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To J. J. Weir   1 May 1875

Summary

August Weismann is interested in JJW’s experiments on birds and the caterpillars they eat.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Jenner Weir
Date:  1 May 1875
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.468)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9962

Matches: 6 hits

  • … noted that birds avoided eating brightly coloured caterpillars ( Riley 1869–77 , 3: 134). …
  • … Bibliography Riley, Charles Valentine. 1869–77. Annual reports on the noxious, beneficial, …
  • … printer [and others]. Weir, John Jenner. 1869. On insects and insectivorous birds; and …
  • … and the edibility of Lepidoptera and their larvae. [Read 1 March 1869. ] Transactions …
  • … of the Entomological Society of London (1869): 21–6. Weir, John Jenner. 1870. Further …
  • … of Lepidoptera and their larvae ( Weir 1869  and Weir 1870 ). Charles Valentine Riley, …

To Francis Darwin   [September 1875 or later?]

Summary

Asks FD to make out [Hermann] Hoffmann’s conclusions about the fertilisation of Phaseolus multiflorus [in Untersuchungen zur Bestimmung des Werthes von Species und Varietät (1869)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [Sept 1875 or later?]
Classmark:  CUL, Darwin Pamphlet Collection R112
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9219A

Matches: 6 hits

  • … climate and that it was only a variety, not a true species ( Hoffmann 1869 , p.  78). …
  • … in Untersuchungen zur Bestimmung des Werthes von Species und Varietät (1869)]. …
  • … John Murray. 1876. Hoffmann, Hermann. 1869. Untersuchungen zur Bestimmung des Werthes von …
  • … of the Darwinian hypothesis; Hoffmann 1869 ). An annotated copy is is in the Darwin …
  • … is now Phaseolus coccineus . In Hoffmann 1869 , pp.  68–9, Hoffmann described experiments …
  • … with which he had experimented ( Hoffmann 1869 , p.  60). He referred to a marbled white …

To C. V. Riley   30 May 1875

Summary

Thanks for the seventh of CVR’s Annual reports on the noxious, beneficial and other insects in the state of Missouri (Riley 1869–77).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Valentine Riley
Date:  30 May 1875
Classmark:  Kenneth W. Rendell (dealer) (August 2005)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10002F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on the noxious, beneficial and other insects in the state of Missouri (Riley 1869–77). …
  • … Publishing. 1990. Riley, Charles Valentine. 1869–77. Annual reports on the noxious, …
  • … insects in the state of Missouri ( Riley 1869–77 ). The first report sent by Riley to CD …
  • … insects in the state of Missouri ( Riley 1869–77 ); thereafter he sent the reports to CD …

From Charlotte Papé   16 July 1875

Summary

Wants to study hereditary mental characters to see whether they are limited by sex – an idea CD holds provisionally and which she doubts. She sends a questionnaire form that she asks CD to criticise. Has read Francis Galton [Hereditary genius (1869)].

Author:  Charlotte Papé
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 July 1875
Classmark:  DAR 174: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10072

Matches: 4 hits

  • … form that she asks CD to criticise. Has read Francis Galton [ Hereditary genius (1869)]. …
  • … London: John Murray. 1871. Galton, Francis. 1869. Hereditary genius: an inquiry into its …
  • … characteristics in families, Galton 1869  and Galton 1874 . For CD’s views on the …
  • … cited Galton’s Hereditary genius ( Galton 1869 ) on the superiority of men’s achievements …

From D. Appleton & Co.   11 October 1875

Summary

Has secured rights to Variation from Judd & Co.; had to pay $350 [dollars or pounds!?] for old plates and promise 50% discount on 150 copies of the new edition. Hopes Murray’s charge for plates of new edition will not exceed cost of doing the work in the U. S. Judd lost out considerably from small sale of his edition.

Author:  D. Appleton & Co
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Oct 1875
Classmark:  DAR 159: 96
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10189

Matches: 2 hits

  • … as hoped (see Correspondence vol. 17, letter from Orange Judd & Co. , 21 April 1869). …
  • … letter from Orange Judd & Co. , 21 April 1869). John Murray had provided stereotype plates …

To August Weismann   1 and 4 May 1875

Summary

Comments on AW’s work [Studien zur Descendenz-Theorie, vol. 1 (1875)].

On seasonal dimorphism in Lepidoptera in relation to sexual selection.

Discusses evolutionary reversion.

Comments on birds’ avoiding brightly coloured caterpillars. Offers references on subject.

Alpheus Hyatt says Franz Hilgendorf mistaken [about Planorbis multiformis].

Quotes from letter from J. J. Weir on birds’ rejection of brightly-coloured caterpillars.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leopold Friedrich August (August) Weismann
Date:  1 and 4 May 1875
Classmark:  DAR 148: 344
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9965

Matches: 7 hits

  • … in the Transactions of the Entomological Society of London ( Weir 1869  and Weir 1870 ). …
  • … 18: 20–35. Riley, Charles Valentine. 1869–77. Annual reports on the noxious, beneficial, …
  • … John Murray. 1875. Weir, John Jenner. 1869. On insects and insectivorous birds; and …
  • … and the edibility of Lepidoptera and their larvae. [Read 1 March 1869. ] Transactions …
  • … of the Entomological Society of London (1869): 21–6. Weir, John Jenner. 1870. Further …
  • … p.  426 in error; the references to the work of Weir ( Weir 1869  and Weir 1870 ) and …
  • … Charles Valentine Riley ( Riley 1869–77 , third report (1871)) are given in Descent 2d …

To F. F. Hallett   [19 or 20 May 1875]

Summary

Thanks FFH for his note and enclosure [see 9982]. Quotes from Le Couteur [On … wheat (1836)?] to justify statements made in Variation [1868].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frederic Francis Hallett
Date:  [19 or 20 May 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 97: C26
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9984

Matches: 4 hits

  • … about Hallett’s experiments on wheat in 1869, when Joseph Dalton Hooker visited Hallett ( …
  • … see Correspondence vol. 17, letter from J. D. Hooker, 5 August 1869 , letter to J. …
  • … D. Hooker, 7 August [1869] , and letter from J. …
  • … D. Hooker, 13 August 1869 ). …

To Herbert Spencer   13 November 1875

Summary

CD cannot remember whether he was on the committee of the Jamaica affair [for prosecution of Governor Eyre in 1866] but he subscribed £10.

It is curious and amusing how positivists hate all men of science, possibly because their prophet [Comte] made laughable and gigantic blunders in predicting the course of science.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Herbert Spencer
Date:  13 Nov 1875
Classmark:  University of London, Senate House Library (MS.791/111)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10258

Matches: 3 hits

  • … D. Hooker, 24 July [1869] ). On British positivism and the reception of Comte, see Kent …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1869. Spencer, Herbert. 1864–7. The principles of …
  • … Comte’s views on science (see T. H. Huxley 1869 and Correspondence vol. 17, letter to J. …

From G. J. Romanes   [before 26 December 1875]

Summary

Asks to borrow Ernst Haeckel’s Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte der Hydromedusen (1865) [and Zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Siphonophoren (1869)].

Has not been neglecting Pangenesis for Medusae.

Author:  George John Romanes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 26 Dec 1875]
Classmark:  E. D. Romanes 1896, p. 46
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10307

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Entwicklungsgeschichte der Siphonophoren (1869)]. Has not been neglecting Pangenesis for …
  • … history of siphonophores; Haeckel 1869), which he probably wanted while writing his …
  • … 1876–7 ). CD’s annotated copy of Haeckel 1869 is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia …

From R. F. Cooke   26 May 1875

Summary

A set of electros of the woodcuts to Variation was sent to an Italian publisher in 1869, but no reply or payment has been made since then.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 May 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 453
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9995

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Variation was sent to an Italian publisher in 1869, but no reply or payment has been made …
  • … W. May 26 187 5 My dear Sir In January 1869 we had taken a set of Electros of the woodcuts …

To J. V. Carus   25 December 1875

Summary

Thanks for errata in Insectivorous plants.

Sends spare copies of his papers, but thinks several are not worth publishing.

Has only one copy, which he will lend JVC, of the best one, on "Erratic boulders of South America" [Collected papers 1: 145–63].

Has not sent "Parallel roads of Glen Roy" [Collected papers 1: 87–137], as he is sure he was wrong.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  25 Dec 1875
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 137–138)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10323

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Linnean Society of London ( Botany ) 10 (1869): 393–437. Insectivorous plants 2d ed. By …
  • … Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Nicol, James. 1869. On the origin of the parallel …
  • … roads of Glen Roy. [Read 12 May 1869. ] Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of …
  • … see Rogers 1861 , Watson 1866 , and Nicol 1869 ). CD intended to include revised versions …

From J. H. Gilbert   24 July 1875

Summary

Thiselton-Dyer has asked on CD’s behalf for results of experiments at Rothamsted on herbage of permanent meadow land. Sends report and tables of botanical analysis.

Author:  Joseph Henry Gilbert
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 July 1875
Classmark:  DAR 165: 42
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10090

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the experimental station at Rothamsted in 1869 (see Correspondence vol.  17, letter from …
  • … J.  H.  Gilbert, 3 June [1869]). CD’s annotated copy of Lawes and Gilbert 1859 is in the …

From R. F. Cooke   8 October 1875

Summary

Canestrini still owes £10 from 1869 for electros of 1st edition [of Variation].

RC has urged Clowes on with printing of Variation [2d ed.],

but with Climbing plants [2d ed.] ready, it need not be done before the annual sale.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Oct 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 471
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10187

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Canestrini still owes £10 from 1869 for electros of 1st edition [of Variation ]. RC has …
  • … still £10 for the Electro’s supplied in 1869 for the 1 st .  edition of “Domestication” & …

From J. D. Hooker   14 January 1875

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Summary

Is on the eve of another row with the Office of Works about his application for assistance.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Jan 1875
Classmark:  DAR 104: 6–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9815

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the Metaphysical Society, which Huxley joined in 1869 (see A.  W.  Brown 1947 , p.  25). …
  • … Society; Victorian minds in crisis, 1869–1880. New York: Columbia University Press. …

From Federico Delpino   8 April 1875

Summary

Sends last part of his book [Ulteriori observazioni sulla dicogamia (1868–74)] [osservazioni!?] and describes contents.

Author:  Federico Delpino
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Apr 1875
Classmark:  DAR 162: 152
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9919

Matches: 3 hits

  • … subject, see Correspondence vol.  17, letters from Federico Delpino, 9  October 1869 and …
  • … 1 November 1869. Coryanthes is the genus of bucket orchids. See Delpino 1868–75 , p. 149 …
  • … Naturali Milano 11 (1868): 265–352; 12 (1869): 179–233; 13 (1870): 167–205; 17 (1874): …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   21 July 1875

Summary

Would be obliged for correction of references in Variation [1st ed.].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  21 July 1875
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 25–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10084

Matches: 2 hits

  • … s papers in ‘Fertilization of orchids’ (1869), p.  153, noting his previous error in …
  • … and Magazine of Natural History 4th ser. 4 (1869): 141–59. [ Collected papers 2: 138–56. ] …

To C. V. Riley   25 June [1875]

Summary

Is staying at a friend’s [T. H. Farrer’s] house for rest until after 6 July, so cannot see CVR at Down.

Hopes he thanked CVR for the last Report [one of CVR’s Annual reports on the noxious, beneficial and other insects of the State of Missouri (1868–76)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Valentine Riley
Date:  25 June [1875]
Classmark:  Empire Autograph Auctions (dealers) (1 January 2008)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10030F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … on noxious insects of Missouri ( Riley 1869–77 , seventh report (1875)); Riley was state …
  • … Bibliography Riley, Charles Valentine. 1869–77. Annual reports on the noxious, beneficial, …

From R. F. Cooke   21 April 1875

Summary

V. O. Kovalevsky has paid for the Expression plates.

Still has 400 copies of Chauncey Wright’s pamphlet

and 450 of Müller’s Facts and arguments for Darwin.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Apr 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 448
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9944

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and arguments for Darwin (Dallas trans.  1869; see Correspondence vol.  17, letter to R.   …
  • … F.  Cooke 23 [February 1869]). …

To A. G. Butler   23 August 1875

Summary

Sends a moth from Queensland, Australia. The sender says a large number have been caught with proboscises embedded in oranges. CD interested as having a bearing on his Orchis work. Can AGB name the family and any closely allied English genus? The proboscis seems an extraordinary structure [see F. Darwin, "On the structure of the proboscis of Ophideres fullonica", Q. J. Microsc. Sci. n.s. 15 (1875): 384–9].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Arthur Gardiner Butler
Date:  23 Aug 1875
Classmark:  Royal Entomological Society (28/3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10133

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to an account in the Queensland Times (6 April 1869, p. 3), Thozet’s discovery was …
  • … and Central Queensland Advertiser in April 1869; no copy of the original report has been …

To J. B. Innes   10 May [1875]

Summary

On colour changes in rabbits. Suspects JBI’s is of impure origin.

Is correcting proof of Insectivorous plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Brodie Innes
Date:  10 May [1875]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9975

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Young, lord advocate of Scotland from 1869 to 1874, had established a national system of …
  • … of Down from 1847 and vicar from 1868 to 1869, but from 1862 he had lived in Scotland …
Document type
letter (41)
Date
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05 (10)
06 (1)
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Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition …
  • … that is something’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [22 January 1869] ). Much of the remainder of …
  • … to be the case’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 January 1869 ). Hooker went straight to a crucial …
  • … probable’ (see also letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 January [1869] , and letter from A. R. Wallace, …
  • … in distribution’ ( letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] ). Darwin had argued ( Origin , pp. …
  • … formation’ ( letter to James Croll,  31 January [1869] ). Croll could not supply Darwin with an …
  • … have got that yet’ ( letter from James Croll, 4 February 1869 ).  Darwin did not directly …
  • … towards [Thomson]’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 19 March [1869] ). Towards Descent …
  • … ‘everlasting old Origin’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 1 June [1869] ), he was able to return to work on  …
  • … ( letter from Robert Elliot to George Cupples, 21 June 1869 ).  Details on mating behaviour …
  • … in the garden ( letter from Frederick Smith, 8 October 1869 ). Albert Günther, assistant in the …
  • … varieties ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 25 February [1869] ). The data contined to …
  • … cocks & hens.—’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 November [1869] ). Yet completion of the work was …
  • … for  Descent . Researching emotion In 1869, Darwin still expected that  Descent …
  • … hatred—’ ( from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May [1869] ). James Crichton-Browne and …
  • … ( enclosure to letter from Henry Maudsley, 20 May 1869 ). Darwin had often complained of the …
  • … in regard to Man’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ).  More remarkable still were Wallace …
  • … seem to you like some mental hallucination’ ( 18 April 1869 ). Since his marriage to Annie …
  • …  (Wallace 1869a; letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 March [1869] ), and scolded him for again being too …
  • … demands justice’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). Proceeding on all fronts …
  • … South American cordillera ( letter to Charles Lyell, 20 May 1869 ), and fossil discoveries in …
  • … investigated in depth ( letter from C. F. Claus, 6 February 1869 ). In a letter to the  Gardeners …
  • … of the soil ( letter to  Gardeners’ Chronicle , 9 May [1869] ). In March, Darwin received …
  • … in the early 1860s ( letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 ). This research contributed to  …
  • … editions ( see letter from Victor Masson, 29 September 1869 ). The work had been undertaken, like …
  • … Animals”’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 19 November [1869] ). Angered by these proceedings, Darwin …
  • … of Fritz Müller’s  Für Darwin  (Dallas trans. 1869). The book, an explication of Darwinian …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Crichton-Browne, James 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 19 May 1869 West Riding …
  • … Gray, Asa 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Jane 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Asa 8 & 9 May 1869 Florence, Italy (about …
  • … King, P.G. 25 Feb 1869 Sydney, Australia …
  • … Maudsley, Henry 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 17 Jan 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 28 June [1869] Sierra Leone, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 26 Dec 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Scott, John 2 July 1869 Royal Botanic Gardens, …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 6736 - Gray, A. & J. L to Darwin, [8 & 9 May 1869] Jane Loring Gray, …
  • … Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … Letter 6815 - Scott, J. to Darwin, [2 July 1869] John Scott responds to Darwin’s …
  • …  - Darwin to  Gunther, A. C. L. G., [21 September 1869] Darwin asks Gunther for “a great …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … (letter from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May 1869 ) Darwin cited Gray’s …
  • … their year long trip to Europe and North Africa in 1868 to 1869, the Grays visited Charles and Emma …
  • … 1868, and visiting again on their return journey in August 1869. Although they never met again, the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Becker tells Darwin that …
  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. L. B., [8 November, 1869] Darwin writes to feminist …
  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Suffragist and …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work on human expression. Donders visited Darwin in 1869 , and a year later Darwin consoled him …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … comprised two halves kept at different temperatures, and in 1869 Darwin told the botanist William …
  • … temperatures’ (letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March [1869] ,  Calendar  no. 6661). …

Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … vol. 17, letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). His views were presented more fully in a …
  • … comparative anatomist through his work on primates. In July 1869, Mivart published the first of a …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. B., [8 November 1869] Darwin thanks Antoinette …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … " Letter 6728 : from Charles Lyell, 5 May 1869 "I feel that …
  • … Letter 6866 : From Federico Delpino, 22 August 1869 "Perhaps because of intellectual …

John Beddoe

Summary

In 1869, when gathering data on sexual selection in humans, Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with John Beddoe, a doctor in Bristol. He was looking for evidence that racial differences that appear to have no benefit in terms of survival - and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1869 Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with a John Beddoe, a doctor in …

Suggested reading

Summary

  Contemporary writing Anon., The English matron: A practical manual for young wives, (London, 1846). Anon., The English gentlewoman: A practical manual for young ladies on their entrance to society, (Third edition, London, 1846). Becker, L. E.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … A. L. B.,  Studies in general science , (New York, 1869). Buckley, A.,  The fairy-land …
  • … M.,  On molecular and microscopic science ,  (London, 1869). Treat, M., ‘ Is the valve …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … himself an injustice & never demands justice” (14 April 1869). But Wallace continued, both …
  • … about the application of natural selection to ‘man’ in 1869, and looked instead to a ‘higher …
  • … investigation (see letter from A. R. Wallace, 18 April [1869]). Wallace’s views on man were also …
  • … the “great General” (letter to Charles Kingsley, 7 May 1869). In later years when Darwin reflected …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … was later expanded into the book, Hereditary Genius (1869), which contained an entry on the …

6248A_20488

Summary

From Fritz Müllerf1   17 June 1868Itajahy, Sa. Catharina, Brazil,17. Juni 1868. .... . Sie werden schon aus meinem letzten Briefe ersehen haben, dass es mir sehr schmeichelhaft ist, wenn Sie meine…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … The figure and page references are to W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f15 Podophthalma: …
  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … text Möller 1915–21, 2: 141–3; W. S. Dallas trans. 1869, pp. 119–21 n. Physcial description …

6248A_20488A

Summary

From Fritz Müllerf1   17 June 1868Itajahy, Sa. Catharina, Brazil,17. Juni 1868. .... . Sie werden schon aus meinem letzten Briefe ersehen haben, dass es mir sehr schmeichelhaft ist, wenn Sie meine…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … The figure and page references are to W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f15 Podophthalma: …
  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … text Möller 1915–21, 2: 141–3; W. S. Dallas trans. 1869, pp. 119–21 n. Physcial description …

6430_10256

Summary

From Sven Nilsson to J. D. Hookerf1   25 October 1868Lund (Suède)25 Okt. 1868.Monsieur le Professeur! J’ai écrit à deux de mes amis qui ont des connaissances personnelles à la Lapponie, pour avoir les…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …
  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down …

About the project

Summary

On this site you can read and search the full texts of more than 7,500 of Charles Darwin’s letters, and find information on 7,500 more. Available here are complete transcripts of all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are being added all the time. …

Family life

Summary

From the long letters exchanged with his sisters during the Beagle voyage, through correspondence about his marriage to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, the births—and deaths—of their children, to the  contributions of his sons and daughters  to his scientific…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … From the long letters exchanged with his sisters during the  Beagle  voyage, through …
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