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From Fritz Müller   15 June 1869

Summary

FM much gratified by the appearance of Für Darwin translation.

Discusses dimorphism in Rubiaceae.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 June 1869
Classmark:  DAR 110: B115; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Directors’ Correspondence 215/175)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6783

Matches: 23 hits

  • … From Fritz Müller   15 June 1869
  • … Theodor (Fritz) Müller Santa Catharina, Brazil 15 June 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Itajahy, S a Catharina, Brazil June 15. 1869. My dear Sir. I have been prevented from …
  • … have been altered. See Correspondence vol. 17, letters to Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869  and …
  • … 18 March 1869 . …
  • … In a letter of 12 June 1869, Müller told his brother, Hermann Müller, that he had …
  • … are for his reply to Müller of 8 September [1869] ( Correspondence vol. 17); he refers to …
  • … John Murray. 1877. [Leifchild, John R. ] 1869. [Review of Facts and arguments for Darwin …
  • … by W. S. Dallas. ] Athenæum , 27 March 1869, p. 431. Origin : On the origin of species by …
  • … English as Facts and arguments for Darwin (Dallas trans.  1869; see Correspondence vol. …
  • … 17, letter to Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869 ). …
  • … The review in the 21 April 1869 issue of Scientific Opinion (Anon.   …
  • 1869) was positive, but the …
  • … one in the 27 March 1869 issue of the Athenæum was critical, and the author remarked, ‘It …
  • … Crustacean than Christian’ ( [Leifchild] 1869 ). The reviewer, John R.  Leifchild, had …
  • … vol. 17, letter to Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869  and n.  9. In Forms of flowers , p. 129, …
  • … vol. 17, letter to Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869 . In Cross and self fertilisation , pp. …
  • … 1883). See Correspondence vol. 17, letter from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869  and nn.  3– …
  • … 5, and letter to Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869  and n.  13. Müller had described the unusual …
  • … monocotyledons. In his letter of 14 March 1869 ( Correspondence vol. 17), CD had suggested …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, 18 October 1869 ). CD later described it as Oxalis regnelli (a …
  • … 17, letter from Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869 . CD had sent seeds of the first Begonia to …
  • … ibid. , letter to George Bentham, 10 May [1869] ; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Inwards …

To Fritz Müller   18 July [1869]

Summary

Reports reviews of Facts and arguments for Darwin [1869].

Is preparing for a French translation of Orchids.

The case of Abutilon which is sterile with some individuals is remarkable.

Has sent FM’s account of the monstrous Begonia to the Linnean Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  18 July [1869]
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 29)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6835

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To Fritz Müller   18 July [1869] …
  • … 29) Charles Robert Darwin Caerdeon 18 July [1869] Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …
  • … reviews of Facts and arguments for Darwin [1869]. Is preparing for a French translation of …
  • … to Joseph Dalton Hooker. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 July 1869  and nn.  2 and 3. …
  • … See letter from Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869 . The reference is …
  • … to Dallas trans.  1869. See …
  • … letter from John Murray, 28 April [1869] . See …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, 15 June 1869  and n.  3. The reviews have not been identified. …
  • … the Capivary river with his letter of 14 March 1869. Müller published the results of his …
  • … and Magazine of Natural History 4th ser. 4 (1869): 141–59. [ Collected papers 2: 138–56. ] …
  • … See letter to George Bentham, 10 May [1869] and n.  6. Müller …
  • … a brief article from Colonie Zeitung with his letter of 14 March 1869. A translation of a …
  • … appeared in Gardeners’ Chronicle , 26 June 1869, p.  686. The excerpt does not mention CD …
  • … californica (California poppy; see letter to Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869  and n.  11. ) …

To Fritz Müller   1 December [1869]

Summary

Role of humming-birds in plant fertilisation.

Alexander Agassiz has visited Down.

Sales of Facts and arguments for Darwin.

Encloses copy of T. H. Farrer letter [7015] and observations on the self-sterility of Eschscholzia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  1 Dec [1869]
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 31)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7018

Matches: 16 hits

  • … To Fritz Müller   1 December [1869] …
  • … 10 no 31) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Dec [1869] Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …
  • … between this letter and the letter from Fritz Müller, 18 October 1869 . Müller evidently …
  • … enclosed seeds with his letter of 18 October 1869 to replace those that had been damaged …
  • … earlier (see letter to Fritz Müller, 18 July [1869] and n.  5). For Thomas Henry Farrer’s …
  • … sent a copy of the extract from Müller’s letter of 18 October 1869 with his letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Farrer, [27 November 1869] . For Farrer’s original reply, see the letter from …
  • … sincerely | Ch. Darwin Escholtzia Californica 1869. Many plants were raised from crossed …
  • … T.  H.  Farrer, 28 November 1869 . Both the enclosures to the letter to Müller are copies …
  • … also letter from Louis Agassiz, 6 July 1869 . On the health problems of James Dwight Dana, …
  • … ANB. The reference is to the translation of F.  Müller 1864a (Dallas trans.  1869). See …
  • … letter from John Murray, 17 November 1869 . Murray was the …
  • … publisher of Dallas trans.  1869. Adolf Bernhard Meyer had sent CD his German …
  • … See letter from A.  B.  Meyer, 16 November 1869. The enclosure, written in Emma Darwin’s …
  • … reported on their growth; see letter from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869 , and letter to …
  • … Fritz Müller, 18 July [1869] and n.  6. CD included the information in Cross and self …

To Fritz Müller   8 September [1869]

Summary

Wants observations on a Papilio to see whether ticking noise is confined to one sex.

Experiments on self-sterility.

Will send copy of his orchid paper ["Fertilisation of orchids", Collected papers 2: 138–56].

Eschscholzia when self-fertilised, produced pods.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  8 Sept [1869]
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 30)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6881

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To Fritz Müller   8 September [1869] …
  • … 10 no 30) Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Sept [1869] Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …
  • … and Magazine of Natural History 4th ser. 4 (1869): 141–59. [ Collected papers 2: 138–56. ] …
  • … and the letter from Fritz Müller, 15 June 1869 . CD had remarked on the clicking noise of …
  • … see the letter from Fritz Müller, 15 June 1869 and n.  8. CD’s annotated copy of Edouard …
  • … 1864a, pp.  24–6, and Dallas trans.  1869, pp.  35–7). Claparède argued that differences …
  • … from Fritz Müller, 13 February 1866 ). See letter to Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869  and n.   …
  • … 9, and letter from Fritz Müller, 15 June 1869 . According to Emma Darwin’s …
  • … Asa Gray had visited CD on 28 August 1869. Eschscholzia californica is the California …
  • … different species of Eschscholzia (see letter to Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869  and n.  11). …
  • … See letter to Fritz Müller, 18 July [1869] and n.  6. CD …
  • … californica after his letter to Fritz Müller of 14 March 1869 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 13 August 1869  and n.  13. …
  • … On Reseda odorata , see the letter to Fritz Müller, 18 July [1869] and n.  5. …

To Fritz Müller   14 March 1869

Summary

Translation of Für Darwin has been published [Facts and arguments for Darwin (1869)].

Discusses dimorphic plants, commenting on FM’s observations on Oxalis.

Is greatly interested in Eschscholzia, which seems somewhat more self-sterile in Brazil than in England.

Thinks FM’s grass is "most wonderful".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  14 Mar 1869
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 27)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6662

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To Fritz Müller   14 March 1869
  • … 10 no 27) Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 Mar 1869 Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …
  • … published [ Facts and arguments for Darwin (1869)]. Discusses dimorphic plants, commenting …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869  and nn.  1 and 2). E.  crocea is now considered …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. March 14 th 1869 My dear Sir I fear that your patience will …
  • … and arguments for Darwin (Dallas trans.  1869), the translation of Für Darwin (F.  Müller …
  • … 5th edition, with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1869. …
  • … 2). See letter from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869  and nn.  6–8. For CD’s description of …
  • … of researches 2d ed. , p.  52. See letter from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869  and n.  10. …
  • … CD enclosed Müller’s letter of 12 January 1869 with his letter to Joseph …
  • … Dalton Hooker of 8 March [1869]. Alfred Russel Wallace. Müller and CD had been studying …
  • … the letter to R.  F.  Cooke, 23 [February 1869] . John Murray. See Correspondence vol.   …
  • … ed. See letter from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869 . Müller had probably sent the seeds of …
  • … of 31 October 1868 ( Correspondence vol.  16) or with his letter of 12 January 1869. See …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869  and nn.  3–5. Müller did not publish his …

From Fritz Müller   18 October 1869

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Summary

Describes experiments to test the fertility of Abutilon, which appears self-sterile,

and briefly mentions dichogamy in Eschscholzia.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Oct 1869
Classmark:  DAR 76: B178, Linnean Society of London (LS Ms 299/12)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6943

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From Fritz Müller   18 October 1869
  • … Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller Santa Catharina, Brazil 18 Oct 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter from Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869 . The last two paragraphs of the letter are …
  • … the letter to T.  H.  Farrer, [27 November 1869] . See Correspondence vol.  15, letter to …
  • … Itajahy, Sa. Catharina, Brazil, Octr.  18. 1869. My dear Sir I received some weeks ago …
  • … See letter to Fritz Müller, 18 July [1869] . See …
  • … letter to Fritz Müller, 18 July [1869] and n.  5. Müller refers to Abutilon striatum ( …
  • … Naturali Milano 11 (1868): 265–352; 12 (1869): 179–233; 13 (1870): 167–205; 17 (1874): …
  • … Hildebrand on this subject before October 1869 has been found. Oxalis martiana is now O.   …
  • … more seeds of E.  californica shortly after his letter of 14 March 1869 (see letter from …
  • … Fritz Müller, 15 June 1869 ). Friedrich Hildebrand reported his observations on self- …

To Fritz Müller   18 March 1869

Summary

On English edition of Für Darwin; CD’s gratitude and admiration.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  18 Mar 1869
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 28)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6668

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Fritz Müller   18 March 1869
  • … without any protective covering, limbs, or mouth (see Dallas trans.  1869, pp.  137–9). …
  • … 10 no 28) Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 Mar 1869 Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. Mar 18 1869 My dear Sir Since I wrote a few days ago & sent …
  • … See letter to Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869  and n.  1. …
  • … CD’s annotated copy of Dallas trans.  1869 is in the Rare Books Room–CUL (see Marginalia …
  • … on insect metamorphosis, see Dallas trans.  1869, pp.  119–21. Müller had argued that …

From Fritz Müller   29 March 1870

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Summary

His observations on mimicry in butterflies

and self-sterility in plants.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Mar 1870
Classmark:  DAR 76: B36
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7150

Matches: 11 hits

  • … to letter to Fritz Müller, 1 December [1869] . See Correspondence vol.  16, letters from …
  • … 1868 , and Correspondence vol.  17, letters from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869  and …
  • … 18 October 1869 . Müller refers to Alexander Agassiz (see also Correspondence …
  • … vol.  17, letter to Fritz Müller, 1 December [1869] ). A.  Agassiz 1864 . …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  17, letter from Fritz Müller, 18 December 1869 . …
  • … the letter to Fritz Müller, 1 December [1869] ( Correspondence vol.  17). Müller had six …
  • … issue of the Academy , dated 9 October 1869, contained a review of the English translation …
  • … of Müller’s Für Darwin (Dallas trans.  1869; Academy …
  • … 1 (1869–70): 14–15). Müller also refers to Wallace 1869c ( …
  • … vol.  17, letter to Fritz Müller, 1 December [1869] ). See Wallace 1869a, 1: 199–207. See …
  • … 1868 from your seeds and which only flowered 1869. — The other plants from the same seeds, …

From Fritz Müller   18 December 1869

Summary

Discusses dimorphic and trimorphic plants; mentions especially Rubiaceae and a dimorphic monocotyledon.

Notes observations on the monstrous male flowers of Begonia,

and on self-sterile plants.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Dec 1869
Classmark:  DAR 109: B125–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7029

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Fritz Müller   18 December 1869
  • … Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller Santa Catharina, Brazil 18 Dec 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter to Fritz Müller, 8 September [1869] and n.  10. A specimen of Rudgea eriantha ( …
  • … Itajahy, S a Catharina, Brazil Decbr.  18. 1869 My dear Sir I have to thank you for having …
  • … Magazine of Natural History 4th ser. 4 ( 1869): 141–59. [ Collected papers 2: 138–56. ] …
  • … Auxiliador da Industria nacional” (April 1869 pg 158). A “fazendeiro” of the province of …
  • … See letter from Fritz Müller, 18 October 1869  and n.  9. For examples of Karl Friedrich …

From Fritz Müller   14 March 1869

Summary

Describes experiments with sterility in Abutilon.

Describes hermaphroditism in a wild Begonia in Brazil.

Has been observing humble bees on Salvia.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Mar 1869
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (SP 859)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6662F

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Fritz Müller   14 March 1869
  • … Theodor (Fritz) Müller Itajahy, Santa Catharina, Brazil 14 Mar 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869  and n.  8. See Journal of researches 2d …
  • … 3, and letter to Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869  and n.  15. Rio Capivary (now Capivari) is a …
  • … Itajahy, S a Catharina, Brazil March 14, 1869 My dear Sir I have received your kind letter …

From Fritz Müller   12 January 1869

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Summary

Gives details of some crossing experiments with Eschscholzia.

Describes the grass Streptochaeta, which FM believes to be a primitive grass.

Relates some observations on maize that are well explained by Pangenesis.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Jan 1869
Classmark:  DAR 76: B34–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6549

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Fritz Müller   12 January 1869
  • … Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller Santa Catharina, Brazil 12 Jan 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Itajahy, S a Catharina, Brazil January 12. 1869. My dear Sir As the Eschscholzia-seed, …

To Fritz Müller   12 May 1870

Summary

Crossing experiments and self-sterility [in Eschscholzia].

Pangenesis.

Hermann Müller on insect adaptations for fertilisation of flowers.

CD working on book on man and sexual selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  12 May 1870
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 32)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7184

Matches: 6 hits

  • … See letters from Fritz Müller, 18 December 1869 ( Correspondence vol.  17) and 29 March  …
  • … vol.  17, letter to Fritz Müller, 8 September [1869] and n.  2. The ticking butterfly was …
  • … 17, letter from Fritz Müller, 18 December 1869  and n.  3. Müller published on the three …
  • … pp.  183–7. In his letter of 18 December 1869 ( Correspondence vol.  17), Müller had …
  • … of Abutilon with his letter of 18 October 1869 ( Correspondence vol.  17; see ibid. , …
  • … letter to Fritz Müller, 1 December [1869] ). The letter in which Müller discussed the …

From Fritz Müller   16 February 1870

Summary

Sends specimens of Passiflora and seeds for T. H. Farrer [letter enclosed with 7188].

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Feb 1870
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7108

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Correspondence vol.  17, letter to T.  H.  Farrer, [27 November 1869] , letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Farrer, 28 November 1869 , and letter to …
  • … Fritz Müller, 1 December [1869] ). CD sent this portion of Müller’s letter and the seeds …

To Fritz Müller   10 August [1865]

Summary

Has read and admires FM’s work on species.

Observations on Crustacea are good and original; asks FM to dissect and check some of CD’s observations on cirripedes.

Has sent "Climbing plants" paper [J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. 9 (1865): 1–118] and would like to send Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  10 Aug [1865]
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4881

Matches: 6 hits

  • … by William Sweetland Dallas (Dallas trans.  1869) is in the Rare Books Collection–CUL (see …
  • … Müller 1864, pp.  13–19 and Dallas trans.  1869, pp.  20–9). The absence of intermediate …
  • … Müller 1864, pp.  24–6, and Dallas trans.  1869, pp.  35–7). In Origin , pp.  193–4, CD …
  • … are on pp.  65–74 (see also Dallas trans.  1869, pp.  47–96, pp.   97–109). Müller noted …
  • … Müller 1864, pp.  73–4; Dallas trans.  1869, p.  109). In the fourth edition of Origin , …
  • … it (Müller 1864, p.  59; Dallas trans.  1869, pp.  88–9). CD had described Anelasma as a ‘ …

To Fritz Müller   17 August 1868

Summary

FM’s additions for English edition [1869] of Für Darwin.

Dimorphic plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  17 Aug 1868
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 25)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6320

Matches: 1 hit

  • … FM’s additions for English edition [1869] of Für Darwin . Dimorphic plants. …

To Fritz Müller   16 March [1868]

Summary

CD arranging for a translation of FM’s Für Darwin by W. S. Dallas.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  16 Mar [1868]
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 22)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6014

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Charles Lyell. The English title was Facts and arguments for Darwin (Dallas trans.  1869). …
  • … copies of the book (W.  S.  Dallas trans.  1869) were printed. Murray received a 10 per …

From Fritz Müller   17 June 1868

Summary

Again thanks CD for trouble in arranging for translation of Für Darwin.

Sends addition answering critics of his idea of insect metamorphosis [see Möller ed. 1915–21, 1: 259].

Agrees with Charles Lyell’s suggested English title "Facts and arguments in favor of Darwin", although perhaps more accurate to call it "Darwinism tested by Carcinology" or "Carcinology as bearing on the origin of species".

Says any profit should go to CD for his trouble and expense with the translation.

Thanks for seeds of Eschscholtzia.

Gives observations on number of climbing plants, including Dilleniacea, Marantacea, Catasetum.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 June 1868
Classmark:  Möller 1915–21, 2: 141–3; W. S. Dallas trans. 1869, pp. 119–21 n.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6248A

Matches: 4 hits

  • … 1915–21, 2: 141–3; W. S. Dallas trans. 1869, pp. 119–21 n. Johann Friedrich Theodor ( …
  • … references are to W.  S.  Dallas trans.  1869. Podophthalma: Crustacea with eyes set on …
  • … translation was W.  S.  Dallas trans.  1869. The original enclosure has not been found. …
  • … from a footnote in W.  S.  Dallas trans.  1869, pp.  119–21. Müller refers to Origin 4th …

From Fritz Müller   22 April 1868

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Summary

His opinion of Pangenesis.

On relative proportion of sexes in marine animals [sthg missing!?] Crustacea.

Sexual differences.

Music of Cicadae.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Apr 1868
Classmark:  DAR 86: A85–6; Möller 1915–21, 2: 140; Darwin Library–CUL (tipped into CD’s copy of F. Müller 1864a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6140

Matches: 5 hits

  • … by Rudolf Albert von Kölliker (Kölliker 1869–72, 8: 106–10). Müller refers to Ragnar …
  • … 1864, p.  55, and W.  S.  Dallas trans.  1869, pp.  81–2. For the observation of Carl …
  • … 1864, p.  55, and W.  S.  Dallas trans.  1869, p.  82. Dr Powel has not been further …
  • … p.  64, and W.  S.  Dallas trans.  1869, p.  95. Peltogaster is a genus of Rhizocephala. …
  • … of the carina’ (see W.  S.  Dallas trans.  1869, p.  137); CD underlined the word ‘carina’ …

To Fritz Müller   3 June 1868

Summary

Is glad FM approves of a translation of Für Darwin.

Hopes FM will think well of Pangenesis.

Sexual differences in insect auditory and stridulating organs.

Read FM’s paper on Balanus with great interest ["On Balanus armatus", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 4th ser. 1 (1868): 393–412].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  3 June 1868
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 24)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6224

Matches: 2 hits

  • … F.  Müller 1866, W.  S.  Dallas trans.  1869). John Murray was CD’s publisher and the …
  • … publisher of W.  S.  Dallas trans.  1869. James Dwight Dana. See letter from Fritz Müller, …

To Fritz Müller   1 January 1874

Summary

Thanks for two pamphlets.

Sends Thomas Belt’s [The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)], "the best Nat. Hist. book of travels ever published".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  1 Jan 1874
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 36)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9223

Matches: 2 hits

  • … crosses in species of Abutilon (Indian mallow) in 1869 and reported his initial results to …
  • … CD in a letter of 18 October 1869 ( Correspondence vol.  17). In F.  Müller 1871–3 , pp.   …
Document type
letter (46)
Author
Addressee
Correspondent
Darwin, C. R. (46)
Müller, Fritz[X]
Date
1865 (4)
1866 (9)
1867 (5)
1868 (8)
1869 (10)
1870 (4)
1871 (1)
1873 (1)
1874 (3)
1877 (1)
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Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition …
  • … that is something’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [22 January 1869] ). Much of the remainder of …
  • … to be the case’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 January 1869 ). Hooker went straight to a crucial …
  • … probable’ (see also letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 January [1869] , and letter from A. R. Wallace, …
  • … in distribution’ ( letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] ). Darwin had argued ( Origin , pp. …
  • … formation’ ( letter to James Croll,  31 January [1869] ). Croll could not supply Darwin with an …
  • … have got that yet’ ( letter from James Croll, 4 February 1869 ).  Darwin did not directly …
  • … towards [Thomson]’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 19 March [1869] ). Towards Descent …
  • … ‘everlasting old Origin’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 1 June [1869] ), he was able to return to work on  …
  • … ( letter from Robert Elliot to George Cupples, 21 June 1869 ).  Details on mating behaviour …
  • … in the garden ( letter from Frederick Smith, 8 October 1869 ). Albert Günther, assistant in the …
  • … varieties ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 25 February [1869] ). The data contined to …
  • … cocks & hens.—’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 November [1869] ). Yet completion of the work was …
  • … for  Descent . Researching emotion In 1869, Darwin still expected that  Descent …
  • … hatred—’ ( from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May [1869] ). James Crichton-Browne and …
  • … ( enclosure to letter from Henry Maudsley, 20 May 1869 ). Darwin had often complained of the …
  • … in regard to Man’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ).  More remarkable still were Wallace …
  • … seem to you like some mental hallucination’ ( 18 April 1869 ). Since his marriage to Annie …
  • …  (Wallace 1869a; letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 March [1869] ), and scolded him for again being too …
  • … demands justice’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). Proceeding on all fronts …
  • … South American cordillera ( letter to Charles Lyell, 20 May 1869 ), and fossil discoveries in …
  • … investigated in depth ( letter from C. F. Claus, 6 February 1869 ). In a letter to the  Gardeners …
  • … of the soil ( letter to  Gardeners’ Chronicle , 9 May [1869] ). In March, Darwin received …
  • … in the early 1860s ( letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 ). This research contributed to  …
  • … editions ( see letter from Victor Masson, 29 September 1869 ). The work had been undertaken, like …
  • … Animals”’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 19 November [1869] ). Angered by these proceedings, Darwin …
  • … of Fritz Müller’s  Für Darwin  (Dallas trans. 1869). The book, an explication of Darwinian …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Crichton-Browne, James 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 19 May 1869 West Riding …
  • … Gray, Asa 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Jane 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Asa 8 & 9 May 1869 Florence, Italy (about …
  • … King, P.G. 25 Feb 1869 Sydney, Australia …
  • … Maudsley, Henry 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 17 Jan 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 28 June [1869] Sierra Leone, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 26 Dec 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Scott, John 2 July 1869 Royal Botanic Gardens, …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 6736 - Gray, A. & J. L to Darwin, [8 & 9 May 1869] Jane Loring Gray, …
  • … Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … Letter 6815 - Scott, J. to Darwin, [2 July 1869] John Scott responds to Darwin’s …
  • …  - Darwin to  Gunther, A. C. L. G., [21 September 1869] Darwin asks Gunther for “a great …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … (letter from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May 1869 ) Darwin cited Gray’s …
  • … their year long trip to Europe and North Africa in 1868 to 1869, the Grays visited Charles and Emma …
  • … 1868, and visiting again on their return journey in August 1869. Although they never met again, the …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … standard of science’ ( to Charles Layton, 24 November [1869] ). From the 3 rd edition on …
  • … published, 1866 5 th English edition published, 1869 6 th English edition …
  • … on the fifth edition from Boxing Day 1868 until February 1869.  Among the changes were stories about …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Becker tells Darwin that …
  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. L. B., [8 November, 1869] Darwin writes to feminist …
  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Suffragist and …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work on human expression. Donders visited Darwin in 1869 , and a year later Darwin consoled him …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … comprised two halves kept at different temperatures, and in 1869 Darwin told the botanist William …
  • … temperatures’ (letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March [1869] ,  Calendar  no. 6661). …

Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … vol. 17, letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). His views were presented more fully in a …
  • … comparative anatomist through his work on primates. In July 1869, Mivart published the first of a …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. B., [8 November 1869] Darwin thanks Antoinette …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … " Letter 6728 : from Charles Lyell, 5 May 1869 "I feel that …
  • … Letter 6866 : From Federico Delpino, 22 August 1869 "Perhaps because of intellectual …

John Beddoe

Summary

In 1869, when gathering data on sexual selection in humans, Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with John Beddoe, a doctor in Bristol. He was looking for evidence that racial differences that appear to have no benefit in terms of survival - and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1869 Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with a John Beddoe, a doctor in …

Suggested reading

Summary

  Contemporary writing Anon., The English matron: A practical manual for young wives, (London, 1846). Anon., The English gentlewoman: A practical manual for young ladies on their entrance to society, (Third edition, London, 1846). Becker, L. E.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … A. L. B.,  Studies in general science , (New York, 1869). Buckley, A.,  The fairy-land …
  • … M.,  On molecular and microscopic science ,  (London, 1869). Treat, M., ‘ Is the valve …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … himself an injustice & never demands justice” (14 April 1869). But Wallace continued, both …
  • … about the application of natural selection to ‘man’ in 1869, and looked instead to a ‘higher …
  • … investigation (see letter from A. R. Wallace, 18 April [1869]). Wallace’s views on man were also …
  • … the “great General” (letter to Charles Kingsley, 7 May 1869). In later years when Darwin reflected …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … was later expanded into the book, Hereditary Genius (1869), which contained an entry on the …

6248A_20488

Summary

From Fritz Müllerf1   17 June 1868Itajahy, Sa. Catharina, Brazil,17. Juni 1868. .... . Sie werden schon aus meinem letzten Briefe ersehen haben, dass es mir sehr schmeichelhaft ist, wenn Sie meine…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … The figure and page references are to W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f15 Podophthalma: …
  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … text Möller 1915–21, 2: 141–3; W. S. Dallas trans. 1869, pp. 119–21 n. Physcial description …

6248A_20488A

Summary

From Fritz Müllerf1   17 June 1868Itajahy, Sa. Catharina, Brazil,17. Juni 1868. .... . Sie werden schon aus meinem letzten Briefe ersehen haben, dass es mir sehr schmeichelhaft ist, wenn Sie meine…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … The figure and page references are to W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f15 Podophthalma: …
  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … text Möller 1915–21, 2: 141–3; W. S. Dallas trans. 1869, pp. 119–21 n. Physcial description …

6430_10256

Summary

From Sven Nilsson to J. D. Hookerf1   25 October 1868Lund (Suède)25 Okt. 1868.Monsieur le Professeur! J’ai écrit à deux de mes amis qui ont des connaissances personnelles à la Lapponie, pour avoir les…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …
  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down …

About the project

Summary

On this site you can read and search the full texts of more than 7,500 of Charles Darwin’s letters, and find information on 7,500 more. Available here are complete transcripts of all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are being added all the time. …
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