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From Benjamin Clarke   12 March 1867

Summary

Requests CD’s subscription to his On systematic botany and zoology [1870]. "Progressive development" is a leading principle of his work.

Author:  Benjamin Clarke
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Mar 1867
Classmark:  DAR 161: 157/1, 158
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5439

Matches: 6 hits

  • … to his On systematic botany and zoology [1870]. "Progressive development" is a leading …
  • … Bibliography Clarke, Benjamin. 1870. On systematic botany and zoology, including a new …
  • … been found. Clarke’s new work, On systematic botany and zoology , was published in 1870 ( …
  • … Clarke 1870 ); CD recorded a payment in his Account books–cash account (Down House MS) of …
  • … Bot. & Zool y B.  Clarke’ for 20 October 1870. CD’s copy is in the Darwin Library–Down. …
  • … March [1867]. The tables in Clarke 1870  are arranged to show a genealogical relationship …

From Anton Dohrn   30 November 1867

Summary

Pleased by CD’s letter; his object was to apply CD’s principles to the reform of zoology. When this is done, it is wonderful to see how improved one’s understanding of the Crustacea (Arthropoda) becomes. Cites examples.

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Nov 1867
Classmark:  DAR 162: 203
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5701

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Physiology 2 (1868): 80–6. Dohrn, Anton. 1870. Untersuchungen über Bau und Entwicklung der …
  • … ten of which were collected as a book ( Dohrn 1870 ; see also Jenaische Zeitschrift …
  • … für Medizin und Naturwissenschaft 5 (1870) and 6 (1871) and …
  • … Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie 20 (1870) and 21 (1871) for …
  • … the ten papers in Dohrn 1870 , and two further papers that appeared in 1871). In Living …
  • … members of the Crustacea, see Dohrn 1870 , pp.  142–63. ‘Cypris state’: the last (post- …
  • … be translated as ‘petiole’. In Dohrn 1870 , pp.  154–6, Dohrn argued that the peduncle ( …
  • … agreed with CD’s interpretation (see Dohrn 1870 , pp.  156, 172). ‘Schalendrüse’: shell …

To Francis Darwin   30 August [1867–70]

Summary

Asks FD to check whether a Latin sentence is correct.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  30 Aug [1867-70]
Classmark:  DAR 271.3: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7312

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Aug 1867 30 Aug 1868 30 Aug 1869 30 Aug 1870 Francis Darwin …
  • … see letter from John Murray, 10 October [1870] and n.  3). Francis went up to Cambridge on …
  • … on 29 September 1866; he graduated in December 1870 (Emma Darwin’ s diary (DAR 242); Alum. …

From Frederick Du Cane Godman   21 December [1867]

Summary

Sends a copy of his paper in Ibis [2d ser. 2 (1866): 88–109] on the birds of the Azores,

and one by G. R. Crotch on the Coleoptera [Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. (1867): 359–91].

Author:  Frederick Du Cane Godman
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Dec [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 165: 59
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5737

Matches: 4 hits

  • … went to the Azores in 1865 ( Godman 1870 ). Godman’s paper on the birds of the Azores …
  • … 1861, and Morelet 1860 . Godman’s Natural history of the Azores was published in 1870 ( …
  • … Godman 1870 ); there is a lightly annotated copy in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia …
  • … n.s. 2: 88–109. Godman, Frederick Du Cane. 1870. Natural history of the Azores or Western …

To L. C. Wedgwood   8 June [1867–72]

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Summary

Asks her to observe whether her dog exposes his teeth when barking and to think of any facts about expression in her birds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Lucy Caroline Wedgwood; Lucy Caroline Harrison
Date:  8 June [1867-72]
Classmark:  CUL (Add 4251: 334)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7223

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Down 8 June 1867 8 June 1868 8 June 1869 8 June 1870 8 June 1871 8 June 1872 Lucy Caroline …
  • … dog’s snarling in her letter of [25 April 1870] ( Correspondence vol. 18). Wedgwood sent …

From William Sweetland Dallas   4 November 1867

Summary

WSD is pleased that CD approves his index draft [for Variation]; notes his objection to long list of references under "Dogs" and will try to find a principle for shortening it. He has not indexed all authors’ names; is this practice satisfactory?

Author:  William Sweetland Dallas
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Nov 1867
Classmark:  DAR 162: 2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5670

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the Record of Zoological Literature ( Record of Zoological Literature 6 (1870): preface). …
  • … The title Zoological Record was adopted in 1870. CD refers to William Clowes & Sons, the …

From John Lubbock   25 March 1867

Summary

Discusses the practice of exogamy; asks if any animals have an instinctive repugnance to inbreeding.

Author:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Mar 1867
Classmark:  DAR 170: 56
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5459

Matches: 1 hit

  • … For Lubbock’s later discussion of exogamy and endogamy, see Lubbock 1870, pp.  92–113. …

From John Murray   1 November [1867]

Summary

Sends Dallas’ specimen of indexing [for Variation].

Asks CD’s opinion of likelihood of a hybrid of ass and bull, reported in a MS of a journey to Asia Minor he is reading.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Nov [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 352
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5661

Matches: 2 hits

  • … by Henry John Van Lennep ( Van Lennep 1870 ). The published version did not contain the ‘ …
  • … Bibliography Van Lennep, Henry John. 1870. Travels in little-known parts of Asia Minor: …

To Thomas Blunt   5 April [1867]

Summary

Congratulates TB on his son’s success in scientific studies.

Susan Darwin’s death [Oct 1866] has severed last ties of family with Shrewsbury.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Blunt
Date:  5 Apr [1867]
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard University (Albert Stephens Borgman autograph collection MS Am 1631: 95)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5487

Matches: 2 hits

  • … was dissolved sometime between 1863 and 1870; Blunt continued in business as a chemist …
  • … Bristol, Herefordshire, and Shropshire 1863, 1870). Thomas Porter Blunt took a first class …

From C. L. Brace   14 November 1867

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Summary

Distribution of plants.

Removal of posterior molars a common dental practice in America [see Descent 1: 27].

Author:  Charles Loring Brace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Nov 1867
Classmark:  DAR 80: B154–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5679

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Büchner, Haeckel, Fritz Müller, and Vogt, ‘Darwinism in Germany’, was published in 1870 ( …
  • … Brace 1870). In the review, Brace reaffirmed his belief that German science had …
  • … views. There is a presentation copy of Brace 1870 in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.   …

From Benjamin Clarke   25 March 1867

Summary

Thanks for subscription.

Reports experiments with wheat.

Sends notes on producing varieties by pruning.

Author:  Benjamin Clarke
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Mar 1867
Classmark:  DAR 161: 157, 159
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5460

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography Clarke, Benjamin. 1870. On systematic botany and zoology, including a new …
  • … systematic botany and zoology ( Clarke 1870 ; see letter from Benjamin Clarke, 12 March  …

From A. R. Wallace   24 February [1867]

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Summary

Protective role of colours in caterpillars and butterflies. Sexual differences in colours of butterflies.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Feb [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 82: A19–21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5416

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of Lepidoptera and their larvæ. [ Read 1 March 1869 and 4 July 1870. ] Transactions of …
  • … the Entomological Society of London (1869): 21–6; (1870): 337–9. …
  • … 1869 ( Calendar no.  6651). In 1869 and 1870, Weir read a paper describing his experiments …

To J. D. Hooker   17 March [1867]

Summary

The date-palm seed case is important for Pangenesis.

Reports experiments on pollination of Ipomoea.

"Insular floras": A. Murray’s paper in Gardeners’ Chronicle is poor.

John Scott’s work on acclimatisation of plants.

The anomaly of the Azores flora on the migration theory.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 13a–e
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5445

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography Clarke, Benjamin. 1870. On systematic botany and zoology, including a new …
  • … work including animals (Clarke 1866 and Clarke 1870 ; see letter from Benjamin Clarke, 12  …

From Francis Walker   9 December 1867

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Summary

The horns and spines of homopterous insects do not vary between sexes. Sexual differences in Blattidae.

Author:  Francis Walker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Dec 1867
Classmark:  DAR 82: A48–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5718

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of the Linnean Society ( Zoology ) 10 (1870): 82–193, 276–330. Walker, Francis. 1868–70. …
  • … 53, 1118–23, 1296–1301, 1328–33; 5 (1870): 1996–2001. Walker, Francis. 1868. Catalogue of …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   15 May 1867

Summary

Lost proofs have arrived.

Proposes to append the woodcuts of dog and cat varieties from Brehm [Illustrirtes Thierleben (1864–7)], which he has also translated, to the Russian edition of Variation.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 May 1867
Classmark:  DAR 169: 75
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5537

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Russian translation was published between 1866 and 1870 ( [Kovalevsky] trans.  1866–70 ). …

From Thomas Woolner   6 December 1867

Summary

Will have to delay starting on the bust of CD.

Author:  Thomas Woolner
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Dec 1867
Classmark:  DAR 181: 160
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5707

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Woolner finished his marble bust of CD in 1870 ( Woolner 1917 , p.  340). In June 1869, …

From Ernst Haeckel   28 June 1867

Summary

Is engaged to marry Agnes Huschke. Will make wedding trip to Switzerland and Italy in autumn; therefore cannot visit CD as hoped.

Discusses present research. Comments on Protoamoeba with respect to origin of life. Says it makes question of common or separate origin of phyla unimportant.

CD to receive honorary diploma from Imperial Zoological Botanical Society in Vienna.

Sends photograph of Viennese botanist, August Kanitz.

Author:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 June 1867
Classmark:  DAR 166: 45
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5576

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Teide in Tenerife ( Haeckel 1867  and 1870). Haeckel’s study of the developmental history …

From Fritz Müller   17 July 1867

Summary

Thanks CD for sending F. H. G. Hildebrand’s book on fertilisation [Die Geschlechter-Vertheilung bei den Pflanzen (1867)]

and J. D. Hooker’s "Lecture on insular floras".

Describes work on Rubiaceae, Oxalis,

and on crossing orchids. Lists crosses made.

As for CD’s query concerning sexual differences among invertebrates, he gives the case of the local amphipod, Brachyscellus diversilor. Male differs in shape of antennae and coloration.

Also mentions local fish in sea near Sta Catharina which emits melodic tone to attract females.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 July 1867
Classmark:  Möller ed. 1915–21, 2: 130–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5583A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … observations in F.  Müller 1868a, 1869, and 1870; CD added a reference to Müller’s work in …

From Charles Loring Brace   29 April 1867

Summary

Letter of introduction to CD for CLB’s friend Robert S. Rowley.

Author:  Charles Loring Brace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Apr 1867
Classmark:  DAR 160: 272
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5518

Matches: 1 hit

  • … in Germany’, in the North American Review 90 (1870): 284–99. Since his return from his …

From A. R. Wallace   2 March [1867]

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Summary

Pleased that CD approves his idea about caterpillars.

Thinks CD is right about selection in butterflies, but still believes protective adaptation has kept down colours of females.

Cannot yet see action of natural selection in forming the races of man.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 85: A98
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5968

Matches: 1 hit

  • … R.  Wallace 1864b) in A.  R.  Wallace 1870, pp.  303–31. For CD’s and Wallace’s differing …
Document type
letter (27)
Date
1867
01 (3)
02 (1)
03 (5)
04 (2)
05 (1)
06 (2)
07 (2)
08 (2)
11 (6)
12 (3)
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Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The …
  • … machine’  ( letter to Charles Lyell, 25 December [1870] ). Finishing Descent; …
  • … some weeks’  ( letter to Albert Günther, 13 January [1870] ). Darwin was still working hard on …
  • … I shall be’  ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). She had previously read proof-sheets …
  • … shd. turn parson?’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Henrietta disagreed: ‘Certainly …
  • … of man!’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [after 8 February 1870] ). Darwin was also encouraged …
  • … sense of mankind’ ( letter to F. P. Cobbe, 23 March [1870?] ). Cobbe accused Darwin of smiling in …
  • … great philosophy?’ ( letter from F. P. Cobbe, 28 March [1870?] ). Humans as animals: ears …
  • … [1868] ; this volume, letter to Thomas Woolner, 10 March [1870] ). Darwin included Woolner’s …
  • … findings ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 15 March 1870 ). Indeed, Darwin noted the same …
  • … bane of existence!’ ( letter to William Ogle, 9 November 1870 ). Researching expression: …
  • … spirits were white ( letter from W. W. Reade, 9 November 1870 ). Keen for more evidence of …
  • … hurting it much?’ ( letter to A. D. Bartlett, 5 January [1870] ). Darwin made a similar request of …
  • … not succeed’ ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 8 June [1870] ). Darwin’s queries were part …
  • … of a baby’s brows ( letter from L. C. Wedgwood, [5 May 1870] ). He also wrote to a leading Dutch …
  • … on this subject’  ( letter from F. C. Donders, 17 May 1870 ). Human evolution: debates and …
  • … more fully in a collection of essays published in April 1870 (Wallace 1870a). Wallace wrote to …
  • … naturalist’ (letter to A. R.Wallace, 26 January [1870]). Despite their increasing …
  • … in one sense rivals’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 20 April [1870] ). Darwin alluded here to the …
  • … No one but yourself’ ( letter from H. W. Bates, 20 May 1870 ). Darwin very rarely used the …
  • … never  write reviews’ ( letter to H. W. Bates, [22 May 1870] ). St George Jackson Mivart …
  • … to answer objectors’ ( letter to W. H. Flower, 25 March [1870] ). In his letters to Mivart, Darwin …
  • … on the Primates’ ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 23 April [1870] ). He also tried to recruit Mivart’s …
  • … lump of granite’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 22 April 1870 ). Mivart hinted that his …
  • … his “origin” ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 25 April 1870 ). In his critical essays (later revised …
  • … Charles Darwin et ses précurseurs français  (Quatrefages 1870), that gave a detailed account, as …
  • … many others’  ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 28 May [1870] ). Quatrefages had …
  • … discord’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 30 March 1870 ). In proposing Darwin for election, …
  • … them’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870 ). The assertion had been made by Emile …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Brooke, C.A.J. 30 Nov 1870 Sarawak, Borneo …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 15 March 1870 West Riding …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 18 March 1870 Down, Kent, …
  • … Donders, F.C. 27 May 1870 Utrecht, Netherlands …
  • … Forbes, David 13 June 1870 Portman Square, London W. …
  • … Nicol, Patrick 13 May 1870 Sussex Lunatic Asylum, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. [c.8 or 9 Apr 1870] Accra, West …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 4 June 1870 Lagos, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 3 Sept 1870 Conservative Club, St …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 9 Nov 1870 11 St Mary Abbot's …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [25 May 1870] Bedford, Cape of Good …
  • … Weir, J.J. 27 June 1870 Blackheath, London, England …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before …
  • … Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September 1870] Darwin asks Murray to …
  • … Letter 7177 - Cupples, G. to Darwin, [29 April 1870] George Cupples tells Darwin about a …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … honours in the natural sciences tripos in December 1870. The small amount of surviving …
  • … I appear to you’ (letter to Francis Darwin,  18 October [1870] ). Subsequently Francis …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … behaviour of her dog (letter from J. L. Gray, 14 February 1870 ), she also passed on information …

Casting about: Darwin on worms

Summary

Earthworms were the subject of a citizen science project to map the distribution of earthworms across Britain (BBC Today programme, 26 May 2014). The general understanding of the role earthworms play in improving soils and providing nutrients for plants to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … on my mind’ ( letter to W. T. Preyer, 17 February [1870 ])) that without earthworms aerating the …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … more litters & no happy results”, he wrote on 26 April 1870 . In the following year, Galton …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of Descent (letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Audio of more …

Darwin and Gender Projects by Harvard Students

Summary

Working in collaboration with Professor Sarah Richardson and Dr Myrna Perez, Darwin Correspondence Project staff developed a customised set of 'Darwin and Gender' themed resources for a course on Gender, Sex and Evolution first taught at Harvard…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grateful I shall be.”(Letter to Darwin, H. E., [8 Feb 1870] ) Although Miranda acknowledges that …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … ideas to humans.  After his election as MP for Maidstone in 1870, Lubbock tried at Darwin’s request …
  • … Lubbock’s Origin of civilisation , published in 1870 as Darwin was completing Descent, was …
  • … good of my internal viscera’ ( to John Lubbock, 21 July [1870] ). It seems what principally gave …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … you owe any more … Darwin to his son Francis, 1870. …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7179 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [5 May 1870] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, …
  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … & I feel deeply for you. ( Letter to F. C. Donders, 19 May 1870 )     …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …
  • … Letter 7329 – Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7314 - Kovalevsky, S. to Darwin, [1 September 1870] Sophia Kovalevsky accepts …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7145 : Darwin to Cobbe, F. P. 23 March [1870?] Darwin met the religious writer and …
  • … Letter 7149 : Cobbe, F. P. to Darwin, 28 March [1870?] "I more than suspect you of a …

Power of movement in plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Family experiments Darwin was an active and engaged father during his children's youth, involving them in his experiments and even occasionally using them as observational subjects. When his children…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 7346 - Darwin to Francis Darwin, 18 October 1870 Darwin writes to Francis to …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the basis for a new German edition (Bronn and Carus trans. 1870), prepared by Julius Victor Carus, …
  • … own evolutionary views and critical commentary (Royer trans. 1870). Darwin complained to Hooker, …
  • … work some hours daily’ ( letter to Anton Dohrn, 4 January 1870 ). Darwin’s health was generally …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Morning Star in 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75, 1 February 1872, p. 66). The …
  • … of a prize for a humane trap ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). The prize was still …
  • … England and Wales every night ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). Under these circumstances, …
  • … Star , 8 December 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). 5 Animal baiting, …
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