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To J. D. Hooker   9 May [1856]

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Summary

Lyell urges CD to publish a sketch of species theory; CD asks JDH’s opinion on best course.

Concerned about opposition, particularly by Owen, to Huxley’s admission to Athenaeum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 May [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 161
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1870

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DCP-LETT-1870

From J. D. Hooker   24 September 1870

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Summary

Reports on the 1870 BAAS meeting at Liverpool. Huxley’s address was over the heads of the laymen.

Tyndall’s was eloquent to listen to, disappointing to read.

George Rolleston’s "Rococo" address [Nature 2 (1870): 423–7, 442–6].

Murchison.

Lyell.

Has done an immense lot of work.

Regrets CD has not kept the simple title "Origin of man" [for Descent].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Sept 1870
Classmark:  DAR 103: 57–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7323

Matches: 23 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   24 September 1870
  • … DAR 103: 57–9 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 24 Sept 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Reports on the 1870 BAAS meeting at Liverpool. Huxley’s address was over the heads of the …
  • … Rolleston’s "Rococo" address [ Nature 2 (1870): 423–7, 442–6]. Murchison. Lyell. Has done …
  • … Bibliography Murchison, Roderick Impey. 1870. Address to the geography section. Report of …
  • … Science; held at Liverpool in September 1870 , Transactions of the sections, pp. 158–66. …
  • … in Liverpool from 14 to 21 September 1870 (see Report of the 40th meeting of the British …
  • … the presidential address on 14 September 1870 (T.  H.  Huxley 1870c). The topic of Huxley’ …
  • … On the title of the book, see the letter to John Murray, [after 1 July 1870] and n.  2. …
  • … Franco-Prussian War had broken out in July 1870 (see Wawro 2003 ). The Captain , a turret- …
  • … ship with a crew of 500, was lost at sea on 7 September 1870; there were only 20  …
  • … survivors (see Annual Register 1870). …
  • … University Press. 2004. Tyndall, John. 1870. On the scientific use of the imagination: a …
  • … at Liverpool, on Friday evening, 16th September 1870. London: Longmans, Green & Co. Wawro, …
  • … war: the German conquest of France in 1870–1871. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. …
  • … T.  H.  Huxley 1870c, p.  lxxxiii). See letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 8 July [1870] and n.   …
  • … 9, and 12 July [1870] . The reference is to Lay sermons, addresses, and reviews (T.  H.   …
  • … s address, ‘On the scientific use of the imagination’ ( Tyndall 1870 ). CD had read proofs …
  • … see letter to John Tyndall, 8 September 1870 ). George Rolleston was president of the …
  • … and ethnology section (see Murchison 1870 ). Hooker refers to the Hebrew prophet Elijah …
  • … appeared in The Times , 19 September 1870, p.  12; the title was given as ‘The social and …
  • … member of the British Association in 1870 ( Report of the 40th meeting of the British …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [31 May 1870] ). Frances Harriet Hooker. William Erasmus …

To J. D. Hooker   27 September [1870]

Summary

Comments on JDH’s report of Liverpool meeting.

Huxley’s address.

Sir Roderick [Murchison]’s "apotheosis".

Tyndall’s lecture is "grand" except for egotistical beginning. Some Frenchmen have pitched into CD for using the "as if" reasoning, which Tyndall shows is justified.

Has just read George Rolleston’s address in Nature.

Anton Dohrn says German public have high opinion of Lyell.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  27 Sept [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 181–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7328

Matches: 20 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   27 September [1870] …
  • … DAR 94: 181–3 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Sept [1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … and George Howard Darwin to visit Kew. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 September 1870 . …
  • … New York: Springer Verlag. Tyndall, John. 1870. On the scientific use of the imagination: …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 September 1870 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 September 1870  and n.  3. The annual meeting of the British Association …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 September 1870 . CD refers to Anton Dohrn. Dohrn’s …
  • … at Liverpool, on Friday evening, 16th September 1870. London: Longmans, Green & Co. …
  • … generation, was published in Nature 2 (1870): 400–6. CD refers to Roderick Impey …
  • … Murchison. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 September 1870  and n.  7. The …
  • … address, ‘On the scientific use of the imagination’ ( Tyndall 1870 ). See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 September 1870  and n.  5. George Howard Darwin. In a debate over his …
  • … that were not demonstrable. See Revue des Cours Scientifiques , 23 July 1870, p.  529, and …
  • … the summary of the French debate in Nature 2 (1870): 298 and 309. …
  • … See also letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870 and n.   …
  • … 6, and letter to John Tyndall, 8 September 1870  and n.  3. …
  • … CD refers to George Rolleston and to Rolleston 1870. The first portion …
  • … of Rolleston’s address was published in Nature 2 (1870): 423–8. See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 September 1870  and n.  6. Hooker had tried to discover whether seed from a …
  • … in Rolleston’s address (see Rolleston 1870, p.  98). The enclosure has not been found. CD …

To J. D. Hooker   8 July [1870]

Summary

Thinks well of Claparède’s criticism; worth publishing as an answer to Wallace. Bates thinks Wallace’s heterodox views have done mischief to the cause of evolution. Wallace thinks Claparède’s article very weak, CD concludes, because Claparède has arrived at an unpleasant judgment very much like Lyell’s about Bentham’s address.

CD would wager Lyell lately has said something about European Proteaceae.

Does not remember anyone before Wallace on Sumatra and Java.

CD does not think he has a chance against Brandt in French Academy election.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 July [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 177–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7271

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   8 July [1870] …
  • … Johann Friedrich von Brandt. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [6 or 7 July 1870] and n.  5. …
  • … DAR 94: 177–8 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 July [1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … between this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 10 July 1870 . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 2 July [1870] and nn.  3 and 4. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [6 or 7 July 1870] and n.  3. CD refers to Edouard Claparède and …
  • … as applied to humans. See letter from H.  W.  Bates, 20 May 1870  and n.  1. See letter …
  • … from A.  R.  Wallace, 6 July 1870  and n.  3. CD refers to Charles Lyell and George …
  • … Bentham. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 July [1870] and n.  7, and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [6 or 7 July 1870] . CD refers to Friedrich Anton Wilhelm Miquel. See …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [6 or 7 July 1870] and n.  7. CD refers to Brian Houghton …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [6 or 7 July 1870] and n.  8. Thomas Henry Huxley had …
  • … Huxley’s observation in a letter of 2 May 1870 (Huxley papers MS 10.238 (Imperial College …

From J. D. Hooker   [31 May 1870]

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Summary

Sends enclosure [a letter from Lady Lyell?]. He is choking with vanity.

Is going to send Willy to Mr La Touche in Salop; he brought up young Colenso and Frank Lyell. Some of his friends will think he is sending his son into a nest of young adders!

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [31 May 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 46; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Directors’ Correspondence 105: 236)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6964

Matches: 18 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [31 May 1870] …
  • … Correspondence 105: 236) Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [31 May 1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Lovell Reeve. Hooker, Joseph Dalton. 1870. The student’s flora of the British Islands. …
  • … and the relationship between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 [June 1870] . …
  • … The first Tuesday after 30 May 1870 was 31 May. The enclosure, from Hewett Cottrell …
  • … probably with CD’s letter of 2 [June 1870] . William Erasmus Darwin. William Henslow …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [22 May 1870] ). James Digues La Touche was the vicar of …
  • … distribution. Watson, Hewett Cottrell. 1870. A compendium of the Cybele Britannica: or …
  • … as a subspecies of C.  album ( Hooker 1870 , p.  316). The name Hypericum quadrangulum , …
  • … name for H.  quadrangulum (see Hooker 1870 , p.  69, and Robson 1990 , p.  136). Hypericum …
  • … Watson refers to The student’s flora of the British Islands ( Hooker 1870 ), published …
  • … in May 1870 ( Publishers’ …
  • … Circular (1870): 328). For …
  • … Hooker’s appendix of excluded species, see Hooker 1870 , pp.  475–80. Watson refers to …
  • … Britannica: or British plants in their geographical relations ( Watson 1870 , pp.  425–9). …
  • … The book appeared in November 1870 ( Publishers’ …
  • … Circular (1870): 762), but had already been privately …
  • … published in three parts between 1868 and 1870. CD’s annotated copy of the privately …

To J. D. Hooker   2 July [1870]

Summary

Thanks JDH for offer of lilies.

The paper on orchids is by Hermann Müller [Verh. Naturhist. Ver. Preuss. Rheinlande & Westphalens 25 (1868): 1–62], on Platanthera and Epipactis.

Cites another work by P. Rohrbach [Über den Blüthenbau (1866)].

MS [of Descent] ready for printer.

Has read Bentham’s last Linnean Society [Presidential] Address [Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (1870): lxxiv–xciv] with great interest.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 July [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 175–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7261

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   2 July [1870] …
  • … DAR 94: 175–6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 July [1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … were numerous in Europe during Eocene times ( Bentham 1870 , pp.  lxxxiv–lxxxix). …
  • … Bibliography Bentham, George. 1870. Anniversary address. [ …
  • … Read 24 May 1870. ] Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 27: lxxiv–xciv. Müller, …
  • … Presidential] Address [ Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (1870): lxxiv–xciv] with great interest. …
  • … between this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 1 July 1870 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 1 July 1870 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 1 July 1870  and n.  3. CD refers to Hermann Müller’s observations on …
  • … CD visited London from 24 June to 1 July 1870, but did not visit Hooker (see ‘Journal’ ( …

To J. D. Hooker   [29 June 1870]

Summary

Asks whether JDH can send seeds of Hibiscus africanus and of Nolana prostrata raised at Kew.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [29 June 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 173
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7251

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [29 June 1870] …
  • … 94: 173 Charles Robert Darwin London Queen Anne St, 6 [29 June 1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … seed merchants Carter, Dunnett and Beale of London ( Post Office London directory 1870). …
  • … Sunday was 26 June 1870; the Darwins went back to …
  • … Down on Friday 1 July 1870. …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 May [1870] and [ …
  • … 13 June 1870? ] , and by the dates of CD’s visit …
  • … were in London from 24 June to 1 July 1870 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). The only …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [13 June 1870? ] and n.  2, and Cross and self fertilisation , …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [13 June 1870? ] and nn.  3 and 4. Hibiscus africanus is a …

From J. D. Hooker   [6 or 7 July 1870]

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Summary

Has CD read E. Claparède ["Remarques à propos de l’ouvrage de M. Alfred Russel Wallace sur la théorie de la sélection naturelle", Arch. Sci. Phys. & Nat. n.s. 38 (1870): 160–89]? Is it worth translating?

CD and J.-F. de Brandt are "en lutte for Ac. of Sc. [France]. What a farce it is".

His work on Nepenthes supports Miquel’s and Wallace’s view of the zoology of Borneo and Sumatra.

Brian Hodgson on dogs.

H. C. Bastian’s book [The modes of origin of lowest organisms (1871)] unsatisfactory.

Lyell does not share CD’s view of Bentham’s address.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [6 or 7 July 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 55–56
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7267

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [6 or 7 July 1870] …
  • … DAR 103: 55–56 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [6 or 7 July 1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … naturelle", Arch. Sci. Phys. & Nat. n.s. 38 (1870): 160–89]? Is it worth translating? CD …
  • … Bibliography Bastian, Henry Charlton. 1870. Facts and reasonings concerning the …
  • … Würtz [and others]. Claparède, Edouard. 1870. Remarques à propos de l’ouvrage de M. Alfred …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 July [1870] and …
  • … 8 July [1870] , and by the reference to a visit from Charles …
  • … Lyell on Tuesday. In 1870, the first Tuesday after 2 July was 5 July. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 July [1870] and nn.  3 and 4. Hooker refers to Edouard Claparède and …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 July [1870] and n.  7. Hooker refers to George Macleay and …
  • … on the development of humans ( Claparède 1870 ). Hooker refers to Descent ; CD had not …
  • … see letter to John Murray, [after 1 July 1870] ). Both Johann Friedrich von Brandt and CD …
  • … zoological section of the academy on 4 July 1870; CD was elected to the botanical section …
  • … Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences 71 (1870): 41, and 87 (1878): 245; Corsi and Weindling  …
  • … the first and possibly second part of Bastian 1870 , a paper on evolution, published in …
  • … the 30 June and 7 July 1870 issues of Nature. Hooker refers to Charles Lyell and to George …

To J. D. Hooker   25 May [1870]

Summary

Concern about futures of Willy [Hooker] and Horace [Darwin].

Henrietta [Darwin] back from Cannes.

CD has been to Cambridge to visit Frank [Darwin]. Saw Sedgwick, who took him to the [Geological] Museum and utterly exhausted him. Humiliating to be "killed by a man of 86".

Saw Alfred Newton.

CD has been working away on man, to much greater length (as usual) than expected,

and on cross- and self-fertilisation.

Does JDH happen to have seeds of Canna warszewiczii matured in some hot country?

Sympathises with JDH on Dawson’s paper – amusing that Dawson hashes up E. D. Cope’s and L. Agassiz’s views.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 May [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 169–72
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7200

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   25 May [1870] …
  • … DAR 94: 169–72 Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 May [1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … 133–4). CD refers to Charles Paget Hooker. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [22 May 1870] . …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [22 May 1870] . CD refers to …
  • … student’s flora of the British Islands ( Hooker 1870 ). William Henslow Hooker. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [22 May 1870] and n.  2. Henrietta Emma Darwin. CD refers to Francis …
  • … Murray. 1871. Hooker, Joseph Dalton. 1870. The student’s flora of the British Islands. …
  • … Sir William Dawson’s Bakerian Lecture of 1870. Notes and Records of the Royal Society of …
  • … and CD had visited the Woodwardian Museum, Cambridge, on 23 May 1870 (see letter to …
  • … Alfred Newton [22 May 1870]). Alfred Newton. John Stevens Henslow had died in 1861. CD …
  • … 108). Descent went to press on 30 August 1870 (see CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). CD had …
  • … letter from Federico Delpino, 20 May  1870  and n.  3). CD has double scored both margins, …
  • … s critical report on John William Dawson’s Bakerian lecture of 1870 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [22 May 1870] and n.  5). The other referee was Peter Martin Duncan, who gave …

From J. D. Hooker   [7 March 1870]

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Summary

Does not give much for botanical results of Round Island, but the zoology is wonderful.

Lyell’s new book [The student’s elements of geology (1870)]. Urges Lyell to make it Elementary principles.

Grove is disgusted with CD for being disquieted by William Thomson: "Take another dose of Huxley’s penultimate address to Geol. Soc." [Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 25 (1869): 28–53].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [7 Mar 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 42–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6646

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [7 March 1870] …
  • … DAR 103: 42–5 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [7 Mar 1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Press. 1985–. Hooker, Joseph Dalton. 1870. The student’s flora of the British Islands. …
  • … The student’s elements of geology (1870)]. Urges Lyell to make it Elementary principles . …
  • … the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 21 February [1870], and by the reference to CD’s being in …
  • … The Darwins came to London on 5 March 1870 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). The first …
  • … dated 17 November 1869 and 13 January 1870 (Archives of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, DC …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker to Emma Darwin, 29 March 1870, and this volume, letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 21 February [1870]. The Darwins returned to Kent on 12 March (Emma Darwin’s …
  • … not meet during this visit ( see letter to Asa Gray, 15 March 1870 ). See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 21 February [1870]. Hooker refers to Round Island near Mauritius. Hooker …
  • … s flora of the British Islands ( Hooker 1870 ). Hooker refers to William Robert Grove, …

To Joseph Dalton Hooker   21 February [1870]

Summary

Has read the notes on Rond [Round] Island which he owes to JDH. What an enigma its flora and fauna present, especially the problem of monocotyledons! Asks JDH’s opinion.

A new book on St Helena confirms CD’s observations.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 Feb [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 164–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7115

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Joseph Dalton Hooker   21 February [1870] …
  • … DAR 94: 164–6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Feb [1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … on the summit of Round Island ( Barkly  1870 , p.  101). CD refers to The geology of St …
  • … Bibliography Barkly, Henry. 1870. Notes on the flora and fauna of Round …
  • … Mauritius almanac and colonial register for 1870. Edited by John B. Kyshe. Mauritius: [ …
  • … 30 December 1869 and published in the Mauritius almanac and colonial register for 1870 ( …
  • … Barkly 1870 ). The proof-sheets, corrected by Barkly and annotated by CD, are in the …
  • … Alvey Darwin from 5 March to 12 March 1870 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Round Island, …
  • … to 14, the established norms in the tropics being 1 to 5 ( Barkly 1870 , p.  95). Barkly …

From J. D. Hooker   10 July 1870

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Summary

Sends seeds from R. L. Playfair in Algiers.

F. Delpino writes asking where M. A. Curtis has published physiological observations on Dionaea ["Enumeration of plants growing spontaneously around Wilmington, North Carolina", Boston J. Nat. Hist. 1 (1834–7): 82–140; see Insectivorous plants, p. 301 n.].

Talk with Duke of Argyll on CD’s and Wallace’s views on man.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 July 1870
Classmark:  DAR 103: 53–4; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Directors’ Correspondence 17a: 117)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7272

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   10 July 1870
  • … Correspondence 17a: 117) Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 10 July 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … memorandum to J.  D.  Hooker, [13 June 1870? ]. CD had asked for seeds of Iberis amara , …
  • … tingitanus from Playfair on 4 July 1870. No other seeds were recorded. The references are …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [ 29 June 1870] and n.  2. In Cross and self fertilisation , …
  • … place in Liverpool from 14 to 21 September 1870 ( Report of the fortieth meeting of the …
  • … University Press. 2004. Sachs, Julius. 1870. Lehrbuch der Botanik nach dem gegenwärtigen …
  • … on botany ( W.  Curtis 1805 ). See letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 July [1870] and nn.   …
  • … 3 and 4, and 8 July [1870]. George Douglas Campbell evidently agreed with the view …
  • … ODNB s.v. Campbell, George Douglas). Hooker refers to Julius Sachs and to Sachs 1870 . CD’ …
  • … s annotated presentation copy of Sachs 1870  is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia …
  • … the memorandum to J.  D.  Hooker, [13 June 1870? ]. Iberis umbellata is globe candytuft. …

To J. D. Hooker   [13 June 1870?]

Summary

Orders seeds, ripened in Algiers; imported seed would be of no use. [Forwarded to Algiers by JDH, see 7272.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [13 June 1870?]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7210

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [13 June 1870? ] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25. ) Charles Robert Darwin unstated [13 June 1870? ] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … memorandum was handed to Hooker when he visited Down on 13 June 1870 ( letter to St G.   …
  • … J.  Mivart, 13 June [1870] ). See also the letters to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 25 May [1870] and [ …
  • … 29 June 1870] , and the letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 10 July 1870 . The variety Kermesiana (as CD spells it in Cross and self …

To J. D. Hooker   12 July [1870]

Summary

Has not heard of Curtis on Dionaea.

Duke of Argyll is clever, but it is a sin to speak of a real old Duke as a "little beggar".

"My theology is a simple muddle: I cannot look at the Universe as the result of blind chance, yet I can see no evidence of beneficent Design."

On spontaneous generation and Bastian.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 July [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 179–180
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7273

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   12 July [1870] …
  • … DAR 94: 179–180 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 July [1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 10 July 1870 . The reference is to Robert Lambert Playfair. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 10 July 1870  and n.  1. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 10 July 1870  and nn.  2 and 3. Moses Ashley Curtis, not William …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 10 July 1870 . CD refers to experiments conducted by Henry …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 8 July [1870] and n.  9). CD refers to experiments performed …

To J. D. Hooker   2 [June 1870]

Summary

Returns H. C. Watson’s letter.

CD must study JDH’s manner of arrangement of varieties and subspecies, etc.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 [June 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 174
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7214

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   2 [June 1870] …
  • … DAR 94: 174 Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 [June 1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … to praise his Student’s flora of the British Islands ( Hooker 1870 ); see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [31 May 1870] and enclosure. For an earlier disagreement between Hooker and …
  • … Press. 1985–. Hooker, Joseph Dalton. 1870. The student’s flora of the British Islands. …

To J. D. Hooker   8 March [1870]

Summary

Would like to see JDH become Sir J. H. Does not think JDH owes his position in science to his father.

Sends questions on Round Island – if JDH should write [to Henry Barkly?].

Has he read Federico Delpino on Marantaceae [Nuovo G. Bot. Ital. 1 (1869): 293–206]?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 Mar [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 167–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7128

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   8 March [1870] …
  • … 94: 167–8 Charles Robert Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 8 Mar [1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Barkly. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [7 March 1870] and n.  4. Round Island, Mauritius. …
  • … Delpino and Delpino 1870b. See also letter from Federico Delpino, 28 February 1870 . …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [7 March 1870] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [7 March 1870] . CD was staying with his brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin. Hooker …

To J. D. Hooker   22 [January 1844 – March 1882]

Summary

Discusses books returned

and invites him to Down for a few days.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 [Jan 1844 - Mar 1882]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (14 & 28 May 1983)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13816A

Matches: 12 hits

  • … 22 July 1869 22 Aug 1869 22 Sept 1869 22 Oct 1869 22 Nov 1869 22 Dec 1869 22 Jan 1870 22 …
  • … Feb 1870 22 …
  • … Mar 1870 22 …
  • … Apr 1870 22 …
  • … May 1870 22 …
  • … June 1870 22 …
  • … July 1870 22 …
  • … Aug 1870 22 …
  • … Sept 1870 22 …
  • … Oct 1870 22 …
  • … Nov 1870 22 …
  • … Dec 1870 22 Jan 1871 22 Feb 1871 22 Mar 1871 22 Apr 1871 22 May 1871 22 June 1871 22 July …

To J. D. Hooker   14 October [1870]

Summary

Does not think so poorly of Nature as JDH does, by any means; fears Popular Science Review is rather ephemeral but more durable than Nature.

The case of the charlock.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 Oct [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 184–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7344

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   14 October [1870] …
  • … DAR 94: 184–5 Charles Robert Darwin Leith Hill Place 14 Oct [1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 12 October 1870 . CD was visiting the home of his sister …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 12 October 1870 ). Pop. Sc. R. : Popular Science Review. …
  • … and Hooker’s ongoing joke about ‘wriggling’, see the letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1870] . …

From J. D. Hooker   1 July 1870

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Summary

Hibiscus and Nolana seeds not harvested at Kew. Sends list of the best plants of Lilium he can give.

Asks CD for name of work on orchids mentioned in his supplementary paper ["Fertilization of orchids", Collected papers 2: 138–56].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 July 1870
Classmark:  DAR 103: 51–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7258

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   1 July 1870
  • … DAR 103: 51–2 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 1 July 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [29 June 1870] . CD had asked for seeds of Hibiscus africanus …
  • … papers 2: 147)). CD’s annotation is a note for his letter to Hooker of 2 July [1870]. …

From J. D. Hooker   [22 May 1870]

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Summary

Willy is back from New Zealand. JDH perturbed by what to do with him.

J. W. Dawson’s Bakerian lecture for Royal Society is full of errors, and JDH is forced to recommend that it not be published. [An abstract of the lecture was published: "On the pre-Carboniferous floras of north-eastern America", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 18 (1869–70): 333–5.]

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [22 May 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 47–50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7198

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [22 May 1870] …
  • … DAR 103: 47–50 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [22 May 1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Sir William Dawson’s Bakerian Lecture of 1870. Notes and Records of the Royal Society of …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 May [1870] . …
  • … The Sunday before 25 May 1870 was 22 May. The last known letter written by Hooker was that …
  • … John William Dawson’s Bakerian lecture of 1870. He sent a highly critical report to George …
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Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The …
  • … machine’  ( letter to Charles Lyell, 25 December [1870] ). Finishing Descent; …
  • … some weeks’  ( letter to Albert Günther, 13 January [1870] ). Darwin was still working hard on …
  • … I shall be’  ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). She had previously read proof-sheets …
  • … shd. turn parson?’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Henrietta disagreed: ‘Certainly …
  • … of man!’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [after 8 February 1870] ). Darwin was also encouraged …
  • … sense of mankind’ ( letter to F. P. Cobbe, 23 March [1870?] ). Cobbe accused Darwin of smiling in …
  • … great philosophy?’ ( letter from F. P. Cobbe, 28 March [1870?] ). Humans as animals: ears …
  • … [1868] ; this volume, letter to Thomas Woolner, 10 March [1870] ). Darwin included Woolner’s …
  • … findings ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 15 March 1870 ). Indeed, Darwin noted the same …
  • … bane of existence!’ ( letter to William Ogle, 9 November 1870 ). Researching expression: …
  • … spirits were white ( letter from W. W. Reade, 9 November 1870 ). Keen for more evidence of …
  • … hurting it much?’ ( letter to A. D. Bartlett, 5 January [1870] ). Darwin made a similar request of …
  • … not succeed’ ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 8 June [1870] ). Darwin’s queries were part …
  • … of a baby’s brows ( letter from L. C. Wedgwood, [5 May 1870] ). He also wrote to a leading Dutch …
  • … on this subject’  ( letter from F. C. Donders, 17 May 1870 ). Human evolution: debates and …
  • … more fully in a collection of essays published in April 1870 (Wallace 1870a). Wallace wrote to …
  • … naturalist’ (letter to A. R.Wallace, 26 January [1870]). Despite their increasing …
  • … in one sense rivals’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 20 April [1870] ). Darwin alluded here to the …
  • … No one but yourself’ ( letter from H. W. Bates, 20 May 1870 ). Darwin very rarely used the …
  • … never  write reviews’ ( letter to H. W. Bates, [22 May 1870] ). St George Jackson Mivart …
  • … to answer objectors’ ( letter to W. H. Flower, 25 March [1870] ). In his letters to Mivart, Darwin …
  • … on the Primates’ ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 23 April [1870] ). He also tried to recruit Mivart’s …
  • … lump of granite’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 22 April 1870 ). Mivart hinted that his …
  • … his “origin” ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 25 April 1870 ). In his critical essays (later revised …
  • … Charles Darwin et ses précurseurs français  (Quatrefages 1870), that gave a detailed account, as …
  • … many others’  ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 28 May [1870] ). Quatrefages had …
  • … discord’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 30 March 1870 ). In proposing Darwin for election, …
  • … them’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870 ). The assertion had been made by Emile …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Brooke, C.A.J. 30 Nov 1870 Sarawak, Borneo …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 15 March 1870 West Riding …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 18 March 1870 Down, Kent, …
  • … Donders, F.C. 27 May 1870 Utrecht, Netherlands …
  • … Forbes, David 13 June 1870 Portman Square, London W. …
  • … Nicol, Patrick 13 May 1870 Sussex Lunatic Asylum, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. [c.8 or 9 Apr 1870] Accra, West …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 4 June 1870 Lagos, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 3 Sept 1870 Conservative Club, St …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 9 Nov 1870 11 St Mary Abbot's …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [25 May 1870] Bedford, Cape of Good …
  • … Weir, J.J. 27 June 1870 Blackheath, London, England …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before …
  • … Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September 1870] Darwin asks Murray to …
  • … Letter 7177 - Cupples, G. to Darwin, [29 April 1870] George Cupples tells Darwin about a …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … honours in the natural sciences tripos in December 1870. The small amount of surviving …
  • … I appear to you’ (letter to Francis Darwin,  18 October [1870] ). Subsequently Francis …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … behaviour of her dog (letter from J. L. Gray, 14 February 1870 ), she also passed on information …

Casting about: Darwin on worms

Summary

Earthworms were the subject of a citizen science project to map the distribution of earthworms across Britain (BBC Today programme, 26 May 2014). The general understanding of the role earthworms play in improving soils and providing nutrients for plants to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … on my mind’ ( letter to W. T. Preyer, 17 February [1870 ])) that without earthworms aerating the …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … more litters & no happy results”, he wrote on 26 April 1870 . In the following year, Galton …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of Descent (letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Audio of more …

Darwin and Gender Projects by Harvard Students

Summary

Working in collaboration with Professor Sarah Richardson and Dr Myrna Perez, Darwin Correspondence Project staff developed a customised set of 'Darwin and Gender' themed resources for a course on Gender, Sex and Evolution first taught at Harvard…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grateful I shall be.”(Letter to Darwin, H. E., [8 Feb 1870] ) Although Miranda acknowledges that …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … ideas to humans.  After his election as MP for Maidstone in 1870, Lubbock tried at Darwin’s request …
  • … Lubbock’s Origin of civilisation , published in 1870 as Darwin was completing Descent, was …
  • … good of my internal viscera’ ( to John Lubbock, 21 July [1870] ). It seems what principally gave …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … you owe any more … Darwin to his son Francis, 1870. …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7179 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [5 May 1870] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, …
  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … & I feel deeply for you. ( Letter to F. C. Donders, 19 May 1870 )     …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …
  • … Letter 7329 – Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7314 - Kovalevsky, S. to Darwin, [1 September 1870] Sophia Kovalevsky accepts …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7145 : Darwin to Cobbe, F. P. 23 March [1870?] Darwin met the religious writer and …
  • … Letter 7149 : Cobbe, F. P. to Darwin, 28 March [1870?] "I more than suspect you of a …

Power of movement in plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Family experiments Darwin was an active and engaged father during his children's youth, involving them in his experiments and even occasionally using them as observational subjects. When his children…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 7346 - Darwin to Francis Darwin, 18 October 1870 Darwin writes to Francis to …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the basis for a new German edition (Bronn and Carus trans. 1870), prepared by Julius Victor Carus, …
  • … own evolutionary views and critical commentary (Royer trans. 1870). Darwin complained to Hooker, …
  • … work some hours daily’ ( letter to Anton Dohrn, 4 January 1870 ). Darwin’s health was generally …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Morning Star in 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75, 1 February 1872, p. 66). The …
  • … of a prize for a humane trap ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). The prize was still …
  • … England and Wales every night ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). Under these circumstances, …
  • … Star , 8 December 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). 5 Animal baiting, …
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