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From B. J. Sulivan   16 August [1867]

Summary

Discusses a rare shell found by BJS on the Beagle voyage, an account of which has just been written by Davidson [possibly in Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 3d ser. 20 (1867): 81–3].

Author:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Aug [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 289
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5607

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From B.  J.  Sulivan   16 August [1867] …
  • … DAR 177: 289 Bartholomew James Sulivan Bournemouth 16 Aug [1867] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … been written by Davidson [possibly in Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 3d ser. 20 (1867): 81–3]. …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Davidson, Thomas. 1867. On Waldheimia venosa , Solander, sp. …
  • … The year is established by the reference to Davidson 1867 (see n.  2, below). …
  • … No record of Sulivan’s meeting CD in August 1867 has been found. Sulivan refers to a shell …
  • … venosa , Solander, sp. ’ ( Davidson 1867 ). The genus name Waldheimia was replaced by …
  • … Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. See Davidson 1867 , p.  83. Sulivan had been lieutenant on …
  • … alive in 1843 or 1844 ( Davidson 1867 , p.  81). Sulivan refers to the Palaeontographical …

To James Samuelson   12 October [1867]

Summary

Thanks for Quarterly Journal of Science 4 (1867). Has just read Wallace’s admirable article in last number ["Creation by law", Q. J. Sci. 4 (1867): 471–88]. He is a master of clear argument.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Samuelson
Date:  12 Oct [1867]
Classmark:  Paul V. Galvin Library, Illinois Institute of Technology
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5647

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To James Samuelson   12 October [1867] …
  • … For more on the article, see the letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] . …
  • … Illinois Institute of Technology Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Oct [1867] James Samuelson …
  • … for Quarterly Journal of Science 4 (1867). Has just read Wallace’s admirable article in …
  • … number ["Creation by law", Q. J. Sci. 4 (1867): 471–88]. He is a master of clear argument. …
  • … Journal of Science , which was published in 1867. Samuelson was the founder and co-editor …

To J. V. Carus   4 November [1867]

Summary

Sends corrected title of Variation and report of progress in printing.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  4 Nov [1867]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 51)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5669

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   4 November [1867] …
  • … 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 51) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Nov [1867] Julius Victor Carus …
  • … letter from J.  V.  Carus, 30 October 1867 ). Proof-sheets of Variation were being sent to …
  • … him to translate (see also letter to J.  V.  Carus, 19 October [1867] , and letter from …
  • … John Murray, 23 September [1867] ). …
  • … and the letter from J.  V.  Carus, 30 October 1867 . The enclosure has not been found. See …
  • … letter from J.  V.  Carus, 30 October 1867 . For the approved version of the …
  • … see the letter to John Murray, 19 October [1867] . Carus had offered to write a short …

To Robert Swinhoe   [27 February 1867]

Summary

CD’s queries on expression as reprinted in Notes and Queries on China and Japan 1 (1867): 105.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Swinhoe
Date:  [27 Feb 1867]
Classmark:  Notes and Queries on China and Japan 1 (1867): 105
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5423F

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Robert Swinhoe   [27 February 1867] …
  • … Notes and Queries on China and Japan 1 (1867): 105 Charles Robert …
  • … Darwin [27 Feb 1867] Robert Swinhoe …
  • … queries on expression as reprinted in Notes and Queries on China and Japan 1 (1867): 105. …
  • … Beneath the queries was printed, ‘Amoy, July, 1867. R.S. ’ No replies were published. …
  • … the letter from Robert Swinhoe, 5 August 1867 , of a letter to Swinhoe (now missing) dated …
  • … also letter to Fritz Müller, 22 February [1867] and n.  13. The letter and its original …
  • … and Queries on China and Japan , 31 August 1867; the transcript has been made from that …

To J. D. Hooker   21 January [1867]

Summary

On recent instalment of "Insular floras" in Gardeners’ Chronicle [(1867): 50]. Approves of JDH’s abstract of argument for transport of species [i.e., migration, as opposed to continental extension hypothesis].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5373

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   21 January [1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 7 Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Jan [1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … of "Insular floras" in Gardeners’ Chronicle [(1867): 50]. Approves of JDH’s abstract of …
  • … D.  Hooker 1866a) in the Gardeners’ Chronicle , 19 January 1867, pp.  50–1. See also the …
  • … letters to J.  D. Hooker, 9 January [1867] and …
  • … 15 January [1867], for his comments on the first and second instalments. In summarising …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker 1866a, p.  51). In his 1867 pamphlet (see n.  1, above), Hooker made CD’s …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867], n.  2), Hooker changed ‘the commonest of …

To J. V. Carus   22 January [1867]

Summary

Answers JVC’s questions about the rock-thrush, the tortoise-shell cat, and the logger-headed duck.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  22 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 64–65)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5375

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   22 January [1867] …
  • … Darwin, Charles, Bl. 64–65) Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Jan [1867] Julius Victor Carus …
  • … brachypterus)’ (see Bronn and Carus trans.  1867, p.  369). The modern name for this bird …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  V.  Carus, 18 January 1867. See letter from J.   …
  • … V.  Carus, 18 January 1867 and nn.  2 and 3. In spite of CD’s information, Carus …
  • … not include a scientific name (see Bronn and Carus trans.  1867, p.  113). See letter from …
  • … J.   V.  Carus, 18 January 1867 and n.  4. Carus described the cat as ‘gelb, …
  • … black, and white spotted’; see Bronn and Carus trans.  1867, p.  182). See letter from …
  • … J.  V.  Carus, 18 January 1867 and n.  5. CD refers to Carl von Linné and to Thomas …

From W. E. Darwin   26 March [1867]

Summary

Sends CD a Cardigan Jacket, ‘one of the most delightful inventions of the age’.

Discusses the Duke of Argyll.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 27)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5460F

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   26 March [1867] …
  • … DAR 275: 27) William Erasmus Darwin Southampton 26 Mar [1867] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … fever at 4’ (see also Correspondence vol. 15, letter to W. E. Darwin, 27 [March 1867]). …
  • … was published at the beginning of March 1867 (see n. 3, below). The cardigan (a knitted …
  • … George Douglas Campbell, had just been published (Campbell 1867; Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 15 March 1867, p. 149). …
  • … a chapter entitled ‘Creation by law’ (Campbell 1867, pp. 217–94), Campbell gave a critique …
  • … law that promoted beauty and variety of form (Campbell 1867, pp. 242–9). According to …
  • … returned to Down from school on 16 March 1867 with a fever, and began taking quinine on 1 …

To John Murray   6 August [1867]

Summary

Sends the four volumes [of Brehm’s Thierleben] for Murray’s consideration.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  6 Aug [1867]
Classmark:  S. J. Hessel (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5599

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Murray   6 August [1867] …
  • … S. J. Hessel (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 Aug [1867] John Murray …
  • … and the letter from John Murray, 5 August [1867] . CD had recommended Brehm et al. 1864–9, …
  • … publisher, for translation. See letter from H.  J.  Meyer, 30 July 1867, letter to John …
  • … Murray, 4 August [1867] , and letter from …
  • … John Murray, 5 August [1867] and n.  3. …

From William Houghton   18 October 1867

Summary

Studying freshwater Planariae. Did CD find they had nervous systems?

News of T. C. Eyton and [William?] Owen.

Author:  William Houghton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Oct 1867
Classmark:  DAR 166: 271
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5652

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From William Houghton   18 October 1867
  • … DAR 166: 271 William Houghton Wellington, Salop 18 Oct 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Press. 1985–. Eyton, Thomas Campbell. 1867–75. Osteologia avium; or, a sketch of the …
  • … Salop. : R. Hobson. Huxley, Thomas Henry. 1867. On the classification of birds; and on the …
  • … paper on bird classification read in April 1867, Huxley had briefly discussed the species …
  • … an incomplete skull to study ( T.  H.  Huxley 1867 , p.  435). Eyton later provided Huxley …
  • … certain of the cranial bones observable in that class. [Read 11 April 1867. ] Proceedings …
  • … of the Zoological Society of London (1867): 415–72. Journal of researches : Journal of …
  • … CD visited London in late November 1867 and in March 1868 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence …
  • … II). The main part of Thomas Campbell Eyton’s Osteologia avium ( Eyton 1867–75 ) was …
  • … published in 1867. A supplement was published in 1869 and a second supplement in three …

To Carl Wilhelm von Nägeli   [after 8 April 1867]

Summary

Thanks for his long letter on morphological laws.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Carl Wilhelm von Nägeli
Date:  [after 8 Apr 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 173: 33v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5496

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Carl Wilhelm von Nägeli   [after 8 April 1867] …
  • … DAR 173: 33v Charles Robert Darwin Down [after 8 Apr 1867] Carl Wilhelm von Nägeli …
  • … letter to J.  D.   Hooker, 5 April [1867] ), and in Hooker’s absence CD’s letter was …
  • … Oliver ( letter from Daniel Oliver, 8 April 1867 ). CD may have offered to send a copy of …
  • … was drafted on the back of the letter from Daniel Oliver, 8 April 1867 . For a draft …
  • … summary of Nägeli’s letter of 31 March 1867 , see Correspondence vol. 24, Supplement. See …
  • … also the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 April [1867] . The lecture has not been identified or …
  • … the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 April [1867] , n.  1. The photograph has not been found in …

To J. J. Moulinié   30 November [1867]

Summary

Glad that Reinwald does not intend separate publication of [Variation] volumes. Book had large sale at [Murray’s] auction.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jean Jacques Moulinié
Date:  30 Nov [1867]
Classmark:  Bibliothèque de Genève (Ms suppl. 66, ff. 3–4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5699

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  J.  Moulinié   30 November [1867] …
  • … V.  Carus, 14 November [1867] and n.  6. …
  • … Robert Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 Down letterhead 30 Nov [1867] Jean Jacques Moulinié …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  J.  Moulinié, 25 November 1867 . Letter from J.   …
  • … J.  Moulinié, 25 November 1867 . CD refers to Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald and to the French …
  • … 1868). See letter from J.  J.  Moulinié, 25 November 1867 . See also letter to J.   …

To Charles Kingsley   13 December [1867]

Summary

Discusses the reception of CD’s views at Cambridge and elsewhere.

Variation delayed by the index, but will appear at the end of the year.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Kingsley
Date:  13 Dec [1867]
Classmark:  Quaritch (dealers)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5728F

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Charles Kingsley   13 December [1867] …
  • … Quaritch (dealers) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 Dec [1867] Charles Kingsley …
  • … CD’s theory in Germany, see also the letter from C.  L.  Brace, 14 November 1867 , n.  6. …
  • … Charles Lyell. [Beverley] 1867 ; there is a copy in the Darwin Library–Down. Kingsley …
  • … Beverley, Robert Mackenzie. ] 1867. The Darwinian theory of the transmutation of species …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter from Charles Kingsley, 11 December 1867 . …
  • … Letter from Charles Kingsley, 11 December 1867 . The Royal School of Mines, the Geological …
  • … 1920 , p.  vii). In his letter of 12 May 1867 , Ernst Haeckel expressed the view that CD’s …

From J. D. Hooker   19 November 1867

thumbnail

Summary

Will not be inclined to challenge Pangenesis.

Admits CD’s victory over JDH’s continental hypothesis (but will not give up Greenland).

Relation of variation to circumstances is shown by discovery of endemic St Helena umbellifer having same palm-like habit as an endemic Madeiran species.

Has completed Boott’s Carices [Illustrations of the genus Carex, pt 4 (1867)],

is printing W. H. Harvey’s work [Genera of South African plants, 2d ed. (1868)],

and is revising English edition of Alphonse de Candolle’s Laws of botanical nomenclature [trans. H. A. Weddell (1868)].

Arrangements at Kew. Gardener [John Smith] is very ill; Oliver reigns supreme in the Herbarium.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Nov 1867
Classmark:  DAR 102: 182–4, DAR 47: 191
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5683

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   19 November 1867
  • … DAR 102: 182–4, DAR 47: 191 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 19 Nov 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … had recently been published ( Fouqué 1867 ). Hooker refers to the Genera plantarum ( …
  • … in Bentham 1883 . CD’s annotations are for his letter to Hooker of 25 November [1867]. …
  • … Illustrations of the genus Carex , pt 4 (1867)], is printing W. H. Harvey’s work [ Genera …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 November [1867] . Charles Lyell. CD had asked Hooker’s …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 November [1867] and n.  3). The humble Uriah Heep in Charles …
  • … 4.5 Oliver … advice.  9.3] ‘Nov.  19 th 1867— Laws of Variation’ added ink 5.1 I shall …  …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 31 March 1867 ). Wright later described several Seychelles …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 November [1867] and nn.  8 and 9. Friedrich Heinrich Karl …
  • … Friedrich Heinrich Karl, Baron de la Motte. 1867. Sintram and his companions. A northern …
  • … had been adopted at the international botanical congress held in Paris in August 1867 ( …
  • … Candolle 1867). The English translation, Laws of botanical …
  • … botanical congress held at Paris in August, 1867 , was published in 1868 by L.   Reeve & …
  • … n.  1. Hooker visited Down on 21 December 1867 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Leonard …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February  1867 ). The umbellifer endemic to St Helena is …

From John Murray   9 January [1867]

Summary

CD should not be discouraged by the bulk of Variation. CD’s suggestion to print technical details in small type is good.

Murray has sent MS to a "man of letters and good information" as an experiment to test its effect. Has no intention of throwing up publication.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 343
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5354

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From John Murray   9 January [1867] …
  • … DAR 171: 343 John Murray London, Albemarle St 9 Jan [1867] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Sons was the firm printing Variation (see letter from John Murray, 2 January [1867] ). …
  • … letter and the letter to John Murray, 8 January [1867] . The reference is to Variation. …
  • … See letter to John Murray, 8 January [1867] and n.  1. CD had expressed his annoyance …
  • … for his most recent comment, see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867]. See …
  • … letter to John Murray, 8 January [1867] . Murray’s reader was John Milton, an accountant ( …

To W. B. Tegetmeier   30 March [1867]

Summary

Believes beauty of male bird important for attracting mate in wild. Will be interested to hear how a dyed male pigeon is received by the hens.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  30 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5475

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To W.  B.  Tegetmeier   30 March [1867] …
  • … 21 February [1868] ). See letter from W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 29 March 1867  and n.  3. …
  • … Cox Collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Mar [1867] William Bernhard Tegetmeier …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter from W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 29 March 1867 . …
  • … In his letter of 29 March 1867 , Tegetmeier had offered to publish a query in the Field as …
  • … No such query has been found in the Field between March and May 1867. See letter from W.   …
  • … B.  Tegetmeier, 29 March 1867 ; CD noted Tegetmeier’s opinion about the trimmed gamecock …
  • … See letter from W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 29 March 1867 . CD recorded in Descent 2: 118 that …
  • … see letter to W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 4 August [1867] , and Correspondence vol.  16, letter to …

To Alfred Russel Wallace   23 February 1867

Summary

Asks why caterpillars are sometimes beautifully coloured. It poses a problem for view that sexual selection is the explanation of colours of male butterflies.

More on mimetic butterflies.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  23 Feb 1867
Classmark:  Marchant ed. 1916, 1: 178
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5415

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To Alfred Russel Wallace   23 February 1867
  • … Marchant ed. 1916, 1: 178 Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Feb 1867 Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … exhibition (see letter from A.  R.  Wallace, [19 June 1867] and n.  3, and A.  R.   …
  • … Wallace 1905 , 1: 404). See also letter to Edward Blyth, [19 February 1867] . …
  • … Henry Walter Bates. In a note dated 18 February 1867, CD wrote that Bates had observed a …
  • … Down, Bromley, Kent, S.E. February 23, 1867. Dear Wallace,— I much regretted that I was …
  • … letter to Alfred Newton, 19 January [1867] ). CD and Wallace evidently had a discussion on …
  • … see letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 29 April [1867] and n.  6). In 1862, Wallace had returned …
  • … in sexual selection, see the letter to Fritz Müller, 22 February [1867] and n.  8. …
  • … also letter from Alfred Newton, 21 January 1867  and n.  8. The first extant letter from …

To A. R. Wallace   7 March [1867]

Summary

Grateful for addresses of informants, especially that of Rajah James Brooke.

Dispatch of queries on expression. Answers will make interesting appendix to his "Essay on man" [Descent].

Protective adaptation of female butterflies believed probable.

Believes in sexual selection as applied to man.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  7 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add 46434 ff. 20–20v)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5992

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   7 March [1867] …
  • … Add 46434 ff. 20–20v) Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 Mar [1867] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … year after Descent. See letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 2 March [1867] and n.  3. See letter …
  • … from A.  R.  Wallace, 2 March [1867] and nn.  7–10. …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 2 March [1867] . …
  • … In his letter of 2 March [1867] , Wallace sent two addresses for CD, including that of …
  • … from Ferdinand von Mueller, 28 February [1867]. Expression was ultimately published in …

From Carl Vogt   17 April 1867

Summary

Will send CD a memoir on Les microcéphales [1867]; CV believes microcephalism is an atavistic abnormality.

Recommends H. von Nathusius’ work on domestic pig [Die Racen des Schweines (1860)].

Author:  Carl Vogt
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Apr 1867
Classmark:  DAR 180: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5505

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From Carl Vogt    17 April 1867
  • … DAR 180: 11 Carl Vogt Geneva 17 Apr 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … send CD a memoir on Les microcéphales [1867]; CV believes microcephalism is an atavistic …
  • … Genève ce 17 Avril | 1867. Monsieur et cher Maître! Ci-jointe, mirant votre désir, une …
  • … Geneva 17 April | 1867 Dear Sir and Master, Enclosed is a photograph as you wished. I …
  • … s photograph in his letter to Vogt of 12 April [1867]; it has not been found in the Darwin …
  • … London: John Murray. 1868. Vogt, Carl. 1867. Mémoire sur les microcéphales ou hommes- …
  • … it in his letter to Vogt of 7 August [1867]. Vogt assembled a collection of microcephalic …
  • … Institut Genevois in June 1866 ( C.  Vogt 1867 , p.  4), near the time of the Seven Weeks …
  • … with his letter to Vogt of 12 April [1867]. Parker, an American Unitarian theologian, …
  • … Mémoire sur les microcéphales ( C.  Vogt 1867 ); there is an inscribed, annotated copy in …

From Charles Lyell   4 August 1867

Summary

Comments on proof-sheets of Variation.

His revisions of Principles of geology, 10th ed.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Aug 1867
Classmark:  K. M. Lyell ed. 1881, 2: 415–16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5595

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Charles Lyell   4 August 1867
  • … 415–16 Charles Lyell, 1st baronet London, Harley St, 73 4 Aug 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and the New Zealand earthquake of 1855, see C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 2: 69–71 and 82–9. …
  • … See C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 2: 230–2, 209–13. …
  • … universelle , held from 1 April to 31 October 1867 ( Mainardi 1987 , p.  129); see K.   …
  • … see letter to Charles Lyell, 18 July [1867] ). CD had described Origin as an abstract for …
  • … of London 148: 703–86. Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern changes …
  • … the universal expositions of 1855 and 1867. New Haven, Conn. , and London: Yale University …
  • … 73 Harley Street: August 4, 1867. My dear Darwin,— I must write a word before starting to- …
  • … edition of Principles of geology ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 2: 1–47). The ninth edition had been …

Herzenstein, Ulrich. 1867. Zur Physiologie der Thränensecretion. Archiv für Anatomie, Physiologie und wissenschaftliche Medicin (1867): 651–67.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Herzenstein, Ulrich. 1867. Zur Physiologie der Thränensecretion. …
  • … Anatomie, Physiologie und wissenschaftliche Medicin (1867): 651–67. WBB4 Q304.c.9.62 18 …
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Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 30 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work,  The …
  • … publisher in the final week of 1866. It would take all of 1867 to correct proofs, and just when …
  • … becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in 1867, as he continued to circulate a list of …
  • … transmutation theory. Three important new correspondents in 1867 were Hermann Müller and Anton Dohrn …
  • … the New Year’s greeting, ‘may you be eupeptic through 1867 & your friends & the world in …
  • … publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 January 1867 , ‘I cannot tell you how sorry I am …
  • … for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A week later, Darwin had …
  • … the additional chapter. In a letter written on 8 February [1867] to his close friend, Joseph …
  • … Darwin’s time. The first proof-sheets arrived on 1 March 1867 and the tedious work of correction …
  • … . In a letter to his son William dated 27 [March 1867] , he admitted, ‘I fear the book is by no …
  • … papers with his first letter to Darwin of 15 March 1867 , although he described some of Alexander …
  • … told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April [1867] , not to send stereotypes of the …
  • … had received other offers, notably one from Vogt in April 1867, to translate the new work. Carus had …
  • … will be published’ ( letter from J. V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). This hint of uncertainty caused …
  • … to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not have worried …
  • … to the German public ( letter from J. V. Carus, 15 April 1867 ). Darwin may not have fully …
  • … in preference to you’ ( letter to J. V. Carus, 18 April [1867] ). Darwin was not disappointed in …
  • … the ‘wonderful discovery’ to Darwin on 14 March 1867 . Then, in April, Robert Trail wrote from …
  • … in a mottled hybrid ( letter from Robert Trail, 5 April 1867 ). Darwin told his American friend …
  • … physiological fact’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Although he did not succeed in …
  • … step in Biology’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 22 August [1867] ). Darwin’s insecurity persisted, …
  • … ferocity’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 17 November [1867] ). Even when the corrections were …
  • … to be introduced’ ( letter to W. S. Dallas, 8 November [1867] ). Dallas resisted the temptation to …
  • … as I could wish’ (letter from W. S. Dallas, 20 November 1867). Dallas, like Carus, alerted Darwin to …
  • … for information on Fuegian expressions. On 11 January 1867, Sulivan replied , enclosing belated …
  • … 27 years old In a letter of 22 February [1867] to Fritz Müller in Brazil, in which …
  • … Russel Wallace, who suggested in his response of 11 March [1867] that Darwin send his queries to …
  • … ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in pursuing answers to his …
  • … so do not want any more’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Nevertheless, at some point …
  • … in  Notes and Queries on China and Japan , 31 August 1867. Another version, possibly derived from …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to …
  • … Barber, Mary E. [after Feb 1867] [Grahamstown, Cape …
  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Bowman, William 5 Aug 1867 5 Clifford St, London, …
  • … Darwin, Francis 20 June 1867 Unknown? …
  • … Erskine, H. N. B. 1 Nov 1867 [Ahmednuggur, Bombay, …
  • … Gaika, Christian 7 July 1867 Bedford [Cape of Good …
  • … Geach, F.F. June 1867 Johore, Malaysia …
  • … Gibbs, George 31 March 1867 Smithsonian Institution, …
  • … Gray, Asa 26 March 1867 Cambridge, Massachusetts, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Huxley, H.A. 22 Mar [1867] Abbey Place, London, …
  • … Kempson, L.F. 20 June 1867 Penmaenmawr, Conway, …
  • … Lubbock, E.F. [1867-8?] Lombard Street, London? …
  • … Muller, Fritz 22 Feb [1867] Down, Kent, England …
  • … Paget, James 9 July 1867 1 Harewood Place, Hanover …
  • … Rothrock, J.T. 31 March 1867 McVeytown [Pennsylvania …
  • … Stack, James West 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Sulivan, B.J. 11 Jan 1867 Bournemouth, England …
  • … Sutton, Seth 8 Aug 1867 Zoological Gardens, Regents …
  • … Swinhoe, Robert 5 Aug 1867 Amoy, China …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 2 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent, …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 11 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. 7 July 1867 Bedford, Cape of Good Hope …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Sunday to Mahomet.   ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ) The most striking …
  • … 'not a little in the dark' ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ). Trouble with the …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber responds to …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [8 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece, …
  • … Letter 5602 - Sutton, S. to Darwin, [8 August 1867] Sutton, the keeper of the …
  • … 5705 - Haast, J. F. J. von to Darwin, [4 December 1867] Explorer and geologist Haast …
  • … Letter 5585  - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [26 July 1867] Darwin praises Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 5403  - Darwin to Carus,  J. V.  [17 February 1867] Darwin thanks Carus for his …
  • … 5410  - Darwin to Muller, J. F. T., [22 February 1867] Darwin thanks Muller for …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug [1867] Darwin asks Fritz Müller, a …

Edward Lumb

Summary

Edward Lumb was born in Yorkshire. According to the memoirs of his daughter Anne, Lady Macdonell, he travelled to Buenos Aires aged sixteen with his merchant uncle, Charles Poynton, and after some fortunate enterprises set up in business there. In 1833…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … still at Buenos Aires, or even still alive. However, in 1867 Darwin’s son, William, went to the …
  • … persuaded her husband to go back to Buenos Aires in October 1867. However, they had eventually …

A tale of two bees

Summary

Darwinian evolution theory fundamentally changed the way we understand the environment and even led to the coining of the word 'ecology'. Darwin was fascinated by bees: he devised experiments to study the comb-building technique of honey bees and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … much ahead of his time when, in a letter to Darwin in 1867 , he commented on Edward Wilson’s plan …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7312 - Darwin to Darwin, F., [30 August 1867 - 70] Darwin asks his son, …
  • … Letter 5391 - Becker, L. E. to Darwin, [6 February 1867] Lydia Becker thanks Darwin …
  • … Letter 5712 - Dallas, W. S. to Darwin, [8 December 1867] Translator and author …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Variation under domestication,  neared completion in 1867, that he systematically sought more …
  • … Typical is his query to Fritz Müller in  February 1867 : Do you know of any lowly …
  • … as an argument in favour of Divine creation (Campbell  1867, pp. 203–4). Brent gave it as his …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Letter 5457 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Mar 1867 Müller explains how Origin …
  • … 5471 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, H. L. H., 29 Mar [1867] Darwin learns that German botanist …
  • … Letter 5481 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr [1867] Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5657 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Oct 1867 Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5585 — Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, H. E., 26 July [1867] Darwin writes to his daughter …
  • … Letter 5745 — Barber, M. E. to Darwin, C. R., [after Feb 1867] In this letter, naturalist, …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 5429 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 4 Mar 1867 Müller reports observations on …
  • … Letter 5480 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr 1867 Müller cites cases of difference …
  • … 5551 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 26 May [1867] Darwin thanks Müller for information …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7060 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, [1867 - 72] Darwin’s niece, Frances, …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [9 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece to …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 5500 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 12 Apr [1867] Darwin is sympathetic to Haeckel’s …
  • … Letter 5533 — Haeckel, E. P. A. to Darwin, C. R., 12 May 1867 Haeckel thanks Darwin for the …
  • … 5544 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 21 May [1867] Darwin discusses his previous …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5617 , Darwin to Weale, J. P. M., 27 August [1867] "You have been extremely …
  • … Letter 5722 , Weale, J. P. M. to Darwin, [10 December 1867] "You speak sanguinely …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5565 — Kingsley, Charles to Darwin, C. R., 6 June 1867 Clergyman Charles Kingsley …
  • … 5648 — Darwin, C. R. to Wallace, A. R., 12–13 Oct [1867] Darwin thinks naturalist A. R. …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 15 AUGUST 1868 177  TO A GRAY 15 APRIL 1867 178  C DARWIN TO JD …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 5637 - Alfred Russel Wallace to Charles Darwin 1 October 1867 Alfred Russell Wallace, a …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [14 April 1867] Emma debates the wisdom of making a visit to …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5670f - Darwin to Kingsley, C., [6 November 1867] Darwin discusses ‘rudiments’ …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and sending Darwin a copy of the article. In early spring 1867, Darwin initiated a correspondence …
  • … Darwin  replied encouragingly  and in the summer of 1867, Müller began working on fertilisation of …
  • … preventing unwanted visitors from gaining access. In October 1867, Müller sent Darwin a letter …
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