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To Francis Darwin   5 December [1870]

Summary

Sends a cheque to clear FD’s debts. Hopes he will be more careful in the future.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  5 Dec [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7021

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Francis Darwin   5 December [1870] …
  • … DAR 211: 4 Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Dec [1870] Francis Darwin …
  • … books (Down House MS) dated 5 December 1870 to a payment to Francis of £50. Francis was …
  • … at Cambridge University; see letter to B.  J.  Sulivan, 20 December [1870] and n.  3. …

To Francis Darwin   18 October [1870]

Summary

Sends a cheque to pay off FD’s debts. Warns him of the dangers of overspending his income and advises him strongly to keep accounts.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  18 Oct [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7346

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Francis Darwin   18 October [1870] …
  • … DAR 211: 6 Charles Robert Darwin The Moat, Tunbridge 18 Oct [1870] Francis Darwin …
  • … Cambridge since 1866; he graduated in 1870 ( ODNB ), taking third place in first class …
  • … honours in the natural science tripos in December ( The Times , 19 December 1870, p.  6). …
  • … returned to Down on Thursday 20 October 1870 (‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). No letter from …

To Francis Darwin   30 August [1867–70]

Summary

Asks FD to check whether a Latin sentence is correct.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  30 Aug [1867-70]
Classmark:  DAR 271.3: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7312

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Aug 1867 30 Aug 1868 30 Aug 1869 30 Aug 1870 Francis Darwin …
  • … see letter from John Murray, 10 October [1870] and n.  3). Francis went up to Cambridge on …
  • … on 29 September 1866; he graduated in December 1870 (Emma Darwin’ s diary (DAR 242); Alum. …

To Francis Darwin   [after 12 October 1866]

Summary

Instructions on paying a bill.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [after 12 Oct 1866]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13793

Matches: 2 hits

  • … from 29 September 1866 until April 1870, when he received his BA ( Admissions to …
  • … 5: 329, Cambridge University calendar 1870, p.  xxiv; see also Correspondence vol.  13, …

To Francis Darwin   17 July [1878]

Summary

Discusses sleep movements of Porlieria.

Has read an abstract of Julius Wiesner on heliotropism and geotropism ["Die heliotropischen Erscheinungen im Pflanzenreiche", Anz. Kais. Akad. Wiss. Wien 15 (1878): 137–40] which seems important but is puzzling.

Gives details of his observations on climbing plants with reference to comments by Julius Sachs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  17 July [1878]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11615

Matches: 3 hits

  • … opinion ( Correspondence vol. 18, letter from Federico Delpino, 28 February 1870 ; …
  • … Delpino 1870 ). Delpino discussed …
  • … dealbata (powdery alligator-flag) in Delpino 1870 , pp. 135–7. For CD’s observations on …

To Francis Darwin   [16 June 1881]

Summary

Describes seeds sent by George Payne [see 13205]. Is surprised that they bury themselves.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [16 June 1881]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 98v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13206

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Wurzel. Beiträge zur Biologie der Pflanzen 1 (1870–5) Heft 2: 1–30. Darwin, George Howard. …

From A. H. Garrod to Francis Darwin   30 June [1872]

Summary

Sends an account of an attempt to take a sphygmograph tracing of a woman during fright

and some references that might apply to CD’s work on pulse rates during rage and fright.

Author:  Alfred Henry Garrod
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  30 June [1872]
Classmark:  DAR 165: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8399

Matches: 2 hits

  • … pulse . London: H. K. Lewis. Lorain, Paul. 1870. Études de médecine clinique faites avec …
  • … Paul Lorain’s work on the pulse ( Lorain 1870 ) in Expression , published in November  …

To Francis Darwin   [6 November 1871]

Summary

Asks who Fiske is. The articles [Harvard lectures?] are "so fair and in some respects so complimentary" that CD thinks he should write to him. [See 8058.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [6 Nov 1871]
Classmark:  DAR 271.3: 5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8054

Matches: 1 hit

  • … served briefly as acting professor of history in 1870 ( J.  S.  Clark  1917 , 1: 373–7). …

To Francis Darwin   4 July [1879]

Summary

CD gives suggestions concerning FD’s experiments on the radicles of roots. Asks him to find out whether J. von Sachs tried beans. Should also try other gramineous plants.

Bernard looking forward to his father’s return.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  4 July [1879]
Classmark:  DAR 271.4: 16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12134A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Wurzel. Beiträge zur Biologie der Pflanzen 1 (1870–5) Heft 2: 1–30. Sachs, Julius. 1873–4. …

To Francis Darwin   21 May [1871]

Summary

CD will pay for the American trip if it takes place.

Asks whether FD can help him understand the eyes of cephalopods; is the structure the same as in the Vertebrata and are the parts developed from homologous layers of skin?

Has been pleased by a recent review.

Postscript: Is thinking of a cheap edition of the Origin [1872] in which he hopes to answer St George Mivart’s criticisms.

Asks FD whether he can get some references to good papers on cephalapod eyes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  21 May [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 7–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7765

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Journal of Anatomy and Physiology 5 (1870–1): 363–72. Hensen, Christian Andreas Victor. …

From Francis Galton to Francis Darwin   7 April 1871

Summary

CD will take care of the eight little rabbits. FG outlines their future.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  7 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 105: A25–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7662

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Read 30 March 1871. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 19 (1870–1): 393–410. …

To Francis Darwin   [11 May 1878]

Summary

Julius von Sachs will "swear & curse" when he finds out he has missed sensitiveness of root apex. Has been putting his notes together and the case is conclusive. [Dated "Saturday 10th" by CD.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [11 May 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11504

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Wurzel. Beiträge zur Biologie der Pflanzen 1 (1870–5) Heft 2: 1–30. Sachs, Julius. 1873–4. …

To Francis Darwin   [September 1875 or later?]

Summary

Asks FD to make out [Hermann] Hoffmann’s conclusions about the fertilisation of Phaseolus multiflorus [in Untersuchungen zur Bestimmung des Werthes von Species und Varietät (1869)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [Sept 1875 or later?]
Classmark:  CUL, Darwin Pamphlet Collection R112
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9219A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … in his garden had produced a pod (Ogle 1870, p.  168). CD underlined this section in his …

From Samuel Butler to Francis Darwin   25 November 1877

Summary

SB’s book [Life and habit (1878)] will be bound shortly. He will send two copies, one of which can be given to CD. To SB’s surprise it has turned out to be an attack on CD’s views and a defence of Lamarck; describes how he was brought to the opinions expressed in it.

Author:  Samuel Butler
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  25 Nov 1877
Classmark:  DAR 160: 393
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11254

Matches: 1 hit

  • … function of organised matter; Hering 1870). Lankester summarised as follows (Lankester …
Document type
letter (14)
Addressee
Darwin, Francis[X]
Date
1866 (1)
1867 (1)
1870 (2)
1871 (3)
1872 (1)
1875 (1)
1877 (1)
1878 (2)
1879 (1)
1881 (1)
Search:
1870 in keywords
51 Items
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Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The …
  • … machine’  ( letter to Charles Lyell, 25 December [1870] ). Finishing Descent; …
  • … some weeks’  ( letter to Albert Günther, 13 January [1870] ). Darwin was still working hard on …
  • … I shall be’  ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). She had previously read proof-sheets …
  • … shd. turn parson?’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Henrietta disagreed: ‘Certainly …
  • … of man!’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [after 8 February 1870] ). Darwin was also encouraged …
  • … sense of mankind’ ( letter to F. P. Cobbe, 23 March [1870?] ). Cobbe accused Darwin of smiling in …
  • … great philosophy?’ ( letter from F. P. Cobbe, 28 March [1870?] ). Humans as animals: ears …
  • … [1868] ; this volume, letter to Thomas Woolner, 10 March [1870] ). Darwin included Woolner’s …
  • … findings ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 15 March 1870 ). Indeed, Darwin noted the same …
  • … bane of existence!’ ( letter to William Ogle, 9 November 1870 ). Researching expression: …
  • … spirits were white ( letter from W. W. Reade, 9 November 1870 ). Keen for more evidence of …
  • … hurting it much?’ ( letter to A. D. Bartlett, 5 January [1870] ). Darwin made a similar request of …
  • … not succeed’ ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 8 June [1870] ). Darwin’s queries were part …
  • … of a baby’s brows ( letter from L. C. Wedgwood, [5 May 1870] ). He also wrote to a leading Dutch …
  • … on this subject’  ( letter from F. C. Donders, 17 May 1870 ). Human evolution: debates and …
  • … more fully in a collection of essays published in April 1870 (Wallace 1870a). Wallace wrote to …
  • … naturalist’ (letter to A. R.Wallace, 26 January [1870]). Despite their increasing …
  • … in one sense rivals’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 20 April [1870] ). Darwin alluded here to the …
  • … No one but yourself’ ( letter from H. W. Bates, 20 May 1870 ). Darwin very rarely used the …
  • … never  write reviews’ ( letter to H. W. Bates, [22 May 1870] ). St George Jackson Mivart …
  • … to answer objectors’ ( letter to W. H. Flower, 25 March [1870] ). In his letters to Mivart, Darwin …
  • … on the Primates’ ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 23 April [1870] ). He also tried to recruit Mivart’s …
  • … lump of granite’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 22 April 1870 ). Mivart hinted that his …
  • … his “origin” ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 25 April 1870 ). In his critical essays (later revised …
  • … Charles Darwin et ses précurseurs français  (Quatrefages 1870), that gave a detailed account, as …
  • … many others’  ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 28 May [1870] ). Quatrefages had …
  • … discord’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 30 March 1870 ). In proposing Darwin for election, …
  • … them’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870 ). The assertion had been made by Emile …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Brooke, C.A.J. 30 Nov 1870 Sarawak, Borneo …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 15 March 1870 West Riding …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 18 March 1870 Down, Kent, …
  • … Donders, F.C. 27 May 1870 Utrecht, Netherlands …
  • … Forbes, David 13 June 1870 Portman Square, London W. …
  • … Nicol, Patrick 13 May 1870 Sussex Lunatic Asylum, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. [c.8 or 9 Apr 1870] Accra, West …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 4 June 1870 Lagos, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 3 Sept 1870 Conservative Club, St …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 9 Nov 1870 11 St Mary Abbot's …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [25 May 1870] Bedford, Cape of Good …
  • … Weir, J.J. 27 June 1870 Blackheath, London, England …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before …
  • … Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September 1870] Darwin asks Murray to …
  • … Letter 7177 - Cupples, G. to Darwin, [29 April 1870] George Cupples tells Darwin about a …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … honours in the natural sciences tripos in December 1870. The small amount of surviving …
  • … I appear to you’ (letter to Francis Darwin,  18 October [1870] ). Subsequently Francis …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … behaviour of her dog (letter from J. L. Gray, 14 February 1870 ), she also passed on information …

Casting about: Darwin on worms

Summary

Earthworms were the subject of a citizen science project to map the distribution of earthworms across Britain (BBC Today programme, 26 May 2014). The general understanding of the role earthworms play in improving soils and providing nutrients for plants to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … on my mind’ ( letter to W. T. Preyer, 17 February [1870 ])) that without earthworms aerating the …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … more litters & no happy results”, he wrote on 26 April 1870 . In the following year, Galton …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of Descent (letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Audio of more …

Darwin and Gender Projects by Harvard Students

Summary

Working in collaboration with Professor Sarah Richardson and Dr Myrna Perez, Darwin Correspondence Project staff developed a customised set of 'Darwin and Gender' themed resources for a course on Gender, Sex and Evolution first taught at Harvard…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grateful I shall be.”(Letter to Darwin, H. E., [8 Feb 1870] ) Although Miranda acknowledges that …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … ideas to humans.  After his election as MP for Maidstone in 1870, Lubbock tried at Darwin’s request …
  • … Lubbock’s Origin of civilisation , published in 1870 as Darwin was completing Descent, was …
  • … good of my internal viscera’ ( to John Lubbock, 21 July [1870] ). It seems what principally gave …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … you owe any more … Darwin to his son Francis, 1870. …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7179 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [5 May 1870] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, …
  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … & I feel deeply for you. ( Letter to F. C. Donders, 19 May 1870 )     …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …
  • … Letter 7329 – Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7314 - Kovalevsky, S. to Darwin, [1 September 1870] Sophia Kovalevsky accepts …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7145 : Darwin to Cobbe, F. P. 23 March [1870?] Darwin met the religious writer and …
  • … Letter 7149 : Cobbe, F. P. to Darwin, 28 March [1870?] "I more than suspect you of a …

Power of movement in plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Family experiments Darwin was an active and engaged father during his children's youth, involving them in his experiments and even occasionally using them as observational subjects. When his children…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 7346 - Darwin to Francis Darwin, 18 October 1870 Darwin writes to Francis to …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the basis for a new German edition (Bronn and Carus trans. 1870), prepared by Julius Victor Carus, …
  • … own evolutionary views and critical commentary (Royer trans. 1870). Darwin complained to Hooker, …
  • … work some hours daily’ ( letter to Anton Dohrn, 4 January 1870 ). Darwin’s health was generally …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Morning Star in 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75, 1 February 1872, p. 66). The …
  • … of a prize for a humane trap ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). The prize was still …
  • … England and Wales every night ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). Under these circumstances, …
  • … Star , 8 December 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). 5 Animal baiting, …
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