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To A. R. Wallace   21 October 1869

Summary

Anticipates that all their differences are fated to find expression in projected book on man.

Offers his early MS with useful references related to the distribution of animals. Hopes ARW’s book will not be "little".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  21 Oct 1869
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434: 189–90); Linnean Society of London (Quentin Keynes Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6951

Matches: 23 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   21 October 1869
  • … Quentin Keynes Collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Oct 1869 Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … vol. 17, letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 20 October 1869  and n.  1. See Correspondence vol. …
  • … letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 20 October 1869 . Wallace reviewed John Joseph Murphy’s Habit …
  • … besides the giraffe ought to have developed longer necks ( [Mivart] 1869 , p. 43). …
  • … University Press. 1975. Randau, R. 1869. Un naturaliste dans l’Archipel Malais. [Review of …
  • … ser. 83: 675–706. Saporta, Gaston de. 1869. L’école transformiste et ses dernièrs travaux. …
  • … Down. | Beckenham | Kent. S.E. Oct.  21. 1869 My dear Wallace I forwarded your letter at …
  • … to his stay in Wales during June and July 1869 (see Correspondence vol. 17, Appendix II). …
  • … CD was in London from 1 to 9 November 1869 (see Correspondence vol. 17, …
  • … Appendix II). See [Mivart] 1869 , p.  49. Thylacinus is a genus of marsupials that had one …
  • … 1: 336–432. [Mivart, St George Jackson. ] 1869. Difficulties of the theory of natural …
  • … 53, 134–53, 274–89. Murphy, Joseph John. 1869. Habit and intelligence in their connexion …
  • … and intelligence ( J. J. Murphy 1869 ) in Nature , 25 …
  • … November and 2 December 1869 (Wallace 1869b). CD refers to an …
  • … theory of natural selection’ ( [Mivart] 1869 ) by St George Jackson Mivart, published in …
  • … vol. 17, letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 20 October 1869  and n.  4). The author argued that …
  • … explained by natural selection (see [Mivart] 1869 , p.  47). The passage is scored in CD’s …
  • … letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 20 October 1869  and n.  2. CD refers to Descent. For more on …
  • … CD refers to two articles published in the 1 October 1869 issue of Revue des deux mondes , …
  • … one a review of Wallace 1869a ( Randau 1869 ) and the other a review by Gaston …
  • … of three works, including Variation ( Saporta 1869 ). See Correspondence vol. 17, letter …
  • … from A.  R.  Wallace, 20 October 1869  and n.  5. CD refers to Edward Forbes and E.   …

To A. R. Wallace   5 December [1869]

Summary

Further comments on arrangements for German translation of their joint paper.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  5 Dec [1869]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434: 194–5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7020

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   5 December [1869] …
  • … Add MS 46434: 194–5) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Dec [1869] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 4 December [1869] . CD refers to Adolf Bernhard Meyer. See …
  • … letter to A.  B.  Meyer, 27 November [1869] . For the photographs Wallace suggested, see …
  • … the letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 4 December [1869] and n.  3. See letter …
  • … see the letter to A.  B.  Meyer, 27 November [1869] and n.  6. Meyer’s translation of C.   …
  • … Eduard Besold. Murphy, Joseph John. 1869. Habit and intelligence in their connexion with …
  • … 2: 319–38. See letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 4 December [1869] and n.  4. See letter …
  • … to A.  B.  Meyer, 27 November [1869] . Emma Darwin’s note refers to one of Julia Margaret …
  • … to A.  B.  Meyer, 27  November [1869] and n.  2. CD refers to C.   …
  • … See letter to Fritz Müller, 1 December [1869] . CD refers to Meyer’s German translation of …
  • … with the laws of matter and force in Nature , 25 November and 2 December 1869 (Wallace  …
  • … 1869d, Murphy 1869 ); see also letter from A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 20 October 1869 . Wallace argued against Murphy that spontaneous variations …
  • … through natural selection. See Murphy 1869 , 1: 326, 345–7, and Wallace 1869d, p.  106. On …

To A. R. Wallace   27 March [1869]

Summary

Hopes ARW has not "murdered too completely your own and my child" [natural selection] in his Quarterly Review article ["Sir Charles Lyell on geological climates and the Origin", 126 (1869): 359–94] on Lyell’s Principles [10th ed.].

CD is attributing more significance to useless variability in new [5th] edition of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  27 Mar [1869]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6684

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   27 March [1869] …
  • … Library (Add MS 46434) Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Mar [1869] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … on geological climates and the Origin ", 126 (1869): 359–94] on Lyell’s Principles [10th …
  • … this letter and the letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 24 March 1869 . See letter from A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 24 March 1869  and n.  3. Crossoptilon is the genus of eared pheasants. In …
  • … see letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 24 March 1869  and n.  10). CD had discussed with Joseph …
  • … von Nägeli (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 January 1869 and n.  1, and letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 15 January 1869 , 18  …
  • … January 1869 , and [ …
  • … 25 January 1869] ). …

To A. R. Wallace   25 June [1869]

Summary

On butterfly scales: there are many secondary characters which baffle conjecture.

Was forced to make additions to Origin as short as possible.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  25 June [1869]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434: 186–7); Natural History Museum (Entomology Manuscripts MSS WAL A 1:1 (127-128))
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6802

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   25 June [1869] …
  • … WAL A 1:1 (127-128)) Charles Robert Darwin Caerdeon 25 June [1869] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … is from his letter to CD of 24 June 1869 ( Correspondence vol. 17). Miquel had written a …
  • … letter and the letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 23 June [1869] ( Correspondence vol. 17). CD …
  • … in North Wales from 12 June to 30 July 1869 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). CD refers to …
  • … 17, letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 23 June [1869] and n.  3. CD’s letter to Geach has not …
  • … 17, letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 23 June [1869] and n.  2. CD refers to the fifth edition …
  • … vol. 17, letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 23 June [1869] . CD refers to Wallace 1869a; see …
  • … Correspondence vol. 17, letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 23 June [1869] and n.   …
  • … 6. In 1869, the government was planning to open a branch of the South Kensington Museum at …

To A. R. Wallace   22 January [1869]

Summary

Response to letter about dedication of Malay Archipelago and several scientific papers.

Changes in 5th ed. of Origin.

Now feels individual differences of paramount importance. Fleeming Jenkin has convinced him about "single variations".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  22 Jan [1869]
Classmark:  The British Library Board (Add MS 46434: 165–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6567

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   22 January [1869] …
  • … Board (Add MS 46434: 165–6) Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Jan [1869] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … the letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 20 January 1869. CD refers to the dedication of The Malay …
  • … Wallace 1869a). See letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 20 January 1869 and n.  1. See letter …
  • … from A.  R.  Wallace, 20 January 1869 and n.  9. CD refers to Charles Lyell. …
  • … II). He finished corrections on 10 February 1869 (see ‘Journal’, Appendix II). The North …
  • … See letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 20 January 1869 and n.  8. See letter …
  • … from A.  R.  Wallace, 20 January 1869 and nn.  3 and 4. CD also alludes to an article in …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1869. Origin : On the origin of species by means …

To A. R. Wallace   5 March [1869]

Summary

Reception of ARW’s book, Malay Archipelago.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  5 Mar [1869]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6642

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   5 March [1869] …
  • … to Athenæum , 1 January 1867). See letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 20 January 1869 and n.  1. …
  • … Library (Add MS 46434) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Mar [1869] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … Wallace 1869a), published at the beginning of March 1869 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 15 March 1869, p.  171). CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia …

To A. R. Wallace   14 April 1869

Summary

ARW’s review of 10th ed. of Lyell’s Principles [see 6684] is admirable.

But he differs "grievously" with ARW on man. CD sees no necessity for an additional and proximate cause.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  14 Apr 1869
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434: 181–3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6706

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   14 April 1869
  • … Library (Add MS 46434: 181–3) Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 Apr 1869 Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. Ap.  14. 1869 My dear Wallace I have been wonderfully …
  • … also letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 24 March 1869 . CD went on a geological tour of North …
  • … 456–7 (issues of 27 March and 3 April 1869). On 8 or 9 April, CD was thrown by his horse, …
  • … H.  E.  Darwin to G.  H.  Darwin, 10 April [1869] (DAR 245: 291). Henrietta wrote that the …
  • … Thierry Preyer. See letter from W.  T.  Preyer, 21 March 1869 . See letter from A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 24 March 1869 . See letter from A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 24 March 1869  and n.  10. The Malay …
  • … work in the Quarterly Journal of Science 6 (1869): 165–79. Of bamboo, the author wrote ( …

To A. R. Wallace   2 February [1869]

Summary

CD expressed himself badly. F. Jenkin’s argument was against single variations ever being perpetuated.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  2 Feb [1869]
Classmark:  The British Library Board (Add MS 46434: 168–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6591

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   2 February [1869] …
  • … Board (Add MS 46434: 168–9) Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Feb [1869] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … this letter and the letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 30 January 1869 . See letter from A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 30 January 1869  and n.  1. CD refers to Henry Charles Fleeming Jenkin’s …
  • … 1867 ). Violet Wallace. See letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 30 January 1869  and n.  2. …

To A. R. Wallace   22 March [1869]

Summary

Comments on Wallace’s Malay Archipelago.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  22 Mar [1869]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6677

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   22 March [1869] …
  • … Library (Add MS 46434) Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Mar [1869] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 10 March 1869 . CD refers to The Malay Archipelago (Wallace  …
  • … letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 10 March 1869 ). See Wallace 1869a, 2: 331–48. See Wallace  …

To A. R. Wallace   17 [March 1868]

Summary

On his Primula paper for the Linnean Society ["On the specific difference between Primula veris, Brit. Fl. (var. officialis, Linn.), P. vulgaris, Brit. Fl. var. acaulis, Linn.), and P. elatior, Jacq.; and on the hybrid nature of the common oxlip; with supplementary remarks on naturally produced hybrids of the genus Verbascum", [officinalis!?] J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 10 (1869): 437–54].

Peacocks and sexual selection.

ARW’s sterility argument has driven CD’s sons half-mad.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  17 [Mar 1868]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 43434: 115–17)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6018

Matches: 3 hits

  • … J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot. ) 10 (1869): 437–54]. Peacocks and sexual selection. ARW’s …
  • … The Malay Archipelago (A.  R.  Wallace 1869), which he had encouraged Wallace to write in …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 10 (1869): 437–54. Wallace, Alfred Russel. 1868. A …

From G. H. Darwin to A. R. Wallace 23 October 1869

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434: 191)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6955G

Matches: 1 hit

  • … From G. H. Darwin to A. R. Wallace 23 October 1869

To A. R. Wallace   26 January [1870]

Summary

Response to ARW’s MS on geological time ["The measurement of geological time", Nature 1 (1870): 399–401, 452–5].

Groans over [what is said about] man.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  26 Jan [1870]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434: 198–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7086

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Louis or Alexander Agassiz, and to A.  Agassiz et al. 1869. There is an annotated offprint …
  • … of A.  Agassiz et al 1869 in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL; it is a set of reports …
  • … 17, letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). Wallace had written a paper on the origin …

To A. R. Wallace   31 March [1870]

Summary

Thanks for a woodcut sent by ARW for Descent.

Congratulations on his removal from London,

and praise of his review of Francis Galton ["Hereditary genius", Nature 1 (1870): 501–3]. CD agrees with every word of it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  31 Mar [1870]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434: 200–1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7154

Matches: 2 hits

  • … London: John Murray. 1871. Galton, Francis. 1869. Hereditary genius: an inquiry into its …
  • … Francis Galton’s Hereditary genius ( Galton 1869 ), which was published on 17 March 1870 ( …

To A. R. Wallace   28 August [1872]

Summary

Detailed response to reading of Bastian’s Beginnings of life [1872]. On the whole, it seems probable to CD that spontaneous generation is true.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  28 Aug [1872]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8488

Matches: 2 hits

  • … hoping for a position at the Museum since 1869, when land was first acquired for the site. …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  17, letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 25 June [1869] and n.  8. …

To A. R. Wallace   6 October [1868]

Summary

Sexual selection, protection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  6 Oct [1868]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434: 162–3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6412

Matches: 1 hit

  • … refers to the manuscript of A.  R.  Wallace 1869; see the letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 4  …

To A. R. Wallace   [19 February 1872]

Summary

Sends 6th ed. of Origin;

draws attention to his criticism of ARW’s estimate of Kovalevsky;

mentions his disagreement with much of Spencer’s doctrine

and in a postscript points out an inaccuracy in an article in Once a Month.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  [19 Feb 1872]
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (Quentin Keynes Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8211

Matches: 1 hit

  • … was a subkingdom that included insects, crustaceans, and worms (T.  H.  Huxley 1869). …

To Alfred Russel Wallace   1 May 1857

Summary

Reports long preparation of work on how species and varieties differ. Agreement with Wallace’s conclusions as reported in Annals and Magazine of Natural History and in his letter to CD of 10 0ct [1856]. On distinction between domestic varieties and those in "a state of nature".

On mating of jaguars and leopards, the breeding of poultry, pigeons, etc.

Requests help for his experimenting on means of distribution of organic beings on oceanic islands.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  1 May 1857
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2086

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Wallace did not publish an account of his travels in the Malay Archipelago until 1869 ( …
  • … Wallace 1869). CD had carefully studied the works on hybridism of Joseph Gottlieb …

To A. R. Wallace   15 April [1868]

Summary

Admires ARW’s "Theory of birds’ nests" [J. Travel & Nat. Hist. 1 (1868): 73].

Discusses their respective views on birds’ nests, sexual selection, and protection.

Asks why, if brilliant colours of female butterflies are result of protective mimicry, do not males become equally brilliant? CD believes variation in females alone accounts for it, rather than protection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  15 Apr [1868]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434: 133–5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6121

Matches: 1 hit

  • … to The Malay Archipelago (A.  R.  Wallace 1869). CD had encouraged Wallace to write the …

To A. R. Wallace   9 July [1871]

Summary

Requests advice about Chauncey Wright’s article on Mivart’s Genesis of species [North Am. Rev. 113 (1871): 64–103]. CD thinks of publishing it as a pamphlet to counter impact of Mivart’s criticism of natural selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  9 July [1871]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7855

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1869. Origin 6th ed. : The origin of species by …

To A. R. Wallace   12 July [1871]

Summary

CD is allowing his family to decide whether Chauncey Wright’s paper on Mivart is dull.

Health and despondency.

Doubts his ability to answer Mivart successfully [in 6th ed. of Origin].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  12 July [1871]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7858

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1869. Origin 6th ed. : The origin of species by …
Document type
letter (25)
Addressee
Wallace, A. R.[X]
Correspondent
Date
1857 (1)
1864 (1)
1865 (1)
1866 (2)
1868 (4)
1869 (9)
1870 (2)
1871 (2)
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Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition …
  • … that is something’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [22 January 1869] ). Much of the remainder of …
  • … to be the case’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 January 1869 ). Hooker went straight to a crucial …
  • … probable’ (see also letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 January [1869] , and letter from A. R. Wallace, …
  • … in distribution’ ( letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] ). Darwin had argued ( Origin , pp. …
  • … formation’ ( letter to James Croll,  31 January [1869] ). Croll could not supply Darwin with an …
  • … have got that yet’ ( letter from James Croll, 4 February 1869 ).  Darwin did not directly …
  • … towards [Thomson]’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 19 March [1869] ). Towards Descent …
  • … ‘everlasting old Origin’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 1 June [1869] ), he was able to return to work on  …
  • … ( letter from Robert Elliot to George Cupples, 21 June 1869 ).  Details on mating behaviour …
  • … in the garden ( letter from Frederick Smith, 8 October 1869 ). Albert Günther, assistant in the …
  • … varieties ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 25 February [1869] ). The data contined to …
  • … cocks & hens.—’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 November [1869] ). Yet completion of the work was …
  • … for  Descent . Researching emotion In 1869, Darwin still expected that  Descent …
  • … hatred—’ ( from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May [1869] ). James Crichton-Browne and …
  • … ( enclosure to letter from Henry Maudsley, 20 May 1869 ). Darwin had often complained of the …
  • … in regard to Man’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ).  More remarkable still were Wallace …
  • … seem to you like some mental hallucination’ ( 18 April 1869 ). Since his marriage to Annie …
  • …  (Wallace 1869a; letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 March [1869] ), and scolded him for again being too …
  • … demands justice’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). Proceeding on all fronts …
  • … South American cordillera ( letter to Charles Lyell, 20 May 1869 ), and fossil discoveries in …
  • … investigated in depth ( letter from C. F. Claus, 6 February 1869 ). In a letter to the  Gardeners …
  • … of the soil ( letter to  Gardeners’ Chronicle , 9 May [1869] ). In March, Darwin received …
  • … in the early 1860s ( letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 ). This research contributed to  …
  • … editions ( see letter from Victor Masson, 29 September 1869 ). The work had been undertaken, like …
  • … Animals”’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 19 November [1869] ). Angered by these proceedings, Darwin …
  • … of Fritz Müller’s  Für Darwin  (Dallas trans. 1869). The book, an explication of Darwinian …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Crichton-Browne, James 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 19 May 1869 West Riding …
  • … Gray, Asa 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Jane 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Asa 8 & 9 May 1869 Florence, Italy (about …
  • … King, P.G. 25 Feb 1869 Sydney, Australia …
  • … Maudsley, Henry 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 17 Jan 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 28 June [1869] Sierra Leone, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 26 Dec 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Scott, John 2 July 1869 Royal Botanic Gardens, …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 6736 - Gray, A. & J. L to Darwin, [8 & 9 May 1869] Jane Loring Gray, …
  • … Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … Letter 6815 - Scott, J. to Darwin, [2 July 1869] John Scott responds to Darwin’s …
  • …  - Darwin to  Gunther, A. C. L. G., [21 September 1869] Darwin asks Gunther for “a great …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … (letter from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May 1869 ) Darwin cited Gray’s …
  • … their year long trip to Europe and North Africa in 1868 to 1869, the Grays visited Charles and Emma …
  • … 1868, and visiting again on their return journey in August 1869. Although they never met again, the …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … standard of science’ ( to Charles Layton, 24 November [1869] ). From the 3 rd edition on …
  • … published, 1866 5 th English edition published, 1869 6 th English edition …
  • … on the fifth edition from Boxing Day 1868 until February 1869.  Among the changes were stories about …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Becker tells Darwin that …
  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. L. B., [8 November, 1869] Darwin writes to feminist …
  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Suffragist and …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work on human expression. Donders visited Darwin in 1869 , and a year later Darwin consoled him …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … comprised two halves kept at different temperatures, and in 1869 Darwin told the botanist William …
  • … temperatures’ (letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March [1869] ,  Calendar  no. 6661). …

Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … vol. 17, letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). His views were presented more fully in a …
  • … comparative anatomist through his work on primates. In July 1869, Mivart published the first of a …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. B., [8 November 1869] Darwin thanks Antoinette …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … " Letter 6728 : from Charles Lyell, 5 May 1869 "I feel that …
  • … Letter 6866 : From Federico Delpino, 22 August 1869 "Perhaps because of intellectual …

John Beddoe

Summary

In 1869, when gathering data on sexual selection in humans, Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with John Beddoe, a doctor in Bristol. He was looking for evidence that racial differences that appear to have no benefit in terms of survival - and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1869 Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with a John Beddoe, a doctor in …

Suggested reading

Summary

  Contemporary writing Anon., The English matron: A practical manual for young wives, (London, 1846). Anon., The English gentlewoman: A practical manual for young ladies on their entrance to society, (Third edition, London, 1846). Becker, L. E.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … A. L. B.,  Studies in general science , (New York, 1869). Buckley, A.,  The fairy-land …
  • … M.,  On molecular and microscopic science ,  (London, 1869). Treat, M., ‘ Is the valve …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … himself an injustice & never demands justice” (14 April 1869). But Wallace continued, both …
  • … about the application of natural selection to ‘man’ in 1869, and looked instead to a ‘higher …
  • … investigation (see letter from A. R. Wallace, 18 April [1869]). Wallace’s views on man were also …
  • … the “great General” (letter to Charles Kingsley, 7 May 1869). In later years when Darwin reflected …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … was later expanded into the book, Hereditary Genius (1869), which contained an entry on the …

6430_10256

Summary

From Sven Nilsson to J. D. Hookerf1   25 October 1868Lund (Suède)25 Okt. 1868.Monsieur le Professeur! J’ai écrit à deux de mes amis qui ont des connaissances personnelles à la Lapponie, pour avoir les…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …
  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …

About the project

Summary

On this site you can read and search the full texts of more than 7,500 of Charles Darwin’s letters, and find information on 7,500 more. Available here are complete transcripts of all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are being added all the time. …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down …

Family life

Summary

From the long letters exchanged with his sisters during the Beagle voyage, through correspondence about his marriage to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, the births—and deaths—of their children, to the  contributions of his sons and daughters  to his scientific…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … From the long letters exchanged with his sisters during the  Beagle  voyage, through …

Interview with John Hedley Brooke

Summary

John Hedley Brooke is President of the Science and Religion Forum as well as the author of the influential Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives (Cambridge University Press, 1991). He has had a long career in the history of science and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … in spiritualism. He first writes to Darwin about this in 1869, and this is exactly the same time …
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