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To George Cupples   20 November [1869]

Summary

Thanks GC for his assistance. "The data for all that I have to say about the Scotch deer-hound are, owing to you, almost sufficient; and much better data than I have got in many other cases." [See Descent 2: 260.]

Believes Dr Stirling would be compelled to admit some change in "the famous protoplasm in our domestic races, both in regard to the structure of the body & qualities of the mind".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Cupples
Date:  20 Nov [1869]
Classmark:  Det Kongelige Bibliotek, Copenhagen (NKS 4127 II, 4to)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7000

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To George Cupples   20 November [1869] …
  • … Copenhagen (NKS 4127 II, 4to) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Nov [1869] George Cupples …
  • … Bibliography Stirling, James Hutchison. 1869. As regards protoplasm, in relation to …
  • … by the publication date of Stirling 1869 (see n.  3, below). For the most recent …
  • … see the memorandum from George Cupples, [4–10 November 1869]. There is an empty envelope …
  • … in Emma Darwin’s hand, postmarked 12 November 1869 at the American Philosophical Society. …
  • … On Stirling 1869 , see the letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 13 November [1869] and n.  7. …

To James Croll   24 February [1869]

Summary

Thanks JC for his proofs of article on the movement of glaciers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Croll
Date:  24 Feb [1869]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.271)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6630

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To James Croll   24 February [1869] …
  • … Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.271) Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 Feb [1869] James Croll …
  • … Bibliography Croll, James. 1869. On the physical cause of the motion of glaciers. …
  • … this letter and the letter from James Croll, 15 February 1869 . CD refers to proof-sheets …
  • … of ‘On the physical cause of the motion of glaciers’ ( Croll 1869 ; see letter from …
  • … James Croll, 15 February 1869 and n.  3). …

From John Brodie Innes    15 October 1869

Summary

R. H. Hutton has given a paper about CD at Liverpool Church Congress.

JBI has seen four milk-white partridges among brown ones this year.

Author:  John Brodie Innes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Oct 1869
Classmark:  DAR 167: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6939

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From John Brodie Innes    15 October 1869
  • … DAR 167: 25 John Brodie Innes Milton Brodie 15 Oct 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter from John Lubbock, 20 July [1869] ). Innes refers to Eliza Mary Brodie Innes …
  • … Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1922–54. Hutton, Richard Holt. 1869. [Paper in …
  • … on phases of unbelief; read 5 October 1869. ] Authorized Report of the Church Congress, …
  • … at Liverpool , pp. 98–106. [Also printed in the Guardian , 13 October 1869, pp. 1134–5. ] …
  • … Brodie | Forres | N.B. 15 th . Oct r . 1869. Dear Darwin, It seems sad to lose sight of …
  • … Holt Hutton delivered a paper on 6 October 1869 to the Church Congress held at Liverpool …
  • … Darwinism, scepticism, and faith ( Hutton 1869 ). In it he argued that CD’s theory not …
  • … purpose at work in creation (see Hutton 1869 , pp.  102–3). Henry Powell, the curate of …

From Edward Lacy Garbett to the Athenæum   29 June 1869

Summary

Calculations relating to the problem of the increase of elephants (see 6787).

Author:  Edward Lacy Garbett
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  29 June 1869
Classmark:  Athenæum, 3 July 1869, pp. 18–19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6806F

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Edward Lacy Garbett to the Athenæum    29 June 1869
  • … Athenæum , 3 July 1869, pp.  18–19 …
  • … Edward Lacy Garbett London, Mornington Road 29 June 1869 Athenæum …
  • … See letter from Ponderer to the Athenæum , [before 5 June 1869] and n.   …
  • … 2, and letter to the Athenæum , 19 June 1869. …
  • … Mornington Road, June 29, 1869. Without pretending to an exact solution of Mr.  Darwin’s …

To Antoinette Louisa Brown Blackwell   8 November [1869]

Summary

Thanks for Studies in general science [by A. B. Blackwell (1869)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Antoinette Louisa Brown Blackwell
Date:  8 Nov [1869]
Classmark:  Radcliffe Institute, Schlesinger Library, Harvard University (Blackwell Family Papers A–77 Folder 44)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6976

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Antoinette Louisa Brown Blackwell   8 November [1869] …
  • … Thanks for Studies in general science [by A. B. Blackwell (1869)]. …
  • … London, Queen Anne St, 6 Down letterhead 8 Nov [1869] Antoinette Louisa Brown Blackwell …
  • … Blackwell, Antoinette Louisa Brown. 1869. Studies in general science. New York: G. P. …
  • … The year is established by the publication date of Blackwell 1869 ; see n.  2, below. …
  • … An inscribed copy of Blackwell 1869  is in the Darwin Library–Down. Blackwell wrote in the …
  • … and bringing up children. In Blackwell 1869 , Blackwell included quotations from …

Nevill, Geoffrey. 1869. Additional notes on the land-shells of the Seychelles islands. [Read 28 January 1869.] Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (1869): 61–6.

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Nevill, Geoffrey. 1869. Additional notes on the land-shells …
  • … of the Seychelles islands. [Read 28 January 1869. ] Proceedings …
  • … of the Zoological Society of London (1869): 61–6. SF6 P384.b.21 15 …

To John Warburton Robinson   1 February 1869

Summary

Statement of sum due from Rev. Robinson "On account of School".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Warburton Robinson
Date:  1 Feb 1869
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6587

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Warburton Robinson   1 February 1869
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25. ) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Feb 1869 John Warburton Robinson …
  • … from the Rev d . J.  W.  Robinson on account of School 27"12"5 Ch. Darwin Feb.  1. 1869. — …
  • … 1 December 1868 ) and evidently took over the treasureship again in 1869 (see letter from …
  • … John Lubbock, 8 February 1869 , and Bromley Public Library, …
  • … Downe National School Annual Report 1869 (P123/5/7)). The document is countersigned ‘J.   …

To Eliza Meteyard   [18 February 1869]

Summary

CD signed the petition, had Sir Charles Lyell do so also, and then forwarded the memorial to Sir John Lubbock.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Eliza Meteyard
Date:  [18 Feb 1869]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6618

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Eliza Meteyard   [18 February 1869] …
  • … Mss.B.D25. ) Charles Robert Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 [18 Feb 1869] Eliza Meteyard …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter from Eliza Meteyard, 19 February 1869 . …
  • … The Thursday before 19 February 1869 was 18 February. …
  • … See letter to John Lubbock, [before 13 February 1869] , and letter from …
  • … John Lubbock, 13 February [1869] . …

From J. B. Innes   20 October 1869

Summary

Sends Guardian containing Hutton’s paper on CD.

Discusses Henry Powell, the new vicar of Down, and plans for the parsonage.

Author:  John Brodie Innes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Oct 1869
Classmark:  DAR 167: 26
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6948

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From J.  B.  Innes   20 October 1869
  • … DAR 167: 26 John Brodie Innes Milton Brodie 20 Oct 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to J.  B.  Innes, 18 October 1869  and n.  6. Innes refers to Richard Holt …
  • … the text of Hutton’s paper in the 13 October 1869 issue. The reference is to Henry Powell. …
  • … See letter to J.  B.  Innes, 18 October 1869 . See letter to J.   …
  • … B.  Innes, 18 October 1869  and n.  5. Innes refers to Henry James Lubbock, Sultan …
  • … Milton Brodie | Forres | N.B. 20 th . Oct r . 1869 Dear Darwin, Many thanks for your kind …
  • … of France. The empress paid a visit to the sultan from 16 to 18 October 1869 ( The Times , …
  • … 18 October 1869, p.  7). For more on Powell’ …
  • … the letter from John Lubbock, 20 July [1869] and n.  3. Innes refers to the Ecclesiastical …

To George Cupples   [6–9? January 1869]

Summary

Discusses the development of horns in reindeer and other deer.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Cupples
Date:  [6–9? Jan 1869]
Classmark:  Cupples 1894, p. 165
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6546F

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To George Cupples   [6–9? January 1869] …
  • … Cupples 1894, p. 165 Charles Robert Darwin [6–9? Jan 1869] George Cupples …
  • … see letter to Sven Nilsson, 5 January 1869  and n.  1). In Descent 2: 261–2, CD cited …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letters from George Cupples, 4 January 1869 , 11  …
  • … January 1869 , and …
  • … 21 January 1869 , and the letter to …
  • … Sven Nilsson, 5 January 1869 . The responses …
  • … contained in Cupples’s letter of 21 January 1869 indicate that he had passed on CD’s query …

From J. D. Hooker   11 March 1869

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Summary

Orchids translation should goad [French] Academy into electing CD.

JDH will be sent to St Petersburg congress by Government.

Huxley on protoplasm; his address to Geological Society.

Fertilised an Aucuba with pollen of various species. Reports on results.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 10–11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6655

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   11 March 1869
  • … DAR 103: 10–11 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 11 Mar 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … In his letter to Hooker of 8 March [1869], CD enclosed the letter …
  • … from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869 . Henrietta Emma Darwin had been ill for a couple of …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 8 March [1869] and n.  4). Hooker refers to the proposed …
  • … the Académie des Sciences (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 8 March [1869] and nn.  5 and 6). …
  • … which arrived in New Zealand on 8 February 1869 (Yaldwyn and Hobbs eds.  1998, pp.  102, …
  • … at St Petersburg opened on 16 May 1869. For reports on the exhibition, including …
  • … Alexander II, see Gardeners’ Chronicle (1869): 553–4, 582, 586–8, 609–10, 614. Hooker did …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker to James Hector, 23 April 1869 (Yaldwyn and Hobbs eds.  1998, pp.   109– …
  • … in the Fortnightly Review , 1 February 1869 (T.  H.  Huxley 1869a). Huxley equated ‘ …
  • … Geological Society of London on 19 February 1869 (T.  H.  Huxley 1869c). In the address, …

From J. D. Hooker   7 September 1869

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Summary

Reports on events at Exeter [BAAS] meeting. G. G. Stokes made a first-rate President.

Huxley "poured boiling oil" over James McCann in answer to his "conceited dogmatic sermon".

F. A. W. Miquel is coming to stay.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Sept 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 30–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6879

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   7 September 1869
  • … DAR 103: 30–1 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 7 Sept 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … University Press. 1985–. McCann, James. 1869. Anti-Darwinism. Glasgow: David Bryce & Co. …
  • … Press. 1993–7. Stokes, George Gabriel. 1869. Presidential address. Report of the thirty- …
  • … Association for the Advancement of Science; held at Exeter in August 1869 , lxxxix–cv. …
  • … was held at Exeter from 18 to 25 August 1869. He refers to Thomas Dyke Acland, William …
  • … was president of the British Association in 1869. Hooker had remarked on Stokes’s upcoming …
  • … Huxley’s reply was printed in the Athenæum , 4 September 1869, p.  309. McCann’s paper was …
  • … and a rejoinder from McCann ( McCann 1869 ). A copy is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection– …
  • … discussion appeared in the Athenæum , 4 September 1869, pp.  309–10. In the conclusion of …
  • … of the phenomena of life and mind ( Stokes 1869 , pp.  civ–cv). Hooker refers to John …
  • … Advancement of Science, held at Exeter in 1869 , lxxxvii–lxxxviii). Hooker alludes to a …
  • … Advancement of Science, held at Exeter in 1869 , p.  lxxxviii). Hooker refers to Friedrich …

To Fritz Müller   14 March 1869

Summary

Translation of Für Darwin has been published [Facts and arguments for Darwin (1869)].

Discusses dimorphic plants, commenting on FM’s observations on Oxalis.

Is greatly interested in Eschscholzia, which seems somewhat more self-sterile in Brazil than in England.

Thinks FM’s grass is "most wonderful".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  14 Mar 1869
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 27)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6662

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To Fritz Müller   14 March 1869
  • … 10 no 27) Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 Mar 1869 Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …
  • … published [ Facts and arguments for Darwin (1869)]. Discusses dimorphic plants, commenting …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869  and nn.  1 and 2). E.  crocea is now considered …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. March 14 th 1869 My dear Sir I fear that your patience will …
  • … and arguments for Darwin (Dallas trans.  1869), the translation of Für Darwin (F.  Müller …
  • … 5th edition, with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1869. …
  • … 2). See letter from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869  and nn.  6–8. For CD’s description of …
  • … of researches 2d ed. , p.  52. See letter from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869  and n.  10. …
  • … CD enclosed Müller’s letter of 12 January 1869 with his letter to Joseph …
  • … Dalton Hooker of 8 March [1869]. Alfred Russel Wallace. Müller and CD had been studying …
  • … the letter to R.  F.  Cooke, 23 [February 1869] . John Murray. See Correspondence vol.   …
  • … ed. See letter from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869 . Müller had probably sent the seeds of …
  • … of 31 October 1868 ( Correspondence vol.  16) or with his letter of 12 January 1869. See …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869  and nn.  3–5. Müller did not publish his …

From James Croll   4 February 1869

Summary

Argues for great age of earth before the Cambrian period. Opposes measuring age from secular cooling. Opposes Sir William Thomson. Lyell’s error on secular cooling.

Thanks for Moseley citation ["On the mechanical possibility of the descent of glaciers", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 17 (1869): 202–8].

In Edinburgh he feels out of touch with latest developments.

Author:  James Croll
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Feb 1869
Classmark:  DAR 161: 263
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6599

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From James Croll   4 February 1869
  • … DAR 161: 263 James Croll Edinburgh 4 Feb 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 1834 , p.  119). See letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] and nn.  7 and 8. Croll …
  • … refers to Henry Moseley. See letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] and n.  6. …
  • … of glaciers", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 17 (1869): 202–8]. In Edinburgh he feels out of touch …
  • … See letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] and n.  2. …
  • … See letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] and n.  4. …
  • … See letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] . See …
  • … letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] and n.  8. In C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 2: 213, Lyell …
  • … Edinburgh Feby 4 th 1869. Dear Sir, Your favour with book came duly to hand, and I am glad …
  • … See letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] and n.  7. Croll refers to Thomson’s paper ‘ …

To W. C. Tait   24 February 1869

Summary

Discusses method for shipping Drosophyllum specimens.

Asks about inheritance in tailless dogs;

the growth of horns in merino sheep.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Chester Tait
Date:  24 Feb 1869
Classmark:  Alan R. Tait (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6631

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To W.  C.  Tait   24 February 1869
  • … R. Tait (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 Feb 1869 William Chester Tait …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. Feb.  24 th /1869 Dear Sir Your kindness is extraordinarily great …
  • … See letter from W.  C.  Tait, 19 February 1869 . See letters from W.   …
  • … C.  Tait, 26 January 1869 and …
  • … 19 February 1869. …
  • … In his letter of 2 February [1869], CD had mentioned that he was studying secondary sexual …
  • … information from Robert Sison (see letter from J.  V.  Carus, 22 January 1869  and n.  3). …

To Charles Lyell   20 March [1869]

Summary

Discusses views of Wallace, H. N. Moseley, and Croll on the mechanics of glacier movement.

Comments on Wallace’s new book [The Malay Archipelago (1869)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  20 Mar [1869]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.367)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6672

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   20 March [1869] …
  • … see letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 5 March [1869] and n.  2). …
  • … Mss.B.D25.367) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Mar [1869] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … of glacier movement. Comments on Wallace’s new book [ The Malay Archipelago (1869)]. …
  • … in a letter to James Croll of 31 January [1869] . Croll sent CD a pre-publication copy of …
  • … see letter from James Croll, 15 February 1869  and n.  3). CD refers to Wallace 1869a ( …

To James Orton   23 January [1869]

Summary

Thanks JO for intending to dedicate his The Andes and the Amazon to him.

The discovery of marine shells high up the Amazons CD finds extremely interesting.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Orton
Date:  23 Jan [1869]
Classmark:  University of Oklahoma Libraries History of Science Collections
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6570

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To James Orton   23 January [1869] …
  • … History of Science Collections Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Jan [1869] James Orton …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from James Orton, 4 January 1869 . See …
  • … letter from James Orton, 4 January 1869  and n.  11. …
  • … See letter from James Orton, 4 January 1869  and n.  1. …
  • … See letter from James Orton, 4 January 1869  and n.  6. CD refers …
  • … to Louis Agassiz. See letter from James Orton, 4 January 1869  and nn.  4 and 7. …

To W. C. Tait   27 August [1869]

Summary

Will not trouble WCT for more specimens of Drosophyllum. Hooker says genus is closely allied to Drosera, though having such different habits.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Chester Tait
Date:  27 Aug [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 546
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6872

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To W.  C.  Tait   27 August [1869] …
  • … DAR 147: 546 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Aug [1869] William Chester Tait …
  • … the letter from W.  C.  Tait, [23 August 1869] . There are no references in CD’s published …
  • … this letter and the letter from W.  C.  Tait, [23 August 1869] . See letter from W.   …
  • … C.  Tait, [23 August 1869] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker to Emma Darwin, 29 March 1869  and n.  7. CD refers to Joseph Dalton Hooker. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 13 August 1869  and n.  10. CD presumably refers to …

To J. D. Hooker   8 March [1869]

Summary

Transmits letter [from Fritz Müller].

Has been asked to permit a French translation of Orchids and Journal of researches.

At work on sexual selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 Mar [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 116-17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6647

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   8 March [1869] …
  • … DAR 94: 116-17 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Mar [1869] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … researches into French (see letter from C.  P.  Haussoullier, 31 January 1869 and n.  1). …
  • … between this letter and the letter from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869 . CD evidently …
  • … the letter from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869 . CD refers to Müller’s experiments with …
  • … very ill from 23 February until 9 March 1869. The French translation of Orchids by Louis …
  • … and Magazine of Natural History 4th ser. 4 (1869): 141–59. [ Collected papers 2: 138–56. ] …
  • … in the form of footnotes ending ‘C.  D. , mai 1869’. CD published an English version of …
  • … and Magazine of Natural History in July 1869 ( ‘Fertilization of orchids’ ). Much of this …

To W. C. Tait   17 July [1869]

Summary

Discusses need for cross-fertilisation in Geranium.

Hooker begins to doubt whether Drosophyllum so closely allied to Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Chester Tait
Date:  17 July [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 545; Sotheby’s (dealers) (19 July 1990)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6833

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To W.  C.  Tait   17 July [1869] …
  • … dealers) (19 July 1990) Charles Robert Darwin Caerdeon 17 July [1869] William Chester Tait …
  • … between this letter and the letter from W.  C.  Tait, 11 July 1869 . See letter from W.   …
  • … C.  Tait, 11 July 1869 . Tait had sent CD several specimens of Drosophyllum lusitanicum , …
  • … see letter to W.  C.  Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 ). Joseph Dalton Hooker. See letters …
  • … from W.  C.  Tait, 10  May 1869  and …
  • … 11 July 1869 . CD had received information on Saxon merino sheep from his German …
  • … translator, Julius Victor Carus (see letters from J.  V.  Carus, 22 January 1869  and …
  • … 2 February 1869 ). CD refers to Descent. The reference is to Orchids. The second …
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Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition …
  • … that is something’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [22 January 1869] ). Much of the remainder of …
  • … to be the case’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 January 1869 ). Hooker went straight to a crucial …
  • … probable’ (see also letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 January [1869] , and letter from A. R. Wallace, …
  • … in distribution’ ( letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] ). Darwin had argued ( Origin , pp. …
  • … formation’ ( letter to James Croll,  31 January [1869] ). Croll could not supply Darwin with an …
  • … have got that yet’ ( letter from James Croll, 4 February 1869 ).  Darwin did not directly …
  • … towards [Thomson]’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 19 March [1869] ). Towards Descent …
  • … ‘everlasting old Origin’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 1 June [1869] ), he was able to return to work on  …
  • … ( letter from Robert Elliot to George Cupples, 21 June 1869 ).  Details on mating behaviour …
  • … in the garden ( letter from Frederick Smith, 8 October 1869 ). Albert Günther, assistant in the …
  • … varieties ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 25 February [1869] ). The data contined to …
  • … cocks & hens.—’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 November [1869] ). Yet completion of the work was …
  • … for  Descent . Researching emotion In 1869, Darwin still expected that  Descent …
  • … hatred—’ ( from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May [1869] ). James Crichton-Browne and …
  • … ( enclosure to letter from Henry Maudsley, 20 May 1869 ). Darwin had often complained of the …
  • … in regard to Man’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ).  More remarkable still were Wallace …
  • … seem to you like some mental hallucination’ ( 18 April 1869 ). Since his marriage to Annie …
  • …  (Wallace 1869a; letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 March [1869] ), and scolded him for again being too …
  • … demands justice’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). Proceeding on all fronts …
  • … South American cordillera ( letter to Charles Lyell, 20 May 1869 ), and fossil discoveries in …
  • … investigated in depth ( letter from C. F. Claus, 6 February 1869 ). In a letter to the  Gardeners …
  • … of the soil ( letter to  Gardeners’ Chronicle , 9 May [1869] ). In March, Darwin received …
  • … in the early 1860s ( letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 ). This research contributed to  …
  • … editions ( see letter from Victor Masson, 29 September 1869 ). The work had been undertaken, like …
  • … Animals”’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 19 November [1869] ). Angered by these proceedings, Darwin …
  • … of Fritz Müller’s  Für Darwin  (Dallas trans. 1869). The book, an explication of Darwinian …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Crichton-Browne, James 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 19 May 1869 West Riding …
  • … Gray, Asa 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Jane 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Asa 8 & 9 May 1869 Florence, Italy (about …
  • … King, P.G. 25 Feb 1869 Sydney, Australia …
  • … Maudsley, Henry 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 17 Jan 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 28 June [1869] Sierra Leone, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 26 Dec 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Scott, John 2 July 1869 Royal Botanic Gardens, …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 6736 - Gray, A. & J. L to Darwin, [8 & 9 May 1869] Jane Loring Gray, …
  • … Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … Letter 6815 - Scott, J. to Darwin, [2 July 1869] John Scott responds to Darwin’s …
  • …  - Darwin to  Gunther, A. C. L. G., [21 September 1869] Darwin asks Gunther for “a great …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … (letter from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May 1869 ) Darwin cited Gray’s …
  • … their year long trip to Europe and North Africa in 1868 to 1869, the Grays visited Charles and Emma …
  • … 1868, and visiting again on their return journey in August 1869. Although they never met again, the …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … standard of science’ ( to Charles Layton, 24 November [1869] ). From the 3 rd edition on …
  • … published, 1866 5 th English edition published, 1869 6 th English edition …
  • … on the fifth edition from Boxing Day 1868 until February 1869.  Among the changes were stories about …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Becker tells Darwin that …
  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. L. B., [8 November, 1869] Darwin writes to feminist …
  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Suffragist and …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work on human expression. Donders visited Darwin in 1869 , and a year later Darwin consoled him …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … comprised two halves kept at different temperatures, and in 1869 Darwin told the botanist William …
  • … temperatures’ (letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March [1869] ,  Calendar  no. 6661). …

Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … vol. 17, letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). His views were presented more fully in a …
  • … comparative anatomist through his work on primates. In July 1869, Mivart published the first of a …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. B., [8 November 1869] Darwin thanks Antoinette …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … " Letter 6728 : from Charles Lyell, 5 May 1869 "I feel that …
  • … Letter 6866 : From Federico Delpino, 22 August 1869 "Perhaps because of intellectual …

John Beddoe

Summary

In 1869, when gathering data on sexual selection in humans, Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with John Beddoe, a doctor in Bristol. He was looking for evidence that racial differences that appear to have no benefit in terms of survival - and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1869 Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with a John Beddoe, a doctor in …

Suggested reading

Summary

  Contemporary writing Anon., The English matron: A practical manual for young wives, (London, 1846). Anon., The English gentlewoman: A practical manual for young ladies on their entrance to society, (Third edition, London, 1846). Becker, L. E.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … A. L. B.,  Studies in general science , (New York, 1869). Buckley, A.,  The fairy-land …
  • … M.,  On molecular and microscopic science ,  (London, 1869). Treat, M., ‘ Is the valve …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … himself an injustice & never demands justice” (14 April 1869). But Wallace continued, both …
  • … about the application of natural selection to ‘man’ in 1869, and looked instead to a ‘higher …
  • … investigation (see letter from A. R. Wallace, 18 April [1869]). Wallace’s views on man were also …
  • … the “great General” (letter to Charles Kingsley, 7 May 1869). In later years when Darwin reflected …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … was later expanded into the book, Hereditary Genius (1869), which contained an entry on the …

6248A_20488

Summary

From Fritz Müllerf1   17 June 1868Itajahy, Sa. Catharina, Brazil,17. Juni 1868. .... . Sie werden schon aus meinem letzten Briefe ersehen haben, dass es mir sehr schmeichelhaft ist, wenn Sie meine…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … The figure and page references are to W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f15 Podophthalma: …
  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … text Möller 1915–21, 2: 141–3; W. S. Dallas trans. 1869, pp. 119–21 n. Physcial description …

6248A_20488A

Summary

From Fritz Müllerf1   17 June 1868Itajahy, Sa. Catharina, Brazil,17. Juni 1868. .... . Sie werden schon aus meinem letzten Briefe ersehen haben, dass es mir sehr schmeichelhaft ist, wenn Sie meine…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … The figure and page references are to W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f15 Podophthalma: …
  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … text Möller 1915–21, 2: 141–3; W. S. Dallas trans. 1869, pp. 119–21 n. Physcial description …

6430_10256

Summary

From Sven Nilsson to J. D. Hookerf1   25 October 1868Lund (Suède)25 Okt. 1868.Monsieur le Professeur! J’ai écrit à deux de mes amis qui ont des connaissances personnelles à la Lapponie, pour avoir les…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …
  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down …

About the project

Summary

On this site you can read and search the full texts of more than 7,500 of Charles Darwin’s letters, and find information on 7,500 more. Available here are complete transcripts of all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are being added all the time. …
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