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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To John Murray   29 September [1870]

Summary

CD did not promise Appleton stereotypes of text [of Descent]; only of cuts.

Wishes to know which passage JM thought "coarse". Remembers only a quotation from John Hunter on courtship of female being required "to give her desires" [Descent 1: 273]. He fancied a quotation rendered the sentence less coarse.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  29 Sept [1870]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 212–13)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7331

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Murray   29 September [1870] …
  • … Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 212–13) Charles Robert Darwin Down 29 Sept [1870] John Murray …
  • … between this letter and the letter from John Murray, 28 September [1870] . See …
  • … letter from John Murray, 28 September [1870] and n.  5. …
  • … See letter from John Murray, 28 September [1870] and n.  4. …
  • … See letter from John Murray, 28 September [1870] and n.  7. CD quotes John Hunter’s …

To John Murray   5 [August 1870]

Summary

MS of Descent, except last chapter, is ready to send to printer. Hopes the printer will be able to keep him steadily at work correcting proof. "It drives me mad to change from job to job."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  5 [Aug 1870]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 209–10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7265

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To John Murray   5 [August 1870] …
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 209–10) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 [Aug 1870] John Murray …
  • … between this letter, the letter from John Murray, 6 August [1870] and the letter to …
  • … Mr Dorrell, 9 August 1870 . CD evidently wrote ‘July’ in error. CD refers to Descent. …
  • … Sons. CD visited Southampton from 13 to 26 August 1870 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …

To John Murray   17 November [1870]

Summary

Pleased at [advance] sale [of Descent]. Suggests 3000 copies be printed. Corrections are frightful and, CD fears, will not be done until end of year.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  17 Nov [1870]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 242)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7374

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To John Murray   17 November [1870] …
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 242) Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Nov [1870] John Murray …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter from John Murray, 16 November [1870] . See …
  • … letter from John Murray, 16 November [1870] . Murray had proposed to print …
  • … letter from John Murray, 28 September [1870] ). In February 1871, 2500 copies were …

To John Murray   11 October [1870]

Summary

Glad to hear Dallas will do index of Descent, but he needs keeping up to the mark. Agrees to a Dutch edition.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  11 Oct [1870]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 41–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7341

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To John Murray   11 October [1870] …
  • … Murray archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 41–2) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Oct [1870] John Murray …
  • … this letter and the letter from John Murray, 10 October [1870] . The references are …
  • … the letter from John Murray, 10 October [1870] , and to William Sweetland Dallas, who had …
  • … the letter from John Murray, 10 October [1870] and n.  6. CD’s enclosed list of woodcuts …

To John Murray   9 April [1870]

Summary

Finds Academy contains valuable matter for his work.

Descent progresses slowly – will not be ready for press for several months.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  9 Apr [1870]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 207–208)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7162

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To John Murray   9 April [1870] …
  • … Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 207–208) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Apr [1870] John Murray …
  • … Descent (see letter from C.  E.  C.  B.  Appleton, 2 March [1870]). CD refers to Descent. …
  • … Arthur, died of congestion of the lungs while at Eton in 1870 ( Paston 1932 , p.  149). …

To John Murray   26 September 1870

Summary

Wants sheets [of Descent] for foreign editions. Asks JM to determine price to be charged for the stereotypes of 62 cuts. Dallas would be excellent for the index but must be "civilly warned" not to delay. Encloses memo on the index.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  26 Sept 1870
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 214–17)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7327

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Murray   26 September 1870
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 214–17) Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 Sept 1870 John Murray …
  • … from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 12 December [1870] , and Correspondence vol.  19, letter from …
  • … Down. | Beckenham | Kent. S.E. Sept.  26 th 1870 My dear Sir, I must trouble you about …
  • … and corrections. New York: D. Appleton. 1870. Variation : The variation of animals and …
  • … letters from E.  L.  Youmans, 25 September 1870 ). The German edition of Descent was Carus …

To John Murray   4 September [1870]

Summary

Variation is a much better looking volume than Origin due to quality of paper and binding. Hopes JM will attend to this point in Descent. Printers have sent "splendid lot" of proofs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  4 Sept [1870]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 211)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7316

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To John Murray   4 September [1870] …
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 211) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Sept [1870] John Murray …
  • … and the letter from John Murray, 6 August [1870] . The first five editions of Origin were …

To John Murray   15 November [1870]

Summary

Would like to hear results of JM’s November booksale.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  15 Nov [1870]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 43)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7371

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To John Murray   15 November [1870] …
  • … John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 43) Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 Nov [1870] John Murray …
  • … Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 27 November 1870 . There is a letter from Kramers to Murray …

To John Murray   22 October [1870]

Summary

He agrees with his family that binding of Variation looks much better than Origin.

Asks JM to report the number of copies he has printed of Naturalist’s Voyage [Journal of researches].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  22 Oct [1870]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 218–19)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7348

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To John Murray   22 October [1870] …
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 218–19) Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Oct [1870] John Murray …
  • … the letter from John Murray, 24 October [1870] . CD refers to the binding of Variation and …

To John Murray   25 May 1868

Summary

Asks JM to consider publishing a MS on John Wesley by CD’s niece, Frances Julia Wedgwood [John Wesley and the evangelical reaction of the eighteenth century (1870)].

Has received clean sheets for Italian translation [of Variation?].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  25 May 1868
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.186–189)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6207

Matches: 4 hits

  • … reaction of the eighteenth century (1870)]. Has received clean sheets for Italian …
  • … John Murray. 1868. Wedgwood, Frances Julia. 1870. John Wesley and the evangelical reaction …
  • … reaction of the eighteenth century , was published by Macmillan & Co in 1870 ( F.   …
  • … J.  Wedgwood 1870 ). CD had received a request for translation rights for an Italian …

To John Murray   [after 1 July 1870]

Summary

Wants to keep "The origin of man" as first part of title of book.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray; John Murray
Date:  [after 1 July 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 273
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7050

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To John Murray   [after 1 July 1870] …
  • … DAR 143: 273 Charles Robert Darwin Down [after 1 July 1870] John Murray John Murray …
  • … this letter and the letter from John Murray, 1 July 1870 . The reference is to Descent. …
  • … over his choice for a title throughout 1870, finally approving the title in January 1871 ( …

To John Murray   8 November [1869]

Summary

Masson et Fils have brought out a third French edition [of Origin] without informing CD and without the advantage of the corrections of the 4th and 5th English editions. For this and other reasons CD wants to give translation rights for the 5th English edition to C. Reinwald.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  8 Nov [1869]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 205–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6977

Matches: 3 hits

  • … September 1869] . The third French edition of Origin was published in 1870 (Royer trans.   …
  • 1870). The reference is to Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald; for the quotation, see the letter …
  • … of Royer’s third edition (Royer trans.  1870); this included criticism of CD’s hypothesis …

From G. Chiantore to John Murray   18 May 1875

Summary

Editor of L’Unione, Turin, would publish an Italian edition of Variation if the clichés of the English edition were made available at not more than £10.

Author:  G. Chiantore
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  18 May 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 451
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9981

Matches: 2 hits

  • … was translated into Italian and began printing in April 1870 (see Correspondence vol. …
  • … letter from Giovanni Canestrini, 21 April 1870 ), but was never published. Chiantore was …

From G. M. Asher to John Murray   1 November 1877

Summary

Describes case of two varieties of Russian wheat, the kubanka (or White Turkish) and the saxonka, which grow side by side with no intermediate varieties. As kubanka gradually yields place to saxonka, thinks an unusual tendency to jumping variation [saltation] operates; suggests CD urge some young botanist to investigate [see ML 2: 419–22].

Author:  Georg Michael Asher
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  1 Nov 1877
Classmark:  DAR 159: 116
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11222

Matches: 1 hit

  • … a Russian-born historian, had spent time after 1870 studying German communities along the …
Document type
letter (14)
Addressee
Murray, John (b)[X]
John Murray (1)
Date
1868 (1)
1869 (1)
1870 (10)
1875 (1)
1877 (1)
Search:
1870 in keywords
51 Items
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Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The …
  • … machine’  ( letter to Charles Lyell, 25 December [1870] ). Finishing Descent; …
  • … some weeks’  ( letter to Albert Günther, 13 January [1870] ). Darwin was still working hard on …
  • … I shall be’  ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). She had previously read proof-sheets …
  • … shd. turn parson?’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Henrietta disagreed: ‘Certainly …
  • … of man!’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [after 8 February 1870] ). Darwin was also encouraged …
  • … sense of mankind’ ( letter to F. P. Cobbe, 23 March [1870?] ). Cobbe accused Darwin of smiling in …
  • … great philosophy?’ ( letter from F. P. Cobbe, 28 March [1870?] ). Humans as animals: ears …
  • … [1868] ; this volume, letter to Thomas Woolner, 10 March [1870] ). Darwin included Woolner’s …
  • … findings ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 15 March 1870 ). Indeed, Darwin noted the same …
  • … bane of existence!’ ( letter to William Ogle, 9 November 1870 ). Researching expression: …
  • … spirits were white ( letter from W. W. Reade, 9 November 1870 ). Keen for more evidence of …
  • … hurting it much?’ ( letter to A. D. Bartlett, 5 January [1870] ). Darwin made a similar request of …
  • … not succeed’ ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 8 June [1870] ). Darwin’s queries were part …
  • … of a baby’s brows ( letter from L. C. Wedgwood, [5 May 1870] ). He also wrote to a leading Dutch …
  • … on this subject’  ( letter from F. C. Donders, 17 May 1870 ). Human evolution: debates and …
  • … more fully in a collection of essays published in April 1870 (Wallace 1870a). Wallace wrote to …
  • … naturalist’ (letter to A. R.Wallace, 26 January [1870]). Despite their increasing …
  • … in one sense rivals’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 20 April [1870] ). Darwin alluded here to the …
  • … No one but yourself’ ( letter from H. W. Bates, 20 May 1870 ). Darwin very rarely used the …
  • … never  write reviews’ ( letter to H. W. Bates, [22 May 1870] ). St George Jackson Mivart …
  • … to answer objectors’ ( letter to W. H. Flower, 25 March [1870] ). In his letters to Mivart, Darwin …
  • … on the Primates’ ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 23 April [1870] ). He also tried to recruit Mivart’s …
  • … lump of granite’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 22 April 1870 ). Mivart hinted that his …
  • … his “origin” ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 25 April 1870 ). In his critical essays (later revised …
  • … Charles Darwin et ses précurseurs français  (Quatrefages 1870), that gave a detailed account, as …
  • … many others’  ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 28 May [1870] ). Quatrefages had …
  • … discord’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 30 March 1870 ). In proposing Darwin for election, …
  • … them’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870 ). The assertion had been made by Emile …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Brooke, C.A.J. 30 Nov 1870 Sarawak, Borneo …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 15 March 1870 West Riding …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 18 March 1870 Down, Kent, …
  • … Donders, F.C. 27 May 1870 Utrecht, Netherlands …
  • … Forbes, David 13 June 1870 Portman Square, London W. …
  • … Nicol, Patrick 13 May 1870 Sussex Lunatic Asylum, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. [c.8 or 9 Apr 1870] Accra, West …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 4 June 1870 Lagos, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 3 Sept 1870 Conservative Club, St …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 9 Nov 1870 11 St Mary Abbot's …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [25 May 1870] Bedford, Cape of Good …
  • … Weir, J.J. 27 June 1870 Blackheath, London, England …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before …
  • … Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September 1870] Darwin asks Murray to …
  • … Letter 7177 - Cupples, G. to Darwin, [29 April 1870] George Cupples tells Darwin about a …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … honours in the natural sciences tripos in December 1870. The small amount of surviving …
  • … I appear to you’ (letter to Francis Darwin,  18 October [1870] ). Subsequently Francis …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … behaviour of her dog (letter from J. L. Gray, 14 February 1870 ), she also passed on information …

Casting about: Darwin on worms

Summary

Earthworms were the subject of a citizen science project to map the distribution of earthworms across Britain (BBC Today programme, 26 May 2014). The general understanding of the role earthworms play in improving soils and providing nutrients for plants to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … on my mind’ ( letter to W. T. Preyer, 17 February [1870 ])) that without earthworms aerating the …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … more litters & no happy results”, he wrote on 26 April 1870 . In the following year, Galton …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of Descent (letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Audio of more …

Darwin and Gender Projects by Harvard Students

Summary

Working in collaboration with Professor Sarah Richardson and Dr Myrna Perez, Darwin Correspondence Project staff developed a customised set of 'Darwin and Gender' themed resources for a course on Gender, Sex and Evolution first taught at Harvard…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grateful I shall be.”(Letter to Darwin, H. E., [8 Feb 1870] ) Although Miranda acknowledges that …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … ideas to humans.  After his election as MP for Maidstone in 1870, Lubbock tried at Darwin’s request …
  • … Lubbock’s Origin of civilisation , published in 1870 as Darwin was completing Descent, was …
  • … good of my internal viscera’ ( to John Lubbock, 21 July [1870] ). It seems what principally gave …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … you owe any more … Darwin to his son Francis, 1870. …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7179 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [5 May 1870] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, …
  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … & I feel deeply for you. ( Letter to F. C. Donders, 19 May 1870 )     …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …
  • … Letter 7329 – Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7314 - Kovalevsky, S. to Darwin, [1 September 1870] Sophia Kovalevsky accepts …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7145 : Darwin to Cobbe, F. P. 23 March [1870?] Darwin met the religious writer and …
  • … Letter 7149 : Cobbe, F. P. to Darwin, 28 March [1870?] "I more than suspect you of a …

Power of movement in plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Family experiments Darwin was an active and engaged father during his children's youth, involving them in his experiments and even occasionally using them as observational subjects. When his children…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 7346 - Darwin to Francis Darwin, 18 October 1870 Darwin writes to Francis to …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the basis for a new German edition (Bronn and Carus trans. 1870), prepared by Julius Victor Carus, …
  • … own evolutionary views and critical commentary (Royer trans. 1870). Darwin complained to Hooker, …
  • … work some hours daily’ ( letter to Anton Dohrn, 4 January 1870 ). Darwin’s health was generally …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Morning Star in 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75, 1 February 1872, p. 66). The …
  • … of a prize for a humane trap ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). The prize was still …
  • … England and Wales every night ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). Under these circumstances, …
  • … Star , 8 December 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). 5 Animal baiting, …
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