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From Gilbert William Child   26 January [1870]

Summary

Sends 2d ed. of his Essays on physiological subjects (1869).

Author:  Gilbert William Child
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Jan [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 161: 141
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6579

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Sends 2d ed. of his Essays on physiological subjects (1869). …
  • … Bibliography Child, Gilbert William. 1869. Essays on physiological subjects. 2d edition. …
  • … The year is established by the reference to Child 1869 (see n.  2, below). …
  • … Child refers to the second edition of Essays on physiological subjects ( Child 1869 ). …
  • … The book was published in November 1869 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 15 November 1869, p.  747). The first edition had …
  • … Child 1868). There are two copies of Child 1869  in the Darwin Library–Down and one of …
  • … Child 1868. The fourth essay in Child 1869  had the title ‘Some aspects of the theory of …

From Fritz Müller   29 March 1870

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Summary

His observations on mimicry in butterflies

and self-sterility in plants.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Mar 1870
Classmark:  DAR 76: B36
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7150

Matches: 11 hits

  • … to letter to Fritz Müller, 1 December [1869] . See Correspondence vol.  16, letters from …
  • … October 1868, and Correspondence vol.  17, letters from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869 and …
  • … 18 October 1869. Müller refers to Alexander Agassiz (see also Correspondence …
  • … vol.  17, letter to Fritz Müller, 1 December [1869] ). A.  Agassiz 1864 . …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  17, letter from Fritz Müller, 18 December 1869 . …
  • … the letter to Fritz Müller, 1 December [1869] ( Correspondence vol.  17). Müller had six …
  • … issue of the Academy , dated 9 October 1869, contained a review of the English translation …
  • … of Müller’s Für Darwin (Dallas trans.  1869; Academy …
  • … 1 (1869–70): 14–15). Müller also refers to Wallace 1869c ( …
  • … vol.  17, letter to Fritz Müller, 1 December [1869] ). See Wallace 1869a, 1: 199–207. See …
  • … 1868 from your seeds and which only flowered 1869. — The other plants from the same seeds, …

From E. C. Rye   29 June 1870

Summary

Draws CD’s attention to a paper in American Naturalist [3 (1869): 109] describing honey-bees killed by entanglement in pollen-masses of Asclepias.

Author:  Edward Caldwell Rye
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 June 1870
Classmark:  DAR 176: 229
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7252

Matches: 6 hits

  • … mentioned the reports in American Naturalist in Zoological Record 6 (1869): 130. Further …
  • … observations were made in American Naturalist 3 (1869): 388–9. …
  • … to a paper in American Naturalist [3 (1869): 109] describing honey-bees killed by …
  • … not been found. In American Naturalist 3 (1869): 109, a correspondent described how honey- …
  • … from The American Naturalist, Vol. III, 1869, p.  109—in which the causes of death
  • … across it in working up the matter for 1869 “Zo ological Record”. Yours truly | E.  C.   …

From Edward Caldwell Rye   14 February 1870

Summary

Draws CD’s attention to a paper by Maurice Girard containing observations on the fertilisation of Orchidaceae by two species of Longicornia [Ann. Soc. Entomol. France 9 (1869): xxxi–xxxii].

Author:  Edward Caldwell Rye
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Feb 1870
Classmark:  DAR 176: 228
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7106

Matches: 6 hits

  • … by two species of Longicornia [ Ann. Soc. Entomol. France 9 (1869): xxxi–xxxii]. …
  • … Société Entomologique de France 4th ser.  9 (1869): xxxi–xxxii) in Orchids 2d ed. , p.   …
  • … and Magazine of Natural History 4th ser. 4 (1869): 141–59. [ Collected papers 2: 138–56. ] …
  • … in Ann. & Mag.  of Nat. Hist. , Sep.  1869 (which I have just carefully re-perused …
  • … for the Coleoptera of Zoological Record, 1869, now in my hands), I find no specification …
  • … in the Annales d.  l. Soc. Entom. de France, 1869, Bulletin, p.  xxxi, of certain …

From Charles Edward Cutts Birchall Appleton   2 March [1870]

Summary

CD was good enough to send notice of his new book [Descent] for the first number of the Academy; asks for further contributions and suggestions.

Author:  Charles Edward Cutts Birchall Appleton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Mar [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 159: 78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7125

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Alfred Russel Wallace’s review of Murphy 1869 (Wallace 1869d) in his letter to A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 5 December [1869] ( Correspondence vol.  17). …
  • … John Murray. 1871. Murphy, Joseph John. 1869. Habit and intelligence in their connexion …
  • … of Descent in the Academy , 9 October 1869, and by the relationship between this letter …
  • … Appleton, 18 May [1870] . See Academy 1 (1869–70): 15–16. The notice appeared under the …
  • … the laws of matter and force ( Murphy 1869 ). This book was not reviewed in the Academy. …

To Jean Jacques Moulinié   18 August 1870

Summary

Under present circumstances [Franco-Prussian War] gives up French translation of Descent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jean Jacques Moulinié
Date:  18 Aug 1870
Classmark:  Bibliothèque de Genève (Ms. suppl. 66, ff. 16–17)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7304

Matches: 7 hits

  • … J.  Moulinié, 23 October [1869] ). CD had asked Moulinié to undertake a new translation of …
  • … vol.  17, letter to J.  J.  Moulinié, 23 October [1869] , and letter from J.   …
  • … J.  Moulinié, 5 November 1869 ). See letter to Mr Dorrell, 9 August 1870 and n.  2. …
  • … about a French translation of Descent in 1869; it was published in 1872 (Moulinié trans.   …
  • … 1872; see Correspondence vol.  17, letters from J.  J.  Moulinié, 20 October 1869 and …
  • … 5 November 1869, and letter to J.   …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1869. Origin 6th ed. : The origin of species by …

To James Crichton-Browne   31 January [1870]

Summary

Asks JC-B to return copy of Duchenne [Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine (1862)] and sends some notes "as your former notes were of such extreme interest to me".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  31 Jan [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 329
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7089

Matches: 5 hits

  • … the letter to James Crichton-Browne, 8 June 1869 ( Correspondence vol.  17). CD had lent …
  • … vol.  17, letter to James Crichton-Browne, 8 June 1869  and n.  9). For Crichton-Browne’ …
  • … notes, see ibid. , letter from Henry Maudsley, 20 May 1869 , enclosure 2, and letter from …
  • … James Crichton-Browne, 1 June 1869 . Crichton-Browne …
  • … had not written to CD since June 1869 owing to illness (see letter from James Crichton- …

To Armand de Quatrefages   28 May [1870]

Summary

Comments on QdeB’s volume [Charles Darwin et ses précurseurs Français (1870)]. Mentions error concerning his views on Parus and nuthatch.

Discusses Canis magellanicus.

Discusses reception of his views in France and Germany.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jean Louis Armand (Armand de Quatrefages) Quatrefages de Bréau
Date:  28 May [1870]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.379)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7204

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 17, letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 29 March 1869  and n.  2). …
  • … animales et végétales. Revue des deux mondes 2d ser. 78 (1868): 832–60; 79 (1869): 208– …
  • … 40; 80 (1869): 64–95, 397–432, 638–72. Quatrefages, Armand de. 1870. Charles Darwin et ses …
  • … of articles that Quatrefages had sent in 1869; CD’s annotated copy of an offprint of the …
  • … Descent. George Howard Darwin had visited Paris in March 1869 (see Correspondence vol.   …

To Tord Tamerlan Teodor Thorell   20 April 1870

Summary

Thanks TTTT for his study of European spiders [On European spiders Part 1 (1869–70)] which bases its classification system on the theory of evolution.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Tord Tamerlau Teodor Thorell
Date:  20 Apr 1870
Classmark:  Sotheby’s, New York (dealers) (1997)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7168A

Matches: 5 hits

  • … spiders [ On European spiders Part 1 (1869–70)] which bases its classification system on …
  • … copy of Thorell’s On European spiders ( Thorell 1869–70 ) in the Darwin Library–CUL (see …
  • … Marginalia 1: 806). CD cited Thorell 1869–70  in Descent 1: 315 n.   …
  • … 71. In Thorell 1869–70 , p.  42 n.  1, Thorell wrote, ‘I believe with darwin , “that …
  • … Murray. 1866. Thorell, Tord Tamerlan Teodor. 1869–70. On European spiders. Part I, Review …

From Alexander Onufrievich Kovalevsky   25 September 1870

Summary

Outlines the evidence for his view that ascidian larvae are true vertebrates presented in his paper ["Weitere Studien über die Entwicklung der einfachen Ascidien", Arch. Mikrosk. Anat. 7 (1871): 101–302]. CD can cite this as confirmation of AOK’s earlier claims.

Author:  Alexander Onufrievich Kovalevsky
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Sept 1870
Classmark:  DAR 169: 52
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7326

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Murray. 1871. Kovalevsky, Alexander Onufrievich. 1869. Embryologische Studien an Würmern …
  • … und Arthropoden. [Read 18 November 1869. ] Mémoires de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences …
  • … Bibliography Claparède, Edouard. 1869. Histologische Untersuchungen über den Regenwurm ( …
  • … ou Decembre. — Pendant l’anné passé (1869) j’ai étudié l’embryologie des annelides et je …
  • … of November or December. — In the last year (1869) I have studied annelid embryology and I …
  • … is to Edouard Claparède and Claparède 1869 . Claparède noted the similarity between the …
  • … myelin sheath of vertebrates ( Claparède 1869 , p.  590). ‘Darmdrüsenblatt’: gut-gland- …
  • … and arthropods ( A.  O.  Kovalevsky 1869 ). It appeared in the 1871 volume of Mémoires de …

From Alfred Newton   11 February 1870

Summary

Is glad to hear that CD is pleased with AN’s notice of his work on pigeons.

He will not soon forget the pleasure of his visit to Down.

Author:  Alfred Newton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Feb 1870
Classmark:  DAR 172: 48
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7103

Matches: 5 hits

  • … the paper. Newton refers to [Tait] 1869 , and to William Thomson; see also Correspondence …
  • … 17, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 July [1869] . Emma, Henrietta Emma, and Elizabeth Darwin. …
  • … University Press. 1985–. M’Cann, James. 1869. Anti-Darwinism. With Professor Huxley’s …
  • … Latin). James M’Cann’s pamphlet ( M’Cann 1869 ) was the published version of a paper he …
  • … the Advancement of Science in Exeter in 1869. It included as its final section ‘Professor …

From J. D. Hooker   [7 March 1870]

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Summary

Does not give much for botanical results of Round Island, but the zoology is wonderful.

Lyell’s new book [The student’s elements of geology (1870)]. Urges Lyell to make it Elementary principles.

Grove is disgusted with CD for being disquieted by William Thomson: "Take another dose of Huxley’s penultimate address to Geol. Soc." [Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 25 (1869): 28–53].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [7 Mar 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 42–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6646

Matches: 6 hits

  • … of Huxley’s penultimate address to Geol. Soc." [ Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 25 (1869): 28–53]. …
  • … and Norwich Naturalists’ Society, delivered on 27 April 1869 ( Transactions of the Norfolk …
  • … and Norwich Naturalists’ Society 1 (1869–70): 13–18). John Gunn, Hooker’s uncle by …
  • … Island (near Mauritius) dated 17 November 1869 and 13 January 1870 (Archives of the Royal …
  • … 17, letter from Charles Lyell, 2 November 1869 . For Hooker’s objection to CD’s suggestion …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9 November 1856 . In his 1869 address to the Geological Society of London ( …

From Edward Livingston Youmans   25 September 1870

Summary

Concerning an American edition of Descent by Appleton’s.

Author:  Edward Livingston Youmans
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Sept 1870
Classmark:  DAR 183: 2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7324

Matches: 5 hits

  • … was published in Philadelphia by Lippincott in 1869; D.  Appleton & Co.  also published an …
  • … London: John Murray. 1871. Galton, Francis. 1869. Hereditary genius: an inquiry into its …
  • … into its laws and consequences ( Galton 1869 ) was published by D.  Appleton & Co.  in …
  • … Science 33: 187–207. Mill, John Stuart. 1869. The subjection of women. London: Longmans, …
  • … of women was published by Longmans, Green, Reader and Dyer ( Mill 1869 ). An American …

From Louis Rérolle   15 June 1870

Summary

French translation of Orchids is published.

Author:  Louis Rérolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 June 1870
Classmark:  DAR 176: 132
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7234

Matches: 4 hits

  • … from Rérolle, see Correspondence vol.  17, letters from Louis Rérolle, 17 March 1869, 10  …
  • … May 1869, and …
  • … 30 July 1869. Rérolle also refers to Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald. Rérolle had expected the …
  • … 17, letter from Louis Rérolle, 30 July 1869 ). Origin had been translated by Clémence …

To T. H. Farrer   28 May [1870]

Summary

Fertilisation of barberries.

Passiflora.

Is continuing his experiments on the comparative growth of crossed and self-fertilised plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  28 May [1870]
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (LS Ms 299/14)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7205

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Bibliography Axell, Severin. 1869. Om anordningarna för de fanerogama växternas …
  • … House was sometime shortly before 9 October 1869 (see Correspondence vol.  17, letter from …
  • … T.  H.  Farrer, 9 October 1869  and n.  6). Hedaroma is now subsumed within Darwinia , a …
  • … on Johan Severin Axell’s monograph, Axell 1869 (see letter from Federico Delpino, 20 May  …
  • … letter to Federico Delpino, 14 October 1869  and n.  8). CD also refers to George Howard …

From John Dean Caton   17 November 1870

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Summary

Observations on winter colour of coats of male and female elk,

spots on deer,

and tuft of hair on breasts of wild female turkeys.

Author:  John Dean Caton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Nov 1870
Classmark:  DAR 83: 172–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7375

Matches: 6 hits

  • … also letter from J.  D.  Caton, 5 May 1869 ( Correspondence vol.  17). See Correspondence …
  • … vol.  17, letter from J.  D.  Caton, 5 May 1869 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Caton, 24 May 1869  and n.  3. The references are to John James Audubon, and Audubon  …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  17, letter to J.  D.  Caton, 20 March 1869, and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Caton, 5 May 1869 . See Caton 1877a, pp.  136 and 144–6; CD cited Caton for this …
  • … me of my former error I have during 1869 & ’70 added to my collection live specimens both …

From Asa Gray   14 February 1870

Summary

Louis Agassiz’s ill health means AG will not get an answer to CD’s query from him. Suggests CD ask Agassiz’s son, Alexander.

Has no details about the origin of the cat-like behaviour of his dog.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Feb 1870
Classmark:  DAR 165: 173
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7105

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Agassiz visited Down on or shortly before 1 December 1869 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 17, letter to Fritz Müller, 1 December [1869] ). …
  • … after giving an address on 14 September 1869 and was ill for ten months ( Marcou 1896 , …
  • … 17, letter from Charles Layton, 23 December 1869 ). The head of the firm was William Henry …

From T. H. Farrer   29 June 1870

Summary

Has procured a Passiflora flower at last. Structure suited for humming-birds rather than bees.

Author:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 June 1870
Classmark:  DAR 164: 65
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7254

Matches: 4 hits

  • … the pollination mechanism of Passiflora princeps in October 1869; Farrer had obtained an …
  • … imperfect specimen in November 1869 (see Correspondence vol.  17, letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Farrer, 20 October [1869] , and letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Farrer, 5 November 1869 ). Passiflora princeps is now P.  racemosa , the red …

To Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden   2 May [1870]

Summary

Thanks for copies of FVH’s "Preliminary field report [of the U. S. Geological Survey] of Colorado and New Mexico" [Am. J. Sci. 49 (1870): 258–63] and Geological report [of the exploration] of the Yellowstone [and Missouri] River[s under the direction of Captain W. F. Reynolds (1869)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden
Date:  2 May [1870]
Classmark:  Smithsonian Libraries (Dibner Library of the History of Science and Technology)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7178

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and Missouri ] River[s under the direction of Captain W. F. Reynolds (1869)]. …
  • … mentioned (see n.  2, below). From April 1869 until May 1871, CD used stationery with ‘ …
  • … has not been found. Hayden 1869b was submitted on 15 October 1869 (Hayden 1869b, p.  3). …

To Joseph Dalton Hooker   21 February [1870]

Summary

Has read the notes on Rond [Round] Island which he owes to JDH. What an enigma its flora and fauna present, especially the problem of monocotyledons! Asks JDH’s opinion.

A new book on St Helena confirms CD’s observations.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 Feb [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 164–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7115

Matches: 4 hits

  • … St Helena , by John Ryder Oliver ( Oliver 1869 ); the review has not been identified. CD …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Oliver, John R. 1869. The geology of St Helena. St Helena: …
  • … and Sciences of Mauritius on 30 December 1869 and published in the Mauritius almanac and …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker to Emma Darwin, 29 March 1869 . The Darwins stayed with Erasmus Alvey …
Document type
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Date
1870
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02 (22)
03 (21)
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05 (12)
06 (13)
07 (9)
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Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition …
  • … that is something’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [22 January 1869] ). Much of the remainder of …
  • … to be the case’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 January 1869 ). Hooker went straight to a crucial …
  • … probable’ (see also letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 January [1869] , and letter from A. R. Wallace, …
  • … in distribution’ ( letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] ). Darwin had argued ( Origin , pp. …
  • … formation’ ( letter to James Croll,  31 January [1869] ). Croll could not supply Darwin with an …
  • … have got that yet’ ( letter from James Croll, 4 February 1869 ).  Darwin did not directly …
  • … towards [Thomson]’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 19 March [1869] ). Towards Descent …
  • … ‘everlasting old Origin’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 1 June [1869] ), he was able to return to work on  …
  • … ( letter from Robert Elliot to George Cupples, 21 June 1869 ).  Details on mating behaviour …
  • … in the garden ( letter from Frederick Smith, 8 October 1869 ). Albert Günther, assistant in the …
  • … varieties ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 25 February [1869] ). The data contined to …
  • … cocks & hens.—’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 November [1869] ). Yet completion of the work was …
  • … for  Descent . Researching emotion In 1869, Darwin still expected that  Descent …
  • … hatred—’ ( from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May [1869] ). James Crichton-Browne and …
  • … ( enclosure to letter from Henry Maudsley, 20 May 1869 ). Darwin had often complained of the …
  • … in regard to Man’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ).  More remarkable still were Wallace …
  • … seem to you like some mental hallucination’ ( 18 April 1869 ). Since his marriage to Annie …
  • …  (Wallace 1869a; letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 March [1869] ), and scolded him for again being too …
  • … demands justice’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). Proceeding on all fronts …
  • … South American cordillera ( letter to Charles Lyell, 20 May 1869 ), and fossil discoveries in …
  • … investigated in depth ( letter from C. F. Claus, 6 February 1869 ). In a letter to the  Gardeners …
  • … of the soil ( letter to  Gardeners’ Chronicle , 9 May [1869] ). In March, Darwin received …
  • … in the early 1860s ( letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 ). This research contributed to  …
  • … editions ( see letter from Victor Masson, 29 September 1869 ). The work had been undertaken, like …
  • … Animals”’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 19 November [1869] ). Angered by these proceedings, Darwin …
  • … of Fritz Müller’s  Für Darwin  (Dallas trans. 1869). The book, an explication of Darwinian …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Crichton-Browne, James 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 19 May 1869 West Riding …
  • … Gray, Asa 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Jane 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Asa 8 & 9 May 1869 Florence, Italy (about …
  • … King, P.G. 25 Feb 1869 Sydney, Australia …
  • … Maudsley, Henry 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 17 Jan 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 28 June [1869] Sierra Leone, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 26 Dec 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Scott, John 2 July 1869 Royal Botanic Gardens, …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 6736 - Gray, A. & J. L to Darwin, [8 & 9 May 1869] Jane Loring Gray, …
  • … Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … Letter 6815 - Scott, J. to Darwin, [2 July 1869] John Scott responds to Darwin’s …
  • …  - Darwin to  Gunther, A. C. L. G., [21 September 1869] Darwin asks Gunther for “a great …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … (letter from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May 1869 ) Darwin cited Gray’s …
  • … their year long trip to Europe and North Africa in 1868 to 1869, the Grays visited Charles and Emma …
  • … 1868, and visiting again on their return journey in August 1869. Although they never met again, the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Becker tells Darwin that …
  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. L. B., [8 November, 1869] Darwin writes to feminist …
  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Suffragist and …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work on human expression. Donders visited Darwin in 1869 , and a year later Darwin consoled him …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … comprised two halves kept at different temperatures, and in 1869 Darwin told the botanist William …
  • … temperatures’ (letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March [1869] ,  Calendar  no. 6661). …

Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … vol. 17, letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). His views were presented more fully in a …
  • … comparative anatomist through his work on primates. In July 1869, Mivart published the first of a …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. B., [8 November 1869] Darwin thanks Antoinette …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … " Letter 6728 : from Charles Lyell, 5 May 1869 "I feel that …
  • … Letter 6866 : From Federico Delpino, 22 August 1869 "Perhaps because of intellectual …

John Beddoe

Summary

In 1869, when gathering data on sexual selection in humans, Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with John Beddoe, a doctor in Bristol. He was looking for evidence that racial differences that appear to have no benefit in terms of survival - and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1869 Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with a John Beddoe, a doctor in …

Suggested reading

Summary

  Contemporary writing Anon., The English matron: A practical manual for young wives, (London, 1846). Anon., The English gentlewoman: A practical manual for young ladies on their entrance to society, (Third edition, London, 1846). Becker, L. E.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … A. L. B.,  Studies in general science , (New York, 1869). Buckley, A.,  The fairy-land …
  • … M.,  On molecular and microscopic science ,  (London, 1869). Treat, M., ‘ Is the valve …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … himself an injustice & never demands justice” (14 April 1869). But Wallace continued, both …
  • … about the application of natural selection to ‘man’ in 1869, and looked instead to a ‘higher …
  • … investigation (see letter from A. R. Wallace, 18 April [1869]). Wallace’s views on man were also …
  • … the “great General” (letter to Charles Kingsley, 7 May 1869). In later years when Darwin reflected …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … was later expanded into the book, Hereditary Genius (1869), which contained an entry on the …

6248A_20488

Summary

From Fritz Müllerf1   17 June 1868Itajahy, Sa. Catharina, Brazil,17. Juni 1868. .... . Sie werden schon aus meinem letzten Briefe ersehen haben, dass es mir sehr schmeichelhaft ist, wenn Sie meine…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … The figure and page references are to W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f15 Podophthalma: …
  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … text Möller 1915–21, 2: 141–3; W. S. Dallas trans. 1869, pp. 119–21 n. Physcial description …

6248A_20488A

Summary

From Fritz Müllerf1   17 June 1868Itajahy, Sa. Catharina, Brazil,17. Juni 1868. .... . Sie werden schon aus meinem letzten Briefe ersehen haben, dass es mir sehr schmeichelhaft ist, wenn Sie meine…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … The figure and page references are to W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f15 Podophthalma: …
  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … text Möller 1915–21, 2: 141–3; W. S. Dallas trans. 1869, pp. 119–21 n. Physcial description …

6430_10256

Summary

From Sven Nilsson to J. D. Hookerf1   25 October 1868Lund (Suède)25 Okt. 1868.Monsieur le Professeur! J’ai écrit à deux de mes amis qui ont des connaissances personnelles à la Lapponie, pour avoir les…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …
  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …

Family life

Summary

From the long letters exchanged with his sisters during the Beagle voyage, through correspondence about his marriage to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, the births—and deaths—of their children, to the  contributions of his sons and daughters  to his scientific…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … From the long letters exchanged with his sisters during the  Beagle  voyage, through …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down …

About the project

Summary

On this site you can read and search the full texts of more than 7,500 of Charles Darwin’s letters, and find information on 7,500 more. Available here are complete transcripts of all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are being added all the time. …
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