prepared by Julius Victor Carus, …
  • … own evolutionary views and critical commentary (Royer trans. 1870). Darwin complained to Hooker, …
  • … work some hours daily’ ( letter to Anton Dohrn, 4 January 1870 ). Darwin’s health was generally …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Morning Star in 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75, 1 February 1872, p. 66). The …
  • … of a prize for a humane trap ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). The prize was still …
  • … England and Wales every night ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). Under these circumstances, …
  • … Star , 8 December 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). 5 Animal baiting, …
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