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From George Cupples   [4–10 November 1869]

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Summary

Weight statistics on deerhound puppies born 23 Sept 1869.

Author:  George Cupples
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [4–10 Nov 1869]
Classmark:  DAR 83: 147
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6970

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From George Cupples   [4–10 November 1869] …
  • … Weight statistics on deerhound puppies born 23 Sept 1869. …
  • … DAR 83: 147 George Cupples unstated [4–10 Nov 1869] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of the deerhound puppies (4 November 1869), and the next projected weighing (11 November). …
  • … In his letter of 22 March 1869, Cupples had promised to weigh every litter of puppies he …
  • … males at two, three, and six weeks old. See letter from George Cupples, 11 March 1869 . …

To J. D. Hooker   16 January [1869]

Summary

Finds JDH’s comments of utmost value. Answers some questions, and asks new ones. Transmission of variations. Relation of uniformity of structure to natural selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  16 Jan [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 112–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6557

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   16 January [1869] …
  • … DAR 94: 112–13 Charles Robert Darwin Down 16 Jan [1869] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 15 January 1869 . CD refers to the letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 14 [January] 1869  and …
  • … 15 January 1869 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 15 January 1869  and nn.  1 and 2. See …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 [January] 1869  and n.  2. CD refers to Jean-Pierre-Etienne …
  • … family Rutaceae). See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 15 January 1869  and n.  6. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 15 January 1869  and n.  5. CD refers to John Scott. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 15 January 1869 . The notes CD refers to have not been …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 [January] 1869  and n.  4. The fourth edition of Origin was …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1869. Origin : On the origin of species by means …

Moore, Charles. 1869. Lord Howe’s Island. Gardeners’ Chronicle (1869): 968–9.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Moore, Charles. 1869. Lord Howe’s …
  • … Island. Gardeners’ Chronicle (1869): 968–9. WBG L439.b.27.29 17 …

Carpenter, William Benjamin, et al. 1869. Preliminary report of the scientific exploration of the deep sea in H.M. Surveying Vessel ‘Porcupine,’ during the summer of 1869. [Received 18 November 1869.] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London18 (1869–70): 397–492.

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Carpenter, William Benjamin, et al. 1869. Preliminary report of the scientific exploration …
  • … of the deep sea in H.M. Surveying Vessel ‘Porcupine,’ during the summer of 1869. [ …
  • … Received 18 November 1869. ] Proceedings …
  • … of the Royal Society of London 18 (1869–70): 397–492. https://archive.org/ …

To Mary Somerville   21 January [1869]

Summary

Thanks for copy of MS’s book [On molecular and microscopic science, (1869)]. Part on orchids is an excellent summary.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Mary Fairfax; Mary Greig; Mary Somerville
Date:  21 Jan [1869]
Classmark:  Bodleian Libraries, Oxford (Dep. c. 370, folder MSD-1: on loan from Somerville College, Oxford)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6563

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Mary Somerville   21 January [1869] …
  • … On molecular and microscopic science , (1869)]. Part on orchids is an excellent summary. …
  • … Oxford) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Jan [1869] Mary Fairfax/Mary Greig/Mary Somerville …
  • … London: John Murray. 1862. Somerville, Mary. 1869. On molecular and microscopic science. 2 …
  • … s book, On molecular and microscopic science ( Somerville 1869 ) was published at …
  • … the beginning of January 1869 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 16 January 1869, p.  10). CD’s copy is in the Darwin Library– …
  • … from Orchids in the book ( Somerville 1869 , 1: 389–403; see also Correspondence vol 14, …

To Francis Galton   23 December [1869]

Summary

Praises FG’s book [Hereditary genius (1869)]. CD is converted by its argument. Previously CD believed men did not differ much in intellect, but only in zeal and hard work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Galton
Date:  23 Dec [1869]
Classmark:  UCL Library Services, Special Collections (GALTON/1/1/9/5/7/8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7032

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Francis Galton   23 December [1869] …
  • … Collections (GALTON/1/1/9/5/7/8) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Dec [1869] Francis Galton …
  • … Bibliography Galton, Francis. 1869. Hereditary genius: an inquiry into its laws and …
  • … Praises FG’s book [ Hereditary genius (1869)]. CD is converted by its argument. Previously …
  • … by the reference to Galton’s Hereditary genius ( Galton 1869 ). CD was reading Hereditary …
  • … genius: an inquiry into its laws and consequences ( Galton 1869 ). George Howard Darwin. …

To the Athenæum   7 [July] 1869

Summary

Because readers have arrived at different answers to the problem of the rate of increase of elephants, CD offers a rule, used by his son George, for calculating the product for any number of generations.

[Letter erroneously dated June.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  7 [July] 1869
Classmark:  Athenæum, 17 July 1869, p. 82
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6820

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To the Athenæum    7 [July] 1869
  • … Athenæum , 17 July 1869, p.   …
  • … 82 Charles Robert Darwin Caerdeon 7 [July] 1869 Athenæum …
  • … by mistake. He arrived in Wales on 12 June 1869 and stayed until 30 July (Emma Darwin’s …
  • … also letter to the Athenæum , 19 June 1869. The letter from Germany has not been found; CD …
  • … from Ponderer to the Athenæum , [before 5 June 1869] and n.  2, and letter from E.   …
  • … L.  Garbett to the Athenæum , 29 June 1869. George Howard Darwin. The calculus of finite …
  • … Caerdeon, Barmouth, June 7, 1869. I have received a letter from Germany on the increase of …

To Federico Delpino   24 and 25 August [1869]

Summary

Thanks FD for his three publications.

CD is pleased that FD has discussed Pangenesis, although he does not favour the hypothesis. Will seek English publisher.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Federico Delpino
Date:  24 and 25 Aug 1869
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.376)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6869

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Federico Delpino   24 and 25 August [1869] …
  • … American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.376) Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 Aug [1869] 25 …
  • … Aug [1869] Federico Delpino …
  • … between this letter and the letter from Federico Delpino, 22 August 1869 . See …
  • … letter from Federico Delpino, 22 August 1869  and n.  2. CD refers to Delpino 1869a. …
  • … 29 September, 6 October, and 13 October 1869 issues of Scientific Opinion (Delpino 1869b). …

To Fritz Müller   8 September [1869]

Summary

Wants observations on a Papilio to see whether ticking noise is confined to one sex.

Experiments on self-sterility.

Will send copy of his orchid paper ["Fertilisation of orchids", Collected papers 2: 138–56].

Eschscholzia when self-fertilised, produced pods.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  8 Sept [1869]
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 30)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6881

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To Fritz Müller   8 September [1869] …
  • … 10 no 30) Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Sept [1869] Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …
  • … and Magazine of Natural History 4th ser. 4 (1869): 141–59. [ Collected papers 2: 138–56. ] …
  • … and the letter from Fritz Müller, 15 June 1869 . CD had remarked on the clicking noise of …
  • … see the letter from Fritz Müller, 15 June 1869 and n.  8. CD’s annotated copy of Edouard …
  • … 1864a, pp.  24–6, and Dallas trans.  1869, pp.  35–7). Claparède argued that differences …
  • … from Fritz Müller, 13 February 1866 ). See letter to Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869  and n.   …
  • … 9, and letter from Fritz Müller, 15 June 1869 . According to Emma Darwin’s …
  • … Asa Gray had visited CD on 28 August 1869. Eschscholzia californica is the California …
  • … different species of Eschscholzia (see letter to Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869  and n.  11). …
  • … See letter to Fritz Müller, 18 July [1869] and n.  6. CD …
  • … californica after his letter to Fritz Müller of 14 March 1869 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 13 August 1869  and n.  13. …
  • … On Reseda odorata , see the letter to Fritz Müller, 18 July [1869] and n.  5. …

From T. H. Huxley   16 July 1869

Summary

Has already referred Haeckel’s request to J. S. Bowerbank.

Has lost track of collectors and naturalists "by grace of the dredge" because of other work and ""the great question of "Darwinismus" which is such a worry to us all"".

Family health.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 July 1869
Classmark:  DAR 166: 320
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6830

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   16 July 1869
  • … travelling in Russia and northern Europe. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 June 1869 . …
  • … DAR 166: 320 Thomas Henry Huxley London, Jermyn St 16 July 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … refers to Ernst Haeckel. See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 9 July [1869] , and letter from …
  • … Ernst Haeckel, 2 July 1869 . James Scott Bowerbank. See letter …
  • … to T.  H.  Huxley, 9 July [1869] . Huxley refers to the practice of dredging for marine …
  • … Jermyn S July 16 th . 1869 My dear Darwin Haeckel wrote to me some time ago about his …

To William Ogle   7 July [1869]

Summary

Comments on WO’s paper on Salvia [Pop. Sci. Rev. 8 (1869): 261–73], which he admires.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Ogle
Date:  7 July [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 261.5: 3 (EH 88205901)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6818

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To William Ogle   7 July [1869] …
  • … DAR 261.5: 3 (EH 88205901) Charles Robert Darwin Caerdeon 7 July [1869] William Ogle …
  • … Comments on WO’s paper on Salvia [ Pop. Sci. Rev. 8 (1869): 261–73], which he admires. …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Ogle, William. 1869. The fertilisation of Salvia and of some …
  • … of Salvia and some other flowers’ appeared in the 1 July 1869 issue of Popular …
  • … Science Review ( Ogle 1869 ). CD’s annotated copy of the paper is in the Darwin Pamphlet …
  • … one with a shorter style (see Ogle 1869 , p.  269). He noted the the longer styled …
  • … connection between the two facts ( Ogle 1869 , pp.  270–1). In ‘Specific difference in …
  • … Read 19 March 1868. ] Journal of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 10 (1869): 437–54. …

From Martin Wilckens   25 March 1869

Summary

Sends two of his publications ["Bericht über die wissenschaftlichen Fortschritte der Thierzucht", Jahrb. Landwirtsch. (1869) and "Die Aufgaben der landwirtschaftlicher Biotechnik", Landwirtsch. Wochenbl. (1869)].

Author:  Martin Wilckens
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 96: 67v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6682

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Martin Wilckens    25 March 1869
  • … DAR 96: 67v Martin Wilckens Prieborn 25 Mar 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … der Thierzucht", Jahrb. Landwirtsch. (1869) and "Die Aufgaben der landwirtschaftlicher …
  • … Biotechnik", Landwirtsch. Wochenbl. (1869)]. …
  • … Prieborn in Schlesien | Preussen 25 März 1869. Herrn Charles Darwin | in | Down Bromley …
  • … advances in animal husbandry; Wilckens 1869 ). CD’s annotated copies are in the Darwin …
  • … Prieborn in Silesia | Prussia. 25 March 1869. Mr Charles Darwin | in | Down Bromley Kent …
  • … Thierzucht (1866): 67–93. Wilckens, Martin. 1869. Bericht über die wissenschaftlichen …
  • … der Thierzucht im Jahre 1867/68. Jahrbuch der Landwirthschaft (1869): 299–360. …

To Gustav Jäger   9 September 1869

Summary

Admires GJ’s book [Die Darwin’sche Theorie (1869)].

Asks about plumage of rejected male pheasant.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gustav Jäger
Date:  9 Sept 1869
Classmark:  Frau Dr. Hildegard Jaeger (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6885

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Gustav Jäger   9 September 1869
  • … Hildegard Jaeger (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Sept 1869 Gustav Jäger …
  • … GJ’s book [ Die Darwin’sche Theorie (1869)]. Asks about plumage of rejected male pheasant. …
  • … John Murray. 1871. Jäger, Gustav. [1869. ] Die Darwin’sche Theorie und ihre Stellung zur …
  • … in competition for females ( Jäger [1869] , p.  59). CD cited this example in Descent 2: …
  • … Down. | Beckenham | Kent. S.E. Sep.  9 1869 Dear Sir I lately received, but I do not know …
  • … There is an annotated copy of Jäger [1869] in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: …
  • … informed CD about Jäger’s work (see letter from Eduard Koch, 17 June 1869 , and letter to …
  • … Eduard Koch, 22 June [1869] ). Darwin later received another copy from Jäger himself ( …

From James Croll   15 February 1869

Summary

Thanks for abstract of Moseley’s paper on motion of glaciers [see 6599]. Reading it convinced him that Tyndall’s received view is wrong. Has formed a new view, which he has sent to Philosophical Magazine [4th ser. 37 (1869): 201–6].

Author:  James Croll
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Feb 1869
Classmark:  DAR 161: 264
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6616

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From James Croll   15 February 1869
  • … DAR 161: 264 James Croll Edinburgh 15 Feb 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … a new view, which he has sent to Philosophical Magazine [4th ser. 37 (1869): 201–6]. …
  • … Bibliography Croll, James. 1869. On the physical cause of the motion of glaciers. …
  • … See letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] and n.  6. For John Tyndall’s account of his …
  • … Croll’s paper ‘On the physical cause of the motion of glaciers’ ( Croll 1869 ) appeared in …
  • … the March 1869 issue of Philosophical Magazine. CD’s copy has not been found. William …
  • … Edinburgh. Feby 15 th 1869. Dear Sir, I am much obliged to you for the copy of Scientific …

To Victor Masson   [after 29 September 1869]

Summary

Is annoyed that a new French edition of Origin [1870] has been prepared without making use of the corrections CD made in the 5th English edition [1869].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Masson, Victor et fils
Date:  [after 29 Sept 1869]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 61
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6916

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Victor Masson   [after 29 September 1869] …
  • … DAR 96: 61 Charles Robert Darwin Down [after 29 Sept 1869] Masson, Victor et fils …
  • … prepared without making use of the corrections CD made in the 5th English edition [1869]. …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter from Victor Masson, 29 September 1869 . …
  • … Letter from Victor Masson, 29 September 1869 . CD refers to Clémence Auguste Royer. …
  • … letter from Victor Masson, 29 September 1869  and nn.  2 and 3. CD’s letter to Masson has …

To Albert Günther   27 September [1869]

Summary

Thanks AG for full answers to queries.

Delighted Mr Ford will undertake drawings [for Descent]; comments on some illustrations he would like.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Date:  27 Sept [1869]
Classmark:  Shrewsbury School, Taylor Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6913

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Albert Günther   27 September [1869] …
  • … Library Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Sept [1869] Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) …
  • … specimens in DAR 84.1: 170. See letter from Albert Günther, 23 September 1869  and n.  7. …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter to Albert Günther, 21 September 1869 . See …
  • … letter to Albert Günther, 21 September 1869 , and letter from Albert …
  • … Günther, [before 27 September 1869] . See …
  • … letter from Albert Günther, [before 27 September 1869] and n.  5. George …
  • … Henry Ford. See letter from Albert Günther, 23 September 1869 . See …
  • … letter from Albert Günther, 23 September 1869  and nn.  3 and 4. Illustrations of a tail …

To W. C. Tait   12 and 16 March 1869

Summary

Thanks for specimen of Drosophyllum.

Describes capacity of various plants to catch flies.

Cannot name fern specimen.

Laugher pigeon descended from Columba livia.

Discusses tailless dogs.

Believes astronomical phenomenon responsible for oscillation of level of earth’s crust.

Would WCT like copy of Orchids?

Expected plants [Drosophyllum] have arrived.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Chester Tait
Date:  12 and 16 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 147: 541; Sotheby’s (dealers) (19 July 1990)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6661

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To W.  C.  Tait   12 and 16 March 1869
  • … DAR 147: 541; Sotheby’s (dealers) (19 July 1990) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Mar 1869 16 …
  • … Mar 1869 William Chester Tait …
  • … See letters from W.  C.  Tait, 2 March 1869  and …
  • … 5 March 1869 . CD had carried out a series of experiments on Drosera and Dionaea between …
  • … Down, Bromley, Kent. S.E. March 12, 1869 Dear Sir I have received your two letters of …
  • … nitrogenous compounds’. See letter from W.  C.  Tait, 2 March 1869 . See letter from W.   …
  • … C.  Tait, 2 March 1869  and nn.  14 and 15. CD confused the laugher pigeon (a variety of …
  • … See letter from W.  C.  Tait, 2 March 1869  and n.  10. CD had considered the problem of …
  • … 238–40. The fifth edition of Origin was published in May 1869 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 1 July 1869, p.  386). See letter from …
  • … W.  C.  Tait, 2 March 1869 . See letter from W.   …
  • … C.  Tait, 2 March 1869 . CD had written to James Croll, ‘I wish that you would turn your …
  • … see letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] ). CD refers to Orchids and Climbing plants. …

To C. F. Claus   28 January 1869

Summary

Thanks CC for two memoirs [see 6575. The other was possibly "Die Cypris-ähnliche Larve der Cirripedien", Schr. Ges. Beförd Naturw. Marburg (1869)].

Haeckel is too enthusiastic and too bold in drawing conclusions.

CD sees no reason to add to what he says on isolation, in new edition of Origin.

Lists specimens he has available for CC’s intended study of metamorphoses of Lepas.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Carl Friedrich Claus
Date:  28 Jan 1869
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 205–207)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6581

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To C.  F.  Claus   28 January 1869
  • … Darwin, Charles, Bl. 205–207) Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 Jan 1869 Carl Friedrich Claus …
  • … Trypetesa. The fifth edition of Origin was published in May 1869 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 1 July 1869, p.  386). …
  • … Schr. Ges. Beförd Naturw. Marburg (1869)]. Haeckel is too enthusiastic and too bold in …
  • … See letter from C.  F.  Claus, 24 January 1869  and nn.  2 and 6. CD refers to Claus 1868a …
  • … of Ernst Haeckel, see letter from C.  F.  Claus, 24 January 1869  and n.  5. See letter …
  • … from C.  F.  Claus, 24 January 1869  and n.  4. CD began working on the fifth edition of …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. Jan 28 1869 Dear & esteemed Sir Your letter has given me …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1869. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … ed. , p.  120. In his letter of 24 January 1869, Claus informed CD that he was working on …
  • … letter from C.  F.  Claus, 24 January 1869  and n.  9. For the criticism of CD’s discovery …

From Eduard Koch   30 October 1869

Summary

Sends copy of C. J. Dub [Kurze Darstellung der Lehre Darwin’s über die Entstehung der Organismen (1870)].

Asks about appearance of CD’s next book.

Comments on the Duke of Argyll’s Primeval man [1869].

New [4th] German edition of Origin to appear soon.

Author:  Eduard Koch; E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Oct 1869
Classmark:  DAR 169: 45
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6961

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Eduard Koch    30 October 1869
  • … Koch E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung Stuttgart 30 Oct 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … on the Duke of Argyll’s Primeval man [1869]. New [4th] German edition of Origin to appear …
  • … See letter from J.  V.  Carus, 20 October 1869 . Koch refers to George Douglas Campbell …
  • … and to Primeval man ( G.  D.  Campbell 1869 ). The reference is to the fourth German …
  • … Bibliography Campbell, George Douglas. 1869. Primeval man: an exhibition of some recent …
  • … Stuttgart den 30 . Oktober 1869 Hochgeehrter Herr! Gleichzeitig mit diesem erlaube ich mir …
  • … remarks; Dub 1870 ); see also letter to Julius Dub, 20 March 1869 . Koch refers to …
  • … Descent and to the notice in Academy 1 (1869–70): 15–16. The reference is to Julius Victor …
  • … Stuttgart 30 October 1869 Highly honoured Sir! As I write, I venture to send you a copy of …

To Eduard Koch   4 November 1869

Summary

Thanks EK for Julius Dub’s work [see 6961].

Has sent the new [5th] edition of Origin to Carus.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Eduard Koch
Date:  4 Nov 1869
Classmark:  Württembergische Landesbibliothek, Stuttgart (Cod. hist. 4o 333a. No 77, 4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6969

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Eduard Koch   4 November 1869
  • … 4) Charles Robert Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 Down letterhead 4 Nov 1869 Eduard Koch …
  • … see letter from Eduard Koch, 30 October 1869 . CD sent the fifth English edition of Origin …
  • … Carus on 21 June (see letter to J.  V.  Carus, 21 June [1869] ). See also letter to J.   …
  • … V.  Carus, 4 May 1869 . …
  • … 6 Queen Anne Street, London] Nov.  4 th . 1869 Dear Sir I am much obliged for D r . Dub’s …
  • … see letter from Eduard Koch, 30 October 1869 . There is a copy of Dub 1870  in the Darwin …
  • … Descent in the letter to J.  V.  Carus, 22 October [1869] ; see also the letter to J.   …
  • … V.  Carus, 30 October 1869 . The reference is to the German translation of the fifth …
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Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition …
  • … that is something’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [22 January 1869] ). Much of the remainder of …
  • … to be the case’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 January 1869 ). Hooker went straight to a crucial …
  • … probable’ (see also letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 January [1869] , and letter from A. R. Wallace, …
  • … in distribution’ ( letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] ). Darwin had argued ( Origin , pp. …
  • … formation’ ( letter to James Croll,  31 January [1869] ). Croll could not supply Darwin with an …
  • … have got that yet’ ( letter from James Croll, 4 February 1869 ).  Darwin did not directly …
  • … towards [Thomson]’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 19 March [1869] ). Towards Descent …
  • … ‘everlasting old Origin’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 1 June [1869] ), he was able to return to work on  …
  • … ( letter from Robert Elliot to George Cupples, 21 June 1869 ).  Details on mating behaviour …
  • … in the garden ( letter from Frederick Smith, 8 October 1869 ). Albert Günther, assistant in the …
  • … varieties ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 25 February [1869] ). The data contined to …
  • … cocks & hens.—’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 November [1869] ). Yet completion of the work was …
  • … for  Descent . Researching emotion In 1869, Darwin still expected that  Descent …
  • … hatred—’ ( from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May [1869] ). James Crichton-Browne and …
  • … ( enclosure to letter from Henry Maudsley, 20 May 1869 ). Darwin had often complained of the …
  • … in regard to Man’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ).  More remarkable still were Wallace …
  • … seem to you like some mental hallucination’ ( 18 April 1869 ). Since his marriage to Annie …
  • …  (Wallace 1869a; letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 March [1869] ), and scolded him for again being too …
  • … demands justice’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). Proceeding on all fronts …
  • … South American cordillera ( letter to Charles Lyell, 20 May 1869 ), and fossil discoveries in …
  • … investigated in depth ( letter from C. F. Claus, 6 February 1869 ). In a letter to the  Gardeners …
  • … of the soil ( letter to  Gardeners’ Chronicle , 9 May [1869] ). In March, Darwin received …
  • … in the early 1860s ( letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 ). This research contributed to  …
  • … editions ( see letter from Victor Masson, 29 September 1869 ). The work had been undertaken, like …
  • … Animals”’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 19 November [1869] ). Angered by these proceedings, Darwin …
  • … of Fritz Müller’s  Für Darwin  (Dallas trans. 1869). The book, an explication of Darwinian …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Crichton-Browne, James 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 19 May 1869 West Riding …
  • … Gray, Asa 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Jane 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Asa 8 & 9 May 1869 Florence, Italy (about …
  • … King, P.G. 25 Feb 1869 Sydney, Australia …
  • … Maudsley, Henry 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 17 Jan 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 28 June [1869] Sierra Leone, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 26 Dec 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Scott, John 2 July 1869 Royal Botanic Gardens, …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 6736 - Gray, A. & J. L to Darwin, [8 & 9 May 1869] Jane Loring Gray, …
  • … Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … Letter 6815 - Scott, J. to Darwin, [2 July 1869] John Scott responds to Darwin’s …
  • …  - Darwin to  Gunther, A. C. L. G., [21 September 1869] Darwin asks Gunther for “a great …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … (letter from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May 1869 ) Darwin cited Gray’s …
  • … their year long trip to Europe and North Africa in 1868 to 1869, the Grays visited Charles and Emma …
  • … 1868, and visiting again on their return journey in August 1869. Although they never met again, the …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … standard of science’ ( to Charles Layton, 24 November [1869] ). From the 3 rd edition on …
  • … published, 1866 5 th English edition published, 1869 6 th English edition …
  • … on the fifth edition from Boxing Day 1868 until February 1869.  Among the changes were stories about …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Becker tells Darwin that …
  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. L. B., [8 November, 1869] Darwin writes to feminist …
  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Suffragist and …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work on human expression. Donders visited Darwin in 1869 , and a year later Darwin consoled him …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … comprised two halves kept at different temperatures, and in 1869 Darwin told the botanist William …
  • … temperatures’ (letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March [1869] ,  Calendar  no. 6661). …

Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … vol. 17, letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). His views were presented more fully in a …
  • … comparative anatomist through his work on primates. In July 1869, Mivart published the first of a …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. B., [8 November 1869] Darwin thanks Antoinette …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … " Letter 6728 : from Charles Lyell, 5 May 1869 "I feel that …
  • … Letter 6866 : From Federico Delpino, 22 August 1869 "Perhaps because of intellectual …

John Beddoe

Summary

In 1869, when gathering data on sexual selection in humans, Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with John Beddoe, a doctor in Bristol. He was looking for evidence that racial differences that appear to have no benefit in terms of survival - and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1869 Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with a John Beddoe, a doctor in …

Suggested reading

Summary

  Contemporary writing Anon., The English matron: A practical manual for young wives, (London, 1846). Anon., The English gentlewoman: A practical manual for young ladies on their entrance to society, (Third edition, London, 1846). Becker, L. E.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … A. L. B.,  Studies in general science , (New York, 1869). Buckley, A.,  The fairy-land …
  • … M.,  On molecular and microscopic science ,  (London, 1869). Treat, M., ‘ Is the valve …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … himself an injustice & never demands justice” (14 April 1869). But Wallace continued, both …
  • … about the application of natural selection to ‘man’ in 1869, and looked instead to a ‘higher …
  • … investigation (see letter from A. R. Wallace, 18 April [1869]). Wallace’s views on man were also …
  • … the “great General” (letter to Charles Kingsley, 7 May 1869). In later years when Darwin reflected …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … was later expanded into the book, Hereditary Genius (1869), which contained an entry on the …

6248A_20488

Summary

From Fritz Müllerf1   17 June 1868Itajahy, Sa. Catharina, Brazil,17. Juni 1868. .... . Sie werden schon aus meinem letzten Briefe ersehen haben, dass es mir sehr schmeichelhaft ist, wenn Sie meine…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … The figure and page references are to W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f15 Podophthalma: …
  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … text Möller 1915–21, 2: 141–3; W. S. Dallas trans. 1869, pp. 119–21 n. Physcial description …

6248A_20488A

Summary

From Fritz Müllerf1   17 June 1868Itajahy, Sa. Catharina, Brazil,17. Juni 1868. .... . Sie werden schon aus meinem letzten Briefe ersehen haben, dass es mir sehr schmeichelhaft ist, wenn Sie meine…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … The figure and page references are to W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f15 Podophthalma: …
  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … text Möller 1915–21, 2: 141–3; W. S. Dallas trans. 1869, pp. 119–21 n. Physcial description …

6430_10256

Summary

From Sven Nilsson to J. D. Hookerf1   25 October 1868Lund (Suède)25 Okt. 1868.Monsieur le Professeur! J’ai écrit à deux de mes amis qui ont des connaissances personnelles à la Lapponie, pour avoir les…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …
  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …

About the project

Summary

On this site you can read and search the full texts of more than 7,500 of Charles Darwin’s letters, and find information on 7,500 more. Available here are complete transcripts of all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are being added all the time. …

Family life

Summary

From the long letters exchanged with his sisters during the Beagle voyage, through correspondence about his marriage to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, the births—and deaths—of their children, to the  contributions of his sons and daughters  to his scientific…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … From the long letters exchanged with his sisters during the  Beagle  voyage, through …
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