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From T. H. Farrer   28 November 1869

Summary

Agrees that it is wise to delay [publishing?] on Passiflora.

Puts queries he wants CD to send [to Fritz Müller] on bees visiting flowers in winter.

Author:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Nov 1869
Classmark:  DAR 164: 61
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7015

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Farrer   28 November 1869
  • … furze). Farrer also commented on Sprengel 1793  in his letters of 13 October 1869 and …
  • … 17 October 1869. …
  • … 61 Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer Abinger Hall 28 Nov 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Letter to T.  H.  Farrer, [27 November 1869] . Farrer is evidently referring to CD’s ‘ …
  • … see letter to T.  H.  Farrer, [27 November 1869] . For Farrer’s thoughts on Passiflora and …
  • … Tacsonia , see the letters from T.  H.  Farrer, 13 October 1869  and …
  • … 27 October 1869 . For Joseph Dalton Hooker and George Bentham’s list of species in the ‘ …
  • … In his letter to Farrer of [27 November 1869], CD enclosed an extract from a letter from …
  • … to letter to T.  H.  Farrer, [27 November 1869] . Ulex europaeus , the common gorse, or …

From T. H. Huxley   28 September 1869

Summary

Will do his best on the tooth [sent by CD] but does not put much weight on conclusions based on a single tooth of a horse.

Darwin attacked by three clergymen at BAAS meeting [Exeter, 1869].

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Sept 1869
Classmark:  DAR 166: 321
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6914

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   28 September 1869
  • … DAR 166: 321 Thomas Henry Huxley London, Jermyn St 28 Sept 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 September 1869  and n.  4. …
  • … was all they were worth— Ever | Yours faithfully | T.  H.  Huxley Jermyn S Sep.  28. 1869
  • … tooth of a horse. Darwin attacked by three clergymen at BAAS meeting [Exeter, 1869]. …
  • … See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 21 September [1869] . The Darwins stayed at …
  • … Barmouth, Wales, from 12 June to 30 July 1869 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Huxley …
  • … summarised in the Athenæum , 4 September 1869, p.  309. For Huxley’s dispute with McCann, …

To T. H. Huxley   9 July [1869]

Summary

Haeckel wants British specimens of calcareous sponges. Can THH tell him to whom he can apply?

Health not improving – cannot climb even a hill.

Has heard THH’s article on Comte ["Scientific aspects of Positivism", Lay sermons (1870)] is a splendid success.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  9 July [1869]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 271)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6823

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   9 July [1869] …
  • … earlier article (T.  H.  Huxley 1869a). See letters to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 March 1869 and …
  • … 12 March [1869], and letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 11 March 1869 . …
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 271) Charles Robert Darwin Caerdeon 9 July [1869] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … this letter and the letter from Ernst Haeckel, 2 July 1869 . Henrietta Anne Huxley. …
  • … See letter from Ernst Haeckel, 2 July 1869 . CD refers to ‘The scientific aspects of …
  • … Huxley 1869b), which appeared in the 1 June 1869 issue of the Fortnightly Review. Huxley …

From A. R. Wallace   20 October 1869

Summary

Looks forward to Descent, though he expects to find more to differ with than in any other of CD’s books.

Problems of usefulness of incipient organs and of the independent origin of similar complex organs are real difficulties.

Plans a little book on "Distribution of animals".

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Oct 1869
Classmark:  DAR 106: B86–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6949

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   20 October 1869
  • … 7 Alfred Russel Wallace London, St Mark’s Crescent, 9 20 Oct 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Caerdeon, Barmouth, Wales, in June and July 1869 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  17, …
  • … Bibliography Challis, James. 1869. Notes on the principles of pure and applied …
  • … John Murray. 1871. Murphy, Joseph John. 1869. Habit and intelligence in their connexion …
  • … 9, St. Mark’s Crescent, N.W. Oct r . 20th.  1869. Dear Darwin I do not know your son’s (Mr …
  • … of mathematical principles to theories of the physical forces ( Challis 1869 ). George’ …
  • … s response to Wallace, dated 23 October 1869, is in the British Library (Add.46434, f.   …
  • … 191). The reference is to Descent (see Academy 1 (1869–70): 15–16). …
  • … The notice appeared in the 9 October 1869 issue under the heading ‘Scientific notes’ and …
  • … and expression of the emotions. Wallace refers to Joseph John Murphy and Murphy 1869 . …
  • … Wallace reviewed Murphy 1869  in the …
  • … 25 November 1869 issue of Nature (Wallace 1869d). The unsigned article, ‘Difficulties of …

From John Murray   28 April [1869]

Summary

Has sold 400 copies of Facts and arguments for Darwin. It is a poor time for bookselling.

Last Quarterly Review has best exposition of Darwinism he has met with [A. R. Wallace, "Geological climates, and origin of species", Q. Rev. 126 (1869): 359–94].

Proposes to print 2000 copies of a new [5th] edition of Origin.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Apr [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 368
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6715

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From John Murray   28 April [1869] …
  • … DAR 171: 368 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50 28 Apr [1869] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Hegt a copy of his Journal of researches (see letter to J.  N.  Hegt, 27 April [1869] ). …
  • … and origin of species", Q. Rev. 126 (1869): 359–94]. Proposes to print 2000 copies of a …
  • … established by the reference to Dallas trans.  1869 (see n.  2, below). William Sweetland …
  • … Dallas’s translation of Fritz Müller’s Für Darwin (Dallas trans.  1869, F.   …
  • … Müller 1864a) was published in March 1869 (see letter from …
  • … Robert Cooke, 12 March 1869). Murray refers to a review by Alfred Russel Wallace in the …
  • … see the letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 14 April 1869  and n.  12. Murray refers to the fifth …

From R. F. Cooke   12 March 1869

Summary

Book [Facts and arguments for Darwin] is being bound; it is probably too late to alter lettering.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 171: 367
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6659

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   12 March 1869
  • … F.  Cooke, 10 March 1869  and n.  2). …
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 12 Mar 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Dallas, Charles Spence Bate, and copies of Dallas trans.  1869 (see letter to R.   …
  • … F.  Cooke, 9 March [1869] ). For the list of journals that …
  • … received review copies of Dallas trans.  1869, see the letter to R.   …
  • … F.  Cooke, 23 [February 1869] . Cooke refers to the lettering of the spine of the book ( …
  • … see letter to R.  F.  Cooke, 9 March [1869] , and letter from R.   …

From Hermann Müller   22 September 1869

Summary

Thanks CD for the English edition of his brother’s book [Fritz Müller, Facts and arguments for Darwin (1869)]

and for CD’s memoir on orchids ["Fertilization of orchids", Collected papers 2: 138–56].

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Sept 1869
Classmark:  DAR 171: 294
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6904

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Hermann Müller   22 September 1869
  • … 294 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller Lippstadt 22 Sept 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Fritz Müller, Facts and arguments for Darwin (1869)] and for CD’s memoir on orchids [" …
  • … species of Bombus (bumblebees) as well as other insects, see H.  Müller 1869 , pp.  52–5. …
  • … and Magazine of Natural History 4th ser. 4 (1869): 141–59. [ Collected papers 2: 138–56. ] …
  • … Müller, Hermann. 1869. Die Anwendung der Darwin’ schen Lehre auf …
  • … und blumen-besuchende Insekten. [Read 18 May 1869. ] Verhandlungen des naturhistorischen …
  • … Lippstadt 22. Sept.  1869. My dear Sir I am very much obliged to you for your kindness in …
  • … and arguments for Darwin (Dallas trans.  1869) and ‘Fertilization of orchids’ . Müller’s …
  • … and flower-visiting insects; H.  Müller 1869 ) was published in the Verhandlungen des …

From G. H. Darwin   14 February 1869

Summary

Explains the point about gravitation and heat that CD does not understand in J. Croll’s letter [6218?].

Cambridge news.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Feb 1869
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6614

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   14 February 1869
  • … 210.2: 7 George Howard Darwin Trinity College, Cambridge 14 Feb 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 6 February 1869 . George refers to John Hollams and probably …
  • … to Alfred Douglas Hamilton. See letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 6 February 1869 . George …
  • … left for Paris on 5 March 1869 (see letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, [23 February 1869] and n.  7). …
  • … from James Croll, [2 December 1868] ( Correspondence vol.  16) and 4 February 1869. See …
  • … also letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] and n.  2. George refers to Augustus Austen …
  • … CD was in London from 16 to 24 February 1869 (see CD’s ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.   …
  • … See letter from James Croll, 4  February 1869 , and letter to G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, 6 February [1869] and n.  2. George refers to Francis Darwin and Marlborough …

To James Crichton-Browne   8 June 1869

Summary

Thanks for information about expression.

Comments on JC-B’s photographs of insane people.

Sends copy of Duchenne [see 6755].

Asks for further information about platysma, his bête noire for a year or two.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  8 June 1869
Classmark:  DAR 143: 328
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6779

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To James Crichton-Browne   8 June 1869
  • … DAR 143: 328 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 June 1869 James Crichton-Browne …
  • … me, my dear Sir with cordial thanks | Yours sincerely | Charles Darwin June 8th, 1869
  • … See letter from Henry Maudsley, 20 May 1869 , and letter from James …
  • … Crichton-Browne, 1 June 1869 . See n.  1, …
  • … letter from James Crichton-Browne, 1 June 1869 . The observer was Jane Loring Gray (see …
  • … letter from Asa and J.  L.  Gray, 8 and 9 May 1869). See …
  • … letter from James Crichton-Browne, 1 June 1869 . CD had been asking his correspondents to …
  • … Down, June 8, 1869 Dear Sir I am grateful for the extremely kind manner in which you offer …
  • … letter from James Crichton-Browne, 1 June 1869 . CD was in London from 16 to 24 February  …
  • … of Duchenne 1862 (see letter to James Crichton-Browne, 22 May 1869 , and letter from James …
  • … Crichton-Browne, 1 June 1869 ). No letter from Thomas Henry Huxley on this subject has …

From T. H. Huxley   17 March 1869

Summary

Last letter was written to be passed on for Lushington’s edification. "(Standing on the points of my toes and my tail very stiff)." Is tiring of controversy as a waste of time. Begins to understand CD’s sufferings over Origin.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 166: 318
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6665

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   17 March 1869
  • … DAR 166: 318 Thomas Henry Huxley Geological Survey 17 Mar 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … hatching his own particular maggot of an idea Ever yours | T.  H.  Huxley March 17. 1869
  • … Lushington. See letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 11 March 1869 . CD wrote his own letter to …
  • … Lushington rather than simply passing on Huxley’s letter of 11 March 1869 (see letter to …
  • … Vernon Lushington, [12 March 1869] , and letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 12 March [1869] ). Origin. …

To Edward Blyth   14 September [1869]

Summary

Thanks EB for his attempts to find out about the mandrills;

sorry to hear that he has been so badly treated by the manager of Land and Water.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Blyth
Date:  14 Sept [1869]
Classmark:  McGill University Library, Department of Rare Books
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6891

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Edward Blyth   14 September [1869] …
  • … Library, Department of Rare Books Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 Sept [1869] Edward Blyth …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter from Edward Blyth, 13 September 1869 . See …
  • … letter from Edward Blyth, 13 September 1869 . See letter from J.   …
  • … N.  Hegt, [23 April 1869] , and letter to …
  • … Max Schmidt, [29 April 1869] . CD cited William Elliot on the wild boar in …
  • … Descent 1: 267. See letters from Walter Elliot, 7 August 1869  and …
  • … 7 September 1869 . CD refers to Land …
  • … see letter from Edward Blyth, 13 September 1869 . Blyth had started writing for the Field. …

To J. J. Weir   13 May [1869]

Summary

Comments on paper by JJW ["On insects and insectivorous birds", Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. (1869): 21–6]. JJW’s verification of A. R. Wallace’s suggestion regarding inheritance is quite a discovery.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Jenner Weir
Date:  13 May [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 148: 321
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6746

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  J.  Weir   13 May [1869] …
  • … DAR 148: 321 Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 May [1869] John Jenner Weir …
  • … birds", Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. (1869): 21–6]. JJW’s verification of A. R. Wallace’s …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  J.  Weir, [1–13] May 1869 . See letter from J.   …
  • … J.  Weir, [1–13] May 1869  and n.  2. See letter from …
  • … J.  J.  Weir, [1–13] May 1869  and n.  3. See letter from …
  • … J.  J.  Weir, [1–13] May 1869 . …

To T. C. Eyton   24 January 1869

Summary

Has heard that book by Alphonse M[ilne]-Edwards [? Recherches anatomiques et paléontologiques, 4 vols. (1867–71)] is excellent.

Asks when horns appear on young male fallow deer.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Campbell Eyton
Date:  24 Jan 1869
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.359)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6573

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To T.  C.  Eyton   24 January 1869
  • … in the development of horns, see letter to George Cupples, [6–9? January 1869] and n.  2. …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.359) Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 Jan 1869 Thomas Campbell Eyton …
  • … See letter from T.  C.  Eyton, [before 23 January 1869] and n.  2. See letter from …
  • … T.  C.  Eyton, [before 23 January 1869] and n.  4. CD refers to Alphonse Milne Edwards. …
  • … See letter from T.  C.  Eyton, [before 23 January 1869] and n.  5. For more on CD’s …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. Jan 24 1869 Dear Eyton I am sorry to say that I cannot give …

To A. R. Wallace   27 March [1869]

Summary

Hopes ARW has not "murdered too completely your own and my child" [natural selection] in his Quarterly Review article ["Sir Charles Lyell on geological climates and the Origin", 126 (1869): 359–94] on Lyell’s Principles [10th ed.].

CD is attributing more significance to useless variability in new [5th] edition of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  27 Mar [1869]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6684

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   27 March [1869] …
  • … Library (Add MS 46434) Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Mar [1869] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … on geological climates and the Origin ", 126 (1869): 359–94] on Lyell’s Principles [10th …
  • … this letter and the letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 24 March 1869 . See letter from A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 24 March 1869  and n.  3. Crossoptilon is the genus of eared pheasants. In …
  • … see letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 24 March 1869  and n.  10). CD had discussed with Joseph …
  • … von Nägeli (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 January 1869 and n.  1, and letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 15 January 1869 , 18  …
  • … January 1869 , and [ …
  • … 25 January 1869] ). …

To J. V. Carus   4 May 1869

Summary

Discusses changes in 5th edition of Origin owing to new evidence. CD now places more value on action of external conditions; thinks lapse of time [required for development of species] not so great as some geologists have thought, and single variations [saltations] of even less importance compared with individual differences.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  4 May 1869
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 41–42)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6726

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   4 May 1869
  • … sales of Variation in his letter of 29 April 1869. CD refers to Descent. …
  • … Darwin, Charles, Bl. 41–42) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 May 1869 Julius Victor Carus …
  • … See letter from J.  V.  Carus, 29 April 1869 . CD refers to the fifth edition of Origin . …
  • … see the letter to J.  V.  Carus, 5 February 1869  and n.  5. Eduard Koch. For CD’s list of …
  • … Down. | Beckenham | Kent. S.E. May 4. 1869 My dear Sir I am pleased to hear about the …
  • … example, letter from James Croll, 4 February 1869 , and Origin 5th ed. , pp.  348–54). For …
  • … Origin 5th ed. , pp.  104–5; see also letters to A.  R.  Wallace, 22 January [1869] and …
  • … 2 February [1869] . Carus reported on …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1869. Origin : On the origin of species by means …

From A. R. Wallace   24 March 1869

thumbnail

Summary

Comments on Fritz Müller’s book [Facts and arguments for Darwin].

Responds to CD’s corrections of his work [Malay Archipelago].

Plumage of birds of paradise.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 84.1: 112–15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6681

Matches: 11 hits

  • … s annotations are notes for his reply (see letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 27 March [1869] ). …
  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   24 March 1869
  • … 15 Alfred Russel Wallace London, St Mark’s Crescent, 9 24 Mar 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Wallace refers to Dallas trans.  1869 (see letter to …
  • … Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869  and nn.  1 and 17). See …
  • … letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 22 March [1869] . See letter to A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 22 March [1869] and n.  12. The wapiti or (American) elk is Cervus …
  • … St. Mark’s Crescent, N.W. March 24 th . 1869 Dear Darwin Allow me first to thank you for …
  • … elk is Alces alces. See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 22 March [1869] . See letter to A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 22 March [1869] and n.  14. Wallace refers to the ruby-throated humming- …
  • … See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 22 March [1869] and n.  15. For Wallace’s discussion of …

From T. H. Farrer   12 August 1869

Summary

Will work on papilionaceous flowers since CD encourages it. Discusses function of hairs in certain plants.

Author:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Aug 1869
Classmark:  DAR 164: 54
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6861

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Farrer   12 August 1869
  • … 54 Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer Abinger Hall 12 Aug 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … H.  Farrer, 8 August 1869 , and letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Farrer, 10 August [1869] . Farrer refers to Frances Farrer; see letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Farrer, 10 August [1869] . …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Farrer, 8 August 1869  and n.  4, and letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Farrer, 10 August [1869] . Trinity House corporation in London was the official …
  • … and Wales ( OED ). See letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 10 August [1869] . See letter from T.   …

To the Athenæum   19 June 1869

Summary

Thanks correspondent, "Ponderer", for pointing out his erroneous calculation of the rate of increase of elephants in Origin [p. 64]. [!?or p. 74!? (see 6775f), or 75, (see 6790)]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  19 June 1869
Classmark:  Athenæum, 26 June 1869, p. 861
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6787

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To the Athenæum    19 June 1869
  • … Athenæum , 26 June 1869, p.   …
  • … 861 Charles Robert Darwin Caerdeon 19 June 1869 Athenæum …
  • … at Caerdeon in North Wales from 12 June to 30 July 1869 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … to the Athenæum , [before 5 June 1869]. CD refers to Hugh Falconer. No correspondence with …
  • … identified. See letter from Ponderer to the Athenæum , [before 5 June 1869] and n.  2. …
  • … Caerleon, North Wales, June 19, 1869. I am much obliged to your Correspondent of June 5  …

To Fritz Müller   1 December [1869]

Summary

Role of humming-birds in plant fertilisation.

Alexander Agassiz has visited Down.

Sales of Facts and arguments for Darwin.

Encloses copy of T. H. Farrer letter [7015] and observations on the self-sterility of Eschscholzia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  1 Dec [1869]
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 31)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7018

Matches: 16 hits

  • … To Fritz Müller   1 December [1869] …
  • … 10 no 31) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Dec [1869] Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …
  • … between this letter and the letter from Fritz Müller, 18 October 1869 . Müller evidently …
  • … enclosed seeds with his letter of 18 October 1869 to replace those that had been damaged …
  • … earlier (see letter to Fritz Müller, 18 July [1869] and n.  5). For Thomas Henry Farrer’s …
  • … sent a copy of the extract from Müller’s letter of 18 October 1869 with his letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Farrer, [27 November 1869] . For Farrer’s original reply, see the letter from …
  • … sincerely | Ch. Darwin Escholtzia Californica 1869. Many plants were raised from crossed …
  • … T.  H.  Farrer, 28 November 1869 . Both the enclosures to the letter to Müller are copies …
  • … also letter from Louis Agassiz, 6 July 1869 . On the health problems of James Dwight Dana, …
  • … ANB. The reference is to the translation of F.  Müller 1864a (Dallas trans.  1869). See …
  • … letter from John Murray, 17 November 1869 . Murray was the …
  • … publisher of Dallas trans.  1869. Adolf Bernhard Meyer had sent CD his German …
  • … See letter from A.  B.  Meyer, 16 November 1869. The enclosure, written in Emma Darwin’s …
  • … reported on their growth; see letter from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869 , and letter to …
  • … Fritz Müller, 18 July [1869] and n.  6. CD included the information in Cross and self …

From James Orton   8 September 1869

Summary

Sends a lower molar of fossil horse from Quito. Curious as to its species, especially in view of Owen’s findings in Mexico.

Author:  James Orton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Sept 1869
Classmark:  DAR 173: 38
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6882

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From James Orton   8 September 1869
  • … DAR 173: 38 James Orton Vassar College 8 Sept 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … America. New York: Harper. Owen, Richard. 1869. On fossil remains of equines from Central …
  • … College | Poughkeepsie, New York. Sept.  8. 1869. Charles Darwin Esq &c | Down, Bromley, …
  • … Orton’s letter of 4 January 1869 described his scientific expedition to South America, …
  • … For Richard Owen’s paper on fossil horses, see Owen 1869 . See also the letter from W.   …
  • … B.  Dawkins, 17 July 1869 . Orton 1870  was dedicated …
  • … to CD (see letter from James Orton, 4 January 1869 , and letter to …
  • … James Orton, 23 January [1869] ). CD’ s annotated copy is in the Darwin Archive–CUL (see …
  • … and Equus arcidens, Ow. [Read 4 February 1869. ] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal …
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Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition …
  • … that is something’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [22 January 1869] ). Much of the remainder of …
  • … to be the case’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 January 1869 ). Hooker went straight to a crucial …
  • … probable’ (see also letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 January [1869] , and letter from A. R. Wallace, …
  • … in distribution’ ( letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] ). Darwin had argued ( Origin , pp. …
  • … formation’ ( letter to James Croll,  31 January [1869] ). Croll could not supply Darwin with an …
  • … have got that yet’ ( letter from James Croll, 4 February 1869 ).  Darwin did not directly …
  • … towards [Thomson]’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 19 March [1869] ). Towards Descent …
  • … ‘everlasting old Origin’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 1 June [1869] ), he was able to return to work on  …
  • … ( letter from Robert Elliot to George Cupples, 21 June 1869 ).  Details on mating behaviour …
  • … in the garden ( letter from Frederick Smith, 8 October 1869 ). Albert Günther, assistant in the …
  • … varieties ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 25 February [1869] ). The data contined to …
  • … cocks & hens.—’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 November [1869] ). Yet completion of the work was …
  • … for  Descent . Researching emotion In 1869, Darwin still expected that  Descent …
  • … hatred—’ ( from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May [1869] ). James Crichton-Browne and …
  • … ( enclosure to letter from Henry Maudsley, 20 May 1869 ). Darwin had often complained of the …
  • … in regard to Man’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ).  More remarkable still were Wallace …
  • … seem to you like some mental hallucination’ ( 18 April 1869 ). Since his marriage to Annie …
  • …  (Wallace 1869a; letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 March [1869] ), and scolded him for again being too …
  • … demands justice’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). Proceeding on all fronts …
  • … South American cordillera ( letter to Charles Lyell, 20 May 1869 ), and fossil discoveries in …
  • … investigated in depth ( letter from C. F. Claus, 6 February 1869 ). In a letter to the  Gardeners …
  • … of the soil ( letter to  Gardeners’ Chronicle , 9 May [1869] ). In March, Darwin received …
  • … in the early 1860s ( letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 ). This research contributed to  …
  • … editions ( see letter from Victor Masson, 29 September 1869 ). The work had been undertaken, like …
  • … Animals”’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 19 November [1869] ). Angered by these proceedings, Darwin …
  • … of Fritz Müller’s  Für Darwin  (Dallas trans. 1869). The book, an explication of Darwinian …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Crichton-Browne, James 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 19 May 1869 West Riding …
  • … Gray, Asa 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Jane 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Asa 8 & 9 May 1869 Florence, Italy (about …
  • … King, P.G. 25 Feb 1869 Sydney, Australia …
  • … Maudsley, Henry 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 17 Jan 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 28 June [1869] Sierra Leone, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 26 Dec 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Scott, John 2 July 1869 Royal Botanic Gardens, …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 6736 - Gray, A. & J. L to Darwin, [8 & 9 May 1869] Jane Loring Gray, …
  • … Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … Letter 6815 - Scott, J. to Darwin, [2 July 1869] John Scott responds to Darwin’s …
  • …  - Darwin to  Gunther, A. C. L. G., [21 September 1869] Darwin asks Gunther for “a great …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … (letter from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May 1869 ) Darwin cited Gray’s …
  • … their year long trip to Europe and North Africa in 1868 to 1869, the Grays visited Charles and Emma …
  • … 1868, and visiting again on their return journey in August 1869. Although they never met again, the …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … standard of science’ ( to Charles Layton, 24 November [1869] ). From the 3 rd edition on …
  • … published, 1866 5 th English edition published, 1869 6 th English edition …
  • … on the fifth edition from Boxing Day 1868 until February 1869.  Among the changes were stories about …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Becker tells Darwin that …
  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. L. B., [8 November, 1869] Darwin writes to feminist …
  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Suffragist and …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work on human expression. Donders visited Darwin in 1869 , and a year later Darwin consoled him …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … comprised two halves kept at different temperatures, and in 1869 Darwin told the botanist William …
  • … temperatures’ (letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March [1869] ,  Calendar  no. 6661). …

Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … vol. 17, letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). His views were presented more fully in a …
  • … comparative anatomist through his work on primates. In July 1869, Mivart published the first of a …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. B., [8 November 1869] Darwin thanks Antoinette …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … " Letter 6728 : from Charles Lyell, 5 May 1869 "I feel that …
  • … Letter 6866 : From Federico Delpino, 22 August 1869 "Perhaps because of intellectual …

John Beddoe

Summary

In 1869, when gathering data on sexual selection in humans, Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with John Beddoe, a doctor in Bristol. He was looking for evidence that racial differences that appear to have no benefit in terms of survival - and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1869 Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with a John Beddoe, a doctor in …

Suggested reading

Summary

  Contemporary writing Anon., The English matron: A practical manual for young wives, (London, 1846). Anon., The English gentlewoman: A practical manual for young ladies on their entrance to society, (Third edition, London, 1846). Becker, L. E.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … A. L. B.,  Studies in general science , (New York, 1869). Buckley, A.,  The fairy-land …
  • … M.,  On molecular and microscopic science ,  (London, 1869). Treat, M., ‘ Is the valve …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … himself an injustice & never demands justice” (14 April 1869). But Wallace continued, both …
  • … about the application of natural selection to ‘man’ in 1869, and looked instead to a ‘higher …
  • … investigation (see letter from A. R. Wallace, 18 April [1869]). Wallace’s views on man were also …
  • … the “great General” (letter to Charles Kingsley, 7 May 1869). In later years when Darwin reflected …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … was later expanded into the book, Hereditary Genius (1869), which contained an entry on the …

6248A_20488

Summary

From Fritz Müllerf1   17 June 1868Itajahy, Sa. Catharina, Brazil,17. Juni 1868. .... . Sie werden schon aus meinem letzten Briefe ersehen haben, dass es mir sehr schmeichelhaft ist, wenn Sie meine…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … The figure and page references are to W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f15 Podophthalma: …
  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … text Möller 1915–21, 2: 141–3; W. S. Dallas trans. 1869, pp. 119–21 n. Physcial description …

6248A_20488A

Summary

From Fritz Müllerf1   17 June 1868Itajahy, Sa. Catharina, Brazil,17. Juni 1868. .... . Sie werden schon aus meinem letzten Briefe ersehen haben, dass es mir sehr schmeichelhaft ist, wenn Sie meine…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … The figure and page references are to W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f15 Podophthalma: …
  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … text Möller 1915–21, 2: 141–3; W. S. Dallas trans. 1869, pp. 119–21 n. Physcial description …

6430_10256

Summary

From Sven Nilsson to J. D. Hookerf1   25 October 1868Lund (Suède)25 Okt. 1868.Monsieur le Professeur! J’ai écrit à deux de mes amis qui ont des connaissances personnelles à la Lapponie, pour avoir les…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …
  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …

About the project

Summary

On this site you can read and search the full texts of more than 7,500 of Charles Darwin’s letters, and find information on 7,500 more. Available here are complete transcripts of all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are being added all the time. …

Family life

Summary

From the long letters exchanged with his sisters during the Beagle voyage, through correspondence about his marriage to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, the births—and deaths—of their children, to the  contributions of his sons and daughters  to his scientific…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … From the long letters exchanged with his sisters during the  Beagle  voyage, through …
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