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To A. R. Wallace   21 October 1869

Summary

Anticipates that all their differences are fated to find expression in projected book on man.

Offers his early MS with useful references related to the distribution of animals. Hopes ARW’s book will not be "little".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  21 Oct 1869
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434: 189–90); Linnean Society of London (Quentin Keynes Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6951

Matches: 23 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   21 October 1869
  • … Quentin Keynes Collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Oct 1869 Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … vol. 17, letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 20 October 1869  and n.  1. See Correspondence vol. …
  • … letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 20 October 1869 . Wallace reviewed John Joseph Murphy’s Habit …
  • … besides the giraffe ought to have developed longer necks ( [Mivart] 1869 , p. 43). …
  • … University Press. 1975. Randau, R. 1869. Un naturaliste dans l’Archipel Malais. [Review of …
  • … ser. 83: 675–706. Saporta, Gaston de. 1869. L’école transformiste et ses dernièrs travaux. …
  • … Down. | Beckenham | Kent. S.E. Oct.  21. 1869 My dear Wallace I forwarded your letter at …
  • … to his stay in Wales during June and July 1869 (see Correspondence vol. 17, Appendix II). …
  • … CD was in London from 1 to 9 November 1869 (see Correspondence vol. 17, …
  • … Appendix II). See [Mivart] 1869 , p.  49. Thylacinus is a genus of marsupials that had one …
  • … 1: 336–432. [Mivart, St George Jackson. ] 1869. Difficulties of the theory of natural …
  • … 53, 134–53, 274–89. Murphy, Joseph John. 1869. Habit and intelligence in their connexion …
  • … and intelligence ( J. J. Murphy 1869 ) in Nature , 25 …
  • … November and 2 December 1869 (Wallace 1869b). CD refers to an …
  • … theory of natural selection’ ( [Mivart] 1869 ) by St George Jackson Mivart, published in …
  • … vol. 17, letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 20 October 1869  and n.  4). The author argued that …
  • … explained by natural selection (see [Mivart] 1869 , p.  47). The passage is scored in CD’s …
  • … letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 20 October 1869  and n.  2. CD refers to Descent. For more on …
  • … CD refers to two articles published in the 1 October 1869 issue of Revue des deux mondes , …
  • … one a review of Wallace 1869a ( Randau 1869 ) and the other a review by Gaston …
  • … of three works, including Variation ( Saporta 1869 ). See Correspondence vol. 17, letter …
  • … from A.  R.  Wallace, 20 October 1869  and n.  5. CD refers to Edward Forbes and E.   …

From A. R. Wallace   10 March 1869

Summary

Weir’s paper on relation of protection to colour of caterpillars [Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. (1869): 21–6; (1870): 337–9] confirms ARW’s hypothesis.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 106: B77–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6651

Matches: 11 hits

  • … are notes for his reply to Wallace. See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 22 March [1869] . …
  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   10 March 1869
  • … 8 Alfred Russel Wallace London, St Mark’s Crescent, 9 10 Mar 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … caterpillars [ Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. (1869): 21–6; (1870): 337–9] confirms ARW’s …
  • … John Murray. 1871. Weir, John Jenner. 1869. On insects and insectivorous birds; and …
  • … 9, St. Mark’s Crescent | NW. March 10th.  1869 Dear Darwin Thanks for your kind note. I …
  • … See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 5 March [1869] and n.  2. Wallace refers to his publisher, …
  • … John Jenner Weir’s paper ‘On insects and insectivorous birds’ ( Weir 1869 ) was read …
  • … on 1 March 1869. CD cited it in Descent 1: 417. Wallace had been asked by CD to suggest a …
  • … and the edibility of Lepidoptera and their larvae. [Read 1 March 1869. ] Transactions …
  • … of the Entomological Society of London (1869): 21–6. …

To A. R. Wallace   5 December [1869]

Summary

Further comments on arrangements for German translation of their joint paper.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  5 Dec [1869]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434: 194–5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7020

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   5 December [1869] …
  • … Add MS 46434: 194–5) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Dec [1869] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 4 December [1869] . CD refers to Adolf Bernhard Meyer. See …
  • … letter to A.  B.  Meyer, 27 November [1869] . For the photographs Wallace suggested, see …
  • … the letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 4 December [1869] and n.  3. See letter …
  • … see the letter to A.  B.  Meyer, 27 November [1869] and n.  6. Meyer’s translation of C.   …
  • … Eduard Besold. Murphy, Joseph John. 1869. Habit and intelligence in their connexion with …
  • … 2: 319–38. See letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 4 December [1869] and n.  4. See letter …
  • … to A.  B.  Meyer, 27 November [1869] . Emma Darwin’s note refers to one of Julia Margaret …
  • … to A.  B.  Meyer, 27  November [1869] and n.  2. CD refers to C.   …
  • … See letter to Fritz Müller, 1 December [1869] . CD refers to Meyer’s German translation of …
  • … with the laws of matter and force in Nature , 25 November and 2 December 1869 (Wallace  …
  • … 1869d, Murphy 1869 ); see also letter from A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 20 October 1869 . Wallace argued against Murphy that spontaneous variations …
  • … through natural selection. See Murphy 1869 , 1: 326, 345–7, and Wallace 1869d, p.  106. On …

From A. R. Wallace   20 October 1869

Summary

Looks forward to Descent, though he expects to find more to differ with than in any other of CD’s books.

Problems of usefulness of incipient organs and of the independent origin of similar complex organs are real difficulties.

Plans a little book on "Distribution of animals".

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Oct 1869
Classmark:  DAR 106: B86–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6949

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   20 October 1869
  • … 7 Alfred Russel Wallace London, St Mark’s Crescent, 9 20 Oct 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Caerdeon, Barmouth, Wales, in June and July 1869 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  17, …
  • … Bibliography Challis, James. 1869. Notes on the principles of pure and applied …
  • … John Murray. 1871. Murphy, Joseph John. 1869. Habit and intelligence in their connexion …
  • … 9, St. Mark’s Crescent, N.W. Oct r . 20th.  1869. Dear Darwin I do not know your son’s (Mr …
  • … of mathematical principles to theories of the physical forces ( Challis 1869 ). George’ …
  • … s response to Wallace, dated 23 October 1869, is in the British Library (Add.46434, f.   …
  • … 191). The reference is to Descent (see Academy 1 (1869–70): 15–16). …
  • … The notice appeared in the 9 October 1869 issue under the heading ‘Scientific notes’ and …
  • … and expression of the emotions. Wallace refers to Joseph John Murphy and Murphy 1869 . …
  • … Wallace reviewed Murphy 1869  in the …
  • … 25 November 1869 issue of Nature (Wallace 1869d). The unsigned article, ‘Difficulties of …

To A. R. Wallace   27 March [1869]

Summary

Hopes ARW has not "murdered too completely your own and my child" [natural selection] in his Quarterly Review article ["Sir Charles Lyell on geological climates and the Origin", 126 (1869): 359–94] on Lyell’s Principles [10th ed.].

CD is attributing more significance to useless variability in new [5th] edition of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  27 Mar [1869]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6684

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   27 March [1869] …
  • … Library (Add MS 46434) Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Mar [1869] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … on geological climates and the Origin ", 126 (1869): 359–94] on Lyell’s Principles [10th …
  • … this letter and the letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 24 March 1869 . See letter from A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 24 March 1869  and n.  3. Crossoptilon is the genus of eared pheasants. In …
  • … see letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 24 March 1869  and n.  10). CD had discussed with Joseph …
  • … von Nägeli (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 January 1869 and n.  1, and letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 15 January 1869 , 18  …
  • … January 1869 , and [ …
  • … 25 January 1869] ). …

From A. R. Wallace   24 March 1869

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Summary

Comments on Fritz Müller’s book [Facts and arguments for Darwin].

Responds to CD’s corrections of his work [Malay Archipelago].

Plumage of birds of paradise.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 84.1: 112–15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6681

Matches: 11 hits

  • … s annotations are notes for his reply (see letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 27 March [1869] ). …
  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   24 March 1869
  • … 15 Alfred Russel Wallace London, St Mark’s Crescent, 9 24 Mar 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Wallace refers to Dallas trans.  1869 (see letter to …
  • … Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869  and nn.  1 and 17). See …
  • … letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 22 March [1869] . See letter to A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 22 March [1869] and n.  12. The wapiti or (American) elk is Cervus …
  • … St. Mark’s Crescent, N.W. March 24 th . 1869 Dear Darwin Allow me first to thank you for …
  • … elk is Alces alces. See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 22 March [1869] . See letter to A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 22 March [1869] and n.  14. Wallace refers to the ruby-throated humming- …
  • … See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 22 March [1869] and n.  15. For Wallace’s discussion of …

To A. R. Wallace   25 June [1869]

Summary

On butterfly scales: there are many secondary characters which baffle conjecture.

Was forced to make additions to Origin as short as possible.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  25 June [1869]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434: 186–7); Natural History Museum (Entomology Manuscripts MSS WAL A 1:1 (127-128))
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6802

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   25 June [1869] …
  • … WAL A 1:1 (127-128)) Charles Robert Darwin Caerdeon 25 June [1869] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … is from his letter to CD of 24 June 1869 ( Correspondence vol. 17). Miquel had written a …
  • … letter and the letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 23 June [1869] ( Correspondence vol. 17). CD …
  • … in North Wales from 12 June to 30 July 1869 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). CD refers to …
  • … 17, letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 23 June [1869] and n.  3. CD’s letter to Geach has not …
  • … 17, letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 23 June [1869] and n.  2. CD refers to the fifth edition …
  • … vol. 17, letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 23 June [1869] . CD refers to Wallace 1869a; see …
  • … Correspondence vol. 17, letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 23 June [1869] and n.   …
  • … 6. In 1869, the government was planning to open a branch of the South Kensington Museum at …

To A. R. Wallace   22 January [1869]

Summary

Response to letter about dedication of Malay Archipelago and several scientific papers.

Changes in 5th ed. of Origin.

Now feels individual differences of paramount importance. Fleeming Jenkin has convinced him about "single variations".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  22 Jan [1869]
Classmark:  The British Library Board (Add MS 46434: 165–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6567

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   22 January [1869] …
  • … Board (Add MS 46434: 165–6) Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Jan [1869] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … the letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 20 January 1869. CD refers to the dedication of The Malay …
  • … Wallace 1869a). See letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 20 January 1869 and n.  1. See letter …
  • … from A.  R.  Wallace, 20 January 1869 and n.  9. CD refers to Charles Lyell. …
  • … II). He finished corrections on 10 February 1869 (see ‘Journal’, Appendix II). The North …
  • … See letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 20 January 1869 and n.  8. See letter …
  • … from A.  R.  Wallace, 20 January 1869 and nn.  3 and 4. CD also alludes to an article in …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1869. Origin : On the origin of species by means …

From Alfred Russel Wallace   20 January 1869

Summary

Dedication of Malay Archipelago to CD.

Comments on scientific papers.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Jan 1869
Classmark:  DAR 106: B73–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6561

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Alfred Russel Wallace   20 January 1869
  • … 4 Alfred Russel Wallace London, St Mark’s Crescent, 9 20 Jan 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of C.  Lyell 1867–8 appeared in the April 1869 issue of the Quarterly Review ([Wallace] …
  • … 9, St. Mark’s Crescent | NW. Jan y . 20th.  1869 Dear Darwin It will give me very great …
  • … Museum (Natural History). 1987. Spruce, Richard. 1869. Palmae Amazonicae , sive enumeratio …
  • … aequatoriales lectarum. [Read 21 January 1869. ] Journal of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) …
  • … genius and his works. ’ Wallace 1869a was published in March 1869 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 15 March 1869, pp.  162, 171). Wallace refers to an …
  • … of man’, that appeared in the January 1869 issue of Quarterly Review of Science (Anon.   …
  • … in itinere suo per regiones Americae aequatoriales lectarum’ ( Spruce 1869 ) was read …
  • … on 21 January 1869. Spruce discussed ‘alternation …
  • … function’ in two species of Geonoma in Spruce 1869 , pp.  95–6, and hypothesised that the …

To A. R. Wallace   5 March [1869]

Summary

Reception of ARW’s book, Malay Archipelago.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  5 Mar [1869]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6642

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   5 March [1869] …
  • … to Athenæum , 1 January 1867). See letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 20 January 1869 and n.  1. …
  • … Library (Add MS 46434) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Mar [1869] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … Wallace 1869a), published at the beginning of March 1869 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 15 March 1869, p.  171). CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia …

From A. R. Wallace   18 April [1869]

Summary

Expands upon their differences in regard to man and the question of the existence of forces not yet recognised by science.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Apr [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 106: B79–80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6703

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   18 April [1869] …
  • … 80 Alfred Russel Wallace London, St Mark’s Crescent, 9 18 Apr [1869] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 14 April 1869 . Wallace reviewed Charles Lyell’s geological …
  • … See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 14 April 1869 . Wallace refers to James Croll; see [ …
  • … was William Smith. See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 14 April 1869  and n.  12. See letter …
  • … from A.  R.  Wallace, 24 March 1869  and n.  9. Wallace refers to Richard Norris and …
  • … 210. See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 14 April 1869  and n.  10. Wallace also refers to his …

To A. R. Wallace   14 April 1869

Summary

ARW’s review of 10th ed. of Lyell’s Principles [see 6684] is admirable.

But he differs "grievously" with ARW on man. CD sees no necessity for an additional and proximate cause.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  14 Apr 1869
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434: 181–3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6706

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   14 April 1869
  • … Library (Add MS 46434: 181–3) Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 Apr 1869 Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. Ap.  14. 1869 My dear Wallace I have been wonderfully …
  • … also letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 24 March 1869 . CD went on a geological tour of North …
  • … 456–7 (issues of 27 March and 3 April 1869). On 8 or 9 April, CD was thrown by his horse, …
  • … H.  E.  Darwin to G.  H.  Darwin, 10 April [1869] (DAR 245: 291). Henrietta wrote that the …
  • … Thierry Preyer. See letter from W.  T.  Preyer, 21 March 1869 . See letter from A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 24 March 1869 . See letter from A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 24 March 1869  and n.  10. The Malay …
  • … work in the Quarterly Journal of Science 6 (1869): 165–79. Of bamboo, the author wrote ( …

From A. R. Wallace   30 January 1869

Summary

Argues that [general variability] of species, not single variations or sports, is basis for modification and adaptation to new conditions.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Jan 1869
Classmark:  DAR 106: B75–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6583

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   30 January 1869
  • … 6 Alfred Russel Wallace London, St Mark’s Crescent, 9 30 Jan 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 22 January [1869] and n.  7. Wallace refers to Henry Charles …
  • … Emma Darwin and to Violet Wallace, who was born on 27 January 1869 ( Raby 2001 , p.  199). …
  • … 9, St Mark’s Crescent | N.W. Jan y . 30 th . 1869 Dear Darwin Will you tell me where are …

To A. R. Wallace   2 February [1869]

Summary

CD expressed himself badly. F. Jenkin’s argument was against single variations ever being perpetuated.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  2 Feb [1869]
Classmark:  The British Library Board (Add MS 46434: 168–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6591

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   2 February [1869] …
  • … Board (Add MS 46434: 168–9) Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Feb [1869] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … this letter and the letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 30 January 1869 . See letter from A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 30 January 1869  and n.  1. CD refers to Henry Charles Fleeming Jenkin’s …
  • … 1867 ). Violet Wallace. See letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 30 January 1869  and n.  2. …

From A. R. Wallace   4 December [1869]

Summary

Inquires about arrangements for the German translation and publication of their original Linnean Society papers [Collected papers 2: 3–19].

ARW thinks he has hit upon a solution to problem of geological time.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Dec [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 106: B88–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7019

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   4 December [1869] …
  • … 9 Alfred Russel Wallace London, St Mark’s Crescent, 9 4 Dec [1869] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter from A.  B.  Meyer, 16 November 1869 (see n.  2, below). Meyer translated Wallace’s …
  • … and Wallace 1858; see letter from A.  B.  Meyer, 16 November 1869). Meyer requested CD’ …
  • … s photograph in his letter of 24 November 1869 . CD agreed to Meyer’s translation of C.   …
  • … letter from A.  B.  Meyer, 24 November 1869 . The most recent photograph of CD by Ernest …

From A. R. Wallace   23 June [1869]

Summary

Asks whether sexual selection could produce the changing plumules or "battledore" scales on the wings of certain butterflies.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 June [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 106: B81–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6797

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   23 June [1869] …
  • … 2 Alfred Russel Wallace London, St Mark’s Crescent, 9 23 June [1869] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 14 April 1869  and n.  12. Wallace refers to Wallace 1869a; …
  • … of Origin , which was published in June 1869. The ‘battledore’ scales were later found to …

To A. R. Wallace   22 March [1869]

Summary

Comments on Wallace’s Malay Archipelago.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  22 Mar [1869]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6677

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   22 March [1869] …
  • … Library (Add MS 46434) Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Mar [1869] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 10 March 1869 . CD refers to The Malay Archipelago (Wallace  …
  • … letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 10 March 1869 ). See Wallace 1869a, 2: 331–48. See Wallace  …

From Alfred Russel Wallace   7 February 1868

Summary

Thanks for Variation.

Reports work on his travel book [The Malay Archipelago (1869)].

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Feb 1868
Classmark:  DAR 106: B48
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5848

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Thanks for Variation . Reports work on his travel book [ The Malay Archipelago (1869)]. …
  • … 22 September [1865] ). The travels were eventually published as A.  R.  Wallace 1869. …

From A. R. Wallace   4 February 1866

Summary

Looks forward to reading Variation.

Explains how two or more female forms occur in one species through selection. The physiological problem remains of how each produces offspring like the other without intermediates. Is not CD’s case of varieties that will not blend the physiological test of a species needed for "complete proof of the origin of species"?

"Travels" postponed.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Feb 1866
Classmark:  DAR 106: B31–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4997

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of 1867 and 1868 writing A.  R.  Wallace 1869 ( A.  R.  Wallace 1905 , 1: 405–6). See also …
  • … R.   Wallace 1869); in the preface, p.  viii, Wallace explained, ‘I could, indeed, at once …
  • … uninstructive to the public. ’ Between 1862 and 1869, Wallace published over thirty papers …
  • … on his collections (A.  R.  Wallace 1869, 1: viii–xiv). For a bibliography of Wallace’s …
  • … 1866. The two-volume narrative, The Malay Archipelago , was published in 1869 (A.   …

From A. R. Wallace   24 February [1867]

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Summary

Protective role of colours in caterpillars and butterflies. Sexual differences in colours of butterflies.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Feb [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 82: A19–21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5416

Matches: 6 hits

  • … London: John Murray. 1871. Weir, John Jenner. 1869–70. On insects and insectivorous birds; …
  • … and the edibility of Lepidoptera and their larvæ. [ Read 1 March 1869 and 4 July 1870. ] …
  • … Transactions of the Entomological Society of London (1869): 21–6; (1870): 337–9. …
  • … and 31 March 1868 ). See also letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 10 March 1869 ( Calendar no.   …
  • … 6651). In 1869 and 1870, Weir read a paper describing his …
  • … birds to the Entomological Society ( Weir 1869–70 ); see Descent 1: 417. Wallace refers to …
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Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition …
  • … that is something’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [22 January 1869] ). Much of the remainder of …
  • … to be the case’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 January 1869 ). Hooker went straight to a crucial …
  • … probable’ (see also letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 January [1869] , and letter from A. R. Wallace, …
  • … in distribution’ ( letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] ). Darwin had argued ( Origin , pp. …
  • … formation’ ( letter to James Croll,  31 January [1869] ). Croll could not supply Darwin with an …
  • … have got that yet’ ( letter from James Croll, 4 February 1869 ).  Darwin did not directly …
  • … towards [Thomson]’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 19 March [1869] ). Towards Descent …
  • … ‘everlasting old Origin’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 1 June [1869] ), he was able to return to work on  …
  • … ( letter from Robert Elliot to George Cupples, 21 June 1869 ).  Details on mating behaviour …
  • … in the garden ( letter from Frederick Smith, 8 October 1869 ). Albert Günther, assistant in the …
  • … varieties ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 25 February [1869] ). The data contined to …
  • … cocks & hens.—’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 November [1869] ). Yet completion of the work was …
  • … for  Descent . Researching emotion In 1869, Darwin still expected that  Descent …
  • … hatred—’ ( from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May [1869] ). James Crichton-Browne and …
  • … ( enclosure to letter from Henry Maudsley, 20 May 1869 ). Darwin had often complained of the …
  • … in regard to Man’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ).  More remarkable still were Wallace …
  • … seem to you like some mental hallucination’ ( 18 April 1869 ). Since his marriage to Annie …
  • …  (Wallace 1869a; letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 March [1869] ), and scolded him for again being too …
  • … demands justice’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). Proceeding on all fronts …
  • … South American cordillera ( letter to Charles Lyell, 20 May 1869 ), and fossil discoveries in …
  • … investigated in depth ( letter from C. F. Claus, 6 February 1869 ). In a letter to the  Gardeners …
  • … of the soil ( letter to  Gardeners’ Chronicle , 9 May [1869] ). In March, Darwin received …
  • … in the early 1860s ( letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 ). This research contributed to  …
  • … editions ( see letter from Victor Masson, 29 September 1869 ). The work had been undertaken, like …
  • … Animals”’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 19 November [1869] ). Angered by these proceedings, Darwin …
  • … of Fritz Müller’s  Für Darwin  (Dallas trans. 1869). The book, an explication of Darwinian …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Crichton-Browne, James 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 19 May 1869 West Riding …
  • … Gray, Asa 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Jane 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Asa 8 & 9 May 1869 Florence, Italy (about …
  • … King, P.G. 25 Feb 1869 Sydney, Australia …
  • … Maudsley, Henry 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 17 Jan 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 28 June [1869] Sierra Leone, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 26 Dec 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Scott, John 2 July 1869 Royal Botanic Gardens, …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 6736 - Gray, A. & J. L to Darwin, [8 & 9 May 1869] Jane Loring Gray, …
  • … Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … Letter 6815 - Scott, J. to Darwin, [2 July 1869] John Scott responds to Darwin’s …
  • …  - Darwin to  Gunther, A. C. L. G., [21 September 1869] Darwin asks Gunther for “a great …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … (letter from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May 1869 ) Darwin cited Gray’s …
  • … their year long trip to Europe and North Africa in 1868 to 1869, the Grays visited Charles and Emma …
  • … 1868, and visiting again on their return journey in August 1869. Although they never met again, the …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … standard of science’ ( to Charles Layton, 24 November [1869] ). From the 3 rd edition on …
  • … published, 1866 5 th English edition published, 1869 6 th English edition …
  • … on the fifth edition from Boxing Day 1868 until February 1869.  Among the changes were stories about …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Becker tells Darwin that …
  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. L. B., [8 November, 1869] Darwin writes to feminist …
  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Suffragist and …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work on human expression. Donders visited Darwin in 1869 , and a year later Darwin consoled him …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … comprised two halves kept at different temperatures, and in 1869 Darwin told the botanist William …
  • … temperatures’ (letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March [1869] ,  Calendar  no. 6661). …

Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … vol. 17, letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). His views were presented more fully in a …
  • … comparative anatomist through his work on primates. In July 1869, Mivart published the first of a …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. B., [8 November 1869] Darwin thanks Antoinette …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … " Letter 6728 : from Charles Lyell, 5 May 1869 "I feel that …
  • … Letter 6866 : From Federico Delpino, 22 August 1869 "Perhaps because of intellectual …

John Beddoe

Summary

In 1869, when gathering data on sexual selection in humans, Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with John Beddoe, a doctor in Bristol. He was looking for evidence that racial differences that appear to have no benefit in terms of survival - and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1869 Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with a John Beddoe, a doctor in …

Suggested reading

Summary

  Contemporary writing Anon., The English matron: A practical manual for young wives, (London, 1846). Anon., The English gentlewoman: A practical manual for young ladies on their entrance to society, (Third edition, London, 1846). Becker, L. E.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … A. L. B.,  Studies in general science , (New York, 1869). Buckley, A.,  The fairy-land …
  • … M.,  On molecular and microscopic science ,  (London, 1869). Treat, M., ‘ Is the valve …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … himself an injustice & never demands justice” (14 April 1869). But Wallace continued, both …
  • … about the application of natural selection to ‘man’ in 1869, and looked instead to a ‘higher …
  • … investigation (see letter from A. R. Wallace, 18 April [1869]). Wallace’s views on man were also …
  • … the “great General” (letter to Charles Kingsley, 7 May 1869). In later years when Darwin reflected …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … was later expanded into the book, Hereditary Genius (1869), which contained an entry on the …

6430_10256

Summary

From Sven Nilsson to J. D. Hookerf1   25 October 1868Lund (Suède)25 Okt. 1868.Monsieur le Professeur! J’ai écrit à deux de mes amis qui ont des connaissances personnelles à la Lapponie, pour avoir les…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …
  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …

About the project

Summary

On this site you can read and search the full texts of more than 7,500 of Charles Darwin’s letters, and find information on 7,500 more. Available here are complete transcripts of all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are being added all the time. …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down …

Family life

Summary

From the long letters exchanged with his sisters during the Beagle voyage, through correspondence about his marriage to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, the births—and deaths—of their children, to the  contributions of his sons and daughters  to his scientific…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … From the long letters exchanged with his sisters during the  Beagle  voyage, through …

Interview with John Hedley Brooke

Summary

John Hedley Brooke is President of the Science and Religion Forum as well as the author of the influential Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives (Cambridge University Press, 1991). He has had a long career in the history of science and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … in spiritualism. He first writes to Darwin about this in 1869, and this is exactly the same time …
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