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To J. D. Hooker   9 May [1856]

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Summary

Lyell urges CD to publish a sketch of species theory; CD asks JDH’s opinion on best course.

Concerned about opposition, particularly by Owen, to Huxley’s admission to Athenaeum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 May [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 161
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1870

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DCP-LETT-1870

To J. D. Hooker   27 September [1870]

Summary

Comments on JDH’s report of Liverpool meeting.

Huxley’s address.

Sir Roderick [Murchison]’s "apotheosis".

Tyndall’s lecture is "grand" except for egotistical beginning. Some Frenchmen have pitched into CD for using the "as if" reasoning, which Tyndall shows is justified.

Has just read George Rolleston’s address in Nature.

Anton Dohrn says German public have high opinion of Lyell.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  27 Sept [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 181–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7328

Matches: 20 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   27 September [1870] …
  • … DAR 94: 181–3 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Sept [1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … and George Howard Darwin to visit Kew. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 September 1870 . …
  • … New York: Springer Verlag. Tyndall, John. 1870. On the scientific use of the imagination: …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 September 1870 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 September 1870  and n.  3. The annual meeting of the British Association …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 September 1870 . CD refers to Anton Dohrn. Dohrn’s …
  • … at Liverpool, on Friday evening, 16th September 1870. London: Longmans, Green & Co. …
  • … generation, was published in Nature 2 (1870): 400–6. CD refers to Roderick Impey …
  • … Murchison. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 September 1870  and n.  7. The …
  • … address, ‘On the scientific use of the imagination’ ( Tyndall 1870 ). See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 September 1870  and n.  5. George Howard Darwin. In a debate over his …
  • … that were not demonstrable. See Revue des Cours Scientifiques , 23 July 1870, p.  529, and …
  • … the summary of the French debate in Nature 2 (1870): 298 and 309. …
  • … See also letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870 and n.   …
  • … 6, and letter to John Tyndall, 8 September 1870  and n.  3. …
  • … CD refers to George Rolleston and to Rolleston 1870. The first portion …
  • … of Rolleston’s address was published in Nature 2 (1870): 423–8. See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 September 1870  and n.  6. Hooker had tried to discover whether seed from a …
  • … in Rolleston’s address (see Rolleston 1870, p.  98). The enclosure has not been found. CD …

To J. D. Hooker   8 July [1870]

Summary

Thinks well of Claparède’s criticism; worth publishing as an answer to Wallace. Bates thinks Wallace’s heterodox views have done mischief to the cause of evolution. Wallace thinks Claparède’s article very weak, CD concludes, because Claparède has arrived at an unpleasant judgment very much like Lyell’s about Bentham’s address.

CD would wager Lyell lately has said something about European Proteaceae.

Does not remember anyone before Wallace on Sumatra and Java.

CD does not think he has a chance against Brandt in French Academy election.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 July [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 177–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7271

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   8 July [1870] …
  • … Johann Friedrich von Brandt. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [6 or 7 July 1870] and n.  5. …
  • … DAR 94: 177–8 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 July [1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … between this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 10 July 1870 . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 2 July [1870] and nn.  3 and 4. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [6 or 7 July 1870] and n.  3. CD refers to Edouard Claparède and …
  • … as applied to humans. See letter from H.  W.  Bates, 20 May 1870  and n.  1. See letter …
  • … from A.  R.  Wallace, 6 July 1870  and n.  3. CD refers to Charles Lyell and George …
  • … Bentham. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 July [1870] and n.  7, and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [6 or 7 July 1870] . CD refers to Friedrich Anton Wilhelm Miquel. See …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [6 or 7 July 1870] and n.  7. CD refers to Brian Houghton …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [6 or 7 July 1870] and n.  8. Thomas Henry Huxley had …
  • … Huxley’s observation in a letter of 2 May 1870 (Huxley papers MS 10.238 (Imperial College …

To J. D. Hooker   2 July [1870]

Summary

Thanks JDH for offer of lilies.

The paper on orchids is by Hermann Müller [Verh. Naturhist. Ver. Preuss. Rheinlande & Westphalens 25 (1868): 1–62], on Platanthera and Epipactis.

Cites another work by P. Rohrbach [Über den Blüthenbau (1866)].

MS [of Descent] ready for printer.

Has read Bentham’s last Linnean Society [Presidential] Address [Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (1870): lxxiv–xciv] with great interest.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 July [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 175–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7261

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   2 July [1870] …
  • … DAR 94: 175–6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 July [1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … were numerous in Europe during Eocene times ( Bentham 1870 , pp.  lxxxiv–lxxxix). …
  • … Bibliography Bentham, George. 1870. Anniversary address. [ …
  • … Read 24 May 1870. ] Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 27: lxxiv–xciv. Müller, …
  • … Presidential] Address [ Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (1870): lxxiv–xciv] with great interest. …
  • … between this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 1 July 1870 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 1 July 1870 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 1 July 1870  and n.  3. CD refers to Hermann Müller’s observations on …
  • … CD visited London from 24 June to 1 July 1870, but did not visit Hooker (see ‘Journal’ ( …

To J. D. Hooker   [29 June 1870]

Summary

Asks whether JDH can send seeds of Hibiscus africanus and of Nolana prostrata raised at Kew.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [29 June 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 173
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7251

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [29 June 1870] …
  • … 94: 173 Charles Robert Darwin London Queen Anne St, 6 [29 June 1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … seed merchants Carter, Dunnett and Beale of London ( Post Office London directory 1870). …
  • … Sunday was 26 June 1870; the Darwins went back to …
  • … Down on Friday 1 July 1870. …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 May [1870] and [ …
  • … 13 June 1870? ] , and by the dates of CD’s visit …
  • … were in London from 24 June to 1 July 1870 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). The only …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [13 June 1870? ] and n.  2, and Cross and self fertilisation , …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [13 June 1870? ] and nn.  3 and 4. Hibiscus africanus is a …

To J. D. Hooker   25 May [1870]

Summary

Concern about futures of Willy [Hooker] and Horace [Darwin].

Henrietta [Darwin] back from Cannes.

CD has been to Cambridge to visit Frank [Darwin]. Saw Sedgwick, who took him to the [Geological] Museum and utterly exhausted him. Humiliating to be "killed by a man of 86".

Saw Alfred Newton.

CD has been working away on man, to much greater length (as usual) than expected,

and on cross- and self-fertilisation.

Does JDH happen to have seeds of Canna warszewiczii matured in some hot country?

Sympathises with JDH on Dawson’s paper – amusing that Dawson hashes up E. D. Cope’s and L. Agassiz’s views.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 May [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 169–72
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7200

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   25 May [1870] …
  • … DAR 94: 169–72 Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 May [1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … 133–4). CD refers to Charles Paget Hooker. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [22 May 1870] . …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [22 May 1870] . CD refers to …
  • … student’s flora of the British Islands ( Hooker 1870 ). William Henslow Hooker. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [22 May 1870] and n.  2. Henrietta Emma Darwin. CD refers to Francis …
  • … Murray. 1871. Hooker, Joseph Dalton. 1870. The student’s flora of the British Islands. …
  • … Sir William Dawson’s Bakerian Lecture of 1870. Notes and Records of the Royal Society of …
  • … and CD had visited the Woodwardian Museum, Cambridge, on 23 May 1870 (see letter to …
  • … Alfred Newton [22 May 1870]). Alfred Newton. John Stevens Henslow had died in 1861. CD …
  • … 108). Descent went to press on 30 August 1870 (see CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). CD had …
  • … letter from Federico Delpino, 20 May  1870  and n.  3). CD has double scored both margins, …
  • … s critical report on John William Dawson’s Bakerian lecture of 1870 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [22 May 1870] and n.  5). The other referee was Peter Martin Duncan, who gave …

To Joseph Dalton Hooker   21 February [1870]

Summary

Has read the notes on Rond [Round] Island which he owes to JDH. What an enigma its flora and fauna present, especially the problem of monocotyledons! Asks JDH’s opinion.

A new book on St Helena confirms CD’s observations.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 Feb [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 164–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7115

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Joseph Dalton Hooker   21 February [1870] …
  • … DAR 94: 164–6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Feb [1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … on the summit of Round Island ( Barkly  1870 , p.  101). CD refers to The geology of St …
  • … Bibliography Barkly, Henry. 1870. Notes on the flora and fauna of Round …
  • … Mauritius almanac and colonial register for 1870. Edited by John B. Kyshe. Mauritius: [ …
  • … 30 December 1869 and published in the Mauritius almanac and colonial register for 1870 ( …
  • … Barkly 1870 ). The proof-sheets, corrected by Barkly and annotated by CD, are in the …
  • … Alvey Darwin from 5 March to 12 March 1870 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Round Island, …
  • … to 14, the established norms in the tropics being 1 to 5 ( Barkly 1870 , p.  95). Barkly …

To J. D. Hooker   [13 June 1870?]

Summary

Orders seeds, ripened in Algiers; imported seed would be of no use. [Forwarded to Algiers by JDH, see 7272.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [13 June 1870?]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7210

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [13 June 1870? ] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25. ) Charles Robert Darwin unstated [13 June 1870? ] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … memorandum was handed to Hooker when he visited Down on 13 June 1870 ( letter to St G.   …
  • … J.  Mivart, 13 June [1870] ). See also the letters to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 25 May [1870] and [ …
  • … 29 June 1870] , and the letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 10 July 1870 . The variety Kermesiana (as CD spells it in Cross and self …

To J. D. Hooker   12 July [1870]

Summary

Has not heard of Curtis on Dionaea.

Duke of Argyll is clever, but it is a sin to speak of a real old Duke as a "little beggar".

"My theology is a simple muddle: I cannot look at the Universe as the result of blind chance, yet I can see no evidence of beneficent Design."

On spontaneous generation and Bastian.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 July [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 179–180
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7273

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   12 July [1870] …
  • … DAR 94: 179–180 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 July [1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 10 July 1870 . The reference is to Robert Lambert Playfair. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 10 July 1870  and n.  1. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 10 July 1870  and nn.  2 and 3. Moses Ashley Curtis, not William …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 10 July 1870 . CD refers to experiments conducted by Henry …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 8 July [1870] and n.  9). CD refers to experiments performed …

To J. D. Hooker   2 [June 1870]

Summary

Returns H. C. Watson’s letter.

CD must study JDH’s manner of arrangement of varieties and subspecies, etc.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 [June 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 174
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7214

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   2 [June 1870] …
  • … DAR 94: 174 Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 [June 1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … to praise his Student’s flora of the British Islands ( Hooker 1870 ); see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [31 May 1870] and enclosure. For an earlier disagreement between Hooker and …
  • … Press. 1985–. Hooker, Joseph Dalton. 1870. The student’s flora of the British Islands. …

To J. D. Hooker   8 March [1870]

Summary

Would like to see JDH become Sir J. H. Does not think JDH owes his position in science to his father.

Sends questions on Round Island – if JDH should write [to Henry Barkly?].

Has he read Federico Delpino on Marantaceae [Nuovo G. Bot. Ital. 1 (1869): 293–206]?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 Mar [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 167–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7128

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   8 March [1870] …
  • … 94: 167–8 Charles Robert Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 8 Mar [1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Barkly. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [7 March 1870] and n.  4. Round Island, Mauritius. …
  • … Delpino and Delpino 1870b. See also letter from Federico Delpino, 28 February 1870 . …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [7 March 1870] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [7 March 1870] . CD was staying with his brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin. Hooker …

To J. D. Hooker   22 [January 1844 – March 1882]

Summary

Discusses books returned

and invites him to Down for a few days.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 [Jan 1844 - Mar 1882]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (14 & 28 May 1983)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13816A

Matches: 12 hits

  • … 22 July 1869 22 Aug 1869 22 Sept 1869 22 Oct 1869 22 Nov 1869 22 Dec 1869 22 Jan 1870 22 …
  • … Feb 1870 22 …
  • … Mar 1870 22 …
  • … Apr 1870 22 …
  • … May 1870 22 …
  • … June 1870 22 …
  • … July 1870 22 …
  • … Aug 1870 22 …
  • … Sept 1870 22 …
  • … Oct 1870 22 …
  • … Nov 1870 22 …
  • … Dec 1870 22 Jan 1871 22 Feb 1871 22 Mar 1871 22 Apr 1871 22 May 1871 22 June 1871 22 July …

To J. D. Hooker   14 October [1870]

Summary

Does not think so poorly of Nature as JDH does, by any means; fears Popular Science Review is rather ephemeral but more durable than Nature.

The case of the charlock.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 Oct [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 184–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7344

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   14 October [1870] …
  • … DAR 94: 184–5 Charles Robert Darwin Leith Hill Place 14 Oct [1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 12 October 1870 . CD was visiting the home of his sister …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 12 October 1870 ). Pop. Sc. R. : Popular Science Review. …
  • … and Hooker’s ongoing joke about ‘wriggling’, see the letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1870] . …

To J. D. Hooker   1 February [1871]

Summary

Returns pamphlets.

B. T. Lowne’s observation [Mon. Microsc. J. 4 (1870): 326–30] that boiling does not kill certain moulds is curious, but then how account for absence of all living things in Pasteur’s experiment?

Always delighted to see a word in favour of Pangenesis.

Thiselton-Dyer’s paper ["On spontaneous generation and evolution", Q. J. Microsc. Sci. 10 (1870): 333–54] is Spencerian.

The chemical conditions for first production of life are said to exist at present, but in some warm little pond today such matter would be absorbed or devoured, which would not have been the case before living creatures were formed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Feb [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 188–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7471

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Norgate. Thiselton-Dyer, William Turner. 1870. On spontaneous generation and evolution. …
  • … s observation [ Mon. Microsc. J. 4 (1870): 326–30] that boiling does not kill certain …
  • … and evolution", Q. J. Microsc. Sci. 10 (1870): 333–54] is Spencerian. The chemical …
  • … generation and evolution’, appeared in the October 1870 issue of the Quarterly Journal …
  • … of Microscopical Science ( Thiselton-Dyer 1870 ). Thiselton-Dyer cited Herbert Spencer’s …

To J. D. Hooker   17 February 1873

Summary

Is drawing up the account of his crossing experiments. Requests JDH to add the families after nine genera, the names of which he encloses. Whenever there is no objection he would like to arrange the families in some sort of natural order.

Recommends Spalding’s article on instinct in Macmillan’s Magazine [27 (1873): 265–81].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Feb 1873
Classmark:  DAR 94: 257–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8769

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Murray. 1876. Hooker, Joseph Dalton. 1870. The student’s flora of the British Islands. …
  • … in his Vegetable kingdom . J.  D.  Hooker 1870 . CD refers to Hooker’s ‘Synopsis of the …

To J. D. Hooker   8 March [1869]

Summary

Transmits letter [from Fritz Müller].

Has been asked to permit a French translation of Orchids and Journal of researches.

At work on sexual selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 Mar [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 116-17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6647

Matches: 2 hits

  • … The French translation of Orchids by Louis Rérolle was published in 1870 (Rérolle trans.   …
  • 1870). CD’s additions to the French edition were in the form of footnotes ending ‘C.  D. , …

To J. D. Hooker   21 [September 1862]

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Summary

Thanks for Haast’s observations. Particularly glad to get geological evidence of glacial action (in Southern Hemisphere).

Thinks Ramsay’s theory to large extent true, but thinks that in a much disturbed country some lakes would have been formed in depressions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 [Sept 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 161
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3735

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography Buller, Walter. 1870. On the New Zealand rat. Transactions and Proceedings of …
  • … 9 December 1862 . On Mus rattus , see Buller 1870 . CD had long regarded the presence of …

From Charles and Emma Darwin to J. D. Hooker   [10 July 1865]

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Summary

Health very bad. All scientific work stopped for 2½ months.

E. B. Tylor’s Early history of mankind [1865] impresses him.

Would like JDH’s opinion of last number of Spencer’s [Principles of] Biology [vol. 1 (1864)], especially on umbellifers. CD not satisfied with Spencer’s views on irregular flowers.

ED reports on CD’s health.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin; Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [10 July 1865]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 272
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4868

Matches: 3 hits

  • … London: John Murray. Tylor, Edward Burnett. 1870. Researches into the early history of …
  • … 1865  in Descent and cited the second edition, Tylor 1870 , three times in Expression. …
  • … are annotated copies of Tylor 1865  and 1870 in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: …

To J. D. Hooker   17 March [1867]

Summary

The date-palm seed case is important for Pangenesis.

Reports experiments on pollination of Ipomoea.

"Insular floras": A. Murray’s paper in Gardeners’ Chronicle is poor.

John Scott’s work on acclimatisation of plants.

The anomaly of the Azores flora on the migration theory.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 13a–e
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5445

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography Clarke, Benjamin. 1870. On systematic botany and zoology, including a new …
  • … work including animals (Clarke 1866 and Clarke 1870 ; see letter from Benjamin Clarke, 12  …

To J. D. Hooker   [22 January 1869]

Summary

No paradox that unimportant characters are important systematically. This view removes heavy burden from CD’s shoulders. Relief that JDH does not object.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [22 Jan 1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 114—15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6568

Matches: 1 hit

  • … science newspaper, published from 1868 to 1870, after which it merged with the English …
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Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The …
  • … machine’  ( letter to Charles Lyell, 25 December [1870] ). Finishing Descent; …
  • … some weeks’  ( letter to Albert Günther, 13 January [1870] ). Darwin was still working hard on …
  • … I shall be’  ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). She had previously read proof-sheets …
  • … shd. turn parson?’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Henrietta disagreed: ‘Certainly …
  • … of man!’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [after 8 February 1870] ). Darwin was also encouraged …
  • … sense of mankind’ ( letter to F. P. Cobbe, 23 March [1870?] ). Cobbe accused Darwin of smiling in …
  • … great philosophy?’ ( letter from F. P. Cobbe, 28 March [1870?] ). Humans as animals: ears …
  • … [1868] ; this volume, letter to Thomas Woolner, 10 March [1870] ). Darwin included Woolner’s …
  • … findings ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 15 March 1870 ). Indeed, Darwin noted the same …
  • … bane of existence!’ ( letter to William Ogle, 9 November 1870 ). Researching expression: …
  • … spirits were white ( letter from W. W. Reade, 9 November 1870 ). Keen for more evidence of …
  • … hurting it much?’ ( letter to A. D. Bartlett, 5 January [1870] ). Darwin made a similar request of …
  • … not succeed’ ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 8 June [1870] ). Darwin’s queries were part …
  • … of a baby’s brows ( letter from L. C. Wedgwood, [5 May 1870] ). He also wrote to a leading Dutch …
  • … on this subject’  ( letter from F. C. Donders, 17 May 1870 ). Human evolution: debates and …
  • … more fully in a collection of essays published in April 1870 (Wallace 1870a). Wallace wrote to …
  • … naturalist’ (letter to A. R.Wallace, 26 January [1870]). Despite their increasing …
  • … in one sense rivals’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 20 April [1870] ). Darwin alluded here to the …
  • … No one but yourself’ ( letter from H. W. Bates, 20 May 1870 ). Darwin very rarely used the …
  • … never  write reviews’ ( letter to H. W. Bates, [22 May 1870] ). St George Jackson Mivart …
  • … to answer objectors’ ( letter to W. H. Flower, 25 March [1870] ). In his letters to Mivart, Darwin …
  • … on the Primates’ ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 23 April [1870] ). He also tried to recruit Mivart’s …
  • … lump of granite’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 22 April 1870 ). Mivart hinted that his …
  • … his “origin” ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 25 April 1870 ). In his critical essays (later revised …
  • … Charles Darwin et ses précurseurs français  (Quatrefages 1870), that gave a detailed account, as …
  • … many others’  ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 28 May [1870] ). Quatrefages had …
  • … discord’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 30 March 1870 ). In proposing Darwin for election, …
  • … them’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870 ). The assertion had been made by Emile …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Brooke, C.A.J. 30 Nov 1870 Sarawak, Borneo …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 15 March 1870 West Riding …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 18 March 1870 Down, Kent, …
  • … Donders, F.C. 27 May 1870 Utrecht, Netherlands …
  • … Forbes, David 13 June 1870 Portman Square, London W. …
  • … Nicol, Patrick 13 May 1870 Sussex Lunatic Asylum, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. [c.8 or 9 Apr 1870] Accra, West …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 4 June 1870 Lagos, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 3 Sept 1870 Conservative Club, St …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 9 Nov 1870 11 St Mary Abbot's …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [25 May 1870] Bedford, Cape of Good …
  • … Weir, J.J. 27 June 1870 Blackheath, London, England …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before …
  • … Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September 1870] Darwin asks Murray to …
  • … Letter 7177 - Cupples, G. to Darwin, [29 April 1870] George Cupples tells Darwin about a …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … honours in the natural sciences tripos in December 1870. The small amount of surviving …
  • … I appear to you’ (letter to Francis Darwin,  18 October [1870] ). Subsequently Francis …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … behaviour of her dog (letter from J. L. Gray, 14 February 1870 ), she also passed on information …

Casting about: Darwin on worms

Summary

Earthworms were the subject of a citizen science project to map the distribution of earthworms across Britain (BBC Today programme, 26 May 2014). The general understanding of the role earthworms play in improving soils and providing nutrients for plants to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … on my mind’ ( letter to W. T. Preyer, 17 February [1870 ])) that without earthworms aerating the …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … more litters & no happy results”, he wrote on 26 April 1870 . In the following year, Galton …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of Descent (letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Audio of more …

Darwin and Gender Projects by Harvard Students

Summary

Working in collaboration with Professor Sarah Richardson and Dr Myrna Perez, Darwin Correspondence Project staff developed a customised set of 'Darwin and Gender' themed resources for a course on Gender, Sex and Evolution first taught at Harvard…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grateful I shall be.”(Letter to Darwin, H. E., [8 Feb 1870] ) Although Miranda acknowledges that …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … ideas to humans.  After his election as MP for Maidstone in 1870, Lubbock tried at Darwin’s request …
  • … Lubbock’s Origin of civilisation , published in 1870 as Darwin was completing Descent, was …
  • … good of my internal viscera’ ( to John Lubbock, 21 July [1870] ). It seems what principally gave …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … you owe any more … Darwin to his son Francis, 1870. …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7179 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [5 May 1870] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, …
  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … & I feel deeply for you. ( Letter to F. C. Donders, 19 May 1870 )     …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …
  • … Letter 7329 – Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7314 - Kovalevsky, S. to Darwin, [1 September 1870] Sophia Kovalevsky accepts …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7145 : Darwin to Cobbe, F. P. 23 March [1870?] Darwin met the religious writer and …
  • … Letter 7149 : Cobbe, F. P. to Darwin, 28 March [1870?] "I more than suspect you of a …

Power of movement in plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Family experiments Darwin was an active and engaged father during his children's youth, involving them in his experiments and even occasionally using them as observational subjects. When his children…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 7346 - Darwin to Francis Darwin, 18 October 1870 Darwin writes to Francis to …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the basis for a new German edition (Bronn and Carus trans. 1870), prepared by Julius Victor Carus, …
  • … own evolutionary views and critical commentary (Royer trans. 1870). Darwin complained to Hooker, …
  • … work some hours daily’ ( letter to Anton Dohrn, 4 January 1870 ). Darwin’s health was generally …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Morning Star in 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75, 1 February 1872, p. 66). The …
  • … of a prize for a humane trap ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). The prize was still …
  • … England and Wales every night ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). Under these circumstances, …
  • … Star , 8 December 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). 5 Animal baiting, …
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