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From V. O. Kovalevsky   12 December [1870]

Summary

Progress on his Russian translation of Descent.

Alexander Kovalevsky is at Tor in Sinai, where C. G. Ehrenberg was in 1827.

Has CD seen Ernst Haeckel’s new book [Biologische Studien (1870–7)]?

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Dec [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 169: 68
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7389

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From V.  O.  Kovalevsky   12 December [1870] …
  • … Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) Berlin 12 Dec [1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … was in 1827. Has CD seen Ernst Haeckel’s new book [ Biologische Studien (1870–7)]? …
  • … Down in late August and early October 1870 (see Correspondence vol. 18, Appendix II). …
  • … Ernst Haeckel’s Biologische Studien ( Haeckel 1870–7 ) was a collection of earlier works. …
  • … Kovalevsky refers to Haeckel 1870–7 , 1: 119–27; amylum is starch. …
  • … from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 22 November 1870 . Kovalevsky was preparing a Russian translation …
  • … See letter to John Murray, 26 September 1870  and n.  1. John Murray charged £14 for …
  • … letter from John Murray, 10 October [1870] ). Kovalevsky refers to Alexander Onufrievich …
  • … Scribner’s Sons. 1970–90. Haeckel, Ernst. 1870–7. Biologische Studien. 2 vols. Vol. 1: …
  • … letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 22 November 1870 . Ehrenberg took part in an expedition to …
  • … DSB ). See letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 15 September 1870  and n.  2. CD had visited …
  • … moated manor house in Kent, in October 1870 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Kovalevsky …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   22 November 1870

Summary

Sofya Kovalevsky not admitted to University in Berlin.

Translating the four sheets CD sent. When will book [Descent] be printed?

Alexander [Kovalevsky] has gone to the Red Sea to study corals.

Will work on live Scalpellum at Naples in spring.

Bemoans England’s Prussian sympathies. Paris will fall without bombardment.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Nov 1870
Classmark:  DAR 169: 85
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7381

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From V.  O.  Kovalevsky   22 November 1870
  • … Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) Berlin 22 Nov 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the terms of the treaty. ( Annual Register (1870): 109 (United Kingdom); 154–221 (France); …
  • … siege by the Prussians in September 1870. In October, Otto von Bismarck had announced …
  • … rather than bombardment ( Annual Register (1870): 187). Sofia’s sister was Anna Korvin- …
  • … s last letter to CD is dated 11 October [1870]. Sofia Vasilyevna Kovalevskaya was studying …
  • … III, and Ightam Mote, from 13 to 20 October 1870 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Kovalevsky …
  • … Berlin 7. Georgienstrasse. 22 Nov.  1870. Dear Sir I did not write You such a long Time …
  • … from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 15 September 1870  and n.  2. Pescatori : fishermen (Italian). …
  • … for work in Egypt, see letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 28 February [1870] . The French …
  • … government declared war on Prussia in July 1870. French hopes that other German states …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   5 October 1870

Summary

Forwards Alexander Kovalevsky’s letter [7326] with the information on the vertebrate character of ascidian larvae.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Oct 1870
Classmark:  DAR 169: 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7334

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From V.  O.  Kovalevsky   5 October 1870
  • … Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) Sandown 5 Oct 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the Darwins at some point between 15 August and 1 September 1870 (see letter from V.   …
  • … O.  Kovalevsky, 15 August [1870] , and letter from S.  V.  Kovalevskaya …
  • … and V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 1 September 1870). For Alexander Onufrievich Kovalevsky’s account …
  • … from A.  O.  Kovalevsky, 25 September 1870. CD evidently gave copies of his monographs on …
  • … from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 20 September 1870 ). Kovalevsky had been in England since mid- …
  • … see letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 15 August [1870] ). He and his wife, Sofia Vasilyevna …
  • … Sandown 5 Octob.  1870. Dear Sir I communicated the wish You expressed to put in Your new …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   20 September 1870

Summary

Thanks for Cirripedia. Sorry CD has had to buy the books.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Sept 1870
Classmark:  DAR 169: 82
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7322

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From V.  O.  Kovalevsky   20 September 1870
  • … sort of repayement for Your kindness. Your very truly | W.  Kovalevsky 20 Sept.  1870. …
  • … Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) unstated 20 Sept 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 15 September 1870 ). CD may have sent the two volumes, Living …
  • … 1851) and (1854). See letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 15 September 1870  and n.  2. …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   7 August [1870]

Summary

Plans to visit Down in a week.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Aug [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 169: 64
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7297

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From V.  O.  Kovalevsky   7 August [1870] …
  • … Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) Nice 7 Aug [1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter and the letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 28 February [1870] . See letters from V.   …
  • … O.  Kovalevsky, 20 February [1870] and …
  • … 28 February [1870]. CD was away from home at the time of Kovalevsky’s visit (see Emma …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   11 October [1870]

Summary

Leaving England.

Asks CD to send four sheets [of Descent proofs].

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Oct [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 169: 84
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7342

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From V.  O.  Kovalevsky   11 October [1870] …
  • … Онуфриевич Ковалевский) London Bloomsbury St, 31 11 Oct [1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 5 October 1870 . Kovalevsky refers to Henrietta Emma or …
  • … was Kovalevsky’s London address ( letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 5 September [1870] . …
  • … between this letter and the letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 22 November 1870 . CD …
  • … was to leave Down on 13 October 1870 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). The reference is to …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   15 August [1870]

Summary

Wishes to visit Down.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Aug [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 169: 65
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7302

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From V.  O.  Kovalevsky   15 August [1870] …
  • … Онуфриевич Ковалевский) London, Bloomsbury St, 31 15 Aug [1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … this letter and the letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 7 August [1870] . See letter from V.   …
  • … O.  Kovalevsky, 7 August [1870] . Neither CD’s letter nor Kovalevsky’s reply has been …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   5 September [1870]

Summary

Will order the first set of casts from Murray.

Thanks CD for a book for his wife from the Royal Society Library.

His brother [Alexander] is delighted at being referred to in CD’s work [Descent 1: 205].

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Sept [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 169: 80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7317

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From V.  O.  Kovalevsky   5 September [1870] …
  • … Онуфриевич Ковалевский) London, Bloomsbury St, 31 5 Sept [1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 1 September 1870. CD had offered to borrow books from the Royal …
  • … and V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 1 September 1870). The book was Jacobi 1829 . Kovalevsky was …
  • … see letter from S.  V.  Kovalevskaya and V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 1 September 1870 and n.   5). …

From Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky   20 February [1870]

Summary

Moritz Wagner is going to attack selection theory in his new book on his travels in America [Naturwissenschaftliche Reisen im tropischen Amerika (1870)].

K. G. Semper may attack CD’s theory of coral islands.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Feb [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 169: 60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7114

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky   20 February [1870] …
  • … Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) Munich 20 Feb [1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Reisen im tropischen Amerika (1870)]. K. G. Semper may attack CD’s theory of coral …
  • … she was there between May 1869 and mid-1870 ( Koblitz 1983 , pp.  88, 97). The Titonic or …
  • … Kovalevsky refers to Karl Gottfried Semper, Moritz Wagner, and M.  Wagner 1870. In …
  • … M.  Wagner 1870, p.  434, Wagner claimed, in opposition to CD, that isolation was the only …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   15 September 1870

Summary

Requests a copy of [Living] Cirripedia to send to his brother, Alexander, who is working in Naples and wishes to verify CD’s discovery of complementary males.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Sept 1870
Classmark:  DAR 169: 81
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7320

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From V.  O.  Kovalevsky   15 September 1870
  • … Онуфриевич Ковалевский) London, Bloomsbury St, 31 15 Sept 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … London 15 Sept.  1870. Dear Sir! I have just received a letter from my brother in which he …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   28 February [1870]

Summary

Describes his brother Alexander’s discovery of male of Bonellia, a striking example of dimorphism. Encloses a plate with notes on his brother’s work.

The difficulty his wife, Sofya Kovalevsky, has had as a woman in being admitted to Berlin University. Kirchow [Gustav Robert Kirchhoff], at Heidelberg, has taken an interest in her.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Feb [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 169: 61
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7121

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From V.  O.  Kovalevsky   28 February [1870] …
  • … Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) Munich 28 Feb [1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … she was there between May 1869 and mid-1870 ( Koblitz 1983 , pp.  88, 97). Letter …
  • … to V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 22 February [1870] . Kovalevsky’s wife was Sofia Kovalevskaya. …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   15 January [1871]

Summary

Has received (from CD) the sheets of the second volume [of Descent].

He fears he has offended CD or someone in England and he begs to know his offence.

His brother is working at the Red Sea and wishes CD to know that he has evidence for the affinity of ascidians and vertebrates in their nervous systems.

Plans to go to Paris upon its imminent capitulation to help his sister-in-law.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Jan [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 169: 79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7442

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Kovalevsky, 29 January 1871 . Kovalevsky wrote ‘1870’ in error. Kovalevsky was translating …
  • … letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 12 December [1870] , and this volume, letter from V.  O.   …
  • … Berlin Anatom. Museum. 15 Jan.  1870. — Sir I received yesterday the sheets of the second …
  • … from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 12 December [1870] . For CD’s interest in Alexander Onufrievich …
  • … from A.  O.  Kovalevsky, 25 September 1870. Kovalevsky refers to his brother’s latest …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   19 August [1871]

Summary

A. J. Gaudry is one of few supporters of Darwinism in Paris.

The climate is so hostile that Kovalevsky must mitigate his views so as not to irritate the French.

Working on Anchitherium, which he believes is intermediate between Palaeotherium and the horse.

His brother-in-law has been arrested.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Aug [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 169: 66
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7911

Matches: 3 hits

  • … number of the Archiv für Mikroskopische Anatomie for 1870, it will greatly interest You. …
  • … and to his work on the relationship between ascidians and vertebrates ( Kupffer 1870 ). …
  • … 20 (1873), no. 5: 1–73. Kupffer, Carl. 1870. Die Stammverwandtschaft zwischen Ascidien and …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   29 January 1871

Summary

Has received all the proof-sheets of first volume and of second volume to p. 168 [Descent].

Leaves for Paris tomorrow.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Jan 1871
Classmark:  DAR 169: 86
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7463

Matches: 1 hit

  • … sometime between 27 August and 1 September 1870 (see Correspondence vol.  18, Appendix …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   10 May 1871

Summary

Paris is in the hands of "brigands and socialists", but one grows accustomed to sporadic bombardment,

and VOK is peacefully studying invertebrate palaeontology collections.

Reports on Paul Gervais’ successful cross between a Triton and an axolotl.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 May 1871
Classmark:  DAR 169: 89
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7752

Matches: 2 hits

  • … war: the German conquest of France in 1870–1871. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. …
  • … Down in late August or early September 1870 ( Correspondence vol.  18, Appendix II). See …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   15 May 1867

Summary

Lost proofs have arrived.

Proposes to append the woodcuts of dog and cat varieties from Brehm [Illustrirtes Thierleben (1864–7)], which he has also translated, to the Russian edition of Variation.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 May 1867
Classmark:  DAR 169: 75
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5537

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Russian translation was published between 1866 and 1870 ( [Kovalevsky] trans.  1866–70 ). …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   23 May [1871]

Summary

Will translate passages as CD requests [see 7735].

Bitter at Prussian militarism.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 May [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 169: 62
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7766

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of Ulm. The cave was first excavated in 1870 (Rosendahl and Döppes 2006). Ursus spelaeus ( …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   14 March 1871

Summary

Russian translation of Descent in progress, but the Minister of Interior has banned CD’s work and the book will be seized.

His foolish brother-in-law, Mayor of Montmartre, attempted to defend their section against the government.

CD’s queries on man and camels have gone to Alexander [Kovalevsky] in Sinai.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Mar 1871
Classmark:  DAR 169: 88
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7583

Matches: 1 hit

  • … from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 12 December [1870] and n.  4). The tsarist board of censors of …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   18 February 1871

Summary

VOK and his wife walked 25 miles through the Prussian lines to Paris.

Natural history collections undamaged by bombardment, but Edmond Hébert and A. J. Gaudry fear Prussians will rob them.

Several sheets of Descent lost as they passed through the lines.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Feb 1871
Classmark:  DAR 169: 87
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7488

Matches: 1 hit

  • … war: the German conquest of France in 1870–1871. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. …
Document type
letter (19)
Author
Kovalevsky, V. O.[X]
Addressee
Correspondent
Date
1867 (1)
1870 (11)
1871 (7)
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1870 in keywords
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Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The …
  • … machine’  ( letter to Charles Lyell, 25 December [1870] ). Finishing Descent; …
  • … some weeks’  ( letter to Albert Günther, 13 January [1870] ). Darwin was still working hard on …
  • … I shall be’  ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). She had previously read proof-sheets …
  • … shd. turn parson?’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Henrietta disagreed: ‘Certainly …
  • … of man!’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [after 8 February 1870] ). Darwin was also encouraged …
  • … sense of mankind’ ( letter to F. P. Cobbe, 23 March [1870?] ). Cobbe accused Darwin of smiling in …
  • … great philosophy?’ ( letter from F. P. Cobbe, 28 March [1870?] ). Humans as animals: ears …
  • … [1868] ; this volume, letter to Thomas Woolner, 10 March [1870] ). Darwin included Woolner’s …
  • … findings ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 15 March 1870 ). Indeed, Darwin noted the same …
  • … bane of existence!’ ( letter to William Ogle, 9 November 1870 ). Researching expression: …
  • … spirits were white ( letter from W. W. Reade, 9 November 1870 ). Keen for more evidence of …
  • … hurting it much?’ ( letter to A. D. Bartlett, 5 January [1870] ). Darwin made a similar request of …
  • … not succeed’ ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 8 June [1870] ). Darwin’s queries were part …
  • … of a baby’s brows ( letter from L. C. Wedgwood, [5 May 1870] ). He also wrote to a leading Dutch …
  • … on this subject’  ( letter from F. C. Donders, 17 May 1870 ). Human evolution: debates and …
  • … more fully in a collection of essays published in April 1870 (Wallace 1870a). Wallace wrote to …
  • … naturalist’ (letter to A. R.Wallace, 26 January [1870]). Despite their increasing …
  • … in one sense rivals’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 20 April [1870] ). Darwin alluded here to the …
  • … No one but yourself’ ( letter from H. W. Bates, 20 May 1870 ). Darwin very rarely used the …
  • … never  write reviews’ ( letter to H. W. Bates, [22 May 1870] ). St George Jackson Mivart …
  • … to answer objectors’ ( letter to W. H. Flower, 25 March [1870] ). In his letters to Mivart, Darwin …
  • … on the Primates’ ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 23 April [1870] ). He also tried to recruit Mivart’s …
  • … lump of granite’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 22 April 1870 ). Mivart hinted that his …
  • … his “origin” ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 25 April 1870 ). In his critical essays (later revised …
  • … Charles Darwin et ses précurseurs français  (Quatrefages 1870), that gave a detailed account, as …
  • … many others’  ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 28 May [1870] ). Quatrefages had …
  • … discord’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 30 March 1870 ). In proposing Darwin for election, …
  • … them’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870 ). The assertion had been made by Emile …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Brooke, C.A.J. 30 Nov 1870 Sarawak, Borneo …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 15 March 1870 West Riding …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 18 March 1870 Down, Kent, …
  • … Donders, F.C. 27 May 1870 Utrecht, Netherlands …
  • … Forbes, David 13 June 1870 Portman Square, London W. …
  • … Nicol, Patrick 13 May 1870 Sussex Lunatic Asylum, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. [c.8 or 9 Apr 1870] Accra, West …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 4 June 1870 Lagos, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 3 Sept 1870 Conservative Club, St …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 9 Nov 1870 11 St Mary Abbot's …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [25 May 1870] Bedford, Cape of Good …
  • … Weir, J.J. 27 June 1870 Blackheath, London, England …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before …
  • … Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September 1870] Darwin asks Murray to …
  • … Letter 7177 - Cupples, G. to Darwin, [29 April 1870] George Cupples tells Darwin about a …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … honours in the natural sciences tripos in December 1870. The small amount of surviving …
  • … I appear to you’ (letter to Francis Darwin,  18 October [1870] ). Subsequently Francis …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … behaviour of her dog (letter from J. L. Gray, 14 February 1870 ), she also passed on information …

Casting about: Darwin on worms

Summary

Earthworms were the subject of a citizen science project to map the distribution of earthworms across Britain (BBC Today programme, 26 May 2014). The general understanding of the role earthworms play in improving soils and providing nutrients for plants to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … on my mind’ ( letter to W. T. Preyer, 17 February [1870 ])) that without earthworms aerating the …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

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  • … more litters & no happy results”, he wrote on 26 April 1870 . In the following year, Galton …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of Descent (letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Audio of more …

Darwin and Gender Projects by Harvard Students

Summary

Working in collaboration with Professor Sarah Richardson and Dr Myrna Perez, Darwin Correspondence Project staff developed a customised set of 'Darwin and Gender' themed resources for a course on Gender, Sex and Evolution first taught at Harvard…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grateful I shall be.”(Letter to Darwin, H. E., [8 Feb 1870] ) Although Miranda acknowledges that …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … ideas to humans.  After his election as MP for Maidstone in 1870, Lubbock tried at Darwin’s request …
  • … Lubbock’s Origin of civilisation , published in 1870 as Darwin was completing Descent, was …
  • … good of my internal viscera’ ( to John Lubbock, 21 July [1870] ). It seems what principally gave …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

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  • … you owe any more … Darwin to his son Francis, 1870. …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7179 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [5 May 1870] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, …
  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … & I feel deeply for you. ( Letter to F. C. Donders, 19 May 1870 )     …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …
  • … Letter 7329 – Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7314 - Kovalevsky, S. to Darwin, [1 September 1870] Sophia Kovalevsky accepts …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7145 : Darwin to Cobbe, F. P. 23 March [1870?] Darwin met the religious writer and …
  • … Letter 7149 : Cobbe, F. P. to Darwin, 28 March [1870?] "I more than suspect you of a …

Power of movement in plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Family experiments Darwin was an active and engaged father during his children's youth, involving them in his experiments and even occasionally using them as observational subjects. When his children…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 7346 - Darwin to Francis Darwin, 18 October 1870 Darwin writes to Francis to …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the basis for a new German edition (Bronn and Carus trans. 1870), prepared by Julius Victor Carus, …
  • … own evolutionary views and critical commentary (Royer trans. 1870). Darwin complained to Hooker, …
  • … work some hours daily’ ( letter to Anton Dohrn, 4 January 1870 ). Darwin’s health was generally …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Morning Star in 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75, 1 February 1872, p. 66). The …
  • … of a prize for a humane trap ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). The prize was still …
  • … England and Wales every night ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). Under these circumstances, …
  • … Star , 8 December 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). 5 Animal baiting, …
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