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From J. D. Hooker   7 May 1856

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Summary

Non-endemic Ascension Island plants brought by man, not wind-transported.

Bentham has found intermediates between oxlip and cowslip in Herefordshire.

JDH finds quantity of albumen in seeds is not variable within a species.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 May 1856
Classmark:  DAR 100: 94–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1869

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DCP-LETT-1869

From J. D. Hooker   13 August 1869

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Did not intend to imply that Hallett said variation stopped, but that it arrives at a point where further accumulation in direction sought is so slow as to result practically in fixity of type – but not absolute fixity.

Duke of Argyll has requested JDH to superintend publication of a flora of India. JDH thinks he [Argyll] is paying him off for his kick at natural theology.

Willy [Hooker] returning from New Zealand.

A unique character in Drosophyllum.

Sees no reason for CD to contribute to Ross and Faraday memorials.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Aug 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 27–9, DAR 100: 156
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6862

Matches: 24 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   13 August 1869
  • … DAR 103: 27–9, DAR 100: 156 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 13 Aug 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … R.  Desmond 1994 ). See also letter to J.  T. Moggridge, 7 June 1869. See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 14 August [1869] and n.  6. CD refers to Peter Guthrie Tait. …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 August [1869] . The Darwins …
  • … arrived home from Wales on 31 July 1869 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  17, Appendix …
  • … for the Advancement of Science meeting at Exeter on 18 August 1869. See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 5 August 1869  and n.  4. North British Review ; see …
  • … Natural History Museum. Bristol, Pa. : Taylor & Francis. Moore, Charles. 1869. Lord Howe’s …
  • … Island. Gardeners’ Chronicle (1869): 968–9. …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 July 1869  and n.  6. Frances Harriet Hooker. William …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 August [1869] and n.  15. Herman Merivale was permanent …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 August [1869] and n.  11. Hooker refers to Daniel Oliver. …
  • … visit to Down; see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 September 1869 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 5 August 1869  and n.  5. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 August [1869] and n.  12. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 August [1869] . Hooker refers to Charles Lyell. See …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 August [1869] and n.  17. Hooker was president of the British …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 August [1869] and n.  4. George Douglas Campbell, eighth duke …
  • … was held in Exeter from 18 to 25 August 1869. Hooker refers to Thomas Dyke Acland and to …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [25 January 1869] . Hooker refers to his son, William Henslow …
  • … Michael Faraday ( The Times , 22 June 1869, p.  5). Hooker probably refers to a memorial …
  • … vegetation of Lord Howe Island in June  1869 and listed thatch palm ( Howea forsteriana ), …
  • … that he himself did not see ( C.  Moore 1869  and 1870). Moore also listed four species of …

From J. D. Hooker   [25 January 1869]

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Does not fact that characters important in systematics are often of no use, corroborate CD’s view that such characters, if not detrimental, may persist ad infinitum?

Social news.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [25 Jan 1869]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 8–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6608

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [25 January 1869] …
  • … DAR 103: 8–9 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [25 Jan 1869] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … not been identified, but on 23 February 1869 a paper ‘The cave cannibals of South Africa’ …
  • … the Ethnological Society of London n.s.  2 (1869–70): 76–80. Layland has not been further …
  • … is to Herbert Spencer. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 18 January 1869  and n.  8. …
  • … Churchill Babington (see n.  7, below). In 1869, the Monday preceding 28 January was 25  …
  • … January. See letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 January 1869 and …
  • … 16 January [1869], and letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 14 [January] 1869  and …
  • … 15 January 1869 . Hooker refers to Charles and Mary Elizabeth Lyell, Susan Ridley Norton, …
  • … as a candidate for the medal in 1868 or 1869 (see Minutes of Council of the Royal Society …
  • … Babington was married on Thursday 28 January 1869 at St James Church, Bury Saint Edmunds, …

From J. D. Hooker   14 November 1869

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Describes how the offer of C.B. was made. He declined a knighthood. Murchison and Lyell are trying to get him made Knight Commander of the Star of India, but he does not think there is a chance. The Duke [of Argyll?] might do it, but does not like JDH’s Darwinism.

Next Presidency of Royal Society discussed: all (Brodie, the X Club botanists, et al.) are agreed on Lyell.

Everyone is disappointed with Nature.

What did CD think of "Huxley’s rhapsody on Goethe’s ditto" [Nature 1 (1869): 9–11]?

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Nov 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 35—8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6988

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   14 November 1869
  • … DAR 103: 35—8 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 14 Nov 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … What did CD think of "Huxley’ s rhapsody on Goethe’s ditto" [ Nature 1 (1869): 9–11]? …
  • … Hooker, while he was in New Zealand (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 June 1869 , 17  …
  • … July 1869 , and …
  • … 13 August 1869 ). See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 13 November [1869] and n.  13. Hooker was working on The student’s flora of …
  • … British Islands ( J.  D.  Hooker 1870 ); see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 11 March 1869 . …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 November [1869] and n.  2. Hooker refers to Roderick Impey …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 November [1869] and nn.  2 and 3. See also L.  Huxley ed.   …
  • … review of literature, science, and art, established in October 1869 (see letter from …
  • … John Murray, 18 September [1869] ). On the Spectator , see Correspondence vol.  12, letter …
  • … to change the Royal Society president in 1869, see Barton 1990 , p.  64. Hooker refers to …
  • … journal of science’, was dated 4 November 1869. The publisher was Alexander Macmillan. For …

From J. D. Hooker   11 March 1869

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Orchids translation should goad [French] Academy into electing CD.

JDH will be sent to St Petersburg congress by Government.

Huxley on protoplasm; his address to Geological Society.

Fertilised an Aucuba with pollen of various species. Reports on results.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 10–11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6655

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   11 March 1869
  • … DAR 103: 10–11 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 11 Mar 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … In his letter to Hooker of 8 March [1869], CD enclosed the letter …
  • … from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869 . Henrietta Emma Darwin had been ill for a couple of …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 8 March [1869] and n.  4). Hooker refers to the proposed …
  • … the Académie des Sciences (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 8 March [1869] and nn.  5 and 6). …
  • … which arrived in New Zealand on 8 February 1869 (Yaldwyn and Hobbs eds.  1998, pp.  102, …
  • … at St Petersburg opened on 16 May 1869. For reports on the exhibition, including …
  • … Alexander II, see Gardeners’ Chronicle (1869): 553–4, 582, 586–8, 609–10, 614. Hooker did …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker to James Hector, 23 April 1869 (Yaldwyn and Hobbs eds.  1998, pp.   109– …
  • … in the Fortnightly Review , 1 February 1869 (T.  H.  Huxley 1869a). Huxley equated ‘ …
  • … Geological Society of London on 19 February 1869 (T.  H.  Huxley 1869c). In the address, …

From J. D. Hooker   7 September 1869

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Reports on events at Exeter [BAAS] meeting. G. G. Stokes made a first-rate President.

Huxley "poured boiling oil" over James McCann in answer to his "conceited dogmatic sermon".

F. A. W. Miquel is coming to stay.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Sept 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 30–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6879

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   7 September 1869
  • … DAR 103: 30–1 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 7 Sept 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … University Press. 1985–. McCann, James. 1869. Anti-Darwinism. Glasgow: David Bryce & Co. …
  • … Press. 1993–7. Stokes, George Gabriel. 1869. Presidential address. Report of the thirty- …
  • … Association for the Advancement of Science; held at Exeter in August 1869 , lxxxix–cv. …
  • … was held at Exeter from 18 to 25 August 1869. He refers to Thomas Dyke Acland, William …
  • … was president of the British Association in 1869. Hooker had remarked on Stokes’s upcoming …
  • … Huxley’s reply was printed in the Athenæum , 4 September 1869, p.  309. McCann’s paper was …
  • … and a rejoinder from McCann ( McCann 1869 ). A copy is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection– …
  • … discussion appeared in the Athenæum , 4 September 1869, pp.  309–10. In the conclusion of …
  • … of the phenomena of life and mind ( Stokes 1869 , pp.  civ–cv). Hooker refers to John …
  • … Advancement of Science, held at Exeter in 1869 , lxxxvii–lxxxviii). Hooker alludes to a …
  • … Advancement of Science, held at Exeter in 1869 , p.  lxxxviii). Hooker refers to Friedrich …

From J. D. Hooker   17 September 1869

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Will come to Down on 25 Sept.

Thanks CD for supplementaries ["Fertilization of orchids", Collected papers 2: 138–56] which he will quote in the British flora [The student’s flora of the British Islands (1870)].

F. A. W. Miquel could not come.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Sept 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 32–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6895

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Anton Wilhelm Miquel to Down. See letter to J.  D.   Hooker, 10 September [1869] . …
  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   17 September 1869
  • … DAR 103: 32–3 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 17 Sept 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 11 March 1869  and n.  6.The ‘supplementary’ Hooker refers …
  • … and Magazine of Natural History 4th ser. 4 (1869): 141–59. [ Collected papers 2: 138–56. ] …

From J. D. Hooker   18 January 1869

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Replies to CD’s questions. Advice on use of term "morphology". Is much struck by CD’s idea that uniformity of an organ throughout a group implies functional inutility; the paradox of this position for classification.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Jan 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 4–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6560

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   18 January 1869
  • … DAR 103: 4–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 18 Jan 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and Horticultural Society of India n.s. 1 (1869): 200–64. Spencer, Herbert. 1860–2. First …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 15 January 1869  and nn.  1 and 2, and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 16 January [1869] . Hooker refers to Carl Wilhelm von Nägeli and Nägeli’s …
  • … in the Royal Botanic Gardens, Calcutta’ ( Scott 1869 ) was published in the Journal of the …
  • … Yale University Press. Scott, John. 1869. A list of the higher cryptogams cultivated in …
  • … of India. In his letter of 16 January [1869] , CD mentioned that he had received seeds of …
  • … Viola nana from Scott (see also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 15 January 1869  and n.  5). …
  • … In his letter of 16 January [1869] , CD had asked Hooker whether he knew of cases where a …
  • … transmitted. See also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 15 January 1869  and n.  4. See letter …
  • … to J.   D.  Hooker, 16 January [1869] and n.  8. Hooker refers to John Stevens Henslow. …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 16 January [1869] and n.  9. In orchid terminology, ‘callus’ …

From J. D. Hooker   5 August 1869

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Huxley has shown him the jaws of an Anoplotherium brought from the Gallegos by R. O. Cunningham.

Saw Hallett’s wheat crops at Brighton; results of his selection very striking.

Huxley is assembling his Darwiniana papers for republication.

Has written a crushing reply to Richard Congreve ["The scientific aspects of positivism", Fortn. Rev. n.s. 5 (1869): 653–70] and JDH feels "infantine" beside him.

Comments on Sabine’s being offered and accepting K.C.B.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Aug 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 25–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6853

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   5 August 1869
  • … DAR 103: 25–6 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 5 Aug 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and Emma Darwin had all been unwell (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 July [1869] ). …
  • … of positivism", Fortn. Rev. n.s. 5 (1869): 653–70] and JDH feels "infantine" beside him. …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 7 May 1869  and nn.  2 and 3. Frederic Francis Hallett had …
  • … See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 July [1869] and n.  6. On the criticism of J.  D.   …
  • … the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 July [1869] and n.  7. Hooker refers to his presidential …
  • … of the Bath was announced in the London Gazette on 27 July 1869. The Darwins had returned …
  • … to Down from a holiday in Wales on 31 July 1869 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  17, …
  • … of Science meeting at Exeter on 18 August 1869; an abstract was published in the Report of …

From J. D. Hooker   17 July 1869

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On reading F. Müller’s Facts and arguments for Darwin [1869].

Pangenesis.

Agrees with CD on fascination [of snakes].

Huxley is at Comte again.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 July 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 22–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6832

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   17 July 1869
  • … DAR 103: 22–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 17 July 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … s Facts and arguments for Darwin [1869]. Pangenesis. Agrees with CD on fascination [of …
  • … 1869b. See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 9 July [1869] and n.  4. CD had been unwell for most …
  • … and arguments for Darwin (Dallas trans.  1869). In chapter ten, Müller discussed the views …
  • … developmental history (Dallas trans.  1869, pp.  98–9). He then gave a detailed critique …
  • … Institute (1868), which was issued in May 1869, and to a paper by William Colenso, ‘On the …
  • … CD (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 8 July [1869] ). The paper was not published in Popular …
  • … ibid. , pp.  110–21). In Dallas trans.  1869, pp.  119–20, Müller noted that in insect …

From J. D. Hooker   21 November 1869

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Has corresponded with Macmillan about Nature.

Will get the Kerner book.

Mere guesses must determine which form to fix on as the type.

Raises questions about the genealogical tree.

Serves Mlle Royer right.

Lyell declines Royal Society Presidency; now look to W. R. Grove. Long postscript on JDH’s views about knighthood.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Nov 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 39–41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7002

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   21 November 1869
  • … DAR 103: 39–41 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 21 Nov 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 19 November [1869] and n.  4; Nature was published by Alexander …
  • … Macmillan. The reference is to Kerner von Marilaun 1869; see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 19 November [1869] and n.  7. Hooker also refers to Daniel Oliver. J.  D.   …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 November 1869 . On Hooker’s declining the offer of a …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 November 1869 . On the civil KCBs as an award for service …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 19 November [1869] , for CD’s discussion of French translations …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 November 1869 . Hooker also refers to William Robert Grove. …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 November 1869 . Hooker had asked Mary Elizabeth Lyell about …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 November 1869 . The enclosure has not been found; it is …

From J. D. Hooker to Emma Darwin   29 March 1869

Summary

Pleased to come on 17th.

Is arranging the Aucuba experiment.

Sends some letters for CD’s perusal.

Asks what CD thinks of Huxley’s address [Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 25 (1869): xxviii–liii].

Would be glad to have Drosophyllum plants.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Date:  29 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 12–13; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Directors’ Correspondence 188: 141–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6685

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Exhibition at St. Petersburg (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 11 March 1869  and n.  4). …
  • … From J.  D.  Hooker to Emma Darwin   29 March 1869
  • … Correspondence 188: 141–2) Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 29 Mar 1869 Emma Wedgwood/Emma Darwin …
  • … Huxley’s address [ Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 25 (1869): xxviii–liii]. Would be glad to have …
  • … the year (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [25 January 1869] ). According to Emma Darwin’ …
  • … s diary (DAR 242), Hooker visited on 25 April 1869, but no visit is recorded for 17 April. …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March [1869] and n.  4. Hooker refers to Isaac Anderson- …
  • … 1846–64 ). Hooker visited Russia in May 1869 to attend the International Horticultural …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March [1869] and nn.  5 and 6). John Gilbert Baker. The …
  • … but all died. Redit, Mauritius 13 th Feby 1869 My dear D r Hooker, I am in your debt for …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 11 March 1869  and n.  4). Henrietta Emma Darwin had been …
  • … a couple of weeks (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 8 March [1869] and n.  4). Hooker refers …
  • … Geological Society of London on 19 February 1869 (T.  H.  Huxley  1869c). CD had received …

From J. D. Hooker   24 June 1869

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Recounts the trip back from St Petersburg – visits to botanic gardens and museums throughout Western Europe.

Pleased that CD admired Bentham’s address [see 6793]. JDH had read it in MS and modified some very heterodox passages about insularity. CD has hit the flaw in it.

F. A. W. Miquel is a convert.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 June 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 18–21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6800

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   24 June 1869
  • … DAR 103: 18–21 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 24 June 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 14 April 1869  and n.  12. CD cited Hooker for this information …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 6 June 1869 , and L.  Huxley ed.  1918, 2: 85–9). Upsala …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 22 June [1869] . Hooker 1866a. Hooker refers to Nils Johann …
  • … Andersson. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 22 June [1869] and nn.  10 and 11. See …
  • … had been sent to New Zealand; in February 1869, he went in the government steamer Sturt to …
  • … had been reported in The Times , 17 May 1869, p.  10. Hooker also refers to Theodore Minet …

From J. D. Hooker   24 September 1869

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Time of his arrival.

Will bring bark story with him.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Sept 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 34
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6908

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   24 September 1869
  • … DAR 103: 34 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 24 Sept 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 [September 1869] and n.  2. …

From J. D. Hooker   14 [January] 1869

Summary

Oliver overlooked CD’s request about rutaceous flowers. Of precisely which points about the ovules does CD want illustrations?

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 [Jan] 1869
Classmark:  DAR 48: A78, DAR 103: 3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5729

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   14 [January] 1869
  • … DAR 48: A78, DAR 103: 3 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 14 [Jan] 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and n.  2). CD’s annotations are for his letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 16 January [1869] . …
  • … the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 16 January [1869] . In his letter to Hooker of 25 December [ …
  • … According to Bunbury’s journal, on 7 January 1869, he and Hooker were guests at Hardwick …

From J. D. Hooker   6 June 1869

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Account of his Russian trip.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 June 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 14–17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6776

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   6 June 1869
  • … DAR 103: 14–17 Joseph Dalton Hooker Stockholm 6 June 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 11 March 1869  and n.  4. Georg Heinrich and Leonora Pertz. …
  • … s advice ( Gardeners’ Chronicle (5 June 1869): 609). Andrew Murray and Robert Hogg. Nils …
  • … elephant family ( Brandt 1866  and 1869). Hooker may refer to a Rhinoceros tichorhinus ( …

From J. D. Hooker   15 January 1869

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Criticisms of and suggestions for CD’s draft MS on Nägeli [for Origin, 5th ed.].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Jan 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 1–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6554

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   15 January 1869
  • … DAR 103: 1–2 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 15 Jan 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 January 1869 and n.  1). In the version that appeared in …
  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1869. Weismann, August. 1868. Über die Berechtigung …

From J. D. Hooker   [7 March 1870]

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Summary

Does not give much for botanical results of Round Island, but the zoology is wonderful.

Lyell’s new book [The student’s elements of geology (1870)]. Urges Lyell to make it Elementary principles.

Grove is disgusted with CD for being disquieted by William Thomson: "Take another dose of Huxley’s penultimate address to Geol. Soc." [Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 25 (1869): 28–53].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [7 Mar 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 42–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6646

Matches: 6 hits

  • … of Huxley’s penultimate address to Geol. Soc." [ Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 25 (1869): 28–53]. …
  • … and Norwich Naturalists’ Society, delivered on 27 April 1869 ( Transactions of the Norfolk …
  • … and Norwich Naturalists’ Society 1 (1869–70): 13–18). John Gunn, Hooker’s uncle by …
  • … Island (near Mauritius) dated 17 November 1869 and 13 January 1870 (Archives of the Royal …
  • … 17, letter from Charles Lyell, 2 November 1869 . For Hooker’s objection to CD’s suggestion …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9 November 1856 . In his 1869 address to the Geological Society of London ( …

DCP-LETT-6955F

Summary

"Darwin is a wise man."

Is sending Passifloras.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  23 Oct 1869
Classmark:  DAR 144: 56b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6955F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DAR 144: 56b Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 23 Oct 1869 Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer …

From J. D. Hooker   [22 May 1870]

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Summary

Willy is back from New Zealand. JDH perturbed by what to do with him.

J. W. Dawson’s Bakerian lecture for Royal Society is full of errors, and JDH is forced to recommend that it not be published. [An abstract of the lecture was published: "On the pre-Carboniferous floras of north-eastern America", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 18 (1869–70): 333–5.]

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [22 May 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 47–50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7198

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Carboniferous floras of north-eastern America", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 18 (1869–70): 333–5. ] …
  • … known letter written by Hooker was that of 21 November 1869 ( Correspondence vol.  17). …
  • … sent to New Zealand for his health in 1869 (see Correspondence vol.  17). James Hector had …
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Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition …
  • … that is something’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [22 January 1869] ). Much of the remainder of …
  • … to be the case’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 January 1869 ). Hooker went straight to a crucial …
  • … probable’ (see also letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 January [1869] , and letter from A. R. Wallace, …
  • … in distribution’ ( letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] ). Darwin had argued ( Origin , pp. …
  • … formation’ ( letter to James Croll,  31 January [1869] ). Croll could not supply Darwin with an …
  • … have got that yet’ ( letter from James Croll, 4 February 1869 ).  Darwin did not directly …
  • … towards [Thomson]’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 19 March [1869] ). Towards Descent …
  • … ‘everlasting old Origin’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 1 June [1869] ), he was able to return to work on  …
  • … ( letter from Robert Elliot to George Cupples, 21 June 1869 ).  Details on mating behaviour …
  • … in the garden ( letter from Frederick Smith, 8 October 1869 ). Albert Günther, assistant in the …
  • … varieties ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 25 February [1869] ). The data contined to …
  • … cocks & hens.—’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 November [1869] ). Yet completion of the work was …
  • … for  Descent . Researching emotion In 1869, Darwin still expected that  Descent …
  • … hatred—’ ( from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May [1869] ). James Crichton-Browne and …
  • … ( enclosure to letter from Henry Maudsley, 20 May 1869 ). Darwin had often complained of the …
  • … in regard to Man’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ).  More remarkable still were Wallace …
  • … seem to you like some mental hallucination’ ( 18 April 1869 ). Since his marriage to Annie …
  • …  (Wallace 1869a; letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 March [1869] ), and scolded him for again being too …
  • … demands justice’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). Proceeding on all fronts …
  • … South American cordillera ( letter to Charles Lyell, 20 May 1869 ), and fossil discoveries in …
  • … investigated in depth ( letter from C. F. Claus, 6 February 1869 ). In a letter to the  Gardeners …
  • … of the soil ( letter to  Gardeners’ Chronicle , 9 May [1869] ). In March, Darwin received …
  • … in the early 1860s ( letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 ). This research contributed to  …
  • … editions ( see letter from Victor Masson, 29 September 1869 ). The work had been undertaken, like …
  • … Animals”’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 19 November [1869] ). Angered by these proceedings, Darwin …
  • … of Fritz Müller’s  Für Darwin  (Dallas trans. 1869). The book, an explication of Darwinian …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Crichton-Browne, James 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 19 May 1869 West Riding …
  • … Gray, Asa 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Jane 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Asa 8 & 9 May 1869 Florence, Italy (about …
  • … King, P.G. 25 Feb 1869 Sydney, Australia …
  • … Maudsley, Henry 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 17 Jan 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 28 June [1869] Sierra Leone, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 26 Dec 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Scott, John 2 July 1869 Royal Botanic Gardens, …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 6736 - Gray, A. & J. L to Darwin, [8 & 9 May 1869] Jane Loring Gray, …
  • … Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … Letter 6815 - Scott, J. to Darwin, [2 July 1869] John Scott responds to Darwin’s …
  • …  - Darwin to  Gunther, A. C. L. G., [21 September 1869] Darwin asks Gunther for “a great …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … (letter from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May 1869 ) Darwin cited Gray’s …
  • … their year long trip to Europe and North Africa in 1868 to 1869, the Grays visited Charles and Emma …
  • … 1868, and visiting again on their return journey in August 1869. Although they never met again, the …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … standard of science’ ( to Charles Layton, 24 November [1869] ). From the 3 rd edition on …
  • … published, 1866 5 th English edition published, 1869 6 th English edition …
  • … on the fifth edition from Boxing Day 1868 until February 1869.  Among the changes were stories about …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Becker tells Darwin that …
  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. L. B., [8 November, 1869] Darwin writes to feminist …
  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Suffragist and …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work on human expression. Donders visited Darwin in 1869 , and a year later Darwin consoled him …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … comprised two halves kept at different temperatures, and in 1869 Darwin told the botanist William …
  • … temperatures’ (letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March [1869] ,  Calendar  no. 6661). …

Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … vol. 17, letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). His views were presented more fully in a …
  • … comparative anatomist through his work on primates. In July 1869, Mivart published the first of a …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. B., [8 November 1869] Darwin thanks Antoinette …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … " Letter 6728 : from Charles Lyell, 5 May 1869 "I feel that …
  • … Letter 6866 : From Federico Delpino, 22 August 1869 "Perhaps because of intellectual …

John Beddoe

Summary

In 1869, when gathering data on sexual selection in humans, Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with John Beddoe, a doctor in Bristol. He was looking for evidence that racial differences that appear to have no benefit in terms of survival - and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1869 Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with a John Beddoe, a doctor in …

Suggested reading

Summary

  Contemporary writing Anon., The English matron: A practical manual for young wives, (London, 1846). Anon., The English gentlewoman: A practical manual for young ladies on their entrance to society, (Third edition, London, 1846). Becker, L. E.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … A. L. B.,  Studies in general science , (New York, 1869). Buckley, A.,  The fairy-land …
  • … M.,  On molecular and microscopic science ,  (London, 1869). Treat, M., ‘ Is the valve …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … himself an injustice & never demands justice” (14 April 1869). But Wallace continued, both …
  • … about the application of natural selection to ‘man’ in 1869, and looked instead to a ‘higher …
  • … investigation (see letter from A. R. Wallace, 18 April [1869]). Wallace’s views on man were also …
  • … the “great General” (letter to Charles Kingsley, 7 May 1869). In later years when Darwin reflected …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … was later expanded into the book, Hereditary Genius (1869), which contained an entry on the …

6430_10256

Summary

From Sven Nilsson to J. D. Hookerf1   25 October 1868Lund (Suède)25 Okt. 1868.Monsieur le Professeur! J’ai écrit à deux de mes amis qui ont des connaissances personnelles à la Lapponie, pour avoir les…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …
  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …

About the project

Summary

On this site you can read and search the full texts of more than 7,500 of Charles Darwin’s letters, and find information on 7,500 more. Available here are complete transcripts of all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are being added all the time. …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down …

Family life

Summary

From the long letters exchanged with his sisters during the Beagle voyage, through correspondence about his marriage to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, the births—and deaths—of their children, to the  contributions of his sons and daughters  to his scientific…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … From the long letters exchanged with his sisters during the  Beagle  voyage, through …

Interview with John Hedley Brooke

Summary

John Hedley Brooke is President of the Science and Religion Forum as well as the author of the influential Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives (Cambridge University Press, 1991). He has had a long career in the history of science and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … in spiritualism. He first writes to Darwin about this in 1869, and this is exactly the same time …
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