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From J. D. Hooker   7 May 1856

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Summary

Non-endemic Ascension Island plants brought by man, not wind-transported.

Bentham has found intermediates between oxlip and cowslip in Herefordshire.

JDH finds quantity of albumen in seeds is not variable within a species.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 May 1856
Classmark:  DAR 100: 94–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1869

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DCP-LETT-1869

From J. D. Hooker   13 August 1869

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Summary

Did not intend to imply that Hallett said variation stopped, but that it arrives at a point where further accumulation in direction sought is so slow as to result practically in fixity of type – but not absolute fixity.

Duke of Argyll has requested JDH to superintend publication of a flora of India. JDH thinks he [Argyll] is paying him off for his kick at natural theology.

Willy [Hooker] returning from New Zealand.

A unique character in Drosophyllum.

Sees no reason for CD to contribute to Ross and Faraday memorials.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Aug 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 27–9, DAR 100: 156
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6862

Matches: 24 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   13 August 1869
  • … DAR 103: 27–9, DAR 100: 156 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 13 Aug 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … R.  Desmond 1994 ). See also letter to J.  T. Moggridge, 7 June 1869. See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 14 August [1869] and n.  6. CD refers to Peter Guthrie Tait. …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 August [1869] . The Darwins …
  • … arrived home from Wales on 31 July 1869 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  17, Appendix …
  • … for the Advancement of Science meeting at Exeter on 18 August 1869. See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 5 August 1869  and n.  4. North British Review ; see …
  • … Natural History Museum. Bristol, Pa. : Taylor & Francis. Moore, Charles. 1869. Lord Howe’s …
  • … Island. Gardeners’ Chronicle (1869): 968–9. …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 July 1869  and n.  6. Frances Harriet Hooker. William …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 August [1869] and n.  15. Herman Merivale was permanent …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 August [1869] and n.  11. Hooker refers to Daniel Oliver. …
  • … visit to Down; see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 September 1869 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 5 August 1869  and n.  5. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 August [1869] and n.  12. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 August [1869] . Hooker refers to Charles Lyell. See …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 August [1869] and n.  17. Hooker was president of the British …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 August [1869] and n.  4. George Douglas Campbell, eighth duke …
  • … was held in Exeter from 18 to 25 August 1869. Hooker refers to Thomas Dyke Acland and to …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [25 January 1869] . Hooker refers to his son, William Henslow …
  • … Michael Faraday ( The Times , 22 June 1869, p.  5). Hooker probably refers to a memorial …
  • … vegetation of Lord Howe Island in June  1869 and listed thatch palm ( Howea forsteriana ), …
  • … that he himself did not see ( C.  Moore 1869  and 1870). Moore also listed four species of …

From John Beddoe   [22 August – 12 September 1869]

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Summary

Results of CD’s examination of data subvert JB’s former inferences. Will send abstracts from the data for his paper on colour of hair of single and married women 35 to 45 years old ["On the supposed increasing prevalence of dark hair in England", Anthropol. Rev. 1 (1863): 310–12].

Author:  John Beddoe
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [22 Aug–12 Sept 1869]
Classmark:  DAR 85: A13–14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6809

Matches: 10 hits

  • … See enclosure to letter from John Beddoe, 13 September 1869 . …
  • … From John Beddoe   [22 August – 12 September 1869] …
  • … DAR 85: A13–14 John Beddoe Arrocuhar [22 Aug–12 Sept 1869] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … John Beddoe July 13 th 1863 to Aug 6. 1869 Women between 35 and 45 Single Married Red Fair …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letters from John Beddoe, 21 August 1869  and …
  • … 13 September 1869 . Robert Christison. CD’s letter …
  • … has not been found. See letter from John Beddoe, 21 August 1869 . See …
  • … letter from John Beddoe, 21 August 1869  and nn.  2 and 4. …
  • … See letter from John Beddoe, 21 August 1869 . Beddoe 1863 ; …
  • … see also letter from John Beddoe, 21 August 1869  and n.  2. …

From Federico Delpino   1 November 1869

Summary

Comments on Hermann Crüger’s paper, sent by CD, on fertilisation of orchids [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 8 (1865): 127–35].

Observations on dichogamy in grasses (wheat, rye, barley).

Has not yet read CD’s reply to his article on Pangenesis [Collected papers 2: 158–60].

Author:  Federico Delpino
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Nov 1869
Classmark:  DAR 162: 145
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6965

Matches: 23 hits

  • … From Federico Delpino    1 November 1869
  • … DAR 162: 145 Federico Delpino Florence 1 Nov 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Axell, Severin. 1869. Om anordningarna för de fanerogama växternas …
  • … Firenze 1. 9bre 1869 Celeberrimo uomo! Rendo grazie alla S.V.  pella indulgente e cortese …
  • … Florence 1. November 1869 Most famous man! I thank you both for your tolerant and gracious …
  • … See letter to Federico Delpino, 14 October 1869 . Hermann Crüger’s paper described how the …
  • … Pamphlet Collection–CUL. Issue 48 (29 September 1869) of Scientific Opinion included …
  • … the first part of Delpino 1869, the translation of Delpino’s review of pangenesis. …
  • … In his letter to Delpino of 14 October 1869, CD had offered to send the remaining parts. …
  • … in the letter to Scientific Opinion , [before 20 October 1869]; this was published in …
  • … issue 51 (20 October 1869). Delpino’s translation of …
  • … CD’s letter to Scientific Opinion , [before 20 October 1869], appeared in the first …
  • … volume of Rivista Europea (1869): 118–24. The …
  • … references are to Johan Severin Axell and Axell 1869 . …
  • … and Magazine of Natural History 4th ser. 4 (1869): 141–59. [ Collected papers 2: 138–56. ] …
  • … Hildebrand, Friedrich Hermann Gustav. 1869. Weitere Beobachtungen über die …
  • … the letter from Federico Delpino, 9 October 1869 . Visits of bees to flowers of the orchid …
  • … Strelitzia , see the letter to Federico Delpino, 14 October 1869 . Friedrich Hildebrand …
  • … opinion on Strelitzia pollination in Hildebrand 1869 , pp.  508–9. CD had suggested that …
  • … see the letter to Federico Delpino, 14 October 1869 . On dichogamy, see the letter to W.   …
  • … C.  Tait, 17 July [1869] . Hordeum vulgare is common barley. Hordeum distichum is an …
  • … now Vicia sativa amphicarpa ); see also letters from T.  H.  Farrer, 8 August 1869  and …
  • … 12 August 1869 . Delpino refers to CD’s conclusion in Orchids , p.  359: ‘Nature thus …

From George Bentham   7 May 1869

Summary

The Linnean Society Council wants CD to review two papers, with reference to their value for publication.

Author:  George Bentham
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 May 1869
Classmark:  DAR 160: 162
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6734

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From George Bentham   7 May 1869
  • … DAR 160: 162 George Bentham London, Wilton Place, 25 7 May 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Barber, Mary Elizabeth. 1869. On the fertilization and dissemination …
  • … Duvernoia adhatodoides. [Read 15 April 1869. ] Journal of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) …
  • … 11 (1871): 469–72. Spruce, Richard. 1869. Palmae Amazonicae , sive enumeratio palmarum in …
  • … aequatoriales lectarum. [Read 21 January 1869. ] Journal of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) …
  • … had sent his paper to CD with his letter of [before 1 April 1869] . The paper, ‘Ant- …
  • … agency in plant-structure’ was read 15 April 1869 (see letter from Richard …
  • … Spruce, [before 1 April 1869] and n.  3). Spruce refers …
  • … Melastomataceae). Bentham refers to Spruce 1869 . The published version of Mary Elizabeth …
  • … of Duvernoia adhatodoides ’ ( Barber 1869 ) had diagrams of the flower, but no coloured …
  • … 25. Wilton Place. | S.W. May 7 1869 My dear M r Darwin You will receive from M r Kippist …

From George Bentham   10 May 1869

Summary

Will have Fritz Müller’s letter ["On the modification of the stamens in a species of Begonia", J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 11 (1871): 472–4] read at next Linnean Society meeting [read 3 June 1869].

Has given the seeds to Daniel Oliver.

Author:  George Bentham
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 May 1869
Classmark:  DAR 160: 163
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6744

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From George Bentham   10 May 1869
  • … DAR 160: 163 George Bentham London, Wilton Place, 25 10 May 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to George Bentham, 10 May [1869] and n.  6. …
  • … Bentham refers to Richard Spruce’s paper ‘ Palmae Amazonicae ’ ( Spruce 1869 ). See …
  • … letter to George Bentham, 10 May [1869] and n.  7. …
  • … Bibliography Spruce, Richard. 1869. Palmae Amazonicae , sive enumeratio palmarum in …
  • … aequatoriales lectarum. [Read 21 January 1869. ] Journal of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) …
  • … at next Linnean Society meeting [read 3 June 1869]. Has given the seeds to Daniel Oliver. …

From R. F. Cooke   22 February 1869

Summary

There will be no objection to the French translation or difficulty about woodcuts of Orchids.

Has not yet received the information about Müller’s Facts and arguments for Darwin.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Feb 1869
Classmark:  DAR 171: 364
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6627

Matches: 7 hits

  • … F.  Cooke, 23  February 1869 ). …
  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   22 February 1869
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 22 Feb 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to R.  F.  Cooke, [22 February 1869] and n.  2. Cooke refers to the English …
  • … of Fritz Müller’s Für Darwin (F.  Müller 1864a; Dallas trans.  1869). See letter from R.   …
  • … F.  Cooke, 23 February 1869 . CD’s annotations appear to be …
  • … notes relating to expenses for Dallas trans.  1869 (see letter from R.   …

From Fritz Müller   15 June 1869

Summary

FM much gratified by the appearance of Für Darwin translation.

Discusses dimorphism in Rubiaceae.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 June 1869
Classmark:  DAR 110: B115; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Directors’ Correspondence 215/175)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6783

Matches: 23 hits

  • … From Fritz Müller   15 June 1869
  • … Theodor (Fritz) Müller Santa Catharina, Brazil 15 June 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Itajahy, S a Catharina, Brazil June 15. 1869. My dear Sir. I have been prevented from …
  • … have been altered. See Correspondence vol. 17, letters to Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869  and …
  • … 18 March 1869 . …
  • … In a letter of 12 June 1869 , Müller told his brother, Hermann Müller, that he had …
  • … are for his reply to Müller of 8 September [1869] ( Correspondence vol. 17); he refers to …
  • … John Murray. 1877. [Leifchild, John R. ] 1869. [Review of Facts and arguments for Darwin …
  • … by W. S. Dallas. ] Athenæum , 27 March 1869, p. 431. Origin : On the origin of species by …
  • … English as Facts and arguments for Darwin (Dallas trans.  1869; see Correspondence vol. …
  • … 17, letter to Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869 ). …
  • … The review in the 21 April 1869 issue of Scientific Opinion (Anon.   …
  • 1869) was positive, but the …
  • … one in the 27 March 1869 issue of the Athenæum was critical, and the author remarked, ‘It …
  • … Crustacean than Christian’ ( [Leifchild] 1869 ). The reviewer, John R.  Leifchild, had …
  • … vol. 17, letter to Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869  and n.  9. In Forms of flowers , p. 129, …
  • … vol. 17, letter to Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869 . In Cross and self fertilisation , pp. …
  • … 1883). See Correspondence vol. 17, letter from Fritz Müller, 12 January 1869  and nn.  3– …
  • … 5, and letter to Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869  and n.  13. Müller had described the unusual …
  • … monocotyledons. In his letter of 14 March 1869 ( Correspondence vol. 17), CD had suggested …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, 18 October 1869 ). CD later described it as Oxalis regnelli (a …
  • … 17, letter from Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869 . CD had sent seeds of the first Begonia to …
  • … ibid. , letter to George Bentham, 10 May [1869] ; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Inwards …

From A. R. Wallace   10 March 1869

Summary

Weir’s paper on relation of protection to colour of caterpillars [Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. (1869): 21–6; (1870): 337–9] confirms ARW’s hypothesis.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 106: B77–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6651

Matches: 11 hits

  • … are notes for his reply to Wallace. See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 22 March [1869] . …
  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   10 March 1869
  • … 8 Alfred Russel Wallace London, St Mark’s Crescent, 9 10 Mar 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … caterpillars [ Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. (1869): 21–6; (1870): 337–9] confirms ARW’s …
  • … John Murray. 1871. Weir, John Jenner. 1869. On insects and insectivorous birds; and …
  • … 9, St. Mark’s Crescent | NW. March 10th.  1869 Dear Darwin Thanks for your kind note. I …
  • … See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 5 March [1869] and n.  2. Wallace refers to his publisher, …
  • … John Jenner Weir’s paper ‘On insects and insectivorous birds’ ( Weir 1869 ) was read …
  • … on 1 March 1869. CD cited it in Descent 1: 417. Wallace had been asked by CD to suggest a …
  • … and the edibility of Lepidoptera and their larvae. [Read 1 March 1869. ] Transactions …
  • … of the Entomological Society of London (1869): 21–6. …

From W. C. Tait   13 April 1869

Summary

Insectivorous plants; Drosophyllum lusitanicum.

Descriptions of the local sheep.

Author:  William Chester Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Apr 1869
Classmark:  DAR 178: 46
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6696

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From W.  C.  Tait   13 April 1869
  • … DAR 178: 46 William Chester Tait Oporto 13 Apr 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … C.   Tait, 19 February 1869 . The friend and the lake have not been identified. Post was …
  • … to send it by the monthly packet to Brazil ( Post Office London directory 1869, p.  2277). …
  • … See letter to W.  C.  Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 . Tait had sent plants of Drosophyllum …
  • … and Climbing plants. See letter to W.  C.  Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 . Alexander Rossari …
  • … merchant ( Post Office London directory 1869). He has not been further identified. See …
  • … letter to W.  C.  Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869  and n.  2. Félix de Avellar Brotero. …
  • … See letter to W.  C.  Tait, 7 April [1869] . The plant may have been a Stapelia. …
  • … See letter to W.  C.  Tait, 24 February 1869 , and letter from W.   …
  • … C.  Tait, 5 March 1869 . See letter from W.   …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1869. Post Office London directory : Post-Office …
  • … Oporto April 13 th 1869 Charles Darwin Esq r . Dear Sir, I received your kind letter of …

From J. D. Hooker   [25 January 1869]

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Summary

Does not fact that characters important in systematics are often of no use, corroborate CD’s view that such characters, if not detrimental, may persist ad infinitum?

Social news.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [25 Jan 1869]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 8–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6608

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [25 January 1869] …
  • … DAR 103: 8–9 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [25 Jan 1869] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … not been identified, but on 23 February 1869 a paper ‘The cave cannibals of South Africa’ …
  • … the Ethnological Society of London n.s.  2 (1869–70): 76–80. Layland has not been further …
  • … is to Herbert Spencer. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 18 January 1869  and n.  8. …
  • … Churchill Babington (see n.  7, below). In 1869, the Monday preceding 28 January was 25  …
  • … January. See letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 January 1869 and …
  • … 16 January [1869], and letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 14 [January] 1869  and …
  • … 15 January 1869 . Hooker refers to Charles and Mary Elizabeth Lyell, Susan Ridley Norton, …
  • … as a candidate for the medal in 1868 or 1869 (see Minutes of Council of the Royal Society …
  • … Babington was married on Thursday 28 January 1869 at St James Church, Bury Saint Edmunds, …

From J. D. Hooker   14 November 1869

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Summary

Describes how the offer of C.B. was made. He declined a knighthood. Murchison and Lyell are trying to get him made Knight Commander of the Star of India, but he does not think there is a chance. The Duke [of Argyll?] might do it, but does not like JDH’s Darwinism.

Next Presidency of Royal Society discussed: all (Brodie, the X Club botanists, et al.) are agreed on Lyell.

Everyone is disappointed with Nature.

What did CD think of "Huxley’s rhapsody on Goethe’s ditto" [Nature 1 (1869): 9–11]?

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Nov 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 35—8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6988

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   14 November 1869
  • … DAR 103: 35—8 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 14 Nov 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … What did CD think of "Huxley’ s rhapsody on Goethe’s ditto" [ Nature 1 (1869): 9–11]? …
  • … Hooker, while he was in New Zealand (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 June 1869 , 17  …
  • … July 1869 , and …
  • … 13 August 1869 ). See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 13 November [1869] and n.  13. Hooker was working on The student’s flora of …
  • … British Islands ( J.  D.  Hooker 1870 ); see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 11 March 1869 . …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 November [1869] and n.  2. Hooker refers to Roderick Impey …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 November [1869] and nn.  2 and 3. See also L.  Huxley ed.   …
  • … review of literature, science, and art, established in October 1869 (see letter from …
  • … John Murray, 18 September [1869] ). On the Spectator , see Correspondence vol.  12, letter …
  • … to change the Royal Society president in 1869, see Barton 1990 , p.  64. Hooker refers to …
  • … journal of science’, was dated 4 November 1869. The publisher was Alexander Macmillan. For …

From A. W. Bennett   3 May 1869

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Summary

Sends CD some notes [missing] on the mode of fertilisation of winter-flowering plants, and outlines his conclusions regarding the different types of winter-flowerers and the means by which they are fertilised.

Author:  Alfred William Bennett
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 May 1869
Classmark:  DAR 76: B176–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6724

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From A.  W.  Bennett   3 May 1869
  • … DAR 76: B176–7 Alfred William Bennett Upper Holloway 3 May 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Bennett, Alfred William. 1869. On the fertilisation of winter-flowering …
  • … see the letter from A.  W.  Bennett, 22 April 1869 and n.  1. Euphorbia helioscopia …
  • … amygdaloides is wood spurge (see Bennett 1869 , pp.  12–13). See above, n.  6; ‘Christmas …
  • … the letter from A.  W.  Bennett, 22 April 1869. The notes and drawings that Bennett refers …
  • … On the fertilisation of winter-flowering plants’ on 4 November 1869 in the inaugural …
  • … issue of Nature ( Bennett 1869 ). He discussed …
  • … observations made in the winter of 1868 to 1869. CD’s annotated copy of the article is in …
  • … Road, Upper Holloway | London N. May 3 rd 1869 Dear Sir Tempted by the kindness of your …
  • … is bird’s eye speedwell, and Euphorbia peplus is petty spurge (see Bennett 1869 , p.  11). …
  • … officinalis is common fumitory (see Bennett 1869 , p.  11). Viola odorata is the sweet …
  • … hyemalis is winter aconite (see Bennett 1869 , p.  12). For Bennett’s observations on …

From T. H. Huxley   11 March 1869

Summary

Nothing new in Lushington’s letter. Two paragraphs are offensive – that THH sought to stir up Scotch Presbyterian prejudices against Comte at Edinburgh and that he had not read Comte.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 166: 317
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6654

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   11 March 1869
  • … DAR 166: 317 Thomas Henry Huxley London, Jermyn St 11 Mar 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … in the Fortnightly Review for 1  February 1869 (T.  H.  Huxley 1869a) was based on a talk …
  • … the philosophy of Auguste Comte (see letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 March 1869 and n.  2). …
  • … See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 March 1869 and n.  2. Lushington’s letter has …
  • … Ethnological Society of London met on 9 March 1869 ( Journal of the Ethnological Society …
  • … 9): ix). The Geological Society of London met on 10 March 1869 ( Quarterly Journal of the …
  • … Geological Society of London 25 (1869): 235). …
  • … Huxley was president of both societies in 1869. The paper that …
  • … Jermyn S t March 11 th 1869 My dear Darwin I “know quite enough about M r Vernon …

From J. J. Weir   [1–13] May 1869

Summary

South Down sheep: variability in colouring and patterning of lambs compared with constancy of adult coat.

Author:  John Jenner Weir
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1–13] May 1869
Classmark:  DAR 181: 79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6723

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From J.  J.  Weir   [1–13] May 1869
  • … DAR 181: 79 John Jenner Weir Blackheath [1–13] May 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … inheritance of taillessness in dogs (see letters from W.  C.  Tait, 26 January 1869 and …
  • … 19 February 1869). …
  • … John Murray. 1868. Weir, John Jenner. 1869. On insects and insectivorous birds; and …
  • … the letter to J.  J.  Weir, 13 May [1869] . Weir refers to ‘On insects and insectivorous …
  • … and the edibility of Lepidoptera and their larvae’ ( Weir 1869 ), which was published …
  • … in the April 1869 issue of Transactions of the Entomological Society of London. Alfred …
  • … see letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 10 March 1869  and nn.  2 and 3). Weir refers to hills …
  • … and the edibility of Lepidoptera and their larvae. [Read 1 March 1869. ] Transactions …
  • … of the Entomological Society of London (1869): 21–6. …
  • … 6 Haddo Villas | Blackheath SE May 1869 My Dear Sir I send by this days post a copy of a …

From R. F. Cooke   23 February 1869

Summary

Estimates cost of F. Müller’s Facts and arguments for Darwin at £86 for 750 copies, less than £10 extra for 1000.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Feb 1869
Classmark:  DAR 171: 365
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6629

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   23 February 1869
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 23 Feb 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter from R.  F.  Cooke, 22 February 1869 . Cooke refers to the English translation …
  • … of Fritz Müller’s Für Darwin (F.  Müller 1864a; Dallas trans.  1869). Facts and arguments …
  • … for Darwin (Dallas trans.  1869) was published …
  • … in March 1869; the retail price was 6 s. ( …
  • … Publishers’ Circular , 1 April 1869, p.  201). …

From John Murray   17 November 1869

Summary

JM reports sales of Facts and arguments for Darwin, Variation, and Origin [5th ed.].

Sends best wishes for success in putting down "Parisian blasphemers".

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Nov 1869
Classmark:  DAR 171: 374
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6992

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From John Murray   17 November 1869
  • … DAR 171: 374 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50 17 Nov 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … The Monday before 17 1869 November was 15 November. …
  • … No letter to Murray of 15 November 1869 has been found. The references are to William …
  • … of F.  Müller 1864a (Dallas trans.  1869), Variation , and the fifth edition of Origin. …
  • … See letter to John Murray, 8 November [1869] . …
  • … 50, Albemarle S t . | W. Nov r 17— 1869. — My Dear Sir I have attended to the requests of …

From T. H. Farrer   28 November 1869

Summary

Agrees that it is wise to delay [publishing?] on Passiflora.

Puts queries he wants CD to send [to Fritz Müller] on bees visiting flowers in winter.

Author:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Nov 1869
Classmark:  DAR 164: 61
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7015

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Farrer   28 November 1869
  • … furze). Farrer also commented on Sprengel 1793  in his letters of 13 October 1869 and …
  • … 17 October 1869. …
  • … 61 Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer Abinger Hall 28 Nov 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Letter to T.  H.  Farrer, [27 November 1869] . Farrer is evidently referring to CD’s ‘ …
  • … see letter to T.  H.  Farrer, [27 November 1869] . For Farrer’s thoughts on Passiflora and …
  • … Tacsonia , see the letters from T.  H.  Farrer, 13 October 1869  and …
  • … 27 October 1869 . For Joseph Dalton Hooker and George Bentham’s list of species in the ‘ …
  • … In his letter to Farrer of [27 November 1869], CD enclosed an extract from a letter from …
  • … to letter to T.  H.  Farrer, [27 November 1869] . Ulex europaeus , the common gorse, or …

From T. H. Huxley   28 September 1869

Summary

Will do his best on the tooth [sent by CD] but does not put much weight on conclusions based on a single tooth of a horse.

Darwin attacked by three clergymen at BAAS meeting [Exeter, 1869].

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Sept 1869
Classmark:  DAR 166: 321
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6914

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   28 September 1869
  • … DAR 166: 321 Thomas Henry Huxley London, Jermyn St 28 Sept 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 September 1869  and n.  4. …
  • … was all they were worth— Ever | Yours faithfully | T.  H.  Huxley Jermyn S Sep.  28. 1869
  • … tooth of a horse. Darwin attacked by three clergymen at BAAS meeting [Exeter, 1869]. …
  • … See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 21 September [1869] . The Darwins stayed at …
  • … Barmouth, Wales, from 12 June to 30 July 1869 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Huxley …
  • … summarised in the Athenæum , 4 September 1869, p.  309. For Huxley’s dispute with McCann, …

From A. R. Wallace   20 October 1869

Summary

Looks forward to Descent, though he expects to find more to differ with than in any other of CD’s books.

Problems of usefulness of incipient organs and of the independent origin of similar complex organs are real difficulties.

Plans a little book on "Distribution of animals".

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Oct 1869
Classmark:  DAR 106: B86–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6949

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   20 October 1869
  • … 7 Alfred Russel Wallace London, St Mark’s Crescent, 9 20 Oct 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Caerdeon, Barmouth, Wales, in June and July 1869 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  17, …
  • … Bibliography Challis, James. 1869. Notes on the principles of pure and applied …
  • … John Murray. 1871. Murphy, Joseph John. 1869. Habit and intelligence in their connexion …
  • … 9, St. Mark’s Crescent, N.W. Oct r . 20th.  1869. Dear Darwin I do not know your son’s (Mr …
  • … of mathematical principles to theories of the physical forces ( Challis 1869 ). George’ …
  • … s response to Wallace, dated 23 October 1869, is in the British Library (Add.46434, f.   …
  • … 191). The reference is to Descent (see Academy 1 (1869–70): 15–16). …
  • … The notice appeared in the 9 October 1869 issue under the heading ‘Scientific notes’ and …
  • … and expression of the emotions. Wallace refers to Joseph John Murphy and Murphy 1869 . …
  • … Wallace reviewed Murphy 1869  in the …
  • … 25 November 1869 issue of Nature (Wallace 1869d). The unsigned article, ‘Difficulties of …
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Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition …
  • … that is something’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [22 January 1869] ). Much of the remainder of …
  • … to be the case’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 January 1869 ). Hooker went straight to a crucial …
  • … probable’ (see also letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 January [1869] , and letter from A. R. Wallace, …
  • … in distribution’ ( letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] ). Darwin had argued ( Origin , pp. …
  • … formation’ ( letter to James Croll,  31 January [1869] ). Croll could not supply Darwin with an …
  • … have got that yet’ ( letter from James Croll, 4 February 1869 ).  Darwin did not directly …
  • … towards [Thomson]’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 19 March [1869] ). Towards Descent …
  • … ‘everlasting old Origin’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 1 June [1869] ), he was able to return to work on  …
  • … ( letter from Robert Elliot to George Cupples, 21 June 1869 ).  Details on mating behaviour …
  • … in the garden ( letter from Frederick Smith, 8 October 1869 ). Albert Günther, assistant in the …
  • … varieties ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 25 February [1869] ). The data contined to …
  • … cocks & hens.—’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 November [1869] ). Yet completion of the work was …
  • … for  Descent . Researching emotion In 1869, Darwin still expected that  Descent …
  • … hatred—’ ( from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May [1869] ). James Crichton-Browne and …
  • … ( enclosure to letter from Henry Maudsley, 20 May 1869 ). Darwin had often complained of the …
  • … in regard to Man’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ).  More remarkable still were Wallace …
  • … seem to you like some mental hallucination’ ( 18 April 1869 ). Since his marriage to Annie …
  • …  (Wallace 1869a; letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 March [1869] ), and scolded him for again being too …
  • … demands justice’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). Proceeding on all fronts …
  • … South American cordillera ( letter to Charles Lyell, 20 May 1869 ), and fossil discoveries in …
  • … investigated in depth ( letter from C. F. Claus, 6 February 1869 ). In a letter to the  Gardeners …
  • … of the soil ( letter to  Gardeners’ Chronicle , 9 May [1869] ). In March, Darwin received …
  • … in the early 1860s ( letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 ). This research contributed to  …
  • … editions ( see letter from Victor Masson, 29 September 1869 ). The work had been undertaken, like …
  • … Animals”’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 19 November [1869] ). Angered by these proceedings, Darwin …
  • … of Fritz Müller’s  Für Darwin  (Dallas trans. 1869). The book, an explication of Darwinian …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Crichton-Browne, James 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 19 May 1869 West Riding …
  • … Gray, Asa 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Jane 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Asa 8 & 9 May 1869 Florence, Italy (about …
  • … King, P.G. 25 Feb 1869 Sydney, Australia …
  • … Maudsley, Henry 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 17 Jan 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 28 June [1869] Sierra Leone, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 26 Dec 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Scott, John 2 July 1869 Royal Botanic Gardens, …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 6736 - Gray, A. & J. L to Darwin, [8 & 9 May 1869] Jane Loring Gray, …
  • … Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … Letter 6815 - Scott, J. to Darwin, [2 July 1869] John Scott responds to Darwin’s …
  • …  - Darwin to  Gunther, A. C. L. G., [21 September 1869] Darwin asks Gunther for “a great …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … (letter from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May 1869 ) Darwin cited Gray’s …
  • … their year long trip to Europe and North Africa in 1868 to 1869, the Grays visited Charles and Emma …
  • … 1868, and visiting again on their return journey in August 1869. Although they never met again, the …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … standard of science’ ( to Charles Layton, 24 November [1869] ). From the 3 rd edition on …
  • … published, 1866 5 th English edition published, 1869 6 th English edition …
  • … on the fifth edition from Boxing Day 1868 until February 1869.  Among the changes were stories about …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Becker tells Darwin that …
  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. L. B., [8 November, 1869] Darwin writes to feminist …
  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Suffragist and …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work on human expression. Donders visited Darwin in 1869 , and a year later Darwin consoled him …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … comprised two halves kept at different temperatures, and in 1869 Darwin told the botanist William …
  • … temperatures’ (letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March [1869] ,  Calendar  no. 6661). …

Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … vol. 17, letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). His views were presented more fully in a …
  • … comparative anatomist through his work on primates. In July 1869, Mivart published the first of a …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. B., [8 November 1869] Darwin thanks Antoinette …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … " Letter 6728 : from Charles Lyell, 5 May 1869 "I feel that …
  • … Letter 6866 : From Federico Delpino, 22 August 1869 "Perhaps because of intellectual …

John Beddoe

Summary

In 1869, when gathering data on sexual selection in humans, Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with John Beddoe, a doctor in Bristol. He was looking for evidence that racial differences that appear to have no benefit in terms of survival - and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1869 Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with a John Beddoe, a doctor in …

Suggested reading

Summary

  Contemporary writing Anon., The English matron: A practical manual for young wives, (London, 1846). Anon., The English gentlewoman: A practical manual for young ladies on their entrance to society, (Third edition, London, 1846). Becker, L. E.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … A. L. B.,  Studies in general science , (New York, 1869). Buckley, A.,  The fairy-land …
  • … M.,  On molecular and microscopic science ,  (London, 1869). Treat, M., ‘ Is the valve …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … himself an injustice & never demands justice” (14 April 1869). But Wallace continued, both …
  • … about the application of natural selection to ‘man’ in 1869, and looked instead to a ‘higher …
  • … investigation (see letter from A. R. Wallace, 18 April [1869]). Wallace’s views on man were also …
  • … the “great General” (letter to Charles Kingsley, 7 May 1869). In later years when Darwin reflected …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … was later expanded into the book, Hereditary Genius (1869), which contained an entry on the …

6430_10256

Summary

From Sven Nilsson to J. D. Hookerf1   25 October 1868Lund (Suède)25 Okt. 1868.Monsieur le Professeur! J’ai écrit à deux de mes amis qui ont des connaissances personnelles à la Lapponie, pour avoir les…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …
  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …

About the project

Summary

On this site you can read and search the full texts of more than 7,500 of Charles Darwin’s letters, and find information on 7,500 more. Available here are complete transcripts of all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are being added all the time. …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down …

Family life

Summary

From the long letters exchanged with his sisters during the Beagle voyage, through correspondence about his marriage to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, the births—and deaths—of their children, to the  contributions of his sons and daughters  to his scientific…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … From the long letters exchanged with his sisters during the  Beagle  voyage, through …

Interview with John Hedley Brooke

Summary

John Hedley Brooke is President of the Science and Religion Forum as well as the author of the influential Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives (Cambridge University Press, 1991). He has had a long career in the history of science and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … in spiritualism. He first writes to Darwin about this in 1869, and this is exactly the same time …
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